MIYATA, Hiromitsu

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences, School of Culture, Media and Society

Job title

Professor

Homepage URL

http://researchers.waseda.jp/profile/en.f9878aeddcf167b1e255cbb088a51caf.html

Education 【 display / non-display

  • 2006.04
    -
    2009.03

    Kyoto University   Graduate School of Letters  

  • 2004.04
    -
    2006.03

    Kyoto University   Graduate School of Letters  

  • 2000.04
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    2004.03

    Kyoto University   Faculty of Letters  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • 2009.03   Kyoto University   Ph.D. (Letters)

  • 2006.03   Kyoto University   M.A. (Letters)

  • 2004.03   Kyoto University   B.A. (Letters)

Research Experience 【 display / non-display

  • 2019.04
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    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences   Professor

  • 2016.09
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    Now

    Japan Institute of Lifelong Learning   Visiting Researcher

  • 2014.04
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    Now

    Aoyama Gakuin University   College of Education, Psychology and Human Studies   Part-time Lecturer

  • 2017
    -
    2019

    Waseda University   Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences   Associate Professor

  • 2014
    -
    2017

    Aoyama Gakuin University   Human Innovation Research Center   Visiting Researcher

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Professional Memberships 【 display / non-display

  • 2020.04
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    Now

    The Japanese Association of Health Psychology

  • 2015.09
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    Now

    Japan Emotionology Society

  • 2014.10
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    Now

    Japanese Association of Mindfulness

  • 2013.05
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    Now

    Japanese Cognitive Science Society

  • 2009.04
    -
    Now

    Japanese Society of Cognitive Neuroscience

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Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Cognitive and brain science

  • Clinical psychology

  • Experimental psychology

  • Cognitive science

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • thinking

  • meditation

  • neuroplasticity

  • expertise

  • problem solving

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Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Mindfulness and psychological health in practitioners of Japanese martial arts: A cross-sectional study

    Hiromitsu Miyata, Daisuke Kobayashi, Akifumi Sonoda, Hibiki Motoike, Saki Akatsuka

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation   12   75  2020.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

     View Summary

    <title>Abstract</title><sec>
    <title>Background</title>
    Empirical data have suggested that mind-body practices that originated in Eastern traditions can cause desirable changes to psychological traits, the brain, somatic physiological functions, etc. Martial arts in Japan refer to the physical/mental practices that were developed based on historical combat techniques. Today, martial arts are considered activities that seek embodiment and/or mind-body unity, as well as sports. Empirical studies involving practitioners of Japanese martial arts to date remain scarce.


    </sec><sec>
    <title>Methods</title>
    We conducted a questionnaire survey using a cross-sectional design to examine whether the practice of martial arts based on Japanese traditions are associated with mindfulness and psychological health. Participants included a population of practitioners of martial arts with a practice period of 0.6–35.0 years, and non-practitioners matched for demographic variables.


    </sec><sec>
    <title>Results</title>
    Compared with the non-practitioners, the practitioners of martial arts had significantly higher scores for mindfulness and subjective well-being and lower scores for depression. Among the practitioners of martial arts, a longer period of practice or a higher frequency of daily practice significantly predicted higher mindfulness and psychological health.


    </sec><sec>
    <title>Conclusions</title>
    The results obtained are consistent with those previously obtained for other populations of Japanese contemplatives, and support the view that practice of multiple Eastern mind-body practices might be associated with similar desirable psychological outcomes. A cross-sectional design has limitations in that it is difficult to determine the effect of continued practice, so that a longitudinal study that follows the same practitioners over time is desired in the future enquiry.


    </sec>

    DOI

  • Impacts of reading habits on mindfulness and psychological status: A further analysis

    Hiromitsu Miyata

    WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL   8   207 - 218  2020.10  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Impact of 5-Minute meditation sessions at the beginning of a university class on the psychological states of undergraduates

    Japanese Journal of Mindfulness   5 ( 1 ) 1 - 12  2020.08  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author

  • Ongaku chikaku to undo shutaikan no seiseikatei to no kanren ni kansuru ichi kosatu (A discussion on the associations between music perception and emergence of the sense of agency)

    Technical Report of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society   JCSS-TR-83   1 - 18  2020.03  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author

  • Pain and psychological health: Examination of moderating effects by using the Six Factors Mindfulness Scale

    Hiromitsu Miyata

    The AGU Journal of Psychology   20   印刷中  2020  [Domestic journal]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

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Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • DAIHORIN 2019.11.

