Updated on 2024/04/13

写真a

 
ISHIKAWA, Haruyuki
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences, School of Culture, Media and Society
Job title
Assistant Professor(non-tenure-track)

Research Experience

  • 2021.04
    -
    Now

    Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology

  • 2021.04
    -
    Now

    Jissen Women's University

  • 2021.04
    -
    Now

    Rikkyo University

  • 2021.04
    -
    2023.03

    Waseda University   School of Humanities and Social Sciences

  • 2021.04
    -
    2023.03

    東京都立青梅看護専門学校   非常勤講師

    講義「人間関係論」「コミュニケーション論」

  • 2021.04
    -
    2023.03

    Surugadai University

  • 2021.04
    -
    2023.03

    早稲田大学文学学術院   招聘研究員

  • 2017.04
    -
    2023.03

    Nippon Institute of Technology

  • 2018.04
    -
    2020.03

    Waseda University   Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences

  • 2016.04
    -
    2018.03

    日本医科大学看護専門学校   非常勤講師

    講義「心理学」

▼display all

Research Areas

  • Clinical psychology

Research Interests

  • depression

  • attention regulation

  • mindfulness

  • rumination

  • distraction

Awards

  • 最優秀研究賞

    2019.08   日本マインドフルネス学会   摩訶止観の概念的追試:集中・洞察瞑想の順序と効果(3):改変版複合数字抹消課題を用いた注意機能の分析

    Winner: 石川遥至, 牟田季純, 阿部哲理, 越川房子

 

Papers

  • The Effect of Brief Focused-Attention and Open-Monitoring Meditation on Social Anxiety in Online Interviews: A Pilot Study

    Haruyuki Ishikawa, Taichi Ito, Nanae Sakai, TetsuriAbe, Nozomi Imajo, Toshizumi Muta, Fusako Koshikawa

    Japanese Journal of Mindfulness   8 ( 1 ) 1 - 15  2023.07  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • Relationship between COVID-19 Pandemic-Related Life Behavior, Dispositional Mindfulness, and Psychological Health: Evidence from a Sample of Japanese Working Adults

    Hiromitsu Miyata, Kaho Yamasaki, Noh ChaeEun, Haruyuki Ishikawa

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health   20 ( 10 ) 5873 - 5873  2023.05  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The present study investigated how altered daily life behavior and its self-evaluation associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic relate to psychological health in Japanese working adults, and how such relationships may be moderated by dispositional mindfulness. A total of 1000 participants completed an online survey comprising questions on how they used time and self-evaluated life behavior before and during the pandemic, as well as scales on mindfulness and psychological health. The results revealed that after the pandemic, participants spent significantly more time at home and using a PC/smartphone. They were also more likely to perceive frequent exposure to COVID-19-related media reports and less likely to find their work going well. Many of these variables were significantly correlated with lower psychological health. Moreover, hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed the moderating effects of mindfulness, such that the perceived frequency of exposure to pandemic-related media reports and poorer views that work was going well were less likely to predict lower psychological health when mindfulness was high. These findings suggest that altered daily life behavior and its self-evaluation after the pandemic are associated with deteriorated psychological health, but that mindfulness can serve as a protective factor against psychological distress among Japanese workers.

    DOI

    Scopus

    2
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Psychological health in undergraduates under the COVID-19 pandemic and a protecting role of mindfulness:Focusing on lifestyles and their changes

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Kamoda Saya, Chen Jieyin, Yamagami Ayaka, Miyata Hiromitsu

    Journal of Health Psychology Research   35 ( 1 ) 53 - 61  2022.08  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    This study examined the associations between lifestyle changes related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the psychological health of university students, and the potential moderating roles of dispositional mindfulness in these relationships. Participants (N=300) completed an online questionnaire survey assessing pre- and post-pandemic lifestyles and responded to psychological scales assessing stress, anxiety, depression, and mindfulness. The results indicated post-pandemic changes, including increased time spent at home, decreased time spent indoors, and increased self-reported frequency of exposure to COVID-19-related media reports. The increased time spent at home and indoors was significantly associated with higher stress and anxiety. Furthermore, there was a moderating effect of mindfulness, such that the frequency of post-pandemic exposure to media reports was less predictive of lower psychological health when mindfulness was relatively high. These results suggest that post-pandemic lifestyles and lifestyle changes influenced students’ psychological health compared to before the pandemic. Moreover, mindfulness played a protective role in this relationship.

