Updated on 2022/06/29

写真a

 
OSHIO, Atsushi
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences, School of Culture, Media and Society
Job title
Professor
Profile
College of Humanities, Chubu University
Lecturer (October 2001 - March 2003)
Associate Professor (April 2003 - March 2012)

Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Associate Professor (April 2012 - present)

Education

  • 1997.04
    -
    2000.03

    Nagoya University  

  • 1995.04
    -
    1997.03

    Nagoya University  

  • 1991.04
    -
    1995.03

    Nagoya University   School of Education  

Degree

  • Nagoya University   Ph.D.(Educational Psychology)

Research Experience

  • 2012.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Letters, Arts and Sciences

  • 2001.10
    -
    2012.03

    Chubu University

Professional Memberships

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    THE JAPAN ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY

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    日本教育心理学会

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    日本発達心理学会

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    日本心理学会

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    日本青年心理学会

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    日本パーソナリティ心理学会

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    日本カウンセリング学会

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    日本社会心理学会

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    東海心理学会

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    Society for Personality and Social Psychology

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    Association for Research in Personality

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    American Psychological Association

▼display all

 

Research Areas

  • Educational psychology   personality psychology

Research Interests

  • developmental psychology

  • personality psychology

  • 対人関係

  • パーソナリティ

Papers

  • The association between personality traits and hoarding behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan.

    Shinya Yoshino, Tadahiro Shimotsukasa, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Atsushi Oshio

    Personality and individual differences   179   110927 - 110927  2021.09  [International journal]

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits and hoarding behavior during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. An online survey was conducted among 530 Japanese adults (274 women; M age = 44.26, SD age = 8.43) who were living in Tokyo when a state of emergency was declared. Personality traits were assessed using measures of the Big Five personality traits and dispositional greed. They also responded to measures of tendencies to hoard essential and countermeasure products during the COVID-19 pandemic. Correlation analysis revealed that Extraversion, Neuroticism, Openness, and dispositional greed were positively associated with hoarding behavior. Multiple regression analysis revealed that individuals with high Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness, and dispositional greed tended to hoard products. The present findings suggest that personality traits account for behavioral responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. The emergent relationship between hoarding behavior and each personality trait is discussed in relation to the existing literature.

    DOI PubMed

  • Correction to: The early therapeutic response at 2 weeks is a crucial predictor of proton pump inhibitor-refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease.

    Maiko Ogawa, Seiji Arihiro, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Takashi Joh, Kazuhide Higuchi, Katsuhiko Iwakiri, Takeshi Kamiya, Noriaki Manabe, Kimio Isshi, Tatsuya Nakada, Atsushi Hokari, Masayuki Saruta, Atsushi Oshio, Ken Haruma, Koji Nakada

    Esophagus : official journal of the Japan Esophageal Society   18 ( 3 ) 711 - 712  2021.07  [Domestic journal]

    DOI PubMed

  • Comparison of effects of six main gastrectomy procedures on patients' quality of life assessed by Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45.

    Koji Nakada, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Shinichi Kinami, Ryoji Fukushima, Hiroshi Yabusaki, Akiyoshi Seshimo, Naoki Hiki, Keisuke Koeda, Mikihiro Kano, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Atsushi Oshio, Yasuhiro Kodera

    World journal of gastrointestinal surgery   13 ( 5 ) 461 - 475  2021.05  [International journal]

     View Summary

    BACKGROUND: The effects of various gastrectomy procedures on the patient's quality of life (QOL) are not well understood. Thus, this nationwide multi-institutional cross-sectional study using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 (PGSAS-45), a well-established questionnaire designed to clarify the severity and characteristics of the postgastrectomy syndrome, was conducted. AIM: To compare the effects of six main gastrectomy procedures on the postoperative QOL. METHODS: Eligible questionnaires retrieved from 2368 patients who underwent either of six gastrectomy procedures [total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction (TGRY; n = 393), proximal gastrectomy (PG; n = 193), distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction (DGRY; n = 475), distal gastrectomy with Billroth-I reconstruction (DGBI; n = 909), pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG; n = 313), and local resection of the stomach (LR; n = 85)] were analyzed. Among the 19 main outcome measures of PGSAS-45, the severity and characteristics of postgastrectomy syndrome were compared for the aforementioned six gastrectomy procedures using analysis of means. RESULTS: TGRY and PG significantly impaired the QOL of postoperative patients. Postoperative QOL was excellent in LR (cardia and pylorus were preserved with minimal resection). In procedures removing the distal stomach, diarrhea subscale (SS) and dumping SS were less frequent in PPG than in DGBI and DGRY. However, there was no difference in the postoperative QOL between DGBI and DGRY. The most noticeable adverse effects caused by gastrectomy were meal-related distress SS, dissatisfaction at the meal, and weight loss, with significant differences among the surgical procedures. CONCLUSION: Postoperative QOL greatly differed among six gastrectomy procedures. The severity and characteristics of postgastrectomy syndrome should be considered to select gastrectomy procedures, overcome surgical shortcomings, and enhance postoperative care.

    DOI PubMed

  • The early therapeutic response at 2 weeks is a crucial predictor of proton pump inhibitor-refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease.

    Maiko Ogawa, Seiji Arihiro, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Takashi Joh, Kazuhide Higuchi, Katsuhiko Iwakiri, Takeshi Kamiya, Noriaki Manabe, Kimio Isshi, Tatsuya Nakada, Atsushi Hokari, Masayuki Saruta, Atsushi Oshio, Ken Haruma, Koji Nakada

    Esophagus : official journal of the Japan Esophageal Society   18 ( 2 ) 398 - 406  2021.04  [Domestic journal]

     View Summary

    BACKGROUND: In recent years, the prevalence of proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been increasing, posing a clinical obstacle to improving the management of GERD patients. The ability of known predictive factors to explain therapeutic response to PPI remains insufficient. Therefore, we examined whether the addition of early therapeutic response to PPI as an explanatory variable may increase the predictive power for PPI-refractory GERD. METHODS: The severity and therapeutic response of GERD symptoms to PPI were evaluated using the GastroEsophageal Reflux and Dyspepsia Therapeutic Efficacy and Satisfaction Test (GERD-TEST) questionnaire at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks after treatment. The relevance of the therapeutic effect of PPI at 2 weeks compared to that at 4 weeks was examined in 301 patients with GERD. Independent predictive factors for refractory GERD at 4 weeks of PPI therapy were examined in 182 patients. The effect of various clinical factors, including the early response to PPI, was assessed using multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: The number of PPI-therapy responders increased significantly with the duration of treatment (p < 0.0001). The response to PPI therapy at 2 weeks was significantly correlated with that at 4 weeks (p < 0.0001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that the therapeutic response to PPI at 2 weeks was by far the strongest predictor of the therapeutic effect at 4 weeks among all clinical factors. CONCLUSIONS: Medication change for PPI-refractory GERD at 2 weeks may be an efficacious therapeutic strategy to improve patients' quality of life.

    DOI PubMed

  • Seeing Things in Black‐and‐White : A Scoping Review on Dichotomous Thinking Style

    Bruno Bonfá‐Araujo, Atsushi Oshio, Nelson Hauck‐Filho

    Japanese Psychological Research    2021.02

    DOI

  • Dichotomous thinking and cognitive ability

    Takahiro Mieda, Kanako Taku, Atsushi Oshio

    Personality and Individual Differences   169   110008 - 110008  2021.02

     View Summary

    © 2020 Elsevier Ltd Dichotomous thinking has three dimensions: preference for dichotomy, dichotomous belief and profit-and-loss thinking. Previous studies imply that the dichotomous thinking is associated with low cognitive abilities and low level of education attainment. In the present study, we examined the relationships between dichotomous thinking and cognitive abilities, educational attainment in Japanese undergraduate sample and wider population sample who have different educational background. They completed Dichotomous Thinking Inventory and one of four cognitive tasks: The Cattel's Culture Fair Intelligence Test, Tanaka B method Intelligence Scale, syllogism test or the BAROCO short. Overall, correlation coefficients between the dichotomous thinking and the cognitive tasks were small but significantly negative in undergraduate sample. In wider population sample, dichotomous beliefs were negatively associated with cognitive ability, while profit-and-loss thinking was positively associated. Additionally, multiple regression analyses revealed that people with low level educational background show higher dichotomous thinking tendency. These findings indicate that the relationship between the dichotomous thinking and cognitive ability depends on the dimension, whereas dichotomous thinking is generally related to low educational attainment.

    DOI

  • A recommendation to submit your article to the Japanese Journal of Adolescent Psychology

    OSHIO Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of adolescent psychology   32 ( 2 ) 127 - 129  2021

    DOI CiNii

  • Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory

    Kawasaki Naoki, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of psychology   92 ( 1 ) 21 - 30  2021

     View Summary

    <p>The Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI), consisting of 7 sub-scales, was developed to comprehensively assess the components of narcissism, including not only grandiose but also vulnerable aspects. The purpose of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI-J) and to examine its factor structure, reliability, and validity in the Japanese population. The results from 402 participants showed that the PNI-J has a factor structure that is nearly equivalent to the original PNI. Furthermore, the PNI-J had good test-retest reliability, and had a theoretically reasonable correlation with self-, interpersonal-, and personality-related variables. Additionally, the Japanese version of the Brief-Pathological Narcissism Inventory (B-PNI-J) was constructed based on previous research, demonstrating nearly the same properties as the full version. Thus, the PNI-J and the B-PNI-J can reflect the pathological features of narcissistic people in the Japanese population more comprehensively than other conventional measurement scales of narcissism. </p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Personality traits and social indicators in Japan::A time-series analysis

    Oshio Atsushi, Okada Ryo

    The Japanese journal of psychology   92 ( 1 ) 46 - 51  2021

     View Summary

    <p>A previous study revealed curvilinear changes over time in 12 traits of the Yatabe-Guilford Personality Inventory in Japan (Oshio et al., 2019). The purpose of the present study was to examine relationships between the survey-year change of the inventory and social indices. A cross-temporal meta-analysis was conducted on 171 to 181 samples (68 to 74 papers) of Japanese undergraduates who completed the inventory from 1957 to 2012 (total N = 29,524–29,847). The dataset was partially identical to the previous study. Partial correlation with previous control scores of personality traits indicated that mean scores for seven personality traits are associated with changes in social indices. Results of time series analyses indicated that the change of social indices has significant associations with the following mean score changes of personality traits. Implications of the results are discussed. </p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Regional differences in Big Five personality traits in Japan:Evidence from three large datasets

    Yoshino Shinya, Oshio Atsushi

    Japanese Journal of Environmental Psychology   9 ( 1 ) 19 - 33  2021

     View Summary

    <p>The present research examined the geographical distributions of Big Five personality traits in Japan. We conducted secondary analysis with three large datasets (survey 1: N = 4,469, survey 2: N = 5,619, survey 3: N = 4,330). We confirmed the spatial clustering of personality traits and mapped the geographical distribution in Japan. Moreover, we revealed the prefecture-level inequality of each Big Five domain across the three datasets. The results indicated that the metropolitan area and Okinawa showed higher Extraversion than Chugoku districts. Eastern Kyushu and Okinawa showed higher Agreeableness than Hokuriku districts. Tohoku district showed lower Conscientiousness than other districts. Tohoku and Chugoku districts showed higher Neuroticism than Okinawa. Northern Kyushu districts showed higher Openness than other districts. The results generally supported the hypothesis, and we discussed the regional characteristics obtained in the present study.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Comparison of Postoperative Quality of Life among Three Different Reconstruction Methods After Proximal Gastrectomy: Insights From the PGSAS Study.

    Hiroshi Yabusaki, Yasuhiro Kodera, Norimasa Fukushima, Naoki Hiki, Shinichi Kinami, Masashi Yoshida, Keishiro Aoyagi, Shuichi Ota, Hiroaki Hata, Hiroshi Noro, Atsushi Oshio, Koji Nakada

    World journal of surgery   44 ( 10 ) 3433 - 3440  2020.10  [International journal]

     View Summary

    BACKGROUND: Proximal gastrectomy (PG) has become an increasingly preferred procedure for early cancer in the upper third of the stomach, owing to reportedly superior quality of life (QOL) after PG when compared with total gastrectomy. However, various methods of reconstruction have currently been proposed. We compared the postoperative QOL among the three different reconstruction methods after PG using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 (PGSAS-45) questionnaire. METHODS: Post Gastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Study (PGSAS), a nationwide multi-institutional survey, was conducted to evaluate QOL using the PGSAS-45 among various types of gastrectomy. Of the 2,368 eligible data from the PGSAS survey, data from 193 patients who underwent PG were retrieved and used in the current study. The PGSAS-45 consists of 45 items including 22 original gastrectomy specific items in addition to the SF-8 and GSRS. These were consolidated into 19 main outcome measures pertaining postgastrectomy symptoms, amount of food ingested, quality of ingestion, work, and level of satisfaction for daily work, and the three reconstruction methods (n = 193; 115 esophago-gastrostomy [PGEG], 34 jejunal interposition [PGJI], and 44 jejunal pouch interposition [PGJPI]) were compared using PGSAS-45. RESULTS: Size of the remnant stomach was significantly larger in PGEG, and significantly smaller in PGJI and PGJPI (P < 0.05). There was no difference in other patient background factors among the groups. EGJPI tended to be superior to PGEG in several of the 19 main outcome with marginal significance (P = 0.047-0.076). CONCLUSION: PGJPI appears to be the most favorable of the three reconstruction methods after PG especially when the size of remnant stomach is rather small. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN-CTR #000002116 entitled as "A study to observe correlation between resection and reconstruction procedures employed for gastric neoplasms and development of postgastrectomy syndrome".

    DOI PubMed

  • Secondary trauma and posttraumatic growth among mental health clinicians involved in disaster relief activities following the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan

    Yoshiki Tominaga, Toyomi Goto, Janine Shelby, Atsushi Oshio, Daisuke Nishi, Satoshi Takahashi

    Counselling Psychology Quarterly   33 ( 4 ) 427 - 447  2020.10

     View Summary

    Following the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami disaster, 230 mental health clinicians participated in a disaster relief mission and then responded to an online survey assessing their posttraumatic growth (PTG), as well as other variables and outcomes related to their work. Findings revealed that post-mission intrusion severity significantly predicted total PTG at 2 months following the relief activities. Previous knowledge/skill was also an important variable, positively predicting CS and negatively predicting burnout. One-fifth of clinicians reported clinically significant trauma symptoms immediately following their work but few respondents reported clinically significant symptoms two months following their relief work. However, severe intrusion and avoidance symptomatology immediately following of the relief mission was associated with greater levels of compassion fatigue. The implications of this study are that adequate preparation of clinicians and social/professional support play important roles in promoting satisfaction with disaster-relief work, and training/knowledge reducing burnout reactions and promoting satisfaction with disaster-relief work. In addition, disaster-related intrusion symptoms may be part of a normative, adaptive process after disaster relief activities and can co-exist with or promote PTG.

    DOI

  • Dichotomous Thinking and Personality Traits: From the Viewpoints of the Big Five and HEXACO

    Takahiro Mieda, Atsushi Oshio

    Japanese Psychological Research    2020.07

     View Summary

    © 2020 Japanese Psychological Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Dichotomous thinking is a feature of certain personality traits, such as the Dark Triad and Cluster B personality disorders, which commonly reflect a fast life history strategy. The Big Five and HEXACO personality models are useful for understanding the personality structure and individual differences in life history strategy. Our study aimed to shed light on the propensity for dichotomous thinking using the framework of the Big Five and HEXACO personality models. Participants (n = 229) completed the Dichotomous Thinking Inventory, the 60-item HEXACO Personality Inventory – Revised, and the Ten-Item Personality Inventory. We examined correlations between dichotomous thinking and each domain of the Big Five and HEXACO personality models, and then computed multiple correlations predicting total and dimensional scores on the propensity for dichotomous thinking with scores on the Big Five and HEXACO personality traits. Results indicated that dichotomous thinking tendency is characterized by the set of low Agreeableness and Honesty–Humility. This study suggests that dichotomous thinking has antagonistic characteristics and a linkage to the fast life history strategy.

    DOI

  • Posttraumatic growth (PTG) and posttraumatic depreciation (PTD) across ten countries: Global validation of the PTG-PTD theoretical model

    Kanako Taku, Richard G. Tedeschi, Jane Shakespeare-Finch, Daniel Krosch, Georgina David, Doris Kehl, Selina Grunwald, Annunziata Romeo, Marialaura Di Tella, Kiyoko Kamibeppu, Takafumi Soejima, Kohichi Hiraki, Rebekah Volgin, Sandesh Dhakal, Mariusz Zięba, Catarina Ramos, Romina Nunes, Isabel Leal, Patrícia Gouveia, Carolina C. Silva, Pamela Núñez Del Prado Chaves, Claudia Zavala, Andrea Paz, Emre Senol-Durak, Atsushi Oshio, Amy Canevello, Arnie Cann, Lawrence G. Calhoun

    Personality and Individual Differences     110222 - 110222  2020.07  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • The association between walkability and personality: Evidence from a large socioecological study in Japan

    Friedrich M. Götz, Shinya Yoshino, Atsushi Oshio

    Journal of Environmental Psychology   69  2020.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    © 2020 Elsevier Ltd Geographical personality differences robustly predict diverse consequential outcomes. However, comparatively little is known about the factors that create such differences, in particular the role of the built environment. To bridge the gap, the present study used a socioecological approach to examine the relationship between walkability and personality. Walkability reflects the degree to which urban areas are easily walkable and accessible for pedestrians. As such it is considered a defining feature of people's living environments. We utilized a large sample from the Data Sharing for Psychology in Japan (DSPJ) project, which assessed the Big Five personality traits of 5141 Japanese residents. Walkability estimates were extracted from Walk Score, an established online platform, based on individuals' place of living. Building on prior research, we hypothesized that walkability would be positively linked to Agreeableness and Extraversion due to increased opportunities for social interactions and selective migration. Multiple regression analyses showed that walkability was positively related to Extraversion (B = 0.033; 95%CI [0.019, 0.047]; β = 0.066), but not to Agreeableness. This pattern persisted in the presence of a conservative set of individual and socioecological controls. Taken together, our research suggests that walkable urban environments may be conducive to a more animated and lively social climate which is reflected in heightened extraversion among residents of such areas. As such it advances psych-geographical theory and our understanding of the role of the built environment in the emergence of geographical personality differences.

