Updated on 2022/05/21

写真a

 
KAWASAKI, Yayoi
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Human Sciences, School of Human Sciences
Job title
Assistant Professor(non-tenure-track)
Profile
・DRMパラダイム(連想関係にある単語リスト)を用いた虚記憶の生成過程についての研究
・バイリンガルの言語処理についての研究
・自伝的記憶の分布や機能についての研究
・多義的な知覚(the dress)に経験やコミュニケーションなどが与える影響についての研究
などを行っております。

Education

  • 2001.04
    -
    2004.03

    Kobe College  

  • 1999.04
    -
    2001.03

    Kobe College  

  • 1994.04
    -
    1998.03

    Kobe College   School of Human Sciences  

Degree

  • Kobe College   Master

  • Kobe College   Docter

Research Experience

  • 2022.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda Unibersity   Faculty of Human Sciences

  • 2020.04
    -
    2022.03

    Waseda University   Faculty of Human Sciences

  • 2019.04
    -
    2020.03

    Osaka City University   Graduate School of Literature and Human Sciences   Research Fellow

  • 2016.04
    -
    2019.03

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science   Senshu University Graduate School of Humanities   Postdoctorial Fellow (Restart)

  • 2009.04
    -
    2016.03

    Nihon University College of Humanities and Sciences   The Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences.   Research Fellow

  • 2007.04
    -
    2009.03

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science   Nihon University College of Humanities and Sciences   Postdoctorial Fellow (Restart)

  • 2004.04
    -
    2007.03

    Kobe College Graduate School of Human Sciences   Postdoctorial Fellow

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Professional Memberships

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    Psychologia Society

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    Psychonomic Society

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    日本社会心理学会

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    日本教育心理学会

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    法と心理学会

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    日本基礎心理学会

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    日本心理学会

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    Psychonomic Society

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Research Areas

  • Experimental psychology

  • Experimental psychology

Research Interests

  • 実験系心理学

  • autobiographical memory

  • bilingal memory

  • false memory

Papers

  • Cross-modal correspondence between visual information and taste perception of bitter foods and drinks

    Eriko Sugimori, Yayoi Kawasaki

    Food Quality and Preference   98  2022.01  [Refereed]

  • Color Judgments of #The Dress and #The Jacket in a Sample of Different Cultures

    Yayoi Kawasaki, J. Nick Reid, Kazuhiro Ikeda, Meiling Liu, Bodil S. A. Karlsson

    Perception   50 ( 3 ) 216 - 230  2021.03  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

     View Summary

    Two viral photographs, #The Dress and #The Jacket, have received recent attention in research on perception as the colors in these photos are ambiguous. In the current study, we examined perception of these photographs across three different cultural samples: Sweden (Western culture), China (Eastern culture), and India (between Western and Eastern cultures). Participants also answered questions about gender, age, morningness, and previous experience of the photographs. Analyses revealed that only age was a significant predictor for the perception of The Dress, as older people were more likely to perceive the colors as blue and black than white and gold. In contrast, multiple factors predicted perception of The Jacket, including age, previous experience, and country. Consistent with some previous research, this suggests that the perception of The Jacket is a different phenomenon from perception of The Dress and is influenced by additional factors, most notably culture.

    DOI

  • Mental-Imagery-Based Mnemonic Training: A New Kind of Cognitive Training.

    Xiaoyu Luan, Yayoi Kawasaki, Qi Chen, Eriko Sugimori

    Frontiers in psychology   12   740829 - 740829  2021  [International journal]