    DOI

  • The effect of dividing-attention distraction on mood and negative thinking

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Ukigawa Yuki, Noda Moeka, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Japanese journal of psychology   92 ( 4 ) 227 - 236  2021.07  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    Focused-distraction (FD), which aims to interrupt negative thoughts, is a major coping strategy for depressive moods, but it may also function as maladaptive avoidance and prevent acknowledging problems. This study compared the effects of FD and dividing-attention distraction (DD), a strategy to think about a negative past event while engaging in distraction, on mood and thoughts about the event. Sixty-five students (undergraduates and graduates) ruminated about negative past events, followed by an 8-minute DD, FD, or no-task session, and then a 5-minute rest. After one week, students ruminated again. Participants’ moods and evaluations of negative events were measured after the initial rumination, task session, rest, and the second rumination. The FD group showed lower anxiety than other groups after each task but FD group participants with high-rumination levels showed higher tenseness than the no-task group after the second rumination. The rate of DD participants who reported non-negative thoughts after one week was higher than the FD group. These findings suggest that one’s attentional state while using distraction affects mood and attitude with respect to a negative memory.

    DOI CiNii

  • Self-Reported Attention Control Skills Moderate the Effect of Self-Focused Attention on Depression

    Haruyuki Ishikawa, Fusako Koshikawa

    SAGE Open   11 ( 2 ) 215824402110279 - 215824402110279  2021.04  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    This study aimed to examine whether attention control skills (selective, switching, and divided attention) moderate the influence of self-preoccupation (the tendency to maintain self-focused attention) on depression. We conducted a cross-sectional survey at a Japanese university. A total of 283 undergraduate and graduate students answered Preoccupation Scale (measuring self-preoccupation), Voluntary Attention Control Scale (measuring self-reported attention control skills), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (the standardized measurement of depression), and we analyzed 267 questionnaires (101 men and 166 women). No cut-off points were set for screening individuals depression score. The results of the hierarchical multiple regression analysis were as follows: Higher skills of switching attention were associated with higher depression scores when combined with greater self-preoccupation tendencies. In contrast, higher levels of divided attention skill were associated with lower depression levels when combined with greater self-preoccupation. This study is the first to provide an overview of the protective role of divided attention skill against depression among individuals with high self-preoccupation. We conclude this article by showing that the interventions aiming to increase the divided attention skill rather than switching skill are expected to be effective in decreasing depressive symptoms and discussing the study’s limitations.

    DOI

  • Activation of the orbitofrontal cortex by both meditation and exercise: A near-infrared spectroscopy study

    Shun Miyashiro, Yurika Yamada, Toshizumi Muta, Haruyuki Ishikawa, Tetsuri Abe, Masashi Hori, Kotaro Oka, Fusako Koshikawa, Etsuro Ito

    PLOS ONE   16 ( 2 ) e0247685 - e0247685  2021.02  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    In some types of meditation, such as mindfulness and Zen, breathing is the focus of attention, whereas during an excessive, short-period of anaerobic exercise, the muscles become the focus of attention. Thus, during both efforts, one’s attention is focused on a certain feature of the body. Both meditation and exercise generally provide mental refreshment to humans. We hypothesized that the same brain regions are activated by both efforts in humans. To examine this hypothesis, we engaged participants in 3 tasks: meditation, exercise, and a control task. After each task, the participants underwent a 2-back test to concentrate their thoughts, while changes in their blood hemoglobin levels were simultaneously monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Seventeen participants (20–24 years of age; 11 men, 6 women) were enrolled. We applied a fast-Fourier transform (FFT) analysis to the NIRS wave data and calculated the correlation coefficients of the FFT data between (1) meditation and control, (2) exercise and control, and (3) meditation and exercise, at the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), brain areas that are generally involved in mental refreshment. A significant difference in the correlation coefficients between the OFC and DLPFC was detected in the meditation and exercise analysis, and signal source analysis confirmed that the NIRS waves spread from the right and left OFC edges (i.e., right and left temples) toward the center. Our results suggest that both meditation and exercise activate the OFC, which is involved in emotional reactions and motivation behavior, resulting in mental refreshment.

    DOI PubMed

    Scopus

    12
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Pain relief associated with decreased oxyhemoglobin level in left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.

    Shun Miyashiro, Yurika Yamada, Masaru Nagaoka, Rei Shima, Toshizumi Muta, Haruyuki Ishikawa, Tetsuri Abe, Masashi Hori, Kotaro Oka, Fusako Koshikawa, Etsuro Ito

    PloS one   16 ( 8 ) e0256626  2021  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    Pain in the elbow, shoulder, knee, lower back, and various other joints is relieved by adhesion of pyramidal thorn patches. To elucidate the pain relief mechanism induced by the patches, we established a quantitative method for estimating the pain reduction and investigated the brain regions that change in association with pain relief. We first attempted to quantify the pain relief using transcutaneous electric stimulation (TCES) and a visual analog scale (VAS), and then applied near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to the prefrontal cortex, including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). We also examined the salivary oxytocin levels, which are thought to reflect oxytocin secretion levels from the posterior pituitary in the brain. Application of pyramidal thorn patches to pain regions decreased the pain degree estimated using TCES and VAS. Oxyhemoglobin levels were likely to be decreased in the left DLPFC on the basis of NIRS measurements during patch treatment, suggesting that the left DLPFC is involved in pain relief. On the other hand, the salivary oxytocin levels varied widely. A potential reason for the varying salivary oxytocin levels is its utilization in the pain region as an analgesic agent. Our results suggest that the left DLPFC will become a target brain region for pain therapy.