    DOI

  • Cross-Sectional Age Differences in the Dark Triad Traits in Two Japanese Samples

    Tetsuya Kawamoto, Tadahiro Shimotsukasa, Atsushi Oshio

    PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING   35 ( 1 ) 91 - 96  2020.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study investigated the age differences in the Dark Triad (DT) traits with 2 independent samples. Personality was measured using the Short Dark Triad and the Dark Triad Ditty Dozen. Results showed a significant negative correlation between age and DT traits except for narcissism, which differed between the samples. Significant age-by-sex interaction effects were observed for Macitiavellianism and the DT composite score, indicating that women showed a steeper downward age trend in dark personalities.

    DOI

  • The development of resilience in Japanese adults: A two-wave latent change model

    Ueno, Y., Hirano, M., Oshio, A.

      January-June   1 - 7  2020.02  [Refereed]

  • Associations between tolerance toward foreign residents and the Big Five personality traits in Japan::The moderating effect of socioecological variable

    Yoshino Shinya, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of psychology    2020

     View Summary

    <p>The purpose of this study was to examine associations between the Big Five personality traits and tolerance toward foreign residents in Japan, and to examine the moderating effect of the population ratio of foreign residents in a residential area on these associations. We conducted a multiple regression analysis on a dataset including 18,656 Japanese residents (9,097 females; Mage = 47.80). The results of the analysis showed that tolerance was positively associated with Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Openness and negatively associated with Conscientiousness and Neuroticism. There was a significant interaction between Conscientiousness and the population ratio of foreigners on tolerance toward foreigners. A simple slope analysis showed a stronger negative association between Conscientiousness and tolerance for the high population ratio of foreigners than for the low population ratio of foreigners. We discussed the associations between the Big Five personality traits and tolerance.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Relationships between Big Five personality traits and body mass index in Japan

    Yoshino Shinya, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of psychology    2020

     View Summary

    <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between the Big Five personality traits and a person's body mass index (BMI). We used three large datasets (survey 1, N = 3,063; survey 2, N = 4,242; survey 3, N = 17,471) including Japanese participants and examined the associations using correlation and multiple regression analyses. Consecutively, we conducted a meta-analysis including the results in the present study and a previous study. The results of these analyses show that Conscientiousness is consistently negatively associated with BMI. Extraversion is positively associated with BMI only for male participants. The pattern of relationships between the Big Five personality traits and BMI in Japan is similar to Western countries rather than to other East Asian countries. We discuss these associations in terms of eating habits and lifestyles.</p>

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  • 日本における Big Five パーソナリティ特性の地域差:協調性の東西差に着目した検討

    吉野 伸哉, 小塩 真司

    環境心理学研究   8 ( 1 ) 44 - 44  2020  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • The Relationships between the Tendency to Consume Energy Drink and Personality Traits in Japanese Undergraduate Students -Big Five and Sensation Seeking-

    YOSHINO Shinya, OSHIO Atsushi

    Japanese Journal of Applied Psychology   45 ( 3 ) 238 - 239  2020  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>The present study examined the relationships between the tendency to consume energy drink and personality traits. The participants were 288 Japanese undergraduates (Mage=20.15; 207 females). They completed the questionnaire including Big Five personality traits, sensation seeking, and tendency to consume energy drink. Logistic and Poisson regression analyses revealed that the consumption of energy drink was associated positively with Thrill & Adventure and Disinhibition dimensions of the sensation seeking, which is a part of Extraversion. The results imply the psychological characteristics of its consumers.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Sunshine Duration and Personality Traits:Regional Differences of Extraversion and Neuroticism in Japan

    Yoshino Shinya, Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   28 ( 3 ) 256 - 259  2020  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>The present study examined the relationships of sunshine duration with extraversion and neuroticism. Previous studies suggested that individuals living in regions that receive little direct sunlight tend to experience depression and lack of sleep, which are associated with particular personality traits. Moreover, they are associated with increases in the amount of serotonin with longer daylight durations. We used a Japanese dataset including 18,922 adults (9,227 females; mean age: 47.74) and conducted a prefecture-level analysis. Results of multiple regression analysis indicated that neuroticism was negatively associated with sunshine duration while extraversion was not. The results showed that sunshine duration may explain the variance of regional differences in personality traits.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Relationships among optimism, pessimism, and posttraumatic growth in the US and Japan: Focusing on varying patterns of perceived stressfulness

    Maggie Britton, Leah LaLonde, Atsushi Oshio, Kanako Taku

    Personality and Individual Differences   151   109513  2019.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Relationship between sensory-processing sensitivity and age in a large cross-sectional Japanese sample

    Yuki Ueno, Aki Takahashi, Atsushi Oshio

    Heliyon   5 ( 10 ) e02508  2019.10  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Moral foundations and cognitive ability: Results from a Japanese sample

    Tetsuya Kawamoto, Takahiro Mieda, Atsushi Oshio

    Personality and Individual Differences   149   31 - 36  2019.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    © 2019 Elsevier Ltd Research has indicated that human morality is associated with cognitive ability. However, morality is not a unified concept but rather is a multi-faceted concept. Moral Foundation Theory suggests that human beings have at least five innate moral foundations: Care/Injury, Fairness/Deception, Loyalty/Betrayal, Authority/Subversion, and Sacred/Fallen. The present study aimed to investigate the associations between these moral values and cognitive ability. A large-scale cross-sectional survey was conducted online, which was completed by a total of 4863 Japanese adults (2922 females, 1935 males, and 6 “other;” Mage = 48.78, SDage = 10.93, range 20–70). Correlation and multiple regression analyses revealed that cognitive ability was positively linked to Care/Injury, Fairness/Deception, and Sacred/Fallen. Notably, the positive associations of cognitive ability with Loyalty/Betrayal and Authority/Subversion were statistically significant only for people below the age of approximately 50. These findings indicate that although moral foundations are based on emotions and intuitions, they are substantially associated with cognitive ability. In addition, the positive direction of associations of cognitive ability with Loyalty/Betrayal and Authority/Subversion was inconsistent with previous findings in Western countries, which suggests that these associations are culture-dependent.

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  • Obituary: Hideo Kojima (1937–2019)

    Atsushi Oshio, Yuko Amaya

    European Journal of Developmental Psychology     1  2019.09  [Refereed]

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  • Smokers Are Extraverted in Japan: Smoking Habit and The Big Five Personality Traits

    Abe Shingo, Oshio Atsushi, Kawamoto Tetsuya, Ito Hiroyuki, Hirashima Taro, Tsubota Yuki, Tani Iori

    SAGE Open   July-September 2019   1 - 6  2019.07  [Refereed]

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  • Big Five personality traits in inmates and normal adults in Japan

    Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Oshio Atsushi, Tani Masayuki, Yamaki Mayuko

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   141   81 - 85  2019.04  [Refereed]

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  • 地域レベルにおける⽇照時間とパーソナリティ特性の関連の検討:外向性と神経症傾向に着目して

    吉野 伸哉, 下司 忠大, 小塩 真司

    環境心理学研究   7 ( 1 ) 29 - 29  2019  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • Relation between exercise behavior and Big Five personality traits in Japanese adults

    Ueno Yuki, Oshio Atsushi

    Journal of Health Psychology Research   31 ( 2 ) 165 - 173  2019  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>The relationship between exercise behavior and the Big Five personality traits in Japanese adults (N=4,313, 2,618 men, 1,695 women; mean age=49.05 years, SD=10.84, age range=20–69 years) was investigated. Results indicated that exercise behavior was significantly correlated with Neuroticism (ρ=−.12), Extraversion (ρ=.18), Openness (ρ=.14), Agreeableness (ρ=.06), and Conscientiousness (ρ=.13). Controlling for sex, age, body mass index, educational level, household income, marital status, and the number of children indicated that levels of Extraversion and Openness were positively and significantly associated with exercise behavior. These findings suggest that personality traits influenced exercise behavior in Japanese people, and corroborated international studies.</p>

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  • The Relationships between the Dark Triad and Manipulation Strategies

    Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   28 ( 2 ) 119 - 127  2019  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy) and manipulation strategies (Terashima & Kodama, 2004). Participants were 210 Japanese undergraduates who completed the Short Dark Triad (SD3-J) and the scale of manipulation strategies. Structural equation modeling showed that Machiavellianism and Psychopathy were positively affected by manipulating others from both superior and inferior positions, as well as by manipulation of feelings. Narcissism had a positive effect on the manipulation of feelings from a superior position. The results indicate that there is evidence of the validity of the SD3-J and people who have high Dark Triad tendencies tend to use not only the manipulation of behavior from the superior position, but also the manipulation of feelings from the inferior position.</p>

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  • Sadism and Competitive Performance in Sports: The Mediation of Gamesmanship

    Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Suyama Satoshi, Oshio Atsushi, Otsuka Tadashi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   27 ( 3 ) 263 - 265  2019  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>This study aimed to investigate whether sadism is related to high competitive performance and whether this relationship is mediated by gamesmanship. Responses to sadism and gamesmanship scales of 339 university students majoring in physical education were analyzed. Results showed that sadism is significantly related to high competitive performance in relative competitions, and that this relationship is mediated by gamesmanship. Our findings suggest that sadism has positive aspects, despite its negative ones. This study contributes to the development of an accurate understanding of sadism.</p>

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  • Do People with High Dark Triad Tend to Litter?

    Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Yoshino Shinya, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   28 ( 1 ) 84 - 86  2019

     View Summary

    <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between littering behavior and Dark Triad personality traits (Machiavellianism, narcissism, psychopathy). Forty-one college students (average age=19.83 years, SD=1.11; 9 males, 32 females) were assigned randomly into either a clean or a dirty laboratory condition, and participated in an experiment to assess their littering behavior. Results of Bayesian logistic regression analysis that predicted the littering index, indicated that cumulative probabilities that the odds ratio for narcissism and psychopathy exceed 1 in posterior distribution under dirty condition were 84% and 87%, respectively. The results of the present study showed that the Dark Triad personality traits may be related to littering behaviors, while previous studies focused on manipulations of condition.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • A Reinvestigation of the Age Difference in Resilience in a Large Cross-sectional Japanese Sample

    Ueno Yuki, Hirano Mari, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   28 ( 1 ) 91 - 94  2019  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>This study aimed to reinvestigate age differences in resilience in a large cross-sectional Japanese sample (N=18,843; 9,657 men, 9,156 women; meanage=47.74 years, SDage=14.89, rangeage=15–99 years). The data were obtained from a large cross-sectional study by NTT DATA Institute of Management Consulting, Inc. The results of hierarchical multiple regression indicated that age and squared term of age were significantly positively associated with resilience. These results reconfirm that resilience in Japanese individuals increases with age, corroborating the findings of previous studies.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Structure of Japanese Interpersonal Trait Words: An Analysis Based on the Psycho-Lexical Approach

    Hashimoto Yasuhiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   28 ( 1 ) 16 - 27  2019  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>This study examined the circumplex structure of Japanese interpersonal trait words based on a psycho-lexical approach. Seven hundred and nineteen undergraduate students rated 259 interpersonal trait words in regard to how accurately these words described their personality; the data were analyzed using principal component analysis. The trait words were plotted on a two-dimensional space according to their conceptual similarity, which showed a circumplex structure with two orthogonal axes—Dominance and Affiliation—suggesting the cross-cultural validity of the circumplex structure of the interpersonal trait words. Extraversion trait words were located at almost the same position as in previous studies using languages other than Japanese. Agreeable trait words were located near the Affiliation axis, which requires further research. In conclusion, trait words may be useful for constructing an item pool of interpersonal traits in Japan.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • 朝食欠食と血圧の関係 : 朝食摂取頻度と血圧を報告した20研究のメタ分析

    橋本 泰央, 岩﨑 陽佳, 上田 由喜子, 小塩 真司

    厚生の指標 = Journal of health and welfare statistics   66 ( 1 ) 18 - 26  2019.01  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Perceived Responsibility and Stressfulness Among College Students in the United States and Japan

    Kanako Taku, Atsushi Oshio, Whitney Dominick

    Journal of Loss and Trauma     1  2019.01  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • A Cross-Cultural Test of Implicit Theories of Re-requesting

    Min-Sun Kim, Atsushi Oshio, Eun Joo Kim, Katsuya Tasaki, Kenton Bruce Anderson, Ayano Yamaguchi

    Communication Research Reports     1  2019.01  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Background factors influencing postgastrectomy syndromes after various types of gastrectomy

    Kinami Shinichi, Takahashi Masazumi, Urushihara Takashi, Ikeda Masami, Yoshida Masashi, Uenosono Yoshikazu, Oshio Atsushi, Suzukamo Yoshimi, Terashima Masanori, Kodera Yasuhiro, Nakada Koji

    WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CASES   6 ( 16 ) 1111 - 1120  2018.12  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    BACKGROUND: Postgastrectomy syndromes (PGS) after curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer are influenced by not only gastrectomy type but also by background factors. Recently, a nationwide PGS study was performed using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 (PGSAS-45) questionnaire. AIM: To determine the influence of each background factor on PGS for each gastrectomy type using PGS assessment study (PGSAS) data as an additional analysis. METHODS: The data of 2368 patients were obtained from the PGSAS. This included patients undergoing distal gastrectomy (DG) with Billroth I reconstruction, DG with Roux-en-Y reconstruction, total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y, proximal gastrectomy, pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG), and local resection. Multiple regression analysis was performed to explore the independent effects of each background factor on the main outcome measures (MOMs) of PGSAS-45 for each gastrectomy type. The background factors included postoperative period, age, sex, surgical approach (laparoscopic or open), and the status of the celiac branch of the vagal nerve. RESULTS: The MOMs of DG and PPG were highly affected by background factors, whereas those of total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y, proximal gastrectomy, and local resection were not. Worse PGS were found in females, whereas a longer postoperative period alleviated some of the MOMs. For DG and PPG, a laparoscopic approach and preservation of the celiac branch improved several MOMs. CONCLUSION: Various background factors affected PGS, and their influence varied with the type of gastrectomy performed. Laparoscopic surgery and celiac branch preservation can improve PGS in patients undergoing DG and PPG.

    DOI PubMed

  • Relation between grit, competitive levels, and athletic events in Japanese athletes

    Yuki Ueno, Satoshi Suyama, Atsushi Oshio

    Journal of Physical Education and Sport   18 ( 4 ) 2253 - 2256  2018.12  [Refereed]

  • Who Shake Their Legs and Bite Their Nails? Self-Reported Repetitive Behaviors and Big Five Personality Traits

    Atsushi Oshio

    Psychological Studies   63 ( 4 ) 384  2018.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Does Marital Duration Moderate (Dis)Similarity Effects of Personality on Marital Satisfaction?

    Abe Shingo, Oshio Atsushi

    SAGE OPEN   8 ( 2 )  2018.06  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Resilience and Big Five personality traits: A meta-analysis

    Atsushi Oshio, Kanako Taku, Mari Hirano, Gul Saeed

    Personality and Individual Differences   127   54 - 60  2018.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The current review synthesized studies investigating the relationships between resilience and Big Five personality traits and aimed to investigate how the relationships vary according to the two types of resiliency, psychological resilience and ego-resiliency. Thirty studies with a total sample size of 15,609 met the inclusion criteria to be used for the current meta-analysis. Results indicated that overall, estimated average correlation coefficients for resilience were: r = −0.46 with Neuroticism, r = 0.42 for Extraversion, r = 0.34 for Openness, r = 0.31 for Agreeableness, and r = 0.42 for Conscientiousness. When comparing the differences between the two types of resiliency, a stronger negative relationship with Neuroticism, and stronger positive relationships with Openness and Agreeableness were obtained with ego-resiliency, compared with trait resilience. However, there was a lack of homogeneity in effect sizes across studies especially for ego-resilience. Directions for future research regarding resilience and the limitations of present research are discussed.

    DOI

  • The Relationship Between Decentering and Adaptiveness of Response Styles in Reducing Depression

    Haruyuki Ishikawa, Takahiro Mieda, Atsushi Oshio, Fusako Koshikawa

    Mindfulness   9 ( 2 ) 556 - 563  2018.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Recent studies have suggested that ruminative and distractive response styles to negative moods could have adaptive and maladaptive consequences, respectively. However, whether there is a common component in the adaptive aspects of ruminative or distractive response styles has not been examined sufficiently. Adaptiveness of ruminative or distractive response styles is considered to be associated with decentering
    thus, we investigated the indirect effects of four types of the response style (adaptive/maladaptive aspects of each response style) on depression through decentering. In this study, 241 Japanese undergraduate students (75 men and 166 women) were assessed using the Response Style Scale, the Japanese Version of Experience Questionnaire, and the Japanese Version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Mediation analyses revealed that decentering fully mediated the effects of adaptive aspects of ruminative and distractive response styles on depression whereas it partially mediated the effects of maladaptive aspects of response styles. These results indicate that the adaptiveness of response styles is influenced by decentering, and it particularly works in the adaptive aspects of ruminative/distractive response styles as a common element. Thus, a possibility is suggested that cultivating decentered perspective is effective in reducing maladaptive aspects of both response styles to negative moods or objects.

