Updated on 2022/07/02

写真a

 
MURATA, Kumiko
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences
Job title
Professor Emeritus

Education

  •  
    -
    1990

    Institute of Education University of London   Teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages   Applied Linguistics Teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages  

  •  
    -
    1975

    Tsuda College   Faculty of Arts and Science   Department of English Language and Literature  

Degree

  • 1992.01   ロンドン大学   応用言語学博士

  • 1992.01   University of London   PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

  • University of London   MA (Master of Arts)

  • ロンドン大学   英語教育学修士

Research Experience

  • 1995
    -
     

    School of Education, Waseda University

  • 1991
    -
    1995

    National University of Toyama, Lecturer(part-time)

  • 1990
    -
    1995

    Department of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Toyama Prefectural University, Associate Professor

  • 1987
    -
    1990

    External Service Department, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Instructor(part-time)

  • 1987
    -
     

    The Department of the Language and Culture of the Far East, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Language Assistant

Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    Asia TEFL

  •  
     
     

    IATEFL(International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language)

  •  
     
     

    AAAL(The American Association for Applied Linguistics)

  •  
     
     

    TESOL(Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages)

  •  
     
     

    BAAL(The British Association for Applied Linguistics)

  •  
     
     

    大学英語教育学会(JACET)

  •  
     
     

    IPrA(International Pragmatics Association)

▼display all

 

Research Areas

  • Linguistics

  • Foreign language education

Research Interests

  • Applied Linguistics,Discoure Analysis, Conversation Analysis, Pragmatics, Language Teaching, Sociolinguistics, ELF, EMI

Papers

  • 「バイリンガル/多言語環境の中での(共通語として の)英語(ELF)を媒介とした教育(MI/E)」

    村田久美子

    『母語・継承語・バイ リンガル教育(MHB)学会 紀要』   16   1 - 23  2020.05  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • EMI(英語を媒介とする 授業)参加に伴う学生の意識変化と「共通語としての英語」使用に対するビジ ネスピープルの世代間の意識差の調査、及び英語教育への示唆と提言.

    村田久美子, 小中原麻友, 飯野公一, 豊島 昇

    『早田 教育評論』   33 ( 1 ) 19 - 38  2019.03  [Refereed]

  • The realities of the use of English in the globalised world and the teaching of English: a discrepancy?

    Murata, K

    JACET Journal   63   7 - 26  2019.01

  • EMI(英語を媒介とする授業)とビジネス現場における「共通語としての英語」への意識調査、および英語教育への提言.

    村田久美子, 小中原麻友, 飯野公一, 豊島 昇

    早田教育評論   32 ( 1 ) 55 - 75  2018  [Refereed]

  • EMI(英語を媒介とする授業)における「共 通語としての英語」の使用の現状把握と意識調査、および英語教育への提言.

    村田久美子, 飯野公一, 小中原麻友

      31 ( 1 ) 21 - 38  2017.03  [Refereed]

  • EMI(英語を媒介とする授業)における「共 通語としての英語」の使用の現状把握と意識調査、および英語教育への提言.

    村田久美子, 飯野公一, 小中原麻友

    早田教育評論   31 ( 1 ) 21 - 38  2017  [Refereed]

  • English as a Lingua Franca in the International University: The Politics of Academic English Language Policy

    Kumiko Murata

    ELT JOURNAL   68 ( 2 ) 205 - 207  2014.04  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Voices from the unvoiced: a comparative study of hidden values and attitudes in opinion-giving

    Kumiko Murata

    LANGUAGE AND INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION   11 ( 1 ) 6 - 25  2011  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper explores difficulties students may experience in giving opinions in class, drawing on data gleaned from the administration of questionnaires and interviews to Japanese and British students. The results show that the students from both groups regard highly of giving and exchanging opinions in class; however, there is a marked difference in their confidence in doing so, more Japanese students stating that they have difficulties even in their mother tongue situations than the British. The paper examines the background to these difficulties, drawing from detailed studies of the students' own accounts, comparing and contrasting them.

    DOI

  • 「批判的談話分析で読み解くメデイア言説」

    村田 久美子

    月刊『言語』   36 ( 12 ) 60 - 67  2007.12  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Pro- and anti-whaling discourses in British and Japanese newspaper reports in comparison: a cross-cultural perspective

    Kumiko Murata

    DISCOURSE & SOCIETY   18 ( 6 ) 741 - 764  2007.11  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article compares and contrasts the discourse of whaling in British and Japanese newspaper reports. It investigates the ways in which pro- and anti-whaling discourses are formulated in the press by examining, in particular, the following features: (1) the use of specific lexis and syntactic structures, (2) the use of rhetorical devices, and (3) the control and organization of information at a discourse level. The article claims that British and Japanese news reports use very different strategies in expressing their anti- and pro- whaling stances; the former tend to use a more emotive and provocative tone, whereas the latter use a more restrained and factual tone. The article also claims that the issue of whaling tends to be discussed under different cultural assumptions and values in the respective discourses; and thus, suggests the possibility that readers may be influenced by the cumulative effects of these different discourses.

    DOI

  • Unanswered questions: Cultural assumptions in text interpretation

    Kumiko Murata

    International Journal of Applied Linguistics   17 ( 1 ) 38 - 59  2007.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article investigates the role of cultural assumptions in text interpretation by focusing on readers' perspectives, a focus which has been lacking in Critical Discourse analytic approaches. It examines the influence of cultural assumptions by administering a reading comprehension questionnaire to two different cultural groups, Japanese and non-Japanese. The results show the complex nature of readers' text interpretation in that the respondents were influenced by the interaction of their cultural assumptions, prior knowledge and co-textual information in interpreting a text. This points to the need for Critical Discourse Analysis to recognise variability in interpretation more and how this is affected also by cultural factors. The article then discusses possible implications of the findings for language pedagogy. © The Author Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

    DOI

  • Review of Guy Cook's Genetically Modified Language

    MURATA, Kumiko

    International Journal of Applied Linguistics   15 ( 3 ) 399 - 402  2005.11  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Review of Myra Macdonald's Exploring Media Discourse

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Language in Society   34 ( 3 ) 477 - 481  2005.03  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Review of Genetically Modified Language by Guy Cook

    Murata, K

    International Journal of Applied Linguistics   15 ( 3 ) 399 - 402  2005  [Refereed]

  • News Discourse and Its Influence on Readers.

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Journal of Asia TEFL   1 ( 1 ) 243 - 266  2004  [Refereed]

  • Review of H. Itakura's Conversational Dominance and Gender: A Study of Japanese Speakers in First and Second Language Contexts

    Murata, K

    Journal of Pragmatics   35 ( 6 ) 937 - 942  2003  [Refereed]

  • An exploration into the discourses of cod fishing and whaling and its implications for language pedagogy

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Academic Studies&lt (学術研究)   51   59 - 73  2003  [Refereed]

  • Interpreting a speech Act of Apology: A Problem of Uptake

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Academic Studies (学術研究)   50   1 - 15  2002  [Refereed]

  • Harpooned': An Analysis of the News Discourse of Whaling from Discourse Analytical and Intercultural Perspective

    MURATA, Kumiko

    早稲田大学大学院教育学研究科紀要   12   39 - 52  2002  [Refereed]

  • ニュース報道に見る発話行為謝罪の解釈 : ディコース・プラグマティンクスの視点より

    村田 久美子

    横浜「言語と人間」会報   /32  2000  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Courses and Discourses : Teaching Applied Linguistics

    MURATA, Kumiko

    JACET Newsletter   /120   15 - 16  1999  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Has he apologized or not ? : A cross-cultural misunderstanding between the UK and Japan on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of VJ Day in Britain.

