Updated on 2024/06/17

Affiliation
Affiliated organization, Waseda Institute for Advanced Study
Job title
Associate Professor(non-tenure-track)
Degree
神学の博士 ( セイント・アンドリューズ大学 )
Doctor of Philosophy in Theology ( University of St Andrews )
神学の修士 ( セイント・アンドリューズ大学 )
Master of Theology ( University of St Andrews )

Research Experience

  • 2024.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Waseda Institute for Advanced Study   Associate Professor

  • 2020.04
    -
    Now

    Ibaraki University   College of Humanities and Social Sciences   Part-Time Instructor

  • 2022.04
    -
    2024.03

    Waseda University   Waseda Institute for Advanced Study   Assistant Professor

  • 2018.10
    -
    2022.03

    University of Tsukuba   人文社会系   Assistant Professor

  • 2019.04
    -
    2019.08

    Ibaraki University   College of Humanities and Social Sciences   Part-Time Instructor

  • 2017.04
    -
    2018.10

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College   Department of General Studies   Specially Appointed Research Associate

  • 2016.06
    -
    2017.03

    Ōtawara Board of Education   Assistant Language Teacher

  • 2012.08
    -
    2014.08

    Ōtawara Board of Education   Assistant Language Teacher

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Education Background

  • 2014.09
    -
    2018.07

    University of St Andrews   School of Divinity   Doctor of Philosophy in Theology  

  • 2015.06
    -
    2015.07

    Sophia University   Center for Global Discovery   Summer Session in Japanese Language and Culture  

  • 2008.09
    -
    2012.06

    University of St Andrews   School of Divinity   Master of Theology  

Committee Memberships

  • 2022.01
    -
    Now

    Practical Theology Hub  Editor in Chief

  • 2021.09
    -
    Now

    The Digital Orientalist  Managing Editor for Northeast Asian Studies

  • 2018.08
    -
    Now

    The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland  Fellow

  • 2018.07
    -
    Now

    Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, University of St Andrews  Associate Researcher

  • 2015.09
    -
    Now

    International Education for Sustainable Development Alliance  Editorial and Review Committee Member

  • 2019.09
    -
    2021.09

    The Digital Orientalist  Editor in Chief

  • 2019.12
    -
    2020.01

    Sage Open  Peer Reviewer and Article Editor

  • 2018.09
    -
    2019.09

    The Digital Orientalist  Editor for Japanese Studies

  • 2018.04
    -
    2019.04

    European Academy of Religion  Social Media Management Team Member

  • 2017.01
    -
    2017.12

    Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations (Journal),  Special Edition Peer Reviewer

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Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    The British & Irish Association for Practical Theology

  •  
     
     

    European Association for Japanese Studies

  •  
     
     

    JAPAN ASSOCIATION FOR MIDDLE EAST STUDIES

  •  
     
     

    Japan Mine Research Society

  •  
     
     

    The Surveillance Studies Network

  •  
     
     

    那須文化研究会

  •  
     
     

    British Association of South Asian Studies

  •  
     
     

    British Association of Japanese Studies

  •  
     
     

    European Academy of Religion

  •  
     
     

    The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland

  •  
     
     

    Center for the Study of Religion and Politics, University of St Andrews

  •  
     
     

    The Japan Association for Language Teaching

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Research Areas

  • History of Asia and Africa / Japanese history / Religious studies

Research Interests

  • Digital Humanities

  • Syriac Christianity

  • Intellectual History

  • Interfaith Dialogue

  • Christian-Muslim Relations

  • Conversion

  • Kirishitan

  • New Religious Movements

  • Mining History

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Awards

  • Surveillance Studies Network Early Career Researcher Award 2018

    2019.05   Surveillance Studies Network   For an outstanding paper published in the journal Surveillance and Society.

    Winner: James Harry Morris

 

Papers

  • Notes on an Edo Period Ranking of Tautological Expressions (Jūgon mitate banzuke)

    James Harry Morris, Christoph Reichenbaecher

    WIAS Research Bulletin   16   31 - 41  2024.03  [Refereed]

  • Meiji sannen no Takasa-mura kara hininban ga tōjō suru ‘Kirishitan shūmon aratame chō’ ni tsuite

    James Harry Morris, Anna Dulina

    WIAS Research Bulletin   16   42 - 50  2024.03  [Refereed]

  • Hydroelectric Power and the Ashio Copper Mine

    James Harry Morris

    Environment & Society Portal, Arcadia   Summer 2023 ( 17 )  2023.08  [Refereed]

  • 明治期における足尾銅山の食史

    Morris, James Harry

      ( 98 ) 25 - 36  2023.07  [Refereed]

  • 『日立鉱山ニュース』誌に見られる食生活の変化

    モリス ジェームズ・ハリー

    市民と博物館   ( 147 ) 4 - 4  2023.06

  • Chording Needs Practice - Potential and Challenges of Moraic and Syllabic Typing for Language Learners and Everyday Users

    Markus Rude, James Morris, Anubhuti Chauhan, Hiroaki Hatano

    外国語教育論集   45   21 - 39  2023.03  [Refereed]

  • Book Review - Dispelling the Darkness: A Jesuit’s Quest for the Soul of Tibet

    James Harry Morris

    Contemporary Buddhism     1 - 3  2023.01

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • Juggling Between Market, Modernization, and Ideology: Internationalization of Higher Education in Central Eurasia

