Updated on 2022/10/01

写真a

 
INOUE, Makoto
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Human Sciences, School of Human Sciences
Job title
Professor
Profile

Emeritus Professor, The University of Tokyo (June 2021)

 

Concurrent Post

  • Faculty of Human Sciences   School of Human Sciences (Online Degree Program)

  • Faculty of Human Sciences   Graduate School of Human Sciences

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

Education

  • 1990.12
    -
    Now

    Doctor of Agriculture (The University of Tokyo, No.9950)  

  • 1979.04
    -
    1983.03

    The University of Tokyo  

  • 1976.04
    -
    1979.03

    Kofu First High School  

Degree

  • 1990.12   The University of Tokyo   Doctor of Agriculture (D.Agr.)

Research Experience

  • 2017.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Human Sciences   Professor

  • 2020.09
    -
    2022.09

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Human Sciences   Dean

  • 2020.09
    -
    2022.09

    Waseda University   Faculty of Human Sciences   Deputy Dean for International Affairs

  • 2004.08
    -
    2017.03

    The University of Tokyo   Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences   Professor

  • 1996.04
    -
    2004.08

    The University of Tokyo   Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences   Associate Professor

  • 1995.11
    -
    1996.03

    The University of Tokyo   Faculty of Agriculture   Associate Professor

  • 1991.04
    -
    1995.10

    The University of Tokyo   Faculty of Agriculture   Assistant Professor

  • 1990.01
    -
    1991.03

    Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Japan   Forest Management Division   Research staff

  • 1990.01
    -
    1991.03

    Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Japan   Forest Management Division   Research staff

  • 1987.04
    -
    1989.12

    Tropical Forest Research Center, Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture (Samarinda, Province of East Kalimantan)   Research staff (JICA long-term expert)

  • 1983.04
    -
    1987.04

    Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Japan   Forest Management Division   Research staff

  • 1983.04
    -
    1987.04

    Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Japan   Forest Management Division   Research staff

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Professional Memberships

  • 1998.04
    -
    Now

    Council member, The Japan Society of Tropical Ecology

  • 2020.04
    -
    2022.03

    Director, Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

  • 2020.01
    -
    2022.01

    Vice President, Japanese Society for Current Anthropology

  • 2019.01
    -
    2021.11

    Councilor, The International Association for the Study of the Commons

  • 2019.06
    -
    2021.06

    President, The Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

  • 2018.04
    -
    2020.03

    Vice President, Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

  • 2017.06
    -
    2019.06

    Member of International Relations Committee, Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

  • 2017.06
    -
    2019.06

    Director, Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

  • 2005.04
    -
    2017.03

    Council member, The Japanese Forest Economic Society

  • 2011.06
    -
    2015.06

    Member of International Relations Committee, Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

  • 2011.06
    -
    2015.06

    Director, Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

  • 2012.04
    -
    2014.03

    Member of steering committee, Japan Association for Malaysian Studies

  • 2006.04
    -
    2014.03

    Director and council member, The Japanese Forest Society

  • 2005.06
    -
    2007.06

    Member of International Relations Committee, Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

  • 1999.06
    -
    2003.06

    Editorial Board Member, Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

  •  
     
     

    Japanese Association for Social Reseaech

  •  
     
     

    Japanese Society for Science and Technology Studies

  •  
     
     

    The Japan Sociological Society

  •  
     
     

    The Society of Biosophia Studies

  •  
     
     

    The Japanese Society for Cultural Anthropology

  •  
     
     

    The Society for Ecological Anthropology

  •  
     
     

    The Japan Society For International Development

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Research Areas

  • Rural sociology and agricultural structure

  • Forest science

  • Area studies

  • Environmental policy and social systems

Research Interests

  • forest

  • governance

  • commons

  • livelihood

  • indigenous people

Papers

  • Local People’s Perceptions of Changing Ecosystem Services in Baroro River Watershed, Philippines

    Mark Anthony M. Ramirez, Juan M. Pulhin, Makoto Inoue

    Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources   05 ( 01 ) 17 - 39  2022.03  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author

     View Summary

    Establishing the status of ecosystem services entails knowing the connection between humans and nature, since the ability of a landscape to generate ecosystem services depends largely on how it is being managed. Using the framework of livelihood, income, forest condition and ecosystem services (LIFE) and place of residence, this paper aims to understand the relationship between the local people’s perceptions and ecosystem services at a given point of time. An upstream and a midstream village were selected in a watershed in Northern Philippines as a case where land use conversion, from forest to agriculture, has taken place at various time periods, to different extents, and where ecosystem services are crucial to production activities. This paper is to contribute to the limited literature on ecosystem services in the Philippines using the historical perspective of the local people. The results strongly indicate that the local people’s perceptions regarding ecosystem services are consistent with land use and land cover (LULC) changes that happened in the past. Livelihood, place of residence and, to some extent, income can become good predictors of the status of ecosystem services that can be harnessed for targeted interventions in the future.

    DOI

  • Understanding Local Peoples’ Participation as “Means” and “Ends” in Protected Areas Management: A Qualitative Study in the Heart of Borneo

    Makoto Inoue, Daisuke Terauchi, Koji Fujii, Kazuki Tsunoda, Noriko Okubo, Yukari Takamura, Herman Hidayat, Ndan Imang, Martinus Nanang, Peter Voo, Tapan Kumar Nath

    Journal of Sustainable Forestry   online   1 - 12  2021.06  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • How Can We Mitigate Power Imbalances in Collaborative Environmental Governance? Examining the Role of the Village Facilitation Team Approach Observed in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Yuki Arai, Maswadi Maswadi, Shenny Oktoriana, Anita Suharyani, Didik Didik, Makoto Inoue

    Sustainability   13 ( 7 ) 3972 - 3972  2021.04  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author

     View Summary

    Researchers have focused on collaborative governance as an effective measure to realise sustainable natural resource management through the participation of various stakeholders. However, the literature has indicated that issues such as power imbalances tend to undermine the effectiveness of collaborative governance. Powerful actors represented by the government tend to control collaborative processes and produce benefits for dominant groups, while less empowered local communities are often deprived of opportunities for livelihood improvement. Although numerous researchers have analysed the key factors that influence the processes and outcomes of collaborative governance, few have identified a concrete measure to reduce the risk of failure, particularly when managing power imbalances in developing countries. This study explored a methodology to address the power imbalances in collaborative governance based on a case study of a participatory peatland fire prevention project implemented in West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Semi-structured interviews and questionnaire surveys conducted with project participants suggested that measures such as establishing a joint team of government officers and villagers, providing a common facilitation training programme, training villagers as facilitators, promoting equal knowledge sharing, and allowing villagers to make their own decisions mitigated the power imbalances between the two groups.

    DOI

  • Achieving sustainable development goals through participatory forest management: Examples from South‐Eastern Bangladesh

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Makoto Inoue

    Natural Resources Forum   44 ( 4 ) 353 - 368  2020.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author

    DOI

  • Issue of Forest Land Management in Developing Thai Rural Areas: Decreasing Dependence on Forest Resources and Growing Demand for Agricultural Land

    KURUSHIMA Kei, INOUE Makoto

    Forest Economy   73 ( 9 ) 2 - 16  2020.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author

  • Farmer influence on shade tree diversity in rustic plots of Coffea canephora in Panama coffee-agroforestry

    Natsuho Fujisawa, David W. Roubik, Makoto Inoue

    Agroforestry Systems   94 ( 6 ) 2301 - 2315  2020.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author

    DOI

  • Building institutional resilience in the context of climate change in Aurora, Philippines

    Liezl B. Grefalda, Juan M. Pulhina, Maricel A. Tapia, Danesto B. Anacio, Catherine C. De Luna, Lorena L. Sabino, Josephine E. Garcia, Aileen S. Peria, Rose Jane, J. Peras, Dixon T. Gevaña, Makoto Inoue

    Environmental Research   186   online  2020  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Poverty distribution of different types of forest-related communities: Case study in Wan Abdul Rachman Forest Park and mangrove forest in Sidodadi Village, Lampung Province, Indonesia

    Rommy Qurniati, Arief Darmawan, Rizki Bahagia Utama, Makoto Inoue

    BIODIVERSITAS   20,11   3153-3163  2019  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Landscape Fragmentation, Ecosystem Services and Local Knowledge in the Baroro River Watershed, Northern Philippines.

    Mark Anthony, M. Ramirez, Juan M. Pulhin, Josephine E. Garcia, Maricel A. Tapia, Florencia B. Pulhin, Rex Victor, O. Cruz, Catherine C. De Luna, Makoto Inoue

    Resources   8, 164   on-line  2019  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Current Social Problems in Japan and Its Implication for the Studies of the Commons

    Makoto Inoue

    The Commons Digest   21   17-19  2019

  • The Importance of Social Learning for the Development of Community Based Forest Management in Indonesia: The Case of Community Forestry in Lampung Province

    Christine Wulandari, Makoto Inoue

    Small-scale Forestry   17, 3   1 - 16  2018.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Community-based forest management is unlikely to be sustainable without a process of social learning between the internal and external actors. This situation is evident in West Lampung District in Lampung Province, Indonesia. This research assessed the processes and outcomes of social learning within three villages (i.e. Villages A, B and C) in West Lampung District that were engaged in a community forestry (CF) program. The data was gathered through questionnaire and interview which then analyzed with Likert Scale. The CF program outcomes were different in each village. Village A had the highest scores for facilitation, egalitarian atmosphere, repeated meetings, and diverse participation. This has resulted in a high level of community involvement in the CF program. In particular, the high level of facilitation by external actors such as training programs, and marketing information and funding has resulted in the community having a good knowledge of CF and the associated socioeconomic development programs available to them. Village B has highest score for multiple sources of knowledge variable. Due to the existing egalitarian atmosphere, each stakeholder in Village A can openly express their opinion without any hesitation, particularly between men and women. Meanwhile, the other sub variables of existing egalitarian atmosphere were scored the same for Village A, B, and C, such as the balances between old and young people as well as rich and poor people. In general, the implemented social learning has a greater positive effect on the livelihoods of CF group members in Village A compared to Villages B and C.

    DOI

  • Fuel wood trees in marginal small holder tea plantations in Sri Lanka: Stakeholder's perception

    I. R. Palihakkara, Makoto Inoue

    Procedia Engineering   212   1211 - 1216  2018  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    New intervention that demands farmer's adaptation of new approach to land use, requires understand their perception of the status quo and the potential of the new approach. This is particular important in the case of marginal tea small holders because of their already exposure to vulnerabilities which may make them less comfortable to take risks. Research has shown that farmer's perception commonly reflects the reality. Once the farmers have to adopt sustainable agricultural practices, they first need to believe that the practices are important, provide a safe rural environment, and will bring in stable and long term income by facing natural climatic and environmental problems. Understanding farmer's perception is vital in enhancing policy formulation towards addressing problems faced by farmers. This study departs by broadly considering physical, institutional and intervention issues as a measure of threat and opportunity for sustainability of farming in marginal tea farm land. A total of 25 key stakeholders from marginal tea growing areas in Matara district were interviewed. Ten of the interviewees were government staffs (TSHDA) while the rest fifteen were small tea farm holders. A total of 26 pre tested statements ranked from-5 (extremely disagree) to + 5 (extremely agree) were prepared for the interview. The questions categorized as: important biophysical constrains for their farming, choice of external organizations, incentives for fuel wood plantation establishment, problems for continuing tea farming and satisfaction with the existing property rights. The results of the study shows that soil erosion and heavy winds are vital physical factors for the farmers. Low productivity, high cost of land management, labour intensity and labour scarcity are key disadvantages of tea farming. While considering environmental protection, good market demand, comparatively less labour requirement is found to be important advantages of fuel wood planting in marginal tea plantations. The stakeholders also found to prefer government involvement over other actions to plant fuel wood trees within their marginal tea plantations. Stakeholders suggest that planting fuel-wood minimize the risk of depending on one crop as well as avoiding risks and uncertainty of environmental factors affecting tea farming. They strongly recommend that it is good to plant timber and fuel wood trees inside their plantation. Therefore stakeholders suggest, in future government intervention for popularizing of planting timber/ fuel wood trees inside as well as along the boundaries of marginal tea plantations would have been increased. Introduction of new policy and regulations are necessary in the future on planting, harvesting and transporting of timber /fuel wood with a aim of increase the farmers income as well as safeguard the sustainability of Marginal small tea farming in Sri Lanka.

    DOI

  • How do swiddeners organize small groups and react to exogenous development? A case study of the Bahau in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Naoko Takata, Makoto Inoue

    TROPICS   26, 3 ( 3 ) 83-97 - 97  2017.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>Although it is said that societies in Southeast Asian countries are loosely structured, every area has its own attributes. In such vastly differing societies, the mode of organizing themselves differs between ethnic groups, as well as geographic location. The objective of this study is to understand how local people respond to exogenous development by focusing on their mode of organizing themselves, through dyadic relationships or individual ties between peoples, groups, and development organizations. One of the Dayak ethnic groups, which can be found in the central region of Borneo, the Bahau, make swiddens along rivers. They call a complex of these swiddens "daleh". The Bahau people organize a reciprocal labor exchange known as pela'do with the people who have swiddens in the same daleh, but recently their method of organizing pela'do has undergone changes. The people have adapted themselves to the introduction of tight development organizations (farming groups), in such a way as to allow for coexistence with customary loose organizations (pela'do).</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Vulnerability of Community-Based Forest Management to Climate Variability and Extremes: Emerging Insights on the Contribution of REDD

    Rose Jane J. Peras, Juan M. Pulhin, Makoto Inoue

    SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY   16 ( 2 ) 249 - 274  2017.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Climate change spurs havoc on social-ecological system. People and places vulnerable to climate change have been the focus of many discussions. However, in the forestry sector, limited studies have been conducted that link human vulnerability to recent initiatives, such as reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation or REDD+, especially in highly vulnerable countries. Using case studies from the Philippines, this paper focuses on the vulnerability of two community-based forest management (CBFM) organizations, with and without REDD+ readiness intervention, to show the impacts of climate variability and extremes. Two balance-weighted approaches, the livelihood vulnerability index and the IPCC-framework, were used in the vulnerability assessments. Results revealed high vulnerability of both CBFM organizations, although Malitbog Upland Developers for Sustainable Association (MUDSA) livelihood vulnerability is largely aggravated by its exposure to disaster, climate variability and extremes, accessibility to health facilities and water supply. The long history of CBFM implementation in both organizations have minimal contribution in enhancing the adaptive capacity of members to cope with and adapt to climate change impacts. REDD+ (readiness), does not insure reduced vulnerability to climate change, unless sustainable livelihood is achieved. As the State controls forest resources, the rights of CBFM-organizations to commercially benefit from these resources are limited, a disincentive to the development of new and viable development programs in CBFM areas, such as REDD+. This also constrains the achievement of climate resiliency.

    DOI

  • Social Capital in Mangrove Management: A Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia.

    Rommy Qurniati, Wahyu Hidayat, Hari Kaskoyo, Firdasari, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Forest and Environmental Science   33, 1   8-21  2017.02  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • REDD+: Global multilevel forest governance for building a climate resilient society

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society: Challenges and Opportunities     231 - 249  2017.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is a recent global response to the challenges posed by emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. Global interest in REDD+ is growing and warrants a comprehensive review of what REDD+ is, how it is implemented and what key issues need to be considered to steer REDD+ towards a climate resilient socio-ecological system. This chapter indicates that REDD+ can be understood as global multilevel forest governance that links different actors at different scales, from the local to the global (glocal). REDD+ has evolved from the narrowly scoped reducing emissions from deforestation (RED) to the current REDD+ that has considered not only deforestation but also forest degradation, sustainable forest management, and social and biodiversity safeguards through repeated engagement and negotiation among glocal actors since the 2005 Cancun IPCC meeting. Currently, a total of seven kinds of actor, ranging from multilateral financial institutions to national governments and indigenous people, are identified as playing an important role in the negotiation and/or design and/or implementation of REDD+. The authors identify five salient issues that need to be addressed to achieve a resilient socio-ecological system. These are: lack of a strong global institution
    biodiversity concerns
    lack of competitiveness
    lack of tenure clarity
    and prospects for distributive and procedural justice.

    DOI

  • Introduction

    K. N. Ninan, Makoto Inoue

    Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society: Challenges and Opportunities     1 - 23  2017.01  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Identifying salient forest SES attributes for sustainability: A multi-country study

    Abrar Juhar Monammed, Makoto Inoue

    LAND USE POLICY   60   197 - 205  2017.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The question of under what settings locally managed forests will lead to successful conservation without frustrating the local people's subsistence outcomes remains contested. This research investigates the relationship between attributes of locally managed forest SES and its forest and livelihood outcomes using data from 83 forest SESs across seven countries. The data were obtained from the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) database. Thirteen predicators that were selected from the attributes of forest, user group and governance of the local forest SES were used to evaluate their influence on SES sustainability. Our results showed that sustainable forest SES was significantly associated with forest size, diversity of the NTFP that is extracted from the forest, networks among the forest users, rule making by external non-forest harvest organizations in dispute resolution, and benefits sharing. On the other hand, the distance of forest users' settlements in the forest, rule making for forest protection and harvest quantity as well as sanctions by external non-forest harvest organizations were found to be significantly associated with unsustainable forest SESs. Our findings have important implications for the ongoing discourse on how to promote sustainable forest management at local level. The results on the success factors can assist decision makers to improve the chances for the success of forest governance that rely on local people who depend upon forests. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Forest management strategies and adaptation to climate change: Experiences from South Asia.

    Mangala De Zoysa, Makoto Inoue

    Climate Change   3, 9   38-64  2017.01  [Refereed]

  • Impact of community forest program in protection forest on livelihood outcomes: A case study of Lampung Province, Indonesia

    Hari Kaskoyo, AbrarJuhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY   36 ( 3 ) 250 - 263  2017  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The global to local-level importance of Indonesian forests for the environment and development is now very well documented. However, how to govern these forests to achieve the diverse and, at times, conflicting interests is still an open question. Hutan Kemasyarakatan (HKm) is a community forest (CF) that is being implemented to contribute to local development while creating sufficient incentives for conserving the forest. Previous studies have demonstrated the potential of HKm to conserve forests. This study analyzed the changes in the five major types of capital for HKm farmers. The results indicated HKm to have contributed positively to the improvement of natural, physical, and human capital. In addition to its direct impact, HKm was also found to improve the financial capital of the farmers by avoiding patron-client relationships and side payments between the pre-HKm illegal encroacher farmers (now legal land cultivators) and government officers. Although the results support the possibility of HKm producing a win-win situation between forest conservation and rural development, its future applicability, especially with consideration of population growth and associated increase in demand for cultivation land, needs to be given due emphasis.

    DOI

  • The Sustainable Livelihood Challenge of REDD+ Implementation in the Philippines.

    Rose Jane Peras, Juan Pulhin, Makoto Inoue, Abrar Jurar Mohammed, Kazuhiro Harada, Masatoshi Sasaoka

    Environment and Natural Resources Research   6, 3   91-105  2016.09  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Community Use Zone (CUZ) Model and Its Outcome in Malaysia: Case Study from Crocker Range Park, Sabah.

    Peter Voo, Abrar J. Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Management and Sustainability   6, 3   25-33  2016.08  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Transformation Strategy for Managing Coupled Socio-Ecological Systems: Case Studies from Bangladesh and the Philippines

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue, Rose Jane Peras, Tapan Kumar Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Juan M. Pulhin

    SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY   15 ( 2 ) 213 - 227  2016.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study demonstrates the potential of transformation strategy (an approach that emphasizes strengthening interdependence among social and ecological systems) to rehabilitate degraded land by examining two cases in Bangladesh and one in the Philippines. The study considers the benefits obtained from forests and forest-related activities in the form of income and energy sources as key parameters to link the social system (local people) with the ecological system (forest). Qualitative and quantitative analysis of data on land use and socio-economic changes indicates that the transformation strategy improved both the wellbeing of local people and forest cover. In the case of the Philippines, social and ecological linkages were found to be strong, with local people rehabilitating the degraded land while also obtaining a high proportion of their total income from the activity. For the two Bangladesh cases, however, the level of dependency on the forest for livelihood declined as local people used their income from the forest and forest-related activities for diversification to non-forest activities.

    DOI

  • Climate Change and Community Forestry in Sri Lanka: Policy Adoption, Popular Participation, Climate Adaptation and Rural Development.

    Mangala De Zoysa, Makoto Inoue

    International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Plantation   2   240-151  2016.02  [Refereed]

  • Analysis of National Forest Programs for REDD plus Implementation in six South and Southeast Asia countries

    Abrar J. Mohammed, Makoto Inoue, Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Tapan K. Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Mangala De-Zoysa, Hari Kaskoyo, Juan M. Pulhin, Rose J. Peras

    FOREST SYSTEMS   25 ( 2 ) online  2016  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Aim of study: To facilitate REDD+ implementation and identify relevant attributes for robust REDD+ policies, this study evaluated and synthesized information from national forest programs in South and Southeast Asian countries.
    Area of study: Data was collected from six countries: Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Philippines, India and Thailand.
    Methods: The data sources for the evaluation was an in-depth desk review of relevant documents and focus group discussion among experts from each study country.
    Main results: We found out that diverse factors may influence program feasibility and the ability to achieve 'triple benefits': the nature of the forest targeted by the policy, the characteristics of the population affected by the policy, attributes of the policy instrument and the different actors involved.
    Research highlights: We argue that national policies and programs targeted for REDD+ implementation should focus on the identified features to achieve REDD+ goals.