    MURATA, Kumiko

    PRAGMATICS International Pragmatics Association   8 ( 4 ) 501 - 513  1998.12  [Refereed]

  • A Study of Clarification Insertion Sequences and Its Implications for Language Pedagogy

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Academic Studies 学術研究   46   43 - 51  1998.02  [Refereed]

  • Review of Joanna Channel's <U>vague Language.</U>

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Language Practice, BBC English Magazine/ BBC English   16 ( 123 )  1997.05  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Review of Vague Language by Joanna Channel, Language Practice

    Murata, K

    BBC English Magazine,   16 ( 123 )  1997  [Refereed]

  • Review of Jenny Thomas's <U>Meaning in Interaction:An introduction to Pragmatics</U>

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Language Practice, BBC English Magazine/ BBC English   15 ( 118 ) 21  1996.11  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Pragmatics and applied linguistics - what's the connection?: From the perspective of conversational interaction

    MURATA, Kumiko

    JAAL Bulletin/大学英語教育学会   9   9 - 10  1995.04  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Repetitions: a cross‐cultural study

    KUMIKO MURATA

    World Englishes   14 ( 3 ) 343 - 356  1995  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    ABSTRACT: This paper investigates how one feature of conversational style ‐ repetition ‐ is utilized within the system of turn‐taking cross‐culturally, examining and classifying the immediate repetitions utilized at topic and subtopic boundaries of three different types of interactions: NSE‐NSE (native speakers of British English), NSJ‐NSJ (native speakers of Japanese), and NSE‐JSE (Japanese speakers of English). Five interactional functions of repetition are identified: interruption‐oriented, solidarity, silence‐avoidance, hesitation, and reformulation repetitions. It is noted that the frequency of the use of different types of repetition varies across cultures, some being exclusively confined either to English or Japanese interactions. It is argued that the differences in the use of repetitions are closely related to the differences in the turn‐taking mechanism of English and Japanese interactions and also to the socio‐cultural values attached to their use. Copyright © 1995, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

    DOI

  • INTRUSIVE OR COOPERATIVE - A CROSS-CULTURAL-STUDY OF INTERRUPTION

    K MURATA

    JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS   21 ( 4 ) 385 - 400  1994.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper highlights how interruptions are used within the system of turn-taking, referring to the rules of turn-taking set out by Sacks et al. (1974), and classifying the kinds of interruption used by conversational participants. I classify interruption into two main types: co-operative and intrusive. Intrusive interruption is further divided into three types: topic-changing, floor-taking, and disagreement interruptions. The occurrence of these different types of interruption is examined in the data from three different interactions; NSE-NSE (Native Speakers of English), NSJ-NSJ (Native Speakers of Japanese), and NSE-JSE (Japanese Speakers of English) interactions. It is noted that the frequency of the use of the different types of interruption varies across cultures. Furthermore, this paper discusses interruption from the perspective of the sociocultural values attached to its use.

  • A Cross-Cultural Study of Conversational Style and Its Implications for Pedagogy

    MURATA, Kumiko

    JAAL Bulletin   /8   11 - 12  1994  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Review of Roberts, C. , Davies, E. , and Jupp, T's Language and Discrimination

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Practical English Teaching   13 ( 4 ) 77  1993  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Communicative Competence and Capacity : What's the Difference? …A Critical Review

    MURATA, Kumiko

    JACET Bulletin   24   121 - 137  1993  [Refereed]

  • A Critical Review of Uarious Approaches to Pragmatics - From the Perspective of Cross-Cultiral Conversational Interaction

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Bulletin of Toyama Prefectural University   3   78 - 88  1993  [Refereed]

  • Review of Debrah Tannen's You Just Don't Understand : Women and men in conversation

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Practical English Teaching   12 ( 4 ) 75 - 1992  1992  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • A Cross-Cultural Approach to the Analysis of Conversation and Its Implications for Language Pedagogy

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Institute of Education, University of London    1992  [Refereed]

  • Cross-Cultural Communication and Conversational Style : A Case of Interruption

    MURATA, Kumiko

    JACET Bulletin   /22   35 - 53  1991  [Refereed]

  • An Analysis of the Difficulties of Japanese Learners in Conversational English and its Implications for the Design of a Problem-Solving Methodology

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Institute of Education, University of London    1986  [Refereed]

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Books and Other Publications

  • ELF Research Methods and Approaches to Data and Analyses: theoretical and methodological underpinnings.

    Murata, K (ed.)

    Routledge  2020.07

  • Realities of EMI practices among multilingual students in a Japanese university. In J. Jenkins;A.Mauranen;Linguistic diversity in international universities, 149-171

    Murata, K, Iino, M, Konakahara(pp.149-171)

    Routledge  2019

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca), Vol. 8

    Murata, K, T. Ishikawa, M. Konakahara (eds.)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2019

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca), Volume 7

    Murata, K, T. Ishikawa, M. Konakahara( Part: Joint editor)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2018

  • English-Medium Instruction from an English as a Lingua Franca Perspective: Exploring the higher education context.

    Murata, Kumiko( Part: Edit)

    Routledge  2018

  • Introduction: ELF and Assessment.

    Murata, K, T. Ishikawa, M. Konakahara( Part: Joint author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2018

  • Exploring EMI in higher education from an ELF perspective: Introduction. In K. Murata (ed.) English-Medium Instruction from an English as a Lingua Franca Perspective: Exploring the higher education context.

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    Routledge  2018

  • ‘English’-medium instruction in a Japanese university: exploring students’ and lecturers’ voices from an ELF perspective. In K. Murata (ed.) English-Medium Instruction from an English as a Lingua Franca Perspective: Exploring the higher education context, 157-175.

    Konakahara, M, K. Murata, M. Iino( Part: Joint author)

    Routledge  2018

  • EMI in higher education: An ELF perspective. In Jenkins, J., W. Baker, and M. Dewey. (eds.). The Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca, 400-412

    Murata, K, M. Iino( Part: Joint author)

    Routledge  2018

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca), Vol. 6

    Murata, K, M. Konakahara( Part: Joint editor)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2017

  • Introduction: Written ELF for Academic Purposes and ELF Research beyond Academic to Business and Workplace Settings – Attitudes, Interaction, and Case Studies.

    Murata, K, M. Konakahara( Part: Joint author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2017

  • From Academic to Business Settings: Changes of Attitudes towards and Opinions about ELF.

    Konakahara, M, K. Murata, M. Iino( Part: Joint author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2017

  • 「EMIと英語への学生・教員の意識調査―ELFの視座よりー」早稲田大学教育総合研究所監修 『英語で教科内容や専門を学ぶ』

    村田久美子, 小中原麻友( Part: Joint author)

    学文社  2017

  • ELF research – Its impact on language education inJapan and East Asia. In M-L.Pitzl & R. Osimk-Teasdale (eds.), English as a Lingua Franca: Perspectives and Prospects. Contributions in Honour of Barbara Seidlhofer.