    DOI

  • The relationships among athletic events, competitive level, and envy: Focusing on malicious and benign envy

    Ueno Yuki, Suyama Satoshi, Oshio Atsushi

    JAPANESE JOURNAL OF RESEARCH ON EMOTIONS   25 ( 3 ) 53 - 57  2018

     View Summary

    <p>This study aimed to examine the relationship among athletes' envy, athletic events, and competitive level. A survey was conducted among 496 university athletes (428 men and 68 women). The results indicated that competitive level was positively associated with benign envy in competitive sports (open-skill sports), while no significant association between the two was observed in record sports (closed-skill sports). Moreover, athletic events and competitive level were not significantly associated with malicious envy. Therefore, envy scores differed depending on the athletic events, competitive level, and the combinations thereof.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • The relationship between resilience and age in a large cross-sectional Japanese adult sample

    Ueno Yuki, Hirano Mari, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of psychology   89 ( 5 ) 514 - 519  2018

     View Summary

    <p>This study aimed to examine the relationship between resilience and age in Japanese adults. Participants were Japanese adults (N = 5,143; 3,078 men and 2,065 women, mean age = 49.62 years, SD = 10.76, age range = 20–69 years). They responded to the Bidimensional Resilience Scale, examining innate and acquired factors of resilience. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted, and the results indicated a linearly increasing trend for resilience with age in acquired resilience factors that are strongly related to character. Additionally, a linearly increasing trend with age was also indicated in innate resilience factors that are strongly related with temperament. A significant correlation was observed with the squared term of age, suggesting a curvilinear relationship. These results suggest that resilience in Japan increases with age, which corroborates the findings of previous international studies; however, the status of age-related changes differs slightly based on whether the resilience factors are innate or acquired.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • The Relationship between the Big Five Dimensions of Personality and Competitive Level among Athletes: Athletic Event is a Moderator

    Ueno Yuki, Oshio Atsushi, Suyama Satoshi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   26 ( 3 ) 287 - 290  2018  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>This study investigated the influence of the combination of an athlete's big five personality traits and athletic event (individual/group event) regarding competitive level. A questionnaire survey was conducted with university athletes (N=857, 303 men and 554 women, mean age=19.7 years, SD=1.0). The results showed that competitive level was significantly lower when individual events were combined with high agreeableness and higher when group events were combined with high conscientiousness. These results suggest that the function of the big five personality traits differs depending on their combination with the type of athletic event.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • The development of the Japanese version of the Dispositional Greed Scale

    Masui Keita, Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Sawada Masato, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of psychology   88 ( 6 ) 566 - 573  2018  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>The purpose of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the Dispositional Greed Scale (J-DGS), and to examine its reliability and validity. The participants in this study were Japanese university students (N = 856). The principal component analysis indicated that the J-DGS had a unidimensional structure and adequate internal consistency. There were positive associations between the J-DGS and envy, psychological entitlement, materialism, impulsive buying behavior, extravagance, and neuroticism. Conversely, J-DGS scores were negatively correlated with self-control, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and agreeableness. These results, which are consistent with previous studies, confirmed the concurrent validity of the J-DGS.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Relationship between Interpersonal Traits and Big Five Personality: A Meta-Analysis

    Hashimoto Yasuhiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   26 ( 3 ) 294 - 296  2018  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>This study investigated the relationships between interpersonal traits (Nurturance and Dominance) measured by the Interpersonal Circumplex (IPC) model and Big Five personality traits. As hypothesized, a meta-analysis revealed that the angular location of Extraversion was located at 51 degrees on the IPC space, and Agreeableness was located at 325 degrees. The results also showed that Extraversion and Agreeableness were strongly correlated with Interpersonal traits than with Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness. The angular locations of Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness were 347, 224, and 46 degrees, respectively.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • 自尊感情平均値に及ぼす年齢と調査年の影響:2017年刊行の論文まで

    小塩 真司, 垣 まどか, 岡田 涼, 並川 努, 脇田 貴文

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   60 ( 0 ) 358 - 358  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • Toward the Establishment of Genuine Self-Esteem

    SUGIMORI SHINKICHI, OSHIO ATSUSHI, FURUSHO JUNICHI, ITO MINAKO, YAMASAKI KATSUYUKI

    The Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan   58 ( 0 ) 351 - 362  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • Seeing the world in black or white: The Dark Triad traits and dichotomous thinking

    Peter K. Jonason, Atsushi Oshio, Tadahiro Shimotsukasa, Takahiro Mieda, Arpad Csatho, Maria Sitnikova

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   120   102 - 106  2018.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In contrast to work examining motivational and affective biases, we examined potential cognitive biases, in the shape of dichotomous thinking (i.e., a tendency to see the world as black or white), linked to the Dark Triad traits. In Study 1 (N = 712), Japanese participants revealed that the latent variance the ostensible "adaptive" competent of the Dark Triad traits was linked to a tendency to see the world as black or white. In Study 2 (N = 1489), we replicated effects from Study 1 using a multinational sample and structural equation modeling and revealed some moderation by participants' sex and country in the relationship between the Dark Triad traits and dichotomous thinking. We discuss our results in terms of life history theory, contending black and white thinking might be part of the cognitive adaptations that make the Dark Triad traits function.

    DOI

  • The Dark Triad traits and views of time in three countries

    Peter K. Jonason, Maria Sitnikova, Atsushi Oshio

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   120   107 - 111  2018.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In samples drawn from Australia, Japan, and Russia (N = 1032) we replicated an extended work on the relationships between the Dark Triad traits (i.e., narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism) and individual differences in time perspectives. We documented that narcissism was associated with recollections of favorable pasts, whereas psychopathy and Machiavellianism were associated with recollections of unfavorable pasts. Consistent with life history models of the Dark Triad traits, the Dark Triad traits were associated with hedonism and limited future concerns. Country-wise comparisons suggested that narcissism was associated with less future concerns in Australia and Russia but more future concerns in Japan. Sex differences in future concerns were mediated by individual differences in psychopathy but suppressed by individual differences in narcissism. Results are discussed using a life history framework.

    DOI

  • Development of Gamesmanship Scale for Open-Skills Sports

    陶山 智, 藤田 主一, 小塩 真司, 大束 忠司

    応用心理学研究 = Japanese journal of applied psychology   43 ( 2 ) 134 - 143  2017.11  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • The role of anger regulation on perceived stress status and physical health

    Ayano Yamaguchi, Min-Sun Kim, Atsushi Oshio, Satoshi Akutsu

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   116   240 - 245  2017.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to cross-culturally examine associations among three different anger regulation strategies, namely, anger-in (AI), anger out (AO), and anger control (AC), perceived stress status as the psychological antecedent, and the number of claimed chronic medical conditions as the physical health. Large samples of American and Japanese adults participated in this study. The results show the cultural differences that are consistent with previous findings in the literature while extending them to the association with physical health. Consequently, culturally different path models were identified. In this study, we found that anger regulation affects perceived stress, which in turn, was associated with physical health. Discussion of these findings and their implications is provided. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Effects of Cultural Orientation, Self-Esteem, and Collective Self-Esteem on Well-Being

    Ayano Yamaguchi, Satoshi Akutsu, Atsushi Oshio, Min-Sun Kim

    Psychological Studies   62 ( 3 ) 241 - 249  2017.09

     View Summary

    This study examined a model of independent and interdependent self-construal, individual and collective self-esteem, and subjective well-being in a sample of college students from the mainland USA, Hawaii, and Japan. Specifically, the mediation role of individual as well as collective self-esteem in the effects of independent and interdependent self-construal on subjective well-being was explored. Results indicated that the hypothesized model fit well. The study found the direct effects of independent self-construal on subjective well-being in all three cultural groups. Collective self-esteem was a significant mediator of the effects of both independent and interdependent self-construal on subjective well-being only in the mainland USA. The negative effect of interdependent self-construal on collective self-esteem was observed only in the mainland USA. Better understanding of both universal and culture-specific aspects of collective self-esteem in promoting subjective well-being seems essential for further theoretical development as well as effective prevention/intervention efforts across three cultural groups.

    DOI

  • Formation of resilience in Japanese athletes: Relevance to personality traits and day-to-day resilience

    Yuki Ueno, Atsushi Oshio

    Journal of Physical Education and Sport   17 ( 3 ) 2030 - 2033  2017.09  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study examines the relationship among personality traits, day-to-day resilience, and athletes’ resilience among Japanese athletes. Participants, comprising 165 Japanese athletes (male = 57, female = 108, mean age = 19.4 years, SD = 1.2), were asked to complete a questionnaire. The results of structural equation modeling indicated that the personality traits of “Extroversion,” “Agreeableness,” “Conscientiousness,” and “Openness” were significantly associated with athletes’ resilience and related concepts such as “Athletic Mental Toughness,” “Athletic Self-understanding,” and “Athletic Physical Toughness,” which develop through innate resilience. Their personality traits were also significantly associated with concepts such as “Athletic Motivation and Challenge” and “Athletic Self-understanding,” which develop through acquired resilience. In addition, “Neuroticism” showed a significant negative association with athletes’ resilience developed through innate resilience. The findings of our study support our hypothesis that the personality traits of athletes, owing to their resilience, may vary based on whether they are involved in day-to-day life situations or in competitive situations.

    DOI

  • The Dark Triad Traits from a Life History Perspective in Six Countries

    Peter K. Jonason, Joshua D. Foster, Marina S. Egorova, Oksana Parshikova, Arpad Csatho, Atsushi Oshio, Valdiney V. Gouveia

    FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY   8  2017.08  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Work on the Dark Triad traits has benefited from the use of a life history framework but it has been limited to primarily Western samples and indirect assessments of life history strategies. Here, we examine how the Dark Triad traits (i.e., psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism) relate to two measures of individual differences in life history strategies. In Study 1 (N = 937), we replicated prior observed links between life history strategies, as measured by the Mini-K, and the Dark Triad traits using samples recruited from three countries. In Study 2 (N = 1032), we measured life history strategies using the Consideration of Future Consequences Scale and correlated it with the Dark Triad traits in samples recruited from three additional countries. While there was some variability across participants' sex and country, the results were generally consistent in that psychopathy and (to a lesser extent) Machiavellianism were related to faster life history strategies and narcissism was related to slower life history strategies. These results add cross-cultural data and the use of two measures of life history speed to understand the Dark Triad traits from a life history perspective.

    DOI

  • Self-construals and the Dark Triad traits in six countries

    Peter K. Jonason, Joshua Foster, Atsushi Oshio, Maria Sitnikova, Bela Birkas, Valdiney Gouveia

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   113   120 - 124  2017.07  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In a sample (N = 1969) drawn from six countries, we examined the relationships between individual differences in independent and interdependent self-construals and the Dark Triad traits (i.e., psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism). Overall, the Dark Traits were largely unrelated to interdependence whereas Machiavellian ism and narcissism, in particular, were associated with stronger independent self-construals. Men scored higher than women did on the Dark Triad traits in all countries with some cross-cultural variance. Women were used both more independent and interdependent self-construals than men were but these were weak and driven by country-specific effects. Sex differences in the Dark Triad traits were partially accounted for by individual differences in self-construals, but these mediation effects were quite small and speculative given limited evidence for sex differences in self-construals in the six countries we sampled. Results are discussed in terms of differentiating the Dark Triad traits. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    DOI

  • Development and validation of a simple and multifaceted instrument, GERD-TEST, for the clinical evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux and dyspeptic symptoms

    Koji Nakada, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Katsuhiko Iwakiri, Atsushi Oshio, Takashi Joh, Kazuhide Higuchi, Ken Haruma

    WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY   23 ( 28 ) 5216 - 5228  2017.07  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    AIM
    To evaluate the psychometric properties of a newly developed questionnaire, known as the gastroesophageal reflux and dyspepsia therapeutic efficacy and satisfaction test (GERD-TEST), in patients with GERD.
    METHODS
    Japanese patients with predominant GERD symptoms recruited according to the Montreal definition were treated for 4 wk using a standard dose of proton pump inhibitor (PPI). The GERD-TEST and the Medical Outcome Study Short Form-8 Health Survey (SF-8) were administered at baseline and after 4 wk of treatment. The GERD-TEST contains three domains: the severity of GERD and functional dyspepsia (FD) symptoms (5 items), the level of dissatisfaction with daily life (DS) (4 items), and the therapeutic efficacy as assessed by the patients and medication compliance (4 items).
    RESULTS
    A total of 290 patients were eligible at baseline; 198 of these patients completed 4 wk of PPI therapy. The internal consistency reliability as evaluated using the Cronbach's alpha values for the GERD, FD and DS subscales ranged from 0.75 to 0.82. The scores for the GERD, FD and DS items/subscales were significantly correlated with the physical and mental component summary scores of the SF-8. After 4 wk of PPI treatment, the scores for the GERD items/subscales were greatly reduced, ranging in value from 1.51 to 1.87 and with a large effect size (P &lt; 0.0001, Cohen's d; 1.29-1.63). Statistically significant differences in the changes in the scores for the GERD items/subscales were observed between treatment responders and non-responders (P &lt; 0.0001).
    CONCLUSION
    The GERD-TEST has a good reliability, a good convergent and concurrent validity, and is responsive to the effects of treatment. The GERD-TEST is a simple, easy to understand, and multifaceted PRO instrument applicable to both clinical trials and the primary care of GERD patients.

    DOI

  • Influence of Social Capital on natural Disaster Research in Japan (jointly worked)

    Ayano Yamaguchi, Min-Sun Kim, Oshio A, Satoshi Akutsu

    Journal of Sustainable Development   10   46 - 54  2017.05  [Refereed]

  • DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A SIMPLE AND MULTIFACETED INSTRUMENT, GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX AND DYSPEPSIA-THERAPEUTIC EFFICACY AND SATISFACTION TEST (GERD-TEST)

    Koji Nakada, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Takashi Joh, Kazuhide Higuchi, Katsuhiko Iwakiri, Atsushi Oshio, Ken Haruma

    GASTROENTEROLOGY   152 ( 5 ) S468 - S468  2017.04  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • THE INFLUENCE OF DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY STATUS ON THE THERAPEUTIC EFFICACY OF PPI ON THE GERD AND FD SYMPTOMS. NEW INSIGHTS BY THE CROSS-LAGGED EFFECTS MODEL

    Koji Nakada, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Takashi Joh, Kazuhide Higuchi, Katsuhiko Iwakiri, Atsushi Oshio, Ken Haruma

    GASTROENTEROLOGY   152 ( 5 ) S467 - S468  2017.04  [Refereed]

  • Relationships among dichotomous thinking, psychological health, and feeling of self-growth in athletes

    上野 雄己, 三枝 高大, 小塩 真司, 中澤 史

    法政大学スポーツ研究センター紀要 = Bulletin of Sports Research Center, Hosei University   ( 35 ) 27 - 32  2017.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    本研究では、スポーツ競技者を対象とした、二分法的思考と心理的健康、成長感との関連を検討することを目的とする。調査対象者は、大学の体育会運動部に所属する学生154名(男性54名、女性100名、平均年齢19.4歳、SD=1.2)であり、質問紙を用いた調査を行った。分析の結果から、二分法的思考尺度の下位尺度である二分法的信念はバーンアウト傾向との間で正の関連、自尊感情と部活動適応感、競技的成長感、人間的成長感との間で負の関連、損得思考では自尊感情と部活動適応感との間で正の関連が示された。一方で、二分法の選好では有意な関連を示す変数が確認されなかった。以上のことから、二分法的思考の下位概念によって、スポーツ競技者の心理的健康や成長感に対して適応的・不適応的な反応が多様であることが示唆された。

    DOI CiNii

  • Introduction to Educational Psychology for Teachers

    OKUBO TOMOO, OSHIO ATSUSHI, KISHINO MAI, SHINOGAYA KEITA

    The Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan   56 ( 0 ) 250 - 255  2017  [Refereed]  [Invited]

    DOI CiNii

  • Correlations between factors characteristic of competitive sports and dichotomous thinking

    Ueno Yuki, Mieda Takahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    Journal of Health Psychology Research   30 ( 1 ) 35 - 44  2017  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>Correlations between factors characteristic of competitive sports (athletic events and competitive levels) and dichotomous thinking were investigated. A questionnaire survey was conducted with university students in university athletic clubs (N=200, 67 men and 133 women, mean age=19.5, SD=1.2). The results indicated the following. (1) Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (DTI, Oshio, 2009) is appropriate for use with athletes. (2) Athletes in general use more dichotomous thinking, compared to average Japanese university students. (3) No significant differences in DTI scores were observed between individual and group events, although the possibility of a hierarchical structure consisting of micro (individual athletes)–macro (athletic group: athletic event) was suggested. (4) DTI score of male athletes tended to be higher in the high-competitive, compared to the low-competitive group. These results indicate that dichotomous thinking, which could be maladaptive, might have adaptive functions in sports.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Development and Validation of the Japanese Version of the Short Dark Triad(SD3-J)

    Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   26 ( 1 ) 12 - 22  2017  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy are collectively called "Dark Triad" because of they are socially aversive traits. The Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD) and the Short Dark Triad (SD3) were developed as brief measures of the Dark Triad outside Japan. While the DTDD has recently been translated into Japanese, the SD3 has not yet been translated. The purpose of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the SD3 (SD3-J) and to examine its reliability and validity. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SD3-J had a bi-factor structure. Alpha coefficients for each dimension of the SD3-J showed sufficient levels. Correlation analyses and partial correlation analyses between the SD3-J and existing scales of each Dark Triad trait confirmed the concurrent, discriminant, and incremental validity of the SD3-J. Thus, the SD3-J was confirmed as a useful measure of the Dark Triad in Japan.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Punitiveness and "Irrational" Thinking

    Mukai Tomoya, Mieda Takahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    Japanese Journal of Law and Psychology   17 ( 1 ) 86 - 94  2017  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In theoretical criminology, it is argued that the recent heightened punitiveness toward criminals has its root in the "emotionalization of law" and "irrational" thinking. To test this theoretical suggestion, this question- naire-based research attempted to show how variables such as dichotomous thinking, social dominance orien- tation, assumed self-competence, and information processing style affect punitiveness. Our results show that although all these variables are related to punitiveness, rational processing style and dichotomous thinking are stronger predictors of punitiveness than the other variables. This implies that some "irrational" elements are embedded in punitive attitudes, which must be taken into consideration if we wish to understand public opinion on punishment. In addition, social and theoretical implications are discussed.

