MORIOKA, Masahiro

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Human Sciences, School of Human Sciences

Job title

Professor

Homepage URL

http://www.lifestudies.org/jp

Profile

哲学者。1958年生まれ。早稲田大学人間科学部教授。

Concurrent Post 【 display / non-display

  • Faculty of Human Sciences   School of Human Sciences (Online Degree Program)

  • Faculty of Human Sciences   Graduate School of Human Sciences

  • Faculty of Social Sciences   Graduate School of Social Sciences

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

  • Faculty of Science and Engineering   Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering

Education 【 display / non-display

  • 1977.04
    -
    1988.03

    University of Tokyo   Ethics  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • 2015.02   Osaka Prefecture University   human science

Research Experience 【 display / non-display

  • 2015.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Human Sciences   Professor

  • 2015.03
    -
    Now

    Osaka Prefecture University   Emeritus Professor

  • 2016.04
    -
    2016.09

    Visiting Professor, University of Tokyo   Faculty of Letters

  • 2014.10
    -
    2015.03

    Kyoto University   Faculty of Letters

  • 1998.04
    -
    2015.03

    Professor, Osaka Prefecture University

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Professional Memberships 【 display / non-display

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    日本臨床死生学会

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    日本哲学会

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    日本生命倫理学会

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    応用哲学会

 

Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Philosophy and ethics

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • Philosophy of life, Bioethics, Metaphysics, Applied ethics, Comparative philosophy

Papers 【 display / non-display

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Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • Philosophy and Meaning in Life: International Perspectives Vol.1

    Masahiro Morioka( Part: Edit)

    Journal of Philosophy of Life  2019.06 ISBN: 9784990866839

  • 完全版 宗教なき時代を生きるために

    森岡正博( Part: Sole author)

    法藏館  2019.04

  • 運命論を哲学する

    森岡正博( Part: Joint author)

    明石書店  2019.04

  • Nihilism and the Meaning of Life : A Philosophical Dialogue with James Tartaglia

    Masahiro Morioka( Part: Edit)

    Journal of Philosophy of Life  2017.07 ISBN: 9784990866822

  • Reconsidering Meaning in Life : A Philosophical Dialogue with Thaddeus Metz

    Masahiro Morioka( Part: Edit)

    2015.10 ISBN: 9784990866808

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Misc 【 display / non-display

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Awards 【 display / non-display

  • テレコム社会科学賞

    1993  

Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • Meaning of Life and the Metaphysics of Death: the Possibilities of Analytic Existentialism and a Critical Examination of it

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2024.03
     

  • A Critical Study of Anti-natalist Philosophy in Terms of Birth-Affirmation

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2023.03
     

  • Governance of Renewable Energy Project

    Project Year :

    2017.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • A Preliminary Research on the Philosophy and Ethics of Life From the Viewpoints of Dignity and Meaning

    Project Year :

    2017.04
    -
    2020.03
     

  • Analytical Existential Study of Meaning of Life and its Implementation to Applied Ethics

    Project Year :

    2016.04
    -
    2019.03
     

     View Summary

    In this research project, we examined the analytical philosophical approach of recent works treating the problems of "meaning of/in life". We proceeded with meta-analysis of this issue on the works by T. Metz, which is the exhaustive analysis of the relevant books and papers on this topic and we reviewed critically the conclusions he derived from it. Furthermore, by examining the related ideas, such as ‘the anti-natalism’ of D.Betatar, and ‘metaphysics of death’, we outlined the structure of "analytical existentialism" and clarified what was asked in the related questions. In particular, we found some difficulties in the distinction between the subjectivism and the objectivism, which is frequently used in this argument, and in the structure of this argument which is based on the truth condition

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Presentations 【 display / non-display

  • Tokyo School after Omori and Hiromatsu

    Masahiro Morioka

    International Association for Japanese Philosophy "Kyoto School, Tokyo School, and Beyond"  (Honolulu)  International Association for Japanese Philosophy

    Presentation date: 2019.10

  • Two Kinds of Impossibility in the Comparison of Meaning in Life

    Masahiro Morioka

    Second International Conference on Philosophy and Meaning in Life  (Tokyo)  International Conference on Philosophy and Meaning in Life

    Presentation date: 2019.10

  • The Ontological Status of the Deceased Person Who Continues to Appear in this World

    Masahiro Morioka  [Invited]

    Life, death and meaning - Eastern and Western perspectives  (Birmingham)  University of Birmingham

    Presentation date: 2019.09

  • The Ontological Status of Deceased Persons in Some Contemporary Japanese Philosophical Texts

    Masahiro Morioka  [Invited]

    Fifth Annual Conference for European Network of Japanese Philosophy  (Nagoya)  European Network of Japanese Philosophy

    Presentation date: 2019.08

  • The Dialectic of Human Technology and Naturalness

    Masahiro Morioka  [Invited]

    Does Nature Think? (Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)  (Paris)  Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