    Murod Ismailov, James Harry Morris, Carole Faucher

    International Higher Education   ( 112 ) 20 - 22  2022.10  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Meiji zenki no Eikoku to Ashio dōzan no kankei

    James Harry Morris

    Kōzan kenkyū   97   1 - 11  2022.05  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • Good Foods and Bad Foods: The 1862 Measles Epidemic and Diet in Edo

    Morris,James Harry

    Environment & Society Portal, Arcadia   Spring 2022 ( 4 )  2022  [Refereed]

  • A Bibliography of Japanese Publications on Syriac Christianity: 2019-2020

    MORRIS,JAMES HARRY

    Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies   24 ( 2 ) 537 - 540  2021.09  [Refereed]

  • Non-Christian Religions in the work of Uchimura Kanzō

    Morris,James Harry

    CrossCurrents   71 ( 2 ) 196 - 219  2021.06  [Refereed]

  • Teaching about Othering in the Intercultural Communication Classroom: An Example and Reflections

    MORRIS,JAMES HARRY

    Studies in Foreign Language Education   43   13 - 28  2021.04  [Refereed]

  • The Marginalized in the Pandemic Crisis

    Morris,James Harry

    Japan Mission Journal   74 ( 4 ) 243 - 250  2020.12

  • A Select Bibliography of Chinese and Japanese Language Publications on Syriac Christianity: 2000-2019

    Morris, James Harry, Cheng, Chen

    Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies   23 ( 2 ) 355 - 415  2020.09  [Refereed]

  • A Digital Revival of Oriental Studies (Le retour numérique des études orientales)

    Lit, L, W. Cornelis van, Morris, James Harry, Çevik, Deniz

    ILCEA (Revue de l’Institut des langues et cultures d'Europe, Amérique, Afrique, Asie et Australie)   39   1 - 14  2020.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The Digital Orientalist is a multidisciplinary and international online magazine that publishes short articles on using information technologies and digital humanities methods in Oriental Studies disciplines. It consists of the articles on a variety of topics written by scholars, students and librarians from different countries. These topics include but not limited to Islamic Studies, Japanese and East Asian Studies, Archaeology, Information Science, Digital Cartography, African Studies and Indian Studies. This article aims to explain the Digital Orientalist’s raison d’être as well as the way it uses the term “Orientalist”. It highlights the importance of the new technologies and digital humanities in research and teaching of Oriental Studies.

    DOI

  • A New Analysis of Persian Visits to Japan in the 7th and 8th Centuries

    Morris,James Harry

    Journal of International and Advanced Japanese Studies   12   105 - 120  2020.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This research note describes the biographies of Dārāy and Ri Mitsuei, two Persians whose visits to Japan in the 7th and 8th Centuries are recorded in the Nihon Shoki and Shoku Nihongi. The research note outlines and critically engages with contemporary research, and seeks to suggest that much of the current knowledge regarding the biographies of the two figures is unsubstantiated. Furthermore, the research note seeks to provide new starting points for the analysis of the two figures. Whilst it argues that little can be known about the figure of Dārāy, the research note seeks to interact and add to debates regarding his name, nationality, rank, and the roles of other people who are often mentioned alongside him in scholarly works. Turning to Ri Mitsuei, the research note adds to previous research undertaken by the author revising some of the conclusions that he drew elsewhere.

  • Book Review - Soka Gakkai's Human Revolution: The Rise of a Mimetic Nation in Modern Japan

    Morris, James Harry

    JAPANESE JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES   46 ( 2 ) 332 - 335  2019

  • Brief Remarks on a Bunka-Bunsei Period Document from Sendai Domain pertaining to the Kawada Family and the Kirishitan and Teppo Aratame Yaku

    MORRIS,JAMES HARRY

    Fukushima Kōsen Kenkyū Kiyō   59   187 - 190  2018.12  [Refereed]

  • The Case for Christian Missionary Activity in Japan prior to the 16th Century, Part II: Evidence of the Earliest Encounter with Abrahamic Religions in Japan – Religious Encounters in Yuán-Kamakura Relations

    Morris,James Harry

    Oriens Christianus: Hefte für die Kunde des christlichen Orients   100   153 - 187  2018.09  [Refereed]

  • Some Reflections on the First Muslim Visitor to Japan

    Morris,James Harry

    American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences   35 ( 3 ) 116 - 130  2018.07

  • China, Japan, and Christian Emissaries to Muslim Lands

    Morris,James Harry

    Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations   29 ( 2 ) 167 - 191  2018.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article explores Christian–Muslim relations in East Asia during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries through a description of the lives and journeys of three Roman Catholics – Petro Kasui Kibe (Jesuit), Nicholas the Iruman (Augustinian), and Bento de Góis (Jesuit) – to predominantly Muslim lands. Their journeys display the different ways in which Christian–Muslim relations and communication were viewed at that time, and the varying levels of impact that inter-religious dialogue had. Kibe appears to have placed little importance on Christian–Muslim relations and his journey to Jerusalem remains little more than an interesting historical footnote. Nicholas played a background role in the tale of his superiors and travel partners who helped to establish European–Persian relations. And de Góis, through his journey and interactions with Muslims, was able to contribute to a paradigmal shift in European geographical knowledge that changed contemporary understandings of East Asia. The article illustrates that, although Christian–Muslim relations at that time took an array of forms and had a variety of results, episodes from the East Asian mission field that have oft