    DOI PubMed

    Scopus

    4
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • The association between adaptive and maladaptive forms of response styles and voluntary attention control

    Ishikawa Haruyuki

    JAPANESE JOURNAL OF RESEARCH ON EMOTIONS   28 ( 1 ) 11 - 21  2020.11  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    According to the response style theory, human responses to a depressive mood are divided into two styles: ruminative and distractive responses. Although response styles reportedly have both adaptive and maladaptive aspects, the factor associated with the adaptiveness of these response styles is unclear. The present study examined the mediation and moderation effects of voluntary attention control skills (selective, divided, and switching attention) on the relationship between adaptive/maladaptive forms of ruminative/distractive response styles and depression. In total, 234 Japanese undergraduates completed questionnaires of response styles, attention control skills, and depressive symptom. Selective attention and divided attention skill mediated the effects of adaptive response styles on depression. In addition, when combined with higher divided attention skill, the increase of depression by maladaptive response styles was mitigated. These results suggest that attention control skills could explain the adaptive process of response styles, and that heightening particular skills would be efficacious in reducing depression.

    DOI CiNii

  • Impact of 5-Minute Meditation Sessions at the Beginning of a University Class on the Psychological States of Undergraduates

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Uchikawa Akane, Kazama Naho, Suzuki Miho, Miyata Hiromitsu

    Japanese Journal of Mindfulness   5 ( 1 ) 15 - 26  2020.08  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    In recent years, mindfulness-based meditation programs have been applied to educational settings such as elementary and junior high schools in European and other countries. Some of these programs have started to be introduced to Japan. However, to date, few quantitative studies have investigated the effects of meditation in large university classes. In this study, the authors introduced a 5-minute focused attention and open monitoring meditation session into a university undergraduate course to examine whether and how meditation at the beginning of each lecture impacts mood and motivational states at the end of the lecture. The participants reported significantly higher scores regarding their degree of relaxation after lectures compared without meditation. In addition, when compared with students reporting lower scores for their own meditation performance, students reporting higher scores showed significantly higher scores for the degrees of relaxation, concentration during lectures, lecture comprehension, and interest in the lecture. These findings suggest that meditation at the beginning of a lecture can produce desirable psychological effects throughout the lecture period, and that self-evaluation regarding the meditation performance and type of meditation are associated with these effects.

    DOI CiNii

  • The factors increasing the effect of divided-attention distraction

    Haruyuki Ishikawa

    WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL   7 ( 7 ) 1 - 12  2019.10  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    CiNii

  • 高反すう傾向者をターゲットとした気晴らしの 有効性についての検討 ―注意状態との関連から―

    石川遥至

    早稲田大学    2018.12  [Refereed]

  • The Relationship Between Decentering and Adaptiveness of Response Styles in Reducing Depression

    Haruyuki Ishikawa, Takahiro Mieda, Atsushi Oshio, Fusako Koshikawa

    Mindfulness   9 ( 2 ) 556 - 563  2018.04  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    Recent studies have suggested that ruminative and distractive response styles to negative moods could have adaptive and maladaptive consequences, respectively. However, whether there is a common component in the adaptive aspects of ruminative or distractive response styles has not been examined sufficiently. Adaptiveness of ruminative or distractive response styles is considered to be associated with decentering
    thus, we investigated the indirect effects of four types of the response style (adaptive/maladaptive aspects of each response style) on depression through decentering. In this study, 241 Japanese undergraduate students (75 men and 166 women) were assessed using the Response Style Scale, the Japanese Version of Experience Questionnaire, and the Japanese Version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Mediation analyses revealed that decentering fully mediated the effects of adaptive aspects of ruminative and distractive response styles on depression whereas it partially mediated the effects of maladaptive aspects of response styles. These results indicate that the adaptiveness of response styles is influenced by decentering, and it particularly works in the adaptive aspects of ruminative/distractive response styles as a common element. Thus, a possibility is suggested that cultivating decentered perspective is effective in reducing maladaptive aspects of both response styles to negative moods or objects.

