Updated on 2022/01/28

写真a

 
SHIMIZU, Hiroshi
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Commerce, School of Commerce
Job title
Professor

Concurrent Post

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

Research Institute

  • 2019
    -
     

    産業経営研究所   兼任研究所員

Education

  • 2004.09
    -
    2007.08

    London School of Economics and Political Science   Economic History Department  

  • 1997.04
    -
    2005.03

    Hitotsubashi University   Graduate School, Division of Commerce  

  • 2001.09
    -
    2003.08

    Northwestern University   Department of History   History of Science and Technology  

  •  
    -
    1997.03

    Chuo University   Faculty of Commerce   Business Management  

Degree

  • London School of Economics and Political Science   Ph.D

  • Northwestern University   Master of Arts

  • Hitotsubashi University   Master of Commerce

Research Experience

  • 2019.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Commerce   Professor

  • 2017.04
    -
    2019.03

    Hitotsubashi University   Institute of Innovation Research   Professor

  • 2017.04
    -
    2018.03

    Hitotsubashi University   Graduate School of Commerce and Management   Professor

  • 2011.04
    -
    2017.03

    Hitotsubashi University   Institute of Innovation Research   Associate Professor

  • 2008.09
    -
    2011.03

    Hitotsubashi University   Institute of Innovation Research   Assistant Professor

  • 2007.10
    -
    2008.08

    アイントホーヘン工科大学(オランダ)   テクノロジーマネジメント部門イノベーション・スタディ   ポストドクトラル・リサーチフェロー

▼display all

Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    Academy of Management

  •  
     
     

    Business History Society of Japan

  •  
     
     

    The Academic Association for Organizational Science

  •  
     
     

    International Joseph Alois Schumpeter Society

 

Research Areas

  • Business administration

Research Interests

  • アントレプレナーシップ

  • Innovation

Papers

  • Who explores further? Evidence on R&D outsourcing from the survey of research and development

    Shotaro Yamaguchi, Ryuji Nitta, Yasushi Hara, Hiroshi Shimizu

    R&D Management    2020.09  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author

    DOI

  • Apprenticeship and product quality: empirical analysis on the sake brewing industry

    Keisuke Hori, Yusuke Hoshino, Hiroshi Shimizu

    Management & Organizational History   15 ( 1 ) 40 - 64  2020.01  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author

    DOI

  • Management of science, serendipity, and research performance: Evidence from a survey of scientists in Japan and the U.S.

    Kota Murayama, Makoto Nirei, Hiroshi Shimizu

    Research Policy   44 ( 4 ) 862 - 873  2015  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In science, research teams are increasing in size, which suggests that science is becoming more organisational. This paper aims to empirically investigate the effects of the division of labour in management and science on serendipity, which has been considered one of the great factors in science. Specifically, in examining the survey of scientists conducted in Japan and the U.S., this paper treats the following questions: Does pursuing serendipity really bring about better scientific outcomes? How does the division of labour in science influence serendipity and publication productivity? The empirical results suggest that serendipity actually brings about better research quality on average. It also finds that if the managerial role is played by a leading scientist in the team, this is positively associated with the quality of the paper through allowing researchers to pursue serendipitous findings. In contrast, if the managerial role and leading research role are played by different members, this has a positive association with the number of papers published, as the project size becomes larger. These results indicate there is a trade-off between serendipity and publication productivity in science via who plays the leading role in research and management. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Reassessing patent propensity: Evidence from a dataset of R&D awards, 1977-2004

    Roberto Fontana, Alessandro Nuvolari, Hiroshi Shimizu, Andrea Vezzulli

    RESEARCH POLICY   42 ( 10 ) 1780 - 1792  2013.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    It is well known that not all innovations are patented, but the exact volume of innovative activities undertaken outside the coverage of patent protection and, relatedly, the actual propensity to patent an innovation in different contexts remain, to a major degree, a matter of speculation. This paper presents an exploratory study comparing systematically patented and unpatented innovations over the period 1977-2004 across industrial sectors. The main data source is the 'R&D 100 Awards' competition organized by the journal Research and Development. Since 1963, the magazine has been awarding this prize to the 100 most technologically significant new products available for sale or licensing in the year preceding the judgments. We match the products winners of the R&D 100 awards competition with USPTO patents and we examine the variation of patent propensity across different contexts (industries, geographical areas and organizations). Finally we compare our findings with previous assessments of patent propensity based on several sources of data. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Schumpeterian patterns of innovation and the sources of breakthrough inventions: evidence from a data-set of R&D awards

    Roberto Fontana, Alessandro Nuvolari, Hiroshi Shimizu, Andrea Vezzulli

    JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY ECONOMICS   22 ( 4 ) 785 - 810  2012.09  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper examines the relationship between Schumpeterian patterns of innovation and the generation of breakthrough inventions. Our data source for breakthrough inventions is the "R&D 100 awards" competition organized each year by the magazine Research & Development. Since 1963, this magazine has been awarding this prize to 100 most technologically significant new products available for sale or licensing in the year preceding the judgment. We use USPTO patent data to measure the relevant dimensions of the technological regime prevailing in each sector and, on this basis, we provide a characterization of each sector in terms of the Schumpeter Mark I/Schumpeter Mark II archetypes. Our main finding is that breakthrough inventions are more likely to emerge in 'turbulent' Schumpeter Mark I type of contexts.