    DOI

  • Understanding REDD+ with Actor-Centered Powe approach: A review

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Biodiversity Management & Forestry   5, 1   1-8  2016  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Farmers’ Woodlots Management and Sustainable Livelihood Development: A Case Study in Southern Sri Lanka

    Mangala De Zoysa, Makoto Inoue

    Environment and Ecology Research   4, 2   85-95  2016  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Prospect of Fuelwood Plantations for Marginal Small Tea Farmers: A Case Study in Matara and Badulla Districts, Sri Lanka

    Indika Rohan Plaihakkara, Abrar J. Mohammed, Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Makoto Inoue

    Natural Resources   6   566-576  2015.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Historical change in the traditional use of forests and its association with belief in tiger spirits in the Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia: The impact of war and wildlife trade on the relationship between humans and tigers.

    Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Makoto Inoue, Motomu Tanaka

    TROPICS   24, 3   119-138  2015.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • 台湾「コミュニティづくり」団体の公的支援への対応:台湾中部農村の団体運営事例から.

    前野清太朗, 田中求, 井上真

    村落社会研究ジャーナル   22, 1 ( 1 ) 1-12 - 12  2015.10  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Analysing the land uses of forest-dwelling indigenous people in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh

    Abu Saleh Md. Golam Kibria, Makoto Inoue, Tapan Kumar Nath

    AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS   89 ( 4 ) 663 - 676  2015.08  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Unsustainable land use systems in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) have damaged the environment and enhanced vulnerability of indigenous people. Promoting improved land use in degraded and abandoned shifting cultivation areas has been widely suggested for better livelihoods and environmental conservation. This article analysed four major land uses, agroforestry, fruit orchards, shifting cultivation and village common forest (VCF), in the CHT by correlating them with local perceptions. Traditionally, the indigenous people of the CHT are dependent on shifting cultivation and VCF for their livelihood. Agroforestry and orchards are newly introduced land uses in the CHT area. This analysis is performed by using the Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat (SWOT) approach in combination with the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The introduction of agroforestry and fruit orchards influenced marginalised indigenous people to reduce the shifting cultivation area. However, potential weaknesses and threats were associated with shifting cultivation, agroforestry and fruit orchards. Except for shifting cultivation, the positive factors of other land uses outweighed the negative ones. The AHP results indicate that while adopting a land use, the respondents prioritised economic benefits (75 % preference) over social (17 %) and environmental aspects (8 %). Considering these three factors, people ranked four land uses in the order of orchards &gt; agroforestry &gt; VCF &gt; shifting cultivation. This suggests that future land use planning in the CHT cannot secure sustainability by mere trade-offs among the three sustainability factors (social, economic, environmental). Instead, if the activities for achieving social and environmental benefits of a project can be employed to create benefits in terms of income or savings (money/effort/time), they will be well accepted by the marginalised rural communities.

    DOI

  • Out-migrants and Local Institutions: Case Study of a Depopulated Mountain Village in Japan

    Mika Okubo, Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Asian Culture and History   8, 1   Online first  2015.07  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Contribution of Homestead Forests to Rural Economy and Climate Change Mitigation: A Study from the Ecologically Critical Area of Cox's Bazar-Teknaf Peninsula, Bangladesh

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Nasim Aziz, Makoto Inoue

    SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY   14 ( 1 ) 1 - 18  2015.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Homestead forests in the Teknaf Peninsula ecologically critical area of Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh have not been widely studied. This paper explores floristic diversity of homestead forests together with their contribution to the household economy and climate change mitigation. Data were collected from a survey of 140 households and a vegetation survey of 70 homesteads in three sites. Villagers allocated 70 % of their homestead area for homestead forestry and altogether 73 plant species were recorded from the study sites. The average density was 4,000 plants/ha. The above-ground biomass was estimated 235.45 Mg/ha, equivalent to 117.73 Mg C/ha. Villagers maintain sustainability of homestead forests by planting seedlings every year and thus ensure several diameter and height classes. Homestead forests contribute substantially to household income, provide fuelwood and timber for own consumption and sale, and protect villagers during cyclones. Homestead forests thus meet the conditions to be a clean development mechanism forestry project which would provide a win-win strategy for involving small-scale farmers in climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives, and biodiversity conservation.

    DOI

  • Current Livelihood Condition of and Futurity of Tea Farming for Marginal Small Tea Farm Holders (MSTH) of Sri Lanka: Case Study From Badulla and Matara District.

    Indika R. Palihakkara, Abrar J. Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Environment and Natural Resources Research   5, 1   11-21  2015.01  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Local stakeholders' assessment of community-based forest management and the implications for REDD Plus implementation in the Philippines

    Rose Jane J. Peras, Juan M. Pulhin, Makoto Inoue

    ASIA LIFE SCIENCES   24 ( 1 ) 349 - 381  2015.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The Philippines is one of the pioneers to adopt participatory approach in forest management, as embodied in. its national strategy for sustainable forest management and social justice in the uplands, called Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM). The program's almost three decades of implementation saw positive impacts on the livelihood assets of local communities. CBFM has evolved to tackle global concerns as well, such as climate change and biodiversity conservation. Meanwhile, international climate change negotiations have drawn a means to provide financial incentives to reduce deforestation and forest degradation through Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in developing countries (REDD Plus). This mechanism hopes to bring "triple benefits", namely: emission reduction, biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation. Given their parallel goals, CBFM sites are promising candidates for implementing REDD Plus, and the latter is expected to have important implications on the process and potential outcomes of CBFM. This paper looks into the local stakeholders' assessment of the impacts of CBFM on the livelihood assets of local communities and the potentials of REDD Plus implementation in the future. The literature is replete with examples emphasizing the importance of local stakeholder's participation in REDD Plus, yet their perception particularly on the added value it gives remained unclear. Results of the study revealed that CBFM implementation contributed largely to building the capital assets of people organization (PO) members, especially the human, social, natural and physical capitals. Full positive effects have yet to be realized though for the financial capital. PO members and the local institutions (DENR, LGU, NGO) expressed optimism, though with varied levels, on REDD Plus further enhancing the above capital assets. This optimism, however, does not translate to confidence in achieving the triple-benefits, as risks are also perceived by PO members posed by the likely creation of forest enclosures that could limit areas for livelihood activities. If realized, improved economic conditions could also encourage in-migration that would increase pressure to the forests. Caution should therefore be exercised in implementing REDD Plus to ensure that the intended goals are achieved in the context of views and aspirations of local stakeholders.

  • 黒子の環境社会学:地域実践,国家政策,国際条約をつなぐ

    井上真

    環境社会学研究   20   17-36 - 36  2014.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The objective of this paper is to consider the effectiveness of environmental sociology in terms of practical policymaking research that connects local praxes with national policies and international treaties. Firstly, "a pincer strategy toward the state" is suggested, in which a researcher with a foothold in the local livelihood arena, one of four different policy arenas, could have a certain impact on the nation. Secondly, the role of a researcher, able to make a contribution in different ways from an organizer's or a facilitator's, is proposed. Taking into account the above propositions, the paper focuses on the REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) global initiative to mitigate climate change as an example of policy research. A one-shot questionnaire survey based on long-term research, including participant observation, was conducted in order to discover people's preferences in terms of land-use and income sources at four villages in the West Kutai district of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The survey revealed that local people have strong preferences toward commercialized rubber plantations, traditional rubber gardens, and swidden agriculture, moderate preferences toward orchards and low preferences toward rattan gardens and oil palm plantations. By considering the underlying causes of such attitudes, the following policy implications emerged: it is important to design institutions from which people can expect to receive increased income, social conflicts such as those caused by land expropriation should be avoided, and the people should be able to satisfy their daily needs when the government introduces REDD+, or a brand-new international mechanism. Specifically, it is suggested that the national government should integrate the local people's right to collect non-wood forest products into any forestry business based on the concessions provided to enterprises in the forestland where the national government has authority. A further suggestion is the establishment of incentive mechanisms by connecting carbon enterprises with forest-like land use such as orchards, rattan gardens, and traditional rubber gardens on non-forestland over which the local government has authority. The role of the researcher to play an inconspicuous but vital role, who clarifies the policy implications of research to the relevant stakeholders involved in each policy arena, should be recognized positively in the field of environmental sociology.

    CiNii

  • Land Tenure Reform and Its Implication for the Forest.: Case Study from Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia.

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Forest and Environmental Science   30, 4   393-404  2014.11  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Climate Change Impacts, Agroforestry Adaptation and Policy Environment in Sri Lanka.

    Mangala De Zoysa, Makoto Inoue

    Open Journal of Forestry   4   439-456  2014.10  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Community Forestry in Nepal’s Terai Region: Local resource dependency and perception on institutional attributes.

    KC Birendra, Abrar J. Mohammod, Makoto Inoue

    Environment and Natural Resources Research   4, 4   142-154  2014.09  [Refereed]

  • Contributions of Company-Community Forestry Partnerships (PHBM) to the Livelihoods of Participants in Java, Indonesia: A Case Study in Madiun, East Java

    Yasuhiro Yokota, Kazuhiro Harada, Rohman, Nur Oktalina Silvi, Wiyono, Motomu Tanaka, Makoto Inoue

    JARQ-JAPAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH QUARTERLY   48 ( 3 ) 363 - 377  2014.07  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The State Forest Company of Indonesia launched its Company-Community Forestry Partnerships system on the island of Java in 2001 (PHBM system). We examined the PHBM's effects on the economic lives of participating villagers through a case study in Madiun, East Java. We specifically examined the potential and limits of the PHBM's contribution to villagers' livelihoods by quantitatively evaluating (i) the system's impact on household livelihoods and (ii) the continuity of its impact. Of households engaging in PHBM, 45.6% had more than half their arable land in the forest, and 10.0% of households had arable land only in the forest. The bulk of non-timber forest products, mostly fuel-wood, was collected in the forest. Among villagers earning an income, 12.2% earned more than half via the PHBM, which was the only source of cash income for 2.2% of the engaged villagers. For some households, PHBM has helped significantly improve their livelihoods. However, the benefits derived from the PHBM were tempered by problems of quality, quantity, and continuity. The benefit of the system could be increased by providing preferential opportunities (to access farmland in the forest and/or cash income) to small-scale or impoverished farmers by improving the usage of intercropping land under planted trees, and promoting small business as a group enterprise.

    DOI

  • A Modified Actor-Power-Accountability Framework (MAPAF) for analyzing decentralized forest governance: Case study from Ethiopia

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT   139   188 - 199  2014.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper posits a Modified Actor-Power-Accountability Framework (MAPAF) that makes three major improvements on the Actor-Power-Accountability Framework (APAF) developed by Agrawal and Ribot (1999). These improvements emphasize the nature of decentralized property rights, linking the outputs of decentralization with its outcomes and the inclusion of contextual factors. Applying MAPAF to analyze outputs and outcomes from two major decentralized forest policies in Ethiopia, i.e., delegation and devolution, has demonstrated the following strengths of the framework. First, by incorporating vital bundles of property rights into APAF, MAPAF creates a common ground for exploring and comparing the extent of democratization achieved by different decentralizing reforms. Second, the inclusion of social and environmental outcomes in MAPAF makes it possible to link the output of decentralization with local level outcomes. Finally, the addition of contextual factors enhances MAPAF's explanatory power by providing room for investigating exogenous factors other than democratization that contribute to the outcomes of decentralization reforms. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Forest Villagers in Northeastern Hill Forests of Bangladesh: Examining Their Livelihoods, Livelihood Strategies and Forest Conservation Linkages

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Makoto Inoue

    SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY   13 ( 2 ) 201 - 217  2014.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Even though many forest villagers have been living on forest department land and serving the department in the northeastern hill forests region of Bangladesh since the early 1950s, their livelihood has not yet been fully explored. This paper examines the livelihoods of forest villagers (Khasia ethnic people) and their contribution to forest conservation, using data from the Sylhet forest division. The forest villagers are well-endowed with all the elements of a sustainable livelihoods framework, though human capital in terms of education is not satisfactory. Strong social capital, stable natural capital and a productive market-oriented agroforestry system facilitate the generation of financial and physical capital that make the livelihoods of Khasia people sustainable. At the same time, their reciprocal contributions in terms of forest protection and plantation development support forest conservation. However, some institutional issues such as insecure land tenure with regular agreement renewal problems need to be resolved for the sake of their livelihoods and forest conservation. Lessons learned from the study can be utilized in formulating future participatory forest management schemes in the country.

    DOI

  • Is Recentralization Really Dominant? The Role of Frontline Foresters for Institutional Arrangement in the Philippines

    Ayumi Sugimoto, Juan M. Pulhin, Makoto Inoue

    SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY   13 ( 2 ) 183 - 200  2014.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Decentralized forest policy has been moderately successful in delivering resource-use rights to local people. At the same time, it is possible that decentralization leads to recentralization because governments never give their authority over forest resources. Recentralization studies have paid little attention to the potential of local dynamics to lead to institutional arrangements that affect forest outcomes. This paper uses a case study of Community-based Forest Management (CBFM) in the Philippines to explore how local realities lead to the development of effective institutions for forest management. In this case study, local informal regulations of forest resource use were created through the process of settling local conflicts among competing CBFM interests, including members and non-members of people's organizations, and frontline foresters who are working at local level. Frontline foresters played a role as coordinator of institutional arrangements that regulate local forest exploitation within the CBFM implementation process. The behavior of frontline foresters affected by their own personalities and existing social relations among residents, can deter recentralization in some ways. More attention is needed on the role of frontline foresters and non-members of people's organization as influential negotiators in state-society relations concerning forests.

    DOI

  • Implication for Designing a REDD+ Program in a Frontier of Oil Palm Plantation Development: Evidence in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Daisuke Terauchi, Ndan Imang, Martinus Nanang, Masayuki Kawai, Mustofa Agung, Sardjono, Fadjar Pambudhi, Makoto Inoue

    Open Journal of Forestry   4, 3   259-277  2014.04  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Linking outputs and outcomes from devolved forest governance using a Modified Actor-Power-Accountability Framework (MAPAF): Case study from Chilimo forest, Ethiopia

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    FOREST POLICY AND ECONOMICS   39   21 - 31  2014.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Recent changes in the policy and institutional framework for forestry of Ethiopia emphasize the decentralization of power including through devolution. With the aim of filling the gap in the literature on Ethiopia, this study explored the actors involved, the nature of power they hold, the accountability relationships among actors and the social and environmental outcomes of the devolved governance system using a Modified Actor-Power-Accountability Framework (MAPAF). The results indicated that discretionary decision-making space is created for the local population and the leaders of Forest Cooperatives to manage and protect the forest and use it for subsistence purposes. To generate income from their withdrawal rights, however, local actors require approval from a mid-level actor, the Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise. Devolution has improved physical and human conditions and the benefits from natural capital, which were identified as salient for the local population as a means of coping with their vulnerabilities and for income generation. The environmental outcome differed depending on the policy followed by the mid-level partner organizations that make decisions with the local population on income-generating activities from the sale of forest resources. Overall, elite capture and the recent emphasis on income generation over forest conservation were identified as key factors hampering positive social and environmental outcomes from the devolved governance system. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Effects of participatory forest management on livelihood capitals of the community in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh

    Abu Saleh Md Golam Kibria, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Inoue Makoto

    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH   19 ( 1 ) 42 - 51  2014.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, we surveyed 80 households to observe the effects of participatory forestry (PF) on the livelihood of local participants. We analyzed the effects on livelihood capitals to compare in two ways: (1) before and after participation, and (2) participants and non-participants. In Cox's Bazar, there were some significant changes regarding income sources, but annual income was little changed after participation in participatory forestry. Literacy (about 10 % after participation) and mobile phone ownership (75 %) were significantly higher than before. Housing conditions were better (brick walls: 7.5 %; sun-grass roof: 70 %) than those of non-participants (brick walls: 0 %; sun-grass roof: 77.5 %). PF ensured legal rights on forest lands for participants, while non-participants were illegally living on public forestland. However, expenses were considerably higher than income; people were still struggling with poverty and many of them suffered from malnutrition. This ultimately put pressure on all capital. People had redistributed their available capital to cope with adversity, and there was a trend toward involvement in economic activities other than forests. Our study found that social capital was more influenced by PF more than other capitals. Due to the involvement with the PF program, people were feeling much more secure, women had elevated status, and social relationships became stronger.

    DOI

  • Present State of Community Forestry (Hutan Kemasyarakatan/HKm) Program in a Protection Forest and Its Challenges: Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia

    Hari Kaskoyo, Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Forest Science   30, 1   15-29  2014.02  [Refereed]

  • A Property-Rights Approach to Understanding Regulations and Practices in Community-Based Forest Management: Comparison of Three Systems in the Philippines

    Ei Ei Swe Hlaing, Makoto Inoue, Juan M. Pulhin

    SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY   12 ( 4 ) 579 - 596  2013.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Decentralizing property rights from state control to user communities has encouraged people's participation in forest management. Relatively few studies, however, examine the forest regulations required for exercising such property rights. To address this issue, Schlager and Ostrom's 'bundle of rights' framework was used to examine various forms of property rights and regulations in three systems of community-based forest management. The field research was undertaken in the northern Philippines, using eight cases of community-based forest management at sites in the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Ifugao. Local communities were found to informally retain the authority to create locally crafted property rights and regulations in a central government-initiated program. While forest regulations and practices prescribed at the national level have improved forest conditions, the flow of forest benefits to communities has been limited because of decentralization without devolution of authority. A case study of a site initiated by a local government indicated that the transfer of responsibility from the central government to local government units can create more favourable conditions for the flow of forest benefits to communities. But due to a lack of clarity about devolution of cutting permits and about the locations of afforested critical watershed areas, authorized local users lose their authorization. When forest is managed traditionally, communities can have more assured rights than in government-initiated programs, particularly in relation to tree ownership. This is because individuals have the authority to devise collective-choice rights as well as operational rights.

    DOI

  • Valuing forest ecosystem services: Case study of a forest reserve in Japan

    K. N. Ninan, Makoto Inoue

    ECOSYSTEM SERVICES   5   E78 - E87  2013.09  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Forests ecosystems provide several intangible benefits which policy makers ignore since these values do not register in conventional markets or are difficult to measure. Drawing on results of a case study of a forest reserve in japan, this paper suggests that the annual value of the ecosystem services provided by forests is not only worth millions of dollars, but also in per hectare terms much more than hitherto known. This value for the Oku Aizu forest reserve ranged US$ 1.427-1.482 billion or about US$ 17,01617671 per ha. If these are accounted for, then governments and societies faced with the development versus conservation dilemma can make more informed decisions and policies that will help conserve forests and the ecosystem services they provide, and thereby promote human well-being and sustainable development. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Small-Scale Rubber Planting for Enhancement of People's Livelihoods: A Comparative Study in Three South Asian Countries

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Makoto Inoue, Mangala De Zoysa

    SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES   26 ( 9 ) 1066 - 1081  2013.09  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    South Asian upland cultivators are transitioning from subsistence production to commercial production using mainly small-scale rubber cultivation, which helps this transition and reduces poverty. This study, conducted October 2007 through February 2009, examines how small-scale rubber planting enhances people's livelihoods. Data were gathered from Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka. We found differences in rubber tree stock, growth, management, and livelihood impact. Plantations in India and Sri Lanka were doing well, while Bangladesh tree stock was low. Strong institutional support, proper silvicultural practices, funding for plantation maintenance, and participant awareness of benefits contributed to satisfactory plantation conditions in India and Sri Lanka, where participants realized good earnings from tapping, while Bangladeshi participants earned little. Because monoculture rubber plantations present risks, participants should practice mixed cropping. Rubber agroforestry can be the best alternative to monoculture rubber plantations because it reconciles economic and sustainable uses of natural resources, and biodiversity conservation.

    DOI

  • 日本の山村の内発的発展とコモンズ

    奥田裕規, 井上真

    森林応用研究   22, 2 ( 2 ) 1-11 - 11  2013.08  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Mountain villages suffer from the depression of industries such as agriculture and forestry industries, the lack of public facilities for daily living, and the fragility of social organization. For the depression of industries such as agriculture and forestry industries and the lack of public facilities for daily living, various measures were taken. However, for the fragility of social organization, particular measures were not taken. As a result, many local societies are on the verge of collapse. To revitalize these societies, it is necessary to promote the society change which forms new identities in these societies. And "endogenous development" plays an important role to promote this society change. "Endogenous development" exists on a network of local inhabitants, and this network is tied up in "thought (bonds) " that is going to protect a local inhabitants common "important thing". The stronger such "thought" to protect an "important thing" becomes, the more vibrant will be the activities to protect an "important thing". And the more vibrant such activities to protect an "important thing" becomes, the more "local resources (the commons) " will be required.

    CiNii

  • Facing the Challenge of Social Forestry in Japan: The Case of Reviving Harmonious Coexistence Between Forest and People in Okayama Prefecture

    Maki Hasegawa, Juan M. Pulhin, Makoto Inoue

    SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY   12 ( 2 ) 257 - 275  2013.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Social forestry as a development strategy has evolved since the 1970s, especially in the tropics, to address forest degradation and promote local community development amidst the burgeoning population in these areas. As a practice, however, social forestry has been in place since ancient times in many parts of the world, including Japanese forest communities. Forest-people relationships in Japan drastically changed through massive afforestation programs after the energy source change and with the industrialization of the forest sector in 1950s. The majority of the planted forests are underutilized today and forest communities are marginalized due to the decline of forestry operations, depopulation, and changes in people's values. Some communities address this concern by inviting potential urban migrants who may be interested in settling in rural areas. Using the case of the Nishiawakura Village in Okayama Prefecture, this paper explores the recent challenges confronting social forestry in Japan. It is found that underutilization of forest resources can be a cause of serious environmental degradation and marginalization of forest communities, and that Nishiawakura's journey to renew forest management in partnership with migrants is a process of revisiting and creating the forest-people relationship. This study advances two related arguments, namely (1) the interaction of the local people and the migrants brings new perspectives to forest management, and (2) in a community facing depopulation and underutilization of forest resources, social forestry can be an effective approach to rediscover traditional forest management in a new form and revitalize forests and local communities.