    Presentation date: 2019.06

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Specific Research 【 display / non-display

  • 反出生主義から見た人生の意味の哲学

    2020  

     View Summary

    反出生主義の哲学について思想史的研究と同時代の言説の研究を行なった。思想史的研究については、古代ギリシア、古代インドの反出生主義的思想を調査し、それらがショーペンハウアーの哲学思想に結実した経緯を明らかにし、さらに現代的な快苦の非対称性に注目する反出生主義の哲学へとつながったことを論じた。この研究成果は『生まれてこないほうが良かったのか?-生命の哲学へ!』(筑摩選書)として刊行した。また、同時代の言説として多様な反出生主義の思想があることを調査し、それらをカテゴライズする試みを行なった。その成果は2021年中に論文として刊行する予定である。

  • 「人生の意味の哲学」に関する基盤的研究

    2019  

     View Summary

    「人生の意味の哲学」に関する研究を遂行した。まず、2019年10月7日~9日に早稲田大学において、第2回「人生の意味の哲学」国際会議を私が大会長として開催し、この分野に関する先端的な討議を行なった。次いで、学術誌Journal of Philosophy of LifeにてPhilosophy and Meaning in Lifeの特集号を刊行した。この特集号には、私の論文"A Solipsistic and Affirmation-Based Approach to Meaning in Life"も掲載された。本論文において、人生の意味の哲学に「独在的存在者」の視点と、「誕生肯定」の視点を導入するという新提案を行なった。さらに、10月12日にハワイ大学で開催された日本哲学国際学会にて、大森荘蔵以降の東京学派について研究発表を行ない、人生の意味の哲学の主体は誰かについての日本哲学における展開を考察した。

  • 「人生の意味」に関する分析哲学的研究

    2018  

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    研究計画に沿って「人生の意味」に関する分析哲学的研究を行なった。世界の最新の研究を吸収しながら、独在論的かつ誕生肯定的な人生の意味について哲学的な分析を行なった。この視座を最初に切り開いたのはニーチェであり、それを展開したのはフランクルである。私は彼らの遺産を継承しつつ、「独在」と「肯定」の意味について新たな考察を行ない、2018年8月に北海道大学で行なわれた第1回「人生の意味の哲学」国際会議において基調講演を行なった。その発表内容は2019年に論文として刊行される。また、人称的世界の哲学における「ペルソナの次元」と「シェアの次元」の関わりについても考察を行なった。

  • 生命倫理学における「生の意味」に関する哲学的基盤研究

    2016  

     View Summary

    This fiscal year I tackled the trolleyproblem from the viewpoint of philosophy of life and concluded that the trolleyproblem has its own unique problem, “the problem of the trolley problem.” I discussedfive aspects of “the problem of the trolley problem;” that is to say, “Rarity,”“Inevitability,” “Safety Zone,” “Possibility of Becoming a Victim,” and “Lackof Perspective of the Dead Victims Who Were Deprived of Freedom of Choice,” indetail. Then, I argued that those who talk about the trolley problem areautomatically placed in the sphere of the expectation of response on thespiritual level. I gave a presentation on this topic at the annual conferenceof Japanese Association on Applied Philosophy. A paper that fully discussesthis topic is currently under review at a journal. Secondly, I wrote a paper onViktor Frankl’s “Copernican Turn” on meaning in life in his book Man’s Searchfor Meaning (...trotzdem Ja sum Leben sagen). In his philosophy, meaning inlife exists in the “responsibleness” of a human being who tries to answerquestions asked by his irreplaceable life itself daily and hourly. It became clearthat responsibleness is the true key to Frankl’s thoughts on meaning.

  • 「人間のいのちの尊厳」と「ペルソナ」に関する基礎的研究

    2015  

     View Summary

    This fiscal year I studied the concept of human dignity from the perspective of "meaning in life" and concluded that there is the layer of "the heart of meaning in life," which cannot be compared, in principle, with other people's meaning in life. Using Thaddeus Metz's book Meaning in Life as an example, I demonstrated that the objectivist approach to the meaning of life is destined to fail to grasp this layer. I edited the book Reconsidering Meaning in Life, with the help of Metz, and published it as a digital form. With regard to the concept of persona and its relation to Buddhist thoughts, I did research on the concept from the perspective of philosophy of mind and found some interesting themes of discussion, but I have not reached any clear conclusions. I am intending to further continue researching on it.

Overseas Activities 【 display / non-display

  • 人生の意味の哲学に関する国際的基盤研究

    2020.04
    -
    2021.03

    英国   バーミンガム大学(コロナのため未渡航)

 

Syllabus 【 display / non-display

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Social Activities 【 display / non-display

  • 参議院厚生労働委員会参考人招致

    参議院  厚生労働委員会 

    2009
    -
     

     View Summary

    臓器移植法改正について専門家としての意見を述べた。

  • 新聞・テレビ等多数

    新聞・テレビ等 

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    多数