    ( Part: Contributor, Mindfulness ga toku kokoro ("Kokoro" that mindfulness tells))

    DAIHORIN-KAKU  2019.11

  • Dobutsu-tachi ha nani wo kangaete iru? Dobutsu-sinrigaku no chosen (What are animals thinking about? Challenges of animal psychology)

    Kazuo Fujita, The Japanese, Society for Animal Psychology( Part: Contributor, Kou-yatte, aa-yatte…Dobutsu ni sakiyomi ha dekiru? (This way, then that way…Can animal plan ahead?) (Pp. 148-152))

    Gijutsu-Hyohron Co., Ltd.  2015.05 ISBN: 9784774172583

  • Dobutsu-no keikaku-nouryoku: “Shiko” no sinka wo saguru (Planning abilities in animals: In search for the evolution of “thinking”)

    Hiromitsu Miyata( Part: Sole author)

    Kyoto University Press  2014.03 ISBN: 9784876983971

Misc 【 display / non-display

  • "Koto kyoiku kikan ni okeru jinzai ikusei" ni kansuru jittai chosa (9-11, 2017) hokokusho (Report of the fact-finding survey on "human resource development at institutions of higher education (9-11, 2017)")

    Japan Institute of Lifelong Learning

        1 - 74  2018.06  [Domestic journal]

    Internal/External technical report, pre-print, etc.  

  • "Hi ninchi noryoku" no gainen ni kansuru kosatsu (A discussoin on the concept of "non-cognitive skill")

    Japan Institute of Lifelong Learning

        1 - 11  2018.03  [Domestic journal]

    Internal/External technical report, pre-print, etc.  

  • Research on mindfulness and changes of information processing

    Hiromitsu Miyata

        1 - 4  2017.05  [Domestic journal]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

    Other  

  • Training that heightens creaticity: Altered information processing through contemplative practice

    Hiromitsu Miyata

    Research report of the NPO, NeuroCreative Lab Research Grant 2015     1 - 3  2017.05  [Domestic journal]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

    Internal/External technical report, pre-print, etc.  

  • "Sohatsu gakushu kankyo design" kyoiku kenkyu project katsudo seika hokoku (Progress report of the "emergent learning environmental design" education and research activity)

    Hiroaki Suzuki, Yumiko Sugitani, Atsushi Terao, Eri Shigemasu, Hiromitsu Miyata, Satoshi Suzuki

        5 - 15  2016  [Domestic journal]

    Internal/External technical report, pre-print, etc.  

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Awards 【 display / non-display

  • JPA Awards for International Contributions to Psychology: Awards for Distinguished Early and Middle Career Contributions

    2016.03   The Japanese Psychological Association  

    Winner: Hiromitsu Miyata

  • Research Grant 2015

    2016.03   NPO, NeuroCreative Lab   Training that heightens creaticity: Altered information processing through contemplative practice

    Winner: Hiromitsu Miyata

  • Poster Award, The 17th Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Cognitive Neuroscience

    2012.09   Japanese Society of Cognitive Neuroscience   Visuo-spatial processing and eye-movements when reading Japanese short novels: Comparisons between normal and speed-readers

    Winner: Hiromitsu Miyata, Shigeru Watanabe, Kazuhiro Ueda, Toyofumi Sasaki, Yasuyo Minagawa

Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • メンタルトレーニングによる身体内外環境への気づきの統合