    DOI

  • Collective Forest Management System in Japan: a Case Study in Osawa Property Ward Forest

    Mangala Premakumara De Zoysa, Makoto Inoue, Utako Yamashita, Okuda Hironori

    Journal of Forest Science   29,1   58-70  2013.02  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Factors affecting participation of user group members: comparative studies on two types of community forestry in the Dry Zone, Myanmar

    Ei Ei Swe Hlaing, Makoto Inoue

    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH   18 ( 1 ) 60 - 72  2013.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Drawing on the example of community forestry in Myanmar's Dry Zone area, this paper conceptualizes and empirically assesses key factors for obtaining the participation of user group members, with emphasis on the implementation stage. More specifically, the study clarifies the commonalities and differences in influential factors between two types of community forestry: agroforestry and natural forest types. Field data were collected by semi-structured interviews with 54 households in four selected user groups, by key informant interviews, by informal interviews, and by direct observations. Our analysis was conducted in accordance with a framework in which selected social/institutional, economic, and physical factors affect participation. The results show that social/institutional factors are the most influential factors in both types, while economic factors are directly related to participation of user groups in the agroforestry type alone. Results indicated that preconditions, such as selection of leaders, should be considered in accordance with the local context in which the people have a shared recognition of what confers legitimacy to leadership. We recommend collaboration of the Forest Department with user group members in providing information regarding the use and selling of forest products from agroforestry-type community forest, as well as frequent communication with user groups to provide incentives regarding property rights stability for future benefits to continue participation of user group members in managing the dry forest.

    DOI

  • Exploring decentralized forest management in Ethiopia using actor-power-accountability framework: Case study in West Shoa zone

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Environment, Development and Sustainability   15 ( 3 ) 807 - 825  2013  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Decentralized forest management is a pivotal approach in Ethiopia for balancing biodiversity conservation with demand for economic development, and for improving forest-dependent local peoples' livelihoods. With the aim of filling the literature gap on Ethiopia, this paper explores the dynamics of decentralization in the forestry sector using the actor-power-accountability framework. Generally, three forms of decentralization are practiced: deconcentration to government administrative branches, devolution of selected decision-making power to local people, and delegation to enterprises. Although transfer of meaningful discretionary power to local people or to downwardly accountable lower-tier governments is a precondition for achieving positive outcomes from decentralization, this prerequisite has been realized in none of the three forms decentralization. Overall, three important trends emerged from the latest decentralization reform, which was a switch from the conservation-oriented deconcentration form of decentralization to the income generation-oriented delegation form of decentralization. Those trends are as follows: monetary income generation for local people through enterprise, albeit with possible risk of being deprived of income and subsistence opportunities on which local people depend for their livelihoods
    moving decision-making power away from the grassroots
    and lack of incentive to manage natural forests, a major source of biodiversity. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

    DOI

  • Measurement and evaluation of livelihood assets in sustainable forest commons governance

    Haiyun Chena, Ting Zhu, Max Krotta, José F. Calvo, Shivakoti P. Ganesh, Inoue Makoto

    Land Use Policy   30 ( 1 ) 908 - 914  2013.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper uses case studies to measure and evaluate livelihood assets in the process of sustainable forest commons governance. The aims of the study are based on two key hypotheses: Community Based Co-Management (CBCM) has changed the livelihood assets of local community residents in the study area
    and the changes in livelihood assets are different between participators in CBCM and non-participators. The findings of the study show that the total value of livelihood assets was 0.56 in 2006 and increased to 0.71 in 2010, which supported hypothesis A and illustrated that livelihood assets indeed changed significantly from 2006 to 2010. Livelihood asset conditions are significantly different between participators and non-participators in CBCM projects (0.77 for participators and 0.51 for non-participators), and the findings, taken together, also supported hypothesis B. Physical capital does not show a remarkable increase, but application of energy-saving stoves, mash gas pools, and the use of alternative energy sources optimize the household energy structure and decrease the amount of firewood used. The change in natural capital demonstrates that the majority of local community residents, in their subjective consciousness, are willing to protect forest resources and biodiversity. In terms of human capital, the capacity building of local people shows significant improvement, but their health status and medical situation are associated with a series of problems that need to be resolved. In terms of financial capital, household income and expenditures both show significant improvement, and alternative and diverse livelihood approaches have appeared and been well developed. Social capital shows significant improvements in some aspects regarding the status of women and the relationship between the government and communities. Finally, we advocate incurring the lowest natural resource costs to obtain the greatest benefits in the process of sustainable livelihood development and forest common governance. © 2012.

    DOI

  • Forest-dependent communities' livelihood in decentralized forest governance policy epoch: case study from West Shoa zone, Ethiopia

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research   5 ( 1 ) 49 - 66  2013  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study analyzed the livelihoods of households located in and around forests in Ethiopia, and investigated the impacts of two major forest policies of the country, delegation and devolution. The results showed that forest-related livelihoods are an important mechanism to cope with drought and concomitant food shortages. The forest is also an important source of income, especially for the relatively resource-poor community and for the poor and very poor households in the community. The delegation policy has frustrated this role of the forest in local people's livelihoods while devolution yielded mixed results, with some forest-related benefits declining while others showed increase. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

    DOI

  • Valuing forest ecosystem services: What we know and what we don't

    K. N. Ninan, Makoto Inoue

    Ecological Economics   93   137 - 149  2013  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Ecosystem services valuation has achieved considerable prominence in research and policy circles in recent years. This paper reviews the studies that have tried to estimate the value of forest ecosystem services. Broadly, this study addresses the following questions: (1) What insights do these studies provide on the value of forest ecosystems? (2) What lessons do they offer from an economic and policy perspective? (3) What are the shortcomings of the existing studies, and what are the challenges and issues for future research? Evidence from a cross section of forest sites, countries and regions suggests that not only the total valuation of ecosystem services varies widely across studies but also the valuation of individual services. This variation suggests that policies to conserve ecosystems and their services should emphasise local contexts and values. This paper concludes by discussing the shortcomings of existing studies, and suggests that, among other things, future research should focus on the neglected ecosystem services, 'disservices', assess the role of dynamic factors and environmental catastrophes on the provision of ecosystem services, and assess the benefits of keeping forests intact versus converting them to alternative uses. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

    DOI

  • Implications of local peoples' preferences in terms of income source and land use for Indonesia's national REDD-plus policy: Evidence in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Makoto Inoue, Masayuki Kawai, Ndan Imang, Daisuke Terauchi, Fadjar Pambudhi, Mustofa Agung Sardjono

    International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development   12 ( 3 ) 244 - 263  2013  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article tries to reveal the field reality in East Kalimantan, especially the preferences of villagers in terms of income source and land use, to ascertain the implications for Indonesia's national REDD-plus policy or one of the emerging regimes under UNFCCC. In forest lands, the villagers have no expectations for labour opportunities involving logging and planting trees in concession areas. In non-forest lands, villagers want to continue practicing swidden agriculture, to expand traditional rubber gardens, and to develop commercialised rubber plantations. They also think that rattan gardens and orchards are important. In order to suppress competition over land used for coal mining and oil palm plantations, to ensure villagers' rights to resources, and to conserve natural resources, it is recommended that Indonesia introduce programmes to support, as REDD-plus activities, the sustainable management of remaining forest and forest-like land uses such as orchards, rattan gardens, and traditional rubber gardens. This study shows the importance of not confining one's perspective to the REDD-plus policy framework determined by the government, but rather evaluating it by checking actual conditions in the field to aid constructive discussion. Copyright © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    DOI

  • Evaluation of the Environmental Impacts Assessment (EIA) System in Lao PDR

    Sengdeuane Wayakone, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Environmental Protection   3, 12   1655-1670  2012.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Flexibility of coffee agroforestry with diversified shade tree composition: A case study in Panama

    Natsuho Fujisawa, Motomu Tanaka, Makoto Inoue

    TROPICS   21, 2 ( 2 ) 33-45 - 45  2012.08  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Simple Method for the Local Stakeholders to Evaluate and Select National REDD-plus Program: A Case Study of Indonesia

    Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Forest Science   28, 3   194-198  2012.08  [Refereed]

  • Management of Village Common Forests in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh: Historical Background and Current Issues in Terms of Sustainability.

    Mohammed Jashimuddin, Makoto Inoue

    Open Journal of Forestry   2, 3   118-134  2012.07  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Contribution of community forestry in the central fry zone of Myanmar to achieving sustainable and equitable forest management

    Hiromi YAMAUCHI, Makoto INOUE

    TROPICS   20 (4) ( 4 ) 104-113 - 113  2012.03  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 山村の内発的発展を実現させるコモンズの役割:岩手県遠野市の山村集落を事例に

    奥田裕規, 井上真

    関東森林研究   63, 2   17-20  2012  [Refereed]

  • Drawbacks of decentralized natural resource management: experience from Chilimo Participatory Forest Management project, Ethiopia

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Forest Research   17, 1   30-36  2012.01  [Refereed]

  • Explaining disparity in outcome from community-based natural resource management (CBNRM): a case study in Chilimo Forest, Ethiopia

    A. J. Mohammed, M. Inoue

    JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT   55 ( 9 ) 1248 - 1267  2012  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper examines the constraints on achieving positive social and environmental outcomes from community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) in Ethiopia, a rarely researched country. A comparative case study on successful and failed CBNRM in a pioneering and influential CBNRM project revealed the important determinant for disparity in outcome to be whether the existing collective decision-making arrangements on use rights and benefit-sharing support the members to whom those benefits are salient. Institutionalising CBNRM in government forest policy and improving the capacity to implement it are recommended to improve current conditions.

    DOI

  • Current banana distribution in the Peruvian Amazon basin, with attention to the notion of "Aquinquin" in Shipibo society

    Mariko Ohashi, Toshio Meguro, Motomu Tanaka, Makoto Inoue

    TROPICS   20, 1 ( 1 ) 25-40 - 40  2011.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The purpose of this article is to clarify the Shipibo&rsquo;s distribution of bananas, and to consider the current situation regarding the importance of &ldquo;aquinquin (sharing)&rdquo; in their society. The Shipibo people practice food distribution as a custom. While bananas are the major staple food that is eaten most frequently, most households do not supply their own needs. They acquire and exchange bananas in various ways: they get the fruit through requests, as gifts, in requital/exchange, and through purchase in the settlement, as well as through requests to harvest made by the &ldquo;have-nots&rdquo; or the gift of harvesting permission by the &ldquo;haves,&rdquo; both of which are made through face-to-face communication, as well as distribution without tacit permission or formal notification by field owners. While the Shipibo people consider &ldquo;sharing&rdquo; to be important and expect male villagers to produce bananas by themselves, banana distribution has been practiced in a circle that includes &ldquo;chiquish (lazy)&rdquo; people who do not have their own banana fields. However, &ldquo;lazy&rdquo; people were recently excluded from this circle because of their lack of &ldquo;shinna (care for others).&rdquo; The Shipibo people have continued banana distribution with a core notion of &ldquo;aquinquin,&rdquo; but it is not an essentialistic and stable custom, rather is the dynamic process of rearrangement for day-to-day as villagers sound out each other&rsquo;s acceptable situations in their daily life.

    DOI CiNii

  • How social is socially oriented forest tenure and land use change in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka?

    Kulbhushan Balooni, Makoto Inoue, Tapan Kumar Nath, Mangala De Zoysa

    ARI Working Paper (http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/publication_details.asp?pubtypeid=WP&pubid=2020)   166  2011.10  [Refereed]

  • The possibility and challenge of achieving sustainable rural finance by a credit union of the Dayak people: The case of the middle-upper Mahakam region in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Masayuki Kawai, Makoto Inoue

    TROPICS   19, 4   157-178  2011.09  [Refereed]

  • Resource Conservation and People Dynamics: A Review of Southeast Asian Tropical Forest Policy

    Mustofa Agung Sardjono, Inoue Makoto

    Ecositrop   1, 2   166-188  2011.07  [Refereed]

  • 祭りを通してみた他出者と出身村とのかかわりの変容:山梨県早川町茂倉集落の場合

    大久保実香, 田中求, 井上真

    村落社会研究ジャーナル   17, 2 ( 2 ) 6-17 - 17  2011.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Most of rural areas in Japan are suffering from depopulation. This study shows changes in the relationships between out-migrants and their origin village by focusing on traditional festivals, and discusses the capability of out-migrants to support their depopulated village. The analysis is based on the results from field work in Mogura village, Hayakawa town, Yamanashi prefecture, Japan.<br> In the Mogura village, there are festivals that are initiated by young men called &ldquo;Wakeisyu&rdquo;. Since 1960s, the out-migration of young men to town to attend their high school became common. However, although the families and the jobs of these young men are located in town, they have continued to visit their village and keep on contributions for their village in some way. Especially they participate in initiating festivals so that the festivals can survive even after there are no young men living in the village.<br> The factors that contributed for out-migrants to continuously participate were found to be: (1)they acquired the local knowledge and techniques in their childhood;(2)they keep their past neighborhood network;(3)they keep the rules of participation in the festivals flexible.

    DOI CiNii

  • Changes in cultural ecosystems of a swidden society caused by the introduction of rubber plantation

    Daisuke Terauchi, Makoto Inoue

    TROPICS   19, 2 ( 2 ) 67-83 - 83  2011.03  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • role of the diverse coffee forests in Panama

    Fujisawa Natsuho, Tanaka Motomu, Inoue Makoto

    The Japanese Forest Society Congress   123   C33 - C33  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • Indigenous practices and socio-economics of areca catechu l. and piper betel l. based innovative agroforestry in northern rural bangladesh

    T. K. Nath, M. Inoue, F. E. Pradhan, M. A. Kabir

    Forests Trees and Livelihoods   20 ( 2-3 ) 175 - 190  2011  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    An agroforestry system based on Areca catechu L. and Piper betel L. has been gradually developed by farmers of northern rural Bangladesh since the late 1980s. This paper explores the indigenous practices and the socio-economics of this agroforestry system, seen as a promising land use strategy in the region. Data were collected by interviewing household members and visiting their agroforestry plots as well as by focus group discussions in five villages of Panchagarh district. Results indicate that farmers allocated a portion of their farmland along with homesteads for Areca and betel-based agroforestry because they felt it was both sustainable and profitable. Sustainability was ensured by the presence of different Areca and betel leaf age gradations in the plantations and by buoyant product markets. Variation was observed among farmers regarding land allocation, tree density, income, and marketing of products. Though poor farmers had less land at their disposal, they allocated the same proportion of their land to agroforestry as did the largest land holders. Poor farmers' agroforestry plots had the highest Areca tree density and also derived the highest income per hectare. Net income per farmer was directly proportional to the amount of land allotted to agroforestry. © 2011 Taylor &amp
    Francis Group, LLC.

    DOI

  • 山村の内発的発展を実現させるコモンズの役割:山形県金山町における金山杉の地産地消と町並みづくり

    奥田裕規, 井上真

    関東森林研究   62   13-16  2011  [Refereed]

  • Conservation goals betrayed by the uses of wildlife benefits in community-based conservation: The case of Kimana sanctuary in Southern Kenya

    Toshio Meguro, Makoto Inoue

    Human Dimensions of Wildlife   16 ( 1 ) 30 - 44  2011.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Since the 1990s, many empirical studies of "community-based conservation" (CBC) have discussed the relationship of benefits from wildlife to local attitudes. In addition to that relationship, this article examines the use of benefits and the consistency of that use with wildlife conservation goals in a CBC project in Kenya. Kimana Sanctuary is a flagship CBC project in Kenya. In partnership with a tourism company, the community earned sufficient monetary benefit and realized hoped-for development. While CBC is an attempt to conserve wildlife over its entire habitat in partnership with local communities, it failed to attain the expected goal of the local conservation initiative. Wildlife benefits betrayed the assumption of CBC because involved parties overlooked the iscrepancy between the definitions of conservation by local people and outsiders, and the function of monetary benefits as a trigger for future change. The design of CBC projects should be based more on local subsistence. © Taylor &amp
    Francis Group, LLC.

    DOI

  • ラタン、ゴム、アブラヤシに対する焼畑民の選好:インドネシア・東カリマンタン州ベシ村を事例として

    寺内大左, 説田巧, 井上真

    日本森林学会誌   92, 5 ( 5 ) 247-254 - 254  2010.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Rattan, rubber and oil palm, are produced in the tropics, of which previous researches were focused on the aspects of ecology and economy. This article aims to clarify the preference of swiddenners to such products and to understand their emic livelihood strategy. As a result, it was clarified that villagers selected the rubber production as the source of cash income because of high 'returns to works', and sustained the rattan production because of high 'flexibility' in terms of daily use and so on. Villagers hesitated to introduce oil palm because of low 'flexibility' and 'autonomy' caused by oil palm company. On the other hand, villagers have expectation to high 'return to works'. Therefore villagers accepted the development of oil palm plantation in upper river area where villagers have not practiced swidden yet, but refused around the village areas where the lands are de facto owned by villagers. We can conclude that the people take the 'mosaic' livelihood strategy, where they try to combine the advantages and disadvantages of rattan and rubber production, and introduce oil palm plantation partially for avoiding the risks.

    DOI CiNii

  • 大規模アブラヤシ農園に代わる「緩やかな産業化」の可能性:東カリマンタン州マハカム川中上流域を事例として

    河合真之, 井上真

    林業経済   63, 7   1-17  2010.10  [Refereed]

  • Course or blessing? Local elites in Joint Forest Management in India's Shiwaliks.

    Kulbhushan Balooni, Jens Friis Lund, Chetan Kumar, Makoto Inoue

    International Journal of the Commons   4, 2   707-728  2010.08  [Refereed]

  • 新たなコモンズ(協治)の創造:政策立案者への提案

    井上真

    季刊・環境研究   157 ( 157 ) 99-107 - 107  2010.06  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • "The Commons" Play an Important Role in the "Endogenous Development" of a Mountain Village: A Local Production for Local Consumption and a Beautiful Townscape in Kaneyama -town, Yamagata Prefecture

    Hironori OKUDA, Makoto INOUE, Takaaki KOMAKI

    Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly (JARQ)   44, 3 ( 3 ) 311-318 - 318  2010.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Western-style monophyletically extrinsic economic development, that has been a model for Japan and South Korea, is leading to a deterioration of the global environment and depletion of resources. Nations and communities are being forced into a situation where they will have to pursue "independent, polyphyletic endogenous economic development". In Kaneyama-town, local production for local consumption of "Kaneyama-type houses" which are built with local resources (Kaneyama cedar) using local techniques (Kaneyama carpentry) is bringing about "endogenous development". The purpose of this report is to examine what is spurring this development. In order to understand residents' thoughts about "Kaneyama-type houses", we sent questionnaires to them. As a result, we learned that local residents who share the "common idea" of preserving and nurturing their beautiful townscape (the local commons), order "Kaneyama-type houses" from Kaneyama carpenters and "endogenous development" is achieved by Kaneyama carpenters linking home construction with local use of Kaneyama cedar materials produced at local sawmills.<BR>The key to sustainable "endogenous development", that is, whether or not this pursuit of "endogenous development" will continue, depends on whether or not the local residents will continue to share the "common idea" of preserving and nurturing their beautiful townscape (the local commons).

    DOI CiNii

  • ラオスにおける森林減少・劣化要因

    横田康裕, カンパイ マニボン, チャンサモン, フォンゴウドメ, 百村帝彦, 井上 真

    関東森林研究   61   5-8  2010.03  [Refereed]

  • Formation and Function of Social Capital for Forest Resource Management and the Improved Livelihoods of Indigenous People in Bangladesh

    Tapan Kmar Nath, Makoto Inoue, Jules Pretty

    Journal of Rural and Community Development   5, 3   104-122  2010  [Refereed]

  • Changes in Property Rights, Forest Use and Forest Dependency of Katu Communities in Nam Dong District, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam

    T. N. Thang, G. P. Shivakoti, M. Inoue

    INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY REVIEW   12 ( 4 ) 307 - 319  2010  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Sustainable participatory management and conservation requires an understanding of site-specific, rights structure, resource use and resource dependency patterns over time. This paper documents these issues by examining the resource use pattern overtime by the Katu people in Nam Doug district, Thua Thien Hue province, central Vietnam, before and after allocation of natural forest to the households of the community. Household interview, key informant and group discussions were used for data collection and crosscheck. Descriptive analysis and pair-sample T-test are main tools used to explore those parameters. We found a weak performance of property rights and differences in the De facto to the De jure rights of forest recipients. On contrary to the increased rights, forest use and forest dependency of local people have been reduced due to the degradation of resources, and availability of alternative opportunities from emerging agriculture and animal grazing options. Considering dynamic nature of resource dependency overtime, it is necessary to consider in the post-allocation programme which embrace the local context to have better forest protection and management as well as the satisfaction of local people on the forest resources they manage.

