Updated on 2022/08/10

写真a

 
KOBAYASHI, Takuto
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Political Science and Economics, School of Political Science and Economics
Job title
Research Associate
Mail Address
メールアドレス
Profile

Research Field: Analytic Political Philosophy, Normative Political Theory

Specialization: Democratic Theory, Social/Relational Equality, Political Legitimacy and Authority, Distributive Justice

I am currently working on the theorization of comparative evaluative standards for political decision-making procedures.

Relatedly, I am also interested in moral philosophy and value theory.

 

Education

  • 2017.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Political Science   Doctoral Program  

  • 2015.04
    -
    2017.03

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Political Science   Master of Arts  

  • 2011.04
    -
    2015.03

    International Christian University   College of Liberal Arts  

Degree

  • 2017.03   Waseda University   Master of Arts in Politics

  • 2015.03   International Christian University   Bachelor of Arts

Research Experience

  • 2020.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Political Science and Economics   Research Associate

  • 2018.04
    -
    2020.03

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science   Research Fellow (DC2)

  • 2019
    -
     

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Political Science   Teaching Assistant

  • 2019
    -
     

    Waseda University   School of Education   Teaching Assistant

  • 2017
    -
     

    Waseda University   Department of Political Science and Economics   Teaching Assistant

Professional Memberships

  • 2019
    -
    Now

    Japanese Political Science Association

  • 2018
    -
    Now

    The Japanese Conference for the Study of Political Thought

 

Research Areas

  • Politics   Political Philosophy, Normative Political Theory

  • Philosophy and ethics   Moral Philosophy, Value Theory

Research Interests

  • Political Philosophy

  • Normative Political Theory

  • Democratic Theory

  • Social Egalitarianism

  • Political Authority

  • Political Legitimacy

  • Distributive Justice

  • Moral Philosophy

  • Value Theory

▼display all

Papers

  • Values of Political Decision-Making Procedures: Reconstruction and Assessment of Non-Instrumentalism, Instrumentalism, and Compatibilism.

    Takuto Kobayashi

    Japanese Journal of Political Thought   19   238 - 269  2019.05  [Refereed]

  • [M.A. Thesis] Emotion Expressions in Public Deliberation: Construction and Reconstruction of the Fairness of Democratic Procedures

    Takuto Kobayashi

    Graduate School of Political Science, Waseda University    2017.03

Awards

  • Research Award

    2019.05   The Japanese Conference for the Study of Political Thought   Values of Political Decision-Making Procedures: Reconstruction and Assessment of Non-Instrumentalism, Instrumentalism, and Compatibilism

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

  • Scholarship for Young Doctoral Students

    2017.04   Waseda University  

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

  • Mamoru Iijima Commemorative Academic Prize

    2017.04   Graduate School of Political Science, Waseda University  

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

  • M.A. Valedictorian

    2017.03   Graduate School of Political Science, Waseda University  

  • Dean's Academic Prize

    2017.03   Graduate School of Political Science, Waseda University   Emotion Expressions in Public Deliberation: Construction and Reconstruction of the Fairness of Democratic Procedures (M.A. Thesis)

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

  • Azusa Ono Memorial Scholarship

    2016.06   Waseda University  

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

  • Scholarship for Graduate Students

    2015.06   The Mitsubishi UFJ Trust Scholarship Foundation  

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

  • Isao Okawa General Scholarship

    2015.06   Waseda University  

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

  • Makoto Saito Academic Award in Peace Studies

    2015.03   International Christian University   Conscience and Civil Disobedience: Martin Luther King Jr.'s Political Philosophy of Nonviolent Collective Resistance (B.A. Thesis)

    Winner: Takuto Kobayashi

▼display all

Research Projects

  • A Critical Investigation into Freedom-Based Non-Instrumental Defenses of Democracy

    Waseda University  Grants for Special Research Projects (Research Base Creation: 2021C-411)

    Project Year :

    2021.04
    -
    2022.03
     

  • The Compatibility of Social Equality and Political Inequality: A Study of John Rawls’s View on the Plural Voting Scheme

    Waseda University  Grants for Special Research Projects (Research Base Creation: 2020C-538)

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • The Place of Emotions in Politics: An Approach from the Normative Theory of Democracy

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2020.03
     

Presentations

  • Comment on Simon Caney, 'Justice, Ecological Sustainability and Future Generations.'

    Takuto Kobayashi  [Invited]

    International Symposium, Annual Meeting of the Japanese Conference for the Study of Political Thought 

    Presentation date: 2022.05

    Event date:
    2022.05
     
     
  • Comments on Masaya Miyamoto, "An Examination of the Responsibility for Structural Reform," Takafumi Abe, "A Society of Autonomous Persons and a Conception of Responsibility They Owe to Each Other," and Ken Oshitani, "The Demandingness of What We Owe to Each Other: Relational Obligations and the Problem of Risk."