     View Summary

    We investigated the immediate and maintenance effects of mental-imagery-based mnemonic training on improving youths' working memory, long-term memory, arithmetic and spatial abilities, and fluid intelligence. In Experiment 1, 26 Chinese participants (15 boys, 11 girls) aged 10-16 years were divided into an experimental group that received 8 days of mental-imagery-based mnemonic training and a no-contact control group. Participants completed pre-, post-, and three follow-up tests (3, 6, and 12 months after the pre-test). In Experiment 2, 54 Chinese children (28 boys, 26 girls), all 12 years old, were divided into experimental and control groups. Participants completed pre-, post-, and follow-up tests (three months after the pre-test). Results showed that the training significantly affected long-term memory-related task performance but no effects were observed on working memory, arithmetic or spatial ability, or fluid intelligence-related tasks. Moreover, the effect of the training on long-term memory lasted up to one year; the more frequently the training was used, the more effective it was. A content analysis of the feedback submitted by parents of participants in Experiment 2 three months after the training showed that the children used the strategy more for memorizing content such as Chinese and English, as well as for musical scores. Furthermore, there was also the possibility that the training improved abilities and academic performance such as concentration and math performance. Our results provide a basis for the further exploration of mental-imagery-based mnemonic training as a novel training modality.

    DOI PubMed

  • 相手の普段と異なる行動が対人感情と原因帰属に 及ぼす効果

    豊田弘司, 川﨑弥生

    奈良教育大学 次世代教員養成センター研究紀要   5   1 - 7  2019.03

  • 努力と成果の随伴性による原因帰属が動機づけに及ぼす効果

    豊田弘司, 川﨑弥生

    奈良教育大学次世代教員養成センター研究紀要   3   23 - 30  2017.03

  • 独創性の高い作品制作に関連する心理学的要因:個人特性を媒介したほめ言葉と共行動の効果の検討

    池田和浩, 西浦和樹, 川﨑弥生

    日本創造学会論文誌   20   49 - 65  2017.03  [Refereed]

  • Autobiographical memory functions in young Japanese men and women

    Yoichi Maki, Yayoi Kawasaki, Burcu Demiray, Steve M. J. Janssen

    MEMORY   23 ( 1 ) 11 - 24  2015.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The present study examined whether the three major functions of autobiographical memory observed in Western societies (i.e., directing-behaviour, social-bonding and self-continuity) also exist in an East Asian society. Two self-report measures were used to assess the autobiographical memory functions of Japanese men and women. Japanese young adults (N = 451, ages 17-28 years) first completed the original Thinking About Life Experiences (TALE) Questionnaire. They subsequently received three TALE items that represented memory functions and attempted to recall a specific instance of memory recall for each item. Confirmatory factor analyses on the TALE showed that the three functions were replicated in the current sample. However, Japanese participants reported lower levels of all three functions than American participants in a previous study. We also explored whether there was an effect of gender in this Japanese sample. Women reported higher levels of the self-continuity and social-bonding functions than men. Finally, participants recalled more specific instances of memory recall for the TALE items that had received higher ratings on the TALE, suggesting that the findings on the first measure were supported by the second measure. Results are discussed in relation to the functional approach to autobiographical memory in a cross-cultural context.

    DOI

  • The Effects of Encouragement through Praise: Relationship between Praise and Collaborative Activity on Spontaneous Motivation.

    Ikeda Kazuhiro, Koizumi Yoshiko, Iijima Noriko, Kawasaki Yayoi, Nishiura Kazuki

    Research reports of Shokei Gakuin College   67   73 - 82  2014.12

    CiNii

  • Usefullness of an illustrated visual aid to promote consumer risk perception on the amount of pesticide residue in food

    PARK Sora, MASUDA Tomohiro, MURAKOSHI Takuma, KAWASAKI Yayoi, UTSUMI Ken, KIMURA Atsushi, KOYAMA Shinichi, HIBINO Haruo, HINO Akihiro, WADA Yuji

