Updated on 2024/07/20

写真a

 
SAJI, Noburo
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Human Sciences, School of Human Sciences
Job title
Associate Professor(tenure-track)
Degree
博士(学術) ( 慶應義塾大学 )

Research Experience

  • 2018.04
    -
    2022.03

    Kamakura Women's University   Faculty of Child Studies Department of Child Psychology   Associate Professor

  • 2014.04
    -
    2017.03

    Kamakura Women's University   Faculty of Child Studies Department of Child Psychology   Senior Lecturer

  • 2011.04
    -
    2014.03

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science   Postdoctoral Fellow

Education Background

  • 2006.04
    -
    2010.09

    Keio University   Graduate School of Media and Governance  

Research Areas

  • Experimental psychology   Psycholinguistics, Language development, Language and thought, Symbolic communication

Research Interests

  • symbolic communication

  • language and thought

  • language development

 

Papers

  • Developmental changes in the expressions of symbols in the construction of common ground

    Noburo Saji, Misa Takayama, Arisa Yamazaki

    Cognitive Studies   31 ( 1 ) 157 - 171  2024.03  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

    DOI

  • Learning semantic categories of L2 verbs: The case of cutting and breaking verbs

    Noburo Saji, Chunzi Hong, Chong Wang

    PLOS ONE   19 ( 1 ) e0296628 - e0296628  2024.01  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

     View Summary

    To attain native-like proficiency in second-language word usage, learners have to discover intricate semantic categories in the target language. We investigated the factors influencing the development of two aspects of second-language learners’ semantic categories: the category center and category boundary of word meanings. In the experiment, second-language learners of Japanese, whose first language is Mandarin, were asked to produce the best verb for 28 videos depicting various cutting and breaking events. Descriptive analyses were conducted to compare the verb patterns used by second-language learners with those of native speakers. The second-language learners’ verb use pattern suggested their struggle in delineating the semantic ranges of breaking verbs in a native-like manner. Model analyses further revealed that different factors contribute to learning two different aspects of word meanings. The learning category center of word meaning depended on the similarity between the lexical domains in the first and second languages. On the contrary, the success of learning the semantic boundaries of verbs required a large input frequency and smaller semantic coverage, and smaller category ambiguity. The results suggest that constructing a semantic domain in the second language should be evaluated from at least two different aspects of semantic representation.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • 言語習得研究のこれまでとこれから

    今井むつみ, 佐治伸郎

    認知科学   30 ( 1 ) 63 - 73  2023.03

    Authorship:Corresponding author

    DOI

  • Deaf and hard-of-hearing people can detect sound symbolism: Implications for the articulatory origin of word meaning.

    Mutsumi Imai, Kimi Akita, Sotaro Kita, Noburo Saji, Masato Ohba, Miki Nakatame

    The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Language Evolution     325 - 332  2022

  • From green to turquoise: Exploring age and socioeconomic status in the acquisition of color terms

    Molly E. Scott, Junko Kanero, Noburo Saji, Yu Chen, Mutsumi Imai, Roberta M. Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek

    First Language    2022

     View Summary

    Previous research demonstrates that children delineate more nuanced color boundaries with increased exposure to their native language. As socioeconomic status (SES) is known to correlate with differences in the amount of language input children receive, this study attempts to extend previous research by asking how both age (age 3 vs 5) and SES (under-resourced vs advantaged) might impact color name acquisition of preschool children. The results confirm the findings of previous research, showing that older children labeled the color continuum more accurately than did younger participants. In addition, we found that while SES did not make a difference in how children labeled the continuum using basic color terms (e.g. blue), basic color terms with achromatic modifiers (e.g. light blue), and compound terms (e.g. blueish-green), 5-year-olds from more advantaged economic environments used significantly more non-basic color terms (e.g. turquoise) compared to their counterparts from under-resourced environments. We suggest that, as children hear more non-basic terms, these world-to-word mappings become solidified, and exposure to such labels may contribute to the timing of when children can map those terms to the color continuum.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • Acquisition of the Meaning of the Word Orange Requires Understanding of the Meanings of Red, Pink, and Purple: Constructing a Lexicon as a Connected System

