2024/05/27 更新

写真a

シンカワ セイジ
新川 清治
所属
教育・総合科学学術院 教育学部
職名
教授
学位
修士(文学) ( 上智大学 )
博士(文学) ( 上智大学 )

経歴

  • 2014年04月
    -
    2019年03月

    立教大学   大学院文学研究科   兼任講師

  • 2012年04月
    -
    2019年03月

    白鴎大学 経営学部   教授

  • 2005年04月
    -
    2012年03月

    白鴎大学経営学部   准(助)教授

  • 2009年10月
    -
    2010年07月

    オックスフォード大学キャンピオン・ホール   学術研究員

  • 2001年04月
    -
    2005年03月

    白鴎大学経営学部   専任講師

  • 2000年04月
    -
    2001年03月

    白鴎大学女子短期大学部   専任講師

  • 1999年04月
    -
    2000年03月

    桐朋学園大学   非常勤講師

  • 1995年04月
    -
    1998年03月

    桐朋学園大学   非常勤講師

▼全件表示

学歴

  • 1998年04月
    -
    1999年03月

    オックスフォード大学   キャンピオン・ホール   客員研究員  

  • 1995年04月
    -
    1998年03月

    上智大学大学院   文学研究科英米文学専攻   博士後期課程  

  • 1993年04月
    -
    1995年03月

    上智大学大学院   文学研究科英米文学専攻   博士前期課程  

  • 1989年04月
    -
    1993年03月

    上智大学   文学部   英文学科  

所属学協会

研究分野

  • 英語学   古英語・中英語

研究キーワード

  • 英語史

  • 中英語

  • 古英語

 

論文

  • From People's King to King of a Country: The Development of the Place Element Modifying the Title Paired in Apposition with a Personal Name Traced in the Peterborough Chronicle

    Seiji Shinkawa

    Transactions of the Philological Society   122 ( 1 ) 151 - 167  2024年03月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Abstract

    A king was typically referred to as people's king in the early period of Old English, whereas today, king of a country is the most commonly used. This study attempts to trace the development of the place element modifying the title paired in apposition with a personal name in the tradition of vernacular English historiography as represented by the Peterborough Chronicle. There existed a strong tendency to specify a smaller land area (city, town, etc.) with the genitive form of the name of the place or with a prepositional phrase involving the place‐name and a larger one (kingdom, shire, etc.) with the genitive form of the name of the people living there in Early Old English. In later periods, however, the prepositional phrase was left as the only place element available for either a smaller or larger land area. Various prepositions heading the prepositional phrase became limited during the Old English period to just one in Early Middle English. Thus, the shift from people's king to king of a country was almost complete in Early Middle English. These findings are related to more general patterns of syntactic change in the noun phrase in English to highlight their current relevance.

    DOI

  • 単体通時言語資料としてのPeterborough Chronicleの有用性: 人名を含む同格表現における一検証

    新川清治

    中世英語英文学研究の多様性とその展望     411 - 426  2020年11月

  • The Influence of Verse Form on the Relative Order of the Name and the Title King within an Appositive Phrase in Laȝamon's Brut

    Seiji Shinkawa

    Anglia   135 ( 2 ) 291 - 316  2017年06月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Abstract

    This article is an attempt to determine possible factors that affect the arrangement of a name and the titlekingin apposition in the transitional period from Old English to Middle English from a prosodic perspective as a first step to explain how preferred patterns have shifted from the types represented byAlfred King,the King AlfredandAlfred the Kingin Old English to almost exclusively the type represented byKing Alfredin Present-Day English. Contrary to the common and generally sensible judgment of avoiding poetic texts in a syntactic investigation such as this, the present study analyzes the two extant versions of Laȝamon’sBrut, an Early Middle English metrical chronicle, on the grounds that verse may serve a better purpose than prose when intonation and rhythm are centrally involved, as is the case with this study. Use of searchable large-scale electronic corpora may at first glance seem more suitable for research of this kind, but such studies involving multiple texts of different periods, places and types are prone to oversimplification, and crucial details may be missed or glossed over. For a more detailed and coherent account of the development of appositive constructions, this study provides an in-depth analysis of the linguistic situation in a single body of closely related texts.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • The Zero Period of Spelling Standardization: Two Contrasting Manuscripts of Laȝamon's Brut