  • Impacts of Participatory Forestry on Livelihoods of Ethnic People: Experience from Bangladesh

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Makoto Inoue

    SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES   23 ( 11 ) 1093 - 1107  2010  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    As a strategy of social development, the Bangladeshi government has attached the highest priority to participatory forestry (PF) since the early 1980s. In this article, we examine the impacts of PF on livelihoods of ethnic people, drawing empirical data from three villages involved in two PF projects. The projects have varying impacts on livelihoods of participating villagers. Disparities in income and forest conditions in the study villages were traced to factors including forest production technologies (agroforestry), the top-down approach of project management, failure to create awareness about project benefits, and the inability of project staff members to organize planters. Findings also indicate that PF projects are not sufficient to conserve and develop forests without assuring people&apos;s basic needsfood security and regular income sources. Meeting the diversified needs of people necessitates a long-term integrated plan that focuses on sustainable management of land, water, and other resources with a coordinated approach.

    DOI

  • Importance of Boundaries in Customary Resource Management under Decentralized Policies: Case Study in Indigenous Kenyah Dayak, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    IMANG Ndan, INOUE Makoto, SARDJONO M.A

    Journal of Forest Economics   55, 3 ( 3 ) 35-43 - 43  2009.11  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The Kenyah people have been largely dependent on the collection of NTFPs and the practice of swidden agriculture. Therefore, they manage resources based on their customary rules to assure resource security. Decentralization policy in 1999 has granted the district government broader authority to create policies related to resource management that may either strengthen or undermine customary resource management (CRM). Field work was conducted in three Kenyah villages in 2006 to conduct interviews with 93 individuals. The objective of the study is to evaluate the importance of boundaries in CRM under decentralization policy. Results suggest that decentralization has increased boundary conflicts over resources among the Kenyah and also between the Kenyah and other Dayak groups. Boundaries are regarded as very important in resource management, and the Kenyah communities have adopted the strategies necessary to secure collective rights over resources by clarifying 'outer' boundaries. In urbanized Kenyah communities, CRM is not as rigorous due inevitably to factors such as individual claims over land and heterogeneity in ethnicity of landowners. To secure individual rights, most of the individual lands have been certified, which is regarded as clarification of 'inner' boundaries.

    CiNii

  • Sustainability attributes of a small-scale betel leaf agroforestry system: A case study in north-eastern hill forests of Bangladesh

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Makoto Inoue

    Small-scale Forestry   8 ( 3 ) 289 - 304  2009.09  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The Khasia ethnic community of Bangladesh has been a population of forest villagers in the north-eastern hill forests of Bangladesh since the early 1950s, practicing a betel leaf-based agroforestry system on land granted by the Forest Department. Taking a sample forest village of the Sylhet forest division as a case study, this article examines the sustainability attributes of betel leaf production in the agroforestry system. The presence of several positive attributes of sustainability including the composition of agroforestry, disease control, soil fertility management, profitability, socio-cultural acceptability and institutional support indicate that betel leaf production within the agroforestry system is stable under the prevailing traditional management system. Income from the sale of betel leaf is the principal livelihood means and villager's reciprocal contributions help to conserve forest resources. However, problems with land ownership and regular agreement renewal need to be resolved for the sake of their livelihoods and forest conservation. © 2009 Steve Harrison, John Herbohn.

    DOI

  • Forest-based settlement project and its impacts on community livelihood in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh

    T. K. Nath, M. Inoue

    INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY REVIEW   11 ( 3 ) 394 - 407  2009  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study used two contrasting sample villages (one relatively successful and the other relatively unsuccessful) as case Study sites to investigate the impacts of a forest-based settlement project on community livelihood. It was found that although since customary forestry practices (shifting cultivation) could not support participants&apos; livelihoods all year, joining the settlement project had improved their livelihoods. Many project participants have given Up Customary forestry practices completely and diversified their livelihood strategies. Due to budget allocation disparities, differences in raising awareness about project benefits, and inconsistencies in monitoring and motivation. project outcomes varied between the villages, Several factors were identified that underlay success or failure of the settlement project in achieving targeted project&apos;s objectives. A recommendation is made for effective participation by participants that would heighten the sense of ownership, enhance collective management, and ensure long-term project sustainability.

  • Effect of Instituting Authorized Neighborhood Associations on Communal (Iriai) Forest Ownership in Japan

    Utako Yamashita, Kulbhushan Balooni, Makoto Inoue

    SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES   22 ( 5 ) 464 - 473  2009  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In recent years, changes in traditional communal (Iriai) forest ownership have been taking place in rural Japan. One cause is the emergence of Authorized Neighborhood Associations introduced under the revised Local Autonomy Law, 1991. This study analyzes the effects of instituting multifunctional Authorized Neighborhood Associations on collectively owned forests in Japan. It examines the comparative institutional and policy characteristics of Authorized Neighborhood Associations and two other types of forest ownership, and presents findings based on case studies undertaken in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The study reveals that hamlets are establishing Authorized Neighborhood Associations to acquire formal collective ownership of Iriai forests, adapt to present socioeconomic realities, and reduce bureaucratic transaction costs. Authorized Neighborhood Associations are clearly emerging as an attractive alternative to other formal and informal grass-roots forestry institutions.

    DOI

  • Joint Forest Management in India: The Management Change Process

    Kulbhushan Balooni, Makoto Inoue

    IIMB Management Review   21, 1   1-17 - 17  2009  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • The effectiveness of decentralisation reforms in the Philippines's forestry sector

    Kulbhushan Balooni, Juan M. Pulhin, Makoto Inoue

    Geoforum   39   2122-2131 - 2131  2008.07  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • The upland settlement project of Bangladesh as a means of reducing land degradation and improving rural livelihoods

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Makoto Inoue

    Small-scale Forestry   7 ( 2 ) 163 - 182  2008.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Because of illegal logging, increased population pressure and intensified shifting cultivation, forest coverage of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) has decreased drastically resulting in land degradation. Many development projects have been implemented to combat forest loss and land degradation and also to improve the livelihoods of the hill people. This paper reports an empirical study of the Upland Settlement Project (USP) of Bangladesh which was undertaken to prevent land degradation and enhance the standard of living of the people. Planters were found to have given up shifting cultivation and adopted soil conserving agroforestry practices, and forest coverage has been increased in the project village. Interacting with project staff members, government officials and NGOs assisted planters in diversifying livelihood strategies thereby reducing dependency on project resources. Rich planters, utilizing their own capacity, expanded their income sources successfully. Poor planters still remain wage labourers because they do not have sufficient finance and networks to invest in productive ventures. Planters' participation in project activities and the information flow between them and project staff were found to be minimal. Suggestions are made for the continuity of project functions, which involve greater participation of planters in rubber management functions, improved information flow, resolution of land tenure and greater equality in distribution of rubber revenue. © 2008 Steve Harrison, John Herbohn.

    DOI

  • Tradition and the Influence of Monetary Economy in Swidden Agriculture among the Kenyah People of East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Ndan Imang, Makoto Inoue, Mustofa Agung Sardjono

    International Journal of Social Forestry   1, 1   61-82  2008.06  [Refereed]

  • Forest Governance and Community Based Forest Management in Sri Lanka: Past, Present and Future Perspectives

    Mangala de Zoysa, Makoto Inoue

    International Journal of Social Forestry   1, 1   27-49 - 49  2008.06  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Dynamics of Devolution Process in the Management of the Philippine Forests

    Juan M. Pulhin, Makoto Inoue

    International Journal of Social Forestry   1, 1   1-26  2008.06  [Refereed]

  • Why did the project fail to achieve its objectives in some villages? The experience of the Upland Settlement Project (USP) in Bangladesh

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Makoto Inoue

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND WORLD ECOLOGY   15 ( 2 ) 153 - 169  2008.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    By sampling an upland settlement project (USP) village, this study examined why the project failed to achieve the planned objectives in some villages, and what livelihood strategies villagers (planters) have adopted to sustain their livelihoods. The paper uses data obtained by qualitative and quantitative methods. The USP was formulated with the objectives of settling 50 landless and marginal tribal families in a project village and introducing agroforestry and rubber plantations for short- and long-term socioeconomic development of planters, in a participatory manner. There are now only 15 planters in the project village and, although agroforestry has progressed well, only 30 to 40% of poor quality rubber trees remain. Planter participation in project activities was limited to wage labour, indicating that the USP failed to adequately achieve all its proposed objectives. In the face of project failure, planters have adopted diversified strategies to maintain their livelihoods. Several shortcomings caused failure of the project, such as the inability of project staff members to organize planters, failure to create awareness among planters about project benefits, lack of regular project money disbursement, sociocultural ignorance, and lack of social capital among planters. Recommendations are made for securing effective participation of local people to assure successful and sustainable project outcomes. Lessons learned will be helpful in formulating future development programmes in this country and elsewhere.

  • Adaptation of hunting activities to environmental changes: a comparison between the Kenyah and the Punan in Malinau District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Imang, N, Inoue, M, Sardjono, M.A

    Socio-Humanities   3, 1   23-40  2008  [Refereed]

  • How does local governance affect project outcomes? Experience from a Participatory Forestry (PF) project in Bangladesh

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Makoto Inoue

    International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology   7 ( 6 ) 491 - 506  2008.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    By sampling two contrasting villages of the Upland Settlement Project (USP), a PF project of Bangladesh, this research examines: • the present conditions of the USP in terms of progress towards achieving targeted objectives • issues of local-level governance that affect attaining those objectives. Findings indicate that the project authority could not adequately attain project objectives because of low level of participation, lack of accountability and transparency in handling project money, gaps in communication and information flow and the poor response of project staff. For better project outcomes, governance situation need to be improved through the formation of social capital. Copyright © 2008 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    DOI

  • Forest Villages in Northeastern Hill Forests of Bangladesh: Linkages between Villager’s Livelihood and Forest Conservation.

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Inoue Makoto

    Marilyn M. Watkins (Ed.), World Poverty Issues, N.Y., NOVA Science Publishers, Inc.     37-67  2008  [Refereed]

  • Decentralized forest management in South and Southeast Asia

    Kulbhushan Balooni, Makoto Inoue

    JOURNAL OF FORESTRY   105 ( 8 ) 414 - 420  2007.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article reviews the process of decentralization in forest management in developing countries in South and Southeast Asia. Decentralized forest management (DFM) is an alternative to centralized or state-regulated forest management, which transfers the forest use and management rights to local communities. It is a process of gradual change in forest management, which started in the 1970s when social forestry programs involving people's participation were first attempted and expanded in the 1990s when DFM policies were enacted to recognize the traditional forest rights of local communities. DFM has no single definition, depending instead on the state's willingness to move away from the command and control approach toward forest management. There are some plus points, but these are still limited and the drawbacks of decentralization far outweigh the gains.

  • Three decades of community-based forest management in the Philippines: emerging lessons for sustainable and equitable forest management

    J. M. Pulhin, M. Inoue, T. Enters

    INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY REVIEW   9 ( 4 ) 865 - 883  2007.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper presents a comprehensive review of the policy and practice of community-based forest management (CBFM) in the Philippines over the last three decades - one of the longest experiences in Asia. As a form of structural policy reform, CBFM may be viewed as radical and progressive. It replaced the century-old corporate mode of forest utilization where benefits flowed directly to an elite minority and attempts to institutionalize a more "people-oriented;" approach of forest management. However, progress on the ground in terms of achieving the CBFM's goals on sustainable and equitable forest management remains elusive. Unstable policy, overly bureaucratic procedures, CBFM viewed as a project and not as an approach to replacing commercial large-scale forestry, and weak institutional support system, deter effective implementation. Drawing from three decades of experience, the paper distilled emerging lessons for sustainable and equitable forest management that may be useful to other countries promoting community forestry.

  • Declining Instituted Collective Management Practices and Forest Quality in the Central Himalayas

    Balooni, K, Ballabh, V, Inoue, M

    Economic and Political Weekly   42, 16   1443-1452  2007  [Refereed]

  • Private Woodlots on State Forestland in Bangladesh and India: A Critique.

    Balooni, K, Inoue, M

    B. Batavia, P. Nandakumar (Eds.) . Globalization: Capital Flows, Competition, and Regulation: Studies in Economic Transformation and Public Policy. Toronto, Canada: APF Press     246-259  2007  [Refereed]

  • The significance of social capital in local forest management in Laos: Overcoming latent conflict between local people and local forestry officials

    Kimihiko Hyakumura, Makoto Inoue

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND WORLD ECOLOGY   13 ( 1 ) 16 - 24  2006.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Forest policies that devolve forest-use rights to local people have undergone development over the past few years in Laos. As collaboration between local people and forestry officials is seen as indispensable to effective and sustainable local forest management, the objective of this study is to clarify the issues pertinent to the resolution of latent conflict between these two stakeholders. The issues are examined by presenting two case studies in terms of forest management as perceived by local people and forestry officials; the first in a rich forest area and the second in a degraded forest. Issues relating to land and borders and social capital are identified as the most important in the degraded forest area, while social capital is a very important issue in the rich forest area. Our studies show that the problems of land and border issues in the degraded forest area were caused by an inappropriate resettlement policy. This can be interpreted as the mismanagement of social capital, and for effective local forest management it is very important to overcome problems of this nature. The effective use of social capital has so far been overlooked, however, in the establishment of collaborative forest governance at the local level.

  • Patterns of Behavior in Local Forest management: Case Studies from Indonesia and Laos

    Martinus Nanang, Kimihiko Hyakumura, Kazuhiko Harada, Makoto Inoue

    Socio-Humanities   1, 1   55-65  2006  [Refereed]

  • Declining but Retaining Cohesiveness among the Kenyah People under Infiltration of Monetary Economy in East Kalimantan.

    Imang, N, Inoue, M, Sardjono, M.A

    Socio-Humanities   1, 2   48-61  2006  [Refereed]

  • Small-scale agroforestry for upland community development: a case study from Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh

    TK Nath, M Inoue, H Myant

    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH   10 ( 6 ) 443 - 452  2005.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The potentialities of agroforestry are generally investigated through their biophysiological phenomena, cost-benefit analysis, and possible impact upon poverty reduction. There have been inadequate studies on the actual impacts of agroforestry intervention on small landholders and of farmers' attitudes toward these agroforestry programs. Drawing upon the findings of an empirical study, this article explores the effects of small-scale agroforestry on upland community development in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. More specifically, the study clarifies the merits and demerits of different agroforestry systems as perceived by farmers, their impacts on the rural economy and the environment, farmers' attitudes toward the adoption of agroforestry, and impacts of various government policies. Field data were collected by administering questions to 90 randomly selected smallholders of the Upland Settlement Project (USP), as well as from project staff. The research tools employed were semistructured interviews, group discussions, and uncontrolled observations. The results indicated that the agroforestry interventions have in fact increased farmers' income through employment and the selling of farm products, as well as by improving the ecological conditions of these areas through reduction of soil erosion, increasing tree coverage, and maintaining soil fertility. The adoption of different agroforestry systems was governed mainly by the farmers' interests in following these techniques, their ability to cultivate the land in the prescribed manner, and the market demand for their products. The major obstacles that prevented increased agroforestry improvements included lack of confidence in new land-use systems, inappropriate project design (e.g., top-down innovation approach), and policy issues regarding land tenure. Recommendations are proposed to strengthen social capital in local organizations to enhance the livelihoods of the upland communities.

    DOI

  • Historical Reviews of Sustainable Forest Management and Ecosystem Approach: Based on Reflections of New Forestry and New Ecology in the 1980s

    KOHSAKA Ryo, INOUE Makoto

    NAITO Kenji (Ed.) The Role of Forests for Coming Generations. Japan Society of Forest Planning Press     325-332  2005  [Refereed]

  • Shifting cultivation (jhum) in the chittagong hill tracts, Bangladesh: Examining its sustainability, rural livelihood and policy implications

    Tapan Kumar Nath, M. Inoue, S. Chakma

    International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability   3 ( 2 ) 130 - 142  2005  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Despite the trend of dwindling productivity, tribal people of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) still practise shifting cultivation as a dominant hill farming system to support their livelihood. Drawing on an empirical study in Khagrachari district of the CHT, this research examined how far the production from present shifting cultivation supports the tribal people's livelihood and what alternative livelihood strategies they have adopted for subsistence by using data on input/output and income/expenditures, and analysing current government policies. The findings showed that productivity declined markedly, yields were almost equal to input values and farmers experienced food shortages for at least two to six months in a year. To make a living, farmers have adopted new occupations such as wage labour, animal husbandry, cultivation of annual monocrops and extraction and selling of forest products. Policy analysis indicates that previous policies were unable to reduce shifting cultivation intensity or improve tribal people's livelihoods or the region's forest resources. Reorientation of government policies, easy access to institutional support and the active participation of local people in development intervention are of the utmost importance in order to find alternative land uses for sustainable hill farming, to improve the farmer's living standards and to conserve forests and protect watersheds. © 2005 Taylor &amp
    Francis Group, LLC.

    DOI

  • Hillside forest land as a safety net for local people in a mountain village in West Java: An examination of differences in the significance of national and private lands

    Makoto Inoue, Yuuki Tsurudome, Siti Sugiah M. Mugniesyah

    Journal of Forest Research   8 ( 2 ) 95 - 101  2003.05  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In Kemang, a mountain village in West Java, Indonesia, the local people call the hillsides pasir, a term which includes both privately owned hillside land or nationally owned forest land. It is apparent that the national forest lands function as a social safety net, serving as land where the middle-class and the poor can conduct "informal" cultivation, through temporary agreements with the state forestry corporation, or even "illegal" cultivation without permission. In this study, the households cultivating on national forest lands were identified as: (1) having most household members living together
    (2) having a relatively young head person
    (3) cultivating a small area of rice field
    (4) having participated in the former perhutanan sosial system
    (5) being dependent on the income from hillside land
    (6) taking advantage of the rare opportunities for off-farm income
    and (7) having a low total income. Meanwhile, the talun-huma system is dominant on privately owned hillside land, where a part of the talun, or tree garden, is cleared for use as a swidden on a 30-year rotation. In such cases, the land functions as a safety net only for the limited number of people who are permitted access to the land. The function of the privately owned hillside land, through the mutual-aid system, should not be overestimated
    it is probably less important than national forest land in terms of income redistribution. It is recommended that the government of Indonesia consider the possibility of formally ensuring the long-term rights of local people to utilize the national forest lands in Java.

    DOI

  • The Khasia tribe of Northeastern Bangladesh: Their Socio-economic Status, Hill Farming Practices and Impacts on Forest Conservation

    Tapan K. Nath, INOUE Makoto, M.J. Islam, M.A. Kabir

    Forests, Trees and Livelihoods   13   297-312  2003  [Refereed]

  • Sustainable forest management through local participation: procedures and priority perspectives

    Makoto INOUE

    Makoto Inoue and Hiroji Isozaki (Ed.). People and Forest: policy and local reality in Southeast Asia, the Russian Far East, and Japan. Kluwer Academic Publishers (358pp.)     337-356  2003  [Refereed]

  • Participatory forest management policy in South and Southeast Asia

    Makoto INOUE

    Makoto Inoue and Hiroji Isozaki (Ed.). People and Forest: policy and local reality in Southeast Asia, the Russian Far East, and Japan. Kluwer Academic Publishers (358pp.)     49-71  2003  [Refereed]

  • 地方分権化に伴う森林管理主体のダイナミズム:インドネシア共和国東カリマンタン州西クタイ県を事例にして

    齋藤哲也, 井上真, 横田康裕

    国際開発研究   12, 1 ( 1 ) 99-113 - 113  2003  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>In Indonesia, the Decentralization process is ongoing after the implementation of the regional autonomy laws (Law No.22 / 1999 on Regional Governance and Law No.25 / 1999 on Fiscal Balance between the Central Government and the Regions). In the forestry sector, the decentralization process is also going forward after the Law No.41 / 1999 on Forestry. However, as it stands, the decentralization process is in chaos, lacking in concrete policy and consultation for the regions by the central government.</p><p>Therefore, field research was conducted in West Kutai district, East Kalimantan Province in order to make an actor-oriented analysis on the forest management and clarify dynamic movements and relationships among the forest management bodies and the background and logic to their decisionmaking. Through the analysis, we proposed a future forest management system and the possible role of development assistance in achieving it.</p><p>It is revealed that the decentralization process has gone relatively well so far in West Kutai district because of the multi-stakeholder coordination. And it is accomplished through the efforts by (1) projects by foreign donors that helped in forming multi-stakeholder working groups for the forest management, and (2) Bupati (regent) and his staff achieving good relations with NGOs, the local people and research institutes. We put a high value on the process of consensus building through the multi-stakeholder working groups that resulted in establishment of the regional forest management plan and new regional regulations on forest management. It is also noted that the ownership of these working groups has already been transferred from the foreign donors to the local governments.</p><p>Meanwhile, the relationships among the levels of governments in each level (central, province and regency) are not yet in harmony because of their struggle for more authority. The empowerment of governmental sections and the local people is needed to ensure that participatory forest management is achieved.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • 山村での生活を支える人的ネットワーク

    井上真

    環境と公害   31, 4 ( 4 ) 31-38 - 38  2002  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • J&eacute;r&ocirc;me Rousseau. Kayan Religion: Ritual Life and Religious Reform in Central Borneo. KITLV Press, 1998, 352p.

