Updated on 2022/06/30


ARAO, Takashi
Faculty of Sport Sciences
Job title
Professor Emeritus



    Juntendo University   Graduate School, Division of Physical Recreation  


    Fukuoka University of Education   Faculty of Education   Division of Health and Physical Education  


  • Juntendo University School of Medicine   Ph. D.

Research Experience

  • 2006


  • 2006

    — Waseda University, Faculty of Sport Sciences

  • 1974

    — 2005 Physical Fitness Research Institute

Professional Memberships


    Japanese Society of Public Health


    Japanese Society of Health Education and Promotion


    Japan Epidemiological Association


    The Japanese Society of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine


    Japan Society of Health Promotion


    Japanes Association of Exercise Epidemiology

▼display all


Research Areas

  • Nutrition science and health science

Research Interests

  • Health Promotion, Health Education, Lifestyle, Desease Prevention, Exercise Epidemiology


  • 身体活動促進に関する集団戦略的研究


    日本健康教育学会誌   21 ( 2 ) 154 - 164  2013.05


  • 小学校4年生の日常生活における身体活動量とその関連要因

    根本裕太, 稲山貴代, 北畠義典, 荒尾孝

    学校保健研究   53 ( 4 ) 329 - 342  2011.10

  • Effect of a worksite-based intervention program on metabolic parameters in middle-aged male white-collar workers: A randomized controlled trial

    Chizuko Maruyama, Mika Kimura, Hisashi Okumura, Kenji Hayashi, Takashi Arao

    PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   51 ( 1 ) 11 - 17  2010.07

     View Summary

    Objective. An effective program for preventing metabolic diseases through lifestyle modification is urgently needed. We investigated the effects of the Life Style Modification Program for Physical Activity and Nutrition program (LiSM10!((R))) on metabolic parameters in middle-aged male Japanese white-collar workers.
    Methods. One hundred and one male office workers, 30 to 59 years of age, with metabolic syndrome risk factors, were randomly allocated into no-treatment control (n = 49) and LiSM intervention (n = 52) groups. The LiSM group attended individualized assessment and collaborative goal setting sessions based on food group intake and physical activity, followed by two individual counseling sessions with a registered dietitian and physical trainer, and received monthly website advice during the 4-month period from December 2006 to May 2007, in Tokyo, Japan. They were encouraged to enter current targeted food intakes and pedometer data on self-monitoring websites during the entire study period.
    Results. Habitual food group intakes changed significantly in the LiSM group, showing improvements in 14 anthropometric and biochemical parameters contributing to inter-group differences in body weight, body mass index, fasting plasma glucose, insulin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance changes (p<0.01).
    Conclusion. The LiSM10!((R)) program effectively improved insulin resistance-related metabolic parameters in middle-aged male white-collar workers. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • メタボリックシンドローム危険因子に対する行動変容技法を用いた生活習慣改善プログラムの有効性:ランダム化比較試験

    甲斐裕子, 荒尾孝, 丸山尚子, 三村尚子

    厚生の指標   55 ( 11 ) 1 - 7  2008.10

  • 過体重・肥満成人における運動と食習慣の改善による体重減少を目的とした地域保健プログラムの有効性

    江川賢一, 種田行男, 荒尾孝, 松月弘恵, 白子みゆき, 葛西和可子

    日本公衆衛生雑誌   54 ( 12 ) 847 - 856  2007.12


  • Impact of lifestyle intervention on physical activity and diet of Japanese workers

    Takashi Arao, Yukio Oida, Chizuko Maruyama, Takashi Mutou, Satoru Sawada, Hiroe Matsuzuki, Yakiko Nakanishi

    PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   45 ( 2-3 ) 146 - 152  2007.08

