2022/01/24 更新

写真a

カワサキ ヤヨイ
川崎 弥生
所属
人間科学学術院 人間科学部
職名
助教
プロフィール
・DRMパラダイム(連想関係にある単語リスト)を用いた虚記憶の生成過程についての研究
・バイリンガルの言語処理についての研究
・自伝的記憶の分布や機能についての研究
・多義的な知覚(the dress)に経験やコミュニケーションなどが与える影響についての研究
などを行っております。

学歴

  • 2001年04月
    -
    2004年03月

    神戸女学院大学   人間科学研究科   博士後期課程修了 博士(人間科学)  

  • 1999年04月
    -
    2001年03月

    神戸女学院大学   人間科学研究科   博士前期課程修了 修士(人間科学)  

  • 1994年04月
    -
    1998年03月

    神戸女学院大学   人間科学部   人間行動科学専攻修了 学士(人間科学)  

学位

  • 神戸女学院大学   博士(人間科学)

  • 神戸女学院大学   修士(人間科学)

経歴

  • 2020年04月
    -
    継続中

    早稲田大学   人間科学学術院   助教

  • 2019年04月
    -
    2020年03月

    大阪市立大学   文学研究科 都市文化研究センター(UCRC)   研究員

  • 2016年04月
    -
    2019年03月

    日本学術振興会   専修大学大学院文学研究科   特別研究員RPD

  • 2009年04月
    -
    2016年03月

    日本大学文理学部   人文科学研究所   研究員

  • 2007年04月
    -
    2009年03月

    日本学術振興会   日本大学文理学部   特別研究員RPD

  • 2004年04月
    -
    2007年03月

    神戸女学院大学人間科学研究科   博士研究員(有給)

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    Reserch Fellow of the Japan society for the Promotion of Science

  •  
     
     

    Postdoctoral fellow of Kobe College, Division of Human Science

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所属学協会

  •  
     
     

    Psychologia Society

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    Psychonomic Society

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    日本社会心理学会

  •  
     
     

    日本教育心理学会

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    法と心理学会

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    日本基礎心理学会

  •  
     
     

    日本心理学会

  •  
     
     

    Psychonomic Society

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研究分野

  • 実験心理学

  • 実験心理学

研究キーワード

  • 実験系心理学

  • autobiographical memory

  • bilingal memory

  • false memory

論文

  • Color Judgments of #The Dress and #The Jacket in a Sample of Different Cultures

    Yayoi Kawasaki, J. Nick Reid, Kazuhiro Ikeda, Meiling Liu, Bodil S. A. Karlsson

    Perception   50 ( 3 ) 216 - 230  2021年03月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    Two viral photographs, #The Dress and #The Jacket, have received recent attention in research on perception as the colors in these photos are ambiguous. In the current study, we examined perception of these photographs across three different cultural samples: Sweden (Western culture), China (Eastern culture), and India (between Western and Eastern cultures). Participants also answered questions about gender, age, morningness, and previous experience of the photographs. Analyses revealed that only age was a significant predictor for the perception of The Dress, as older people were more likely to perceive the colors as blue and black than white and gold. In contrast, multiple factors predicted perception of The Jacket, including age, previous experience, and country. Consistent with some previous research, this suggests that the perception of The Jacket is a different phenomenon from perception of The Dress and is influenced by additional factors, most notably culture.

    DOI

  • 相手の普段と異なる行動が対人感情と原因帰属に 及ぼす効果

    豊田弘司, 川﨑弥生

    奈良教育大学 次世代教員養成センター研究紀要   5   1 - 7  2019年03月

  • 努力と成果の随伴性による原因帰属が動機づけに及ぼす効果

    豊田弘司, 川﨑弥生

    奈良教育大学次世代教員養成センター研究紀要   3   23 - 30  2017年03月

  • 独創性の高い作品制作に関連する心理学的要因:個人特性を媒介したほめ言葉と共行動の効果の検討

    池田和浩, 西浦和樹, 川﨑弥生

    日本創造学会論文誌   20   49 - 65  2017年03月  [査読有り]