    Inoue Makoto

    Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies   38 ( 4 ) 601 - 602  2001

    DOI CiNii

  • 山村集落の生活を支える人的つながり:岩手県沢内村を例に

    奥田裕規, 立花敏, 大松美帆, 久保山裕史, 横田康裕, 井上真

    日本林学会誌   83, 1 ( 1 ) 47-52 - 52  2001  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Nowadays people can freely choose their place of residence because they have been almost emtirely released from traditional bondage to inherit and maintain their property while living in their parents' home. As a result, it becomes very important to choose their residential location based on, whether a certain village is attractive or not. In Sawauchi Village, several activities, such as the manufacturing of special products, which originated from a governmental campaign created in response to local characteristics, have been comstructively carried out, based on the human relations within each sub-village. Through those activities, human networks supporting them have spread throughout the city area. The more densely and widely such human networks were set up inside and outside the sub-village, the more those activities could be vitalized. While people living in the researched sub-village positively participate in the activities, they can keep living in their sub-village with confidence and pride. This is one of the reasons why the population of Sawauchi Village has not declined as rapidly as that of other mountain villages.

    CiNii

  • 東南アジア諸国における参加型森林管理の制度と主体:森林社会学からのアプローチ

    井上真

    林業経済研究   46, 1 ( 1 ) 19-26 - 26  2000  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The main objective of the paper is to clarify the characteristics of participatory forest management systems in Southeast Asian countries, such as Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. Important sociological factors, such as legal status of land, main actors of forest management, and work organization for forest management, are adopted as an analytical framework for comparative policy analysis. Following the framework, participatory forest management systems are examined and evaluated. The characteristics of the systems are clarified as follows; 1) most of the land still belongs to the state and the right to use the land is granted to the local people, 2) protected areas are mainly controlled by the government, 3) most of the collective management by the local people are not implemented by fundamental groups but by functional groups, and 4) the systems in the Philippines seem to be advanced in terms of transfer of responsibilities for forest management from government agencies to the local people, because the indigenous people are granted the land ownership and the local people are involved even in the management of protected areas. On the other hand, field research at local level reveal the importance to understand the real state of forest utilization based on the folk category of land and to identify the possibility for the local people to manage their forests. In order to connect the forest sociological studies at local level with the forest policy analysis at national level, the approach of political ecology seems to be helpful.

    CiNii

  • 朽木村における人口変動とその要因に関する研究

    立花敏, 高松明子, 永田信, 井上真

    森林文化研究   21   81-93  2000  [Refereed]

  • Local Forest Management in Indonesia: A Contradiction Between National Forest Policy and Reality

    Martinus Nanang, Makoto Inoue

    International Review for Environmental Strategies   1, 1   175-191  2000  [Refereed]

  • Participatory forest management

    Makoto Inoue

    Edi Guharidja, Mansur Fatawi, Maman Sutisna, Tokunori Mori, and Seiichi Ohta (Eds.). Rainforest Ecosystems of East Kalimantan: El Nino, Drought, Fire, and Human Impacts. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo     299-307 - 307  2000  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Mechanism of changes in the Kenyahユs swidden system: explanation in terms of agricultural intensification theory

    Makoto Inoue

    Edi Guharidja, Mansur Fatawi, Maman Sutisna, Tokunori Mori, and Seiichi Ohta (Eds.). Rainforest Ecosystems of East Kalimantan: El Nino, Drought, Fire, and Human Impacts. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo     167-184  2000  [Refereed]

  • 地元住民による国有林利用の過去・現在・未来:岩手県遠野市山村部を例として

    奥田裕規, 井上真, 久保山裕史, 立花敏, 安村直樹, 山本伸幸, 横田康裕

    林業経済   611 ( 9 ) 27-34 - 34  1999  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • 1995年国勢調査データを用いた山村の人口動向に関する一考察

    安村直樹, 久保山裕史, 奥田裕規, 田中邦宏, 山本伸幸, 立花敏, 井上真

    森林計画学会誌   30   33-40 - 39  1998  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Focusing on cities nearest to "Mountain Villages" as defined by "the Mountain Villages Development Act", the followings were considerd; the relation between necessary time from villages to the nearest city and population trends in these villages, and the relation between population trends in villages and population size of the nearest cities. In the 1960's, most mountain villages became depopulated. In the 1970's and 1980's, the rate of mountain villages increasing in population is higher in villages with shorter necessary time. A specific relation was found between necessary time and population trends in mountain villages. In the 1990's, the necessary time has not affected population growth significantly. On the other hand, population sizes are under 100 thousand in the cities near mountain villages increasing in population. In conclusion, it is thought that shortening with a necessary time by improving roads and building tunnels or developing cities large populations selectively are not always effective in developing the population of mountain villages.

    DOI CiNii

  • 親子の繋がりからみた東北地方山村の現状と今後の展望:遠野地域の山村集落を例に

    奥田裕規, 井上真, 安村直樹, 立花敏, 山本伸幸, 久保山裕史

    林業経済研究   44, 2   37-42  1998  [Refereed]

  • 人的繋がりからみた首都圏近郊山村の現状と展望:埼玉県大滝村を事例に

    立花敏, 井上真, 安村直樹, 奥田裕規, 山本伸幸, 久保山裕史

    林業経済研究   44, 2   67-72  1998  [Refereed]

  • 人的繋がりからみた中国地方山村の現状と展望:島根県の山村集落を事例に

    山本伸幸, 井上真, 立花敏, 奥田裕規, 安村直樹, 久保山裕史

    林業経済研究   44, 2 ( 2 ) 79-84 - 79  1998  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Evaluation of Local Resource Management Systems as the Premise for Introducing Participatory Forest Management

    Makoto Inoue

    Journal of Forest Economics   44, 3   15-22  1998  [Refereed]

  • Land Use Classification Policy in Laos : Strategy for the Establishment of an Effective Legal System

    Takayuki NAMURA, Makoto INOUE

    Journal of Forest Economics   44, 3   23-30 - 30  1998  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • コモンズとしての熱帯林:カリマンタンでの実証調査をもとにして

    井上真

    環境社会学研究   3 ( 3 ) 15-32 - 32  1997  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Commons vary in definition and classification. In a wide sense, in both open-access and common property regimes, they are classified into "local-commons" where access to the resource is limited to certain groups and "global-commons" where everyone has access. The former are classified into "tight local-commons" associated with regulation and sanction and "loose local-commons" characterized by free access within the groups. Nowadays the importance of "tight local-commons" is recognized as the defects of privatization and nationalization are observed in various places. This paper examines the forest systems of the Kenyah people in East Kalimantan, involving swidden sub-system, common forests sub-system, and other sub-systems. The commons have ecological and socio-cultural functions. To examine the ecological function, three manners in sustainable utilization are categorized to serve as a conceptual device. "Haphazard" sustainable use is defined as the mode of utilization where unconscious action brings about sustainable use of the resources ; "incidental" sustainable use is defined as the mode of utilization where conscious actions for other purposes achieve sustainable use; and "intended" sustainable use is one where sustainable resources management is achieved as intended. It is concluded that the swidden sub-system and common forests sub-system are regarded as "loose local-commons"; the other systems are considered to be "global commons". Their forest systems go through drastic change because they do not involve "tight local-commons". The change has been caused by "incomplete industrialization", involving timber revolution in 1970's, plywood revolution in 1980's, and re-afforestation revolution in 1990's, preceded by the long process of incorporation into market economy for centuries. Two alternative responses for the Kenyah people are derived logically: "complete industrialization" strategy where the Kenyah people can adapt themselves to industrialization based on private property regime and "reconstruction of the commons" strategy where new social system may be constructed based on common property regime. Under the present forest policy, the latter may not be available. It is recommended that an Article 2 of Basic Forestry Law should be revised as for the forest dwellers to establish a kind of "tight local-commons" grounded on Basic Land Law, in cooperation with NGOs and the government.

    CiNii

  • インドネシアにおける産業造林型移住事業:南スマトラにおける事例調査を中心として

    横田康裕, 井上真

    東京大学農学部演習林報告   95 ( 95 ) 209-246 - 246  1996  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • マカッサル人の山村における文化生態系の動態:インドネシア共和国南スラウェシ州における治山プロジェクトの影響

    井上真

    東南アジア研究   33, 2 ( 2 ) 224-244 - 244  1995  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In the mountainous "Gantarang" region inhabited by the Makassar people, the upper classes living at the foot of the palace had monopolized rainfed rice fields and sugar palm communities, while the commoners, who were shifting cultivators, had produced maize on the slopes of the mountains around the upper classes' villages. From the 1970s, the commoners began to settle down and make colonies on the middle mountain slopes in consequence of strong prohibition of shifting cultivation due to pine plantation projects by the government. As a result, in the late 1980s when the watershed management project was inaugurated in cooperation with JICA, slash-and-burn agriculture and firing for grazing had vanished. Since the implementation of the project, the upper classes have been earning considerable amounts of cash income as wage laborers for the various activities of the project, and the commoners have been diversifying their income sources, stimulated by construction and improvement of the road network. Organizational aspects of the culture show signs of changes under the influence of the project. The project's effects, however, have not reached the ideological aspects of the culture.

    CiNii

  • 熱帯諸国における保護地域管理制度の課題:住民参加アプローチに着目して

    笹岡正俊, 井上真

    日林論   106   11-14  1995  [Refereed]

  • 保護地域管理の制度化に関する研究:インドネシア・シブル国立公園を例として

    井上真, 増田美砂, 粟屋善雄

    林業経済   550 ( 8 ) 16-24 - 24  1994  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • ラオス北部山岳地帯における焼畑システムの変容:山地民族・カムー人の事例より

    井上真

    日林論   105   111-114  1994  [Refereed]

  • 地元住民にとっての産業造林-インドネシア共和国スマトラ島の事業地を例として

    横田康裕, 井上真

    日林論   105   115-118  1994  [Refereed]

  • "Trees of Life" by K. Miller and L. Tangley (Book Review)

    INOUE Makoto

    FOREST ECONOMY   46 ( 7 ) 31 - 32  1993

    DOI CiNii

  • 森林資源に関するU字仮説の検討

    永田信, 井上真, 岡裕泰

    林業経済研究   123 ( 123 ) 100-104 - 104  1993  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 経済発展に伴う住民による森林利用の変容パターン

    井上真

    熱帯農業   37, 4 ( 4 ) 334-336 - 336  1993  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In the tropical forest areas the endogenous development mechanisms would be hardly formed, because the areas have been under the influence of exogenous economic forces as the areas have been the periphery regions in the periphery countries. The patterns of changes in forest utilization in the tropics, however, do not seem to be uniform. This paper describes and considers the changes in swidden agriculture and the customary law concerning the utilization of the forest products, based on the field surveys at the Kenyah Dayak and the Buginese villages in East Kalimantan, the Wana villages in Central Sulawesi and a village in Siberut island.<BR>Traditional types of swidden agriculture, which produce subsistence crops under the condition of the low population density, whether recurrent type or pioneer type, seem to change toward unsustainable land utilization in the course of economic development along with population increases and the infiltration of cash economy, because the practices concerning the use of swiddens are not so strict as customary law would imply.<BR>In utilizing the forest products, it is crucial whether the customary law has developed well or not before going through the economic development. The areas where the customary law have developed well will possibly develop endogenously, or form the conditions, suitable to peculiar ecosystems, for everybody as individual human being to make good use of the possibilities through satisfying the basic human needs based on their own tradition, referring to exogenous knowledge, technology, institution, etc.. Even in the society with elaborately developed customary law, however, it is uncertain how long the customary law will be effective, because of the contradiction with the national law and the influence of radical economic development. It seems necessary to form the system where forest dwellers could manage the forests with the assurance of the long term right of utilization.

    DOI CiNii

  • インドネシアにおける移住政策に関する考察

    横田康裕, 井上真

    日林論   104   61-64 - 66  1993  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 環太平洋木材貿易の計量経済学的分析(Ⅱ):日本・北米間針葉樹材貿易モデルの作成

    永田信, 古井戸宏通, 加藤隆, 岡裕泰, 井上真

    日林論   103   29-31 - 34  1992  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 森林保全策における森林居住者の位置づけ

    井上真

    林業経済   523   1-11  1992  [Refereed]

  • 森林利用様式の特徴に基づく熱帯林保全の基本方針

    井上真

    森林文化研究   13   27-32  1992  [Refereed]

  • Traditional rattan forestry in East Kalimantan and its future

    Makoto Inoue

    The Current State of Japanese Forestry   7   99-109  1991  [Refereed]

  • インドネシア東カリマンタン州における「焼畑-ラタン育成林業」システム

    井上真

    林業経済研究   119   43-50 - 50  1991  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Changes in Economic Life of the Hunters and Gatherers : the Kelay Punan in East Kalimantan

    Makoto INOUE, LUGAN, IGIN Bilung

    TROPICS   1, 2/3   143~153  1991  [Refereed]

  • 東カリマンタン州における焼畑農業の生産関数

    井上真

    森林文化研究   12   47-53  1991  [Refereed]

  • 環太平洋木材貿易の計量経済学的分析(I):合衆国針葉樹製材品の対日輸出

    古井戸宏通, 加藤隆, 永田信, 井上真, 岡裕泰

    日林論   102   33-35 - 35  1991  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • DYNAMICS OF SWIDDEN AGRICULTURE IN EAST KALIMANTAN

    M INOUE, AM LAHJIE

    AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS   12 ( 3 ) 269 - 284  1990  [Refereed]

  • クニャー・ダヤク族による焼畑システムの変容

    井上真

    東南アジア研究   28, 2 ( 2 ) 222-255 - 255  1990  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Since the 1950s, the Kenyah Dayak people have been moving out of their isolated home. The further they migrate downstream, the more the monetary economy infiltrates into the village. At the same time, social and economic structures such as work organization, the mutual aid system, and the traditional land tenure system change. As the result of such changes, the originally sustainable swidden system has changed to a less sustainable one. To examine the dynamics of the swidden system practiced by the Kenyah people, the infiltration of monetary economy and the effect of the system on the environment are adopted as parameters.

    CiNii

  • 熱帯林減少の背景:社会・経済的メカニズム

    井上真

    林業経済   480 ( 10 ) 9-21 - 21  1988  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 混牧林経営の意義と成立条件:笹目牧場及びカヤノ平牧場を例にして

    井上真

    日林論   97   39-42  1986  [Refereed]

  • ヤツバキクイムシの風害後の繁殖と大量誘殺による枯損防止

    古田公人, 高橋郁雄, 安藤祥一, 井上 真

    東京大学農学部附属演習林報告   74 ( 74 ) 39-65 - 65  1985  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 熱帯の森林開発と地元住民の福祉:インドの少数部族を例にして

    井上真

    林業経済   441 ( 7 ) 13-21 - 21  1985  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 熱帯諸国における森林政策と地元住民の福祉:インドにおける社会的林業の問題点

    井上真

    日林論   96   5-8  1985  [Refereed]

▼display all

Books and Other Publications

  • Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of Climate Change Policy and Rural Development Policy

    Makoto Inoue, Kazuhiro Harada, Yasuhiro Yokota, Abrar Juhar Mohammed( Part: Joint editor)

    University of Tokyo Press.  2021.11 ISBN: 9784130770125

  • Case studies on participatory forest management for climate change and rural development in Southeast Asia

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue, Hari Kaskoyo, Juan M. Pulhin, Rose Jane, J. Peras, Ganesh P. Shivakoti( Part: Contributor, pp.101-132)

    In: Makoto Inoue, Kazuhiro Harada, Yasuhiro Yokota, and Abrar Juhar Mohammed (Eds). Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of Climate Change Policy and Rural Development Policy. University of Tokyo Press (309pp),  2021.11 ISBN: 9784130770125

  • Case studies on participatory forest management for climate change and rural development in South Asia

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue, Tapan Kumar Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Mangala De Zoysa( Part: Contributor, pp.67-100)

    In: Makoto Inoue, Kazuhiro Harada, Yasuhiro Yokota, and Abrar Juhar Mohammed (Eds). Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of Climate Change Policy and Rural Development Policy. University of Tokyo Press (309pp)  2021.11 ISBN: 9784130770125

  • Case studies: Overview

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue, Tapan Kumar Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Mangala De Zoysa, Hari Kaskoyo, Juan M. Pulhin, Rose Jane, J. Peras, Ganesh .P. Shivakoti( Part: Contributor, pp.55-66)

    In: Makoto Inoue, Kazuhiro Harada, Yasuhiro Yokota, and Abrar Juhar Mohammed (Eds). Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of Climate Change Policy and Rural Development Policy. University of Tokyo Press (309pp)  2021.11 ISBN: 9784130770125

  • Participatory forest management policies in South and Southeast Asia.

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue, Tapan Kumar Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Mangala De Zoysa, Hari Kaskoyo, Juan, M. Pulhin, Rose Jane, J. Peras, Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Ndan Imang, Mustofa Agung Sardjono( Part: Contributor, pp.21-54)

    In: Makoto Inoue, Kazuhiro Harada, Yasuhiro Yokota, and Abrar Juhar Mohammed (Eds). Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of Climate Change Policy and Rural Development Policy. University of Tokyo Press (309pp),  2021.11 ISBN: 9784130770125

  • Introduction

    Makoto Inoue, Abrar Juhar Mohammed( Part: Contributor, pp.1-17)

    In: Makoto Inoue, Kazuhiro Harada, Yasuhiro Yokota, and Abrar Juhar Mohammed (Eds). Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of Climate Change Policy and Rural Development Policy. University of Tokyo Press (309pp)  2021.11 ISBN: 9784130770125

  • Theoretical implication of current social problems in Japan to the studies of the commons

    Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor, pp.365-371)

    In: Raza Ullah, Shubhechchha Sharma, Makoto Inoue, Sobia Asghar, Ganesh Shivakoti (eds) Natural Resource Governance in Asia. Elsevier  2021.06

  • Managing natural resources in Asia: Challenges and approaches

    Raza Ullah, Makoto Inoue, Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Shubhechchha Sharma( Part: Contributor, pp.1-12)

    In: Raza Ullah, Shubhechchha Sharma, Makoto Inoue, Sobia Asghar, Ganesh Shivakoti (eds) Natural Resource Governance in Asia. Elsevier  2021.06

  • Preface

    Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Rajendra P. Shrestha, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor, pp.xxiii-xxiv)

    In: Raza Ullah, Shubhechchha Sharma, Makoto Inoue, Sobia Asghar, Ganesh Shivakoti (eds) Natural Resource Governance in Asia, Elsevier  2021.06

  • Natural Resource Governance in Asia: From Collective Action to Resilience Thinking

    Raza Ullah, Shubhechchha Sharma, Makoto Inoue, Sobia Asghar, Ganesh Shivakoti( Part: Joint editor)

    Elsevier  2021.06

  • Pathways Toward a Human Secured Asia.

    Pulhin J.M, Inoue M, Shaw R, Catudio M.L.R.O, Pangilinan M.J( Part: Contributor, pp 419-445)

    In: Pulhin J.M., Inoue M., Shaw R. (eds) Climate Change, Disaster Risks, and Human Security. Springer, Singapore.  2021.03

    DOI

  • National Policies and Programs on Climate Change and Disaster Risks that Address Human Security.

    Ramirez M.A.M, Stevenson L.A, Pulhin J.M, Inoue M( Part: Contributor, pp 345-372)

    In: Pulhin J.M., Inoue M., Shaw R. (eds) Climate Change, Disaster Risks, and Human Security. Springer, Singapore.  2021.03

    DOI

  • Natural Resource Base as a Foundation of Human Security.

    Peras R.J.J, Pulhin J.M, Gevaña D.T, Inoue M( Part: Contributor, pp.113-136)

    In: Pulhin J.M., Inoue M., Shaw R. (eds) Climate Change, Disaster Risks, and Human Security. Springer, Singapore.  2021.03

    DOI

  • Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation, and Human Security: A Historical Perspective Under the Hyogo Framework and Beyond.

    Shaw R, Pulhin J.M, Inoue M( Part: Contributor, pp.21-36)

    In: Pulhin J.M., Inoue M., Shaw R. (eds) Climate Change, Disaster Risks, and Human Security. Springer  2021.03

    DOI

  • Climate Change, Disaster Risks, and Human Security: Asian Experience and Perspectives

    Pulhin J.M, Inoue M, Shaw R( Part: Joint editor)

    Springer  2021.03

  • Management of Village Common Forests in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh: Historical Background and Current Issues in Terms of Sustainability

    Mohammed Jashimuddin, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor, pp.239-289)

    In: Mongsanu Chowdhury (ed.), Hill Land Guide: Forest and land rights, lease and internal refugee problem of Chittagong Hill Tracts (in Bengali), Office of the Chakma Raj, Association for Land Reform and Development, BIPNet-CCBD, CHT Forest and Land Rights Conservation Movement, and CHT Nagarik Committee, Bangladesh  2021

  • 熱帯林保護地域管理への住民参加:ボルネオ島中央部の事例より

    井上真( Part: Contributor, p.165-189)

    関根久雄(編)『持続可能な開発における<文化>の居場所:「誰一人取り残さない」開発への応答』春風社(361頁)  2021.01

  • 森林環境2020:暮らしの中の熱帯

    森林環境研究会, 原田一宏, 井上真( Part: Joint editor)

    森林文化協会  2020

  • 森林環境2019:森林環境 多事争論

    森林環境研究会, 井上真, 桑山朗人( Part: Joint editor)

    森林文化協会  2019

  • Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of Climate Change Policy and Rural Development Policy (forthcoming)

    Makoto Inoue, Kazuhiro Harada, Yasuhiro Yokota, Abrar Juhar Mohammed( Part: Joint editor)

    University of Tokyo Press  2019

  • Decentralization and the Life of Indigenous Kenyah Dayak in East Kalimantan

    Ndan Imang, Makoto Inoue, M. Agung, Sardjono( Part: Joint author)

    Mulawarman University Press  2018.10 ISBN: 9786026834713

  • REDD+: global multilevel forest governance for building a climate resilient society

    Abrar Juhar Mohammed, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    K.N.Ninan and Makoto Inoue (Eds), 2017. Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society: Challenges and Opportunities.Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK/Northampton, MA, USA (306pp.)  2017.07

  • Introduction

    K.N.Ninan, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    K.N.Ninan and Makoto Inoue (Eds), 2017. Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society: Challenges and Opportunities. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK/Northampton, MA, USA (306pp.)  2017.07

  • Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society: Challenges and Opportunities

    K.N.Ninan, Makoto Inoue( Part: Joint author)

    Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK/Northampton, MA, USA  2017.07

  • 東南アジア「環境」の地域研究:学際性と実践性

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2017.02

  • 東南アジア地域研究入門:(1)環境

    山本信人, 上真( Part: Edit)

    慶應義塾大学出版会  2017.02

  • Decentralization of Forest Management, Local Institutional Capacity, and Its Effect on Access of Local People to Forest Resources: The case of West Sumatra, Indonesia

    Mahdi, G.Shivakoti, M. Inoue( Part: Joint editor)

    Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Ujiwal Pradhan, and Helmi (eds), Redefining Diviersity and Dynamics of Natural Resources management in Asia (Volume 1): Sustainable Natural Resources Management in Dynamic Asia. Elsevier, Amsterdam,Netherlands/Oxford, UK/Cambridge, USA (395pp)  2017

  • Collaborative Governance of Forest Resources in Indonesia: Giving over managerial authority to decision makers on the sites.