    JJHEP   22 ( 2 ) 100 - 110  2014  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Objective: We developed a visual aid on pesticide residue to promote better consumer understanding of risk control regarding amounts of pesticide residue in food, and examined the aid's effect on consumer risk perception relative to different design elements.<br>Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted for 80 graduate and undergraduate students to examine how participants would evaluate the risk posed by different levels of pesticide residue when the explanation was given using (1) text only, (2) text and a cumulative normal distribution function graph, or (3) text and an illustration vertically representing the amount of pesticide residue. After being presented with one of these three explanation conditions, participants were asked to use visual analogue scales to evaluate the risk presented in three separate scenarios. Data were subsequently analyzed using chi-square tests, with a correct response (CR) dichotomously defined as one in which the relative magnitude of the evaluated risk was sequentially congruent with the amount of pesticide residue presented.<br>Results: The results revealed differences between the overall expected and obtained CR ratios among explanation types for all questions (p\<0.05). A residual analysis indicated that CRs occurred more consistently than expected for the "text and illustration" condition (59.3-70.4%). Meanwhile, no difference was found between the expected and actual ratio of CRs for the "text only" condition (41.4-55.2%), and the ratio of CRs for the "text and graph" condition was lower than expected for two of the questions (16.7-33.3%).<br>Conclusion: One-dimensional illustration (text and illustration) is easier to understand and thus more useful as a tool to promote consumer risk perception on pesticide residue in food than the two-dimensional cumulative normal distribution function graph.

    DOI CiNii

  • Culture, Ambiguity Aversion and Choice in probability Judgments.

    Kuniko Adachi, Hiroshi Yama, Jean-Baptiste Van, der Henst, Hugo Mercier, Minoru Karasawa, Yayoi Kawasaki

    International Journal of Creativity & Problem Solving   23   63 - 78  2013.09  [Refereed]

  • Is the use of averaging in advice taking modulated by culture?

    Hugo Mercier, Hiroshi Yama, Yayoi Kawasaki, Kuniko Adachi, Jean-Baptiste Van Der Henst

    Journal of Cognition and Culture   12 ( 1-2 ) 1 - 16  2012  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Abstract Many recent experiments have explored the way people take advice into account. It has been observed that in so doing participants often rely on one of the two following strategies: averaging between the different opinions or choosing one of the opinions, as opposed to using more complex weighting strategies. While several factors that affect strategy choice have been investigated, no attention has been paid to potential cultural variations. Among the many relevant cross-cultural differences, results have show that Easterners tend to favor compromise more than Westerners, a difference that could translate into a greater preference for averaging in Eastern population. In Experiment 1, we confronted Japanese and French participants to two pieces of advice and asked them to form an aggregate answer. In Experiment 2, participants had to aggregate their own opinion and a piece of advice. In neither of the experiments were the Japanese more likely to use averaging than the French. Explanations for this robust absence of difference are suggested. The only difference that emerged was that the Japanese were more likely to choose the advice and less likely to choose their own answer than the French. Different interpretations of this result are discussed, including the possibility that it is an artefact of a theoretically irrelevant difference between the populations under study. © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2012.

    DOI

  • Temporal distribution of autobiographical memory: Uncovering the reminiscence bump in Japanese young and middle-aged adults

    Yayoi Kawasaki, Steve M. J. Janssen, Tomoyoshi Inoue

    JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH   53 ( 1 ) 86 - 96  2011.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The reminiscence bump is the effect that people recall more personal events from their teenage period than from adjacent lifetime periods. The effect is generally found in studies that divide the results of participants, who were at least 40 years old, into age bins of 10 years. In this study, the temporal distribution of autobiographical memories of Japanese young and middle-aged adults was examined. Because the questionnaire was presented on the internet, many participants could take part (N = 252). By dividing the personal events into smaller age bins and applying a mathematical method that corrects for the increased recall of recent events, a reminiscence bump could be identified in the memories of young adults. The location of the reminiscence bump of young adults was similar to the location of the reminiscence bump of middle-aged adults.