    DOI

  • Benesse Art Site Naoshima: Corporate Identity Building and Local Development (jointly worked)

    Nitta, Ryuji, Shotaro Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Shimizu

    Hitotsubashi Bussiness Review   66 ( 4 ) 110 - 123  2019.03

  • TBM: Green Entrepreneur Solving Environmental Problems by Innovation (jointly worked)

    Shimizu, Hiroshi, Taketoshi Yamaguchi, Nobuyoshi Yamasaki

    Hitotsubashi Bussiness Review   66 ( 4 ) 34 - 46  2019.03

  • イノベーションと流動性:企業の成長と脱成熟のジレンマ (共著)

    清水 洋, 山口 翔太郎, 金 東勲

    証券アナリストジャーナル   56 ( 6 ) 6 - 15  2018.06  [Invited]

    Authorship:Corresponding author

  • Staying Young at Heart or Wisdom of Age: Longitudinal Analysis of Age and Performance in US and Japanese Firms (jointly worked)

    Yamaguchi, Shotaro, Ryuji Nitta, Yasushi Hara, Hiroshi Shimizu

    IIR Working Paper WP#18-41 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2018.06

  • Tomohiro Nishikado, Oral History (3rd, 2): Game Design and Marketing of "Space Invaders" (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Tomohiro Nishikado, Oral History (2nd, 1): Development of "Sky Fighter" (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Tomohiro Nishikado, Oral History (1st, 2): Since High School Days until Joining PMC (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Tomohiro Nishikado, Oral History (1st, 1): Personal History until Junior High School Days (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Hideki Satoh, Oral History (3nd, 2): Sega Saturn, Dreamcast, the Turning into Software Developer (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Hideki Satoh, Oral History (3nd, 1): Hardware and Software in Games (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Hideki Satoh, Oral History (2nd, 2): Competition with Nintendo in Consumer Game Machine (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Hideki Satoh, Oral History (2nd, 1): The Outset of Developing TV Games (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Hideki Satoh, Oral History (1st, 2): From Junior High School until Entrance into SEGA (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Hideki Satoh, Oral History (1st, 1): The Life in Childhood (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Tomohiro Nishikado, Oral History (3rd, 1): Process of Developing "Space Invaders" (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Tomohiro Nishikado, Oral History (2nd, 2): From Mechanical Games to Video Games (jointly worked)

       2018.02

  • Youji Kawaguchi, Oral History (1st, 2): The Pioneering Magazine of Consumer Games (jointly worked)

       2018.01

  • Youji Kawaguchi, Oral History (1st, 1): Before the Job of Publishing the Game Magazine (jointly worked)

       2018.01

  • Which Do You Prefer, Artisanal or Laboratory Made?: Tension between Science and Tradition in Sake Brewing (jointly worked)

    Keisuke Hori, Yusuke Hoshino, Shimizu Hiroshi

    Hitotsubashi Journal of Commerce and Management   51 ( 1 ) 1 - 16  2017.10

  • Spin-Outs and Patterns of Subsequent Innovation: Technological Development of Laser Diodes in the US and Japan (jointly worked)

    Shimizu, Hiroshi, Naohiko Wakutsu

    IIR Working Paper WP#17-14 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2017.08

  • 時間を長くとりませんか

    清水 洋

    組織科学   50 ( 4 ) 85 - 85  2017.06

  • Innovation Is Becoming Low Hanging Fruit?

    Shimizu, Hiroshi

    Hitotsubashi Business Review   64 ( 4 ) 90 - 98  2017.03

  • イノベーションに何が必要か(下)スピンアウトに功罪両面―累積的な技術改善に支障

    清水洋

    日本経済新聞    2016.12

  • Is Statistics the Most Powerful Approach in Management Studies?: Can't be!, But It is Being Constructed as "the Best"

    Shimizu, Hiroshi

    Management Philosophy   13 ( 2 ) 2 - 10  2016.10

  • コラム: 価値創りの新しいカタチ ― オープン・イノベーションを考える (1)-(5)

    清水洋

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   64 ( 1 ) 100 - 103  2016.06

  • やさしい経済学:イノベーションを考える 第1章 新しい価値とは

    清水洋

    日本経済新聞    2016.02

  • オリンパス:胃カメラとファイバースコープの開発 (共著)

    山口翔太郎, 清水洋

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   63 ( 2 ) 110 - 113  2015.09

  • 日本企業には適さないのか? (共著)

    清水洋, 諏訪暁彦

    米倉誠一郎・清水洋(編)『オープン・イノベーションのマネジメント:高い経営成果を生む仕組みづくり』     35 - 54  2015.03

  • 異なる知識をどのようにすり合わせるのか?