    DOI CiNii

  • Correlations between the factors characteristic of competitive sports and the dark triad

    Yuki Ueno, Tadahiro Shimotsukasa, Satoshi Suyama, Atsushi Oshio

    Journal of Physical Education and Sport   17 ( 2 ) 533 - 536  2017  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Correlations between the factors characteristic of competitive sports, such as the type of athletic event and competitive level, and the dark triad were investigated. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 506 Japanese university athletes (217 male and 289 female, mean age = 19.9, SD = 0.8). A three-way ANOVA indicated significant and marginal significant main effects of gender (male/ female), type of athletic event (record-style events/ game-style events), and competitive level (low-competitive group/ high-competitive group) on total dark triad score and its sub-scale scores, including Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism, as well as marginally significant two-way and three-way interactions among their specific combinations. These results are suggestive of correlations between the dark triad and gender, type of athletic event, and competitive level. It is suggested that future studies should investigate causal relationships between the strength of the dark triad and the processes of exhibiting performance and problem behaviors in athletes.

    DOI

  • Younger people, and stronger effects of all-or-nothing thoughts on aggression: Moderating effects of age on the relationships between dichotomous thinking and aggression

    Atsushi Oshio, Takahiro Mieda, Kanako Taku

    Cogent Psychology   3 ( 1 )  2016.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Binary or dichotomous thinking may lead to aggression throughout people’s lifespan
    additionally, relationships are likely to be affected by types of aggression (i.e. physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility) as well as gender and age. Using large-scale data (N = 2,315), the current study tested if age or gender moderated dichotomous thinking’s correlation with four different types of aggression. Participants (Mage = 36.1, SD = 16.2, range = 18–69) completed the Dichotomous Thinking Inventory and the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. Dichotomous thinking differentially affected aggression depending on participants’ age: dichotomous thinking and aggression were more strongly correlated in younger participants. Individuals’ tendency to think dichotomously appeared relatively stable
    however, age appeared to moderate dichotomous thinking’s effects.

    DOI

  • A Cross-temporal Meta-analysis of Self-esteem Research in Japan

    小塩 真司, 脇田 貴文, 岡田 涼, 並川 努, 茂垣 まどか

    発達心理学研究 = The Japanese journal of developmental psychology   27 ( 4 ) 299 - 311  2016.12  [Refereed]  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • Development of a Japanese version of the International Personality Item Pool-Interpersonal Circumplex

    Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Atsushi Oshio

    Shinrigaku Kenkyu   87 ( 4 ) 395 - 404  2016.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study was used to develop a Japanese version of the International Personality Item Pool-Interpersonal Circumplex and examined its reliability and validity. Participants included 625 Japanese university students. They completed the IPIP-IPC-J and one or two other scales: the Japanese version of Ten Item Personality Inventory (Oshio et al., 2012)
    a short form of the Japanese Big Five Scale (Namikawa et al., 2012)
    the Japanese Version of Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Tamura et al., 2015)
    the Friendship scale (Okada, 1995)
    or the Assertion Inventory (Murayama et al., 1991). The IPIP-IPC-J was administered again to 65 participants five weeks later to determine test-retest reliability. The results generally supported the reliability and validity of the IPIP-IPC-J.

    DOI CiNii

  • Factors affecting the quality of life of patients after gastrectomy as assessed using the newly developed PGSAS-45 scale: A nationwide multi-institutional study

    Koji Nakada, Masazumi Takahashi, Masami Ikeda, Shinichi Kinami, Masashi Yoshida, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Sayumi Nakao, Atsushi Oshio, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Masanori Terashima, Yasuhiro Kodera

    WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY   22 ( 40 ) 8978 - 8990  2016.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    AIM
    To identify certain clinical factors other than the type of gastrectomy which affect the postoperative quality of life (QOL) of patients after gastrectomy.
    METHODS
    The postgastrectomy syndrome assessment scale (PGSAS)-45 was designed to assess the severity of symptoms, the living status and the QOL of gastrectomized patients. It consists of 45 items, of which 22 are original items while 23 were retrieved from the SF-8 and Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale questionnaires with permission. A nationwide surveillance study to validate PGSAS was conducted and 2368 gastric cancer patients who underwent various types of gastrectomy at 52 medical institutions were enrolled. Of these, 1777 patients who underwent total gastrectomy (TG) reconstructed with Roux-Y (n = 393), distal gastrectomy (DG) reconstructed with Billroth-I (n = 909), or DG reconstructed with Roux-Y (n = 475) were evaluated in the current study. The influence of the type of gastrectomy and other clinical factors such as age, sex, duration after surgery, the symptom severity, the degree of weight loss, dietary intake, and the ability for working on the postoperative QOL (i.e., dissatisfaction for daily life subscale, physical component summary and mental component summary of the SF-8) were examined by multiple regression analysis (MRA). In addition, importance of various symptoms such as esophageal reflux, abdominal pain, meal-related distress, indigestion, diarrhea, constipation and dumping on the postoperative living status and QOL were also appraised by MRA.
    RESULTS
    The postoperative QOL were significantly deteriorated in patients who underwent TG compared to those after DG. However, the extent of gastrectomy was not an influential factor on patients' QOL when adjusted by the MRA. Among various clinical factors, the symptom severity, ability for working, and necessity for additional meals were the most influential factors to the postoperative QOL. As for the individual symptoms, meal-related distress, dumping, abdominal pain, and esophageal reflux significantly affected the postoperative QOL in that order, while the influence of indigestion, diarrhea and constipation was insignificant.
    CONCLUSION
    Several clinical factors such as the symptom severity (especially in meal-related distress and dumping), ability for working and necessity for additional meals were the main factors which affected the patients' wellbeing after gastrectomy.

    DOI

  • Systematic Review of the Personality Profile of Paramedics: Bringing Evidence into Emergency Medical Personnel Recruitment Policy

    Mirhaghi Amir, Mirhaghi Maryam, Oshio Atsushi, Sarabian Saeid

    EURASIAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE   15 ( 3 ) 144 - 149  2016.09  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • The five-factor model of personality and physical inactivity: A meta-analysis of 16 samples

    Angelina R. Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Martina Luchetti, Ashley Artese, Atsushi Oshio, Antonio Terracciano

    JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY   63   22 - 28  2016.08  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    A sedentary lifestyle is harmful for health; personality traits may contribute to physical (in)activity. With participant-level data from 16 samples (N &gt; 125,000), we examined the personality correlates of physical inactivity, frequency of physical activity, and sedentary behavior (in a subset of samples). Lower Neuroticism and higher Conscientiousness were associated with more physical activity and less inactivity and sedentary behavior. Extraversion and Openness were also associated with more physical activity and less inactivity, but these traits were mostly unrelated to specific sedentary behaviors (e.g., TV watching). The results generally did not vary by age or sex. The findings support the notion that the interest, motivational, emotional, and interpersonal processes assessed by five-factor model traits partly shape the individual's engagement in physical activity. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Self-Construals, Anger Regulation, and Life Satisfaction in the United States and Japan

    Satoshi Akutsu, Ayano Yamaguchi, Min-Sun Kim, Atsushi Oshio

    FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY   7  2016.05  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Previous studies have reported evidence that indicates differences between Western and East Asian cultures in anger regulation and its psychological consequences. However, many of these studies have focused on a specific anger regulation strategy and its relation with a psychological consequence. Here, we developed an integrated model that can comprehensively examine three different anger regulation strategies (anger suppression, expression, and control), independent and interdependent self-construals as the psychological antecedent, and life satisfaction as the psychological consequence. We estimated the model using large samples of American and Japanese adults to examine the associations between the two self-construals, three anger regulation strategies, and life satisfaction. We compared the difference in the patterns of relationships among the key constructs between the American and Japanese samples. The results confirmed previously suggested cultural differences while also discovering new culturally different paths. The results generally suggest that individual-level self-construals matter more when anger is a culturally condoned emotion (vs. condemned). The implications and limitations of the integrated model are discussed.

    DOI

  • A Cross-temporal Meta-analysis of Self-esteem Research in Japan

    Oshio Atsushi, Wakita Takafumi, Okada Ryo, Namikawa Tsutomu, Mogaki Madoka

    The Japanese Journal of Developmental Psychology   27 ( 4 ) 299 - 311  2016

     View Summary

    <p>Self-esteem is one of the popular constructs in psychological studies, and there have been many studies wherein a meta-analysis of self-esteem research has been conducted. This study focused on research involving cross-temporal meta-analyses, wherein samples who completed the same psychological questionnaires at different points in historical time are located. Oshio et al. (2014) found that mean scores of self-esteem tended to decrease with survey year. Okada et al. (2015) conducted a meta-analysis to examine gender differences in reported self-esteem in Japan, and found that effect size decreased with survey year. This article provides a detailed description of cross-temporal research on self-esteem and discusses the direction of future research on self-esteem from the perspective of historical change.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Evaluation of test-retest reliability in the development of psychological scales: A meta-analysis of correlation coefficients described in the "Japanese Journal of Psychology"

    Oshio Atsushi

    JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW   59 ( 1 ) 68 - 83  2016

     View Summary

    <p>Reporting of reliability coefficients is an important procedure in articles describing the development of new psychological scales. However, it appears that Japanese psychology researchers have not yet arrived at a consensus regarding what constitutes a desirable magnitude for a reliability coefficient. In this study, I conducted a meta-analysis summarizing 65 test-retest correlations from 58 studies published in the Japanese Journal of Psychology, which is a highly-ranked peer-reviewed psychological journal in Japan. The results of a meta-analysis, which involved the use of a random effect model, showed that the desirable mean test-retest correlation was ρ =.76 (95% CI =.70–.81). There was no significant relationship between the test-retest correlations and coefficients alpha. The number of items of the scale correlated positively with the test-retest correlation coefficients. Researchers tended to mention problems regarding test-retest coefficients only when they were less than r =.50. The desirable usage of reliability coefficients was also discussed.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Introduction to Educational Psychology for Teachers

    大久保 智生, 小塩 真司, 岸野 麻衣, 篠ヶ谷 圭太

    教育心理学年報 = The annual report of educational phychology in Japan   56   250 - 255  2016  [Refereed]  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • Development of a Japanese version of the International Personality Item Pool-Interpersonal Circumplex

    Hashimoto Yasuhiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of psychology   87 ( 4 ) 395 - 404  2016  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study was used to develop a Japanese version of the International Personality Item Pool-Interpersonal Circumplex and examined its reliability and validity. Participants included 625 Japanese university students. They completed the IPIP-IPC-J and one or two other scales: the Japanese version of Ten Item Personality Inventory (Oshio et al., 2012); a short form of the Japanese Big Five Scale (Namikawa et al., 2012); the Japanese Version of Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Tamura et al., 2015); the Friendship scale (Okada, 1995); or the Assertion Inventory (Murayama et al., 1991). The IPIP-IPC-J was administered again to 65 participants five weeks later to determine test-retest reliability. The results generally supported the reliability and validity of the IPIP-IPC-J.

    DOI CiNii

  • Structure and Characteristics of Entitlement: Focus on Three Dimensions of Entitlement

    Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   24 ( 3 ) 179 - 189  2016  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Narcissistic entitlement can be divided into two subtypes: grandiose entitlement (GE) and vulnerable entitlement (VE). However, there is also psychological entitlement (PE), which is different from narcissistic entitlement. This study examined the similarities and differences of GE, VE, and PE. Participants were 941 Japanese individuals who responded to an Internet survey and 174 Japanese undergraduates who completed a questionnaire-based survey. GE and VE were related to devaluing others, and had dichotomous thinking in common. GE and PE were different from VE in relation to neuroticism. PE was distinct from GE and VE in association with self-esteem. Based on these results, the conceptual features of the three types of entitlements are discussed.

    DOI CiNii

  • Fundamental Study of Competitive Performance among Athletes : Development of Self-evaluation of Competitive Performance Questionnaire

    Yuki UENO, Atsushi OSHIO

    心理学研究 : 健康心理学専攻・臨床心理学専攻 = Study of psychology : health psychology and clinical psychology   6 ( 6 ) 95 - 103  2016  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Relationship between bicultural identity and psychological well-being among american and japanese older adults

    Ayano Yamaguchi, Min-Sun Kim, Atsushi Oshio, Satoshi Akutsu

    Health Psychology Open   3 ( 1 ) 1 - 12  2016  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In a large national sample of American and Japanese older adults, this study investigated how bicultural identity affects perception of health and well-being in 11 individual psychological variables (i.e. positive well-being: self-esteem, optimism, subjective well-being Japanese equivalent, gratitude, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-positive adjectives, and satisfaction with life
    negative well-being: depression, pessimism, social anxiety, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-negative adjectives, and perceived stress). This sample consisted of 1248 Americans from the Midlife in the United States survey, 2004-2006, and 380 Japanese from the Midlife in Japan survey in Tokyo, Japan, 2008-2010. Results showed that bicultural individuals (having both highly independent and interdependent self-construals) in both countries tend to exhibit higher scores across most perceived health and well-being measures when compared to other groups (i.e. marginal, interdependent, and independent). Cultural-specific aspects of self-construal, health, and well-being are explained to support the findings. Discussion of these findings and their implications is also provided.

    DOI

  • Specific Features of Dumping Syndrome after Various Types of Gastrectomy as Assessed by a Newly Developed Integrated Questionnaire, the PGSAS-45.

    Yutaka Tanizawa, Kazuaki Tanabe, Hiroshi Kawahira, Junya Fujita, Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Masazumi Takahashi, Yuichi Ito, Norio Mitsumori, Tsutomu Namikawa, Atsushi Oshio, Koji Nakada

    Digestive surgery   33 ( 2 ) 94 - 103  2016  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    AIM: Dumping syndrome is a well-known adverse outcome after gastrectomy, but the precise clinical features have not been described. The aim of this study was to examine global aspects of dumping syndrome and to explore factors affecting the intensity of dumping syndrome in a large cohort using a newly developed integrated questionnaire, the Post-Gastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale (PGSAS)-45. METHODS: Eligible questionnaires retrieved from 2,368 patients after 6 types of gastrectomy were analyzed. The incidence, intensity and number of symptoms of early general, early abdominal and late dumping syndrome were examined across various types of gastrectomy, and clinical factors affecting the intensity of each category of dumping syndrome were identified by multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Dumping syndromes occurred most frequently and strongly in patients who underwent total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y (TGRY), followed by proximal gastrectomy (PG), distal gastrectomy with Billroth-I, distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y, pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) and local resection (LR), in that order. Significant positive correlations among different categories of dumping syndromes were observed. TGRY, female sex, younger age, division of the celiac branch of the vagus nerve, PG and shorter postoperative period were independently related to worse dumping syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Dumping syndromes were most common after TGRY and least common after PPG and LR among the various gastrectomy procedures. Type of gastrectomy and several clinical factors were related to the intensity of dumping syndrome. PGSAS-45 could offer a useful tool for evaluating dumping syndrome after gastrectomy.

    DOI PubMed

  • Factors affecting response to proton pump inhibitor therapy in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: a multicenter prospective observational study

    Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Mineo Kudo, Norimasa Yoshida, Kazunari Murakami, Mototsugu Kato, Tsuyoshi Sanuki, Atsushi Oshio, Takashi Joh, Kazuhide Higuchi, Ken Haruma, Koji Nakada

    JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY   50 ( 12 ) 1173 - 1183  2015.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Background Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy, the first-line treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is not always effective. This study aimed to examine the effect of pretreatment patient characteristics on response to PPI therapy.
    Methods Japanese outpatients with symptomatic GERD scheduled to receive endoscopy and PPI therapy were enrolled in this multicenter prospective observational study. The patients' characteristics, including GERD and dyspeptic symptoms, anxiety, depression, and quality of life, were assessed using questionnaires before and 2 and 4 weeks after the start of PPI therapy. Factors affecting therapeutic response were examined by simple and multiple regression analyses using three patient-reported outcome measures as objective variables.
    Results Data from 182 patients were analyzed. In multiple regression analysis using the residual symptom rate as an objective variable, lower GERD symptom score (p &lt; 0.05), absence of erosive esophagitis (p &lt; 0.05), higher epigastric pain/burning symptom score (p &lt; 0.05), and higher depression subscale score (p &lt; 0.05) accompanied poorer therapeutic response. In analyses using the patient's impression of therapy, lower GERD symptom score (p &lt; 0.05) and absence of erosive esophagitis (p &lt; 0.05) accompanied poorer therapeutic response. In analyses using the relative GERD symptom intensity evaluated using a numeric rating scale, lower GERD symptom score (p &lt; 0.05), higher epigastric pain/burning symptom score (p &lt; 0.1), and lower body mass index (p &lt; 0.05) accompanied poorer therapeutic response.
    Conclusions Patients who complained of milder GERD symptoms before treatment were likely to have poorer response to PPI therapy. Association of absence of erosive esophagitis, severer epigastric pain/burning symptoms, lower body mass index, and severer depression with poorer therapeutic response was also suggested.