    DOI

  • A cross-cultural study of hindsight bias and conditional probabilistic reasoning

    Hiroshi Yama, Ken I. Manktelow, Hugo Mercier, Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst, Kyung Soo Do, Yayoi Kawasaki, Kuniko Adachi

    THINKING & REASONING   16 ( 4 ) 346 - 371  2010  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Hindsight bias is a mistaken belief that one could have predicted a given outcome once the outcome is known. Choi and Nisbett (2000) reported that Koreans showed stronger hindsight bias than Americans, and explained the results using the distinction between analytic cognition (Westerners) and holistic cognition (Easterners). The purpose of the present study was to see whether hindsight bias is stronger among Easterners than among Westerners using a probability judgement task, and to test an oexplicit-implicito hypothesis and a orule-dialecticso hypothesis. We predicted that the implicit process is more active among Easterners to generate hindsight bias, and that Easterners are more dialectical thinkers, whereas Westerners are more rule-based thinkers. French, British, Japanese, and Korean participants were asked to make probabilistic judgements in a Good Samaritan scenario (Experiment 1) and in a scenario including conditional probabilistic judgement (Experiment 2). In both Experiments, we presume that the implicit revision of causal models is made just by being given unexpected outcome information, and that explicit revision is made by being asked to point out possible factors for an unexpected outcome. In the results Easterners showed greater hindsight bias generally and it was greater in the Good Samaritan scenario. We conclude that the reason why hindsight bias was lower among Westerners is primarily that they tried to follow a rule to suppress the bias.

    DOI

  • A dual process model for cultural differences in thought

    Hiroshi Yama, Miwa Nishioka, Tomoko Horishita, Yayoi Kawasaki, Junichi Taniguchi

    Mind and Society   6 ( 2 ) 143 - 172  2007.11  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Nisbett et al. (Psychol Rev 108:291-310, 2001) claim that East Asians are likely to use holistic thought to solve problems, whereas Westerners use analytic thought more, and discuss the differences in the frame of the individualism/collectivism distinction. The holistic versus analytic distinction has been the greatest point of interest of dual process theories, which imply that human thinking has two sub processes. We apply a revised dual process model that proposes meme-acquired goals in both systems to explain cultural differences in thought. According to this, gene-installed goals are universal across cultures, whereas meme-acquired goals depend upon culture. To introduce a dual process model means that we discuss adaptation both in terms of culture and natural selection. Hence, we propose an interactive view that supports an adaptive relation between mind and culture. © 2007 Fondazione Rosselli.

    DOI

  • A dual process model for cultural differences in thought. A cross-cultural study of hindsight bias and conditional probabilistic reasoning.

    Hiroshi Yama, Miwa Nishioka, Tomoko Horishita, Yayoi Kawasaki, Jyun-ichi Taniguchi

    Mind and Society   6 ( 2 ) 143 - 172  2007.02  [Refereed]

  • Dealing with contradiction in a communicative context: A cross-cultural study.

    Jean-Baptiste Van, der Henst, Hugo Mercier, Hiroshi Yama, Yayaoi Kawasaki, Kuniko Adachi

    Intercultural Pragamatics   3-4   487 - 502  2006.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • The choosing versus rejecting of a person : An explanation of self-critical bias

    TANIGUCHI Junichi, YAMA Hiroshi, KAWASAKI Yayoi, HORISHITA Tomoko, NISHIOKA Miwa

    Japanese Journal of Social Psychology ( Before 1996, Research in Social Psychology )   21 ( 3 ) 226 - 232  2006.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Shafir (1993) found that people select an alternative which is positive on some dimensions and negative on others more often than one with average dimensions. We applied his methodology to the choice of a person. It is argued that Japanese people prefer a person with an average disposition. But is it that they really prefer this or that they believe that others do? We presented a scenario where two persons wanted to join a party with your group. One was positive on some dimensions and negative on others, whereas the other had an average disposition. One hundred and seven female students were asked to choose one of the two persons, and 113 female students were asked to reject one of the two. They were also asked to infer which person the other members of their group would choose or reject. The results were that our participants chose and rejected the person with positive and negative dimensions in the self-decision condition, whereas they inferred that other members would choose the average person. These imply that self-critical bias may reflect an adaptive strategy as to the selection of persons.