    清水 洋

    米倉誠一郎・清水洋(編)『オープン・イノベーションのマネジメント:高い経営成果を生む仕組みづくり』     111 - 138  2015.03

  • 技術革新を超える (共著)

    清水洋, 星野達也, 中井博之, 村上まり恵

    米倉誠一郎・清水洋(編)『オープン・イノベーションのマネジメント:高い経営成果を生む仕組みづくり』     257 - 277  2015.03

  • オープン・イノベーションと日本企業のチャレンジ

    清水 洋

    化学工業   66   67 - 72  2015.02

  • Collaboration and Innovation Speed: Evidence from a Prize Data-Set, 1955-2010 (jointly worked)

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Yusuke Hoshino

    IIR Working Paper WP#15-04 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2015.01

  • 味の素:健康リスク解析サービス「アミノインデックス」の事業化におけるコラボレーション

    清水 洋

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   62 ( 3 ) 144 - 158  2014.12

  • なぜ「本命」ではなかった彼らが成し遂げたのか

    清水 洋

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   62 ( 3 ) 94 - 99  2014.12

  • Vectran: Development of High-Functionality Fiber and its Applications at Kuraray Co., Ltd. (jointly worked)

    Keisuke Hori, Yusuke Hoshino, Hiroshi Shimizu

    IIR Working Paper WP#14-06 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2014.10

  • パナソニック:モノリシック2波長高出力半導体レーザー:キャッシュカウを育てる成熟市場での戦略 (共著)

    清水 洋, 三浦 紗綾子

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   62 ( 2 ) 130 - 144  2014.09

  • 世界で勝つためのイノベーション経営論

    清水 洋, 米倉 誠一郎

    経済界    2014.04

  • イノベーションの誤解

    清水 洋

    週刊エコノミスト    2014.03

  • イノベーションの大きな流れ

    清水 洋

    月刊監査役   2 ( 624 ) 26 - 37  2014.02

  • Entrepreneurial Spin-Outs and Vanishing Technological Trajectory: Laser Diodes in the U.S. and Japan (jointly worked)

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Naohiko Wakutsu

    IIR Working Paper WP#13-21 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2014.01

  • 住友電気工業:研究開発と事業化戦略の転換-青紫色半導体レーザー用窒化ガリウム基板の開発を事例として (共著)

    清水 洋, 丸山 康明

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   61 ( 2 ) 116 - 128  2013.09

  • 経営史

    清水 洋

    『はじめての経営学』東洋経済新報社     174 - 191  2013.05

  • Management of Science, Serendipity, and Research Performance: Evidence from Scientists' Survey (jointly worked)

    Kota Murayama, Makoto Nirei, Hiroshi Shimizu

    IIR Working Paper WP#13-13 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2013.05

  • 科学技術イノベーション政策における経営学の役割 (共著)

    清水 洋, 青島 矢一

    研究技術計画   27 ( 3/4 ) 183 - 196  2013.04

  • Intermediary Functions and the Market for Innovation in Meiji and Taishō Japan

    Tom Nicholas, Hiroshi Shimizu

    The Business History Review   87 ( 1 ) 121 - 149  2013  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Japan experienced a transformational phase of technological development during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. We argue that an important, but so far neglected, factor was a developing market for innovation and a patent-attorney system that was conducive to rapid technical change. We support our hypothesis using patent data and we also present a detailed case study on Tomogorō Ono, a key developer of salt-production technology who used attorneys in connection with his patenting work at a time when Japan was still in the process of formally institutionalizing its patent-attorney system. In accordance with Lamoreaux and Sokoloff's 1999 influential study of trade in invention in the United States, our quantitative and qualitative evidence highlights how inventors and intermediaries in Japan interacted to create a market for new ideas. © 2013 The President and Fellows of Harvard College.