    DOI

    Scopus

    6
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • The effect of distraction with recalling objects of rumination on mood, and the evaluation of ruminative thoughts

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    Journal of Health Psychology Research   30 ( 2 ) 65 - 73  2018.02  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    The effect of a task that encouraged participants to divide their attention between a present distractive task and previous negative events on improving negative mood and evaluation was investigated. Participants (n=24) were randomly assigned to three task groups: (A) distraction, (B) distraction while recalling negative events, and (C) recalling negative events without distraction. Then, they performed each task for 10 minutes. Negative mood and the evaluation of previous negative events were assessed after induced rumination, task engagement, and resting for two minutes. Analyses of variance indicated no significant differences in negative mood between the groups. However, groups A and B, compared to group C showed a higher reduction in the evaluation of negative events. Moreover, only group B showed a significant reduction in negative evaluation between “after task” and “after resting.” These results suggest that when a person cannot stop ruminating about negative events, distraction with recalling negative events would be more effective for improving negative evaluations than merely continuing to ruminate.

    DOI CiNii

  • The effects of a cutting-art task on depressive and anxious mood and attention in highly ruminative people

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    Stress Science Research   30 ( 0 ) 125 - 130  2015  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 20-minute cutting-art task on depressive and anxious mood and on the level of self-focused attention in highly ruminative people. Participants were randomly assigned to three distractive task conditions that required attention—cutting-art, calculation, and silent reading—and engaged in each task after induced rumination. The results indicated that the level of self-focused attention reduced in all conditions after distractive tasks and showed no difference between tasks. Similarly, negative moods were reduced in all conditions and no difference was found between tasks. The paper concludes by discussing the characteristics of the state of attention generated during the cutting-art task.

    DOI CiNii

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Books and Other Publications

  • 非認知能力 : 概念・測定と教育の可能性 = Noncognitive abilities : concepts, measurement and educational possibilities

    小塩, 真司, 川本, 哲也, 竹橋, 洋毅, 原田, 知佳, 西川, 一二, 平山, るみ, 外山, 美樹, 千島, 雄太, 野崎, 優樹, 中川, 威, 登張, 真稲, 箕浦, 有希久, 有光, 興記, 石川, 遥至, 平野, 真理, 小野寺, 敦子

    北大路書房  2021.08 ISBN: 9784762831645

  • はじめての造形心理学 心理学、アートを訪ねる

    荒川 歩( Part: Contributor, マインドフルネスと創造性)

    新曜社  2021.04

  • 仏典とマインドフルネス : 負の反応とその対処法

    蓑輪, 顕量( Part: Contributor, 第二章 瞑想実践の効果と副作用,三 止観修習の順序問題(二):初学者にみられる効果/みえにくい効果)

    臨川書店  2021.03 ISBN: 9784653044369

  • 教育と医学 2018年 09月号 [雑誌]

    教育と医学の会

    慶應義塾大学出版会  2018.08

    ASIN

Presentations

  • 反すう対象の想起を伴う「注意分割気晴らし」の有効性について

    石川遥至

    日本心理学会第83回大会 

    Presentation date: 2019.09

Research Projects

  • 注意分割を伴う気晴らし技法が注意視野と反すう思考に及ぼす影響の検討

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 若手研究

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2022.03
     

    石川 遥至

     View Summary

    ネガティブな事柄について繰り返し考え続ける「反すう」は、抑うつ気分の長期化・増幅をもたらし、うつ病をはじめとした気分障害の発症リスクともなることが知られている。近年、この反すう思考を、注意の視野が狭まることで特定のネガティブな情報のみが処理され続ける視野狭窄状態として説明するモデルが提唱されている。反すうに対する対処方略の一つに、ネガティブな事柄から他の対象へと注意をそらす「気晴らし」が挙げられる。先行研究では、気晴らしが反すう思考を中断させ、抑うつ気分の早期の改善に役立つことが示されてきた。しかし一方で、気晴らしの効果は一時的なものに過ぎないことも指摘され、長期的な反すうの改善には至らないという限界も示唆されている。
    そこで本研究では、反すうの長期的な緩和をもたらしうる新たな気晴らし方略として、ネガティブな事柄を想起しながら同時に気晴らしに取り組む「注意分割気晴らし」の効果と作用機序を検討することを目的としている。既に実施した調査からは、個人の反すう傾向が高いほど3ヵ月後の抑うつが高くなるものの、注意を分割するスキルなどが高い場合には抑うつの高まりがみられないことが示された。この結果は、本研究が想定した注意分割気晴らしの作用機序を裏付けるものであったといえる。
    そして当該年度は、注意分割気晴らしが複数の対象への注意の分割を促すことで注意視野を広げ、気分の改善・ネガティブな事柄に関する認知の変容、および問題解決方略の産出の向上をもたらすという仮説を検証する実験を行っており、目標の約半数の参加者からデータを得た段階である。