    DOI

  • An item-level analysis of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: Relationships with an examination of core beliefs and deliberate rumination

    Kanako Taku, Atsushi Oshio

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   86   156 - 160  2015.11  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Posttraumatic growth (PTG), positive change that may occur as a result of psychological struggle with a traumatic event, has been widely reported across cultures. However, there is some disagreement on how the self-reported PTG, measured by the PTG Inventory (PTGI), reflects the construct that is described in PTG theory. The current study was designed to conduct an item-level analysis of the PTGI to identify the type of growth that is explained by an examination of one's core beliefs and deliberate rumination - two major precursors for PTG, according to a PTG theoretical model. A multivariate multiple regression analysis predicting each of the PTGI items was conducted with young adults who experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake (N = 316). Results indicated that five out of 21 items were explained by both core beliefs' examination and deliberate rumination and 13 were explained by only core beliefs' examination. Three items were not accounted for by either core beliefs' examination or deliberate rumination. These findings indicate that most types of PTG assessed by the PTGI are likely to occur when core beliefs are challenged; however, some types of PTG may occur without cognitive effort. Future research should consider the variation within the PTGI. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Age and Gender Differences of Big Five Personality Traits in a Cross-Sectional Japanese Sample

    川本 哲也, 小塩 真司, 阿部 晋吾

    発達心理学研究   26 ( 2 ) 107 - 122  2015.06  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Factors that minimize postgastrectomy symptoms following pylorus-preserving gastrectomy: assessment using a newly developed scale (PGSAS-45)

    Tsutomu Namikawa, Naoki Hiki, Shinichi Kinami, Hiroshi Okabe, Takashi Urushihara, Hiroshi Kawahira, Norimasa Fukushima, Yasuhiro Kodera, Takeyoshi Yumiba, Atsushi Oshio, Koji Nakada

    GASTRIC CANCER   18 ( 2 ) 397 - 406  2015.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) is sometimes performed as a function-preserving surgery for the treatment of early gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to use an integrated assessment scale for postgastrectomy syndrome to determine the appropriate indicators and optimal methods for PPG.
    The Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Study (PGSAS) is a multicenter survey based on an integrated questionnaire (PGSAS-45) consisting of 45 items. Questionnaire responses were retrieved from a total of 2,520 patients, each of whom had undergone one of six different types of gastrectomy procedures; 313 responses from patients who had received PPG were analyzed here.
    The size of the proximal gastric remnant (less than one-quarter, about one-third, or more than one-half of the original size) significantly influenced the change in body weight, the scores for dissatisfaction at the meal, and dissatisfaction for daily life subscale (P = 0.030, P = 0.005, P = 0.034, respectively). The nausea score in patients who underwent hand-sewn anastomosis was significantly lower than in those who underwent anastomosis with a linear stapler (P = 0.006). The scores for diarrhea subscale, increased passage of stools, and sense of foods sticking differed significantly depending on the length of the preserved pyloric cuff (P = 0.047, P = 0.021, P = 0.046, respectively).
    The results suggest that preservation of a sufficient proximal gastric remnant is recommended when utilizing PPG as function-preserving surgery.

    DOI

  • Structure of values in food choice : Comparison between undergraduate students and employee in Japan

    小塩 真司, 清原 昭子, 福井 充

    行動科学   53 ( 2 ) 97 - 110  2015.03  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”

    Gerard Saucier, Judith Kenner, Kathryn Iurino, Philippe Bou Malham, Zhuo Chen, Amber Gayle Thalmayer, Markus Kemmelmeier, William Tov, Rachid Boutti, Henok Metaferia, Banu Çankaya, Khairul Anwar Mastor, Kung-Yu Hsu, Rongxian Wu, M. Maniruzzaman, Janvier Rugira, Ioannis Tsaousis, Oleg Sosnyuk, Jyoti Regmi Adhikary, Katarzyna Skrzypińska, Boonmee Poungpet, John Maltby, Maria Guadalupe C. Salanga, Adriana Racca, Atsushi Oshio, Elsie Italia, Anastassiya Kovaleva, Masanobu Nakatsugawa, Fabia Morales-Vives, Victor M. Ruiz, Ricardo A. Braun Gutierrez, Anindita Sarkar, Tripti Deo, Lenah Sambu, Elizabeth Huisa Veria, Marilia Ferreira Dela Coleta, S. G. Kiama, Soraj Hongladoram, Robbin Derry, Héctor Zazueta Beltrán, T. K. Peng, Matthias Wilde, Fr. Arul Ananda, Sarmila Banerjee, Mahmut Bayazit, Serenity Joo, Hong Zhang, Ekaterina Orel, Boris Bizumic, Seraphine Shen-Miller, Sean Watts, Marcos Emanoel Pereira, Ernesto Gore, Doug Wilson, Daniel Pope, Bekele Gutema, Hani Henry, Jovi Clemente Dacanay, Jerry Dixon, Nils Köbis, Jose Luque, Jackie Hood, Dipti Chakravorty, Ananda Mohan Pal, Laysee Ong, Angela Leung, Carlos Altschul

    Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   46 ( 1 ) 53 - 70  2015.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    We know that there are cross-cultural differences in psychological variables, such as individualism/collectivism. But it has not been clear which of these variables show relatively the greatest differences. The Survey of World Views project operated from the premise that such issues are best addressed in a diverse sampling of countries representing a majority of the world’s population, with a very large range of item-content. Data were collected online from 8,883 individuals (almost entirely college students based on local publicizing efforts) in 33 countries that constitute more than two third of the world’s population, using items drawn from measures of nearly 50 variables. This report focuses on the broadest patterns evident in item data. The largest differences were not in those contents most frequently emphasized in cross-cultural psychology (e.g., values, social axioms, cultural tightness), but instead in contents involving religion, regularity-norm behaviors, family roles and living arrangements, and ethnonationalism. Content not often studied cross-culturally (e.g., materialism, Machiavellianism, isms dimensions, moral foundations) demonstrated moderate-magnitude differences. Further studies are needed to refine such conclusions, but indications are that cross-cultural psychology may benefit from casting a wider net in terms of the psychological variables of focus.

    DOI

  • Age and Gender Differences of Big Five Personality Traits in a Cross-Sectional Japanese Sample

    Kawamoto Tetsuya, Oshio Atsushi, Abe Shingo, Tsubota Yuki, Hirashima Taro, Ito Hiroyuki, Tani Iori

    The Japanese Journal of Developmental Psychology   26 ( 2 ) 107 - 122  2015

     View Summary

    This study explored the effects of age and gender on the mean levels of Big Five personality traits in Japanese adulthood. The data for the present study were drawn from a large cross-sectional study. The participants were 4,588 adults (2,476 women, M age=53.5 years, SD age=12.9, age range: 23–79 years), and the analyzed measure was a Japanese version of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J; Oshio, Abe, & Cutrone, 2012). Multiple regression analyses were carried out to determine the effects of age, gender, and the interaction between the two on each Big Five scale. Age differences were found suggesting that agreeableness and conscientiousness are positively associated with age. Gender differences were also found suggesting that females have higher levels of extraversion, while males are more open to experience. An Age×Sex effect was confirmed only on neuroticism, indicating that younger females' level of neuroticism is significantly higher than males, but older females' level is lower and is at the same level as males.

    DOI CiNii

  • Development of a Scale of Immature/Mature Love

    Kosaka Yasumasa, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Developmental Psychology   26 ( 3 ) 225 - 236  2015  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This report documents the instrumentation of a Scale of Immature/Mature Love (SIML). 750 individuals who had a boyfriend or girlfriend completed an on-line questionnaire with scale items scale based on a three-dimension model (Kosaka, 2011). The "Relativity-Absoluteness(R-A)" dimension represented loving one's partner because he/she compared favorably with others, or loving the partner unconditionally. The "Ownership-Openness(O-O)" dimension was about monopolizing the partner, or hoping for the partner's happiness and well-being. The "Immersiveness-Leapingness(I-L)" dimension reflected excessive focus on the relationship with one's partner, or challenges for the future based on the existence of the partner. Confirmatory factor analysis supported these three dimensions. A "Lover Score" based on all SIML items showed positive correlations with scores for identity, intimacy, relationship satisfaction, desire to marry the partner, and positive effects of the romantic relationship, and negative correlations with scores for negative effects of the romantic relationship. R-A scores correlated significantly with evaluations of the relationship and satisfaction, I-L scores shows significant correlations with ego development, and O-O scores showed only weak correlations with other variables.

    DOI CiNii

  • Examination of the Dual Processing Model of Psychological Resilience among University Athletes

    Ueno Yuki, Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   24 ( 2 ) 151 - 154  2015  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study investigated the dual processing model of psychological resilience among university athletes. Participants were 162 university athletes (male=55, female=107, mean age=19.7, SD=1.2), who were asked to complete a questionnaire containing questions on psychological resilience, self-esteem, burnout, self-evaluation of competitive performance, and athletic growth. Results of structure equation modeling indicated that psychological resilience was negatively associated with burnout via self-esteem and positively associated with athletic growth through self-evaluation of competitive performance. The findings of this study support our hypothesis that university athletes' psychological resilience promotes growth and reduces burnout.

    DOI CiNii

  • Development of the Subjective Graph Drawing Methods of Resilience : The Process of Athletes' Resilience

    Yuki UENO, Atsushi OSHIO

    心理学研究 : 健康心理学専攻・臨床心理学専攻 = Study of psychology : health psychology and clinical psychology   5 ( 5 ) 75 - 89  2015  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • JH06 青年期の自己変容としての化粧行動 : 青年心理学の新展開(8)(自主企画シンポジウム)

    高坂 康雅, 千島 雄太, 木戸 彩恵, 小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   57 ( 0 ) 112 - 113  2015  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • JA04 Rosenbergの自尊感情尺度 : 尺度内容・発達変化・時代変化(自主企画シンポジウム)

    小塩 真司, 茂垣 まどか, 岡田 涼, 並川 努, 脇田 貴文, 中間 玲子, 岡田 努

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   57 ( 0 ) 28 - 29  2015  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • Effects of anger regulation and social anxiety on perceived stress

    Ayano Yamaguchi, Min-Sun Kim, Satoshi Akutsu, Atsushi Oshio

    Health Psychology Open   2 ( 2 ) 1 - 9  2015  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The mediating role of social anxiety was explored within the effect of anger regulation on perceived stress in the national sample of American and Japanese older adults. Results indicated that anger suppression is a significant factor in perceived stress mediated by social anxiety. Anger suppression was also directly related to perceived stress. The correlation of anger suppression with social anxiety was stronger in Japan than in the United States. Understanding both universal and culture-specific aspects of emotion regulation and perceived stress will be essential for the development of sound theory, future research, and effective prevention and intervention efforts.

    DOI

  • Characteristics and clinical relevance of postgastrectomy syndrome assessment scale (PGSAS)-45: newly developed integrated questionnaires for assessment of living status and quality of life in postgastrectomy patients

    Koji Nakada, Masami Ikeda, Masazumi Takahashi, Shinichi Kinami, Masashi Yoshida, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Atsushi Oshio, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Masanori Terashima, Yasuhiro Kodera

    GASTRIC CANCER   18 ( 1 ) 147 - 158  2015.01  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Lack of a suitable instrument to comprehensively assess symptoms, living status, and quality of life in postgastrectomy patients prompted the authors to develop postgastrectomy syndrome assessment scale (PGSAS)-45.
    PGSAS-45 consists of 45 items in total: 8 items from SF-8, 15 items from GSRS, and an additional 22 items selected by 47 gastric surgeons. Using the PGSAS-45, a multi-institutional survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of postgastrectomy syndrome and its impact on everyday life among patients who underwent various types of gastrectomy. Eligible data were obtained from 2,368 patients operated and followed at 52 institutions in Japan. Of these, data from 1,777 patients were used in the current study in which symptom subscales of the PGSAS-45 were determined. We also considered the characteristics of the postgastrectomy syndrome and to what extent these symptoms influence patients' living status and quality of life (QOL).
    By factor analysis, 23 symptom-related items of PGSAS-45 were successfully clustered into seven symptom subscales that represent esophageal reflux, abdominal pain, meal-related distress, indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, and dumping. These seven symptom subscales and two other subscales measuring quality of ingestion and dissatisfaction for daily life, respectively, had good internal consistency in terms of Cronbach's alpha (0.65-0.88).
    PGSAS-45 provides a valid and reliable integrated index for evaluation of symptoms, living status, and QOL in gastrectomized patients.

    DOI

  • Development, Reliability, and Validity of the Japanese Version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD-J)

    Tamura Ayame, Oshio Atsushi, Tanaka Keisuke, Masui Keita, Jonason Peter K.

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   24 ( 1 ) 26 - 37  2015  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The Dark Triad (DT) is a constellation of three socially undesirable personality traits: Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. This study developed a Japanese version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD-J) which used a self-report measure of the DT, and examined its reliability and validity. Undergraduate students (N=246) completed the DTDD-J, three measures of each DT personality trait, and the Big-Five Scale. Hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the DTDD-J had three group factors corresponding to each DT personality trait, and one general factor of comprehensive DT. Internal consistencies of the DTDD-J were high, except for psychopathy. Concurrent validity and discriminant validity of the DTDD-J were almost consistent with previous research. Although there are remaining issues, the results generally support the reliability and validity of the DTDD-J.

    DOI CiNii

  • A Meta-Analysis of Gender Differences in Self-Esteem in Japanese

    Okada Ryo, Oshio Atsushi, Mogaki Madoka, Wakita Takafumi, Namikawa Tsutomu

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   24 ( 1 ) 49 - 60  2015  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This meta-analysis examined gender differences in self-esteem reported in Japanese research studies. The moderating effects of the ages of the participants in the samples, the years when the research studies were conducted, and the types of translation were also examined. Studies that measured self-esteem of Japanese participants, analyzed by gender, using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were searched via a comprehensive literature review. Fifty studies published from 1982 to 2013 were collected. The estimated population effect size (Hedges's g) was .17, indicating that males scored slightly higher in self-esteem than females. Analyses of moderating variables revealed that the effect sizes varied according to the ages of the participants and the years when the research studies were conducted. These findings provide an empirical basis for discussion of gender differences in self-esteem among Japanese people.

    DOI CiNii

  • 心理テストは信用できるのか (特集 その心理学信じていいですか?)

    小塩 真司

    心理学ワールド   ( 68 ) 13 - 16  2015.01  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • A Reconsideration of Adaptation to the University Life:A Reply to HANZAWA's, ISHIDA's, and TAKENAKA's Comments

    OSUMI Kanae, OSHIO Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of adlescent psychology   25 ( 2 ) 181 - 186  2014

    DOI CiNii

  • キャリア教育科目「自己開拓」の効果 : 2013年度の授業について

    佐藤 友美, 小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, 間宮 基文

    中部大学教育研究   ( 14 ) 67 - 73  2014

    CiNii

  • キャリア教育科目「自己開拓」の効果 : 2013年度の授業について

    佐藤 友美, 小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, ハヤシ ヨシタカ, Hayashi Yoshitaka, 間宮 基文, マミヤ モトフミ, Mamiya Motofumi

    中部大学教育研究   ( 14 ) 67 - 73  2014

    CiNii

  • Further Validity of the Japanese Version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J) Cross-Language Evidence for Content Validity

    Atsushi Oshio, Shingo Abe, Pino Cutrone, Samuel D. Gosling

    JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   35 ( 4 ) 236 - 244  2014  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI; Gosling, Rentfrow, & Swann, 2003) is a widely used very brief measure of the Big Five personality dimensions. Oshio, Abe, and Cutrone (2012) have developed a Japanese version of the TIPI (TIPI-J), which demonstrated acceptable levels of reliability and validity. Until now, all studies examining the validity of the TIPI-J have been conducted in the Japanese language; this reliance on a single language raises concerns about the instrument's content validity because the instrument could demonstrate reliability (e.g., retest) and some forms of validity (e.g., convergent) but still not capture the full range of the dimensions as originally conceptualized in English. Therefore, to test the content validity of the Japanese TIPI with respect to the original Big Five formulation, we examine the convergence between scores on the TIPI-J and scores on the English-language Big Five Inventory (i.e., the BFI-E), an instrument specifically designed to optimize Big Five content coverage. Two-hundred and twenty-eight Japanese undergraduate students, who were all learning English, completed the two instruments. The results of correlation analyses and structural equation modeling demonstrate the theorized congruence between the TIPI-J and the BFI-E, supporting the content validity of the TIPI-J.

    DOI

  • キャリア教育科目「自己開拓」の効果 : 2013年度の授業について

    佐藤 友美, 小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 14 ) 67 - 73  2014

    CiNii

  • Resilience and Lifelong Learning : A Conceptual View

    小塩 真司

    日本生涯教育学会年報   ( 35 ) 3 - 16  2014  [Refereed]  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • A Reconsideration of Adaptation to the University Life : A Reply to HANZAWA's, ISHIDA's, and TAKENAKA's Comments

    大隅 香苗, 小塩 真司

    青年心理学研究   25 ( 2 ) 181 - 186  2014  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Age and Survey-Year Effects on Self-Esteem in Japan ::A Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis of Scores on Rosenberg&rsquo;s Self-Esteem Scale

    OSHIO ATSUSHI, OKADA RYO, MOGAKI MADOKA, NAMIKAWA TSUTOMU, WAKITA TAKAFUMI

    The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology   62 ( 4 ) 273 - 282  2014  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    &nbsp;&nbsp;The present study reports a cross-temporal meta-analysis exploring age and survey-year differences in the average scores obtained on Rosenberg&rsquo;s (1965) Self-Esteem Scale in Japan.&nbsp;&nbsp;An examination of refereed journals published in Japan from 1980 to 2013 resulted in the selection of 256 studies involving 48,927 participants.&nbsp;&nbsp;Multiple regression analysis revealed significant effects of both age level and survey year on the average self-esteem scores.&nbsp;&nbsp;The self-esteem scores of junior high and high school students were lower than those of the other age groups, whereas the adults had higher self-esteem scores than did the other age groups.&nbsp;&nbsp;Survey year had a significant negative effect on the average self-esteem scores.&nbsp;&nbsp;The effects of survey year differed by age level.&nbsp;&nbsp;The average self-esteem scores of the junior high and high school students and the adults decreased linearly with survey year, whereas a curvilinear decrease with survey year was found in the college students&rsquo; scores.&nbsp;&nbsp;Several translations of Rosenberg&rsquo;s Self-Esteem Scale are available in Japan.&nbsp;&nbsp;The results of the present study indicated that the number of choices in the scale had an effect on the average self-esteem scores among the junior high, high school, and college students, and also the adults.