     View Summary

    Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness of the Life Style Modification Program for Physical Activity and Diet (LiSM-PAN) in comparison to a conventional healthcare program.
    Method. Subjects with risk factor(s) for chronic disease were allocated as a cluster to the LiSM group (n=92) or the Control group (n=85). The LiSM-PAN program consisted of counseling plus social and environment support, and the Control program consisted of written feedback for changing physical activity and dietary practice. Intervention was conducted for 6 months during 2001-2002 and with data analysis during 20032004 in Tokyo, Japan. The main outcomes were leisure time exercise energy expenditure (L.E.E.E.), maximum oxygen uptake (VO(2)max), dietary habits, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood glucose, and lipid parameters.
    Results. The LiSM group showed a significantly greater increase in L.E.E.E. than the Control group at the end of the intervention (mean intergroup difference: 400.6 kcal/week, 95% CI: 126.1, 675.0 kcal/week). No significant mean inter-group differences were observed in dietary habits. The LiSM group showed significantly greater decreases in BMI, systolic blood pressure, and LDL-cholesterol than the Control group.
    Conclusion. The LiSM-PAN program produced greater positive changes in L.E.E.E., dietary habits, and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in high-risk middle-aged male workers compared to the Control program. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • 行動変容型プログラムと知識提供型プログラムの身体活動促進効果の比較:無作為化比較試験.

    甲斐裕子, 荒尾孝, 丸山尚子, 今市尚子

    体力研究   ( 105 ) 1 - 10  2007.05

  • 地域在宅要介護高齢者に対する生活機能改善プログラムが身体的・精神的生活機能に及ぼす効果

    神野宏司, 杉本錬堂, 塩田尚人, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 103 ) 1 - 9  2005.03

  • 「高齢者の生活体力とその維持増進に関する総合的研究」に関する研究総括


    体力研究   ( 103 ) 24 - 30  2005.03

  • 地域保健事業における生活習慣病予防に適用可能な運動行動セルフモニタリングの有用性

    江川賢一, 種田行男, 荒尾孝, 松月弘恵, 白子みゆき

    体力研究   ( 103 ) 10 - 23  2005.03

  • 高齢者における膝関節伸展筋力と生活体力の起居能力および歩行能力との関係

    北畠義典, 種田行男, 永松俊哉, 神野宏司, 江川賢一, 真家英俊, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 102 ) 7 - 14  2004.03

  • 現代のエスプリー地域における健康支援

    荒尾 孝, 北畠義典

    至文堂   ( 440 ) 64 - 74  2004.03

  • 地域における基本健康診査を活用した生活習慣病予防プログラム開発のための基礎的検討

    江川賢一, 種田行男, 荒尾孝, 松月弘恵

    体力研究   ( 102 ) 15 - 29  2004.03

  • 強度条件の異なる身体運動負荷が血漿中消化管ホルモンの変動に及ぼす影響

    永松俊哉, 荒尾孝, 宮坂京子

    体力研究   ( 102 ) 1 - 6  2004.03

  • Effects of a 5-year exercise-centered health-promoting programme on mortality and ADL impairment in the elderly

    Y Oida, Y Kitabatake, Y Nishijima, T Nagamatsu, H Kohno, K Egawa, T Arao

    AGE AND AGEING   32 ( 6 ) 585 - 592  2003.11

     View Summary

    Objective: the effects of regular exercise over 5 years on mortality and ADL impairment were evaluated in elderly people.
    Design: intervention study.
    Setting: Tsuru City Yamanashi prefecture, Japan.
    Methods: the subjects of this study were 245 elderly people living at home. Of these individuals, 155 (56 males aged 76.5+/-4.2 years at the baseline level; 99 females aged 76.2+/-4.8 years) who voluntarily participated in our original health-promoting programme were regarded as an intervention group. The remaining 90 (29 males aged 77.6+/-5.2 years at the baseline level; 61 females aged 77.3+/-5.1 years) were regarded as a control group. The programme was a 5-year intervention consisting of collective sessions given six times a year every 2 months. The intervention was a combination of an exercise programme based on theories of exercise physiology and a support programme based on health education theories. The relative risks of death and ADL impairment adjusted for age, presence or absence of cardiovascular or musculo-skeletal disorders, and functional fitness level at the baseline were calculated using logistic regression analysis.
    Results: the rates of participant compliance per year were 67.7% in the first year of the intervention period and gradually decreased thereafter to 43.9% in the last year. Amongst female subjects the percentage of those who exercised habitually at the end of the study period was the same as that in the baseline in the intervention group but was significantly lower at the end of the study in the control group (chi(2)=10.576, P<0.01). The relative risk of death in the intervention group was 1.0 (95% CI 0.22-4.51) amongst the males and 0.16 (95% CI 0.03-0.81) amongst the females. Relative risk of ADL impairment was 0.22 (95% CI 0.03-1.42) amongst the males and 0.36 (95% CI 0.13-1.02) amongst the females.
    Conclusion: These findings suggest that the improved mortality and state of independence in the female portion of the intervention group occurred as a result of increased physical exercise levels in daily fife. However, validation of our results must await research that employs a randomized control trial to avoid various biases and confounding factors between the intervention and the control groups.