  • The efficacy of dividing-attention distraction on broadening attentional scope and reducing rumination

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2018.08
    -
    2020.03
     

    Ishikawa Haruyuki

     View Summary

    Negative repetitive thought (rumination) is suggested to be caused by excessive attention focusing on negative object. Distraction is effective on reducing rumination. However, it is also suggested that the avoidance or suppression of negative thought by using distraction could subsequently lead to maladaptive consequences. This study investigated the effect of dividing-attention distraction, a new strategy involving thinking about unpleasant past event while engaging in distraction.
    Results suggested that although distraction which aims to suppress negative thought was effective on reducing negative mood immediately, it might worsen depressive symptom and exacerbated negative mood accompanied with rumination in the long term. On the other hand, it was suggested that dividing-attention distraction could decrease rumination by preventing concentrating attention on unpleasant object and mitigating negative thought.

Misc

  • 2種類の瞑想の実施順序が瞑想初心者に与える影響 -主観評定と脳波を指標として-—Effect of the order of two meditations for meditation beginners: Focusing on subjective evaluation and electroencephalography data

    今城, 希望, 阿部, 哲理, 小守林, 真実, 石川, 遥至, 牟田, 季純, 越川, 房子

    早稲田大学総合人文科学研究センター研究誌 = WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL   10   1 - 8  2022.10

  • The Effect of Dividing-Attention Distraction and Focused-Distraction on Mood and Rumination.

    Ishikawa, H, Ukigawa, Y, Noda, M, Koshikawa, F

    The 32nd International Congress of Psychology    2021.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 止/観瞑想の体験順序が瞑想初心者に与える影響瞑想体験に関する自由記述のテキストマイニング

    阿部 哲理, 小守林 真実, 牟田 季純, 越川 房子, 石川 遥至

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   85   PD-124 - PD-124  2021

     View Summary

    本研究の目的は,止瞑想と観瞑想を体験する順序が瞑想初心者に与える影響を,自由記述の内容から検討することである。実験協力者は都内大学の学生を中心とする44名であり,平均年齢は22.4歳(SD=5.28)であった。止・観瞑想を学ぶ順番によって,参加者を止観群(22名)と観止群(22名)にランダムに分け,文章とイラストによって瞑想の教示を行った。いずれの参加者に対しても,①瞑想に対するイメージ(体験前),②止・観瞑想のやりにくさ,③止・観瞑想の教示のわかりにくかった部分,④瞑想に対するイメージ(体験後),⑤瞑想中に気づいたこと,⑥瞑想を継続するために必要な情報,⑦瞑想の継続によって期待できることについて自由記述を求めた。テキストマイニングの結果,止観群は「呼吸」,観止群は「姿勢」や「気持ち」に関する気づきを瞑想体験によって得ており,瞑想の継続によって止観群では「集中」や「切り替え」の能力向上,観止群では「悩み」への対処や適切な「判断」の能力向上に期待する特徴が見られた。止・観瞑想を体験する順序によって,同じ種類の瞑想も異なる枠組みで理解され,異なる体験として記述される可能性が示された。

    DOI

  • マインドフルネスの微視的メカニズム観察と好奇心が微弱電流の知覚と回避の閾値に与える影響

    牟田 季純, 浮川 祐希, 阿部 哲理, 石川 遥至, 越川 房子

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   85   PH-015 - PH-015  2021

     View Summary

    マインドフルネス・トレーニングは,呼吸をアンカーとし,普段は注意が向けられない全身の微細な感覚にまで気づきを拡げながら,その意識の流れの中で生じては消えてゆく思考や感情に捕らわれない態度を養う技法である。これは,身体感覚の知覚閾値を下げ,次に思考や感情の反応閾値を上げる,というトップダウンの閾値変容の問題として捉え直すことができる。そこで本研究では,マインドフルネス技法の中核的な要素である観察好奇心を独立に操作し,その態度が微弱な電流刺激に対する知覚閾値および回避閾値に与える影響を検討した。電流刺激は上昇法(0~256 µA on limit)によって提示し,実験参加者には,電流感覚の最小の知覚時(知覚閾値)と,それ以上は不快で電流を止めて回避したいと思った時点(回避閾値)でストップボタンを押下させた。これを観察の有無・好奇心の有無の組み合わせで4群を設けて実施したところ,マインドフルな観察態度に対応する観察あり・好奇心あり群で,知覚閾値が下がり,回避閾値が上昇した。[本発表は文部科学省科学研究費補助金・基盤研究(A)研究課題「痛みの心理生物学的基盤」に基づく成果報告として行う。]