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03
     

    宮田 裕光

    Authorship: Principal investigator

     View Summary

    メンタルトレーニングないし瞑想的訓練が、ヒト成人の心理および身体生理状態、脳機能などに望ましい効果をもたらすことについては、心理学および脳神経科学の立場から多くの実証的知見が得られている。また近年では、マインドフルネスや瞑想への学術的および社会的注目も大きく高まっている。しかしながら、日本国内で伝統的に実践されている心身修養を対象とした実証的知見の蓄積は、いまだ少ない。ヨーガのような実践では、訓練を通して身体内部および外部環境に対する気づきや注意が統合、調和されることで、ネガティヴ情動の低減や主観的幸福感の増大といった、心理状態の望ましい方向への変容がもたらされる可能性がある。本研究では、日本におけるヨーガなどの実践を対象として、実践の継続による身体内外環境への気づきや注意、および心理状態の変容について、質問紙調査および自律神経活動計測を用いて量的に検証することを目的とした。
    平成30年度には、ヨーガ、瞑想の非実践者である大学生、およびヨーガの長期実践者1人を対象として、内受容感覚への気づきの鋭敏さの測定課題である心拍検出課題、一定時間の間の自身の呼吸回数を報告させる呼吸計数課題、およびマインドフルネス傾向についての質問紙を課した。その結果、予想とは逆に、ヨーガ熟達者の方が心拍および呼吸の自己報告値と計測値とのずれが大きかった。またマインドフルネス得点は、ヨーガ実践者の方が非実践者よりも高かった。実践者の自己報告から、日常における瞑想場面と異なるこれらの課題を持続的に遂行することが困難だった可能性が示唆された。
    また、メンタルトレーニングないし瞑想的実践に関する最新の研究成果を、日本マインドフルネス学会、北米神経科学学会を含む国内外の学会年次大会等で発表した。さらに、日本発達心理学会において、マインドフルネスの発達に関するシンポジウムを共同企画、実施した。

  • Training that enhances creativity: Changes in information processing induced by meditation

    Research Grant 2015

    Project Year :

    2016.03
    -
    2017.03
     

    Hiromitsu Miyata

    Authorship: Principal investigator

  • Research on mindfulness and changes of information processing

    Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B)

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2017.03
     

    Miyata Hiromitsu

     View Summary

    The present study examined changes of psychological and physiological status induced by mindfulness, or contemplative practices. First, a questionnaire survey was conducted in order to uncover psychological status of trainees in contemplative reading (i.e., speed-reading). The results suggested desirable changes of psychological status associated with continued training. Also, for non-meditators habits of reading predicted more desirable psychological status. Second, autonomic nervous activities in an experienced yoga practitioner were measured during meditations with different themes. Different patterns in autonomic nervous activities were observed between meditation while focusing attention on one’s own breath and meditation while internally repeating a mantra of love, which suggested active switching of physiological status.

  • Representation and function of subliminal information used in problem solving

    Project Year :

    2012.04
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    2015.03
     

    Hiroaki Suzuki, Haruaki Fukuda, Satoshi Suzuki, Hiromitsu Miyata

    Authorship: Coinvestigator(s)

     View Summary

    Previous studies have revealed that subliminal hint information facilitates performance in insight problem solving. Our research aims at specifying which memory system the subliminal information is stored, and examining whether this information is static visual image or manipulated flexibly. In order to specify the memory system, we posed a visual search task when presenting subliminal hint information. The results showed that subjects' performance would not affected by a dual task which is expected to interfere the retention of the subliminal hint information. This suggests that subliminal information should be stored in a storage system other than working memory. In the second experiment, we presented subjects with a series of partial hint information subliminally. However, this experimental manipulation would not affect subjects' performance at all. The results suggest that subliminal information could not be manipulated flexibly, unlike information in working memory.

  • Discretionary Funds of the President for publication of the Ph.D. thesis

    Project Year :

    2013.04
    -
    2014.03
     

    Hiromitsu Miyata

    Authorship: Principal investigator

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Specific Research 【 display / non-display

  • 大学生のマインドフルネスと心理に関する基礎的研究

    2020   石川 遥至

     View Summary

    (This abstract is tantatively undisclosed)

  • メンタルトレーニングによる身体内部環境への気づきの変容

    2019  

     View Summary

    The present study aimed to elucidate whether and how meditation-based mental training would alter interoceptive awareness, i.e., sensitivity to one’s own bodily sensations. In Study 1, an advanced expert on contemplative practices and control participants naïve to meditation completed psychological scales on interoceptive awareness, trait mindfulness, subjective well-being, and trait anxiety. Compared with the control participants, the meditator self-reported significantly higher scores on multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness including noticing, attention regulation, body listening, and trusting. The expert also reported higher scores on mindfulness and well-being and lower scores on anxiety. These case data are consistent with the notion that enhanced sensitivity to one’s own bodily states are associated with higher psychological well-being among contemplatives. Study 2 preliminarily examined whether interoceptive awareness may be deteriorated when staying in a microgravity environment. Participants who were not habitual meditators stayed either in a pool or on the ground for an hour, and performed on a heartbeat detection task before and after each stay. Significant changes in performance on heartbeat detection were not observed, although time-domain heart rate variability (RMSSD) increased after staying in the water. These data could be used in a future study to examine potential differences between meditators and non-meditators.