    M.A.Sardjono, M. Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Ujiwal Pradhan, and Helmi (eds), Redefining Diviersity and Dynamics of Natural Resources management in Asia (Volume 1): Sustainable Natural Resources Management in Dynamic Asia. Elsevier, Amsterdam,Netherlands/Oxford, UK/Cambridge, USA (395pp)  2017

  • Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) in Bangladesh.(World Forests, Vol.22)

    Tapan Kumar Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Makoto Inoue( Part: Joint author)

    Springer International Publishing, Switzerland  2016.04

  • Swiddeners’ perception on monoculture oil palm in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Daisuke Terauchi, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    T. K. Nath & P. O’Reilly (Eds.), Monoculture Farming: Global Practices, Ecological Impact and Benefits/Drawbacks. NOVA Science Publishers.  2016

  • Foreword

    Makoto Inoue( Part: Other)

    Herman Hidayat, 2016. Forest Resources Management in Indonesia (1968-2004): A Political Ecology Approach. Springer (350pp)  2016

  • 「田舎暮らし」のネットワーク

    奥田裕規, 井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2016.01

  • 「田舎暮らし」の理論

    奥田裕規, 井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2016.01

  • 居心地の悪さへの対処:開発実践への示唆

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    Springer-Verlag, Tokyo (385pp)  2015.09

  • Towards an Effective Policy for Forest Management in Asia

    Ganesh P Shivakoti, Makoto Inoue, Juan M Pulhin, Shubhechchha Sharma, Edward L Webb, Tapan K Nath( Part: Contributor)

    Makoto Inoue and Ganesh P. Shivakoti (Eds), Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: Concepts, Challenges and the Way Forward. SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India. (461pp.)  2015.07

  • Japan II: Implications of the Commons for Endogenous Development of a Mountain Village

    Hironori Okuda, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Makoto Inoue and Ganesh P. Shivakoti (Eds), Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: Concepts, Challenges and the Way Forward. SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India. (461pp.)  2015.07

  • Sri Lanka: Forest Governance of Community-based Forest Management.

    Mangala De Zoysa, W D Lakmi Saubhagya, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Makoto Inoue and Ganesh P. Shivakoti (Eds), Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: Concepts, Challenges and the Way Forward. SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India. (461pp.)  2015.07

  • Nepal: Evaluating Different Forest Management Regimes

    Ganesh P Shivakoti, Birendra K Karna, Ambika P Gautam, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Makoto Inoue and Ganesh P. Shivakoti (Eds), Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: Concepts, Challenges and the Way Forward. SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India. (461pp.)  2015.07

  • Bangladesh: Do Changes in Policy Ensure Good Forest Governance?

    Tapan K Nath, Mohammed Jashimuddin, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Makoto Inoue and Ganesh P. Shivakoti (Eds), Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: Concepts, Challenges and the Way Forward. SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India. (461pp.)  2015.07

  • Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: An Introduction

    Makoto Inoue, Ganesh P Shivakoti, Hemant R Ojha( Part: Contributor)

    Makoto Inoue and Ganesh P. Shivakoti (Eds), Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: Concepts, Challenges and the Way Forward. SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India. (461pp.)  2015.07

  • Multi-level Forest Governance in Asia: Concepts, Challenges and the Way Forward.

    Makoto Inoue, Ganesh P, Shivakoti( Part: Joint editor)

    SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd  2015.07

  • Appendix: Prototype design guidelines for “Collaborative Governance” of Natural Resources.

    Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Motomu Tanaka and Makoto Inoue (Eds), Collaborative Governance of Forests: Towards Sustainable Forest Resource Utilization. University of Tokyo Press.  2015.02

  • Multifaceted Significance of Collaborative Governance and Its Future Challenges

    Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Motomu Tanaka and Makoto Inoue (Eds), Collaborative Governance of Forests: Towards Sustainable Forest Resource Utilization. University of Tokyo Press.  2015.02

  • Collaborative Governance of Forests: Towards Sustainable Forest Resource Utilization

    Motomu Tanaka, Makoto Inoue( Part: Joint editor)

    University of Tokyo Press  2015.02

  • ボルネオ先住民の行動原理(コラム6)

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2014.02

  • 教養としての森林学

    日本森林学会, 井出雄二, 大河内勇, 上真( Part: Joint editor)

    文永堂出版  2014.02

  • Valuing forest ecosystem services: case study of a forest reserve in Japan.

    K.N.Ninan, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    K.N.Ninan (ed.), Valuing Ecosystem Services: Methodological Issues and Case Studies.Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.  2014

  • Valuing forest ecosystem services: what we know and what we don’t

    K.N.Ninan, Makoto Inoue( Part: Joint editor)

    K.N.Ninan (ed.), Valuing Ecosystem Services: Methodological Issues and Case Studies.Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.  2014

  • 自然資源の「協治」からみた「国際共生」

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2014

  • 『森林環境2013:地域資源の活かし方---人・自然・ローカルコモンズ』

    森林環境研究会, 松下和夫, 井上真( Part: Joint editor)

    森林文化協会/朝日新聞社  2013.03

  • Eclectic collaborative commons as an integration of closure and openness.

    Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    Takeshi Murota and Ken Takeshita (Eds.) Local commons and democratic environmental governance. United Nations University Press,Tokyo (pp.412)  2013

  • 復旧・復興や地域資源は誰のため?

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2013

  • 森林の開発と保全

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2013

  • 現場からデータを読むことの意味

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2012.05

  • 森林 vs. アブラヤシ農園:公正な闘い?

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2012.03

  • 自分ならではの新領域を拓く

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2012.03

  • “Iriai” traditional management of village common forest resources in Japan: Transformation and sustainability

    Mangala De Zoysa, Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    H.D. Karunaratne, (Ed.) A Journey in Harmony: Sixty Years of Japan- Sri Lanka Relations. Faculty of Management and Finance, University of Colombo and JAGAAS,  2012

  • 自然資源ガバナンス論へのアプローチ:森林コモンズから考える

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2011.11

  • 温暖化防止対策としての森林保全:REED+制度設計の課題

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2011.03

  • Local commons in a global context

    Makoto Inoue( Part: Contributor)

    M. Osaki, A.K. Braimoh, and K. Nakagami (Eds) "Designing Our Future: Perspectives on Bioproduction, Ecosystems and Humanity" (425pp), United Nations University Press  2011.01

  • アジア環境白書2010/11

    日本環境会議編, 責任編集, 大島堅一, 小島道一, 除本理史, 山下英俊, 監修, 寺西俊一, 井上真( Part: Joint editor)

    東洋経済新報社  2010.12

  • 協治

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2010.10

  • 「協治」論の新展開:あとがきにかえて

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2010.06

  • 終章:実践指針としてのコモンズ論:協治と抵抗の補完戦略

    三俣学, 菅豊, 井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2010.06

  • 序章:グローバル時代のなかのローカル・コモンズ論

    菅豊, 三俣学, 井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2010.06

  • ローカル・コモンズの可能性:自治と環境の新たな関係

    三俣学, 菅豊, 井上真( Part: Joint editor)

    ミネルヴァ書房  2010.06

  • 汎コモンズ論へのアプローチ

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2010.03

  • 森の民の知識と技能を見事に描いた刺激的な成果

    井上真( Part: Other)

    2010.02

  • Summary for Decision Makers

    Japan Satoyama, Satoumi Assessment, JSSA( Part: Contributor)

    Satoyama-Satoumi Ecosystems and Human Well-Being:Socio-ecological Production Landscapes of Japan, UNU-IAS  2010

  • The State of the Environment in Asia 2006/2007

    Japan Environmental Council( Part: Joint editor)

    United Nations University Press  2009.12

  • 自然資源「協治」の設計指針:ローカルからグローバルへ

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2009.10

  • 私的な経験の昇華:過去から未来へ

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2009.06

  • Blurb

    Makoto Inoue( Part: Other)

    Tapan Kumar Nath "Participatory Forest Management and Livelihoods of Ethnic People"NOVA  2009

  • コモンズ論の遺産と展開

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2008.11

  • Kata Pengantar

    INOUE Makoto( Part: Other)

    Herman Hidayat "Politik Lingkungan: Pengelolaan Hutan Masa Orde Baru Dan Reformasi"  2008.10

  • 自然資源「協治」の設計原則

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2008.06

  • アカデミック・ツアー:国際森林環境学

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2008.04

  • コラム:インドネシアにおけるアブラヤシ農園開発の光と影

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2008

  • コモンズ論の挑戦:新たな資源管理を求めて

    井上真( Part: Edit)

    新曜社  2008

  • 思想形成と森林

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2007

  • 『協治』の思想で森とかかわる

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2007

  • 野生動物保護への順応と文化化

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2007

  • コモンズの管理

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2006

  • コモンズとしての熱帯林

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2006

  • 環境保全を前提とした地域発展を求めて

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2006

  • アジア環境白書2006/07(317pp.)

    日本環境会議編, 責任編集, 小島道一, 井上真, 大島堅一, 除本理史, 山下英俊( Part: Joint editor)

    東洋経済新報社  2006

  • 躍動するフィールドワーク:研究と実践をつなぐ

    井上真( Part: Edit)

    世界思想社  2006

  • 地球環境保全への途:アジアからのメッセージ

    寺西俊一, 大島堅一, 上真( Part: Joint editor)

    有斐閣  2006

  • 世界の森林はいま:苦悩と希望の緑(森林環境2006)

    森林環境研究会編, 責任編集, 井上真, 鷲谷いづみ( Part: Joint editor)

    朝日新聞社  2006

  • Introduction: Launching the Era of Global Environmental Governance from Asia: Guaranteeing Fairness Through the Invovement Principle

    Makoto Inoue, Michikazu Kojima, Ken’ichi Oshima( Part: Contributor)

    Japan Environmental Council (Ed.), The State of the Environmenta in Asia 2005/2006. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo (385pp)  2005

  • ダヤック:忍従から自律へ

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2005

  • 地域と環境の再生:コモンズ論による試み

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2005

  • The State of the Environment in Asia 2005/2006

    Japan Environmental Council( Part: Joint editor)

    Springer-Verlag Tokyo  2005

  • 新たな視点の構築に向けて

    原洋之介, 井上真, 篠原徹, 松井健, 大塚柳太郎( Part: Contributor)

    2004

  • 私の読書から、これだけは読んでおこう、私がすすめる東京大学出版会の本

    井上真( Part: Other)

    2004

  • 脱皮を余儀なくされている熱帯の森林企業

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2004

  • 自然環境保全のための『協治』

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2004

  • 人と森の環境学

    井上真, 酒井秀夫, 下村彰男, 白石則彦, 鈴木雅一( Part: Joint author)

    東京大学出版会  2004

  • コモンズの思想を求めて:カリマンタンの森で考える

    井上真( Part: Sole author)

    岩波書店  2004

  • 環境問題:地域環境ガバナンスに向けて

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • 熱帯植林と地域住民との共存 :インドネシア・東カリマンタンの事例より

    齋藤哲也, 井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • 森林と人間、森を巡る文化と社会、コモンズの概念と有効性、途上国における住民参加型森林管理、熱帯林の問題

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • 森林と水田の生物多様性:住民参加に基づく総合的管理の実現を

    磯崎博司, 山根正伸, 中村有利子, 井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • アジアから地球環境『協治』の時代を切り拓く!-『かかわり主義』で公平性の確保を

    井上真, 小島道一, 大島堅一( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • 森林管理への地域住民参加の重要性と展望

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • 森林消失問題への視座

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • 揺れうごく住民参加の森林政策

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • 大規模アブラヤシ農園の操業に対する地域住民の適応(翻訳・リライト)

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2003

  • Indonesia

    Makoto Inoue, Martinus Nanang( Part: Contributor)

    Japan Environmental Council (ed.). 『The state of the environment in Asia 2002/2003』Springer-Verlag, Tokyo (361pp.)  2003

  • 森林の百科

    井上真, 桜井尚武, 鈴木和夫, 富田文一郎, 静透( Part: Joint editor)

    朝倉書店  2003

  • People and Forest: policy and local reality in Southeast Asia, the Russian Far East, and Japan

    Makoto Inoue, Hiroji Isozaki( Part: Joint editor)

    Kluwer Academic Publishers  2003

  • アジア環境白書2003/04

    日本環境会議編, 責任編集, 井上真, 小島道一, 大島堅一, 山下英俊( Part: Joint editor)

    東洋経済新報社  2003

  • アジアにおける森林の消失と保全

    井上真( Part: Edit)

    中央法規  2003

  • 越境するフィールド研究の可能性

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2002

  • 地域住民・市民を主体とする自然資源の管理

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2001

  • 自然資源の共同管理制度としてのコモンズ

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2001

  • 東南アジアの林業/インドネシアの林業/インドシナ諸国の林業/参加型開発/社会林業/コモンズ/森林居住者/焼畑農業/コンセッション/商業伐採/タウンヤ法/熱帯林の消失・劣化/東南アジアの森林開発/森林認証制度/西暦2000年の地球/ローマクラブ報告/非政府組織/国際自然保護連合/世界自然保護基金

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2001

  • コモンズの社会学:森・川・海の資源共同管理を考える

    井上真, 宮内泰介( Part: Joint editor)

    新曜社  2001

  • Pemantauan Lingkungan

    Tai Harada, Makoto, Inoue, Sachie Okamoto, Kozo, Izumo, Kennedy Amin Poltak Simanjuntak( Part: Joint author)

    JANNI and LSPL (UD. Sinuraya)  2001

  • インドネシア

    井上真, マルティヌス・ナナン( Part: Contributor)

    2000

  • 生態系の危機と地域:カリマンタン

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2000

  • 21世紀・熱帯林の利用と管理

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2000

  • 地域発展のかたち:カリマンタン

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    2000

  • Republic of Indonesia

    Makoto Inoue, Michikazu Kojima( Part: Contributor)

    Japan Environmental Council (ed.). 『The state of the environment in Asia 1999/2000』Springer-Verlag, Tokyo (197pp.)  2000

  • 森林地域発展論

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1999

  • 熱帯林の開発と保全

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1999

  • 森林資源と地球環境

    永田信 井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1998

  • 森林政策学的フィールドワーク論

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1997

  • インドネシア

    井上真, 小島道一( Part: Contributor)

    1997

  • 森林地帯の先住民/焼畑

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1996

  • 風土と地理

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1995

  • 転換期のボルネオ先住民

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1995

  • 変わり行くボルネオの焼畑世界

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1995

  • 焼畑と熱帯林:カリマンタンの伝統的焼畑システムの変容

    井上真( Part: Sole author)

    弘文堂  1995

  • 熱帯雨林:開発と人々

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1994

  • 森林資源の利用と再生:経済の論理と自然の論理

    永田信, 井上真, 岡裕泰( Part: Joint author)

    農山漁村文化協会  1994

  • 生物の多様性を保全するための人間の能力の拡大と育成(翻訳)

    井上真( Part: Sole translator)

    1993

  • 熱帯林に生活する人々

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1992

  • 東カリマンタンにおける伝統的焼畑システムの変容と非伝統的焼畑システムの実態・問題点

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    1992

  • 熱帯林情報 No.1 :アフリカの乾燥地域におけるアグロフォレストリー(抄訳)

    井上真( Part: Supervisor (editorial))

    国際緑化推進センター  1992

  • 熱帯雨林の生活:ボルネオの焼畑民とともに

    井上真( Part: Sole author)

    築地書館  1991

  • 熱帯地域の森林資源

    井上真( Part: Contributor)

    外務省・農林水産省・林野庁監修『世界の森林と緑の国際協力』日本林業調査会(276pp.)  1986

  • Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation, and Human Security: A Historical Perspective Under the Hyogo Framework and Beyond

    Shaw R, Pulhin J.M, Inoue M( Part: Contributor)

▼display all

Misc

  • Endorsement for the book "'African Potentials' for Wildlife Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Against the Image of 'Deficiency' and Tyranny of 'Fortress'", edited by Toshio Meguro, Chihiro Ito, and Kariuki Kirigia. Publisher: Langaa PRCIG, Cameroon.

        Back cover of the book  2021

    Other  

  • Challenging Forest Governance from the Aspects of Collaborative Governance Theory

    INOUE Makoto

    Forest economy   64 ( 10 ) 22 - 25  2012.01

    CiNii

  • 木の建築探訪 東カリマンタン州(ボルネオ島インドネシア領)--B村の森と木と住まい

    斎藤 幸恵, 寺内 大左, 井上 真

    NPO木の建築   ( 30 ) 22 - 25  2011.08

    CiNii

  • ラオスにおける森林減少・劣化の要因―焼畑地域における森林関連政策・プログラムのコ・ベネフィットの評価―

    百村帝彦, 百村帝彦, 横田康裕, マニボン カンパイ, フォンゴドム チャンサモン, 井上真

    日本森林学会大会学術講演集(CD-ROM)   121st   ROMBUNNO.M36  2010.04

    J-GLOBAL

  • Factor of deforestation and forest degradaion in Laos:Case study in Xieng Ngeun District, Louangphabang Province

    HYAKUMURA Kimihiko, YOKOTA Yasuhiro, MANIVONG khamphay, PHONGOUDOME Chanhsamone, INOUE Makoto

    The Japanese Forest Society Congress   121 ( 0 ) 36 - 36  2010

    CiNii

  • Examining the regime for reducing emissions from deforestation

    INOUE Makoto, MUKAI Shuhei, YOKOTA Yasuhiro, MATSUMOTO Mitsuo

    The Japanese Forest Society Congress   119 ( 0 ) 201 - 201  2008.03

    DOI CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • Research on rehabilitation of devastated tropical forest on landscape level. 3. Researches on evaluation of socioeconomic adaptability of forest rehabilitation management options and on land resource control programs by resident participation. (2) Constru

    YOKOTA YASUHIRO, IMANG N, GANI A D, INOUE MAKOTO, SAITO TETSUYA, MOCHIZUKI AKIKO

    地球環境研究総合推進費 平成14年度研究成果 中間成果報告集 4/全5分冊     52 - 62  2003.03

    J-GLOBAL

  • Relationship between Population Movements and Socioeconomic between Population Movements and Socioeconomic Factors--A Case Study of Kutsuki-mura of Shiga Prefecture

    TACHIBANA Satoshi, TAKAMATSU Akiko, NAGATA Shin, INOUE Makoto

    Review of forestry culture   21   81 - 93  2000

    CiNii

▼display all

Other

  • Emeritus Professor, The University of Tokyo

    2021.06
    -
    Now
  • 「専門社会調査士」

    2015.10
    -
    Now

Awards

  • Incentive Award for Area Studies

    2010.07   The Daido Life Foundation   for the creation of practical area studies on environmental friendly development strategies

  • Academic Award

    2007.04   The Japanese Forest Society   for the research on common pool resource management

  • Academic Award

    2004.04   The Japanese Forest Economic Society   for the research on forest policy in Asian countries

  • Incentive Award

    1997.06   The Japan Society of Tropical Ecology   for the research on changes in swidden system by the Kenyah Dayak people in East Kalimantan

  • Research Encouragement Award

    1993.05   Forest Development Technological Institute   for comparative research on swidden agriculture in East Kalimantan

Research Projects

  • Institutional design for biodiversity conservation in Indonesian side of the Heart of Borneo: linking local reality with global issues

    Project Year :

    2017.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • Collaboration among stakeholders for adjustment of forest policies to international framework to reduce CO2 emission

    トヨタ財団  国際助成プログラム

    Project Year :