  • Autobiographical memory functions in young Japanese men and women

    Yoichi Maki, Yayoi Kawasaki, Burcu Demiray, Steve M. J. Janssen

    MEMORY   23 ( 1 ) 11 - 24  2015年01月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    The present study examined whether the three major functions of autobiographical memory observed in Western societies (i.e., directing-behaviour, social-bonding and self-continuity) also exist in an East Asian society. Two self-report measures were used to assess the autobiographical memory functions of Japanese men and women. Japanese young adults (N = 451, ages 17-28 years) first completed the original Thinking About Life Experiences (TALE) Questionnaire. They subsequently received three TALE items that represented memory functions and attempted to recall a specific instance of memory recall for each item. Confirmatory factor analyses on the TALE showed that the three functions were replicated in the current sample. However, Japanese participants reported lower levels of all three functions than American participants in a previous study. We also explored whether there was an effect of gender in this Japanese sample. Women reported higher levels of the self-continuity and social-bonding functions than men. Finally, participants recalled more specific instances of memory recall for the TALE items that had received higher ratings on the TALE, suggesting that the findings on the first measure were supported by the second measure. Results are discussed in relation to the functional approach to autobiographical memory in a cross-cultural context.

    DOI

  • 効果的にほめるには?:ほめと共同作業が内発的動機に与える影響

    池田 和浩, 小泉 嘉子, 飯島 典子, 川崎 弥生, 西浦 和樹

    尚絅学院大学紀要   67   73 - 82  2014年12月

    CiNii

  • イラストを用いた食品中の残留農薬量の理解度の検討

    朴 ソラ, 増田 知尋, 村越 琢磨, 川 弥生, 内海 建, 木村 敦, 小山 慎一, 日比野 治雄, 日野 明寛, 和田 有史

    日本健康教育学会誌   22 ( 2 ) 100 - 110  2014年  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    目的:残留農薬に関する知識が十分でない消費者に,適切な残留農薬量の理解を促すためのイラスト表記を開発し,その理解度を検討することを目的とした.<br>方法:大学生および大学院生80人を対象に横断研究を行った.文章のみ,累積正規分布関数のグラフと文章,農薬量を一次元で示したイラストと文章の3種類の説明表記のうちどれか1種類を添付した質問紙を配布した.回答は,無毒性量,一日摂取許容量,残留農薬基準の3段階の残留農薬条件以下の農薬が残留している架空の農産物について,安全性に関わる3つの質問項目にビジュアルアナログスケールを用いて評定させた.安全性評価の相対的な大きさが残留農薬量の順序と一致した場合を正答として条件ごとに正答率を算出し,χ<sup>2</sup> 検定を行った.<br>結果:すべての質問項目で正答率に有意な偏りがみられた(p<0.05).残差分析の結果,「文章+イラスト」条件では正答率が期待値よりも一貫して高かった(59.3~70.4%).一方で,「文章のみ」では正答率は期待値との差はなかった(41.4~55.2%).また,「文章+グラフ」では,どの程度安全であると感じるか,自分が食べようと思うかの質問で期待値よりも正答率が低かった(16.7~33.3%).<br>結論:グラフは残留農薬量の適切な理解を促進しないが,一次元で表したイラストは促進することが示唆された.

    DOI CiNii

  • Culture, Ambiguity Aversion and Choice in probability Judgments.

    Kuniko Adachi, Hiroshi Yama, Jean-Baptiste Van, der Henst, Hugo Mercier, Minoru Karasawa, Yayoi Kawasaki

    International Journal of Creativity & Problem Solving   23   63 - 78  2013年09月  [査読有り]

  • Is the use of averaging in advice taking modulated by culture?