    MURATA, Kumiko( Part: Sole author)

    De Gruyter.  2016.06

  • Exploring ELF in Japanese Academic and Business Contexts: Conceptualization, research and pedagogic implications.

    Murata, K( Part: Edit)

    Routledge  2016

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca) Vol. 5

    Murata, K( Part: Edit)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2016

  • ELF research – Its impact on language education inJapan and East Asia. In M-L.Pitzl & R. Osimk-Teasdale (eds.), English as a Lingua Franca: Perspectives and Prospects. Contributions in Honour of Barbara Seidlhofer.

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    De Gruyter.  2016

  • Introduction: ELF Research, Corpora and Different Approaches to Data.

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group.  2016

  • Introduction: Researching ELF in academic and business contexts. In Murata, K. (ed.) Exploring ELF in Japanese Academic and Business Contexts: Conceptualization, research and pedagogic implications.

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    Routledge  2016

  • Dynamics of ELF communication in an English-medium academic context in Japan from EFL learners to ELF users’. In Murata, K. (ed.) Exploring ELF in Japanese Academic and Business Contexts: Conceptualization, research and pedagogic implications.

    Iino, Masakazu, MURATA, Kumiko( Part: Joint author)

    Routledge  2015.07

  • Exploring ELF in Japanese Academic and Business Contexts: Conceptualization, research and pedagogic implications.

    MURATA, Kumiko( Part: Edit)

    Routledge  2015.07

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca), Vol. 4

    MURATA, Kumiko( Part: Edit)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2015.06

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca) Vol. 4

    Murata, K( Part: Edit)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2015

  • Introduction: Furthering ELF research in academic and business contexts

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group.  2015

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca), Vol. 3

    MURATA, Kumiko( Part: Edit)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2014.06

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca) Vol/ 3

    Murata, K( Part: Edit)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2014

  • Introduction: Researching ELF in higher education and business contexts

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2014

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca), Vol. 2

    MURATA, Kumiko( Part: Edit)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2013.06

  • Introduction: Researching ELF in Academic Contexts

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2013

  • ‘We are jun-Japa’- Dynamics of ELF communication in an English medium academic context

    Murata, K. (With, Masakazu Iino( Part: Joint author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2013

  • Waseda Working Papers in ELF(English as a Lingua Franca), Vol. 1

    MURATA, Kumiko( Part: Edit)

    Waseda ELF Research Group  2012.06

  • Introduction ‘Reconsidering Research Paradigms from an ELF Perspective

    Murata, K( Part: Sole author)

    Waseda ELF Research Group.  2012

  • Don’t you have opinions? : Changing values/attitudes in giving opinions. In 生井健一・深田嘉昭編著『言語・文化・教育の融合を目指して:国際的、学際的研究の視座から』pp.132-147.

    開拓社  2009.11

  • Global Englishes in Asian Contexts: Current and Future Debates

    Murata, Kumiko, Jennifer Jenkins

    Palgrave Macmillan  2009.05

  • Introduction: Global Englishes from Global Perspectives.

    Murata, K, With Jennifer Jenkin( Part: Joint author)

    Palgrave Macmillan  2009

  • 『コミュニケーション能力育成再考—その理論と実践』

    村田久美子, 原田哲男編著

    ひつじ書房  2008.03

  • The discourses of pro- and anti-whaling in British and Japanese news editorials: a comparative cultural perspective. In Garzone, G. and C. Ilie, (eds.) The use of English in institutional and business settings: An intercultural perspective. In the series Linguistic Insights: Studies in Language and Communication. pp.147-175.

    MURATA,Kumiko

    Peter Lang 1  2007.10

  • A cross-cultural study of insertion sequences : English and Japanese. In Insights 1, pp. 45-51.

    MURATA,Kumiko

    IATEFL、UK  1996

  • A Cross-Cultural Approach to the Analysis of Conversation and Its Implications for Language Pedagogy

    MURATA, Kumiko

    Liber Press  1994

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Works

  • Communicative Language Teaching in a Large, Mixed-Ability Class through Information Transfer'

    1986
    -
     

  • Teacher Talk : Its relevance to language teaching classrooms'

    1986
    -
     

  • Error Analysis in the Use of Articles'

    1981
    -
     

Awards

  • 大学英語教育学会(JACET)学術出版賞

    2017.08  

  • 大学英語教育学会(JACET)学術出版賞

    2010.09  

Research Projects

  • Research on the realities of the use of ELF in multilingual business settings and implications for the development of global human resources

    Project Year :

    2019.04
    -
    2023.03
     

  • An investigation into the use of ELF in business and academic settings and its implications for English education of future global citizens

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2019.03
     

  • The Use of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) in Academic and Business Contexts in Japan – An analysis of its use and implications for language education

    Project Year :

    2011.04
    -
    2015.03
     

     View Summary

    The contribution of the current research is classfied into the following three:① the deepening of understanding of the concept of English as a lingua franca (ELF) ② detailed description and understanding of the use of ELF in actual situations and ③ heightening awareness of the use of ELF and impliacations for language pedagogy. The first has been mainly achieved by holding various workshops and publishing working papers based on them. The second has been made possible by collecting and analysing various types of data from diverse ELF users in their use of ELF and by showing how cooperatively and successfully they achieve their communicative needs. Thirdly, disseminating these results and their implications by way of conference presentations and publications has contributed to heightening the awarness of people about ELF and to furthering pedagogical implications

  • The development of international cyber courses to foster International Liberal Arts, and expressive power in English with on-demand Internet courses

     View Summary

    We have developed cross-cultural distance learning courses based on the notion of International Liberal Arts. Our research efforts established 90 on-demand courses which deal with our current issues in the world : climate change, politics and metaphors, safety of food, Asian Identity, gender issues, co-existence in Asia, etc. We have established our teaching methods on successfuldiscussion in English and how to write persuasive discourse in English, especially for Japanese learners of English at the university level. These methods were reported in CCDL Research Reports (CD-ROM) in five volumes as well as CCDL Teachers' Manual and Case studies (2006). Annually, we held International Student Seminars among Asian users of English and we held the seminars recently twice a year in which our students demonstrated the merits of our educational approaches. These activities were financially assisted by Digital Campus Consortium which was initiated by Waseda University and which has been supported by major industries in Japan.The recommended cyber courses includes the following class-room procedures : (1) the students in Asia study on-demand course materials, (2) they write their comments and questions in English on BBS, (3) our mentors who were trained as interns help the learners understand lecture contents distributed via the Internet, (4) they discuss a given topic on International Liberal arts, using ICT (video-conferencing system and oral chatting system) and (5) the students reflect their progress concerning the on-demand contents and their expressive power in English, by reviewing DVDs which were recorded during their cyber sessions.We have also tried to show research evidence about our teaching methods, by looking into how to test their progress in oral English, how to evaluate their progress in writing, and how to deal with individual differences such as learning styles, learning strategies, learning preferences, class-room anxiety, speech anxiety and motivations. The oral test of English for the sake of Asian users of English includes word-per minutes, the frequency and length of pauses, type-token ratio, vocabulary levels, inter-stress time intervals and acoustic measurements. This is going to be developed as an automatic assessment system. We have also established automatic assessment of Individual Differences as an additional outcome of our research efforts

