Updated on 2022/09/25

写真a

 
KITANO, Naohiro
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Science and Engineering, Global Center for Science and Engineering
Job title
Professor(without tenure)
Profile

Professor, Global Center for Science and Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2018-present
Director, JICA Research Institute, 2016-2018
Deputy-Director, JICA Research Institute, 2012-2016
Director General, East and Central Asia and the Caucasus Department, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), 2008-2012
Director General/Deputy Director General, Development Assistance Department II, Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), 2005-2008
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University, 2003-2005
Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), 1999-2003
Served as Director, Development Assistance Department II; Director, Development Policy Research Division; and Director, Research Institute for Development and Finance.
Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund, Japan (OECF), 1983-1999
Served as Director, Sector Studies, Research Institute of Development Assistance (RIDA); Advisor, Coordination Department; and Representative, Beijing Representative Office.
Visiting Fellow, JICA Research Institute, 2018-present
Adjunct Lecturer, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2014- 2017
Senior Research Fellow, Project Center, Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University, September 2010-present
Adjunct Lecturer, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Soka University, 2010-present

Research Institute

  • 2020
    -
    2022

    理工学術院総合研究所   兼任研究員

Education

  •  
    -
    1997

    Cornell University   City and Regional Planning Department  

  •  
    -
    1983

    Waseda University   Faculty of Science and Engineering   Civil Engineering Department  

Degree

  • Cornell University   Ph.D.

Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    JAPAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS

  •  
     
     

    THE CITY PLANNING INSTITUTE OF JAPAN

  •  
     
     

    THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

 

Research Areas

  • International relations   International cooperation, China's foreign aid

  • Civil engineering plan and transportation engineering   City and regional planning

Research Interests

  • City planning

  • Regional planning

  • International cooperation

  • China

Papers

  • Comparison of Smart City Development in Japan and China by Text Mining Analysis

    Dixin Liu, Akinori Morimoto, Naohiro Kitano

    Journal of Physics: Conference Series   1972 ( 1 )  2021.07

     View Summary

    With the information technology development, Smart city has become popular worldwide in recent years. However, the applications of smart cities are diversified among countries to achieve different objectives. This research compared how the smart city concept has been applied differently in China and Japan, two major economies in East Asia, through text mining techniques on relevant journal articles. The journal articles in either countries are analyzed by software, KH-Coder, which automatically extracts word, count the frequency of each word then using statistic method to classify and find the relationship among each high-frequency word. The results imply that in the case of Japan, energy efficiency in local level is a primary focus while the smart city concept is applied as a basic infrastructure for economic development in China.

    DOI

  • A conceptual framework for road traffic safety considering differences in traffic culture through international comparison

    Aikinori Morimoto, Ailin Wang, Naohiro Kitano

    IATSS Research    2021

     View Summary

    Many countries and international organizations have put a significant amount of effort into improving road traffic safety by setting their own road traffic safety goals and strategies. This study aims to provide a conceptual framework for road traffic safety through an international comparison of traffic safety goals and strategies. Such a comparison can help improve mutual understanding and communication among stakeholders in different countries and international organizations. Based on a review of previous traffic safety literature and comparing traffic safety strategies of several different countries and international organizations, this study proposes a conceptual framework for road traffic safety consisting of a common vision, traffic safety indicators, a safe system including the 3Es and some additional Es, and a traffic safety culture, which is the basis of the framework.

    DOI

  • Estimating China’s foreign aid using new data

    Naohiro Kitano

    IDS Bulletin   49   49 - 72  2018.07

     View Summary

    This article presents updated estimates of China’s foreign aid between 2001 and 2014 as a proxy for China’s official development assistance (ODA) as defined by the OECD-DAC, and to compare this with the ODA of other DAC members. China’s net foreign aid increased from US$5.2bn in 2012 to US$5.4bn in 2013, but dropped to US$4.9bn in 2014. Since 2013, China has ranked at number nine. Its bilateral foreign aid has ranked at number six, alongside Japan and France, since 2012, while multilateral foreign aid has been relatively less significant. It is estimated that net disbursements of preferential export buyer’s credits decreased from US$4.9bn in 2012 to US$4.7bn in 2013, increasing to US$6.1bn in 2014. China has increased the volume of its foreign aid, improved the quality of it, and diversified the fields of aid activity. It is important for the international community to carefully examine the magnitude of China’s foreign aid.

    DOI

  • China’s foreign aid: Entering a new stage

    Naohiro Kitano

    Asia-Pacific Review   25   90 - 111  2018.01

     View Summary

    As part of the institutional reform plan of the State Council approved by the 13th National People’s Congress, a new aid agency, China International Development Cooperation Agency was inaugurated in April 2018. As the first such agency in the country’s history, its establishment will bring about a major change in the implementation structure of China’s foreign aid. It is important to follow and understand how China will improve and increase its foreign aid. This article reviews the current status of China’s foreign aid: forms and implementation structure, aid policies, volume of aid, and future challenges.