  • A 6-year cohort study on relationship between functional fitness and impairment of ADL in community-dwelling older persons

    T Nagamatsu, Y Oida, Y Kitabatake, H Kohno, K Egawa, N Nezu, T Arao

    JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY   13 ( 3 ) 142 - 148  2003.05

     View Summary

    We measured functional fitness in older subjects and performed a follow-up survey for 6 years to clarify whether the level of functional fitness at a given point contributes to prediction of the subsequent occurrence of impairment of functions necessary for independent living. The longitudinal data were obtained for 391 persons aged 60 years or over, who were independently living in the community. Four items of functional fitness, i.e. the ability to perform standing/sitting movements, ability to perform traveling movements, ability to perform housekeeping movements, and ability to perform personal grooming activities, were assessed. The relationship between functional fitness and the risk of the occurrence of impairment of independence in daily living was evaluated using a binomial logistic regression model. In males, all the 4 items of functional fitness were significantly related to the risk of impairment of activities of daily living (ADL). In females, however, none of the items was significantly related to the risk of ADL impairment. In conclusion, functional fitness appears to be valid as a predictive parameter of future occurrence of ADL impairment in relatively healthy and independent elderly males. However, its validity in elderly females needs further evaluation.


  • 地域在宅高齢者を対象とした生活体力維持増進プログラムの効率的な介入頻度に関する研究(2):介入頻度による身体・精神・社会的生活機能への効果

    江川賢一, 神野宏司, 種田行男, 永松俊哉, 北畠義典, 真家英俊, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 2003 ) 18 - 29  2003.03

  • 中等度強度の持久的運動負荷が経口摂取飲料の胃排出機能および吸収機能に及ぼす影響

    永松俊哉, 伊藤正敏, 尾崎郁, 藤本敏彦, 山口慶一郎, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 101 ) 1 - 7  2003.03

  • 健康増進法と健康日本21-運動の面から健康日本21へ


    保健の科学   45   557 - 583  2003

  • 高齢者の生活体力に対する長期介入効果

    北畠義典, 種田行男, 荒尾孝, 永松俊哉, 神野宏司, 江川賢一, 真家英俊

    体力研究   ( 100 ) 21 - 30  2002.03

  • トランスセオレティカル・モデルを用いた生活体力維持増進プログラムの地域在宅高齢者への介入効果

    神野宏司, 江川賢一, 種田行男, 永松俊哉, 北畠義典, 真家英俊, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 100 ) 11 - 20  2002.03

  • 高齢者の健康作り事業に関する実態調査


    体力研究   ( 100 ) 31 - 53  2002.03

  • 地域在宅高齢者を対象とした生活体力維持増進プログラムの効率的な介入頻度に関する研究

    江川賢一, 神野宏司, 種田行男, 永松俊哉, 北畠義典, 真家英俊, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 100 ) 1 - 10  2002.03