  • A Comparative Study of English and Japanese News Discourse - A Cross-Cultural Perspective

     View Summary

    This paper reports the result of research entitled 'A Comparative Study of English and Japanese New Discourse - A Cross-Cultural Perspective', which was conducted with the support of the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (No.15520374) in the academic years 2003-4. It investigated English and Japanese newspaper discourse from the perspective of cross-cultural communication and understanding. In so doing, the paper focused specifically on the topic of whaling, which is culturally loaded and thus relevant to the purpose of the investigation.After a general introduction to the research in Chapter 1,Chapter 2 discusses theoretical backgrounds to the study, including Critical Discourse Analysis(CDA), which is currently very influential in the analysis of news discourse. Chapter 3 introduces actual analyses of two types of discourse; firstly, Chapter 3.1 compares and contrasts news editorials on whaling in both British and Japanese newspapers and claims that editors in the respective newspapers utilize very different strategies to persuade readers for different causes. Chapter 3.2 analyses two different types of discourse on whaling and cod-fishing in a British newspaper and reports that the treatment of the topics is drastically different depending on whether they are closely related to the country's culture and economy. Chapter 4 introduces the results of two types of questionnaires which were conducted to investigate, firstly, the perception of news editorials by readers with differing cultural assumptions and knowledge on a specific topic (4.1), and secondly, how different cultural assumptions and prior knowledge on a topic affect readers' interpretations of a text (4.2). The results have shown a clear connection between the two. Chapter 5 summarizes the study and discusses its implications for language pedagogy. The paper concludes with suggestions for further investigation

  • Exploring the Development of Studies's Ability for Self-expression with Reference to the Case of the Education in the United Kingdom

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study is to explore how education in the United Kingdom (UK) places emphasis on and encourages the development of the ability to express themselves in class and to then consider the implications of these findings for language education in Japan. We thought it an urgent necessity for Japanese students to improve this ability in the globalizing world.The results of this research are as follows.1. Through the research, it has been found that various attempts have been made by teachers at schools in Japan to improve students' self-expression ability, but they are on an individual or school basis. On the other hand, in the UK, students' self-expression ability has been nurtured through classroom interaction, positive engagement in discussion, creative tasks such as drama, and grappling with tasks that have no right answer.2. In terms of the development of speaking ability in Japan, the Course of Study for Japanese language takes a step-by-step approach considering students' developmental stage. On the other hand, the National Curriculum in the UK set up a very ambitious goal to equip pupils (5-7 years old) with basic speech skills such as speech organization and attention-getting from audience.3. From the analysis of interviews with students, it has been found that 8-year-old students in the UK use effective communication strategies such as adjacency pair, clarification request, intertextuality, and deductive response patterns. Comparison between 12-year-old Japanese and British students shows that their response patterns can be both deductive and inductive depending on the content of questions. It has been found, however, that Japanese students tend to follow more inductive patterns than British students.These are the results of our three-year research project. We plan to continue to conduct further research in this important field

  • Regeneration of news studies in the age of globalization

     View Summary

    This research pays particular attention to political reality that presented through the relationship between television news and its audience. It examines three sides, the actual condition of media using, the characteristic of news text of television, and citizen's political consciousness. In doing so, it assesses that television still influences political judgment of citizens in increase of using time of internet. And the author insists that news text which is constructed of multimodality mode sometimes plays the role of producing "fear" and "affection" of audience. It is difficult for citizen to deliberate various issues in such a media environment

  • Comparative Studies of Language Education Process in the UK and Japan in Terms of Thinking, Self-expression, and Problem-solving Ability

     View Summary

    This study analyses how student thinking and self-expression are encouraged in some British and Japanese classrooms. It also goes on to examine how entrance examinations influence language education, and a case study of a"body-expression"workshop conducted in the U. K. by a professional dancer. The findings indicate that there is a strong need for language education in Japan to play a role in helping students think and express themselves in a positive way, in order to deal with various social problems

  • An Investigation into Gender Bias in the Media and Its Critical Analysis : A contribution towards the realization of equal participation by women and men in society

     View Summary

    This research has investigated gendered discourses at home and in the media in order to promote gender equal participation at home and work and as a result also to help solve the problem of the low birth rate. The result of the investigation has clearly shown that there still exist hidden assumptions about gender fixed roles in the media and family discourses. To raise awareness in these hidden unconscious gender-biased assumptions, the researcher has presented the results at international conferences, sent an article to a newspaper and an academic paper to an international journal, and is currently preparing a couple more academic papers to be published

▼display all

Presentations

  • 「’ELF'MIで'WEと ELF'を学ぶ:学生の意識変化は?-英語教育への示唆」

    村田 久美子  [Invited]

    JACET関東支部講演会・東洋大学共催企画 

    Presentation date: 2021.03

  • 「バイリンガル/多言語環境の中での(共通語としての)英語(ELF)を 媒介とした教育(MI/E)」

    村田 久美子  [Invited]

    『母語・継承語・バイリンガル教育(MHB)大会』 

    Presentation date: 2019.08

  • ‘So what have we found and where are we heading now? : findings from and implications of an eight-year project on the use of ELF in the Japanese context’

    Murata, K

    The 8th Waseda ELF International Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2019.01

    Event date:
    2019.01
     
     
  • ‘CLIL and EMI in the Japanese context–Is clear demarcation possible? : an ELF perspective’

    Murata, K  [Invited]

    Diversity in CLIL in Plurilingual Communities of Practice 

    Presentation date: 2019.01

  • ‘Multilingual and translanguaging communication in Asian workplace settings: the role of ELF and local languages among multilingual business people in Asia’

    Murata, K, Iino, M, Konakahara, M, Terauchi, H

    The 11th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca  (London) 

    Presentation date: 2018.07

  • EMI(英語を媒介とする授業)参加に伴う学生の意識変化と「共通語としての英語」使用に対するビジネスピープルの世代間の意識差の調査、及び英語教育への示唆と提言

    村田久美子, 飯野公一, 小中原麻友, 豊島昇

    早稲田大学教育総合研究所第23回研究発表会  (東京) 

    Presentation date: 2018.01

  • Changing attitudes through ELF experience in business and EMI settings

    Murata, Kumiko, Iino, Masakazu, Konakahara, Mayu, Toyoshima, Noboru

    the 3rd EMI-ELF Workshop  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2017.11

  • ELF Research in the Japanese context and its implications for language pedagogy

    Murata, K

    The Convention Plenary Symposium 1  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2017.08

  • The realities of the use of English in the globalised world and the teaching of English: a discrepancy?

    Murata, K

    the 44th JACET Summer Seminar  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2017.08

  • Introducing an ELF perspective in language policy and practice: an epistemological challenge

    Murata, K, M. Iino

    The World Congress of Applied Linguistics 2017  (Rio de Janeiro) 

    Presentation date: 2017.07

  • ‘E’MI から ‘ELF’MIへ-パラダイムの転換? ー From ‘E’MI to ‘ELF’MI – A paradigm shift?