    Seiji Shinkawa

    Studies in Medieval English Language and Literature   30   29 - 40  2015年12月  [査読有り]

    DOI

  • Possible Pathways from Agreeing to Non-agreeing Genitive Appositives As Seen in Laȝamon's Brut

    Seiji Shinkawa

    Transactions of the Philological Society   113 ( 1 ) 127 - 136  2015年03月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    In Old English, genitive nouns in apposition are both marked for case. King Arthur's men, for example, would be Arthornures cyninges menn, Arthornures menn thornaes cyninges, among a few other possibilities. Non-agreeing genitive appositives such as Arthornur kinges men and Arthornures men (thorne) king began to appear in the Early Middle English period. The analysis in two versions of La?amon's Brut suggests two possible pathways through which they were established. One is the development of the name and the title as a compound-like unit, which marks genitive only at the end of the second element as in Arthornur kinges men, and the other is ambiguous appositive or predicative expressions such as Arthornures men (thorne) king, interpretable as either King Arthur's men' or men of Arthur, (who is) (the) king', which seem to have led post-head constituents of split genitives to appear in the nominative or unmarked case, resulting in genitive marking only on the pre-head components. These new usages are thus originally and essentially independent of the developments of the case-marking system itself.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • Inorganic -e and double n in the Caligula Brut: implications for case marking

    Seiji Shinkawa

    English Language & Linguistics   18 ( 3 ) 387 - 405  2014年11月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    This article investigates variant forms of the demonstrative 'that' and the adjective in the Caligula Manuscript of La.amon's Brut and concludes that they to a large extent maintain the traditional category distinction between the accusative and the dative by the use of the suffixes -ne and -Vn (where V stands for any vowel) respectively. There are, however, factors that potentially compromise the status of these terminations as case markers: phonetic reduction (which has often been invoked), capricious addition or deletion of final e, occasional doubling or simplification of nasals, and simply unexpected choices of forms in the paradigm. These seem to be consistent with the sort of mistakes that scribes might occasionally make when faced with an original that has a different orthographical and morphological system from their own, and they are not as disruptive of the case-marking system as at first sight they might appear. For one thing, they occur rather rarely and are generally outnumbered by historically expected forms; for another, the resultant unexpected case forms, usually with the stem vowel preferred by the historical forms in the case of the demonstrative, are predominantly accompanied by a historically motivated case form of their head noun. The status of accusative -ne and dative -Vn, in fact, appears to be stable enough to lead to the development of a system or subsystem of indicating case regardless of gender considerations in their respective case contexts. These suffixes can therefore be treated validly as independent case markers, although in concrete cases the possibility always exists that there is an optional final e, an unhistorical double or single n, or an unexpected choice of inflectional forms.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • His-Genitive as a Morphological Variant of S-Genitive: An Analysis of Early Examples in the Otho Manuscript of Laȝamon's Brut

    Seiji Shinkawa

    Neuphilologische Mitteilungen   114 ( 4 ) 473 - 480  2013年  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    An examination of early examples of the his-genitive in the Otho manuscript of La3amon's Brut suggests its orthographical origin as a variant of the historically expected s-genitive, but at this stage they are already different morphologically, though they remain identical syntactically. Their orthographical and morphological independence as well as their lessened degree of attachment with their head noun appears to have advanced their clitic-like nature, and when the process is complete, the group genitive becomes available. Once the clitic status is attained, his, with its more syntactic freedom, may be said to have become more prone to reanalysis as a pronoun, and the resultant construction is further generalized to the feminine and the plural to develop her- and their-genitives. This reanalysis could have happened even before the cliticization of his, however, given its obvious formal similarity to the pronoun, and, in fact, they appear to have been associated with each other earlier on to lead to the morphological independence of his from the inflection. It may be just that the incorporation of the reanalysis into the system or sub-system of grammar has to wait until the cliticization of the genitive or possessive marker. Thus it appears that the necessary components are all present in Otho to be further exploited for the later development of his- and other related genitive constructions.