  • Christian-Muslim Relations in China and Japan in the 16th and early 17th Centuries

    Morris,James Harry

    Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations   29 ( 1 ) 37 - 55  2018.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Building on entries written for Christian–Muslim Relations: A Bibliographic History, this article explores Christian–Muslim relations in China and Japan in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. The first half of the article considers Christian–Muslim relations amongst the Japanese in and outside Japan. Direct, indirect and potential interactions and contemporaneous commentaries are explored in order to build a picture of the sort of Christian–Muslim interactions that took place. However, due to the sparsity of sources, this section seeks more to develop and open potential avenues of enquiry than to provide definitive answers. The second section focuses on Christian–Muslim interactions in the work of Matteo Ricci and suggests that Christian–Muslim interactions in East Asia generally, and in China more specifically, were significant not only to the Jesuit mission itself, but also to the shaping of European knowledge of the East.

  • Anti-Kirishitan Surveillance in Early Modern Japan

    Morris, James Harry

    SURVEILLANCE & SOCIETY   16 ( 4:::SI ) 410 - 431  2018  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • The Kirishitan Century in Tōhoku

    Morris,James Harry

    Fukushima Kōsen Kenkyū Kiyō   58   137 - 144  2017.12  [Refereed]

  • Rereading the evidence of the earliest Christian communities in East Asia during and prior to the Táng Period

    Morris,James Harry

    Missiology: An International Review   45 ( 3 ) 254 - 264  2017.07  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The history of the church of the East in East Asia is one in which it is often difficult to divide fact and fiction. This is the result of an over-reliance on late 19th- and early 20th-century Orientalist scholarship, which sought to show the all-encompassing influence of Christianity in global history, and is often repeated in modern works without critical attention. In this article, I explore claims that Christianity arrived in Korea and Japan prior to the 9th century. I offer a critical assessment of these claims in order to suggest that they do not have an historical basis. Similarly, I seek to question what evidence we have to suggest that Christianity was present in pre- Táng dynasty China. I seek to illustrate that reliance on early scholarship has resulted in a number of fictional claims, which either cannot be maintained or require more research. The article seeks to act as a starting point for greater criticism of a number of assumptions made by scholars of early East Asian Christianity, historians and missiologists alike.

  • The Figures of Kho and Li-mi-i, and the Origins of the Case for a Christian Missionary Presence in Tenpy Era Japan

    James Harry Morris

    JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY   27 ( 2 ) 313 - 323  2017.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In 1916 P.Y. Saeki devoted a page of his book The Nestorian Monument in China, to a short thought experiment which linked a Persian by the name of Li-mi-i ??? who was present in Emperor Shmu's ???? court and whose arrival was mentioned in the Shoku Nihongi ??? with a priest named on the Nestorian Stele. Since that first suggestion, several scholars have expounded the idea that Li-mi-i and another figure who arrived alongside him, Kho Tch ????, were Christians and/or missionaries. In this paper I assess these claims, returning to the Shoku Nihongi in order to suggest that there is a lack of data to establish them as true. I then seek to explore the origins of this theory situating it within the joint context of Japan's imperial expansion and her modernization. Whilst the latter cannot be conclusive, I hope that it may shed light on the significance of the theory which can be seen as a search to discover Japanese history, a statement of the equality between Japanese and Western histories, or an attempt to justify imperial aims in China academically.

    DOI

  • The Legacy of Peter Yoshirō Saeki: Evidence of Christianity in Japan before the arrival of Europeans

    Morris,James Harry

    The Journal of Academic Perspectives   2016 ( 2 ) 1 - 22  2016.04  [Refereed]

  • The Case for Christianity in Japan prior to the 16th Century

    Morris,James Harry

    Oriens Christianus: Hefte für die Kunde des christlichen Orients   98   109 - 137  2016.04  [Refereed]

  • “Lost” Letters: The Presence of Jǐngjiào in Japan as explored by Sakae Ikeda

    Morris,James Harry

    Japan Mission Journal   69 ( 4 ) 255 - 266  2015.12

  • Christianity, Martyrdom, and Pilgrimage in Ōkago Village

    Morris,James Harry

    Japan Mission Journal   69 ( 3 ) 206 - 216  2015.09

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Books and Other Publications

  • Digital Humanities and Religions in Asia: An Introduction

    L.W.C. van Lit, James Harry Morris( Part: Joint editor)

    De Gruyter  2023.12 ISBN: 9783110747256

  • The Palgrave Handbook of the Catholic Church in East Asia

    James Harry Morris( Part: Contributor, Bible and Religious Literature Translation and Indigenous Religious Texts: Printing Operations and the Production of Texts in Japan, 1549–1912)

    Palgrave MacMillan  2023.06 ISBN: 9789811593659

  • Practicing Japan. 35 Years of Japanese Studies in Poznań and Kraków

    Yuki Horie, Hanna Jaśkiewicz, Iga Rutkowska, Patrycja Duc-Harada, Damian Duduś, Stanisław Meyer, Anna Trzaska, Estera Żeromsk( Part: Contributor, "Japanese Texts in the Digital Age: Thoughts on New Possibilities in the Transcription of Pre-Modern Japanese," pp. 109-121.)