    DOI CiNii

  • The difference between implicit and explicit associative processes at study in creating false memory in the DRM paradigm

    Y Kawasaki, H Yama

    MEMORY   14 ( 1 ) 68 - 78  2006.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The effects of implicit and explicit associative processes for false recognition were examined by manipulating exposure duration of studied items; 20 ms or 2000 ms. Participants studied lists of words that were high associates to a nonpresented word (critical lure) in either condition. After learning each list, they took a recognition test and remember/know judgements immediately (Experiment 1) or 1 minute later (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, know responses for critical lures were more in the 20 ms than in the 2000 ms conditions, while remember responses for them were more in the 2000 ms condition. Implicit associative processes create familiarity of critical lures, and explicit associative processes create details of false memories. Comparing the results of Experiment 1 with those of Experiment 2, remember responses for critical lures were increased with the prolonged time only in the 20 ms condition. Characteristics of false memory made by implicit associative processes could be changed by prolonged time.

    DOI

  • Creating False Memories Using Japanese Words with the Paradigm of Roediger & McDermott (1995)

    Yayoi KAWASAKI, Hiroshi YAMA

    論集   51 ( 2 ) 209 - 220  2004.12

     View Summary

    This experiment was designed to examine false memories. Twenty-five participants listened to eight lists of 15words. Each list was composed of associates of a single non-presented word: critical lure. After listening to each list, they took immediate free recall tests or solved math problems. In the recall test, 60% of the critical lures and 55% of list items in the middle positions were recalled. Five minutes after learning, they took a final recognition test. The proportion of false recognition of the critical lures were 92% (falsely recalled) and 74% (not recalled). The results suggest that the participants had difficulty in discriminating what they imaged from what they really heard.

    CiNii

  • Cross-linguistic false recognition: How do japanese-dominant bilinguals process two languages: Japanese and english?

    Yayoi Miyaji-Kawasaki, Tomoyoshi Inoue, Hiroshi Yama

    Psychologia   46 ( 4 ) 255 - 267  2004.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The present study applied the false memory experimental paradigm to the functional independence-interdependence issue of bilinguals. Seventy-four Japanese university students who had learned English for at least seven years participated in a list-learning experiment. Most of them were considered as Japanese-dominant bilinguals. Twelve 15-word-list (180 words) were successively presented. Each list was constructed so that a non-presented word (CNW) would be falsely recognized. Six lists were presented in Japanese and the other six lists were presented in English. Half of the recognition test words were presented in English and the rest in Japanese. These factors were orthogonal. The results showed that, although hit rates were higher when the list language and the test language matched, false-alarm rates of CNWs were higher when the test language was Japanese. These supported the unbalanced, independent storage model, which was proposed in the present study.

    DOI CiNii

  • Making Japanese lists which induce false memory at high probability for the DRM paradigm

    KAWASAKI Yayoi, YAMA Hiroshi

    The Japanese Journal of PSychological Science   21 ( 1 ) 21 - 26  2002.09  [Refereed]

    DOI

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Books and Other Publications

Misc

Works

  • 日英二言語処理過程の検討

    1999
    -
     

  • Research about the information processing of bilingal.

    1999
    -
     

Awards

  • Best paper award

    2017.09   Japan Creative Society   The psychological factors related to works with high subjective originality: An examination focusiong on praise and coaction by personal traits.