    Murata, K

    JACET関東支部大会全体シンポジウム招待発表  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2017.07

  • ELF (English as a Lingua Franca) research in business and workplace settings

    Murata, K

    The Business and Intercultural Negotiation Conference organized by JALT Business Communication SIG  (Osaka) 

    Presentation date: 2017.07

  • Changing attitudes towards the use of English in business settings among young business people: a generation and educational gap?

    Konakahara, M, Murata, K, Iino, M

    The 10th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca  (Helsinki) 

    Presentation date: 2017.06

  • The development of ELF research, its future and pedagogic implications’. Paper presented at the invited colloquium ‘ELF in Prospect. Where do we go from here?

    Murata, K

    The 10th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca  (Helsinki) 

    Presentation date: 2017.06

  • Realities of EMI practices among multilingual students’. Paper presented at the Plenary Invited Colloquium ‘After all that, what do we know – and what do we still need to know? Findings from “Linguistic diversity on the international campus

    Murata ,K, Iino, M, Konakahara, M

    The 10th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca  (Helsinki) 

    Presentation date: 2017.06

  • ELF Research from global and local perspectives: a case of Japan

    Murata, K

    2017 AAAL Annual Conference  (Portland, Oregon) 

    Presentation date: 2017.03

  • ELF Experience in EMI and Business Settings: Changes of Attitudes towards ELF

    Murata, Kumiko, Iino, Masakazu, Konakahara, Mayu, Toyoshima, Noboru

    the 2nd EMI-ELF Workshop  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2017.02

  • 「共通語としての英語(ELF) 研究の現状と教育的示唆:英語を媒介とする授業(EMI) におけるELF 使用に焦点をあてて」

    村田久美子

    大東文化大学大学院 英文学専攻 特別講義  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2017.02

  • EMI(英語を媒介とする授業)とビジネス現場における「共通語としての英語」の使用実態把握と意識調査、および英語教育への提言

    村田久美子, 飯野公一, 小中原麻友, 豊島昇

    早稲田大学教育総合研究所第22回研究発表会  (東京) 

    Presentation date: 2017.01

  • EMIの授業実践、及び「英語」使用に対する学生・教員の意識:「共通語としての英語」の視点に基づいて

    村田久美子, 小中原麻友

    早稲田大学教育総合研究所教育最前線講演会シリーズXXIV  (Toyko) 

    Presentation date: 2016.12

  • English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) A global means of communication in the globalized world: a focus on ELF in EMI (English-medium Instruction) setting.

    Murata, K

    (Niigata) 

    Presentation date: 2016.11

  • From academic to business settings: changes of attitudes towards and opinions about ELF.

    Konakahara, Mayu, Murata, Kumiko, Iino, Masakazu

    the 6th Waseda ELF International Workshop  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2016.11

  • ELF (English as a lingua franca) 研究の発展と大学英語教育への示唆

    村田久美子

    JACET 中部支部秋季定例研究会講演  (Nagoya) 

    Presentation date: 2016.10

  • ELF (English as a Lingua Franca) as a Catalyst for Re-thinking English Education

    Murata, Kumiko, Iino, Masakazu, Takino, Miyuki, McBride, Paul, Ng, Patrick

    the JACET 55th International Convention  (Sapporo) 

    Presentation date: 2016.09

  • English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) - a global means of communication in the globalized world

    Murata, K

    (Toyko) 

    Presentation date: 2016.07

  • Realities of EMI practices among multilingual students. Paper presented at the Workshop Linguistic diversity on the international campus

    Murata, Kuimiko, Iino, Masakazu, Konakahara, Mayu

    The 9th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca  (Catalonia) 

    Presentation date: 2016.06

  • From EMI to ‘ELF’MI – Against pervasive native- speakerism and norms

    Murata, K

    the Symposium for Barbara Seidlhofer  (Vienna) 

    Presentation date: 2016.06

  • English-medium instruction in a Japanese university: Exploring students and teachers’ voices from an ELF perspective.

    Murata, Kumiko, Iino, Masakazu, Mayu Konakahara

    The 1st EMI-ELF Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2016.02

  • EMI(英語を媒介とする授業)における「共通語としての英語」の使用の現状把握と意識調査、および英語教育への提言

    村田久美子, 飯野公一, 小中原麻友

    早稲田大学教育総合研究所第21回研究発表会  (東京) 

    Presentation date: 2016.01

  • Language Policies, practices and diversity: Voices from students

    Murata, Kumiko, Iino, Masakazu

    Language Education & Diversity 2015  (Auckland) 

    Presentation date: 2015.11

  • The Politics of EMI and Approaches and Attitudes to ELF in Japanese Academic Contexts

    Murata, K

    The 8th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca  (Beijing) 

    Presentation date: 2015.08

  • What an EMI and Study Abroad Program in ELF Contexts Could Contribute to Cultivating ‘Global Human Resources’– An Exploration into Students’ Voices. In the Invited Symposium (Organizer K. Murata): The Politics of EMI and Approaches and Attitudes to ELF in

    Murata, K, Iino.M

    The 8th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca.  (Beijing) 

    Presentation date: 2015.08

  • What an EMI and Study Abroad Program in ELF Contexts Could Contribute to Cultivating ‘Global Human Resources’– An Exploration into Students’ Voices. In the Invited Symposium (Organizer K. Murata): The Politics of EMI and Approaches and Attitudes to ELF in Japanese Academic Contexts.

    Murata, K, Iino.M

    The 8th International Conference of English as a Lingua Franca.  (Beijing) 

    Presentation date: 2015.08

  • From marginality to the mainstream: evolving identities through four-year English-medium instruction and study abroad experiences

    Murata. K, Iino. M

    American Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting 2015  (Toronto) 

    Presentation date: 2015.03

  • Japanese Students’ changing views of communicative competence throught ELF experiences

    Murata. K, With Iino, Masakazu

    at the 7th ELF International Conference  (Athens) 

    Presentation date: 2014.09

  • A Journey through euphoria to marginality, and eventually to the mainstream – An ELF experience

    Murata, K, M. Iino

    the ELF 7 International Conference  (Athens) 

    Presentation date: 2014.09

  • Evolving identities and co-constructing an ELF(English as a Lingua Franca) community in an English-medium academic context

    Murata, K, With Iino, Masakazu

    Sociolinguistic Symposium 20  (Jyvaskyla) 

    Presentation date: 2014.06

  • Conflicting identities in the transitional period between EFL learners and ELF users

    Murata, K, With Iino, Masakazu

    the ELF 6 International Conference  (Rome) 

    Presentation date: 2013.09

  • Conservative academies versus practical industries: discrepancies in understanding ELF communication

    Murata, K

    the ELF 6 International Conference  (Rome) 

    Presentation date: 2013.09

  • A diachronic corpus-based analysis of the terms ‘housewife’ and ‘shufu’ in British and Japanese newspaper articles

    Murata, K, With, Tsuchiya, Keik

    CADS Conference 2012  (Bologna) 

    Presentation date: 2012.09

  • 'We are jun-Japa' -- Dynamics of ELF communication in an English medium academic context

    Murata, K, With Iino, Masakazu

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 19  (Berlin) 

    Presentation date: 2012.08

  • English as a Lingua Franca in Tokyo’s Linguistic Landscape

    Murata, K, With Backhaus

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 19  (Berlin) 

    Presentation date: 2012.08

  • A critical analysis of the hidden assumptions about the gender fixed roles in the Japanese print media

    Murata, K

    The 16h World Congress of Applied Linguistics  (Beijing) 

    Presentation date: 2011.08

  • Private Discourses about Public Discourses – Evidence from Differing Opinions on Gendered Advertisements by Three Groups of Informants

    Murata, K

    12th International Pragmatics Conference  (Manchester) 

    Presentation date: 2011.07

  • ‘Are these still acceptable?’ – A comparison of different opinions on gendered discourses by the informants from three different socio-cultural backgrounds

    Murata, K

    The American Association for Applied Linguistics 2011 Annual Conference  (Chicago) 

    Presentation date: 2011.03

  • “nori ga aru (There’s dried seaweed)” – prevalent assumptions about gender fixed roles in everyday life in Japan: A pragmatic perspective.