    2016.11
    -
    2018.10
     

  • 分権型森林ガバナンスを分析するための分解可能な社会生態系アプローチ

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費補助金

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2017.03
     

     View Summary

    多国のデータ分析結果:持続可能な森林・社会生態システム(以下、SES)と正の関連があった変数は、森林面積、非木材森林産物の多様性、森林利用者間のネットワーク、便益割り当て・森林資源の採取時期・紛争解決に関するルール作りへの外部組織の関与である。一方、持続可能な森林SESと負の関連があった変数は、仕事の機会、所得面での森林への依存、森林と森林利用者たちの家の距離、食料自給できない世帯割合、採取が許される森林資源の量・ルールを破った際の制裁・森林の保護に関するルール作りへの外部組織の関与である。このような結果から、ある程度広くて多様な非木材森林産物を供給してくれる森林が地元の人々によって管理されるときに、持続可能な森林管理が実現することが示唆される。生計を極度に森林に依存し、食料自給に十分な土地を持たない人々により利用される場合は、持続可能な森林SESになり得ない。ガバナンスの特性についての分析からは、外部組織の役割が正負の両面をもつことが示された。つまり、森林伐採とは関係ない外部組織による紛争解決や便益割り当てへの関与は持続性の達成に結びつが、ルールを犯した人への制裁、自給用産物の採取、森林保護に関するルール作りは地元住民に任せるべきである。エチオピア、フィリピン、インドネシアの事例研究結果:持続可能な社会生態システムを達成するための最も重要な第1階層の変数は森林利用者の特性であり、続いてガバナンスの特性、森林の特性となった。第2階層の変数は、利用者の特性の中では、信用が群を抜いて重要性が高いことが共通していた。

  • A Study of the Inherent Restrictions in the Land Ownership from the Point of View of Natural Resource Management

    JSPS 

    Project Year :

    2013.04
    -
    2016.03
     

     View Summary

    We had held a workshops and a conference subcommittee,(e.g., “collaborative commons“ at University of Toyama in 2015) on our subject, (i.e., the inherent restrictions in the land ownership from the point of view of Natural Resource Management), with the cooperation of a number of researchers/scholars in the field of commons, sustainability, forestry management, and hydrology. Main outcomes of these activities are as follows;i) I had issued a paper “Landowners Liability and Hunters Access: Hunting on Private Land in Pennsylvania” in March 2015 (The journal of Economics Studies University of Toyama , 60(3) pp.27-63).ii) I had reported “An Analysis of the Rulemaking Process for Managing the Vacant Properties -For a better living in hilly and mountainous areas: A case of Toyota City” in January 2016. (issued on the Journal for Interdisciplinary Research on Community Life, Vol.7 pp.1-20 )

  • Institutional Options of Participatory Forest Management in a New Age: Integration of climate change policy and rural development policy

    Project Year :

    2012.04
    -
    2016.03
     

     View Summary

    Our study found out that the participatory forest management could not contribute much to poverty alleviation. We were forced to change the objectives to evaluate the programs of Asia countries in terms of achievement of triple benefit such as climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation, and poverty alleviation/livelihood maintenance. The results show that Restored Forest Ecosystem Management and Management of Customary Forest in Indonesia, Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) in the Philippines, Agroforestry and Social forestry, Restoration of Mangroves, and Restoration of Wetlands in India, Community Forestry and Establishment of Mixed Plantations in Bangladesh and Farmers Woodlots Management in Sri Lanka have high potential of achieving triple benefit and reasonably feasible to implement

  • A study on sustainable forest management in the village which population decreases intensely

    JSPS 

    Project Year :

    2010.04
    -
    2013.03
     

     View Summary

    To revitalize local societies, it is necessary to promote the society change which forms new identities in these societies. And "endogenous development" plays an important role to promote this society change. "Endogenous development" exists on a network of local inhabitants, and this network is tied up in "thought(bonds)" that is going to protect a local inhabitants common "important thing". The stronger such "thought" to protect an "important thing" becomes, the more vibrant will be the activities to protect an "important thing". And the more vibrant such activities to protect an "important thing" becomes, the more "local resources(the commons)" will be required

  • Conditions for Collaborative Forest Governance in accordance with the locality

    Project Year :

    2007.04
    -
    2011.03
     

     View Summary

    The research aims at clarifying the conditions to construct Collaborative Forest Governance at local government level. Intensive research(site I, West Kutai District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia) clarified importance of information sharing with stakeholders about the future land-cover changes and the technology for rational utilization of woody biomass resources. Intensive research(site II, Kanayama-cho, Yamagata prefecture, Japan) clarified importance of the human network based on landscape sharing and developed analytical model of the geological features of tourism

  • バングラデシュ、インド、スリランカにおけるゴム・アグロフォレストリーの比較研究

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費補助金

    Project Year :

    2007.04
    -
    2009.03
     

  • ラオスの森林管理における社会関係資本の相互作用の解明

    日本学術振興会 

    Project Year :

    2004.04
    -
    2006.03
     

     View Summary

    平成18年度は、Slippage論に焦点を当てた文献研究の結果をフィールドで確認しまとめる作業と、Slippage論をラオスで援用する為の解釈についてのとりまとめもおこなった。その上で最終的な成果となる論文作成の準備をおこなった。調査対象地(ラオス南部・サワンナケート県)での森林管理に関する現地調査をおこなった。地方行政による「目こぼし」的な対応については、これまでの研究成果同様に保護地域での森林管理については確認された。しかしながら、植林事業や木材伐採事業など営利的な事業における森林管理においては、むしろ地域住民に対して不利益を被る事態が散見されることが分かった。これよりSlippageは、地方行政個人に対して何らかの利益が発生する可能性のある事象について、その実施はきわめて乏しいと考えることが出来ると考えられるが、この事象の実態や構造については今後の研究課題としたい。ラオスにおけるSlippage論の大きな特徴は、Slippageの事象が法制度を遵守しないでおこるNegative Slippageのみであり、他の法レジームなどに置き換えるPositive Slippageは起こりえないことがわかった。これにはラオスがアメリカのように十分に行政機構のシステムが発達していないことが一因であるとした。また社会関係資本論、Slippage論と関連する日常の抵抗論、途上国の現地行政論、社会主義国の二重の従属論などの研究の一連のレビュー活動も完了した。現地調査の結果を受けて、文献研究の成果と照らし合わせ、その成果を博士論文の一部として取りまとめるとともに、投稿論文の準備をおこなっている

  • アジア諸国の緑化に資する制度的機構としての参加型森林管理

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費補助金

    Project Year :

    2003.04
    -
    2006.03
     

  • Formation of new actors to manage and use "satoyama" in terms of human network

    Project Year :

    2000.04
    -
    2003.03
     

     View Summary

    (1) Objectives of the research were a) to identify the conditions for various actors (or stakeholders) to construct human network for the management and use of "satoyama", b) to categorize the systems oto manage and use "satoyama", and c) to clarify the characteristics of each system.(2) We proposed the following framework to analyze the management of "satoyama" ; a) ownership of the land such as private, communal, and public, b) activities at "satoyama" such as recreation at pine and deciduous forests, and forestry at man-made forests, and c) main actors such as administrator initiated, local people initiated, and city dwellers initiated.(3) Our findings are summarized as that 1) the process of network construction varies among categories, 2) main actors who play an important role at initial stage are not always regarded as the main actors, and 3) local administrators play an important role at every category of the management of "satoyama"

  • Political ecology of participatory forest management

    Project Year :

    2000.04
    -
    2003.03
     

     View Summary

    (1) Objectives of the research were a) to evaluate the effectiveness of customary forest management systems by the local communities in Indonesia and Laos (study on cultural-ecology), and b) to clarify the condition of political-economic equilibrium after understanding the movement of various actors (or stakeholders) concerning to forest management and use (study on political economy to bridge he village and national level).(2) Research sites were three villages in the province of East Kalimantan, Indonesia, two villages in Oudomxai province and national Biodiversity Protected Area (NBCA) in Savannakhet province, Laos.(3) Result(a) In Indonesia, the local people still practice customary forest management effectively. Such systems can be regarded as "loose commons". Customary forest management by the local communities, however, is now in a critical situation, because various external actors (or stakeholders) entered into the forest region inn the transition era toward decentralization. In Laos, customary forest management by the local people have already been declined because of the effect of the long terra war disturbance, repeated migration of the villages, and control of the villages by communist regime. Instead, we found out that there are trails at village level to make clear regulation for the use of non wood forest products (NWFP). Such trial can be regarded as the process to construct "tight commons".(b) In Indonesia, it was found out that illegal logging was rampant while district governments were in conflict with central and provincial governments over the authority to control the forests. In Laos, it was fond out that the land/forest allocation projects were conducted without agreement by the communities and out of accordance with reality of the land use. We suggested that each stakeholder acts based on their own logic

  • 人間・環境ネットワークの変化と山村生活・自然環境保全との関係に関する研究

    日本生命財団  研究助成

    Project Year :

    1996.10
    -
    1997.09
     

  • Comparative study on National Park Systems in the world

    Project Year :

    1993.04
    -
    1996.03
     

     View Summary

    (1) Tropical countries have threats for protected areas management, generated from the attitude of people living in and around the area.(2) Importance of the rural development approach : As a result of regression analysis using data on 66 tropical countries, it is clarified that the improvement of economic standard in the rural areas is necessary for securing the protected areas.(3) According to the lessons from the regional development project in the world, it is clear that participatory approach is indispensable to the success of the rural development.(4) Problems : a) There are few buffer zones functioning effectively. b) Indigenous knowledge and technique is rarely applied in managing resources outside the protected areas. c) Few benefit from tourism are used for the management of the protected areas. d) Although many people want to construct roads as compensation, there are some cases where the threats to the protected area increase and the prices of commodities rise. e) Even in the projects to introduce participatory approach, rural people are regarded as passive beneficiaries.(5) Recommended research objectives : a) Field survey on the projects applying participatory approach. b) Studies on anthropological reserves and enclaves in the protected areas

  • Study on Forest Utilization Patterns in Southeast Asia : Changes in the Course of Socio-economic Development

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    According to the latest FAO statistics, we are loosing 15.4 million ha of tropical forests world-wide. Among these tropical deforestation, only 3.9 million ha, or one fourth is counted for by Asia and Pacific. Yet in terms of deforestation ratio to forest cover area, Asia and Pacific suffer more than the other regions. Especially, Continental South Eastern Asia poses 1.8%, and Insular South Eastern Asia, 1.4% whereas the world average is 0.8%.Comparing these situations, forest cover is now increasing in most developed countries, though they have had lost enormous amount of forest once. By the same token, we expect the same turn in developing countries. But WHEN and HOW?We choose the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia to study in depth. These countries belong to different stages of socio-economic development. According to United Nation's classification, Indonesia is classified as "low-income economies" with $570 per capita GNP in 1990 with its annual growth rate of 4.5% for the period of 1965-1990. The Philippines and Thailand belong to "middle-income economies" classification with $730 and $1,420 per capita income and 1.3% and 4.4% annual growth rates respectively.The Philippines almost used up its natural forests and now trying to restore it through social forestry approaches. The level of economic activities doesn't seem to affect deforestation there. In case of Thailand, economic growth brought about higher timber prices, which promotes tree farming with assistance of the government. Indonesia has relatively abundant amount of forest left. With this natural forest traditional shifting cultivation is being replaced by non-traditional and environmental disturbing type of slush and burn agriculture.We studied remote sensing techniques to estimate area of clearing forest and other disturbance in forest in Indonesia and area of new plantation in Thailand to evaluate the above said situations in each country

  • Econometric Analysis on the socio-economic mechanism of tropical deforestation

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    Tropical deforestation is considered to be the most important among the global environment problems. It is caused by many layered human activities, such as shifting cultivation, wood trade and other commercial logging, fire wood consumption and other local harvesting, conversion to arable and pasture lands, and fire. In this year's research, we have studied the mechanism of tropical deforestation through collected literature so that we have better understanding and we tried to build a econometric model.Currently Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO) is undertaking estimation of tropical forest resources, taking 1990 as study year. Although it was planned to publish the estimate in 1992, it has not been published yet. FAO itself recognized that the old data taking 1980 as study year and published in 1982 need revision, and the study using the old data would have limited meanings. As to the new data, FAO has reported a couple of interim reports. Regional figures, as sums of country data, were given there but country data themselves were not. Because of these data limitations, we cannot carry out full-scale econometric analysis. Instead we investigated the given data region wise.We have found that tropical deforestation is more apparent in South- Eastern Asia where economic growth is rapid than in Africa and Southern Asia where population growth is rapid. For fuelwood consumption population is a key factor and for industrial wood consumption a key factor is national income. Our finding that population increases have limited influence on tropical deforestation contradicts the ordinary belief that population pressure is the main cause of tropical deforestation.We would like to investigate more using inter-national data, as well as intra-national data to evaluate social movement of population

  • 海域世界の森と海-21世紀の東南アジアと日本

    日本学術振興会 

     View Summary

    平成3年度、4年度に続けて同じ研究課題で行った研究の最終年度にあたる本年度は、国内調査や研究会は最小限にとどめ、3年間の研究成果のまとめに集中した。国内調査は、平成4年度からの継続として、五島列島や沖縄本島で漁港の比較開発史や漁村の変容に関する調査を、岐阜県朝日村で焼畑跡地利用の調査を、そして和歌山県串本町で照葉樹林の観察調査を行った。また、研究会を2回開催した。一つは、東南アジア島嶼部の代表的な海域世界であるスールー海域についてのもので、同海域の歴史と現状、生活・生業の変化、海域世界研究の意義等を議論した。もう一つは森林に関するもので、インドネシア・カリマンタンの森林開発の現状と問題点を検討した。また、重点領域研究「文明と環境」の全体の企画として行われた全体討論集会や公開シンポジウムに研究組織のメンバーが随時参加した。平成5年度のこうした研究活動を含めて、この3年間の研究のなかから以下のような総合的な視点が研究組織のなかで共有できた。すなわち、(1)「普遍」に対する「個別」、「中心」に対する「周辺」という立場から「文明」を相対化する視点、(2)「森」と「海」そして両者の狭間の「野」の3つの世界で交差する人たちの生活の地平から環境問題や資源問題をとらえる視点、(3)「海」や「森」という現代の「辺境」から国民国家の枠組みを相対化する視点、である。そして、このような視点にたって、研究組織の全メンバーが「研究発表」欄に掲げたような研究成果を発表するとともに、研究組織全体の成果としては、論文9編を含む『海域世界の森と海』と題する研究成果報告書を刊行した

  • Uniqueness of Development in Southeast Asia

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    This project was organized by ten scholars who varied in their disciplines from development economics through political economy to forest sociology. Major topics are tow. One is the study of direction of economic development policies and developmental strategies which the governments in Southeast Asia have undertaken, and the other is the study of social response of each country to these government policies. "Developmental strategies" here do include not only industrialization but also promotion of rural development, urban planning and natural resources developement.initially we presuppose that each countly may show unique pattern of developement due to the differences in social response to "developmental strategies" in the process of transferring to more deepening market economy. According to this hypothesis, our member conducted intensive field research for three years in Southeast Asian countries together with China and Bangladesh.From these field research, we temporarily conclude that the uniqueness of development in Southeast Asia has been determined by three major elements, that is, (1) ecological factors in general and characteristics of delta formation in particular ; (2) institutional/organizational adjustment of each country to alleviate social conflict stemming from rapid industrialization ; and (3) the role of family and community which support stability and security of social life that the government has hardly touch on. Traditional approach has focussed on rational behavior of individuals and supplemental role of government when arguing economic development. The role of non-governmental institution, however, should not be neglected when discussing both economic growth and social stability

  • 地域発展の固有論理

    日本学術振興会 

     View Summary

    本年度は、4ヵ年の計画研究のとりまとめに重点をおいた。この研究の最終課題は、多様な地域における経済発展ないし市場経済の発達に、多様性があるということを明示的にとり出すことであった。そこで、固有論理に対立するものとして、普遍論理としての新古典派の市場経済論の批判的検討をおこなった。市場経済とは、多様な個別性を利潤というスカラー量に、一元的に還元していく商人によって作られ発達させられるものである。しかし、そこには新古典派が想定しているような予定調和が常に保証されているものではないことが明らかにされた。そこで、固有論理をとり出すべく、生態への適応として経済社会が形成されてくる道すじを生態・社会・経済力学の構図にそって明らかにした。海・野・森という生態に対応して資源利用・所有のあり方に特殊な型がみられ、かつそれが経済活動の組織化のプロトタイプないし責伝型であることを示した。そして、商人が中心となる

  • Forestries in Japan & Korea Affected by Environmental Issues

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    1996 : The field research to Korean and the Northwest of USA(1) With the timber export restrictions of the timber-production countries, Japan has increased imports of timber processing products and Korea has diversified the log import origins. As for the imports of timber processing products of both countries, the wooden board and panel are increasing instead of lumber and plywood.(2) The demands to forest recreation both in Japan and in Korea have been increasing for this decade.(3) In the northwest of USA, the protection movement to salmon has just begun. On the other hand, the business of timber processing industries, which were made severe with the timber felling limitation policy, have been improved by the relaxation on the felling limitation.1997 : The field research to the western part of Canada, the southern part of Korea, East-Kalimantan of Indonesia(1) Log production level of Canada was stable but the quality has been deteriorating. The earning rates of forest related companies have reduced by the enforcement of Forest Management Act in British Colombia.(2) In Japanese forestry regions, forestry management has been declining gradually. Forest owners intend to make special quality logs such as a polished fancy log and to extend cutting age.(3) In Korea, incorporation forestry business of officials and privates is developed to make the effective use and the improvement of the function on forest resources. The citizen is using wood products such as the sycamore sap and the chestnut in various ways. The repulsion of Korean mass communication to the felling and forestry road is strong.(4) Indonesia may start log export because the power of APKINDO has been declining under the counsel of IMF.Also, peoples in East-Kalimantan area were severely damaged as a result of the forest fire.1998 : The field research to the southern part of USA and New Zealand(1) Most of Southern yellow pine that was planted in the southern part of USA is coming cutting age and the production volume is increasing. Main targets of the supply are domestic market and the Caribbean Sea region. So, the supply to Japan and Korea will not increase conspicuously.(2) The log production and export in NZ are increasing rapidly with a background of plentiful Radiata pine forest. NZ is promoting export to China and South-east Asian countries instead of Australia who will be able to provide timber for herself.With the log export regulation policies and ban policies in the timber production countries, most of the forest related industries of Japan and Korea have been declining rapidly but the demand for forest recreaton is increasing

  • COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE LOCAL PERCEPTION OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND LANDSCAPES AMONG PEOPLES OF SARA WAK

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    The research assumes that anthropological study would reveal in concrete and detailed fashions the changing as well as constant aspects of perception of natural environment and landscapes among indigenous cultural communities in Sarawak. This would also contribute from the angle of humanities to the study of community development, which has been largely dominated by social sciences.As mainly anthropological research, each Japanese member of the research team selected one or two local communities of indigenous population. The selection of fieldwork areas was made according to each member's past research experience and knowledge of local language(s). As each Japanese member is familiar to at least one locally spoken language, usual anthropological method of participatory observation and of collection of oral information was smoothly carried out. In terms of ethnic groupings under the research objectives, the selections were specifically the Iban by Uchibori, the Kayan by Tsugami, -the Kelabit by Msuda, the Penan by Okuno and the Malay/Chinese-Indigenous peoples' mixed area in the Kemana by Ishikawa. Also urban Iban communities were studied by Peter Kedit, the former Director of Sarawak Museum.Our research was institutionally sponsored by Sarawak Development Institute

  • Studies on Forest Commons from the aspects of Communication and Theory of Civic Society

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    In order to approach the goal, we practiced mainly the following research works : 1)inviting totally three prominent scholars on "Commons" : a philosopher ; a sociologist ; and an economist, to have frank discussion with the project members ; 2)having five internal intensive discussion meetings on definition of "Commons" concept and its availability for natural resource management ; 3)group research tour visiting common lands and related public and private organizations in England ; 4)on-site survey in each member's research field.As outputs of the project, we promoted and managed a concurrent session on "Forest Commons" at the second half general meeting of the Japanese Forest Economics Society held at University of Tsukuba in the fall of 2004. Moreover an academic book was published and one more will be published soon by the members.As the title of the project shows, focal point of the study was some kind of reconciliation between Communitarism and theory of "civic society". In other words, we tried to combine our traditional academic knowledge and recognition on Iriai communal forest which is the well-known type of "tight" commons in the world with our increasing concerns with recent prevailing civic movement protecting and managing man-made or semi-natural woodlots. We might also concern with expanding sphere of definition of commons using the word like "global" commons or "cyber" commons. Major disputed points were those : 1)should commons be productive? ; 2)should commons be local or regional? ; 3)what is the relationship between commons and governance?In consequence, we have not succeeded to directly solve the questions and to connect the traditional commons and the newly emerging commons yet. Preferably, we can say that the term "commons" is used quite variously and how to define it depends on users. As we sub-titled the session at the last fall's JFES conference "Using Commons concept as a tool for understanding", we can conclude that the idea of commons on ownership and natural resource management is very crucial for establishment of local environmental governance

  • Management of Local Commons in the Age of Globalization

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    Our project team conducted both theoretical surveys on the commons and field studies in Japan as well as foreign countries. As a result, it concluded that it is fundamentally important for well-organized community with rich natural resource to adopt the two strategies; 1) collaborative governance, 2) resistant approach to external impact. Collaborative governance is defined by Makoto Inoue that long-enduring resource management system should be built up through cooperation and collaboration with such outside actors as NPOs, municipalities and so on. Conversely the resistant approach conceptualized by Gaku Mitsumata and Haruo Saito is the response to hostile external actors that impose only a negative impact on the commons.Clarification of the design principles for complementary environmental resource policies integrated with 1) collaborative governance and 2) resistant approach remains as a matter to be discussed further

  • Relationships among stakeholders for Tropical Satoyama governance

    JSPS 

     View Summary

    Loss and degradation of tropical rain forests have progressed. A key of the conservation is management of Tropical Satoyama which has been managed by indigenous people living in and around the tropical rain forests. This research aims at relationship between stakeholders of the Tropical Satoyama, in order to examine well governance of the Satoyama. Three main research sites were established in Indonesia and Malaysia. As results of this research, concerning the governance of Tropical Satoyama, importance of linking between inside communities of the Satoyama is pointed out. A key issue in the linking is focusing to" knowledge" of the communities of the inside and outsid

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Presentations

  • ナッジの主体とレジティマシー:自然資源利用・管理の環境社会学より

    井上真  [Invited]

    環境三学会合同シンポジウム「環境配慮行動とナッジ―その可能性と陥穽」  (オンライン)  環境社会学会、環境法政策学会、環境経済・政策学会

    Presentation date: 2022.07

    Event date:
    2022.07
     
     
  • ローカルな取り組みのグローバルな価値付けと留意点

    井上真  [Invited]

    JIFPRO 公開WEBセミナー 日本の「ちえ」で途上国の森林減少を止めSDGsに貢献するには  (東京(オンライン))  国際緑化推進センター(JIFPRO)

    Presentation date: 2022.02

  • Community Social Capital for the Conservation of Forest Biodiversity in Forest Park Register 19, Lampung Province, Indonesia.