    Winner: IKEDA Kazuhiro, NISHIURA Kazuki, KAWASAKI Yayoi

Research Projects

  • 虚記憶の生成を抑制する検索過程の働きの解明

    文部科学省  科学研究費補助金 特別研究員奨励費

    Project Year :

    2016.04
    -
    2019.03
     

    川﨑弥生

  • 国際学会参加費補助

    神戸女学院めぐみ会  一般奨学金

    Project Year :

    2010.11
    -
     
     

    川﨑弥生

  • 符号化における学習項目の処理の深さが虚記憶の生成に与える影響

    文部科学省  科学研究費補助金 特別研究員奨励費

    Project Year :

    2007.04
    -
    2009.03
     

    川﨑弥生

  • Cross-cultural studies on the human resolution of contradiction

    Project Year :

    2005.07
    -
    2008.03
     

    Hiroshi Yama

  • Research about autobiographical memory

    Project Year :

    2005
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  • 虚記憶の出現過程についての研究

    神戸女学院めぐみ会  一般奨学金

    Project Year :

    2002.11
    -
     
     

    川﨑弥生

  • Research about the information processing of bilingal

  • Research about the process of creating false memory

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Specific Research

  • 虚記憶の生成に検索過程が与える影響

    2021  

     View Summary

    高い確率で非提示語(以下ルアー語)の虚記憶を生成する単語リスト(宮地・山,2002)を8つ提示し、その後の記憶テストを行った。条件1では、各単語は画面の中央に同じ色で提示された。条件2では、各単語の色(赤・青)と画面の位置(上・下)を変化させ、各単語の色と位置を記憶するよう教示した。記憶テストでは、提示リスト語、非提示無関連語、非提示ルアー語が個別に提示され、提示されたかどうかを判断させた。また条件3では、リスト語の提示条件と教示は条件2と同じであったが、記憶テストに提示時の色と位置の判断を追加した。その結果、単語の色や位置を記憶する必要性は、提示されたリスト語の再認率を低下させるが、ルアー語の虚再認率には影響を与えないことがわかった。さらに、再生テスト時に提示された時の色や位置の判断を課してもルアー語の虚再認率は減少しないことが明らかとなった。

  • 単語リストの性質を用いた虚記憶生起モデルの作成

    2021  

     View Summary

    実際には起こらなかったことを、実際に起こったこととして誤って思い出すことを虚記憶という(Roediger & McDermott, 1995)。この虚記憶の生成過程を検討する方法として単語リスト学習パラダイム(以下DRMパラダイム)がある。DRMパラダイムでは、単語の連想関係を基に、実験参加者に1つの非提示語を連想させ提示語として誤って想起するように作成された単語リストを用いる(e.g., 宮地・山, 2001)。しかし同じように連想基準表の連想価を基に単語リストを作成しても、その単語リスト毎に虚記憶の虚再生率が大幅に異なることがわかっている(e.g., 宮地・山, 2001)。そこで本研究では、これまで作成されたDRMパラダイムに使用される日本語の単語リスト(e.g., 宮地・山, 2001; Kawasaki & Okubo, 2019)を用いて、Cann,McRae, & Katz(2011)を参考に、虚記憶の生成率が同意語や反意語の数、単語の品詞などから予測できるかを分析中である。

 

Syllabus

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Teaching Experience

  • 2年次演習(心理学)

    東京女子大学  

    2020.04
    -
    Now
     

  • 学生生活とセルフマネジメント

    早稲田大学  

    2020.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Study skill

    Waseda University  

    2020.04
    -
    Now
     

  • 心理学基礎実験2

    専修大学  

  • 基礎心理学特殊講義7(記憶)

    専修大学  

  • 基礎演習2

    明治学院大学  

  • 社会心理学

    カリタス短期大学  

  • 発達と学習(教職)

    日本大学  

  • 心理学2

    日本大学  

  • 心理学1

    日本大学  

  • 心理学概論(教職)

    日本大学  

  • 心理学への招待Ⅱ

    宝塚大学  

  • 心理学への招待Ⅰ

    宝塚大学  

  • 心理学入門

    神戸女学院大学  

  • 行動科学概論

    神戸女学院大学  

  • 行動科学入門

    神戸女学院大学  

  • 心理学中級実験

    佛教大学  

  • 心理学初級実験

    佛教大学  

  • 心理学

    大阪医療秘書福祉専門学校  

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