    Hugo Mercier, Hiroshi Yama, Yayoi Kawasaki, Kuniko Adachi, Jean-Baptiste Van Der Henst

    Journal of Cognition and Culture   12 ( 1-2 ) 1 - 16  2012年  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Abstract Many recent experiments have explored the way people take advice into account. It has been observed that in so doing participants often rely on one of the two following strategies: averaging between the different opinions or choosing one of the opinions, as opposed to using more complex weighting strategies. While several factors that affect strategy choice have been investigated, no attention has been paid to potential cultural variations. Among the many relevant cross-cultural differences, results have show that Easterners tend to favor compromise more than Westerners, a difference that could translate into a greater preference for averaging in Eastern population. In Experiment 1, we confronted Japanese and French participants to two pieces of advice and asked them to form an aggregate answer. In Experiment 2, participants had to aggregate their own opinion and a piece of advice. In neither of the experiments were the Japanese more likely to use averaging than the French. Explanations for this robust absence of difference are suggested. The only difference that emerged was that the Japanese were more likely to choose the advice and less likely to choose their own answer than the French. Different interpretations of this result are discussed, including the possibility that it is an artefact of a theoretically irrelevant difference between the populations under study. © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2012.

    DOI

  • Temporal distribution of autobiographical memory: Uncovering the reminiscence bump in Japanese young and middle-aged adults

    Yayoi Kawasaki, Steve M. J. Janssen, Tomoyoshi Inoue

    JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH   53 ( 1 ) 86 - 96  2011年03月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    The reminiscence bump is the effect that people recall more personal events from their teenage period than from adjacent lifetime periods. The effect is generally found in studies that divide the results of participants, who were at least 40 years old, into age bins of 10 years. In this study, the temporal distribution of autobiographical memories of Japanese young and middle-aged adults was examined. Because the questionnaire was presented on the internet, many participants could take part (N = 252). By dividing the personal events into smaller age bins and applying a mathematical method that corrects for the increased recall of recent events, a reminiscence bump could be identified in the memories of young adults. The location of the reminiscence bump of young adults was similar to the location of the reminiscence bump of middle-aged adults.

    DOI

  • A cross-cultural study of hindsight bias and conditional probabilistic reasoning

    Hiroshi Yama, Ken I. Manktelow, Hugo Mercier, Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst, Kyung Soo Do, Yayoi Kawasaki, Kuniko Adachi

    THINKING & REASONING   16 ( 4 ) 346 - 371  2010年  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Hindsight bias is a mistaken belief that one could have predicted a given outcome once the outcome is known. Choi and Nisbett (2000) reported that Koreans showed stronger hindsight bias than Americans, and explained the results using the distinction between analytic cognition (Westerners) and holistic cognition (Easterners). The purpose of the present study was to see whether hindsight bias is stronger among Easterners than among Westerners using a probability judgement task, and to test an oexplicit-implicito hypothesis and a orule-dialecticso hypothesis. We predicted that the implicit process is more active among Easterners to generate hindsight bias, and that Easterners are more dialectical thinkers, whereas Westerners are more rule-based thinkers. French, British, Japanese, and Korean participants were asked to make probabilistic judgements in a Good Samaritan scenario (Experiment 1) and in a scenario including conditional probabilistic judgement (Experiment 2). In both Experiments, we presume that the implicit revision of causal models is made just by being given unexpected outcome information, and that explicit revision is made by being asked to point out possible factors for an unexpected outcome. In the results Easterners showed greater hindsight bias generally and it was greater in the Good Samaritan scenario. We conclude that the reason why hindsight bias was lower among Westerners is primarily that they tried to follow a rule to suppress the bias.

    DOI

  • A dual process model for cultural differences in thought

    Hiroshi Yama, Miwa Nishioka, Tomoko Horishita, Yayoi Kawasaki, Junichi Taniguchi

    Mind and Society   6 ( 2 ) 143 - 172  2007年11月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Nisbett et al. (Psychol Rev 108:291-310, 2001) claim that East Asians are likely to use holistic thought to solve problems, whereas Westerners use analytic thought more, and discuss the differences in the frame of the individualism/collectivism distinction. The holistic versus analytic distinction has been the greatest point of interest of dual process theories, which imply that human thinking has two sub processes. We apply a revised dual process model that proposes meme-acquired goals in both systems to explain cultural differences in thought. According to this, gene-installed goals are universal across cultures, whereas meme-acquired goals depend upon culture. To introduce a dual process model means that we discuss adaptation both in terms of culture and natural selection. Hence, we propose an interactive view that supports an adaptive relation between mind and culture. © 2007 Fondazione Rosselli.