    DOI CiNii

  • Big Five Content Representation of the Japanese Version of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory

    Oshio Atsushi, Abe Shingo, Cutrone Pino, Gosling Samuel D.

    Psychology   4 ( 12 ) 924 - 929  2013.12

    DOI CiNii

  • The interrelationship among conceptual models in two types of narcissism

    清水 健司, 中山 留美子, 小塩 真司

    人文科学論集. 人間情報学科編   ( 47 ) 53 - 67  2013.03

    CiNii

  • キャリア教育科目「自己開拓」の効果 : 2012年度の授業について

    佐藤 友美, 小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, 間宮 基文

    中部大学教育研究   ( 13 ) 43 - 49  2013

    CiNii

  • THE PHENOMENA AND DYNAMISM OF MAGICAL THINKING: DEVELOPING A MAGICAL THINKING SCALE

    NAKAMA Reiko, OSHIO Atsushi

    PSYCHOLOGIA   56 ( 3 ) 179 - 193  2013

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study is to examine the concept of "magical thinking". "Magical Thinking Followers" are persons who believe in the effect of thinking. This research will contrast magical thinking to the ideas of positive psychology, construct the scale to measure it and investigate its benefits and pitfalls. With the aid of three surveys comprising data of 306 and 382 Japanese undergraduate students, a scale was developed. The scale was made of two factors: "a positive set of thinking and results," and "a negative set of thinking and results." Internal efforts of control to be positive were positively related to both of the two factors. Positive daily activities were positively related to a positive set. Dichotomous thinking was positively related to a negative set. Results implied that Magical Thinking Followers were more motivated to be positive persons partly depending on a naive dichotomous pattern of thinking mechanism.<br>

    DOI CiNii

  • キャリア教育科目「自己開拓」の効果 : 2012年度の授業について

    佐藤 友美, 小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, ハヤシ ヨシタカ, Hayashi Yoshitaka, 間宮 基文, マミヤ モトフミ, Mamiya Motofumi

    中部大学教育研究   ( 13 ) 43 - 49  2013

    CiNii

  • Study on Factors Affecting Adjustment to University Among Freshmen : Focusing on Factors Related to Whether or not it is their First Choice University, their Sense of Confidence in University Admission, and Peer-oriented Tendency

    OSUMI Kanae, OSHIO Atsushi, OGURA Masayoshi, WATANABE Kenji, OSAKI Sonoo, HIRAISHI Kenji

    The Japanese journal of adlescent psychology   24 ( 2 ) 125 - 136  2013  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study is to explore factors which affect the degree and change of freshmen's sense of adjustment to university during the first 6 month. Investigations on freshmen were performed three times (April, July, October, 2007) . Participants were 189 freshmen, 99 males and 90 females. They were asked to respond to the following questions, 1) whether or not it was their first-choice university, 2) their level of confidence in admission to their chosen university, 3) the degree of adjustment to university life, and 4) the tendency of their peer relationship. A correlation analysis and an analysis of Latent Curve Model revealed as follows. First, the degree of their adjustment to university gradually went down from April to July. Second, Female freshmen showed a higher degree of adjustment than male freshmen. Third, freshmen who thought their universities were their first choice and had more peer-oriented tendency showed higher adjustment to university life right at the beginning of the first year, and their adjustment level went down gradually. From these results, the process of adjustment to university among freshmen and issues regarding future investigations were discussed.

    DOI CiNii

  • An all-or-nothing thinking turns into darkness: Relations between dichotomous thinking and personality disorders

    Atsushi Oshio

    Japanese Psychological Research   54 ( 4 ) 424 - 429  2012.11  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Dichotomous thinking is an individual's propensity to think terms of binary opposition. While this thinking style may be useful for quick decision-making, some clinical psychologists have indicated that such a style is related to personality disorders. Oshio (2009) revealed that the Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (DTI) has significant positive correlations with borderline personality and narcissism. This study examines whether dichotomous thinking is associated with cluster A, B, and C personality disorders. The participants comprised 152 Japanese undergraduates (84 male and 68 female). They completed the DTI and Ten Personality Styles scale (10 PesT
    Nakazawa (2006)), developed from the definitions of personality disorders the DSM-IV. Structural equation modeling supported the hierarchical factor structure of personality disorders. The dichotomous thinking effects "cluster" level of disorders more than other levels. The results indicated that thinking dichotomously may lead to wide-ranging personality disorders. © 2012 Japanese Psychological Association.

    DOI

  • 「折れない心」を育む (特集 「立ち直る力」を育む)

    小塩 真司

    教育と医学   60 ( 7 ) 616 - 623  2012.07

    CiNii

  • Measurement of resilience : From the perspective of validity

    Atsushi Oshio

    Japanese Journal of Clinical Psychiatry   41 ( 2 ) 151 - 156  2012.02  [Refereed]  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • PG-066 ディベートの授業が二分法的思考に及ぼす影響(学校心理学,ポスター発表)

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   54 ( 0 ) 758 - 758  2012

    DOI CiNii

  • キャリア教育科目「自己開拓」の効果 : 2011年度の授業について

    小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, 間宮 基文, 後藤 俊夫

    中部大学教育研究   ( 12 ) 105 - 110  2012

    CiNii

  • 中部大学新入生の意識変化 : 25年間の学生相談室アンケート結果より

    桐山 雅子, 小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 佐藤 枝里

    中部大学教育研究   ( 12 ) 91 - 98  2012

    CiNii

  • Dichotomous thinking leads to entity theories of human ability.

    Atsushi Oshio

    Psychology Research   2   369 - 375  2012  [Refereed]

  • Development, Reliability, and Validity of the Japanese Version of Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J)

    Oshio Atsushi, Abe Shingo, Cutrone Pino

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   21 ( 1 ) 40 - 52  2012  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study developed a Japanese version of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J) and examined its reliability and validity. The participants were 902 Japanese undergraduates (376 males, 526 females). They completed the TIPI-J and one of the other Big-Five scales: Big Five Scale (BFS; Wada, 1996); Five Factor Personality Questionnaire (FFPQ-50; Fujishima et al., 2005); BFS short version (Uchida, 2002); Big Five (Murakami & Murakami, 1999); or the NEO-FFI (Shimonaka et al., 1999). The TIPI-J was administered again two weeks later to 149 participants to determine test-retest reliability. Also, 31 pairs of participants rated their self-image and the other-image using the TIPI-J to explore the relationship between self-rated and friend-rated TIPI-J scores. The results generally supported the reliability and validity of the TIPI-J.

    DOI CiNii

  • Eating disorders, body image, and dichotomous thinking among Japanese and Russian college women.

    Oshio, A, Meshkova, T

    Health   4   392 - 399  2012  [Refereed]

  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DICHOTOMOUS THINKING AND MUSIC PREFERENCES AMONG JAPANESE UNDERGRADUATES

    Atsushi Oshio

    SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY   40 ( 4 ) 567 - 574  2012  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The relationship between dichotomous thinking and music preferences was investigated with a sample of 176 Japanese undergraduates (111 males, 65 females). Participants completed the Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (Oshio, 2009) and the Short Test of Music Preferences (Rentfrow & Gosling, 2003). Individuals who thought dichotomously preferred intense and rebellious, energetic and rhythmic, and fast and contemporary music rather than music that was complex and conventional. Specifically, they most liked rock, alternative, soul, funk, and heavy metal and disliked classical music.

    DOI

  • The Effects of Past Exercise Experience on Emotional Intelligence of University Students

    西垣 景太, 小塩 真司

    東海保健体育科学   34   23 - 32  2012  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Relations between friends' characteristics and function of friendship among Japanese undergraduates

    小塩 真司

    早稲田大学大学院文学研究科紀要. 第1分冊   58   5 - 19  2012  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • 中部大学新入生の意識変化 : 25年間の学生相談室アンケート結果より

    桐山 雅子, 小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 佐藤 枝里, サトウ エリ, Sato Eri

    中部大学教育研究   ( 12 ) 91 - 98  2012

    CiNii

  • キャリア教育科目「自己開拓」の効果 : 2011年度の授業について

    小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, 間宮 基文, マミヤ モトフミ, Mamiya Motofumi, 後藤 俊夫, ゴトウ トシオ, Goto Toshio

    中部大学教育研究   ( 12 ) 105 - 110  2012

    CiNii

  • Broader horizons, narrower vision : Locally adaptive, globally maladaptive strategies and the rationality of irrational mind

    Kanemasa Yuji, Soma Toshihiko, Oshio Atsushi, Yuki Masaki, Hashimoto Takeshi

    Japanese Journal of Interpersonal and Social Psychology   12 ( 12 ) 1 - 22  2012  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Contemporary society faces continual expansion in various aspects. However, humans' innate psychological mechanisms have not been able to change so dramatically. Thus, relatively speaking, the range of the world that individuals can grasp becomes smaller as the world expands. The world appears more ambiguous and complex, and thus people may employ various tactics that prioritize adaptation only within the restricted range of the society that they can immediately understand. However, because these strategies are shortsighted and restrictive they may not be very useful in other contexts, and in fact may have various negative effects on broader society as a whole. This article is a summary of conference workshop to introduce some provocative research projects associated with the above issues. Each presenter specifically discusses possibilities that some behavioral and psychological strategies that have been arising in the current society are actually maladaptive. First, Yuji Kanemasa presents his research findings regarding "self-discovery" among adolescents, which he refers to as "reflexive fixation on the self." Next, Toshihiko Soma develops a discussion about "perceived distinctiveness," the tendency of evaluating one's own romantic relationships as excessively positive. Third, Atsushi Oshio introduces research concerning the positive and negative effects of "dichotomous thinking" and "excessive positive thinking." Finally, Masaki Yuki discusses requirements for the theoretical and empirical examinations of the phenomena of social and psychological change, using a socio-ecological approach.

    DOI CiNii

  • A2. 文系学生に対する心理統計教育 : 心理統計のテキストのあり方(自主企画シンポジウム)

    山田 剛史, 村井 潤一郎, 杉澤 武俊, 寺尾 敦, 石井 秀宗, 小塩 真司, 中村 知靖, 三宅 幹子

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   54 ( 0 ) 818 - 819  2012  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • 新たなキャリア教育科目の効果(2)「自己開拓」による学生の心理的変化

    小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, 間宮 基文

    中部大学教育研究   ( 11 ) 49 - 54  2011

    CiNii

  • 新たなキャリア教育科目の効果(1)「自己開拓」の概要と学生の成長

    ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, 間宮 基文, 小塩 真司

    中部大学教育研究   ( 11 ) 43 - 47  2011

    CiNii

  • 大学入学時と1年後の満足度 : 学科選択満足度の変化と関連要因についての探索的検討

    小塩 真司, 佐藤 枝里, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 11 ) 23 - 27  2011

    CiNii

  • 新たなキャリア教育科目の効果(2)「自己開拓」による学生の心理的変化

    小塩 真司, ハラデレック 裕子, 林 芳孝, 間宮 基文, マミヤ モトフミ, Mamiya Motofumi

    中部大学教育研究   ( 11 ) 49 - 54  2011

    CiNii

  • 大学入学時と1年後の満足度 : 学科選択満足度の変化と関連要因についての探索的検討

    小塩 真司, 佐藤 枝里, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子, キリヤマ マサコ, Kiriyama Masako

    中部大学教育研究   ( 11 ) 23 - 27  2011

    CiNii

  • Pitfalls of excessive positive thinking(3):: Relations among the SEPT and indices of self-reported mental/physical health.

    NAKAMA Reiko, OSHIO Atsushi

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   75 ( 0 ) 1EV012 - 1EV012  2011  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • 企業が学生に求めるもの--企業説明会に参加した企業へのアンケートから

    小塩 真司

    中部大学教育研究   ( 10 ) 105 - 108  2010

    CiNii

  • 学科選択満足度に関連する要因--1998年度から2010年度までの新入生の分析

    小塩 真司, 吉住 隆弘, 佐藤 枝里, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 10 ) 47 - 53  2010

    CiNii

  • Characteristics of the dichotomous thinking inventory Japanese version

    小塩 真司

    Journal of the College of Humanities   ( 23 ) 45 - 57  2010.01

    CiNii

  • 学科選択満足度に関連する要因--1998年度から2010年度までの新入生の分析

    小塩 真司, 吉住 隆弘, 佐藤 枝里, 願興寺 礼子, ガンコウジ レイコ, Gankoji Reiko, 桐山 雅子, キリヤマ マサコ, Kiriyama Masako

    中部大学教育研究   ( 10 ) 47 - 53  2010

    CiNii

  • 企業が学生に求めるもの--企業説明会に参加した企業へのアンケートから

    小塩 真司

    中部大学教育研究   ( 10 ) 105 - 108  2010

    CiNii

  • Characteristics of the dichotomous thinking inventory Japanese version

    小塩 真司

    Journal of the College of Humanities   ( 23 ) 45 - 57  2010.01

    CiNii

  • Pitfalls of excessive positive thinking (2)::Relations among the SEPT, dichotomous thinking, and self-development behaviors

    OSHIO Atsushi, NAKAMA Reiko

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   74 ( 0 ) 3EV077 - 3EV077  2010  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • Pitfalls of excessive positive thinking (1)::Development the scale of excessive positive thinking (SEPT)

    NAKAMA Reiko, OSHIO Atsushi

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   74 ( 0 ) 3EV076 - 3EV076  2010  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • Prognostic factors for epileptic seizures in severe motor and intellectual disabilities syndrome (SMIDS)-A clinical and electroencephalographic study

    Akiko Matsumoto, Shuji Miyazaki, Chiemi Hayakawa, Taku Komori, Miho Nakamura, Atsushi Oshio

    EPILEPSY RESEARCH   86 ( 2-3 ) 175 - 182  2009.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine prognostic factors for seizures in 106 epileptic patients with SMIDS.
    Subjects and methods: One-hundred-six epileptic patients with SMIDS were the subjects of this study. The study group consisted of 60 mate and 46 female patients. The ages ranged from 4 to 61 years. They were all followed up for more than 4 years in our residential facility hospital "Kobato Gakuen". Fourteen possible prognostic factors were investigated statistically, and the validity is studied by factor analysis (principal component method).
    Results: Statistically significant poor prognostic factors for epileptic seizures in SMIDS were (1) status epilepticus; (2) multifocal spikes (MFS) or Diffuse spike and waves (DSW) on final EEG; (3) symptomatic generalized epilepsy; (4) MFS or DSW on first EEG; (5) multi-antiepileptic drugs; (6) postnatal etiology; and (7) short duration of institutional hospitalization. As a result of factor analysis, the following five factors are elucidated: (1) Age/Time Passage; (2) Status epilepticus/Etiotogy; (3) Epileptic syndrome/EEG; (4) intensive medical care; and (5) Severity of Disabilities/Gender.
    Conclusion: Our findings indicate that intractability of epilepsy may be identified early in the course of the disease, even in SMIDS, and EEG and epileptic syndrome are the very important factors for predicting the seizure prognosis. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V.

    DOI

  • 新入生は大学教員にどのようなかかわりを求めているのか--学生相談室アンケートの分析から

    小塩 真司, 吉住 隆弘, 佐藤 枝里, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 9 ) 23 - 28  2009

    CiNii

  • Constructs Understood by the "Transformative and Consensual Validation" Method : Comments on SHIRAI's Article(Comments)

    OSHIO Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of adlescent psychology   21 ( 0 ) 121 - 125  2009

    DOI CiNii

  • 新入生は大学教員にどのようなかかわりを求めているのか--学生相談室アンケートの分析から

    小塩 真司, 吉住 隆弘, 佐藤 枝里, 願興寺 礼子, ガンコウジ レイコ, Gankoji Reiko, 桐山 雅子, キリヤマ マサコ, Kiriyama Masako

    中部大学教育研究   ( 9 ) 23 - 28  2009

    CiNii

  • Constructs understood by the “Transformative and Consensual Validation” Method: Comments on SHIRAI's Article.

    Atsushi Oshio

    The Japanese Journal of Adolescent Psychology   21   121 - 125  2009  [Refereed]

  • DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF THE DICHOTOMOUS THINKING INVENTORY

    Atsushi Oshio

    SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY   37 ( 6 ) 729 - 741  2009  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (DTI) was developed for this study as a self-report measure used to assess a black-and-white cognitive thinking style or worldview. Validation of the DTI was explored with regard to the relationships among dichotomous thinking, borderline personality, narcissism, self-esteem, undervaluing others, intolerance for ambiguity, perfectionism, and the Big Five; and relationships between dichotomous thinking and peer ratings of traits and attitudes. Factor analysis of the DTI revealed 3 components: preference for dichotomy, dichotomous beliefs, and profit-and-loss thinking. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the DTI were at a sufficient level. Correlations among self-measures supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the DTI. Participants who scored highly on the DTI were rated as being articulate and straightforward by their friends. These results generally supported the reliability and validity of the DTI.

    DOI

  • Implicit and Explicit Self-esteem Discrepancy and Assumed Competence

    Oshio Atsushi, Nishino Takuro, Hayamizu Toshihiko

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   17 ( 3 ) 250 - 260  2009

     View Summary

    Two studies examined the relationships among assumed competence based on undervaluing others, implicit self-esteem, and explicit self-esteem. In Study 1, 119 university students completed paper-and-pencil version of Implicit Association Test (IAT) to measure their implicit self-esteem, in addition to scales of self-esteem and assumed competence. In Study 2, 155 university students completed computer-based IAT to measure their implicit self-esteem. Two basic findings emerged from the studies. First, assumed competence had a positive correlation with implicit self-esteem, although it had no significant correlation with explicit self-esteem. Second, people with low explicit and high implicit self-esteem showed a higher level of undervaluing others than the other groups.