    DOI

  • Reassessing patent propensity: Evidence from a dataset of R&D awards, 1977–2004

    Roberto Fontana, Aless, ro Nuvolari, Hiroshi Shimizu, Andrea Vezzulli

    Research Policy   42 ( 10 ) 1780 - 1792  2013

     View Summary

    It is well known that not all innovations are patented, but the exact volume of innovative activities undertaken outside the coverage of patent protection and, relatedly, the actual propensity to patent an innovation in different contexts remain, to a major degree, a matter of speculation. This paper presents an exploratory study comparing systematically patented and unpatented innovations over the period 1977-2004 across industrial sectors. The main data source is the 'R&amp
    D 100 Awards' competition organized by the journal Research and Development. Since 1963, the magazine has been awarding this prize to the 100 most technologically significant new products available for sale or licensing in the year preceding the judgments. We match the products winners of the R&amp
    D 100 awards competition with USPTO patents and we examine the variation of patent propensity across different contexts (industries, geographical areas and organizations). Finally we compare our findings with previous assessments of patent propensity based on several sources of data. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Schumpeterian patterns of innovation and the sources of breakthrough inventions: evidence from a data-set of R&D awards

    Fontana, Roberto, Nuvolari, Aless, ro, Shimizu, Hiroshi, Vezzulli, Andrea

    Long Term Economic Development     313 - 340  2013

  • Open Innovation Management: Exploration for New Combination and Knowledge Management (jointly worked)

      60 ( 2 ) 28 - 41  2012.09

  • 経営資源の補完を目指した日蘭合弁事業 超高強力ポリエチレン繊維「ダイニーマ®(Dyneema)」の開発 (共著)

    星野雄介, 清水洋

    IIRケーススタディ CASE#12-02(一橋大学イノベーション研究センター)    2012.06

  • A Pitfall of Environmental Policy: An analysis of “Eco-point Program” in Japan and its application to the renewable energy policy (jointly worked)

    Yaichi Aoshima, Hiroshi Shimizu

    IIR Working Paper WP#12-12 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2012.05

  • The Nature of Inventive Activities: Evidence from a Data-Set of the Okouchi Prizes and a Comparison with the R&D 100 Awards (jointly worked)

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Yusuke Hoshino

    IIR Working Paper WP#12-02 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2012.02

  • Business History

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Hitotsubashi Business Review    2011.03

  • 日本の業界団体:産業政策と企業の能力構築の共進化 (共著)

    清水洋, 米倉誠一郎

    制度転換期の企業と市場     195 - 220  2011.03

  • SCIENTIFIC BREAKTHROUGHS AND NETWORKS IN THE CASE OF SEMICONDUCTOR LASER TECHNOLOGY IN THE US AND JAPAN, 1960s-2000s

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    AUSTRALIAN ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW   51 ( 1 ) 71 - 96  2011.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    United States organisations took a clear lead in semiconductor laser research until the mid-1970s. After the 1980s, many important breakthroughs were developed by Japanese organisations. Exploring the journal Applied Physics Letters, this study examines how semiconductor laser technology developed in these two countries and how this change in the country-level industrial leadership in the scientific research occurred. Examining the relationship among industrial organisations, research networks, and scientific breakthroughs, it discusses how these coevolved and how breakthroughs were channelled in different directions. R&D targets were channelled into small markets in the US, but were concentrated into the same markets in Japan.

    DOI

  • Community Building Leadership in Science and Technology: Hayashi Izuo and Laser Diodes

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Hitotsubashi Business Review   58 ( 4 ) 52 - 65  2011.03

  • Role of doctoral scientists in corporate R&D in laser diode research in Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Yasushi Hara

    Prometheus (United Kingdom)   29 ( 1 ) 5 - 21  2011  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    With the advancement of technology and increase in its complexity, the use of external information and resources provides companies with an important competitive advantage. In addition, the university-industry relationship has received attention with increases in the importance of science. Exploring papers on laser diodes published in Applied Physics Letters and patents from 1960 to 2000, this study analyses the roles of corporate scientists with doctoral degrees in laser diode technology. The study focuses on the different roles played by two types of doctoral scientists: university-based and industry-based. It explores both direct and indirect contributions of doctoral corporate scientists to R&amp
    D by examining their papers and patents. The results indicate that both types achieved a higher average number of papers and patents than non-doctoral scientists. Exploring the co-authors of doctoral scientists to determine the indirect effect of doctoral scientists on corporate R&amp
    D, this study observes that the co-authors of industry-based doctoral corporate scientists published more papers or filed more patents. This study confirms that industry-based doctoral corporate scientists play an important role in promoting corporate R&amp
    D by linking corporate R&amp
    D with university research. © 2011 Taylor &amp
    Francis.