    DOI

  • A dual process model for cultural differences in thought. A cross-cultural study of hindsight bias and conditional probabilistic reasoning.

    Hiroshi Yama, Miwa Nishioka, Tomoko Horishita, Yayoi Kawasaki, Jyun-ichi Taniguchi

    Mind and Society   6 ( 2 ) 143 - 172  2007年02月  [査読有り]

  • Dealing with contradiction in a communicative context: A cross-cultural study.

    Jean-Baptiste Van, der Henst, Hugo Mercier, Hiroshi Yama, Yayaoi Kawasaki, Kuniko Adachi

    Intercultural Pragamatics   3-4   487 - 502  2006年12月  [査読有り]

    DOI

  • 人物選択における選好と拒否:自己批判バイアスの一説明

    谷口淳一, 山祐嗣, 川﨑弥生, 堀下智子, 西岡美和

    社会心理学研究   21 ( 3 ) 226 - 232  2006年02月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Shafir (1993) found that people select an alternative which is positive on some dimensions and negative on others more often than one with average dimensions. We applied his methodology to the choice of a person. It is argued that Japanese people prefer a person with an average disposition. But is it that they really prefer this or that they believe that others do? We presented a scenario where two persons wanted to join a party with your group. One was positive on some dimensions and negative on others, whereas the other had an average disposition. One hundred and seven female students were asked to choose one of the two persons, and 113 female students were asked to reject one of the two. They were also asked to infer which person the other members of their group would choose or reject. The results were that our participants chose and rejected the person with positive and negative dimensions in the self-decision condition, whereas they inferred that other members would choose the average person. These imply that self-critical bias may reflect an adaptive strategy as to the selection of persons.

    DOI CiNii

  • The difference between implicit and explicit associative processes at study in creating false memory in the DRM paradigm

    Y Kawasaki, H Yama

    MEMORY   14 ( 1 ) 68 - 78  2006年01月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    The effects of implicit and explicit associative processes for false recognition were examined by manipulating exposure duration of studied items; 20 ms or 2000 ms. Participants studied lists of words that were high associates to a nonpresented word (critical lure) in either condition. After learning each list, they took a recognition test and remember/know judgements immediately (Experiment 1) or 1 minute later (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, know responses for critical lures were more in the 20 ms than in the 2000 ms conditions, while remember responses for them were more in the 2000 ms condition. Implicit associative processes create familiarity of critical lures, and explicit associative processes create details of false memories. Comparing the results of Experiment 1 with those of Experiment 2, remember responses for critical lures were increased with the prolonged time only in the 20 ms condition. Characteristics of false memory made by implicit associative processes could be changed by prolonged time.

    DOI

  • 虚記憶の生成過程について : 日本語リストを用いたRoediger & McDermott(1995,実験2)の追試

    川崎 弥生, 山 祐嗣, Yayoi KAWASAKI, Hiroshi YAMA

    論集   51 ( 2 ) 209 - 220  2004年12月

     概要を見る

    This experiment was designed to examine false memories. Twenty-five participants listened to eight lists of 15words. Each list was composed of associates of a single non-presented word: critical lure. After listening to each list, they took immediate free recall tests or solved math problems. In the recall test, 60% of the critical lures and 55% of list items in the middle positions were recalled. Five minutes after learning, they took a final recognition test. The proportion of false recognition of the critical lures were 92% (falsely recalled) and 74% (not recalled). The results suggest that the participants had difficulty in discriminating what they imaged from what they really heard.

    CiNii

  • Cross-linguistic false recognition: How do japanese-dominant bilinguals process two languages: Japanese and english?