    Noburo Saji, Mutsumi Imai, Michiko Asano

    Cognitive Science   44 ( 1 )  2020.01

     View Summary

    This research investigated how children build up the language-specific system of the color lexicon, examining factors that play important roles for the construction of an adult-like color lexicon. We had 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old Japanese-speaking children and adults (n = 20, 18, 19, and 19, respectively) produce names for 93 color swatches. The results showed that children of all ages were able to apply most of the chromatic words to the colors close to the center of each category, but even 5-year-olds struggle to delineate the boundaries between the words. Furthermore, the model analyses revealed that broad-covering and high-frequency words are mapped to the center of the lexical category earlier. However, cross-individual consistency in adults' use contributed most strongly for the adult-like boundary delineation. The results suggest that the process of system construction consists of at least two steps (i.e., mapping words to their category center and finding appropriate boundaries between neighboring words), with the quantity and the quality of the input contributing differently to the steps.

    DOI PubMed

    Scopus

    11
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Cross-linguistically shared and language-specific sound symbolism in novel words elicited by locomotion videos in Japanese and English

    Noburo Saji, Kimi Akita, Katerina Kantartzis, Sotaro Kita, Mutsumi Imai

    PLoS ONE   14 ( 7 )  2019.07

     View Summary

    This paper demonstrates a new quantitative approach to examine cross-linguistically shared and language-specific sound symbolism in languages. Unlike most previous studies taking a hypothesis-testing approach, we employed a data mining approach to uncover unknown sound-symbolic correspondences in the domain of locomotion, without limiting ourselves to pre-determined sound-meaning correspondences. In the experiment, we presented 70 locomotion videos to Japanese and English speakers and asked them to create a sound symbolically matching word for each action. Participants also rated each action on five meaning variables. Multivariate analyses revealed cross-linguistically shared and language-specific sound-meaning correspondences within a single semantic domain. The present research also established that a substantial number of sound-symbolic links emerge from conventionalized form-meaning mappings in the native languages of the speakers.

    DOI PubMed

    Scopus

    16
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • The Characterization Study on the Categorization of Learning Synonymous Verbs for Japanese-speaking Learners of Chinese.

    Wang, C, Hong, C, Saji,N., Liu, X

    Modern Foreign Languages   41 ( 4 ) 493 - 504  2018

  • An empirical study on verbs of cutting and breaking in Chinese and Japanese

    Wang, C, Hong, C, Saji,N

    Foreign Language Teaching and Research   50 ( 4 ) 516 - 528  2018  [Refereed]

  • Context sensitivity in verb learning: Effects of communicative demand on organization processes in lexical development.

    Saji, N, Wang, C, Hong,C, Ohba, M

    Journal of Cognitive Linguistics   3   40 - 55  2018  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Differences in the Characteristics of Cooking Operations and Procedures between Novices and Experts

    Hitomi Takahashi, Noburo Saji, Yukie Yanagisawa

    Journal of Cookery Science of Japan   51 ( 6 ) 315 - 325  2018  [Refereed]

  • 幼児の類推における自発的言語化の効果

    齊藤都, 佐治伸郎, 廣田昭久

    認知科学   24 ( 3 ) 376 - 394  2017  [Refereed]

  • 日本語オノマトペの理解 :アニメーションを用いたマッチング実験を通して

    中石ゆうこ, 佐治伸郎, 今井むつみ 酒井弘

    Studies in Language Sciences   14   184 - 205  2016  [Refereed]

  • Human locomotion in languages: Constraints on moving and meaning

    Barbara C. Malt, Eef Ameel, Mutsumi Imai, Silvia P. Gennari, Noburo Saji, Asifa Majid

    Journal of Memory and Language   74   107 - 123  2014.07

     View Summary

    The distinctions between red and yellow or arm and hand may seem self-evident to English speakers, but they are not: Languages differ in the named distinctions they make. To help understand what constrains word meaning and how variation arises, we examined name choices in English, Dutch, Spanish, and Japanese for 36 instances of human locomotion. Naming patterns showed commonalities largely interpretable in terms of perceived physical similarities among the instances. There was no evidence for languages jointly ignoring salient physical distinctions to build meaning on other bases, nor for a shift in the basis of word meanings between parts of the domain of more vs. less importance to everyday life. Overall, the languages differed most notably in how many named distinctions they made, a form of variation that may be linked to linguistic typology. These findings, considered along with naming patterns from other domains, suggest recurring principles of constraint and variation across domains. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

    DOI

    Scopus

    40
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Mimetic Vowel Harmony in Japanese.