    DOI

  • How Well Does Knowledge Travel? The Transition from Energy to Commercial Application of Laser Diode Fabrication Technology (jointly worked)

    Shimizu,Hiroshi Shimizu, Satoshi Kudo

    Business and Economic History On-Line   9  2011.01

  • Book Review: Ulrike Schaede, Choose and Focus: Japanese Business Strategies for the 21st Century

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    the Journal of Asian Studies   69 ( 3 ) 916 - 918  2010.12

  • ソニー: MOCVD法による化合物半導体デバイスの開発と量産化 (共著)

    工藤悟志, 清水洋

    IIRケーススタディ CASE#10-09(一橋大学イノベーション研究センター)    2010.12

  • Science and Technology in the Lost Two Decades: R&D Efficiency and Changes in Resource Allocation

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Hitotsubashi Business Review   58 ( 2 ) 58 - 72  2010.12

  • Pitfalls of Open Innovation: Technological Trajectory in Laser Diodes in the United States and Japan (jointly worked)

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Takashi Hirao

    Business and Economic History On-Line   8  2010.10

  • Book Review: Choose and Focus: Japanese Business Strategies for the 21st Century by Ulrike Schaede

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    the Journal of Asian Studies   69 ( 3 ) 916 - 918  2010.09

  • Entrepreneurship in Pre World War II Japan: Organizational Innovation, the role and logic of the Zaibatsu (jointly worked)

    米倉誠一郎, 清水洋

    The Invention of Enterprise: Entrepreneurship from Ancient Mesopotamia to Modern Times     501 - 526  2010.08  [Refereed]

  • Different evolutionary paths: Technological development of laser diodes in the US and Japan, 1960–2000

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Business History   52 ( 7 ) 1151 - 1181  2010  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Exploring the technological development of laser diodes from 1960 to 2000, this study examines how US and Japanese firms diverged from the same technological target to take separate evolutionary paths over time and came to be competitive in the different areas. Scrutinising the level of vertical integration, entrepreneurial start-ups, scientists' mobility and research networks, it shows that RD efforts were scattered over different technological domains, giving US firms the chance to obtain technological advantages in customised and small markets. RD efforts were concentrated in the same targeted markets in Japan, giving Japanese companies the opportunity to capture the markets offering the highest sales volumes.

    DOI

  • Scientific and Technological Breakthroughs and Networks in the Case of Semiconductor Laser Technology in the U.S. and Japan, 1960-2000

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Hitotsubashi University Center for Japanese Business Studies   114  2010.01

  • 株式会社東芝:0.6μm帯可視光半導体レーザの開発 (共著)

    工藤悟志, 清水洋

    IIRケーススタディ CASE#10-01(一橋大学イノベーション研究センター)    2010.01

  • The Nature of Inventive Activities: Evidence from a Data-Set of R&D Awards

    Roberto Fontana, Alessandro Nuvolari, Hiroshi Shimizu, Andrea Vezzulli

    IIR Working Paper WP#09-09 Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University    2009.12

  • Inter-Organizational Collaboration in Semiconductor Laser Technology in the U.S. and Japan: University-Industry Relation

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Takashi Hirao

    International Journal of Global Business and Competitiveness   4 ( 1 ) 15 - 21  2009.12

  • The Nature of Inventive Activities: Evidence from a Data-Set of R&D Awards (jointly worked)

    Roberto Fontana, Alessandro Nuvolari, Hiroshi Shimizu, Andrea Vezzulli

    Hitotsubashi University IIR Working Paper    2009.06

  • Networking and Scientific Breakthrough in Semiconductor Laser Technology in the US and Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Takashi Hirao

    PROCEEDINGS OF THE 4TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION     420 - +  2009

     View Summary

    By exploring the U.S. and Japanese engineers' networking and research outcome in semiconductor laser technology, this study aims to investigate how the central location in research networks among engineers influenced their research outcome. More concretely, exploring co-authored papers on semiconductor laser technology published in Applied Physics Letters, this study examines how structural location could be advantageous for U.S. and Japanese engineers and how they used networks in their research. It presents that degree centrality, which is measured by the number of direct ties, is positively associated with the number of citations that an engineer obtained for both U.S. and Japanese engineers. It also observes that betweenness, which locates the geodesic paths between all pairs of engineers and counts how frequently each engineer falls in each pathway, does not show significant influence on research outcome for both U.S. and Japanese engineers. Even though this paper presents that being centrally located with direct ties plays an important role in U.S. and Japanese research networks, it shows different network formation between U.S and Japanese engineers. It presents that U.S. engineers developed their networks beyond their organizational boundary, while Japanese engineers heavily relied on in-house networks.