    Wydawnictwo Rys  2023 ISBN: 9788367287739  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: Primary Sources, Volume 3, 1700-1914

    C. Bennett( Part: Contributor, “Eusèbe Renaudot, Accounts of India and China,” pp. 260-262. “Extract from a letter written by Jean Joseph Marie Amiot from Peking on 29 November 1784,” pp. 268-270. “Syed Ameer Ali, Critical examination of the life and teaching of Mohammed,” pp. 286-289. “Mohammad Barakatullah and Ahmad Fadli, The Islamic Fraternity,” pp. 308-311. “Arthur Evans Moule, The Chinese People,” pp. 311-314.)

    Bloomsbury Academic  2023 ISBN: 9781350233300

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: Primary Sources, Volume 2: 1500-1700

    M. Fredericks( Part: Contributor, “Diego de Pantoja, Account of the entry of some fathers of the Society of Jesus into China,” pp. 317-320. “Álvaro de Semedo, The history of the great and renowned monarchy of China,” pp. 325-328.)

    Bloomsbury Academic  2023 ISBN: 9781350233300

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History Volume 20. Iran, Afghanistan and the Caucasus (1800-1914)

    James Harry Morris( Part: Contributor, Joseph Emin)

    Brill  2023

  • 近代日本と中東・イスラーム圏 : ヒト・モノ・情報の交錯から見る

    小野, 亮介, 海野, 典子( Part: Contributor, 明治キリスト教徒とムスリム関係)

    東京外国語大学アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所  2022.03 ISBN: 9784863373747

  • The Palgrave Handbook of the Catholic Church in East Asia

    MORRIS,JAMES HARRY( Part: Contributor, Evangelization and Indigenous Communities in Japan: 1549–1600)

    Palgrave MacMillan  2021.08 ISBN: 9789811593659

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History Volume 16. North America, South-East Asia, China, Japan and Australasia (1800-1914)

    Morris, James Harry, Ho, Wai Yi( Part: Contributor, Marshall Broomhall)

    Brill  2020.07

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History Volume 16. North America, South-East Asia, China, Japan and Australasia (1800-1914)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Kanzō Uchimura)

    Brill  2020.07

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History Volume 16. North America, South-East Asia, China, Japan and Australasia (1800-1914)

    Morris, James Harry, Ho, Wai Yi( Part: Contributor, Marshall Broomhall)

    Brill  2020.07

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History Volume 16. North America, South-East Asia, China, Japan and Australasia (1800-1914)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Kanzō Uchimura)

    Brill  2020.07

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History Volume 16. North America, South-East Asia, China, Japan and Australasia (1800-1914)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Kanzō Uchimura)

    Brill  2020.07

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History, Volume 15. Thematic Essays (600-1600)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Conflict, conquest & reconquest. Arabian and Iberian experience.)

    Brill  2020 ISBN: 9789004423190

  • Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories in American History

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Moonies)

    ABC-CLIO  2019.05 ISBN: 9781440858109

  • Rethinking the History of Conversion to Christianity in Japan

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Sole author)

    University of St Andrews  2018.12

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - Asia, Africa and the Americas (1700-1800)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Mémoires concernant les Chinois)

    Brill  2018.11 ISBN: 9789004375437

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - Asia, Africa and the Americas (1700-1800)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Mémoires concernant les Chinois)

    Brill  2018.11 ISBN: 9789004375437

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - Asia, Africa and the Americas (1700-1800)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Mémoires concernant les Chinois)

    Brill  2018.11 ISBN: 9789004375437

  • Encyclopaedia of Women in World Religions: Faith and Culture Across History

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Soka Gakkai)

    ABC-CLIO  2018.11 ISBN: 9781440848490

  • End of Days: An Encyclopaedia of the Apocalypse in World Religions

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Metsubo no Hi)

    ABC-CLIO  2017.07 ISBN: 9781440839405

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History, Selected Readings

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Roman Catholic orders in 17th-century China)

    SAIACS Centre for Islamic Studies  2017.01

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Alvaro de Semedo)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Diego de Pantoja)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Ferdinand Verbiest)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Yang Guangxian)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, The Jesuits in 17th-century Japan)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, The Jesuits in 17th-century Japan)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Yang Guangxian)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, The Jesuits in 17th-century Japan)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Yang Guangxian)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, Yang Guangxian)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 - South and East Asia, Africa and the Americas (1600-1700)

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, The Jesuits in 17th-century Japan)

    Brill  2016.12 ISBN: 9789004335585

  • Relating with Hindu Diaspora: Anglican and Lutheran Reflections

    Morris,James Harry( Part: Contributor, The Problem of Understanding Conversion: Religious Change and Interfaith Dialogue)

    Anglican Interfaith Networks, Lutheran Porvoo Communion, and World Council of Churches  2015.09

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Works

  • Japanese (Shakkanhō) Unit Conversion Calculator

    Morris,James Harry  Web Service 

     View Summary

    https://www.vcalc.com/wiki/jmorris/Japanese+%28Shakkanh%C5%8D%29+Unit+Conversion+Calculator

Presentations

  • Using Digital Tools in the Classroom: The Case of Classical Japanese and Japanese Palaoegraphy