    Murata, K

    The 5th International Gender and Language Association Biennial Conference  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 2010.09

  • ‘A pre- or post - feminist perspective? - different perceptions of gendered advertisements by British, Japanese and Swedish interviewees

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 18 

    Presentation date: 2010.09

  • ‘”nori ga aru (There’s dried seaweed)” – prevalent assumptions about gender fixed roles in everyday life in Japan: A pragmatic perspective

    The 5th International Gender and Language Association Biennial Conference 

    Presentation date: 2010.09

  • A pre- or post - feminist perspective? - different perceptions of gendered advertisements by British, Japanese and Swedish interviewees

    Murata, K

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 18  (Southampton) 

    Presentation date: 2010.09

  • “This is a Joke” – Different Perceptions of Gendered Advertisements between British and Japanese Informants

    Murata, K

    The AAAL(American Association for Applied Linguistics) 2010 Annual Conference  (Atlanta) 

    Presentation date: 2010.03

  • ‘”This is a Joke” – Different Perceptions of Gendered Advertisements between British and Japanese Informants’

    The AAAL(American Association for Applied Linguistics) 2010 Annual Conference 

    Presentation date: 2010.03

  • Housewives and housework: hidden assumptions of the fixed gender roles in the Japanese print media

    Murata, K

    1th International Pragmatics Conference  (Melbourne) 

    Presentation date: 2009.07

  • ‘Housewives and housework: hidden assumptions of the fixed gender roles in the Japanese print media’

    11th International Pragmatics Conference, Melbourne 

    Presentation date: 2009.07

  • A Comparative Study of Giving Opinions in Class

    Murata, K

    The 15h World Congress of Applied Linguistics  (Essen) 

    Presentation date: 2008.08

  • 'A Comparative Study of Giving Opinions in Class'

    AILA, The 15h World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Essen 

    Presentation date: 2008.08

  • Exploring ideological assumptions of CDA: a crosscultural perspective

    Murata, K

    (Washington D. C.) 

    Presentation date: 2008.04

  • ‘Exploring ideological assumptions of CDA: a crosscultural perspective’

    AAAL(American Association for Applied Linguistics), Washington D. C. 

    Presentation date: 2008.04

  • Don’t you have opinions?: giving opinions in public in comparison :conflicting values and attitudes

    Murata, K

    10th International Pragmatics Conference  (Goteborg) 

    Presentation date: 2007.07

  • ‘Don’t you have opinions?: giving opinions in public in comparison :conflicting values and attitudes’

    10th International Pragmatics Conference, Goteborg 

    Presentation date: 2007.07

  • An exploration into the hidden ideological assumptions of CDA: an intercultural perspective

    Murata, K

    (Cork) 

    Presentation date: 2006.09

  • ‘An exploration into the hidden ideological assumptions of CDA: an intercultural perspective’

    BAAL(British Association for Applied Linguistics), Cork 

    Presentation date: 2006.09

  • The dilemma of being ‘critical’: an analysis of the notion of ‘criticalness’ in Critical Discourse Analysis

    Murata, K

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 16  (Limerick) 

    Presentation date: 2006.07

  • ‘The dilemma of being ‘critical’: an analysis of the notion of ‘criticalness’ in Critical Discourse Analysis’

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 16, Limerick 

    Presentation date: 2006.07

  • A Study of News Discourse and Its Implications for Language Pedagogy

    Murata, K

    3rd Asia TEFL International Conference  (Beijing) 

    Presentation date: 2005.11

  • ‘A Study of News Discourse and Its Implications for Language Pedagogy’

    3rd Asia TEFL International Conference, Beijing 

    Presentation date: 2005.11

  • A Cross-Cultural Perspective to the Analysis of News Discourse: Questioning a “critical” stance of Critical Discourse Analysis

    Murata, K

    9th International Pragmatics Conference  (Riva del Garda) 

    Presentation date: 2005.07

  • ‘A Cross-Cultural Perspective to the Analysis of News Discourse: Questioning a “critical” stance of Critical Discourse Analysis’

    9th International Pragmatics Conference, Riva del Garda 

    Presentation date: 2005.07

  • Nyusu Media no Communication: Hihanteki dannwa-bunseki no kokoromi (Communication and the News Media: a CDA perspective)

    Murata, K

    Gengo to Ningen (Language and Human) 31st Annual Spring Seminar 

    Presentation date: 2005.03

  • Cultural Assumptions and Text Interpretation

    Murata, K

    2nd Asia TEFL International Conference  (Seoul) 

    Presentation date: 2004.11

  • ‘Cultural Assumptions and Text Interpretation’

    2nd Asia TEFL International Conference, Seoul 

    Presentation date: 2004.11

  • New Discourse and Readers’Cultural Assumptions

    Murata, K

    International Conference on Language, Education and Diversity  (Hamilton) 

    Presentation date: 2003.11

  • News Discourse and Its Influence on Readers: An Intercultural Perspective

    Murata, K

    1st Asia TEFL International Conference  (Busan) 

    Presentation date: 2003.11

  • ‘New Discourse and Readers’Cultural Assumptions’

    International Conference on Language, Education and Diversity, Hamilton 

    Presentation date: 2003.11

  • 'News Discourse and Its Influence on Readers: An Intercultural Perspective’

    1st Asia TEFL International Conference, Busan 

    Presentation date: 2003.11

  • Initiating Clarification and Understanding: a study of clarification Insertion sequences in intercultural communication

    Murata, K

    13th World Congress of Applied Linguistics 

    Presentation date: 2002.12

  • “Catching”Cod, “Hunting”Foxes, But “Killing” Whales? : An exploration into the Discourses of Animal Welfare

    Murata, K

    13th World Congress of Applied Linguistics 

    Presentation date: 2002.12

  • ‘Initiating Clarification and Understanding: a study of clarification insertion sequences in intercultural communication’

    13th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Singapore 

    Presentation date: 2002.12

  • ”Catching”Cod, “Hunting”Foxes, But “Killing” Whales? : An exploration'

    13th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Singapore 

    Presentation date: 2002.12

  • An Exploration into the Critical Language Awareness of Readers

    Murata, K

    41st JACET Convention 

    Presentation date: 2002.09

  • An Exploration into the Critical Language Awareness of Readers’

    回JACET全国大会

    Presentation date: 2002.09

  • The Discourses of Ecology and Economy – Incompatible?: An exploration into the discourse resources of the North Sea cod fishing and Japanese whaling