    Akita, K, Imai, M, Saji, N, Kantartzis, K, Kita, S

    Japan/Korean Linguistics   20   125 - 129.  2013  [Refereed]

  • Evolution of Verb Meanings in Children and L2 Adult Learners Through Reorganization of an Entire Semantic Domain: The Case of Chinese Carry/Hold Verbs

    Noburo Saji, Mutsumi Imai

    Scientific Studies of Reading   17 ( 1 ) 71 - 88  2013.01

     View Summary

    The meaning of a word is not acquired in isolation from other words. This article investigates how first-language (L1) and adult second-language (L2) learners of Chinese learn the meanings of verbs belonging to the same semantic domain, focusing on the semantic domain of "carrying/holding" in Chinese. Results revealed that the verb use of L2 adults is heavily influenced by their lexical knowledge of L1 and that their development of word meanings stops before they fully reach the adult native speakers' word meaning. L1 children in contrast tend to depend on perceptually visible features of actions at the initial stage of lexical acquisition and then gradually learn how their L1 categorizes the actions by verbs. We argue that L2 learners need to attain meta-knowledge about the mapping of the entire configuration of the corresponding lexical domain between L1 and L2 and discuss how reading inside and outside of the classroom could foster this process. © 2013 Copyright 2013 Society for the Scientific Study of Reading.

    DOI

    Scopus

    13
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • 中国語を母語とする学習者は日本語のオノマトペをどの程度使用できるのか-アニメーションを用いた産出実験を中心として-

    中石ゆうこ, 佐治伸郎, 今井むつみ, 酒井弘

    中国語話者のための日本語教育研究   2   42 - 58  2011

  • Word learning does not end at fast-mapping: Evolution of verb meanings through reorganization of an entire semantic domain

    Noburo Saji, Mutsumi Imai, Henrik Saalbach, Yuping Zhang, Hua Shu, Hiroyuki Okada

    Cognition   118 ( 1 ) 45 - 61  2011.01

     View Summary

    This paper explores the process through which children sort out the relations among verbs belonging to the same semantic domain. Using a set of Chinese verbs denoting a range of action events that are labeled by carrying or holding in English as a test case, we looked at how Chinese-speaking 3-, 5-, and 7-year-olds and adults apply 13 different verbs to a range of carrying/holding events. We asked how children learning Chinese originally divide and label the semantic space in this domain, how they discover the boundaries between different words, and how the meanings of verbs in the domain as a whole evolve toward the representations of adults. We also addressed the question of what factors make verb meaning acquisition easy or hard. Results showed that the pattern of children's verb use is largely different from that of adults and that it takes a long time for children to be able to use all verbs in this domain in the way adults do. We also found that children start to use broad-covering and frequent verbs the earliest, but use of these verbs tends to converge on adult use more slowly because children could not use these verbs as adults did until they had identified boundaries between these verbs and other near-synonyms with more specific meanings. This research highlights the importance of systematic investigation of words that belong to the same domain as a whole, examining how word meanings in a domain develop as parts of a connected system, instead of examining each word on its own: learning the meaning of a verb invites restructuring of the meanings of related, neighboring verbs. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

    DOI PubMed

    Scopus

    60
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • L2 習得における類義語の使い分けの学習:複数のことばの意味関係理解の定量的可視化の試み

    佐治伸郎, 梶田祐次, 今井むつみ

    Second Language   9   83 - 100  2010

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Books and Other Publications

  • ことばの学習のパラドックス

    今井, むつみ( Part: Other, 解説記事)