    DOI

  • 反すうが抑うつに及ぼす影響に対する注意制御スキルの調整効果縦断調査による検討

    石川 遥至

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   85   PM-025 - PM-025  2021

     View Summary

    本研究は,不快な物事について考え続ける反すう(考え込み)が抑うつに及ぼす影響,およびこの影響に対する能動的注意制御スキル(集中・転換・分割)の調整効果を2時点での質問紙調査によって検討した。約3か月の期間を空けた2回(t1,t2)の質問紙調査に回答した都内の大学生・大学院生150名のデータを分析対象とした。t2の抑うつを従属変数として階層的重回帰分析を実施した。step1で年齢・性別,step2でt1の反すうと3つの能動的注意制御の主効果,step3でt1の反すうと能動的注意制御の3つの交互作用項を投入した。この結果,反すうと3つの能動的注意制御の交互作用がいずれも有意であった(ps<.05)。単純傾斜分析の結果,集中スキルあるいは分割スキルが低い場合にt1の反すうからt2の抑うつへの正の影響がみられた(ps<.01)。一方,転換スキルが高い場合にはt1の反すうからt2の抑うつへの正の影響がみられた(p<.01)。以上より,注意制御スキルが反すうによる抑うつの上昇を予防または助長する要因であることが示唆された。

    DOI

  • 瞑想の種類と体験順序が瞑想初心者に与える影響自己評価と注意の逸れを指標として

    越川 房子, 小守林 真実, 牟田 季純, 阿部 哲理, 石川 遥至

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   85   PR-007 - PR-007  2021

     View Summary

    本研究の目的は,止瞑想と観瞑想を体験する順序が瞑想初心者に与える影響を,自己評価と瞑想中の注意の逸れを指標として検討することである。実験協力者44名が,両瞑想を学ぶ順序により止観瞑想群と観止瞑想群に22名ずつランダムに配置された。使用した質問紙は,①注意の逸れを感じた頻度;それぞれの瞑想を行った後に7件法で回答,②自己評価;できたと感じる程度を5件法で回答,③日本版MAAS;15項目に6件法で回答(注意の逸れの頻度指標の分析に共変量として使用)であった。自己評価と瞑想中の注意の逸れの頻度について瞑想の種類と順序を独立変数とする2要因分散分析を行なった。自己評価は交互作用が有意(p<.01)であり,多重比較の結果,観止群で2回目の評価が有意に高かった(p<.05),注意の逸れも交互作用が有意(p<.01)であり,多重比較の結果,観止群(p<.01)と止観群(p<.1)ともに,2回目に実施した瞑想で注意の逸れが減少していた。これらの結果は,瞑想初心者においては瞑想の種類や順序よりも瞑想回数の方が効果に影響することを示唆している。

    DOI

  • Analysis of free descriptions of meditation beginners whose mindfulness scale scores increased

    Abe, T, Muta, T, Ishikawa, H, Koshikawa, F

    Mind & Life Institute Contemplative Research Conference 2020    2020.11

  • The Sequential Effect of FA and OM Meditations on Working Memory and Attention Regulation

    Ishikawa, H, Muta, T, Abe, T, Koshikawa, F

    Mind & Life Institute Contemplative Research Conference 2020    2020.11

    Authorship:Lead author

  • Effect of Posture in Mindfulness Breathing (2): Using three-step breathing

    Koshikawa Fusako, Arai Mei, Abe Tetsuri, Ishikawa Haruyuki, Muta Toshizumi

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   84   PM-027 - PM-027  2020.09

    DOI CiNii

  • Characteristics of awareness of meditation beginners in daily life

    Abe Tetsuri, Muta Toshizumi, Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   84   PD-145 - PD-145  2020.09

    DOI CiNii

  • Effect of Mindful Observation Attitude on Perception and Avoidance thresholds of Weak Electrical Stimuli at the Body Surface

    Muta Toshizumi, Abe Tetsuri, Ishikawa Haruyuki, Noda Moeka, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   84   PH-027 - PH-027  2020.09

    DOI CiNii

  • Psychotherapy to face chronic pain

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako, Arimura Tatsuyuki, Adachi Tomonori, Amano Tamaki, Shiro Yukiko, Miyata Hiromitsu, Ichii Masaya

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   84   SS-028 - SS-028  2020.09

    DOI CiNii

  • Organize theories of mindfulness: with considering pain as a crossroads

    Muta Toshizumi, Koshikawa Fusako, Ishikawa Haruyuki, Inoue Kazuya, Matsuno Kodai, Matsubara Takako, Sugamura Genji

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   84   SS-033 - SS-033  2020.09

    DOI CiNii

  • 思考抑制意図の異なる気晴らしが反すうに及ぼす効果

    石川 遥至, 浮川 祐希, 野田 萌加, 越川 房子

    日本心理学会第84回大会    2020.09

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 注意の分割を伴う気晴らしが反すう後の注意視野に及ぼす効果の検討

    石川 遥至

    感情心理学研究   28 ( Supplement ) ps43 - ps43  2020

    DOI CiNii

  • The moderation effect of attention control on the relationship between self-focused attention and depression

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   83   2C-047 - 2C-047  2019.09

    DOI CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • The effect of the distraction task with deliberate recall of ruminative thoughts

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   83   L-013 - L-013  2019.09

    DOI CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • 大学授業の冒頭における止・観瞑想が授業終了時の心理におよぼす効果

    石川遥至, 内川あかね, 風間菜帆, 鈴木美保, 小林大介, 宮田裕光

    日本マインドフルネス学会第6回大会    2019.08

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 摩訶止観の概念的追試:集中・洞察瞑想の順序と効果(3):改変版複合数字抹消課題を用いた注意機能の分析

    石川遥至, 牟田季純, 阿部哲理, 越川房子

    日本マインドフルネス学会第6回大会    2019.08

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 摩訶止観の概念的追試:集中・洞察瞑想の順序と効果(2):近赤外分光分析法を用いた瞑想時の前頭部機能的結合の分析

    牟田季純, 石川遥至, 阿部哲理, 越川房子

    日本マインドフルネス学会第6回大会    2019.08

  • 摩訶止観の概念的追試:集中・洞察瞑想の順序と効果(1):6因子マインドフルネス尺度を用いた経時的変化の分析

    阿部哲理, 牟田季純, 石川遥至, 越川房子

    日本マインドフルネス学会第6回大会    2019.08

  • ネガティブな気分に対する反応スタイルの適応性と注意機能の関連性の検討

    石川遥至, 越川房子

    日本感情心理学会第27回大会    2019.06

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 反応スタイルの適応性と脱中心化の継時的関連性

    石川 遥至, 三枝 高大, 小塩 真司, 越川 房子

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集   31 ( 0 ) P57  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • 不快な対象の想起を伴う気晴らしにおける想起形式と効果の関連性

    石川遥至, 越川房子

    感情心理学研究(Web)   26 ( Supplement ) ps52 - ps52  2018

    DOI CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • The association of effects of distraction including recalling negative objects and trait rumination

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   81 ( 0 ) 3A-023 - 3A-023  2017.09

    DOI CiNii

  • マインドフルネス特性の認知的特徴—批判的思考態度,二分法的思考,認知的完結欲求,没入傾向に着目して

    三枝 高大, 石川 遥至, 越川 房子, 小塩 真司

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集   30 ( 0 ) 82 - 82  2017

    DOI CiNii

  • マインドフルネス特性の認知的特徴 批判的思考態度,二分法的思考,認知的完結欲求,没入傾向に着目して

    三枝高大, 石川遥至, 越川房子, 小塩真司

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集(CD-ROM)   30th   ROMBUNNO.PA54  2017

    J-GLOBAL

  • Effects of distraction tasks on negative mood and negative event evaluation: Relationship between attention state and effect maintenance

    Haruyuki Ishikawa, Fusako Koshikawa

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   544 - 544  2016.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 反応スタイルと抑うつの関連における脱中心化の機能について

    石川遥至, 三枝高大, 小塩真司, 越川房子

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集(CD-ROM)   29th   ROMBUNNO.P1‐17G  2016

    J-GLOBAL

  • The support to students with school refusal in school adaptation classroom

    Tanaka Otona, Ishikawa Haruyuki, Maekawa Manami, Kitamura Fumiaki, Matsuura Motoko

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   79 ( 0 ) SS-079 - SS-079  2015.09

    DOI CiNii

  • The effect of distraction including division of attention

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   79 ( 0 ) 1EV-113 - 1EV-113  2015.09

    DOI CiNii

  • The effect of cutting art on mood and attention: Reducing depressive rumination

    Ishikawa Haruyuki, Koshikawa Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   78   2AM-2-010 - 2AM-2-010  2014.09

    DOI CiNii

  • The efficacy of "cutting art" in attention control and depressive mood

    ISHIKAWA Haruyuki, KOSHIKAWA Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   77   3PM-100 - 3PM-100  2013.09

    DOI CiNii

  • Effect of movie on affective value of music

    ISHIKAWA Haruyuki, KOSHIKAWA Fusako

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   76   2EVA65 - 2EVA65  2012.09

    DOI CiNii

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Internal Special Research Projects

  • 注意制御能力が反すう思考および抑うつに及ぼす影響の検討

    2023  

     View Summary

    本研究は、能動的に注意を制御するスキルの高さと抑うつおよび反すう思考(ネガティブな反復的思考)との関連を検討することを目的とした。生態学的妥当性の高い反すう思考の指標として、参加者が普段通りの生活を送っている最中にスマートフォンに質問項目を送信し、直近の状態を報告してもらう経験サンプリング法による測定を採用した。参加者は事前に抑うつ・注意制御スキルを測定された上で、1日4回×4日間、反すうに関する7つの項目(反すうを行った時間・思考のネガティブさ・自責的思考・不快感の原因や結果に関する思考・問題解決的思考・抽象的思考・思考の制御)について、それぞれ0-100で回答するよう求められた。調査は本学の大学生・大学院生を対象として実施され、96名から有効回答を得た。はじめに、性別と学年の影響を統制した上で変数間の偏相関分析を行ったところ、選択的注意スキルの高さが反すうを行った時間・思考内容のネガティブさ・不快感の原因や結果に関する思考と有意な負の相関、思考の制御と有意傾向の正の相関を示した。また、注意制御の3つのスキル(選択的注意・転換的注意・分割的注意)はいずれも抑うつと有意な負の相関を示した。次に、反すうに関する7つの項目を予測変数、抑うつを従属変数としてステップワイズ法による重回帰分析を行ったところ、最終的に思考内容のネガティブさ(β= .28, p = .01)・抽象的思考(β = .29, p = .002)・思考の制御(β= -.23, p = .02)を予測変数とするモデルが得られた(R2 =.26, p < .001)。本研究の結果より、選択的注意スキルは否定的で受動的な反すう思考の生起・持続を予防し、抑うつの悪化を防いでいる可能性が示唆された。研究成果は来年度に学会発表および学術論文として公表する予定である。

  • 注意分割を伴う気晴らし技法が注意視野と反すう思考に及ぼす影響の検討

    2020  

     View Summary

    新型感染症の影響により,当初予定していた実験は実施できなかったため,オンライン調査を実施した。本調査は,不快な物事について考え続ける反すうが抑うつに及ぼす影響,およびこの影響に対する注意制御スキルの調整効果を2時点で測定するものであった。本学の大学生・院生150名のデータを分析対象とした。この結果,注意制御スキルのうち,選択的注意・分割的注意が高い人は,反すう思考を行いやすい場合でも後の時点(3か月後)の抑うつの上昇にはつながらないこと,一方,転換的注意が高い場合には逆に,反すう思考の行いやすさが後の時点での抑うつの高まりにつながることが示された。

  • 注意の分割を伴う気晴らしによる反すう思考の変化の検討

    2019  

     View Summary

    うつの要因の一つである反すうは、不快な出来事について繰り返し考え続ける状態を指す。思考が反すう状態に陥る原因として、限られたネガティブな情報のみを処理し続けてしまう注意の視野の狭まりが挙げられる。そこで本研究は、不快な出来事を考えながら同時に気晴らしを行うことで注意視野の拡張を促す「注意分割気晴らし」が反すうの連続性に及ぼす効果を検討した。実験では、反すうを喚起した後に注意分割気晴らし、通常の気晴らし、反すうの継続、安静のいずれかを行ってもらい、その後に反すう思考がどれほど持続的に発生するかを測定した。この結果、注意分割気晴らしが反すう思考の持続を緩和することは示されなかった。

  • 気晴らし時におけるネガティブな思考の抑制と意図的想起による効果の比較検討

    2018   越川房子

     View Summary

    Distraction is defined as a behavior to focusattention away from one’s negative mood and its causes onto pleasant or neutralstimuli (Rusting & Nolen-Hoeksema, 1998). Although this strategy is effectiveto reduce negative mood immediately, it has been suggested that distraction foravoidance of one’s negative problems prevent from solving or accepting them (e.g.Steil & Ehlers, 2000). Then, we have examined the effect of “divided-attentiondistraction” which encourage one to recall negative memory intentionally whileengaging in distraction task (Ishikawa & Koshikawa, 2018).  In this study, we compared the effect of divided-attentiondistraction on mood and aversion to negative event with distraction aiming atsuppressing thoughts about negative event. Participants were required to engagein divided-attention distraction (group A) or distraction for suppression (groupB) or rest (group C) for 8 minutes, following inducing negative ruminationabout previous negative events. Subsequently, all participants took a rest for5 minutes.   Thescore of aversion to the event reduced significantly after distraction andafter 5-minute rest in group A. On the other hand, group B and C did not showsignificant reduction after 5-minute rest. This result suggests that divided-attentiondistraction would promote acceptance or emotion processing.