    Yayoi Miyaji-Kawasaki, Tomoyoshi Inoue, Hiroshi Yama

    Psychologia   46 ( 4 ) 255 - 267  2004年01月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    The present study applied the false memory experimental paradigm to the functional independence-interdependence issue of bilinguals. Seventy-four Japanese university students who had learned English for at least seven years participated in a list-learning experiment. Most of them were considered as Japanese-dominant bilinguals. Twelve 15-word-list (180 words) were successively presented. Each list was constructed so that a non-presented word (CNW) would be falsely recognized. Six lists were presented in Japanese and the other six lists were presented in English. Half of the recognition test words were presented in English and the rest in Japanese. These factors were orthogonal. The results showed that, although hit rates were higher when the list language and the test language matched, false-alarm rates of CNWs were higher when the test language was Japanese. These supported the unbalanced, independent storage model, which was proposed in the present study.

    DOI CiNii

  • 高い確率で虚記憶を生成するDRMパラダイムのための日本語リストの作成

    宮地 弥生, 山 祐嗣

    基礎心理学研究   21 ( 1 ) 21 - 26  2002年09月  [査読有り]

    DOI

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書籍等出版物

Misc

Works(作品等)

  • 日英二言語処理過程の検討

    1999年
    -
     

  • Research about the information processing of bilingal.

    1999年
    -
     

受賞

  • 論文賞

    2017年09月   日本創造学会   独創性の高い作品制作に関連する心理学的要因:個人特性を媒介したほめ言葉と共行動の効果の検討  

    受賞者: 池田和浩, 西浦和樹, 川﨑弥生

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題

  • 虚記憶の生成を抑制する検索過程の働きの解明

    文部科学省  科学研究費補助金 特別研究員奨励費

    研究期間:

    2016年04月
    -
    2019年03月
     

    川﨑弥生

  • 国際学会参加費補助

    神戸女学院めぐみ会  一般奨学金

    研究期間:

    2010年11月
    -
     
     

    川﨑弥生

  • 符号化における学習項目の処理の深さが虚記憶の生成に与える影響

    文部科学省  科学研究費補助金 特別研究員奨励費

    研究期間:

    2007年04月
    -
    2009年03月
     

    川﨑弥生

  • Cross-cultural studies on the human resolution of contradiction

    日本学術振興会  二国間交流日仏共同研究Chorus

    研究期間:

    2005年07月
    -
    2008年03月
     

    山祐嗣

  • Research about autobiographical memory

    研究期間:

    2005年
    -
     
     

  • 虚記憶の出現過程についての研究

    神戸女学院めぐみ会  一般奨学金

    研究期間:

    2002年11月
    -
     
     

    川﨑弥生

  • Research about the information processing of bilingal

  • Research about the process of creating false memory

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現在担当している科目

担当経験のある科目(授業)

  • 2年次演習(心理学)

    東京女子大学  

    2020年04月
    -
    継続中
     

  • 学生生活とセルフマネジメント

    早稲田大学  

    2020年04月
    -
    継続中
     

  • スタディスキル

    早稲田大学  

    2020年04月
    -
    継続中
     

  • 心理学基礎実験2

    専修大学  

  • 基礎心理学特殊講義7(記憶)

    専修大学  

  • 基礎演習2

    明治学院大学  

  • 社会心理学

    カリタス短期大学  

  • 発達と学習(教職)

    日本大学  

  • 心理学2

    日本大学  

  • 心理学1

    日本大学  

  • 心理学概論(教職)

    日本大学  

  • 心理学への招待Ⅱ

    宝塚大学  

  • 心理学への招待Ⅰ

    宝塚大学  

  • 心理学入門

    神戸女学院大学  

  • 行動科学概論

    神戸女学院大学  

  • 行動科学入門

    神戸女学院大学  

  • 心理学中級実験

    佛教大学  

  • 心理学初級実験

    佛教大学  

  • 心理学

    大阪医療秘書福祉専門学校  

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