    筑摩書房  2024.04 ISBN: 9784480512376

  • 刺激の貧困問題を通してみる生得論と経験論(科学2024年4月号【連載】人間の言語能力とは何か−生成文法からの問い5)

    佐治伸郎

    2024.03

  • 未来社会と「意味」の境界: 記号創発システム論/ネオ・サイバネティクス/プラグマティズム

    谷口, 忠大, 河島, 茂生, 井上, 明人(子どもとロボットの発達:生命情報から社会情報へ)

    勁草書房  2023.08 ISBN: 4326603607

    ASIN

  • クオリアと言語(科学2023年6月号特集【意識とクオリアの科学は可能か】)

    佐治伸郎( Part: Sole author)

    岩波書店  2023.05

  • 発達172:子どものことば、再発見!

    佐治伸郎(ことばの意味を編む)

    ミネルヴァ書房  2022.11 ISBN: 4623094804

    ASIN

  • 認知科学講座1 心と身体

    佐治伸郎(言語と身体)

    東京大学出版会  2022.09 ISBN: 4130152017

    ASIN

  • 認知言語学の未来に向けて : 辻幸夫教授退職記念論文集

    菅井, 三実, 八木橋, 宏勇

    開拓社  2022.03 ISBN: 9784758923675

  • 実験認知言語学の深化

    篠原, 和子, 宇野, 良子

    ひつじ書房  2021.05 ISBN: 9784823410055

  • 認知言語学と談話機能言語学の有機的接点 : 用法基盤モデルに基づく新展開

    中山, 俊秀, 大谷, 直輝

    ひつじ書房  2020.12 ISBN: 9784894769953

  • 信号、記号、そして言語へ : コミュニケーションが紡ぐ意味の体系

    佐治, 伸郎

    共立出版  2020.02 ISBN: 9784320094635

  • 言語と身体性

    今井, むつみ, 佐治, 伸郎, 山崎, 由美子(生物心理学), 浅野, 倫子, 渡邊, 淳司, 大槻, 美佳, 松井, 智子, 喜多, 壮太郎, 安西, 祐一郎, 岡田, 浩之, 橋本, 敬, 増田, 貴彦

    岩波書店  2014.07 ISBN: 9784000113717

  • オノマトペ研究の射程 : 近づく音と意味

    篠原, 和子, 宇野, 良子(語意習得における類像性の効果の検討―親の発話と子どもの理解の観点から)

    ひつじ書房  2013.04 ISBN: 9784894765962

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Research Projects

  • Qualia Structure: Establishing super-interdisciplinary research program to bridge a gap between subjective conscious experience and scientific objectivity

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2023.04
    -
    2028.03
     

  • 語意の分析的特性はどのように生まれるか:記号コミュニケーション発達の視点から

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業

    Project Year :

    2021.04
    -
    2026.03
     

    佐治 伸郎

     View Summary

    2021年度は,子どもの動詞及び動作に関するジェスチャー産出の傾向を調査するための動画刺激作成を目標としていた.進捗としては,実験刺激となる動作の候補の選定を行い,これに基づき30のパイロット動画を作成した.2022年度は引き続き,大人に対する評価実験を行うことにより最終的な実験に用いる動画を決定する予定である.また,大人に対する評価実験の結果を見て、必要に応じて追加の刺激動画の作成を行う.
    2021年度の具体的な成果としては,本研究が対象とする言語習得領域の研究動向について,予備調査の結果をまとめ発表した.具体的には,言語習得における身体性の効果について章論文の執筆及び学会発表を行なった.さらに,継続的に行なっていた言語とジェスチャーの関係に関する予備調査の成果を論文にまとめた.この成果は研究実施者が編集に関わる論文集論文として2022年度中に出版予定である.
    また,本研究課題は18K12382の継続課題にあたるため,18K12382の成果である研究論文の執筆・投稿を引き続き行なった.具体的には,中国語を母語とする日本語学習者における切る/壊す動作に対する動詞の習得過程を調査した研究成果については現在論文を作成,投稿し,査読中である.同様に英語児を対象とした色語彙の習得過程を調査した研究成果も,現在査読中である.また,ドイツ語を母語とする子どもの色語彙の習得過程を調査した研究成果に関しては,現在論文を準備中であるが,2022年度前半に投稿予定である.