    DOI

  • ESTIMATING CHINA'S FOREIGN AID 2001-2013

    Naohiro Kitano, Yukinori Harada

    JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT   28 ( 7 ) 1050 - 1074  2016.10

     View Summary

    This paper aims to estimate China's net foreign aid from 2001 to 2013 as compared with net official development assistance (ODA) figures, which the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) customarily uses. First, a practical definition to capture China's foreign aid activities as a proxy for China's ODA was proposed. Second, both net and gross disbursements of China's foreign aid were estimated. Third, the results were compared with DAC members' ODA; China's donor ranking has moved up from 16th in 2001 to 6th in 2012 and 2013. Copyright (C) 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    DOI

  • China's Foreign Aid at a Transitional Stage

    Naohiro Kitano

    ASIAN ECONOMIC POLICY REVIEW   9 ( 2 ) 301 - 317  2014.07

     View Summary

    By estimating China's foreign aid as a proxy for China's bilateral Official Development Assistance and by analyzing its implementation structure and policy, this paper sheds some light on China's foreign aid activities, which have been at a transitional stage. Based on our estimates, the level of foreign aid in terms of net disbursement has increased sharply since 2004, reaching around US$7.1 billion in 2013. Some measures to strengthen the implementation structure to deal with this expansion have been introduced by the central government; however, this transition process needs more time. To facilitate this process, China is attempting to absorb knowhow on development assistance from multilateral institutions and Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's Development Assistance Committee countries that are eager to share their knowledge, with the expectation that China will eventually play a major role in international development.

    DOI

  • Japanese contribution in supporting China's reforms: A study based on ODA loans

    Naohiro Kitano

    China Report   40 ( 4 ) 461 - 488  2004

     View Summary

    The impact of official development assistance (ODA) loans or yen loans on China's Open and Reform Policy using several transportation projects is analyzed. Yen loans have impacted the policy in alleviating infrastructure bottlenecks by providing external financial resources
    guiding regional development
    contributing to poverty alleviation
    giving provision of advanced facilities and equipments as well as transfer of modern technologies
    and transferring of institutional frameworks of infrastructure development. Suggestions for future studies are also presented.

    DOI

  • The Night Soil Cycle in China--From City to Village

    KITANO Naohiro

    Bi-monthly journal of the Institute of Asian Economic Affairs   27 ( 8 ) 58 - 73  1986

    CiNii

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Books and Other Publications

  • 現代中国を読み解く三要素 : 経済・テクノロジー・国際関係

    川島, 真, 21世紀政策研究所( Part: Joint author)

    勁草書房  2020.08 ISBN: 9784326504718

  • 中国の外交戦略と世界秩序 : 理念・政策・現地の視線

    川島, 真, 遠藤, 貢, 高原, 明生, 松田, 康博( Part: Joint author)

    昭和堂  2020.01 ISBN: 9784812219058

  • ASEAN-Japan relations

    白石, 隆, Kojima, Takaaki, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies( Part: Joint author, Japanese development assistance to ASEAN countries)

    Institute of Southeast Asian Studies  2014 ISBN: 9789814519212

  • A study of China's foreign aid : an Asian perspective

    下村, 恭民, 大橋, 英夫( Part: Joint author)

    Palgrave Macmillan  2013 ISBN: 9781137323767

  • 中国の対外援助

    下村 恭民, 大橋 英夫, 日本国際問題研究所, 渡辺 紫乃, 小林 誉明, 北野 尚宏, 稲田 十一, 辻 一人, 王 平, 大野 泉, 鈴木 隆( Part: Joint author, 第4章 アジア諸国への経済協力)

    日本経済評論社  2013.01 ISBN: 9784818822535

  • 中国が変える世界秩序

    関 志雄, 朱 建栄, 日本経済研究センタ, 清華大学国情研究センター, 胡 鞍鋼, 柴田 明夫, 山崎 正樹, 北野 尚宏, 朱 建栄, 大橋 英夫, 村瀬 哲司, 室井 秀太郎, 孟 健軍( Part: Joint author, 深化する中央アジアとの関係)

    日本経済評論社  2011.10 ISBN: 9784818821736

  • 中国の環境政策

    山本 裕美, 森 晶寿, 植田 和弘, 陳 雲, 金 紅実, 張 坤民, 彭 立穎, 山本 浩平, 何 彦旻, 劉 春發, 北野 尚宏, 永禮 英明( Part: Contributor, 水環境政策の到達点と課題)