  • Inter-organizational collaborative research networks in semiconductor lasers 1975–1994

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Takashi Hirao

    The Social Science Journal   46 ( 2 )  2009  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Collaborative Research Networks in Semiconductor Laser Technology, 1960-2000: A Comparative Perspective on Networks and Breakthroughs in the U.S. and Japan (jointly worked)

    清水 洋

    Business and Economic History On-Line   ( 6 )  2008.04

  • サウスウェスト航空:ポイント・システムの経営戦略

    清水 洋

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   53 ( 4 )  2007.04

  • The International History of Japanese Economic Thought and Policy, 1945-2000 (jointly worked)

    清水 洋(ローラ・ヘイン

    経済学史研究   47 ( 1 ) 79 - 93  2005.04  [Refereed]

  • ヤマト運輸 (共著)

    清水 洋

    有斐閣    2005.04

  • 茨城県東海村臨界事故:組織の危機管理

    清水 洋

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   50 ( 4 ) 146 - 161  2003.04

  • 産業政策と企業行動の社会的合成:石油化学工業の『利益なき繁栄』

    清水 洋

    企業の発展    2002.05

  • ヤマト運輸:競争とビジネスモデルの革新

    清水 洋

    一橋ビジネスレビュー   49 ( 1 ) 120 - 131  2001.04

  • 新日本窒素肥料株式会社の石油化学工業への進出と水俣病問題―目的と手段の非一貫性

    清水 洋

    経営史学   35 ( 2 ) 75 - 94  2000.04  [Refereed]

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Books and Other Publications

  • 野生化するイノベーション

    清水 洋( Part: Sole author)

    新潮選書  2019.08

  • General Purpose Technology, Spin-Out, and Innovation: Technological Development of Laser Diodes in the United States and Japan

    SHIMIZU Hiroshi( Part: Sole author)

    Springer  2019.05

  • Innovations in General Purpose Technology: Technological Development of Laser Diode in US and Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu( Part: Sole author)

    Yuhikaku  2016.03 ISBN: 9784641164697

  • イノベーション・マネジメント入門(第2版) (共著)

    清水洋, 青島 矢一( Part: Sole author, イノベーションと企業間システム)

    日本経済新聞出版社  2017.10 ISBN: 9784532134747

  • イノベーション・マネジメント入門(第2版) (共著)

    清水 洋, 青島 矢一( Part: Edit, イノベーションを実現する資源動員と知識創造)

    日本経済新聞出版社  2017.10 ISBN: 9784532134747

  • イノベーション・マネジメント入門(第2版) (共著)

    清水洋, 野間幹晴( Part: Joint author, イノベーションとアントレプレナーシップ)

    日本経済新聞出版社  2017.10 ISBN: 9784532134747

  • イノベーション・マネジメント入門(第2版) (共著)

    清水洋, 米倉誠一郎( Part: Edit, イノベーションの歴史)

    日本経済新聞出版社  2017.10 ISBN: 9784532134747

  • イノベーション・マネジメント入門(第2版)

    一橋大学イノベーション研究センター, 清水 洋( Part: Edit)

    日本経済新聞出版社  2017.10 ISBN: 9784532134747

  • オープン・イノベーションのマネジメント:高い経営成果を生む仕組みづくり

    米倉誠一郎, 清水洋( Part: Joint editor)

    有斐閣  2015.03 ISBN: 9784641164581

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Awards

  • Schumpeter Prize

    2021.07   International Schumpeter Society   General Purpose Technology, Spin-Out, and Innovation: Technological Development of Laser Diodes in the United States and Japan

  • 組織学会高宮賞

    2017.06   組織学会  

     View Summary

    『ジェネラル・パーパス・テクノロジーのイノベーション -半導体レーザーの技術進化の日米比較-』

  • 日経・経済図書文化賞

    2016.11   日本経済新聞社・日本経済研究センター   『ジェネラル・パーパス・テクノロジーのイノベーション』

Research Projects

  • スピンアウトと人材の流動性が汎用性の高い技術のイノベーションに与える影響

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業

    Project Year :

    2015.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Innovation in Science and Technology

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2010.04
    -
    Now
     

  • International Comparative Study of Scientists Network

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2009.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Spin-out and General Purpose Technology

    Project Year :

    2007.04
    -
    Now
     

  • The Technological Development of Semiconductor Lasers

    Project Year :

    2005.04
    -
    Now
     

  • 領域横断的リンケージに注目したイノベーションシステムの実証的解明

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(A)

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2025.03
     

    青島 矢一, 大山 睦, 江藤 学, 和泉 章, 中島 賢太郎, 吉岡 徹, カン ビョンウ, 延岡 健太郎, 軽部 大, 清水 洋, パドロン・エルナンデス イバ

  • Empirical Research on Corporate Entrepreneurship

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2025.03
     

  • 伝統産業における熟練とイノベーションの実証研究

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(B)

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2025.03
     

    星野 雄介, 堀 圭介, 清水 洋, 原 泰史, 金 東勲

  • Mobility and Innovation

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Project Year :