  • 音象徴進化仮説ー普遍性から言語個別性、身体性から抽象性・体系性へ

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2025.03
     

    今井 むつみ, 大槻 美佳, 生田目 美紀, 秋田 喜美, 佐治 伸郎

  • Semantic systems emerge from social interaction: The effect of shared-intentionality on semantic reorganization process.

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2022.03
     

    Saji Noburo

     View Summary

    The current study investigated whether the children’s use of symbols (i.e., iconic gestures or linguistic expressions) depends on the communicative situations. In the experiment, we observed the use of symbols by children in the following conditions:1)the objects children saw was also seen by the experimenter; 2) the objects children saw was NOT seen by the experimenter. The results showed that children used iconic gestures when they did not share the information with their social partners, whereas they used more linguistic expressions in the case they have to inform complicated features of objects to their partners.

  • Depth of Vocabulary Knowledge of JSL children and its relation to academic and inference skills: From the Perspective of Cognitive Science

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2017.04
    -
    2021.03
     

    NAKAISHI Yuko

     View Summary

    Our study group has been working on research to reveal how children learn words as a system. In this project, we have examined the following points: (1) to observe how the difference of verbs in the same domain is acquired by Japanese and Chinese L1 children; (2) to observe the production of verbs in the same domains, the usage of time and space words by JSL children.
    Individual differences are found in the vocabulary knowledge of JSL children. We also found that the correct use of verbs in the same domain is difficult not only for JSL children but also even for L1 children in their younger stage. Picture cards were designed to manipulate synonyms based on our research findings and handed to the school teachers and supporters in several areas in Japan. . In 2021, we are working to develop the assessment materials “KOTOBA NO TATSUJIN”, with which school teachers and supporters can observe the Japanese skills of JSL children easily focusing on the depth of their vocabulary knowledge.

  • Why linguistic symbols should and should not be arbitrary: An integrative account from language evolution, acquisition, and brain functions.

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2016.04
    -
    2021.03
     

    IMAI Mutsumi

     View Summary

    Uncovering the relation between form and meaning of words is important for understanding the nature and evolution of language. Form and meaning of words are associated not only by language-specific arbitrary conventions, but also by an intrinsic link, called sound symbolism, which reflects perceived resemblance between sound and properties of referents. Does one need to be able to hear sound to detect sound symbolism? Here, we show that one does not need to. Deaf-and-Hard-of-Hearing (DHH) participants, even those with profound hearing loss, could judge the sound symbolic match between shapes and words in the same way as hearing participants do, as long as DHH participants could move their tongue freely. This indicates that they detected sound symbolism via inherent resemblance between articulatory movements and shapes. This further suggests that linguistic symbols can emerge through iconic mapping between oral gesture and sensory experience of the world.

  • Constructing a semantic system: how do children update the semantic knowledge in communication with others

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2019.03
     

    Saji Noburo

     View Summary

    This project examined how 3 to 6-years-old children learn the relationships between synonym verbs in the same semantic domain. The aim of this project was two-folds: 1) how children find the criteria to delineate the boundaries of synonym verb meaning. 2) how children understand the meanings of newly-learned words in relation to the meanings of words they already know. The series of results in general indicated that young children are sensitive to communicative demand of others, and this affects the process of organization process of lexical development.

  • The structure and characteristics of the improvised narratives in the interaction between a care-taker and his/her child

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2018.03
     

    OHBA Masato

     View Summary

    When care-takers talk to their own children on a reference target, the target is not always guaranteed to be stable in front of them (e.g. A rainbow disappears. Or a bird will be gone.) If the target is salient in the situation, "Resonance" is a remarkable form in the care-takers' speech for early stage of children. If the target is not stable or salient, they use a cue or trace of the target for the association or the imagination for the target.