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    Ibaraki JALT All-Day Meeting 

    Presentation date: 2024.03

  • Transkribus for Asian Languages

    Rachel Griffiths, Franz Xaver Erhard, James Harry Morris, Li Shihua, Nicole Merkel-Hilf, Alexander O'Neill

    Transkribus User Conference 24 

    Presentation date: 2024.02

    Event date:
    2024.02
     
     
  • Poisoned Water: Responses to Water Pollution in Japan

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    Seminar and Colloquium, Centre for Applied Ethics, Hong Kong Baptist University 

    Presentation date: 2024.02

  • Uchimura Kanzō and the Ashio Copper Mine Incident

    James Harry Morris

    Presentation date: 2024.01

    Event date:
    2024.01
     
     
  • Information Loss and the Transcription of Pre-Modern Japanese

    James Harry Morris

    Joint 3rd International Conference on Natural Language Processing for Digital Humanities and 8th International Workshop on Computational Linguistics for Uralic Languages 

    Presentation date: 2023.12

    Event date:
    2023.12
     
     
  • Chorded Input: Muscle Memory May Help Language Learning

    Markus Rude, James Harry Morris, Chauhan Anubhuti

    JALT 2023 

    Presentation date: 2023.11

    Event date:
    2023.11
     
     
  • Kirishitan Texts in the Digital Age

    James Harry Morris

    Waseda Open Innovation Forum 2023 

    Presentation date: 2023.11

    Event date:
    2023.11
     
     
  • Digital Tools in the Classical Japanese Classroom

    James Harry Morris

    JALTCALL 2023: Calling the Future 

    Presentation date: 2023.06

    Event date:
    2023.06
     
     
  • How can we ensure longevity? Thoughts at the beginning of a project

    James Harry Morris

    The Digital Orientalist 2023 Conference 

    Presentation date: 2023.06

    Event date:
    2023.06
     
     
  • Using Minna de Honkoku: An Introduction and Workshop

    James Harry Morris

    Presentation date: 2023.02

  • Hydroelectric Power and the Ashio Copper Mines

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    WIAS 15th Anniversary Symposium “Well-being in the time of uncertainty” 

    Presentation date: 2022.12

    Event date:
    2022.12
     
     
  • AI Transcription Tools and Pre-Modern Japanese Texts: What is gained and what is lost?

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    Error Correcting HTR for Historical Sources 

    Presentation date: 2022.11

  • Christianity and Copper Pollution: The Origins and Responses to the Ashio Copper Mine Incident

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    Research Seminar for Transdisciplinary Perspectives Toward Environmental Sustainability 

    Presentation date: 2022.11

  • Low Level Digital Humanities and the Challenge of Early Modern Japanese Texts

    James Harry Morris

    Among Digitized Manuscripts: Working with Oriental Manuscripts in the Digital Age 

    Presentation date: 2022.10

  • Aum Shinrikyō in Ōtawara: Religious Surveillance and Religious Policy at the Turn of the Century

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    WIAS Monthly Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2022.10

  • Kirishitan-ban, Kōsatsu and Digital Tools: Challenges and Opportunities

    British Association of Japanese Studies 2022 Conference 

    Presentation date: 2022.09

    Event date:
    2022.09
     
     
  • Discovering the Religious Other: Christian and Muslim Interactions in Meiji Period Japan

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    The Politicization of Islam in East Asia, 1850-1950 

    Presentation date: 2022.08

    Event date:
    2022.08
     
     
  • Reassessing the Causes of Success and Disaster: The Development of Ashio Copper Mine during the Meiji Period

    James Harry Morris  [Invited]

    Global Economic History Study Group 

    Presentation date: 2022.06

  • Using Twine in the Foreign Language Classroom

    James Harry Morris

    JALTCALL 

    Presentation date: 2022.06

    Event date:
    2022.06
     
     
  • Approaching Early Modern Japanese Texts Digitally: Challenges and Opportunities

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    Practicing Japan – 35 years of Japanese Studies in Poznań and Kraków  (Poland Poznań and Kraków)  Adam Mickiewicz University and Jagiellonian University

    Presentation date: 2022.04

  • Theologising about the Religious Other: Christian-Muslim Relations in Modern Japan

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    University of St Andrews, The Center for the Study of Religion and Politics, Scholars at the Periphery Seminar  (United Kingdom St Andrews)  University of St Andrews, Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics

    Presentation date: 2022.03

  • River and Soil: Christian Reflections on Poisoned Waterways and Farmland following the Ashio Copper Mine Incident

    Morris,James Harry

    Uniting the World to Tackle Climate Change: Perspectives from Religion and Politics  (United Kingdom St Andrews)  University of St Andrews, Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics

    Presentation date: 2021.10

  • After Yanaka: Theologizing about the Ashio Copper Mine Incident post-1907

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    University of St Andrews, The Center for the Study of Religion and Politics, Scholars at the Periphery Seminar  (United Kingdom St Andrews)  University of St Andrews

    Presentation date: 2021.10

  • Uchimura Kanzō and the Ashio Copper Mine Incident

    Morris,James Harry

    The Sixth Biennial Conference of East Asian Environmental History (EAEH 2021)  (Japan Kyoto)  Association for East Asian Environmental History