  • 生活習慣病の予防と治療- リスクファクターとしての高血圧


    臨床スポーツ医学   19   24 - 30  2002

  • 健康への疫学的アプローチ-疫学的研究と健康体力


    体育の科学   52   847 - 852  2002

  • 日本における最近の高齢者体力に関する研究と今後の展望


    運動疫学研究   4   1 - 9  2002

  • 運動・スポーツ医学における疫学面からのアプローチ- 運動に関る疫学的指標とその評価


    臨床スポーツ医学   18   773 - 779  2001

  • 自然発症高血圧ラットにおける一酸化窒素合成酵素阻害剤静脈投与による安静時血圧応答に対する自発走トレーニングの影響

    神野宏司, 古川覚, 内籐久士, 大迫正文, 山倉文幸, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 99 ) 25 - 27  2000.11

  • 健康指標としての体力とQOL


    体育の科学   50 ( 11 ) 854 - 858  2000.11

  • 地域高齢者の生活体力に関する縦断研究ー生活体力の加齢変化と日常生活行動との関係

    永松俊哉, 種田行男, 北畠義典, 神野宏司, 江川賢一, 青木和江, メール優子, 真家英俊, 根津直美, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 99 ) 7 - 15  2000.11

  • 高齢者における健康関連体力指標としての最大酸素摂取量の意義

    北畠義典, 荒尾孝, 種田行男, 朽木勤, 真田樹義, 江橋博

    体力研究   ( 98 ) 10 - 17  2000.03

  • 高齢者の生活体力維持増進プログラム終了1年後における効果

    神野宏司, 江川賢一, 種田行男, 永松俊哉, 北畠義典, 真家英俊, 西嶋洋子, 青木和江, メール優子, 荒尾孝

    体力研究   ( 98 ) 1 - 9  2000.03

  • 地域高齢者の生活体力全国版性・年齢階級別評価基準値の作成

    江川賢一, 荒尾孝, 種田行男, 西嶋洋子, 永松俊哉, 北畠義典, 神野宏司, 青木和江, 真家英俊

    体力研究   ( 98 ) 18 - 29  2000.03

  • 身体活動と生活習慣病-身体活動と高血圧に関する疫学研究


    日本臨床   58   360 - 365  2000

  • 在宅高齢者の生活体力とQOL指標との関係


    体育科学   29   66 - 73  2000

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Books and Other Publications

  • Asian Perspectives and Evidence on Health Promotion and Education

    Takashi Arao

    Springer  2010.10 ISBN: 9784431538882

  • 臨床スポーツ医学 スポーツ栄養・食事ガイドー健康づくり施策における食・栄養・運動

    荒尾孝, 稲山貴代

    文光堂  2009.11

  • 日本臨床 身体活動・運動と生活習慣病—中高年と身体活動・体力


    日本臨床社  2009.04

  • 運動指導専門研修II-運動指導の評価


    中央労働災害防止協会  2009.02

  • アンチエイジング医学の基礎と臨床ー高齢者のための運動療法

    荒尾 孝

    株式会社メジカルビュー社  2008.11

  • 健康と運動の疫学入門—健康と運動疫学の定義と指標

    熊谷秋三, 田中喜代次, 藤井宣晴, 澤田亨, 内藤義彦

    医学出版  2008.10 ISBN: 9784287190012

  • 健康運動指導士養成講習会テキスト-介護予防に関する体力測定法とその評価

    荒尾孝, 北畠義典

    財・健康体力づくり事業財団  2008.03

  • 地域保健活動のための疫学—集団戦略としての健康な町づくり介入研究の例

    柳川洋, 中村好一, 児玉和紀, 三浦宣彦

    日本公衆衛生協会  2006.10 ISBN: 4819201948

  • 健康教育・健康管理のレシピー学習と支援による生活習慣改善


    南山堂  2005.09

  • 運動普及のための教育テキスト-地域健康づくりの推進方法とその事例


    新企画出版社  2003

  • 生涯スポーツ実践論・ヘルスプロモーションと政策


    市村出版  2002

  • 健康支援学入門ー地域における健康支援


    北大路書房  2001

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Research Projects

  • Development of lifestyle modification program for community based health care services.

  • Development of lifestyle modification program for physical activity and healthy diet in schoolchildren.