    Murata, K

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 14  (Gent) 

    Presentation date: 2002.04

  • The Discourses of Ecology and Economy – Incompatible?: An exploration into the discourse resources of the North Sea cod fishing and Japanese whaling’

    Sociolinguistics Symposium 14, Gent 

    Presentation date: 2002.04

  • Global concerns versus local interests: an exploration into the discourse of the North Sea cod fishing and Japanese whaling – an intercultural perspective

    Murata, K

    34th British Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting  (Reading) 

    Presentation date: 2001.09

  • 'Global concerns versus local interests: an exploration into the discourse of the North Sea cod fishing and Japanese whaling – an intercultural perspective’

    34th British Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting, Reading 

    Presentation date: 2001.09

  • The discourse of anti- and pro-whaling in the British and the Japanese press: a comparative cultural perspective

    Murata, K

    Language, the Media and International Communication  (Oxford) 

    Presentation date: 2001.03

  • The discourse of anti- and pro-whaling in the British and the Japanese press:a comparative cultural perspective’

    Language, the Media and International Communication, Oxford 

    Presentation date: 2001.03

  • ‘Scientific Research’?: The Discourse on Whaling in the British Press - an intercultural perspective

    Murata, K

    (London) 

    Presentation date: 2000.11

  • The speech act of apology and its uptake

    Murata, K

    15th Mind and Activity Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2000.02

  • ‘The speech act of apology and its uptake’

    15th Mind and Activity Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2000.02

  • Nyusu houdou ni miru hatsuwa-koui ‘Shazai’ no kaishaku: Discourse-Pragmatics no shiten yori (The Interpretation of a Speech Act of Apology in a news article: From a discourse-pragmatic perspective)

    Murata, K

    25th Yokohama Gengo to Ningenn (Language and Human) Annual Meeting 

    Presentation date: 1999.12

  • Miscommunication in interpreting a speech act of apology: A problem of uptake

    Murata, K

    12th World Congress of Applied Linguistics 

    Presentation date: 1999.08

  • Teaching Applied Linguistics or Linguistics Applied: The argument revisited

    Murata, K

    12th World Congress of Applied Linguistics 

    Presentation date: 1999.08

  • Miscommunication in interpreting a speech act of apology: A problem of uptake’

    12th World Congress of Applied Linguistics (AILA) 

    Presentation date: 1999.08

  • ‘Teaching Applied Linguistics or Linguistics Applied: The argument revisited’

    12th World Congress of Applied Linguistics (AILA) 

    Presentation date: 1999.08

  • ‘Approaches to conversational data: Qualitative or quantitative?’

    回 JACET全国大会

    Presentation date: 1998.09

  • Approaches to conversational data: Qualitative or quantitative?

    Murata, K

    37th JACET Convention 

    Presentation date: 1998.08

  • The use of overlap and interruption in English and Japanese conversational interactions

    Murata, K

    5th JACET Discourse-Pragmatics Meeting 

    Presentation date: 1997.01

  • The use of overlap and interruption in English and Japanese conversational

    5th JACET Discourse-Pragmatics SIG Meeting 

    Presentation date: 1997.01

  • Some observations on communicative behavior in Japanese and English conversational interactions and the implications for language teaching

    Murata, K

    11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics 

    Presentation date: 1996.08

  • Cross-Cultural Pragmatics and Applied Linguistics: from the perspective of conversational interaction

    Murata, K

    11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics 

    Presentation date: 1996.08

  • ‘Some observations on communicative behavior in Japanese and English conversational interactions and the implications for language teaching’

    11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics (AILA) 

    Presentation date: 1996.08

  • ‘Cross-Cultural Pragmatics and Applied Linguistics: from the perspective of conversational interaction’

    11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics (AILA) 

    Presentation date: 1996.08

  • Turn-taking behavior in English and Japanese Conversation

    Murata, K

    5th International Pragmatics Conference 

    Presentation date: 1996.07

  • ‘Turn-taking behavior in English and Japanese Conversation’

    5th International Pragmatics Conference (IPrA) 

    Presentation date: 1996.07

  • Heightening awareness in conversational style differences

    Murata, K

    30th Annual Convention and Exposition of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages 

    Presentation date: 1996.03

  • Has he apologized or not? : When an apology wasn’t meant to be an apology

    Murata, K

    American Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting 

    Presentation date: 1996.03

  • ‘Heightening awareness in conversational style differences’

    30th Annual Convention and Exposition of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) 

    Presentation date: 1996.03

  • ‘Has he apologized or not? : When an apology wasn’t meant to be an apology’

    American Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting (AAAL) 

    Presentation date: 1996.03

  • Clarification insertion sequences and its effective use

    Murata, K

    34th JACET Convention 

    Presentation date: 1995.09

  • ‘Clarification insertion sequences and its effective use’

    回JACET全国大会

    Presentation date: 1995.09

  • Some observations on insertion sequences from a cross-cultural perspective

    Murata, K

    2nd International Conference on World Englishes 

    Presentation date: 1995.05

  • ‘Some observations on insertion sequences from a cross-cultural perspective’

    2nd International Conference on World Englishes 

    Presentation date: 1995.05

  • A Cross-Cultural Approach to Conversational Style Differences

    Murata, K

    JALT Kanazawa Chapter Meeting 

    Presentation date: 1995.03

  • ragmatics and Applied Linguistics - what's the connection?: From the perspective of cross-cultural conversational interaction

    Murata, K

    7th JAAL-in-JACET Annual Meeting 

    Presentation date: 1994.06

  • 'Pragmatics and Applied Linguistics - what's the connection?: From the perspective of cross-cultural conversational interaction'

    第7回JAAL-in- JACET全国研究会

    Presentation date: 1994.06

  • A Cross-Cultural Study of Conversational Style and Its Implications for Pedagogy

    Murata, K

    10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics  (Amsterdam) 

    Presentation date: 1993.08

  • 'A Cross-Cultural Study of Conversational Style and Its Implications for Pedagogy'

    10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Amsterdam 

    Presentation date: 1993.08

  • Insertion sequences: How and why they are used- a cross-cultural study

    Murata, K

    4th International Pragmatics Conference  (Kobe) 

    Presentation date: 1993.07

  • 'Insertion sequences: How and why they are used- a cross-cultural study'

    4th International Pragmatics Conference, Kobe 

    Presentation date: 1993.07

  • Repetitions: Why they are used---a cross-cultural study

    Murata, K

    The 27th Annual Convention and Exposition of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages  (Atlanta) 

    Presentation date: 1993.04

  • 'Repetitions: Why they are used---a cross-cultural study'

    The 27th Annual Convention and Exposition of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL), Atlanta 

    Presentation date: 1993.04

  • A Cross-Cultural Study of Conversational Style and Its Implications for Pedagogy: Theory and Application

    Murata, K

    The British Council Applied Linguistics Conference 1992  (Tokyo) 

    Presentation date: 1992.11

  • 'A Cross-Cultural Study of Conversational Style and Its Implications for Pedagogy: Theory and Application'

    The British Council Applied Linguistics Conference 1992,Tokyo 

    Presentation date: 1992.11

  • Communicative Competence and Capacity: What's the Difference?

    Murata, K

    31st JACET Convention 

    Presentation date: 1992.09

  • Communicative Competence and Capacity: What's the Difference?'