    京都大学学術出版会  2008.08 ISBN: 9784876987382

  • Facets of globalization: International and Local dimensions of development

    Shahid Yusuf, Simon J. Evenett, Weiping Wu, Lawrence J. White, Victor F, S. Sit, Gernot Klepper, Yak-yeow Kueh, Junichi Yamada, Shuqing Guo, Won Bae Kim, Edward L. Glaeser, Jordan Rappaport, Richard Stren, F. Bourguignon, Diana Mitlin, David Satterthwaite, Yue-man Yeung, Rakesh Mohan, Naohiro Kitano( Part: Contributor, Analysis of spatial organization and transportation demand in the city of Sendai)

    2001 ISBN: 9780821347423

  • アジア厠考

    大野 盛雄, 小島 麗逸, 大内 力, 北見 俊夫, 新納 豊, 北野 尚宏, 木崎 翠, 永野 善子, 佐藤 百合, 中村 ゆかり, 末廣 昭, 重富 真一, 竹内 郁雄, 高橋 昭雄, 村山 真弓, 清水 学, 篠田 隆, 岡崎 正孝, 間 寧, 高井清仁( Part: Contributor, 中国−一九八〇年代初頭の都市屎尿の農村還元)

    勁草書房  1994.01 ISBN: 9784326651535

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Misc

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Awards

  • Nairamdal (Friendship) Medal

    2012   Government of Mongolia  

Research Projects

  • A Study on Spatial Correlation of "Cross-Border Migration" within Greater Mekong Sub-region and Regional Safety Net Plan

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Project Year :

    2021.04
    -
    2025.03
     

  • Research on the coordination between physical space and cyber space in next-generation cities

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Project Year :

    2021.04
    -
    2024.03
     

  • Competition and Possibilities for Cooperation Between Japan and China Over "One Belt" (Maritime Silk Road)

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Fund for the Promotion of Joint International Research (Fostering Joint International Research (B))

    Project Year :

    2019.10
    -
    2024.03
     

Presentations

  • A Study on China Eximbank’s Infrastructure Finance in Asian Developing Countries

    KITANO Naohiro, MIYABAYASHI Yumiko

    土木計画学研究・講演集(CD-ROM) 

    Presentation date: 2020

    Event date:
    2020
     
     
  • A STUDY ON CURBSIDE DESIGN FOCUSED ON AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES ON THE ROAD

    古森開, GUO Jiarui, 高山宇宙, 北野尚宏, 森本章倫

    土木計画学研究・講演集(CD-ROM) 

    Presentation date: 2020

    Event date:
    2020
     
     
  • 中国の対外援助・新型国際関係

    北野尚宏

    第1回中国セミナー「中国の国際社会におけるプレゼンス」  21世紀政策研究所

    Presentation date: 2018.10

  • 対外援助動向へのインパクト

    北野尚宏

    夏期公開講座「「i一帯一路構想」のインパクトと今後の展望」  アジア経済研究所

    Presentation date: 2018.08

  • China’s foreign aid: entering a new stage

    Naohiro Kitano

    Workshop on Political and Economic Future of the Bay of Bengal  Edwin O. Reischauer Center for East Asian Studies, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University and Policy Research Institute Ministry of Finance Japan (PRI)

    Presentation date: 2018.06

  • China’s foreign aid

    Naohiro Kitano

    GIJ Forum "Japanese Development Cooperation as a Political Tool"  German Institute for Japanese Studies (GIJ)

    Presentation date: 2018.04

  • Estimating China’s foreign aid: New data

    Naohiro Kitano

    CRP Department Lecture Series  City and Regional Planning (CRP) Department, Cornell University

    Presentation date: 2017.11

  • Estimating China’s foreign aid using new data: 2015 preliminary figures

    Naohiro Kitano

    Seminar on "Contribution to Achieving SDGs: China and International Partners"  JICA, Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD) and Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation (CAITEC)

    Presentation date: 2017.06

  • Development experience and economic cooperation of Japan and China

    Naohiro Kitano

    CIDEG Academic Salon  Center for Industrial Development and Environmental Governance (CIDEG), School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University

    Presentation date: 2017.05

  • Development experience and economic cooperation of Japan and China

    Naohiro Kitano

    Lecture in “Foreign Aid in Tiger Economy” hosted by Dr. Jin Sato  (Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University)  Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University

    Presentation date: 2017.04

  • Estimating China’s foreign aid II: 2014 update

    Naohiro Kitano

    Lunch-time Seminar in International Economics  Kiel Institute for World Economy

    Presentation date: 2016.11

  • Estimating China’s foreign aid II: 2014 update

    Naohiro Kitano

    Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development Seminar Series  Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex

    Presentation date: 2016.11

  • Estimating China’s foreign aid: New data

    Naohiro Kitano

    Edwin O. Reischauer Memorial Lecture Series  China-Africa Research Initiative, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University

    Presentation date: 2016.10

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Specific Research

  • アジア途上国都市・交通セクターにおける中国の経済協力動向分析

    2021  

     View Summary

    本研究では、研究対象を当初のアジアからアフリカまで広げて、両地域の都市・交通分野に対する中国の経済協力の現状とリスクを明らかにするために、中国輸出入銀行によるアジア・アフリカ向け譲許的条件の融資データの整備を行った。その結果、アジアだけでなくアフリカにおいても融資承諾額が近年減少していることが確認できた。都市・交通分野においても同様の傾向がうかがわれる。これは、中国政府が「一帯一路」構想にかかる政策変更を行い、金融機関もより厳格に審査を行うようになった結果であると考えられる。中国建設企業は、第三国企業との連携やPPP案件の組成に取組み始めていることも確認できた。

  • 中国の対外援助推計

    2020  

     View Summary

    本研究では、成果のひとつとして、中国の対外援助額をOECD開発援助委員会が定めるODAの定義(贈与相当額計上方式)に基づき推計・予想し、JICA緒方貞子平和開発研究所よりKitano. N. and Miyabayashi Y. 2020. Estimating China’s Foreign Aid: 2019-2020 Preliminary Figuresを発刊した。2019年の推計額は59億ドルで2018年と同額だった。、国際⽐較を⾏ったところ、⽶国、ドイツ、イギリス、⽇本、フランス、トルコに次いで7位となった。2020年の予想は54億ドルで、前年比下落する可能性が示された。

  • 国際基準に基づく中国の対外援助推計

    2019  

     View Summary

    中国は、近年対外援助実施体制強化に取り組んでいる一方、依然として系統だった情報開示を行っていない。本研究では、成果のひとつとして対外援助額を従来のODAの定義と新たな定義で推計し、JICA研究所よりEstimating China’s Foreign Aid: 2017-2018 Preliminary Figuresを発刊した。従来の定義であるネットベースの貸付実行額では、2017年61億ドル,2018年64億ドルと漸増傾向にあった。新たな定義(借款の新たな計上方法である贈与相当額計上方式を導入)では、2017年53億ドル、2018年57億ドルと従来の定義よりも小さかった。

  • 国際基準に基づく中国の対外援助推計

    2019  

     View Summary

    中国は、近年対外援助実施体制強化に取り組んでいる一方、依然として系統だった情報開示を行っていない。本研究では、成果のひとつとして対外援助額を従来のODAの定義と新たな定義で推計し、JICA研究所よりEstimating China’s Foreign Aid: 2017-2018 Preliminary Figuresを発刊した。従来の定義であるネットベースの貸付実行額では、2017年61億ドル,2018年64億ドルと漸増傾向にあった。新たな定義(借款の新たな計上方法である贈与相当額計上方式を導入)では、2017年53億ドル、2018年57億ドルと従来の定義よりも小さかった。

  • 中国の下水道・廃棄物処理整備と国際環境協力

    2018  

     View Summary

    本研究では、中国が、改革・開放期に都市下水道・廃棄物処理施設の整備を推進するにあたり、どのように海外の技術や資金を、国際環境協力等を通して導入・活用したのかについて、既存研究や各種報告書のレビューや、中国側政府機関・大学関係者に対するインタビューから一定程度明らかにすることができた。さらに、中国が自国における経験に基づいて、対外援助の一環として開発途上国の下水処理場の整備に参入しはじめている状況も把握することができた。

 

Syllabus

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Committee Memberships

  • 2018
    -
    2019

    日本経済団体連合会21世紀政策研究所  「中国情勢に関する研究会」研究委員

  • 2018
    -
    2019

    アジア経済研究所  「”一帯一路”構想の展開と日本・中国への影響」研究会委員

  • 2009
    -
    2018

    Development Assistance Committee (DAC), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)  China-DAC Study Group

  • 2009
    -
    2018

    経済協力開発機構(OECD)開発援助委員会(DAC)  中国DAC研究グループ委員

  • 1998
    -
    2002

    日本都市計画学会  国際委員会委員

  • 1997
    -
    1999

    土木学会  土木学会誌編集委員

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Social Activities

  • 小山台教育財団「寺子屋小山台」

    2010
    -
    Now

  • 三鷹市「みたか市民プラン21会議」第1分科会(都市基盤整備)

    1999
    -
    2001

Media Coverage

  • 私見卓見「途上国支援、現地の意識変革カギ 」

    Newspaper, magazine

    日本経済新聞社   日本経済新聞朝刊  

    2018.06