  • 子どもの意味から大人の意味へ:複数語の関係理解に基づく意味の再編成過程のモデル化

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業

    Project Year :

    2011
    -
    2013
     

    佐治 伸郎

     View Summary

    平成25年度は, 1. 第一言語習得における動詞の使い分けの研究, 2. 言語普遍的/個別的音象徴構造に関する研究, 3. 前年度までにデータ収集及び分析を行った養育者の子どもに対する語りかけの研究の成果公開の三点を中心に研究を展開した. 1. に関しては, 前年度からデータを収集していた第一言語習得における動詞語意の意味関係の推論方略, 及びその推論方略の結果として出来上がる子どもの語彙体系構築過程に関する実験, データ収集を完了した. この成果の一部は2013年のSociety of Research for Child Developmentの大会において発表され, 各国の研究者と意見交換をすることが出来た. 現在さらにデータの分析を進め, 論文投稿を準備中である。更に2. に関しても, 前年度から取り組んでいた日本語と英語の人の動きに関する音象徴語の共通点, 相違点を実験的に調査したデータの分析を完了した. この研究は論文としてまとめられ, 2013年度, 認知科学における世界最大の学会であり, 非常に採択率の低いCogsci2013の口頭発表に採択された. 8月にドイツのフンボルト大学で行われた研究発表では, 音象徴を専門とする様々な研究者と活発な意見交換を行うことが出来た. また3. に関して, 2013年度は, 養育者が子どもにかける音象徴語の使い方がどのように変化するのか, これまで実験的にデータを収集した研究成果を「オノマトペ研究の射程」(大修館書店)として書籍の形でまとめ, 一般に公開した. また, 更に「身体と言語」(岩波書店)においても, この研究の成果を中心に紹介し, 養育者と子どものコミュニケーションの近年の研究動向について議論した.

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Misc

  • 蒲鉾の利用実態調査に基づく新商品・レシピ提案,および香気成分分析に関する研究

    河内公恵, 山口真由, 佐治伸郎, 牧田知江子

    鎌倉女子大学学術研究所報   22  2022

    J-GLOBAL

  • 蒲鉾の利用実態調査に基づく新商品・レシピ提案,および香気成分分析に関する研究

    河内公恵, 山口真由, 佐治伸郎, 牧田知江子

    鎌倉女子大学学術研究所報   21  2021

    J-GLOBAL

  • 意味の共有感覚と記号接地問題

    佐治伸郎

    日本認知科学会大会発表論文集(CD-ROM)   35th  2018

    J-GLOBAL

  • 記号の意味はシステムの中で生まれる

    今井むつみ, 佐治伸郎, 浅野倫子, 大石みどり, 岡田浩之

    人工知能学会全国大会論文集(CD-ROM)   29th  2015

    J-GLOBAL

  • 子どもの色語の獲得過程

    大石みどり, 佐治伸郎, 浅野倫子, 今井むつみ

    日本認知科学会大会発表論文集(CD-ROM)   31st  2014

    J-GLOBAL

  • The Development of Linguistic Cues for Event-Verb Mapping in Japanese Children

    坂本杏子, 佐治伸郎, 佐治伸郎, 今井むつみ, 酒井弘

    電子情報通信学会技術研究報告   113 ( 174(TL2013 14-40) )  2013

    J-GLOBAL

  • オノマトペと音象徴

    篠原和子, 平田佐智子, 佐治伸郎, 秋田喜美, 秋田喜美, 宇野良子, 井上加寿子

    日本認知科学会大会発表論文集(CD-ROM)   27th  2010

    J-GLOBAL

  • 言語獲得における意味の再編成過程に言語が与える影響に関する研究

    佐治伸郎, 今井むつみ

    日本認知科学会大会発表論文集(CD-ROM)   26th  2009

    J-GLOBAL

  • 慣用的に組み合わされる助詞,用言句のパターン分析による,名詞の意味情報抽出に関する研究

    山沢美由起, 佐治伸郎, 稲葉陽子, 深谷昌弘

    情報処理学会全国大会講演論文集   65th ( 2 )  2003

    J-GLOBAL

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Syllabus

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Sub-affiliation

  • Faculty of Human Sciences   School of Human Sciences (Online Degree Program)

  • Faculty of Human Sciences   Graduate School of Human Sciences