    回JACET全国大会

    Presentation date: 1992.09

  • Cross-Cultural Communication and Conversational Style: A Case of Pause/Silence

    Murata, K

    British Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting  (Durham) 

    Presentation date: 1991.09

  • 'Cross-Cultural Communication and Conversational Style: A Case of Pause/Silence'

    British Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting, Durham, U.K. 

    Presentation date: 1991.09

  • Cross-Cultural Communication and Conversational Style

    Murata, K

    29th JACET Convention 

    Presentation date: 1990.09

  • ‘Cross-Cultural Communication and Conversational Style'

    回JACET全国大会

    Presentation date: 1990.09

▼display all

Specific Research

  • ELF(共通語としての英語)ビジネスコミュニケーション分析-談話・語用論の視点より

    2018  

     View Summary

    本特定課題は、ビジネス現場のELFコミュニケーション実態をデイスコース分析で解明というテーマ下、日本人ビジネスピープルが多く活躍する東南アジアでのビジネスコミュニケーションの実態調査を実際のコミュニケーション現場での観察、録画、関係者へのインタビュー実施等で行い、これを語用論・談話・会話分析の視点で詳細に質的分析、実態解明、グローバルに活躍できる人材育成の為の英語教育への提言に活かすことを大きな目的とし、H30年度はシンガポールで7名のビジネスピープルのご協力を得、インタビュー実施、データ収集及び分析開始、今後科研で継続する実際のビジネスインタラクションの録画、分析への足掛かりを築いた。

  • メデイアリテラシー能力向上による異文化理解推進 - 批判的言説能力育成を中心に

    2006  

     View Summary

    この研究では、メデイアリタラシー能力向上による異文化理解推進を、批判的言説能力の育成を中心に研究した。特に、異文化理解という視点に焦点を当てることによって、文化的前提、価値観の異なるものが、同じテキストを如何に異なって解釈しうるか、また、これが結果として異文化間の誤解等に繋がり得るということを、アンケート調査等により明らかにした。また、この過程で、クリテイカルという概念の異文化の視点からみた問題点に遭遇し、これを含んだCDAの可能性と問題点を探求する為に、CDAに民俗誌学的方法論を取り入れながら異文化コミュニケーションの視点で、研究をしているRon Scollon氏、及び、Suzie Scollon 氏を招聘、国内研究協力者の矢野安剛氏、Alison Stewart氏や、国内でCDA的視点を取り入れながら研究を行っている研究者他1名も招聘、2007年3月24日にシンポジウムを開き、集中的に意見交換をし、異文化理解の視点を取り入れた批判的言説分析の可能性を探り、今後の更なる発展へと繋げることができ、次年度以降の研究の準備をすると同時に、研究協力体制を強化した。 個人発表としては、このCDAにおけるクリテイカルの概念を探求した論文を、2006年7月のアイルランドでの社会言語学シンポジウムで発表した。この論文は現在、論文集の中で1章として刊行すべく、準備中である。また、文化的前提、価値観、知識の違いがテキストの解釈にどのような影響を及ぼすかをまとめた論文が2007年3月に国際学術誌に掲載された。

  • 文化的前提の相違がニュースディスコースの解釈に与える影響-異文化理解の視点より-

    2005  

     View Summary

    この研究では、特にニュースデイスコース分析の理論的枠組みの強化と文化的前提の相違がニュースデイスコースの解釈に与える影響の解明に努めた。この視点は、研究者のイデオロギーに基づいた、恣意的な言語分析を中心としてテキスト分析をする従来の批判的談話分析(CDA)の視点にはかけていたものである。研究では解釈のメカニズムを明らかにするために文献調査による理解を深めると同時に、読者が実際にどのように解釈しているかの視点を導入することの必要性を挙げている海外研究協力者のHenry Widdowson氏や、読者によるテキスト解釈の過程を認知言語学的視点やコーパス言語学的視点を取り入れ、より客観的に進めようと試みている同じく海外研究協力者のKieran O’Halloran氏を招聘、国内研究協力者の矢野安剛氏、Alison Stewart氏や、国内でCDA的視点を取り入れながら研究を行っている研究者2名も招聘、2005年11月中旬にシンポジウムを開き、集中的に意見交換をし、より統合的なニュースデイスコースの分析の枠組みの構築へ向け、議論を深めることができた。また、この期間にシンポジウム以外でも今後の調査の計画、課題についての打ち合わせも何回か行い、次年度以降の研究の準備をすると同時に、研究協力体制を強化した。 個人発表としては文化的前提の違いが解釈に及ぼす影響について、7月のイタリアでの国際語用論学会で、また、これを更に発展させて、11月の北京でのアジアTEFL国際学会で、それぞれ研究発表をした。これらに関する論文は現在、国際学術雑誌に投稿すべく、準備中である。また、文献研究の一環として2005年春にはメデイアデイスコースに関する本の書評を、11月には遺伝子組み換え技術に関するメデイアデイスコース分析の本の書評を、それぞれ国際学術誌に発表した。

  • 批判的談話分析の視点を用いた異文化理解の試み―捕鯨に関する報道の分析を中心として

    2003  

     View Summary

    2002-3年度は、まず、日英双方の捕鯨に関するデータの構築に務めた。特に英国のインデイペンダント紙の過去14年間、ガーデイアン紙過去5年の捕鯨に関する記事を全てチェックし、捕鯨のコーパスを構築する作業を進めた。2002年までの記事の入力についてはほぼ終了し、現在は、2003年度版のデータの構築と、これと並行して、捕鯨と似た状況にある北海のたら漁業や、また、英国の狐狩りの記事等についても動物愛護、地元産業・文化・伝統の維持等の観点から、比較の目的で調査・収集を発展させている。捕鯨の記事との比較・分析によると、言語使用表現の面からも違いが顕著に表れ興味深い。この試みの一部は、2002年4月ベルギーで開かれた社会言語学シンポジウムにて発表し、これを更に発展させて、2002年12月にシンガポールで開催された国際応用言語学会でも口頭発表し、関連の論文を2003年2月に『学術研究』に発表した。更に、日英読者が英国の新聞論説をいかに受け止めるかという調査・分析も進め、その結果の一部を2002年9月の大学英語教育学会年次大会で口頭発表、2003年度には、この視点の調査・分析を更に発展させ、11月に韓国で開催されたアジア英語教育学会で口頭発表し、この論文は現在国際学術誌に投稿中である。また、読者が記事をどのように解釈するかを詳しく調査するために2003年度夏から秋にかけては読解テスト形式のアンケートを、日英の大学生・院生を回答者として実施した。これについては、更に分析を続けていく予定であり、データの構築も更に発展させていく予定である。 以上の結果の一部は2002-3年の授業等でも一部紹介しており、今後この結果を踏まえて、系統だった異文化理解・教育につながる教材等の開発にも繋げていくことができればと考えている。

Overseas Activities

  • 教育・ビジネス現場のELF(共通語としての英語)使用実態調査研究

    2013.04
    -
    2014.03

    イギリス   ロンドン大学

    オーストリア   ウィーン大学

  • 談話分析を通しての日英文化比較:応用言語学視点から

    2000.04
    -
    2001.03

    イギリス   ロンドン大学