    2019.04
    -
    2024.03
     

  • Managerial Resource Mobility and Innovation:Longitudinal Comparative Analysis

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Fund for the Promotion of Joint International Research (Fostering Joint International Research (A))

    Project Year :

    2020
    -
    2022
     

  • Longitudinal International Comparison of Entreprenuership

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Project Year :

    2016.04
    -
    2020.03
     

  • スピンアウトと人材の流動性が汎用性の高い技術のイノベーションに与える影響

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(C)

    Project Year :

    2015.04
    -
    2020.03
     

    清水 洋

     View Summary

    本研究の目的は、汎用性の高い技術(General Purpose Technology)の発展に親組織からのスピンアウトと人材の流動性がどのような影響を与えるかを考察することにある。汎用性の高い技術は、産業や経済全体への波及効果が極めて大きい。しかし、そのような技術は生み出された時点ではまだ未成熟である。大きな波及効果を生み出すためには、補完技術の開発とともに、その後の累積的な改良が必要になる。このプロセスは長期的な時間を要するものである。しかし、そのプロセスにおいて、能力の高い技術者や科学者がその技術を応用して新しいサブマーケットを開拓するために親組織からスピンアウトする場合がある。そのような場合には、新しい用途の開発は進むものの、その基になる汎用性の高い技術の累積的な改良が進まなくなる可能性がある。
    平成29年度には、これまで構築してきたスピンアウトと人材の流動性、そして特許のデータを接合し、分析を行える水準のデータベースを完成させることができた。分析では、仮説どおりにスピンアウトを促進するような制度整備が、汎用性の高い技術の累積的な改良を阻害する側面が明らかになりつつある。これは、スタートアップやスピンアウトを促進する制度整備を行えば、イノベーションにつながるという見方が単純すぎることを示唆するものである。平成29年度末には、研究結果を論文として発表するために国際的な査読誌に投稿を行った。日本経営学会の関東部会で発表を行うとともに、国内誌へ招待論文として論文を投稿した。さらに、平成30年度に予定されているイノベーションの国際学会に2本研究発表のプロポーザルを提出し、受理されている。また、広く社会に研究成果を発信するために英語と日本語での書籍の出版の準備をそれぞれ開始した。英語の書籍は平成31年度、日本語の書籍は平成30年度に出版の計画である。

  • Experimental Study on relation between researchers' knowledge creation process and national research promotion policy.

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Project Year :

    2012.04
    -
    2016.03
     

    Shinichi Akaike, Tomizawa Hiroyuki, Igami Masatuna, Nagaoka Sadao, Shimizu Hiroshi

     View Summary

    The number of Nobel Prizes is widely used for an indicator representing a nation’s scientific and technological performances. There are some existing works mainly focus on the preference of Nobel Laureates and it is rarely to use bibliographic data of Laureates to evaluate his/her research works and its spillover process.
    In our study, we have found that (1) majority of Nobel Laureates starts his core invention and/or scientific discoveries around mid-30s, (2) from the in-depth qualitative analysis for twenty-one Nobel Laureates from Japan, they have characteristics that (a.) non-linear path to proceed early scientific carrier, (b.) active collaboration with scientists in another disciplines, and (c.) has foreign study experiences to get state-of-the-art knowledge from front runner scientific communities.

  • Innovation Pattens in General Purpose Technologies

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B)

    Project Year :

    2012.04
    -
    2015.03
     

    SHIMIZU Hiroshi

     View Summary

    By exploring the patterns of technological development in the laser diode, fiber, and industrial machinery industries in the U.S. and Japan and theoretically examining market conditions and institutions that promote entrepreneurial spin-outs from a parental company, this research project aims to reveal how the existence and absence of entrepreneurial spin-out influence the ways in which technological trajectories emerge.
    The case studies show that vibrant entrepreneurial spin-out could hinder technological development, since the cumulative effects of incremental innovations on the technological trajectories could vanish if many firms spin out to target untapped sub-markets.

  • Research Network and Innovation US and Japan Comparative Analysis

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2009.04
    -
    2012.03
     

  • Research Networks of the Optoelectronics Industry

    Project Year :

    2007.04
    -
    2011.03
     

  • Patent System and Invention in the U.K.