    DOI CiNii

  • 中部大学新入生の学科選択満足度の分析--入学年度、学部、学科による比較と影響要因の検討

    小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 8 ) 7 - 13  2008

    CiNii

  • 中部大学新入生の学科選択満足度の分析--入学年度、学部、学科による比較と影響要因の検討

    小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 8 ) 7 - 13  2008

    CiNii

  • Freshmen's reasons for choosing departments and degree of satisfaction among college of humanities in Chubu university

    OSHIO Atsushi, GANKOUJI Reiko, KIRIYAMA Masako

    Journal of the College of Humanities   19 ( 19 ) 53 - 66  2008.01

    CiNii

  • (13)大学への満足度の変化に関する短期縦断的検討 : 第1志望か否かと学歴志向に注目して(研究発表III)

    大隅 香苗, 小倉 正義, 小塩 真司, 渡邉 賢二, 大崎 園生, 平石 賢二

    日本青年心理学会大会発表論文集   16 ( 0 ) 54 - 55  2008  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • Differences of scores on the university personality inventory between dropouts and non-dropouts

    小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    The Japanese journal of student counseling   28 ( 2 ) 134 - 142  2007.11

    CiNii

  • Differences between narcissists' self-image and images by their friends

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   18 ( 18 ) 19 - 33  2007.07

    CiNii

  • 中部大学新入生の心理的健康の年次的変化--UPIの得点、健康や精神衛生上の問題・治療歴の有無、悩みの有無・内容について

    願興寺 礼子, 小塩 真司, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 7 ) 63 - 68  2007

    CiNii

  • A study of instability of self-esteem from the view of daily events and the self

    中間 玲子, 小塩 真司

    福島大学研究年報   3   1 - 10  2007

    CiNii

  • 思春期・青年期を中心とした研究の動向

    小塩 真司

    教育心理学年報   46 ( 0 ) 55 - 63  2007

    DOI CiNii

  • Assumed-competence and daily strength and fluctuation of depression and hostility in interpersonal situations

    Kodaira Hideshi, Oshio Atsushi, Hayamizu Toshihiko

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   15 ( 2 ) 217 - 227  2007

     View Summary

    This study examined the relationships between assumed-competence that was based on undervaluing others, and emotional experiences of depression and hostility in interpersonal situations. Scales measuring assumed-competence and self esteem were administered to 445 university students. They were then requested to describe the most remarkable event of the day in their interpersonal relationships, and to evaluate various emotions at that time, each day for a week. Results showed that respondents who were categorized as assumption type, with high assumed-competence and low self esteem, experienced a higher level of depression and hostility in their interpersonal events than the other types. Furthermore, it was revealed that they had larger fluctuation in their emotions than those of high self esteem type, who possessed low assumed-competence and high self esteem.

    DOI CiNii

  • The Development of Short Version of University Personality Inventory (UPI)

    WAKIRTA Takafumi, OSHIO Atsushi, GANKOUJI Reiko, KIRIYAMA Masako

    Journal of the College of Humanities   17 ( 17 ) 123 - 128  2007.01

    CiNii

  • Freshmen's Reasons for Choosing Departments among College of Humanities in Chuhu University

    OSHIO Atsushi, GANKOUJI Reiko, KIRIYAMA Masako

    Journal of the College of Humanities   17 ( 17 ) 109 - 121  2007.01

    CiNii

  • 仮想的有能感と日常の対人関係によって生起する感情経験 : 抑鬱感情と敵意感情のレベルと変動性に注目して

    小平英志, 小塩真司, 速水敏彦

    パーソナリティ研究   15 ( 2 ) 217 - 227  2007

     View Summary

    本研究の目的は,対人関係で経験される抑鬱感情と敵意感情に焦点を当て,仮想的有能感と日常の感情経験との関連を検討することであった。調査1では,仮想的有能感尺度および自尊感情尺度が実施された。続く調査2では,大学生445名(男性238名,女性207名)を対象に,1日のうち印象に残っている対人関係上の出来事とそれに対する抑鬱感情・敵意感情を7日間に渡って記入するように求めた。その結果,他者軽視傾向が強く自尊感情の低い『仮想型』が,抑鬱感情,敵意感情の両方を強く感じていること示された。また,7日間の評定値の変動に関しても,他者軽視傾向が弱く自尊感情の高い『自尊型』と比較して大きいことが示された。本研究の結果から『仮想型』に分類される個人は,特に対人関係に関わる出来事に関して,日常から不安定で強い抑鬱感情,敵意感情を経験していることが示された。

    DOI

  • 大学新入生における悩みの有無および悩み内容の入学年度による変化

    小塩 真司, 桐山 雅子, 願興寺 礼子

    学生相談研究   27 ( 2 ) 138 - 148  2006.11

    CiNii

  • Narcissistic Personality and Big Five Personality

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   16 ( 16 ) 55 - 69  2006.07

    CiNii

  • A Study of Factors Affecting Personal Space : Height, Eye Contact, and Version

    TOHYAMA Takashi, OSHIO Atsushi, UCHIDA Toshio, NISHIGUCHI Toshifumi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   16 ( 16 ) 115 - 128  2006.07

    CiNii

  • Correlations for adolescent resilience scale with big five personality traits

    Motoyu Nakaya, Atsushi Oshio, Hitoshi Kaneko

    PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS   98 ( 3 ) 927 - 930  2006.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Currently, individuals tend to encounter many unavoidable, painful events and hardships in the process of growth and development. To lead one's life adapting to these social conditions, it is necessary to maintain one's mental health even while experiencing challenging events; in other words, resilience is required. This study of 130 undergraduates focused on the Adolescent Resilience Scale which assesses capacity for successful adaptation despite challenging or threatening circumstances and examined correlations with scores on the Big Five Personality Inventory. A significant negative correlation of -59 (p &lt;.001) was noted for scores on the Adolescent Resilience Scale and the Neuroticism dimension of the Big Five Personality Inventory, accounting for 35% of the variance, and positive values with the Extraversion, Openness, and Conscientiousness dimensions (rs-.37,.40,.48, accounting for 14, 16, and 18% of the variance, respectively. Personalities of adolescents who have psychological traits leading to resilience may be partially predicted using these results.

    DOI

  • 中部大学入学生における志望理由・目標・学科選択理由の変化 : 1988年度入学生から2004年度入学生までの比較

    小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 5 ) 15 - 24  2006.01

    CiNii

  • 2006年度入学生における進学目標・学科選択理由・満足度の学部間比較

    小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 6 ) 87 - 92  2006

    CiNii

  • Narcissistic Personality and Ideal Self : Discriminant Analysis Using Description of Ideal Self and Discrepancy between Ideal and Actual Self

    KODAIRA Hideshi, OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   15 ( 15 ) 43 - 49  2006.01

    CiNii

  • 2006年度入学生における進学目標・学科選択理由・満足度の学部間比較

    小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    中部大学教育研究   ( 6 ) 87 - 92  2006

    CiNii

  • Comments on YOSHIMURA's Article(Comment)

    OSHIO Atsushi

    The Japanese journal of adlescent psychology   17 ( 0 ) 57 - 61  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • School-age students and adolescents

    OSHIO ATSUSHI

      46   55 - 63  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • Survey of Students' Evaluations for Wireless Lan Environment and e-Learning Systems

    MIZUNO Rika, MATSUI Takao, OSHIO Atsushi, NISHIGUCHI Toshifumi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   14 ( 14 ) 1 - 26  2005.07

    CiNii

  • Narcissism and Reactions to Interpersonal Negative Life Events

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   14 ( 14 ) 183 - 190  2005.07

    CiNii

  • WWW教材とテキスト教材 - 心理データ解析における2つの教材の比較 -

    小塩 真司

    中部大学教育研究   ( 4 ) 191 - 197  2005.01

    CiNii

  • 講読演習を支援するWebシステムの開発

    小塩 真司

    中部大学教育研究   ( 5 ) 99 - 102  2005

    CiNii

  • 講読演習を支援するWebシステムの開発

    小塩 真司

    中部大学教育研究   ( 5 ) 99 - 102  2005

    CiNii

  • Narcissistic Personality, Discrepancy between Ideal and Actual Self, and Description of Ideal Self

    OSHIO Atsushi, KODAIRA Hideshi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   13 ( 13 ) 37 - 54  2005.01

    CiNii

  • Narcissistic Personality and College Life Anxiety

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   12 ( 12 ) 67 - 78  2004.07

    CiNii

  • 質問紙による調査とWebによる調査の比較 : コンピュータ不安に注目して

    小塩真司

    人文学部研究論集   11   81 - 90  2004

    CiNii

  • Construct validity of the adolescent resilience scale

    Atsushi Oshio, Shinji Nagamine, Hitoshi Kaneko, Motoyuki Nakaya

    Psychological Reports   93 ( 3 ) 1217 - 1222  2003.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The aim of this study was to assess the construct validity of the Adolescent Resilience Scale which measures the psychological features of resilient individuals. Research involving this scale, the Negative Life Events Scale, and the General Health Questionnaire was conducted with a group of 207 Japanese undergraduate students (104 men and 103 women
    M age = 20.2 yr., SD = .9). A cluster analysis for the Negative Life Events Scale and General Health Questionnaire yielded three clusters: (1) mentally healthy with little experience of Negative Life Events, (2) poorer mental health with many experiences of Negative Life Events, (3) mentally healthy despite many experiences of Negative Life Events. These three groups were defined as (1) Well Adjusted, (2) Vulnerable, and (3) Resilient, respectively. Mean differences in scores on the Adolescent Resilience Scale among the three groups were subjected to one-way analysis of variance. The mean scores of both the Well Adjusted and Resilient groups were higher than that of the Vulnerable group, and therefore support the construct validity of the Adolescent Resilience Scale.

    PubMed

  • Adolescent Risk-Taking Behavior : The Influence of Need for Friends, Friends' Behavior, and Risk Perception

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   10 ( 10 ) 47 - 58  2003.07

    CiNii

  • Narcissistic Personality and View of Others - An Interview Study of Narcissistic Undergraduates -

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   9 ( 9 ) 55 - 65  2003.01

    CiNii

  • Narcissism, Interpersonal Relationships, and Adaptation : Two Types of Narcissism in Young Adults

    OSHIO ATSUSIHI

    The Japanese journal of educational psychology.   50 ( 3 ) 261 - 270  2002.09

     View Summary

    The purpose of the present paper is to classify adolescents and young adults from the viewpoint of narcissism, and to identify characteristics of their interpersonal styles and adaptation. In Study 1, 511 adolescents and young adults (mean age 19.8 years) completed the Social Phobic Tendency Scale, the Aggressive Behavior Scale, the Individual and Social PN Orientation Scales, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-Short Version (NPI-S), and a General Health Questionnaire. In Study 2, 384 of the participants in Study 1 were described by their friends. A principal component analysis of subscales of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-Short Version resulted in 2 principal components: one implying entire narcissism, and the other, a dominant level on the "need for attention and praise" subscale of the Inventory. The participants were then divided into 4 groups according to their scores on the 2 principal components. The results indicated that adolescents and young adults who score high on narcissism could be divided into 2 groups that have similar characteristics to the 2 types of narcissism dealt with in psychoanalytic studies.

    DOI CiNii

  • Narcissistic Personality, Self-image, Friend-image, and Reasons for Choosing Friends in Adolescence

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Journal of the College of Humanities   8 ( 8 ) 1 - 22  2002.07

    CiNii

  • 資料 ネガティブな出来事からの立ち直りを導く心理的特性--精神的回復力尺度の作成

    小塩 真司, 中谷 素之, 金子 一史

    カウンセリング研究   35 ( 1 ) 57 - 65  2002.02

    CiNii

  • Is narcissistic personality pathological? : A comparison of normal adolescents and psychiatric patients

    OSHIO A., INOUE T.

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   11 ( 1 ) 56 - 57  2002

    DOI CiNii

  • Narcissism, Interpersonal Relationships, and Adaptation:Two Types of Narcissism in Young Adults

    OSHIO ATSUSHI

    The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology   50 ( 3 ) 261 - 270  2002

     View Summary

    The purpose of the present paper is to classify adolescents and young adults from the viewpoint of narcissism, and to identify characteristics of their interpersonal styles and adaptation. In Study 1, 511 adolescents and young adults (mean age 19.8 years) completed the Social Phobic Tendency Scale, the Aggressive Behavior Scale, the Individual and Social PN Orientation Scales, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-Short Version (NPI-S), and a General Health Questionnaire. In Study 2, 384 of the participants in Study 1 were described by their friends. A principal component analysis of subscales of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-Short Version resulted in 2 principal components: one implying entire narcissism, and the other, a dominant level on the &ldquo;need for attention and praise&rdquo; subscale of the Inventory. The participants were then divided into 4 groups according to their scores on the 2 principal components. The results indicated that adolescents and young adults who score high on narcissism could be divided into 2 groups that have similar characteristics to the 2 types of narcissism dealt with in psychoanalytic studies.

    DOI CiNii

  • 第1回報告 大学生の精神的適応と不適応の間 (ブラウンバッグ2001報告)

    金子 一史, 小塩 真司, 小平 英志

    心理発達科学論集   ( 31 ) 61 - 65  2001

    CiNii

  • Narcissistic personality, instability of self-image, and level of self-esteem and its stability

    Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   10 ( 1 ) 35 - 44  2001

     View Summary

    Some theorists and clinicians have pointed out that self-image and self-esteem of a narcissist were unstable. This study explored the relationship of narcissistic tendency, instability of self-image, and level of self-esteem and its stability. Narcissistic Personality Inventory Short Version(NPI-S)and Stability of Self Scale were administered. Then, daily experiences and their evaluation were recorded for six consecutive days, along with daily self-esteem, by 184 undergraduates(a mean age of 20.3 years). Results indicated that two of the narcissist factors: sense of superiority and competence and assertiveness, positively correlated with level of daily self-esteem. Instability of self-image was a mediator of the effects of the other narcissist factor: need for attention and praise. The instability, which had a positive correlation with the need, correlated negatively with level of daily self-esteem, and positively with instability of daily self-esteem.

    DOI CiNii

  • Development and validation of a Risk-taking Behavior Scale for Undergraduates (RIBS-U)

    OSHIO Atsushi

    Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education and Human Development. Psychology and human developmental sciences   48   257 - 265  2001

     View Summary

    The purpose of this paper was to develop and provide validation information for a Risk-taking Behavior Scale for Undergraduates (RIBS-U). In study 1,60 undergraduates (mean age=20.20 years) were asked to nominate up to five behaviors that they believed to be risky, and then Risk-taking Behavior Scale for Undergraduates (RIBS-U) was constructed. In study 2,523 undergraduates (mean age=19.82 years) completed the RIBS-U. A factor analysis of the RIBS-U revealed two significant factors that were labeled Personal Risk-taking (PR; e.g., driving while intoxicated, smoking, speeding) and Social Risk-taking (SR; e.g., tardy, running a red light, breaking a promise). The correlation between the two factors was .24. Analysis of variance revealed that males were more likely to engage in the PR behaviors than females, and females were more likely to engage in the SR behaviors than males. Study 3 investigated the test-retest reliability of the RIBS-U across 6-months period in sample of 178 undergraduates. Correlation analysis showed good reliability of the scale. Study 4 investigated the effects of risk-taking behavior tendency on negative events across 6-months period in sample of 166 undergraduates. The regression analysis revealed that adolescents who engaged in risk-taking behaviors were likely to have culpable accidents. Study 5 investigated the effects of risk-taking behavior tendency on attendance at lectures in sample of 291 undergraduates. The regression analysis revealed that adolescents who engaged in the PR behaviors were likely to be absent from the lectures. Results of these analyses showed good reliability and high construct validity of the RIBS-U.

    DOI CiNii

  • Narcissism and Relationships with the Opposite Sex in Adolescents

    Oshio Atsushi

    Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education and Human Development. Psychology and human developmental sciences   47   103 - 116  2000

     View Summary

    In this paper, I investigated the relationship between narcissistic personality and present or past interpersonal experiences with the opposite sex. Subjects were 383 students (mean age 19.61 years). They were asked to rate their attitude to the opposite sex, their present heterosexual relationships, the six love styles based on J.A. Lee's theory (1973,1974), and their past experiences of romantic love. The narcissistic personality inventory short version developed by Oshio (NPI-S; 1999) was also conducted. The NPI-S contains three subscales : a sense of superiority and competence (SC), need for attention and praise (AP), and self-assertion (SA). The results were as follows : First, SC and SA were relevant to close relationships with the opposite sex, while AP had relevance to hypersensitivity to an evaluation from the other sex. Secondly, the NPI-S and SC showed significant, positive correlations with Eros and Pragma, and SC showed significant, negative correlations with Ludus. AP was positively correlated with Mania and Eros. SA was positively correlated with Eros. These relationships were typical of females. Thirdly, those who were disappointed in love in the last few months reported higher scores on AP than those who weren't. Those who have dated with more people reported higher scores on SA.

    DOI CiNii

  • Narcissistic tendency and friendship in high school students.

    Oshio Atsushi

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   8 ( 1 ) 1 - 11  1999

     View Summary

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between narcissistic tendency and friendship in adolescence. Three hundred ninety-nine (399) first-year high school students, all male, participated in the study. Of those, 318 completed Narcissistic Personality Inventory-Short Version (NPI-S), a Friend Expectation Scale that asked how the student wanted his friends to behave toward him, and a scale of new friendship after entering high school (SNF). Eighty-one (81) students completed NPI-S, SNF, and a sociometric questionnaire. Results were as follows: (1) Students with high narcissism scores were more likely to want their friends to understand and trust them. (2) They tended to think that they were more successful in friend-making and peer group-formation after entering high school. And (3) classmates saw them as more popular and having more friends than those with low scores.

    DOI CiNii

  • Relationships among Narcissistic Personality, Self-Esteem, and Friendship in Adolescence

    OSHIO ATSUSHI

    The Japanese journal of educational psychology.   46 ( 3 ) 280 - 290  1998.09

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to examine relations among narcissistic personality, self-esteem, and friendship in adolescence. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), the Self-Esteem Inventory (SE-I), and a questionnaire regarding friendship were administered to 265 subjects (mean age 19.5 years). A factor analysis of the NPI revealed three significant factors labeled : "a sense of superiority and competence", "a need for attention and praise", and "self-assertion". Only the "self-assertion" and the "sense of superiority and competence" factors showed a significant, positive correlation with the SE-I. As a result of the factor analysis on the friendship questionnaire, friendship was categorized as a two-dimensional space, with intimacy on one axis and the number of friends on the other. The results indicated that adolescents with more friends tended to report high narcissism, while adolescents with more intimate friendship were inclined to report high self-esteem.