    Presentation date: 2021.09

  • Non-Christian Religions and Divine Providence in the Work of Uchimura Kanzō

    Morris,James Harry

    European Academy of Religion Annual Conference 2021  (Germany Münster)  European Academy of Religion

    Presentation date: 2021.08

  • Christian Theology and Pollution in Late Meiji Period Japan: Uchimura Kanzō's Theological Reflections on the Ashio Copper Mine Incident

    Morris,James Harry

    16th International Conference of the European Association for Japanese Studies  (Belgium Ghent)  European Association for Japanese Studies

    Presentation date: 2021.08

  • Goshuin 2.0: Construction of the World’s Largest Goshuin Dataset and Automatic Generation System of Goshuin with Neural Style Transfer

    Morris, James Harry, Shimizu, Shuma, Minagawa, Tatsuya, XANAT, VARGAS MEZA, Ochiai, Yoichi

    SIGGRAPH 2021  (United States of Amerca New York)  ACM SIGGRAPH

    Presentation date: 2021.08

  • Placing the Poor at the Centre: Theological Responses to the Ashio Copper Mine Incident

    Morris,James Harry

    2021 BIAPT Annual Conference: Practical Theology as Ecotheology  The British and Irish Association for Practical Theology

    Presentation date: 2021.07

  • Opening Remarks: Brief Introduction to the Digital Orientalist

    Morris,James Harry

    The Digital Orientalist's Virtual Workshop and Conference 2021  (Switerzland Zurich)  The Digital Orientalist

    Presentation date: 2021.06

  • Thoughts on Biblical Translation in 16th and 17th Century Japan

    Morris,James Harry

    Annual Meeting of the Yale-Edinburgh Group on World Christianity and the History of Mission: Print, Oral, and Digital Cultures in World Christianity and the History of Mission  (United Kingdom and United States of America Edinburgh and New Haven)  University of Edinburgh and Yale University

    Presentation date: 2021.06

  • Islam and Muslims in the Work of Meiji Period Christian Thinkers

    Morris,James Harry

    Eleventh International Conference on Religion & Spirituality in Society  (Spain Córdoba)  University of Córdoba

    Presentation date: 2021.06

     View Summary

    This paper explores Christian-Muslim relations in Meiji Period (1868-1912) Japan by focusing on the descriptions and evaluations of Muslims and Islam by contemporary Christian writers. Meiji period Christian thought vis-a-vis Muslims and Islam was influenced by European scholarship, which had come to view Mohammad as a great historical figure and Islam as a potential ally to Christianity. Nevertheless, Christian reflections on Islam in Meiji Japan were also influenced by Japanese understandings that both the Japanese and Muslims (Turks, Arabs etc.) were linked by their Asianness. The paper explores the roles that these influences had on Christian-Muslim relations as seen in the work of Kanzō Uchimura, Gorō Takahashi, and Zanka Togawa amongst others.

  • Non-Christian Religions in the Work of Uchimura Kanzō

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    Oxford Symposium on Religious Studies (March 2021, Symposium)  (United Kingdom Oxford) 

    Presentation date: 2021.03

  • Theologizing about Pollution in Japan: The Ashio Copper Mine Incident

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    University of St Andrews, The Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, Scholars at the Periphery Seminar  (United Kingdom St Andrews)  University of St Andrews, The Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics

    Presentation date: 2020.10

  • The Digital Orientalist: A Brief Introduction

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    "Taking Japanese Studies Online” Webinar  (United Kingdom Norwich)  The University of East Anglia, Centre for Japanese Studies and Sainsbury Institute for the Study of Japanese Arts and Cultures

    Presentation date: 2020.10

  • Christian-Muslim Relations in China and Japan, 1549-1912: An Introduction

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    University of St Andrews, The Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, Seminar  (UK St Andrews)  University of St Andrews, The Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics

    Presentation date: 2020.06

  • Digital Resources in the Time of Pandemic

    Morris,James Harry

    Digital Orientalisms Twitter Conference 2020 (DOsTC2020)  The Digital Orientalist

    Presentation date: 2020.06

  • Christian Responses to the Ashio Copper Mine Incident and Industrialization in Late Meiji Period Japan

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    COP25 Alternative International Panel  (Chile Santiago)  University of St Andrews, Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics; Fundacion Milarepa; Laudato Si' International

    Presentation date: 2019.12

  • Christian-Muslim Relations in 19th Century Japan: An Introduction

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    The Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, 15th Anniversary Conference  (United Kingdom St Andrews)  University of St Andrews, Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics

    Presentation date: 2019.09

  • Twitter Bot Research and the Changing Meaning of Historical Vocabulary

    Morris,James Harry

    Digital Orientalisms Twitter Conference (DOsTC)  The Digital Orientalist

    Presentation date: 2019.06

  • Integrating Digital Tools into Intercultural Communication Courses in CEGLOC

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    CEGLOC Workshop: Teacher Development Workshop on TESOL  (Japan Tsukuba)  University of Tsukuba, Center for Education of Global Communication

    Presentation date: 2019.05

  • Using WordPress in a Japanese University for Research-led Teaching

    Morris,James Harry

    2019 PressED Conference  PressED

    Presentation date: 2019.04

  • Teaching About ‘Othering’: Practical Examples and Reflections

    Morris,James Harry

    The Asian Symposium on Education, Equity and Social Justice (EQUIS)  (Japan Hiroshima)  International Education for Sustainable Development Alliance (INTESDA)