  • Unhistorical Gender Assignment in Laȝamon's Brut: The Development of a Tripartite System of Defining Words, The, That, and This

    Seiji Shinkawa

    English Studies   92 ( 2 ) 210 - 225  2011年04月  [査読有り]

    DOI

  • Unhistorical Gender Assignment in Laȝamon's Brut: Innovative Attributive Morphology as a Case Marker

    Seiji Shinkawa

    Multiple Perspectives on English Philology and History of Linguistics: A Festschrift for Shoichi Watanabe on His 80th Birthday     91 - 123  2010年  [査読有り]

  • 英語における文法的性の消失について

    新川清治

    フィロロギア     218 - 224  2001年07月  [査読有り]

▼全件表示

書籍等出版物

  • 英語学: 現代英語をより深く知るために

    新川清治( 担当: 分担執筆,  担当範囲: 第31章「英文の構造: 語彙力だけでは英語は分からない」)

    春風社  2016年04月

  • Unhistorical Gender Assignment in Laȝamon's Brut: A Case Study of a Late Stage in the Development of Grammatical Gender toward Its Ultimate Loss

    Seiji Shinkawa( 担当: 単著)

    Peter Lang  2012年09月 ISBN: 9783034311243

講演・口頭発表等

  • Peterborough Chronicleにおける視点と焦点の変化:名前と肩書の同格表現に付加される地名要素から探る

    新川清治

    日本中世英語英文学会第39回全国大会  

    発表年月: 2023年12月

    開催年月:
    2023年12月
     
     
  • Relative Placement of the Name and the Title King in Apposition: Its Possible Pathways of Change

    Seiji Shinkawa

    日本中世英語英文学会 第34回東支部研究発表会・第34回西支部例会(合同開催)  

    発表年月: 2018年06月

  • ラヤモンの『ブルート』における同格表現:肩書と人名の語順の変遷

    新川清治

    日本中世英語英文学会第31回全国大会  

    発表年月: 2015年12月

  • 初期中英語韻文詩ラヤモンの『ブルート』オト写本における属格

    新川清治

    日本英語学会第33回大会  

    発表年月: 2015年11月

  • The Zero Period of Spelling Standardization: Two Contrasting Manuscripts of Laȝamon's Brut

    Seiji Shinkawa

    日本中世英語英文学会第30回大会  

    発表年月: 2014年12月

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題

  • Study on the process of the loss of grammatical gender

Misc

  • (書評) Simon Horobin, Does Spelling Matter? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)

    新川清治

    Studies in Medieval English Language and Literature   32   153 - 165  2017年07月  [査読有り]  [招待有り]

    書評論文,書評,文献紹介等  

  • (書評) 寺澤盾,『英単語の世界: 多義語と意味変化から見る』(東京: 中央公論新社, 2016)

    新川清治

    英語教育   65 ( 13 ) 91 - 92  2017年03月  [招待有り]

    書評論文,書評,文献紹介等  

  • 例外から浮かび上がる本質: 進行形,時制の一致を例として

    新川清治

    英語教育   65 ( 9 ) 62 - 63  2016年11月  [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(商業誌、新聞、ウェブメディア)  

  • イディオムの考古学: なぜon footはon feetと言わないのか

    新川清治

    英語教育   63 ( 6 ) 18 - 19  2012年09月  [招待有り]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(商業誌、新聞、ウェブメディア)  

 

現在担当している科目

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他学部・他研究科等兼任情報

  • 教育・総合科学学術院   大学院教育学研究科