  • 武道の実践による生理心理過程の変容

    2019  

     View Summary

    Martial arts refer to physical and mental practices based on historical combat techniques, and have been suggested to involve components parallel to those of Zen Buddhism and mindfulness. Empirical studies involving Japanese experts on traditional martial arts to date remain scarce. The present study involved a highly advanced expert on martial arts as well as non-practitioners to examine practice-induced differences in interoceptive awareness. In order to examine interoceptive accuracy, i.e., sensitivity to one’s own bodily sensations, a heartbeat detection task and an original task to estimate respiratory rate were introduced. A multisensor physiological measurement system NeXus-4 wad used to measure autonomic nervous system activities during these tasks. Compared with the non-practitioners, the expert on martial arts performed significantly better on the heartbeat detection task. The expert also performed better than non-practitioners on the respiratory rate estimation task, although the data were not supported by statistical significance. These case data seem to preliminarily support the idea that long-term practice of traditional marital arts can improve at least some dimensions of interoceptive awareness. The data may also be associated with the enhanced dispositional mindfulness and psychological health outcomes that were previously suggested in the population of practitioners of Japanese traditional martial arts.

  • 武道の熟達による心身変容の心理学的基礎

    2018   村松 聡, 小村 優太, 石川 遥至, 丸山 貴彦

     View Summary

    Martial arts refer to the physical/mental practices based on the historical combat techniques of Japan. The present study examined psychological status and interoceptive awareness (preliminary experiments) in practitioners of martial arts based on Japan’s traditions. In Study 1, a questionnaire survey was conducted to assess whether practitioners of martial arts show enhanced mindfulness and relevant psychological traits. Participants included thirty-three practitioners of martial arts whose practice period ranged from 0.6 to 35.0 years, and 66 non-practitioners as controls. Compared with the non-practitioners, the practitioners self-reported significantly higher scores on mindfulness and subjective well-being and significantly lower scores on depression. Among the practitioners, period of practice was significantly correlated positively with scores of mindfulness and well-being and negatively with those of depression. These data are consistent with those previously obtained for Japanese yoga practitioners (Miyata et al., 2015), and support the view that continued training in various Eastern traditional mind-body practices can cause desirable changes to the psychological status. In Study 2, a preliminary investigation of interoceptive awareness was conducted by involving university students. Heartbeat detection task and an original breath counting task were introduced, which could be used in the forthcoming experiments to compare practitioners and non-practitioners of martial arts.

  • 読書とマインドフルネスに関する研究

    2017  

     View Summary

    Although contemplative practices have been suggested to alter information processing, little empirical data have demonstrated relationships between higher daily cognitive activities such as reading and psychological functions. The present study examined habits of reading in university students, and how reading activities may be associated with mindfulness and psychological status. 52 students (mean age: 20.2 years) participated in a questionnaire survey that included mindfulness, subjective well-being, depression, and anxiety. Participants also reported time and amount of reading different types of text, and types of media when reading. Mean reading time was 45.3 min per day (6.1 books per month), of which novels and critical essays accounted for 15.6 min and 10.2 min, respectively. Reading with paper books and smartphones each accounted for 35.8 min and 8.6 min. Duration of reading paper books was significantly correlated with lower scores of well-being, and higher scores of depression and anxiety. By contrast, reading on PCs/tablets and playing games on smartphones showed significant correlations with higher scores of well-being. These results may reflect the fact that students often read books for obligatory studies, and use PCs/tablets and play games for pleasure. I made and plan multiple oral and poster presentations on this and related topics.

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Syllabus 【 display / non-display

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Teaching Experience 【 display / non-display

  • Graduation Research

    School of Culture, Media and Society, Waseda Universtiy  

    2019.04
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    Now
     

  • Seminar on Human Mind and Body (Mind and Body) B

    School of Culture, Media and Society, Waseda Universtiy  

    2019.04
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    Now
     

  • Seminar on Human Mind and Body (Mind and Body) A

    School of Culture, Media and Society, Waseda University  

    2019.04
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    Now
     

  • Contemporary Human Studies 2

    Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences, Waseda University  

    2019.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Contemporary Human Studies 1

    Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences, Waseda University  

    2019.04
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    Now
     

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Committee Memberships 【 display / non-display

  • 2020.04
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    Now

    Japan Association of Somatics & Somatic Psychology  Steering Committee