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • Approaches to Interfaith Dialogue in the Work of Uchimura Kanzō

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    European Academy of Religion Annual Conference  (Italy Bologna)  European Academy of Religion

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • The Surveillance of Aum Shinrikyō: A Rural Case Study

    Morris,James Harry

    European Academy of Religion Annual Conference  (Italy Bologna)  European Academy of Religion

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • A Journey through Ōkago Village: Christianity, Persecution, and Hiding in Northern Japan

    Morris,James Harry

    The Third Public Archaeology Twitter Conference (PATC3)  The Public Archaeology Twitter Conference

    Presentation date: 2019.01

  • Christian Conversion and Religious Practice in 16th and 17th Century Japan

    Morris,James Harry

    The European Academy of Religion, Annual Conference  (Italy Bologna)  The European Academy of Religion

    Presentation date: 2018.03

  • Theological Reflections on the Environment: A Liberative Perspective

    Morris,James Harry

    Fourth Asian Conference on the Social Sciences and Sustainability  (Japan Hiroshima)  INTESDA

    Presentation date: 2017.12

  • China, Japan, and Christian Emissaries to Muslim Lands

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    South Asian Intercultural Understandings in Historical Perspective: Select Studies  (India Bangalore)  South Asia Institute of Advanced Christian Studies

    Presentation date: 2017.02

  • The Oppression of Aizu and Conversion to Christianity in Japan (1867-1880)

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, Seminar  (United Kingdom St Andrews)  Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, University of St Andrews

    Presentation date: 2016.02

  • The Legacy of Peter Yoshirō Saeki: Evidence of Christianity in Japan before the arrival of Europeans

    Morris,James Harry

    Oxford Symposium on Religious Studies  (United Kingdom Oxford)  Oxford University

    Presentation date: 2015.12

  • Religious Freedom Policy in Modern Mongolia

    Morris,James Harry

    The Second Asian Symposium on Human Rights Education (SHARE)  (Japan Hiroshima)  ESD Focus

    Presentation date: 2015.08

  • Hinduism and Japanese Religion

    Morris,James Harry

    The Spalding Symposium on Indian Religions  (United Kingdom Edinburgh)  University of Edinburgh

    Presentation date: 2015.04

  • Kakure Kirishitan: Dual Religious Identity and Japanese Religion

    Morris,James Harry  [Invited]

    Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, Seminar  (United Kingdom St Andrews)  Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, University of St Andrews

    Presentation date: 2015.02

  • Christianity and Violence: Christian Participation in Latin American Revolutions

    Morris,James Harry

    The Inaugural Asian Education for Peace and Interfaith Congress (EPIC)  (Japan Hiroshima)  ESD Focus

    Presentation date: 2014.10

▼display all

Research Projects

  • Kirishitan-ban in the Digital Age: A Study of the Opportunities and Limitations of Applying Digital Methods to Kirishitan-ban

    DNP Foundation for Cultural Promotion Graphic Culture Research Grant 

    Project Year :

    2023.01
    -
    2024.12
     

  • The History of Christian-Muslim Relations in China and Japan, 1549-1912

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Early-Career Scientists

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2023.03
     

Misc

  • Using TimelineJS in the English Language Classroom

    James Harry Morris

    The Language Teacher   46 ( 5 ) 49 - 51  2022.09

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (other)  

 

Syllabus

▼display all

Teaching Experience

  • Intensive Studies 3 (Philosophy 3)

    Waseda University  

    2023.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Intensive Studies 1 (Philosophy 1)

    Waseda University  

    2023.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Understanding Christian-Muslim Relations in China and Japan, 1800-1945

    Waseda University  

    2023.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Language and Culture in Japan F

    Ibaraki University  

    2020.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Language and Culture in Japan E

    Ibaraki University  

    2020.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Language and Culture in Japan A

    Ibaraki University  

    2019.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Introduction to Diversity and Inclusion (Special Lecture)

    University of Tsukuba  

    2020.04
    -
    2022.08
     

  • English Reading Skills II

    University of Tsukuba  

    2020.09
    -
    2022.03
     

  • English Presentation Skills II

    University of Tsukuba  

    2019.09
    -
    2022.03
     

  • English Writing II

    University of Tsukuba  

    2018.11
    -
    2022.03
     

  • English Media Studies II (Spring Intensive Course)

    University of Tsukuba  

    2022.02
     
     
     

  • English Intercultural Communication II (Summer Intensive Course)

    University of Tsukuba  

    2021.09
     
     
     