    Christine Wulandari, Makoto Inoue, Irwan Sukri Banuwa, Pitojo Budiono[International coauthorship]

    Forest 2021: Symposium on Multi-Stakeholders’ Engagement in Forest/Protected Area Governance for Conservation and Livelihoods  (ONLINE)  Organized by Malaysian Nature Society, Hosted by University of Nottingham Malaysia, Supported by Universiti Putra Malaysia

    Presentation date: 2021.08

    Event date:
    2021.08
     
     
  • Keynote Speech - Significance of participation in protected area governance: Implications from case studies in the Heart of Borneo.

    Makoto Inoue  [Invited]

    Forest 2021: Symposium on Multi-Stakeholders’ Engagement in Forest/Protected Area Governance for Conservation and Livelihoods  (ONLINE)  Organized by Malaysian Nature Society, Hosted by University of Nottingham Malaysia, Supported by Universiti Putra Malaysia

    Presentation date: 2021.08

    Event date:
    2021.08
     
     
  • 保護地域「協治」の理念的・実態的な意義:ボルネオ中央部の事例比較より

    井上真

    第132回日本森林学会大会 

    Presentation date: 2021.03

  • Opening address on behalf of International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC)

    Makoto Inoue  [Invited]

    IASC-RIHN Online Workshop on Commons, Post-development and Degrowth in Asia  (Zoom)  International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC) and Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN)

    Presentation date: 2020.07

  • Assessing multi-level policies for conservation of the Heart of Borneo as ‘dual’ commons.

    Makoto Inoue, Noriko Okubo, Yukari Takamura

    XVII Biennial IASC-Conference ‘In Defense of the Commons: Challenges, Innovation, and Action’  (Lima)  IASC (International Association for the Study of the Commons)

    Presentation date: 2019.07

  • Chair: Local commons and their future in globalized conservation and climate policies: cases from the Heart of Borneo in Indonesia.

    Makoto Inoue

    XVII Biennial IASC-Conference ‘In Defense of the Commons: Challenges, Innovation, and Action’  (Lima)  IASC (International Association for the Study of the Commons)

    Presentation date: 2019.07

  • 国立公園の協働管理における住民参画の現状と課題 —ボルネオ島におけるインドネシアとマレーシアの国立公園を事例として

    角田一樹, 藤井紘司, 寺内大左, Ndan Imang・Martinus Nanang, Peter Voo・Tapan, Kumar Nath, 大久保規子, 井上真

    第29回日本熱帯生態学会年次大会  (北海道大学、札幌)  日本熱帯生態学会

    Presentation date: 2019.06

  • SDGsによる社会変革における環境社会学の役割

    井上真

    第59回環境社会学会大会  (明治学院大学白金校舎、東京)  環境社会学会

    Presentation date: 2019.06

  • Current Social Problems in Japan and Its Implications to the Studies of the Commons

    Makoto Inoue  [Invited]

    Invited lecture  (Selangor Darul Ehsan)  School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, The University of Nottingham Malaysia

    Presentation date: 2019.04

  • ボルネオ島中央部生態系保全へのSDG等国際枠組みの活用―参加原則に関するインドネシアおよびマレーシアの比較検討

    井上真, 藤井紘司, 角田一樹, 寺内大左, 大久保規子

    林業経済学会 2018年秋季大会  (筑波大学、茨城県つくば市)  林業経済学会

    Presentation date: 2018.11

  • Current Social Problems in Japan and Its Implications to the Studies of the Commons

    Makoto Inoue  [Invited]

    24 hours of global noon-hour webinars, World Commons Week  (Internet)  The International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC)

    Presentation date: 2018.10

  • Chair: Physical Infrastructure and Environmental Hazards: A Burdensome Legacy of Modernity

    Makoto Inoue

    19th International Sociological Association (ISA)’s World Congress of Sociology  (Metro Toronto Convention Center, Toronto)  International Sociological Association (ISA)

    Presentation date: 2018.07

  • Principles for Collaborative Governance -- Based on experiences of Forest Management in Asian Countries.

    Makoto Inoue

    National Association Session, 19th International Sociological Association (ISA)’s World Congress of Sociology  (Metro Toronto Convention Center, Toronto)  International Sociological Association (ISA)

    Presentation date: 2018.07

  • Key Note Speech: Theoretical Implication of Current Social Problems in Japan to the Studies of the Commons.

    Makoto Inoue

    Asia Regiona Biennial Meeting, The International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC)  (Aisan Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok)  The International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC)

    Presentation date: 2018.07

  • 超学際にコミットする地域研究者の役割を考える

    井上真  [Invited]

    2017年度JCAS年次集会・公開シンポジウム「フューチャー・アースと地域研究者の協力の可能性」  (仙台)  東北大学東北アジア研究センター/地域研究コンソーシアム

    Presentation date: 2017.10

  • 学際的な研究・教育の理念と実践:「コモンズ論」の生成・発展プロセスに学ぶ

    井上真

    農学国際専攻創立20周年記念シンポジウム「グローバル社会の中で農学はどこへ向かうのか?」  (東京)  東京大学大学院農学生命科学研究科農学国際専攻

    Presentation date: 2017.02

  • 人的ネットワークが地域社会の活性化に果たす役割について 岩手県沢内村山村集落を例に

    奥田裕規, 立花敏, 大松美帆, 久保山裕史, 横田康裕, 井上真

    日本林学会大会学術講演集 

    Presentation date: 2000.03

    Event date:
    2000.03
     
     

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Specific Research

  • 開発の中で生き抜くボルネオ先住民:ライフストーリーの素描

    2017  

     View Summary

    目的:本研究は、NI氏のライフストーリーを素描することを目的とした。彼は、ボルネオ中央高地で生まれ幼少期を過ごした後、家族に連れられて低地に移住し、その後国立大学の教員になった。1990年代後半に井上と知り合い、共同研究の仲間となった。そして、JSPS論博事業に応募・採択され、2009年度に東京大学から博士(農学)を授与された。Kenyah人としては2番目の学位取得者であり、希有なケースである。方法:まずはNI氏に自身のライフストーリーを書いてもらい、それを読んだうえでインタビューを実施した。結果:暫定的に次のような題名および目次で書籍を執筆することを検討している。A long journey from the jungle of Borneo to Tokyo: A life historyof an indigenous Kenyah Dayak man./ Introduction/ Chapter.1:Born in Long Dumu, Apau Kayan-The lost Village in the jungle of Borneo/ Chapter.2:Family background and Culture -Wereancestors head-hunter?/ Chapter.3:Childhood -Being afraid of the airplane/ Chap.4: Elementary School -Being afraid ofspanking/ Chap.5:Junior HighSchool -Five-days walk to school through wild jungle/ Chapter 6: Junior and Senior High School -Inferioritycomplex as a Dayak/ Chapter 7: Gettingjob at Mulawarman University and marriage/ Chap.8: Encounter with a Japanese scholar -Beyondhis dream/ Afterwords現時点での課題:Ndan氏のライフストーリーの素描が完了した段階であり、まだメインとなる社会的テーマ・仮説を見いだすには至っていない。今後の展望:今後はさらなるインタビューを通して、NI氏のライフストーリーから何らかのテーマを見いだしたい。そのうえで、NI氏のライフストーリーを主軸としながら、同世代の井上(日本の高度経済成長期に生まれ育った)のライフストーリーを織り込み、かけ離れた幼少期の経験を持つ二人の人生が交差し互いに影響を与え合う交流の物語を英語書籍として出版したい。

 

Syllabus

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Committee Memberships

  • 2020.11
    -
    Now

    Japan Environmental Council (JEC)  Representative Director

  • 2020.10
    -
    Now

    Science Council of Japan  Associate member

  • 2020.07
    -
    Now

    Japan International Forestry Promotion and Cooperation Center (JIFPRO)  Director

  • 2017.04
    -
    Now

    The Daido Life Foundation  Selection committee member, the Award for Area Studies

  • 2017.03
    -
    Now

    Forest Economic Research Institute  Councilor

  • 2017.03
    -
    Now

    Hasanuddin University  Editorial Board Member of "Forest and Society"

  • 2015.04
    -
    Now

    Pro Natura Foundation Japan  Selection committee member

  • 2015.04
    -
    Now

    The Forest Culture Association  Chair, The Research Committee for Forest Environment

  • 2013.10
    -
    Now

    College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Banos  Editorial Board Members, Ecosystems & Development Journal

  • 2013.07
    -
    Now

    Elsevier  Editorial Board Member of"Forest Policy and Economics"

  • 2011.05
    -
    Now

    Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode (IIMK)  Editorial Board Member of "IIMK Kozhikode Society & Management Review"

  • 2016.04
    -
    2020.11

    Japan Environmental Council (JEC)  Vice chairperson of the board of directors

  • 2017.08
    -
    2018.08

    Taylor & Francis  Associate Editor of "Society & Natural Resources(SNR)"

  • 2012.11
    -
    2015.03

    国際協力機構  「ミャンマー経済改革支援」に関する支援委員会委員

  • 2003.04
    -
    2015.03

    (財)森林文化協会  森林環境研究会・幹事

  • 2009.11
    -
    2014.03

    科学技術振興機構 (JST)  地球規模課題対応国際科学技術協力事業(SATREPS) 審査委員会委員(研究分野:生物資源)

  • 2012.04
    -
    2013.03

    環境省地球環境局  環境研究企画委員会・第4研究分科会委員

  • 2009.04
    -
    2012.03

    環境省地球環境局  地球環境研究企画委員会・第3研究分科会(広域的な生態系保全・再生)委員

  • 2009.04
    -
    2011.03

    国際科学技術財団  研究助成選考委員会「生物生産・生命環境」部会委員

  • 2009.04
    -
    2011.03

    千葉県  美しいちばの森林づくり検討会議・委員

  • 2009.04
    -
    2010.03

    国連大学高等研究所  「里山里海のサブグローバル評価(里山・里海SGA)」の調査役代表執筆者(CLA)

  • 2006.04
    -
    2010.03

    トヨタ財団  「アジア隣人ネットワーク」選考委員会・委員

  • 2007.04
    -
    2008.03

    外務省  環境・気候変動分野の開発協力に係る有識者会議委員

  • 2004.04
    -
    2008.03

    日産科学財団  研究助成選考委員会・委員

  • 2003.04
    -
    2004.03

    国際協力事業団  森林環境分野プロジェクト方式技術協力国内委員会委員

  • 2003.04
    -
    2004.03

    外務省  「対インドネシア国別援助計画」アドバイザー

  • 2002.04
    -
    2003.03

    朝日新聞社・アジアネットワーク(AAN)  客員研究員

  • 1998.04
    -
    2001.03

    国際協力事業団  国別援助研究会(インドネシア)委員

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Social Activities

  • DVD「熱帯雨林って何だろう?―インドネシア」

    (財)大阪国際交流センター/NHKきんきメディアプラン 

    1997.09
    -
     

Media Coverage

  • 座談会:地域に根ざした自然保護

    Promotional material

    自然保護助成財団   『pro natura ニュース』No. 29  

    座談会(p.5-9)  

    2019.11

  • 地域の人々が主役となった国際コモンズ学会北富士大会:震災後の復旧・復興に、有効だった地元と外部との協働

    Newspaper, magazine

    森林文化協会   『グリーン・パワー』  

    寄稿(p.4-5)  

    2013.08

  • 知識探訪−多民族社会の横顔を読む「変わりゆくボルネオ、戦争の記憶」

    Newspaper, magazine

    『The Daily NNA(アジア経済情報誌):マレーシア版』10面  

    寄稿  

    2012.07

  • 朝日地球環境フォーラム2011「国際森林年特別セッション」

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊5面  

    パネリストとして  

    2011.09

  • Environment and Development: Risks of Overemphasis on CO2 Reduction

    Internet

    Asahi Shimbun Asia & Japan Watch Forum: Dispatches from AAN  

    2010.05

  • 開発と環境:CO2削減偏重に危うさ

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊15面  

    寄稿  

    2010.05

  • 座談会:信頼と協働のアジアへ

    Promotional material

    トヨタ財団   『JOINT』5号  

    座談会(p.4-10)  

    2010

  • 東京発、元気・甲州人「地上目線で森林管理」

    Newspaper, magazine

    『山梨日日新聞』朝刊5面  

    インタビュー記事  

    2009.08

  • 地球環境のいま、そして100年後:木を植え、二酸化炭素を減らし、人々の生活をも支える-マダガスカルの地に見る、植林CDMの可能性

    Promotional material

    王子製紙   『森の響(もりのうた)』Vol.47  

    インタビュー記事(p.17-21)  

    2008.09

  • 森でひろったこぼれ話 03:焼き畑は、森を・・・?

    Promotional material

    王子製紙   『森の響(もりのうた)』Vol.47  

    インタビュー記事(p.29)  

    2008.09

  • 環境教室-共有地の悲劇

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』夕刊14面  

    インタビュー記事  

    2008.06

  • 東大解剖(第3部):出前授業地元校で定着

    Newspaper, magazine

    『讀賣新聞』朝刊18面  

    インタビュー記事  

    2007.03

  • 環境ルネサンス「森が盗まれる事情」ーまず「買わない」体制作り

    Newspaper, magazine

    『讀賣新聞』朝刊33面  

    インタビュー記事  

    2006.08

  • 第6回「明日への環境賞」受賞5団体ー日本環境会議

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊19面  

    理事として授賞式に参加  

    2005.04

  • 著者に聞く:人と森の環境学

    Newspaper, magazine

    『東京大学新聞』2面  

    インタビュー記事  

    2005.02

  • 駒場の授業16選―人間環境一般「農学の挑戦:国際協力」井上真教授

    Promotional material

    東京大学新聞社   『東大2006:こうみえても東大です』  

    授業紹介(p.74-75)  

    2005

  • Why are tropical forests being destroyed?

    Newspaper, magazine

    Jiji Gaho Sha  

    Interview (p.36-39)  

    2004.01

  • 発言席:アジアの環境回復は協治で

    Newspaper, magazine

    『毎日新聞』朝刊  

    寄稿  

    2003.12

  • 新コモンズで協働の輪を

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊  

    寄稿  

    2003.10

  • 統治から協治へ-住民参加の森林政策を:インドネシアの熱帯雨林から考える

    Newspaper, magazine

    『論座』  

    寄稿(p.46-53)  

    2003.08

  • Diverse management of Indonesian forests - A new governor gives locals a greater say in their resources

    Newspaper, magazine

    2003.04

  • 多様な『かかわり』森林守る~住民軸に外部からも参加

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊  

    寄稿  

    2003.03

  • 森林科学トップアスリート「この人に学べ! 鉄人・達人・ホープ・ユニーク・超人」井上真ー熱帯林保護の急先鋒

    Promotional material

    河合塾(編)『わかる!学問:環境・バイオの最前線ー大学・研究者ランキング』  

    2003

  • Power of residents needed in forestry issue - Forests are not protected because of the failures of experts and other mistakes

    Newspaper, magazine

    International Herald Tribune and the Asahi Shimbun  

    2002.09

  • 農園開発で火災頻発~伐採・植林、消える熱帯林

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊  

    寄稿  

    2002.08

  • 地球のカルテ:環境開発サミットー森林破壊

    Newspaper, magazine

    『日本経済新聞』朝刊15面  

    インタビュー記事  

    2002.07

  • 朝日新聞アジアネットワーク(AAN)新年度客員研究員に4氏

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊1面  

    2002.03

  • 地域から地球へ:「持続可能な開発」進まずNGOとの連携が有効

    Newspaper, magazine

    『毎日新聞』朝刊25面  

    インタビュー記事  

    2002.01

  • 座談会:自然と農村の再生

    Newspaper, magazine

    岩波書店   『環境と公害』31(4)  

    座談会(p.44-50)  

    2002

  • 座談会:環境学をどう構築するか

    Newspaper, magazine

    岩波書店   『環境と公害』30(3)  

    座談会(p.40-47)  

    2001

  • 座談会:自然保護行政はどうあるべきか

    Newspaper, magazine

    岩波書店   『環境と公害』29(4)  

    座談会(p.39-46)  

    2000

  • 東大・鉄人名鑑「森林政策学ー井上真」

    Promotional material

    東京大学新聞社   『東大99』  

    インタビュー記事(p.158-159)  

    1998

  • 座談会:アジア環境白書(創刊)の編集を終えて

    Newspaper, magazine

    岩波書店   『環境と公害』27(4)  

    座談会(p.31-37)  

    1998

  • 「対岸の火事」ではない地球温暖化:インドネシア森林火災が招く’恐怖のシナリオ

    Newspaper, magazine

    『フライデー』14巻44号、通巻710号  

    インタビュー記事(p.74-75)  

    1997.10

  • インドネシア森林大火災の解説(2)

    TV or radio program

    テレビ朝日   久米宏「ニュースステーション」  

    出演  

    1997.10

  • インドネシア森林大火災の解説(1)

    TV or radio program

    テレビ朝日   久米宏「ニュースステーション」  

    出演  

    1997.09

  • The disappearing forests of Indonesia

    Newspaper, magazine

    The Japan Times, 17面  

    Interview  

    1996.05

  • 短評:井上真著「焼畑と熱帯林」

    Newspaper, magazine

    『讀賣新聞』朝刊11面  

    著書紹介  

    1996.01

  • 論説空間:熱帯林問題の研究と教育への林政学的アプローチ

    Newspaper, magazine

    『東京大学新聞』1994年11月1日付  

    寄稿  

    1994.11

  • 東大の青春群像「井上真-熱帯林の研究:’そこに住む人’とともに熱帯林を見つめる

    Promotional material

    東京大学新聞社   『スーパーカタログ:東京大学'94』  

    インタビュー記事(p.52-54)  

    1993

  • 論壇:熱帯林保全に求められる視点

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊  

    寄稿  

    1992.07

  • 座談会:身近な生活から見えてくる『南』と『北』

    Newspaper, magazine

    岩波書店   『世界』569号(1992年6月号)  

    p.97-107  

    1992.06

  • ハロー研究室「現場主義で熱帯雨林守る」東大農学部林政学研究室

    『讀賣新聞』夕刊18面  

    インタビュー記事  

    1992.02

  • 特集:先進国の開発が焼畑を変えた―伝統的焼畑に学ぶ

    Newspaper, magazine

    『TERRA』第2巻第2号  

    インタビュー記事(p.75-79)  

    1992.02

  • 日曜喫茶室「僕の新世界生活」

    TV or radio program

    NHK-FM  

    ゲスト(オスマン・サンコン、井上真)  

    1992.01

  • Who's killing the rain forests?

    Newspaper, magazine

    Japan Views Quarterly, Autumn/Winter 1992, Vol.1, No.3/4  

    p.12-13  

    1992

  • クローズアップ地球環境(後編):熱帯雨林を救うために―ボルネオに飛び込んで実態調査―井上真さん

    Newspaper, magazine

    『中二 Challenge』第551号  

    インタビュー記事(p.12-16)  

    1991.12

  • 自著1000字コメント「熱帯雨林の生活」

    Newspaper, magazine

    『地上』  

    寄稿(p.234)  

    1991.11

  • 地球人登場:体を使って調査したボルネオ-井上真さん

    Newspaper, magazine

    『CAT CROSS AND TALK』9巻12号、通巻114号  

    インタビュー記事(p.105-107)  

    1991.10

  • こんにちはー「熱帯雨林の生活」を書いた井上真さん

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日ジャーナル』33巻38号(通巻1713号)  

    インタビュー記事(p.59)  

    1991.09

  • この本この人『熱帯雨林の生活』井上真さん

    Newspaper, magazine

    『讀賣新聞』朝刊10面  

    インタビュー記事  

    1991.08

  • ほん:井上真著「熱帯雨林の生活ーボルネオの焼畑民とともに」

    Newspaper, magazine

    『毎日新聞』朝刊 科学面  

    インタビュー記事  

    1991.08

  • らいたあ登場『熱帯雨林の生活』井上真さん

    Newspaper, magazine

    『朝日新聞』朝刊15面  

    インタビュー記事  

    1991.07

  • <特集・地球の環境は>熱帯林・再生への道

    Newspaper, magazine

    『フォト』  

    インタビュー記事(p.3-11)  

    1989.10

  • よみがえれ!熱帯雨林~ボルネオ奥地に’森の謎’を探る

    TV or radio program

    TBSテレビ  

    出演(現地での研究活動を紹介)  

    1988.09

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