  • 地域における身体活動促進のための集団戦略の開発

    科学研究費助成事業(早稲田大学)  科学研究費助成事業(基盤研究(B))

  • 健康格差を改善する地域集団戦略プログラムの開発

    科学研究費助成事業(早稲田大学)  科学研究費助成事業(挑戦的萌芽研究)

  • 地域高齢者を対象とした生活拠点型介護予防システムの開発

    科学研究費助成事業(早稲田大学)  科学研究費助成事業(基盤研究(B))

  • Development of worksite health promotion program-ILSI-PAN

  • Development of community health promotion program

  • Cross sectional study on health status and lifestyle in school children

  • Development of intervention program for improvement of psycho-social function in frail elderly

  • Relationship between a definite aim in life and physical, mental, or social health status in community-dwelling people.

  • Effect of school intervention program for healthy lifestyle in elementary school children

  • Relationship between social activity and psychological health status in community-dwelling midle aged people

  • Parenting Stress of Mothers and its Associated Factors

  • Effect of health tourism on community activity and health promotion in a local community

  • Development of community health promotion system for population strategy

  • Development of community population strategy for improving health inequalities

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  • Effect of cosmetic intervention on psycho-social function in institutionalized elderly people.

    Presentation date: 2010.07

  • Impact of the school-based intervention on physical activity and physical function in elementary school children

    Presentation date: 2010.07

  • Community Approach to Obesity Management for the Elderly-An Asian Perspective

    Presentation date: 2010.07

  • Community Approach to Health Improvement for the Elderly

    Presentation date: 2010.07

  • Effect of health education program on dietary attitude and behavior in elementary school-chilren.

    Presentation date: 2010.03

  • Effect of health education program on physical activity in elementary school-chilren.

    Presentation date: 2010.03

  • Impact of the school-based intervention on physical activity in elementary school-children.

    Presentation date: 2010.01

  • Improvement of eating behavior and diet-related attitude in elementary school children.

    Presentation date: 2010.01

  • Parenting Stress in Mothers and its Associated Factors

    Presentation date: 2010.01

  • 健康日本21最終年を控えて今後の課題を明らかにする-身体活動・運動の面から見た現状と課題

    Presentation date: 2009.10

  • Lifestyle modification program for physical activity and diet in middle aged community dwellers

    Presentation date: 2009.10

  • Lifestyle modification program for physical activity and diet in middle aged community dwellers

    Presentation date: 2009.06

  • Health Japan 21 -Prospect and Problems to be Solved-Physical activity for health and wellness promotion.

    Presentation date: 2007.11

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial of Behavioral Approach vs Conventional Health Education for Weight-loss: One-year Follow-up

    Presentation date: 2007.11

  • The Dietary Lifestyle Associated with the Risks of Obesity and Bone Fracture among Elementary and Junior High School Students in T City.

    Presentation date: 2007.11

  • Community health promotion through sport and active lifestyle

    Presentation date: 2007.09

  • Impact of Behavioral Intervention Program on Physical activity, Diet, and risk factors for Cardiovascular Diseases; a Randomized Control Trial in the Japanese community

    Presentation date: 2007.08

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Specific Research

  • 地域自立高齢者に対する自己記入式認知機能評価尺度の信頼性・妥当性の検討

    2017   藤原 佳典, 根本 裕太

     View Summary

    本研究では、認知機能評価尺度としての信頼性及び妥当性が検証されており、先行研究において、認知機能評価に汎用されているInformant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly短縮版(IQCODE)を日本語に翻訳した。IQCODEの作成者から日本語版への翻訳の許可を得て、研究代表者ならびに連携研究者が日本語へ翻訳した。その後、逆翻訳作業を実施した。また、質問文の調整については、予備調査を実施し、調査票の質問文の最終調整を行った。本尺度の自記式認知機能評価尺度としての基準関連妥当性を確認するため、3月に調査を実施する予定である。本調査の研究計画については早稲田大学倫理審査委員会の承認を得たところである。

Overseas Activities

  • Community Intervention の方法とその評価に関する研究


    オーストラリア   University of Queensland