  • English Reading Skills I

    University of Tsukuba  

    2020.04
    -
    2021.08
     

  • English Writing I

    University of Tsukuba  

    2020.04
    -
    2021.08
     

  • English Presentation Skills I

    University of Tsukuba  

    2019.04
    -
    2021.08
     

  • English Scientific Discourse II

    University of Tsukuba  

    2019.09
    -
    2020.03
     

  • English Intercultural Communication II

    University of Tsukuba  

    2018.11
    -
    2020.03
     

  • English Intercultural Communication I

    University of Tsukuba  

    2019.04
    -
    2019.06
     

  • English Scientific Discourse I

    University of Tsukuba  

    2019.04
    -
    2019.06
     

  • English Writing I

    University of Tsukuba  

    2018.11
    -
    2019.06
     

  • English Integrated Skills II

    University of Tsukuba  

    2018.11
    -
    2019.03
     

  • Mini-Research

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2018.04
    -
    2018.10
     

  • English Conversation I

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.04
    -
    2018.10
     

  • English IV

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.04
    -
    2018.10
     

  • Advanced English I

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.04
    -
    2018.10
     

  • Advanced English II

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.04
    -
    2018.10
     

  • English V

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.04
    -
    2018.10
     

  • English IIA

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.03
    -
    2018.10
     

  • Modern English II

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.09
    -
    2018.03
     

  • Special Lecture II: An International History of Japan

    National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College  

    2017.09
    -
    2018.03
     

▼display all

 

Academic Activities

  • 近代日本と中東・イスラーム圏:ヒト・モノ・情報の交錯から見る

    Academic society, research group, etc.

    2023.02
     
     
  • Using Minna de Honkoku: An Introduction and Workshop

    Academic society, research group, etc.

    2023.02
     
     
  • The Digital Turn in Early Modern Japanese Studies: A Conference

    Academic society, research group, etc.

    The University of Cambridge, Waseda University, and National Museum of Japanese History  

    2022.12
     
     
  • Among Digitized Manuscripts: Working with Oriental Manuscripts in the Digital Age

    Competition, symposium, etc.

    James Harry Morris  

    2022.11
    -
     

Sub-affiliation

  • Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences   School of Humanities and Social Sciences

  • Faculty of Social Sciences   School of Social Sciences

Internal Special Research Projects

  • Kirishitan-ban in the Digital Age: A Study of the Opportunities and Limitations of Applying Digital Methods to Kirishitan-ban

    2023  

     View Summary

    The project had several outcomes in AY2023.1. Project website was launched.2. Font package launched.3. Flashcard decks launched.4. Repository(English version) launched.In addition to this were the following research outputs:Book ChaptersJames Harry Morris, “Missiology in the Digital Age: Challenges andOpportunities for the Study of Pre-Modern Christianity in Japan,” in DigitalHumanities and Religions in Asia: An Introduction, edited by L.W.C. van Litand J. H. Morris (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2023), pp. 205-232.PapersJames Harry Morris (モリス・ジェームズ・ハリー) and Anna Dulina (ドゥーリナ・アンナ), “Meiji sannen no Takasa-mura kara hininban ga tōjō suru‘Kirishitan shūmon aratame chō’ ni tsuite” 明治三年の高佐村から非人番が登場する「切支丹宗門改帳」について,FY2023 WIAS Research Bulletin (早稲田大学高等研究所紀要) 16, pp. 50 (19)-42 (27) (March 2024).PresentationsJames Harry Morris, “How can we ensure longevity? Thoughts at thebeginning of a project,” presented at The Digital Orientalist 2023Conference, June 3rd, 2023 (Online).OthersJames Harry Morris, “Assistant Professor MORRIS James Harry’s ‘Kirishitan-ban inthe Digital Age’ Project,” WIAS Newsletter Vol. 27 (Winter2024).  @font-face {font-family:"Cambria Math"; panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:roman; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-536870145 1107305727 0 0 415 0;}@font-face {font-family:DengXian; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-alt:等线; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610612033 953122042 22 0 262159 0;}@font-face {font-family:Aptos; panose-1:2 11 0 4 2 2 2 2 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:536871559 3 0 0 415 0;}@font-face {font-family:"PingFang TC"; panose-1:2 11 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0; mso-font-charset:136; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611969 2060451323 23 0 1048577 0;}@font-face {font-family:Garamond; panose-1:2 2 4 4 3 3 1 1 8 3; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:roman; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:647 2 0 0 159 0;}@font-face {font-family:"\@DengXian"; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610612033 953122042 22 0 262159 0;}@font-face {font-family:"\@PingFang TC"; mso-font-charset:136; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611969 2060451323 23 0 1048577 0;}p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-unhide:no; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; margin:0cm; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Aptos",sans-serif; mso-ascii-font-family:Aptos; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:DengXian; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Aptos; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;}.MsoChpDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; mso-default-props:yes; mso-ascii-font-family:Aptos; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:DengXian; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Aptos; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-font-kerning:0pt; mso-ligatures:none;}div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;}

  • Aum Shinrikyō and the Development of Religious Surveillance in Japan: 1995-2001

    2022  

     View Summary

    The grant for the project titled “AumShinrikyō and the Development of Religious Surveillance in Japan: 1995-2001”was used to progress my research on the surveillance of Aum Shinrikyō. During academicyear 2022, I made one presentation about my on the topic and made progress onthe draft of a related monograph. In addition to this, there are also plans topublish findings in the form of a book chapter in an edited volume in the nearfuture.  @font-face {font-family:"Cambria Math"; panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:roman; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:3 0 0 0 1 0;}@font-face {font-family:DengXian; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-alt:等线; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610612033 953122042 22 0 262159 0;}@font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-536859905 -1073732485 9 0 511 0;}@font-face {font-family:"\@DengXian"; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610612033 953122042 22 0 262159 0;}p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-unhide:no; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; margin:0cm; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:DengXian; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;}.MsoChpDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; mso-default-props:yes; font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:DengXian; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;}