    Project Year :

    2007.04
    -
    2010.03
     

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Presentations

  • Which Would You Prefer, Artisanal or Laboratory Made?: How Quantification Came into the Sake Brewery Industry

    Yamaguchi, Shotaro, Yasushi Hara, Hiroshi Shimizu

    The Business History Conference  (Denver, Colorado, USA) 

    Presentation date: 2017.03

  • How R&D Performance is Degraded by Rivals? Lngitudinal Analysis on Japanese Firms Based on Patent Data, and Research and Development Survey

    Shimizu, Hiroshi, Yasushi Hara, Shotaro Yamaguchi

    The 7th Asia-Pacific Innovation Conference  (ACROS, Fukuoka, Japan) 

    Presentation date: 2016.11

  • Exploration Needs Stable Shareholders? Ownership Structure and R&D Strategy: The Case of the Electronics, Steel and Iron, and Pharmaceutical Industries in Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Yusuke Hoshino

    Business History Conference  Business History Conference

    Presentation date: 2014.03

  • Do Doctoral Degree and Prior Publication Matter? How Do They Vary across Countries? Science-Linkage and Technological Development in Laser Diodes

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Yasushi Hara

    Forth Asia-Pacific Innovation Conference 

    Presentation date: 2013.12

  • Does Collaboration Accelerate R&D? Evidence from a Data Set of the Okochi Prizes

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Yusuke Hoshino

    Asia-Pacific Innovation Conference 

    Presentation date: 2012.10

  • Management of Science, Serendipity, and Research Performance: Evidence from Scientists’ Survey in the US and Japan

    Kota Murayama, Makoto Nirei, Hiroshi Shimizu

    International Schumpeter Society Conference 

    Presentation date: 2012.07

  • How Well Does Knowledge Travel? The Transition from Energy to Commercial Application of Laser Diode Fabrication Technology

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Kudo Satoshi

    Business History Conference 2011 Annual Meeting  (セントルイス) 

    Presentation date: 2011.03

  • 日本企業のコラボレーションによる新機能探索

    清水洋

    経営史学会 

    Presentation date: 2010.12

  • The Nature of Inventive Activities: Evidence from a Data-Set of R&D Awards

    Roberto Fontana, Alessandro Nuvorari, Hiroshi Shimizu, Andrea Vezzulli

    International Schumpeter Society Conference 2010 

    Presentation date: 2010.06

  • Pitfalls of Open Innovation: Technological Trajectory in Laser Diodes in the United States and Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Business History Conference 2010 Annual Meeting 

    Presentation date: 2010.03

  • Scientific and Technological Breakthroughs and Networks in the Case of Semiconductor Laser Technology in the U.S. and Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    International Conference on Business History (Fuji Conference) 

    Presentation date: 2010.03

  • Takashi Hirao・Networking and Scientific Breakthrough in Semiconductor Laser Technology in the U.S. and Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation  (ベルギー) 

    Presentation date: 2009.09

  • The Sources of Invention 1963-2005. Evidence from a Dataset of R&D Awards

    Roberto Fontana, Alessandro Nuvorari, Hiroshi Shimizu, Andrea Vezzulli

    The 6th European Meeting on Applied Evolutionary Economics  (ドイツ) 

    Presentation date: 2009.06

  • Breakthrough Illusions in the case of semiconductor laser technology in the US and Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Asia-Pacific Economic and Business History Conference  (日本・東京) 

    Presentation date: 2009.02

  • The Ingenious Crowd: Great British Inventors and Their Patents

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Applied Econometrics Association, Patent and Innovation  (日本・東京) 

    Presentation date: 2008.12

  • 半導体レーザーにおける科学的ブレークスルー:エンジニアの流動性とネットワーク

    清水洋, 平尾毅

    商品学会  (日本・長野) 

    Presentation date: 2008.06

  • Inter-Organisational Research Networks in Semiconductor Laser Technology, 1960-2000

    Hiroshi Shimizu, Takashi Hirao

    Business History Conference 2008 Annual Meeting  (アメリカ・カリフォルニア) 

    Presentation date: 2008.04

  • Competition, Knowledge Spillover, and Technological Change: Technological Development of Semiconductor Lasers 1960-1990

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Economic History Society 2007 Annual Conference  (イギリス・エグゼター) 

    Presentation date: 2007.04

  • Research Networks and Knowledge Spillovers in Semiconductor Laser Technology in North America, Europe, and Japan

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    British Association For Japanese Studies Annual Conference  (イギリス・ノリッチ) 

    Presentation date: 2007.03

  • Competition and Technological Change, the OMCS project in Semiconductor Laser Technology

    Hiroshi Shimizu

    Mitsubishi Bank Foundation International Conference; Exploring New Perspectives on Management  (日本・神奈川) 

    Presentation date: 2006.08

  • 利益なき繁栄考察:石油化学工業における産業政策と企業行動の合成

    清水 洋

    経営史学会関東部会  (日本・東京) 

    Presentation date: 2001.05

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Syllabus

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Committee Memberships

  • 2016.07
    -
    2021.07

    International Schumpeter Society  Board of Management

  • 2019.07
    -
     

    組織学会  国際委員会