    Takuto Kobayashi  [Invited]

    The 13th Annual Conference of Japan Association of Political Economy 

    Presentation date: 2022.03

    Event date:
    2022.03
     
     
  • Justice as Fairness on the Justification of Political Procedure

    Kobayashi, Takuto

    International Symposium on Rawls  Universitat de Girona

    Presentation date: 2021.10

    Event date:
    2021.10
     
     
  • The Right to a Competent Electorate as a Procedural Right

    Takuto Kobayashi

    Annual Conference of the Japanese Political Science Association, Session E7 "Democracy and Political Theory"  (Online)  Nihon University

    Presentation date: 2021.09

    Event date:
    2021.09
     
     
  • Political Inequality in Justice as Fairness

    Takuto Kobayashi

    Annual Meeting of the Japanese Conference for the Study of Political Thought  (Online)  Kyushu University

    Presentation date: 2021.05

    Event date:
    2021.05
     
     
  • Are Political Representatives Not Social Superiors?

    Takuto Kobayashi

    2nd Geneva Graduate Conference in Political Philosophy  (Online)  University of Geneva

    Presentation date: 2021.02

    Event date:
    2021.02
     
     

     View Summary

    Social egalitarian democrats defend democracy as a political regime that, by equally distributing the opportunity to influence what laws and policies are made, avoids making any individual a social inferior or superior to another. However, they face a representation puzzle: since political representatives in a representative democracy are given greater political influence than non-representatives, are the representatives not social superiors to the non-representatives? This paper aims to show that no plausible solution to this puzzle has been provided. The extant accounts revolve around the idea that representatives are not social superiors to non-representatives if the former are subject to the latter’s control. I argue that such views, by focusing on the idea of popular control, fail to establish that a representative and a non-representative can enjoy equal social standing on an individual basis, which seems to be social egalitarians’ central concern. Eventually, I suggest that representatives indeed stand as social superiors to non-representatives even in a well-functioning representative democracy; the only form of democracy that does not inherently undermine social equality is direct democracy. From the social egalitarian standpoint, if representative democracy is justifiable at all, it is only non-ideally justifiable as the second-best political regime.

  • Can Social Egalitarians Reject Political Inequality?

    Takuto Kobayashi

    Annual Conference of Japan Political Science Association  (Seikei University)  Japanese Political Science Association

    Presentation date: 2019.10

    Event date:
    2019.10
     
     
  • Comment on Akira Inoue, ‘Taking Cognitive and Epistemic Conditions Seriously: A Defense of Monistic Luck Egalitarianism.’

    Takuto Kobayashi  [Invited]

    Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Research Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2019.08

    Event date:
    2019.08
     
     
  • Anonymity and Reciprocity: On the Value of Procedural Fairness

    Takuto Kobayashi

    “Democracy and Philosophy: Why Is Democracy Desirable?” Workshop at Japan Forum for Young Philosophers 

    Presentation date: 2017.07

  • Comment on Shin-ichi Tabata, ‘The Habermas-Rawls Dispute Revisited: Justice with or without Solidarity?’

    Takuto Kobayashi  [Invited]

    Political Thought Seminar 

    Presentation date: 2017.04

▼display all

Specific Research

  • 自由概念に依拠したデモクラシーの非道具的擁護論の批判的検討

    2021  

     View Summary

     2021年度には以下の課題に取り組んだ。 (1)自由概念の諸構想から民主政を非道具的に擁護する議論を批判した。研究成果は博士論文の章としてまとめたが、査読誌『政治思想研究』にも投稿予定。 (2)エピストクラシー(知者の支配)の擁護論で提示される「有能な選挙民への権利」の性質を検討した。進捗は日本政治学会で報告し、現在は査読誌への投稿のため論文化している。 (3)社会的平等と政治的不平等の両立可能性を検討する論文をプリンストン大学の院生カンファレンスで報告したのち、国際査読誌に投稿。現在は一時査読結果の通知を待っている。

  • 社会的平等と政治的不平等の両立可能性——J・ロールズの複数投票制論を通じた研究

    2020  

     View Summary

    2020年度には、三つの課題に取り組んだ。(1)社会的平等主義のもとで政治的代表が正当化されうる余地を探究した。研究成果をジュネーヴ大学の国際院生カンファレンスにて報告した(業績1)。改訂の上、国際査読誌への投稿を予定している。(2)社会的平等と政治的不平等の両立可能性を抽象理論のレベルで論証した。研究成果をプリンストン大学の国際院生カンファレンスに投稿し、採択された(2021年4月報告予定:業績2)。(3)J・ロールズの正義構想〈公正としての正義〉における複数投票制正当化論の構造を明らかにし、擁護した。研究成果を政治思想学会の研究大会に自由論題報告として応募し、採択された(2021年5月報告予定:業績3)。

 

Teaching Experience

  • TA: Introduction to Political Analysis 01

    School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University  

    2021.04
    -
    2021.07
     

  • TA: Introduction to Political Analysis 02

    School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University  

    2020.09
    -
    2021.03
     

  • TA: Introduction to Political Science for Journalists

    Graduate School of Political Science, Waseda University  

    2019.09
    -
    2020.03
     

  • TA: History of Political Thought I, II

    School of Education, Waseda University  

    2019.04
    -
    2020.03
     

  • TA: Introduction to Philosophy I, II

    School of Education, Waseda University  

    2019.04
    -
    2020.03
     

 

Committee Memberships

  • 2022.04
    -
    Now

    Japan Association of Political Economy  Assistant for Administrative Office

  • 2020.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda Society of Political Science and Economics  Assistant for Editorial Board, Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics