Updated on 2022/07/02

写真a

 
ONISHI, Koichiro
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, School of Education
Job title
Professor

Research Institute

  • 2021
    -
    2022

    データ科学センター   兼任センター員

Degree

  • 2007.03   一橋大学   博士(経済学)

Research Experience

  • 2022.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences   Professor

  • 2018.04
    -
    2022.03

    Waseda University   Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences   Associate Professor

  • 2017.04
    -
    2018.03

    Osaka Institute of Technology   Faculty of Intellectual Property   Associate Professor

  • 2009.04
    -
    2017.03

    Osaka Institute of Technology   Faculty of Intellectual Property   Assistant Professor

  • 2014.07
    -
    2015.07

    Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition   Visiting Senior Fellow

  • 2006.08
    -
    2009.03

    National Institute of Science and Technology Policy   Research Fellow

  • 2005.04
    -
    2006.07

    Institute of Intellectual Property   Research Fellow

▼display all

 

Research Areas

  • Economic policy

Research Interests

  • Intellectual Property Right

  • Economics of science

  • Innovation

  • Industrial Organization

Papers

  • The Impact of Generous Financial Support on Firm Entry and Exit in the Restaurant Industry during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Masato Oikawa, Koichiro Onishi

    SSRN Electronic Journal    2022

    DOI

  • Consumption responses to COVID-19 payments: Evidence from a natural experiment and bank account data

    So Kubota, Koichiro Onishi, Yuta Toyama

    Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization   188   1 - 17  2021.08  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • How Do Inventors Respond to Financial Incentives? Evidence from Unanticipated Court Decisions on Employee Inventions in Japan

    Koichiro Onishi, Hideo Owan, Sadao Nagaoka

    Journal of Law and Economics   64 ( 2 ) 301 - 339  2021.06  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Does patenting always help new firm survival? Understanding heterogeneity among exit routes

    Masatoshi Kato, Koichiro Onishi, Yuji Honjo

    Small Business Economics    2021.05  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <sec>
    <title>Abstract</title>
    While patents are a valuable resource ensuring the competitive advantage of firms, there is limited evidence on the role of patents in the survival and exit strategies of new firms. To fill the gap in the literature, we examine whether the effects of patenting on new firm survival vary according to exit routes (bankruptcy, merger, and voluntary liquidation), while considering the endogeneity of patenting. We use a large-scale sample of new firms in the Japanese manufacturing and information services sectors for the period 2003–2013. The findings indicate that new firms with a higher stock of patents are less likely to go bankrupt. Conversely, new firms with a higher stock of patents are more likely to exit via merger. These findings are consistent, regardless of whether patent stock is measured based on the patent applications or granted patents. Furthermore, we provide evidence that new firms with a higher stock of granted patents are more likely to voluntarily liquidate their businesses.


    </sec><sec>
    <title>Plain English Summary</title>
    Can new firms enjoy a “patent premium” in terms of survival and exit outcomes? The findings of this study indicate that (1) patenting reduces the risk of bankruptcy, and (2) it increases the odds of exit via merger and voluntary liquidation. On the one hand, patenting ensures that new firms obtain competitive advantages, and thus, survive in the product market. On the other hand, it enables new firms to pursue successful exit strategies in the markets for ideas. This study concludes that new firms can enjoy a patent premium in terms of survival and exit outcomes. In promoting sustainable economic growth via entrepreneurship, policymakers need to shift their focus from creating more firms to creating innovative firms.


    </sec>

    DOI

  • Consumption Responses to COVID-19 Payments: Evidence from a Natural Experiment and Bank Account Data

    So Kubota, Koichiro Onishi, Yuta Toyama

    Covid Economics Vettd and Real-Time Papers   62   90 - 123  2020.12  [Refereed]

  • Graduate education and long‐term inventive performance: Evidence from undergraduates' choices during recessions

    Koichiro Onishi, Sadao Nagaoka

    Journal of Economics & Management Strategy   29 ( 3 ) 465 - 491  2020.07  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

    DOI

  • Heterogeneous Impacts of National Research Grants on Academic Productivity

    Koichiro Onishi, Hideo Owan

    RIETI Discussion Paper   20-E-052  2020

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Intellectual Property Rights for Software and Accessibility to Venture Capitalists

    K. Onishi, I. Yamauchi

    RIETI Discussion Paper 18-E-036    2018

  • Causal Effects of Software Patents on Firm Growth: Evidence from a policy reform in Japan

    K. Onishi

    RIETI Discussion Paper 18-E-063    2018

  • 中小企業における特許保有・営業秘密とパフォーマンスの関係-特許審査請求料・特許料減免制度の非連続性を用いた分析-

    大西宏一郎, 西村陽一郎

    日本知財学会誌   Vol.15 ( No.2 ) 68 - 85  2018  [Refereed]

  • 途上国の知的財産制度の整備状況と日本企業の海外活動に関する研究

    大西宏一郎

    特許庁委託平成25年度産業財産権研究推進事業報告書    2015

  • 発明者の研究キャリア、モチベーションと処遇:発明者サーベイ調査から

    長岡貞男, 大西宏一郎

    日本労働経済雑誌   No.660   51 - 65  2015  [Invited]

  • 中小企業における共同研究の有効性と成果の権利帰属に関する実証分析-特許の共同発明・共同出願の観点から-

    大西宏一郎, 枝村一磨, 山内勇

    日本政策金融公庫論集     43 - 60  2014  [Invited]

  • 発明者の内発的動機と金銭的報酬 : 先行研究と日米欧発明者サーベイの結果から

    大西宏一郎, 長岡貞男

    日本知財学会誌   Vol.10 ( No.13 ) 4 - 13  2014  [Invited]

  • The effects of compensation plans for employee inventions on R&amp;D productivity: New evidence from Japanese panel data

    Koichiro Onishi

    Research Policy   42 ( 2 ) 367 - 378  2013  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article reports the first results on how monetary compensation plans for employee inventions affect R&amp
    D productivity, based on the notable panel data of Japanese firms. The study finds that the introduction of revenue-based compensation plans that are linked to patent performance lead to an increase in the number of high cited patents, while this never leads to an increase in the number of patent applications. Furthermore, this is strongly effective in smaller firms. These results indicate that the monetary incentives based on patent performance are effective on enhancing the motivation of employee inventors. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

    DOI

  • 著作財産権存続期間延長論-存続期間延長による映画著作物の収益性上昇効果の実証的考察-

    大西宏一郎, 今西頼太

    知的財産法政策学研究   No.37  2012

  • 研究開発優遇税制は企業の研究開発投資を増加させるのか-試験研究費の総額に係る税額控除制度の導入効果分析-

    大西宏一郎, 永田晃也

    研究 技術 計画   24   400 - 412  2010  [Refereed]

  • 液晶ディスプレイ産業における知識スピルオーバーと研究開発の生産性

    大西宏一郎

    研究 技術 計画   21   88 - 104  2007  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • クラスターはイノベーションの質を高めるのか

    西村陽一郎, 大西宏一郎, 真保智行

    日本企業研究のフロンティア   ( 2 ) 73 - 88  2006  [Refereed]

  • 特許ライセンスの契約形態の決定要因 -企業規模と特許の藪-

    大西宏一郎, 岡田羊祐

    日本経済研究   52   44 - 66  2005  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

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Misc

  • 日本産業の基礎研究と産学連携のイノベーション効果とスピルオーバー効果

    長岡貞男, 枝村一磨, 大西宏一郎, 塚田尚稔, 内藤祐介, 門脇諒

    RIETI Discussion Paper   20-J-001  2020

  • 日本企業の模倣被害データを用いた知的財産インデックスの説明力の検証

    大西宏一郎

    統計   70巻 ( 11号 ) 20 - 26  2019  [Invited]

  • 特許の審査請求料等の減免制度の利用が企業の特許登録等に与える影響

    大西宏一郎

    Patent Studies   No.68   35 - 50  2019  [Invited]

  • How does Graduate Education Affect Inventive Performance? Evidence from Undergraduates' Choices during Recessions

    K. Onishi, S. Nagaoka

    RIETI Discussion Paper 18-E-016    2018

  • 特許行動に関する基礎分析-企業の基本属性の視点-

    沈政郁, 大西宏一郎, 本庄裕司

    Discussion Paper 2017.2. 京都産業大学    2017

  • 家族企業の特許行動に関する基礎分析

    沈政郁, 大西宏一郎

    Discussion Paper 2017.3. 京都産業大学    2017

  • 審査請求料等の減免制度が企業活動に与える効果について

    大西宏一郎

    『我が国の知的財産制度が経済に果たす役割に関する調査報告書』    2017

  • How Do Inventors Respond to Financial Incentives? - Evidence from the 2001 Court Decision on Employee Inventions in Japan

    K. Onishi, H. Owan, S. Nagaoka

    SSRN3025512    2017

    DOI

  • Do patenting always help new-firm survival?

    M. Kato, K. Onishi, Y. Honjyo

    Kwansei Gakuin Discussion Paper 159    2017

  • オープン・クローズ戦略と特許化・利用行動との関係

    大西宏一郎, 西村陽一郎

    『我が国の知的財産制度が経済に果たす役割に関する調査報告書』    2016

  • 企業パフォーマンスと知的財産権の貢献に関する調査

    山内勇, 長岡貞男, 大西宏一郎

    『我が国の知的財産制度が経済に果たす役割に関する調査報告書』    2016

  • Monetary Incentives for Corporate Inventors: Intrinsic Motivation, Project Selection and Inventive Performance

    K. Onishi, H. Owan, S. Nagaoka

    RIETI Discussion Paper 15-E-071    2015

  • 発明者へのインセンティブ設計:理論と実証

    長岡貞男, 大西宏一郎

    RIETI Discussion Paper 14-J-044    2014

  • How to Trace Mobile Inventors in Japanese Patent Data? A Unique Name Approach

    I. Yamauchi, K. Onishi, T. Suzuki

    IIPR Discussion Paper Series, 2014-01    2014

  • ソフトウェア特許の権利範囲の拡大とソフトウェアベンチャーの収益性、資金調達

    大西宏一郎, 林茂樹, 山内勇

    『我が国経済の新たな成長に向けた産業財産権の出願行動等に関する分析調査報告書』    2012

  • 発明者から見た2000年代初頭の日本のイノベーション過程:イノベーション力強化への課題

    塚田尚稔, 長岡貞男, 大西宏一郎

    RIETI Discussion Paper 12-J-033    2012

  • Life-cycle Productivity of Industrial Inventors: Education and Other Determinants

    K. Onishi, S. Nagaoka

    RIETI Discussion Paper 12-E-059    2012

  • Standardization and Accuracy of Japanese Patent Applicant Names

    K. Onishi, Y. Nishimura, N. Tsukada, I. Yamaichi, T. Shimbo, M. Kani, K. Nakamura

    IIPR Discussion Paper No.2012-001    2012

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Awards

  • 論文賞

    2019   日本知財学会  

  • 論文賞

    2010   研究・技術計画学会  

Research Projects

  • 我が国企業経営における「過去の経験」と「企業人の行動」に関する実証分析

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(B)

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2025.03
     

    西村 陽一郎, 蟹 雅代, 山内 勇, 大西 宏一郎, 鈴木 健嗣

  • International comparative study on establishment, business development and growth of university-/public research institute- originated venture companies

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Project Year :

    2019.04
    -
    2024.03
     

  • 中小企業に対する特許料・審査請求料の減免制度と資金制約に関する分析

    公益財団法人全国銀行学術研究振興財団  研究活動に対する助成

    Project Year :

    2021.01
    -
    2021.12
     

    大西宏一郎

  • Patent System and Firm performance

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • Basic Research Regarding the Effect of Kakenhi on Research Productivity

    Project Year :

    2017.04
    -
    2019.03
     

  • The effect of graduate education on inventive performance

    Project Year :

    2015.04
    -
    2018.03
     

     View Summary

    Using individuals’ life-cycle invention data, we investigate how graduate education affects inventive performance and inventors’ ability to absorb and combine diverse knowledge sources. We use the status of college labor markets as instrumental variables to control for the endogeneity of educational choice, our primary instrumental variable being the difference between the unemployment rate and its natural rate by academic field. We find that graduate education, induced by the instrumental variables, significantly enhances inventive performance (10-14%) and the scope of exploited knowledge, exceeding the levels implied by OLS. Graduate education can have a significant causal effect on inventive capability and performance

  • Knowledge exploitation and patent system

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2018.03
     

     View Summary

    With the introduction of the pre-grant publication system in Japan and US as natural experiments, this research project has found that the pre-grant publication not only increased the speed of knowledge diffusion from the invention, but also enhanced the first mover advantage of the disclosed invention on average. Also, we analyzed the effect of the introduction of the mandatory disclosure of prior arts in Japan in 2002, and found that the quality of disclosure improved, with the effect of shortening the examination period, and that the predictive power of inventor citations with respect to the patent value also increased. Consistent with these results, we also found that the extent to which the patent examination reduces the scope of the patent is greater as the applicant's disclosure quality is lower. In addition, we obtained new findings on the inventor's ability to absorb knowledge, the information constraint on the Patent Office, and the knowledge flow effect of grace period

  • A study on the growth of high-tech start-ups: Emprical evidence from the perspective of technology and governance

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2017.03
     

    Honjo Yuji, YAMADA Kazuo

     View Summary

    This study examines the determinants of post-entry performance of high-tech start-ups in Japan to identify the process from entrepreneurship to innovation. In this study, we newly construct a data set of high-tech start-ups by matching some data sources. Using this data set, we investigate how entrepreneurs’ human capital, including technological ability, and governance at founding affect the post-entry performance of firms. Moreover, we provide some evidence on what factors affect the growth of high-tech start-ups, which will lead to policies to promote entrepreneurship and innovation in high-tech start-ups.

  • The Determinants of Research Productivity among Inventors

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B)

    Project Year :

    2012.04
    -
    2015.03
     

    ONISHI Koichiro

     View Summary

    In this paper, I first examine the effect of revenue-based payment for employee inventors on inventive productivity using firm level micro data. Second, I investigate the relationship between education level and productivity among inventors. Lastly, I study how joint researches between large firm, SMEs and universities are conducted and who acquire the right of research outputs through joint research in fuel cell area.

  • Industry-Academia-Government Collaboration Research Program on the Innovation Process

    Project Year :

    2008.05
    -
    2013.03
     

     View Summary

    Collaborating with world-wide industrial, governmental and academic organizations, the research conducted the unique questionnaire surveys of R&D projects and consortia in science-based industries together with large number of the related intensive and cross-bordering fieldworks about them, and clarified the essential characteristics and/or weakness of innovation processes of those industries in Japan. It also provided the novel theoretical and empirical frameworks/methodologies for investigating the relevant polices and strategies to enhance the performance of those R&D activities

  • 研究者に対するインセンティブ設計と知的生産性に関する研究

    科学研究費補助金

    Project Year :

    2009.04
    -
    2012.03
     

  • Construction Process of World's Top Class Research Center

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Project Year :

    2008
    -
    2010
     

    NAGATA Akiya, UENO Akira, HASEGAWA Koichi, ONISHI Koichiro, SHINOZAKI Kaori

     View Summary

    This research is implemented to clarify the basic conditions for the construction of world's top class research centers, which is targeted by 3rd science and technology basic plan in Japan. By using the case analyses for some excellent research centers in Europe and North America, this research produced the results as follows. The promotion program for construction of research center must to involve the variety correspond to the differences in the construction factors of top class research center by research fields. A strategy aiming to lead the new research field is continually necessary to sustain the top class position for the research centers.

  • 発明報奨制度と研究者のインセンティブ

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 若手研究(B)

    Project Year :

    2007
    -
    2009
     

    大西 宏一郎

     View Summary

    本研究では、日本企業が導入した発明報奨制度が企業の研究開発の生産性の向上に結びついているかどうかを実証的に分析した。分析結果では、特許の出願・登録時の報奨制度の導入は、企業の特許件数の増加に結びついているが、被引用回数で測った特許1件あたりの質が低下することが示された。質の低下は、導入以前には特許化されなかった質の低い発明が特許化されるようになったことが主な原因と考えられる。他方で、売上高や利益、ライセンスロイヤリティ等の特許の実績に応じて支払う実績報奨制度の導入は、特許出願・登録件数だけでなく、特許の質の向上に結びついていないことが明らかとなった。以上の結果は、発明報奨制度の導入が十分に企業の発明能力の向上に結びついていないことを強く示唆していると言える。

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Specific Research

  • みずほ銀行の個人・法人口座データを用いた経済分析

    2020  

     View Summary

     早稲田大学とみずほ銀行との学術交流協定およびデータ科学センターとの協力の下で、銀行口座情報を用いて、2020年にコロナ禍で実施された政府による特別定額給付金が家計の消費行動等に与える影響を分析した。その結果、40%程度定額給付金は家計の支出を増加させるのに貢献していることが明らかとなった。また、コロナ禍で4月以降に所得の減少があった世帯や流動性制約がある世帯において、そうでない世帯と比較して消費支出を促す効果が高いことが明らかとなった。銀行口座データは預金引き出し行動までしか確認できないことを鑑みると、消費を過大に推計している可能性があるものの、定額給付金の支給は消費を喚起する効果があったと言えよう。

  • 花粉の飛散量の増大が労働生産性や社会生活に与える影響

    2019  

     View Summary

    スギを中心とする花粉のアレルギー疾患は臨床報告や少ないサンプルを用いた実験において、労働生産性等に影響を与えることが示されている。しかし、実際に社会全般にどの程度影響を与えるのかは十分に研究されていない。日本での花粉のアレルギー疾患患者数は40%と推定される中、仮に生産性等にマイナスの影響を与えている場合には、その損失は計り知れない。本研究は、地域別の花粉症の日時データの飛散量と当該地域での交通死亡事故数との関連性を分析した。分析結果では、日中の平均花粉飛散量が多い都道府県ほど交通事故死亡者数は増加するが、統計的に有意なほどとは言えない結果となった。

  • 特許審査請求手数料・特許料の減免制度が中小企業の特許出願行動等に与える影響

    2018  

     View Summary

    2000年に導入された中小企業に対する特許の審査請求手数料・特許料の減免制度は、中小企業におけるイノベーションによる収益性を高め、彼らの研究開発意欲を引き出す重要な政策手段である。しかし、実際にこれらの制度がどの程度中小企業の企業行動に影響を与えているのかは十分に明らかになっていない。そこで本研究では、特許の減免制度の利用が企業のイノベーション活動にどのような影響を与えるのかを分析した。現時点で得られている分析結果を述べると、制度利用によって、企業の特許登録率は上昇し、特許の存続期間も延長される一方で、特許の質の低下は見られないという結果を得ている。今後は本結果がどの程度頑健性のある結果と言えるのかを、厳密に検証する予定である。

 

Syllabus

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