    DOI CiNii

  • A Study of Narcissism and Sex Roles

    Oshio Atsushi

    Bulletin of the school of education. Psychology   45 ( 45 ) 45 - 53  1998

     View Summary

    The main purpose of this study was to examine the relation between narcissism and sex roles. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory Short Version (NPI-S) and the M-H-F Scale devised for the evaluation of sex roles consisting of three elements : Masculinity, Humanity, Femininity (Ito, 1978) were administered to 520 participants (319 males and 201 females, mean age 18.79). A factor analysis of the NPI-S revealed three significant factors which were labeled "need for attention and praise, " "sense of superiority and competence, " and "self-assertion." The results were as follows : The NPI-S showed a positive relationship with Masculinity. The "sense of superiority and competence" factor and "self-assertion" factor also showed a positive relationship with Masculinity. The "need for attention and praise" factor showed positive relationships with Masculinity and Femininity. Implications of these findings were discussed.

    DOI CiNii

  • Relationships among Narcissistic Personality, Self-Esteem, and Friendship in Adolescence

    OSHIO ATSUSHI

    The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology   46 ( 3 ) 280 - 290  1998

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to examine relations among narcissistic personality, self-esteem, and friendship in adolescence. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), the Self-Esteem Inventory (SE-I), and a questionnaire regarding friendship were administered to 265 subjects (mean age 19.5 years). A factor analysis of the NPI revealed three significant factors labeled: &ldquo;a sense of superiority and competence&rdquo;,&ldquo;a need for attention and praise&rdquo;, and &ldquo;self-assertion&rdquo;. Only the &ldquo;self-assertion&rdquo; and the &ldquo;sense of superiority and competence&rdquo; factors showed a significant, positive correlation with the SE-I. As a result of the factor analysis on the friendship questionnaire, friendship was categorized as a two-dimensional space, with intimacy on one axis and the number of friends on the other. The results indicated that adolescents with more friends tended to report high narcissism, while adolescents with more intimate friendship were inclined to report high self-esteem.

    DOI CiNii

  • <彙報>青年における自己愛的性格傾向に関する研究 : 尺度の検討と友人関係との関連(平成8年度教育心理学専攻修士学位論文概要)

    小塩 真司

    名古屋大學教育學部紀要. 心理学   44 ( 44 ) 311 - 312  1997.12

     View Summary

    国立情報学研究所で電子化したコンテンツを使用している。

    DOI CiNii

  • A Study on Narcissism : Relationships among NarcissisticPersonality, Self-Esteem, and Social Desirability

    Oshio Atsushi

    Bulletin of the school of education. Psychology   44 ( 44 ) 155 - 163  1997

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to examine relations among narcissism, self-esteem, and social desirability. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) revised by Ohishi et al. (1987), the Self-Esteem Scale (SE-S), the MMPI-L Scale, the MMPI-K Scale, and Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSD) were administered to 192 subjects (mean age 20.6 years). A factor analysis of the NPI revealed three significant factors which were labeled "sense of superiority and competence, " "need for attention and praise, " and "self-assertion." As a result of a factor analysis on the SE-S, two significant factors were revealed : "active self-esteem (A-S)" and "passive self-esteem (P-S)." The NPI showed significant, positive correlations with SE-S, A-S, and P-S, and significant negative correlations with MMPI-L, MMPI-K, and MCSD. The "sense of superiority and competence" factor showed significant positive correlations with SE-S, A-S, and P-S. The "need for attention and praise" factor showed a significant, positive correlation with S-A, and significant negative correlations with MMPI-L, MMPI-K, and MCSD. The "self-assertion" factor showed significant positive correlations with SE-S, A-S, and P-S. Implications of these findings were discussed.

    DOI CiNii

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Books and Other Publications

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Misc

  • パーソナリティ尺度構成の現在-多様な尺度構成の現場から-

    小塩真司, 橋本泰央, 下司忠大, 外山美樹, 箕浦有希久, 稲垣勉, 村井潤一郎

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集(Web)   27th  2018

    J-GLOBAL

  • 日本人成人における感覚処理感受性と年齢の関連:―大規模横断調査による発達軌跡の検討―

    上野 雄己, 髙橋 亜希, 小塩 真司

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集   31 ( 0 ) P34  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • An item response theory analysis of three Japanese version Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scales

    Namikawa Tsutomu, Wakita Takafumi, Oshio Atsushi, Mogaki Madoka, Okada Ryo

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   82 ( 0 ) 1EV - 004-1EV-004  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • Types of explanation and causation using psychological constructs

    Mieda Takahiro, Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   82 ( 0 ) 2PM - 004-2PM-004  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • Using a Genetic Algorithm to Development of Abbreviated Scales of the Dark Triad Traits

    Shimotsukasa Tadahiro, Mieda Takahiro, Oshio Atsushi

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   82 ( 0 ) 3AM - 002-3AM-002  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • The behavioral science behind research activity —Exploring factors contributing to research continuation—

    Tomono Takanari, Koshiro Eiko, Kawakami Masahiro, Sakata Hiroyuki, Fuse Mitsuyo, Maruyama Manami, Oshio Atsushi, Tezuka Yosuke

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   82 ( 0 ) SS - 041-SS-041  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • 反応スタイルの適応性と脱中心化の継時的関連性

    石川 遥至, 三枝 高大, 小塩 真司, 越川 房子

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集   31 ( 0 ) P57  2018

    DOI CiNii

  • 知的好奇心と二分法的思考の関連

    汀 逸鶴, 小塩 真司

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集   30 ( 0 ) 81 - 81  2017

    DOI CiNii

  • 日本人成人におけるレジリエンスと年齢との関連:―大規模横断調査による検討―

    上野 雄己, 平野 真理, 小塩 真司

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集   30 ( 0 ) 76 - 76  2017

    DOI CiNii

  • マインドフルネス特性の認知的特徴:批判的思考態度,二分法的思考,認知的完結欲求,没入傾向に着目して

    三枝 高大, 石川 遥至, 越川 房子, 小塩 真司

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集   30 ( 0 ) 82 - 82  2017

    DOI CiNii

  • Development and validation of the Japanese version of the Short Dark Triad (SD3-J): Comparing with the Japanese version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen

    T. Shimotsukasa, A. Oshio

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   101   514 - 514  2016.10

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • Friendship styles and interpersonal traits : A circumplex analysis

    Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Atsushi Oshio

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   906 - 906  2016.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Styles of handling Interpersonal conflict and the Dark Triad

    Tadahiro Shimotsukasa, Atsushi Oshio

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   912 - 912  2016.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Relationships between Interpersonal Traits and Behavior Patterns on Twitter

    Itu Migiwa, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Atsushi Oshio

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   909 - 910  2016.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Effects of Dichotomous Thinking and Information-Processing Style on Moral Judgment

    Takahiro Mieda, Atsushi Oshio

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   909 - 909  2016.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Big-Five personality traits and body mass index (BMI) in Japan: A cross-sectional and longitudinal study

    Taro Hirashima, Hiroyuki Ito, Iori Tani, Yuki Tsubota, Atsushi Oshio, Shingo Abe, Tetsuya Kawamoto, Antonio Terracciano, Angelina Sutin

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   898 - 899  2016.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 反応スタイルと抑うつの関連における脱中心化の機能について

    石川遥至, 三枝高大, 小塩真司, 越川房子

    日本健康心理学会大会発表論文集(CD-ROM)   29th   ROMBUNNO.P1‐17G  2016

    J-GLOBAL

  • 勉強のつまずきと自尊感情 (特集 勉強につまずいている子)

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   69 ( 10 ) 806 - 812  2015.07

    CiNii

  • 再建術式の評価に適したQOL質問票PGSAS-45

    中田浩二, 池田正視, 高橋正純, 木南伸一, 吉田昌, 上之園芳一, 川島吉之, 鈴鴨よしみ, 小塩真司, 寺島雅典, 小寺泰弘

    臨床外科   70 ( 6 ) 736-742  2015.06

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

  • レジリエンスの主観的グラフ描画法開発の試み――スポーツ競技者のレジリエンス過程に注目して――

    上野雄己, 小塩真司

    桜美林大学心理学研究   5 ( 1 ) 73 - 87  2015.03  [Refereed]

  • 使ってもらえる心理尺度の作り方(青年心理学研究法セミナー)

    小塩 真司

    日本青年心理学会大会発表論文集   23 ( 0 ) 12 - 13  2015

    DOI CiNii

  • 胃切除後のダンピング症状の実際(PGSAS studyの知見から)

    谷澤豊, 谷澤豊, 田邊和照, 川平洋, 藤田淳也, 滝口伸浩, 高橋正純, 伊藤友一, 三森教雄, 並川努, 小塩真司, 中田浩二

    日本消化管学会総会学術集会プログラム・抄録集   11th   157  2015

    J-GLOBAL

  • 多施設共同試験PGSASからみた幽門保存胃切除術の術後評価

    並川努, 比企直樹, 木南伸一, 岡部寛, 漆原貴, 川平洋, 福島紀雅, 小寺泰弘, 弓場健義, 小塩真司, 中田浩二

    日本胃癌学会総会記事   87th   185  2015

    J-GLOBAL

  • 目立ちたい気持ちの発達 (特集 目立ちたがる子)

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   68 ( 4 ) 275 - 281  2014.03

    CiNii

  • 患者立脚型自己記入式QOL評価票(PGSAS‐45)を用いた幽門保存胃切除術の至適手術手技の検討

    並川努, 比企直樹, 木南伸一, 岡部寛, 漆原貴, 川平洋, 福島紀雅, 小寺泰弘, 弓場健義, 小塩真司, 中田浩二

    胃外科・術後障害研究会プログラム・抄録集   44th   41  2014

    J-GLOBAL

  • 苦手意識をもちやすい子・もちにくい子 (特集 苦手意識をなくす)

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   67 ( 8 ) 673 - 679  2013.06

    CiNii

  • Development and Validation of Pgsas-45, an Integrated Questionnaire to Assess Postgastrectomy Syndrome

    Koji Nakada, Masami Ikeda, Masazumi Takahashi, Shinichi Kinami, Masashi Yoshida, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Atsushi Oshio, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Masanori Terashima, Yasuhiro Kodera

    GASTROENTEROLOGY   144 ( 5 ) S1111 - S1111  2013.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • P2-629 病院実習における学生満足度に影響する要因の構造方程式モデリングを用いた解析(薬学教育(実務実習),ポスター,一般演題,岐路に立つ医療~千年紀の目覚め~よみがえれ!ニッポン!薬の改革は我らが手で!)

    林 秀樹, 賀川 義之, 小塩 真司, 辻 大樹, 井上 和幸, 内野 智信, 小菅 和仁, 宮嵜 靖則, 山田 浩, 伊藤 邦彦

    日本医療薬学会年会講演要旨集   22 ( 0 ) 483 - 483  2012

    DOI CiNii

  • P1-10 IATによる潜在的自尊感情と潜在的自己不一致の関連(ポスター発表(1))

    鷹阪 龍太, 小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   20 ( 0 ) 50 - 50  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • P1-48 主観的差の判断の基礎的研究(ポスター発表(1))

    小林 弘幸, 小塩 真司, 大平 英樹

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   20 ( 0 ) 88 - 88  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • P2-32 二分法的思考と暗黙の知能観(ポスター発表(2))

    小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   20 ( 0 ) 136 - 136  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • 青年心理研究におけるSEMの実際的な活用のために(準備委員会企画セミナー)

    小塩 真司

    日本青年心理学会大会発表論文集   19 ( 0 ) 13 - 13  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • Development of Japanese version of Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J)(2):: Investigation of validity

    Abe Shingo, Oshio Atsushi, Cutrone Pino

    The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association   75 ( 0 ) 2PM002 - 2PM002  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己愛研究の最前線(4):―自己愛的パーソナリティと日常行動―

    小塩 真司, 川崎 直樹, 清水 健司, 中山 留美子, 寺島 瞳, 阿部 晋吾, 岡田 努

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   75 ( 0 ) WS086 - WS086  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • こころの「強さ」を育てる(最終回)目的を見失わないために

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   64 ( 4 ) 367 - 373  2010.03

    CiNii

  • こころの「強さ」を育てる(5)複雑な世界と単純な認識

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   64 ( 2 ) 239 - 245  2010.02

    CiNii

  • これからの承認欲求研究に向けて(自主企画(2))

    鈴木 公啓, 小島 弥生, 本田 周二, 菅原 健介, 小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   19 ( 0 ) 14 - 14  2010

    DOI CiNii

  • P2-07 潜在的な理想-現実自己のズレの測定の試み(ポスター発表)

    鷹阪 龍太, 小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   19 ( 0 ) 83 - 83  2010

    DOI CiNii

  • P2-52 二分法的思考とパーソナリティ障害傾向の関連 : 階層モデルと影響関係の検討(ポスター発表)

    小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   19 ( 0 ) 128 - 128  2010

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己愛研究の最前線(3)::対人関係における自己愛の諸相

    小塩 真司, 川崎 直樹, 清水 健司, 中山 留美子, 寺島 瞳, 阿部 晋吾, 岡田 努

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   74 ( 0 ) WS013 - WS013  2010

    DOI CiNii

  • こころの「強さ」を育てる(4)それは良いこと? 悪いこと?

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   64 ( 1 ) 111 - 117  2010.01

    CiNii

  • こころの「強さ」を育てる(3)見えない壁を知る

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   63 ( 17 ) 1699 - 1705  2009.12

    CiNii

  • P2-12 二分法思考を行う者の他者評価 : 容姿に注目して

    小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   18 ( 0 ) 150 - 151  2009

    DOI CiNii

  • 構成概念の特徴をうまくとらえて結果で表現すること(話題提供(3),査読経験から得た「良い学術・投稿論文」とは,準備委員会企画セミナー)

    小塩 真司

    日本青年心理学会大会発表論文集   17 ( 0 ) 11 - 11  2009

    DOI CiNii

  • 392)母親のストレスと育児行動の研究(第1報):-育児ストレスと不適切な育児行動の因果モデルの検討-

    加藤 明美, 山口 桂子, 服部 淳子, 小塩 真司

    日本看護研究学会雑誌   32 ( 3 ) 3_370 - 3_370  2009

    DOI CiNii

  • P4-11 二分法的思考尺度の作成(ポスター発表)

    小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   17 ( 0 ) 166 - 167  2008

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己愛研究の最前線(1):―誇大性と脆弱性へのアプローチ―

    小塩 真司, 川崎 直樹, 清水 健司, 中山 留美子

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   72 ( 0 ) WS101 - WS101  2008

    DOI CiNii

  • PC086 大学退学者の入学時における悩みの特徴

    小塩 真司, 願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   49 ( 0 ) 293 - 293  2007

    DOI CiNii

  • A-38 自己愛傾向が怒りと抑うつに及ぼす影響(1) : 調整変数としてのネガティブライフイベントの影響

    小塩 真司, 中山 留美子

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   16 ( 0 ) 92 - 93  2007

    DOI CiNii

  • A-39 自己愛傾向が怒りと抑うつに及ぼす影響(2) : パネル調査による因果関係の検討

    中山 留美子, 小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   16 ( 0 ) 94 - 95  2007

    DOI CiNii

  • 血液型性格判断を肯定する態度と非科学信念の関係:-パネル調査による因果関係の検討-

    小塩 真司

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   71 ( 0 ) 3AM016 - 3AM016  2007

    DOI CiNii

  • 児童の精神的回復力および自己愛が学校適応に及ぼす影響:-短期縦断的データによる検討-

    中谷 素之, 小塩 真司, 金子 一史, 中山 留美子

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   71 ( 0 ) 2AM138 - 2AM138  2007

    DOI CiNii

  • 自著を語る 『自己愛の青年心理学』

    小塩 真司

    アリーナ   ( 4 ) 499 - 501  2007

    CiNii

  • SPSSによる調査データ解析の要点と盲点(セミナー)

    小塩 真司

    日本青年心理学会大会発表論文集   14 ( 0 ) 22 - 23  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • P-1316 自己愛と自尊感情が集団活動の自己評価および成員評価に及ぼす影響 : 2つの自己肯定感の対比

    小塩 真司

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会発表論文集   15 ( 0 ) 90 - 91  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • PE081 大学新入生における精神的健康の年次変化(1) : 健康・精神衛生上の問題について(ポスター発表E,研究発表)

    願興寺 礼子, 桐山 雅子, 小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   48 ( 0 ) 458 - 458  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • PE082 大学新入生における精神的健康の年次変化(2) : 精神衛生上の相談・治療の有無について(ポスター発表E,研究発表)

    桐山 雅子, 願興寺 礼子, 小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   48 ( 0 ) 459 - 459  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己愛と怒り:ナルシシストは凶暴か?

    阿部 晋吾, 日比野 桂, 湯川 進太郎, 藤 桂, 小塩 真司

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   70 ( 0 ) WS089 - WS089  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • 心理学者、授業評価への挑戦2:測定・評価・活用

    大塚 雄作, 村山 航, 林 創, 石井 秀宗, 鹿毛 雅治, 小塩 真司

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   70 ( 0 ) WS079 - WS079  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • 社会的感情と自我脅威

    有光 興記, 澤田 匡人, 太幡 直也, 小塩 真司, 菅原 健介

    日本心理学会大会発表論文集   70 ( 0 ) WS099 - WS099  2006

    DOI CiNii

  • 他者の評価が気になる思春期 (特集 人の目を気にし過ぎる子)

    小塩 真司

    児童心理   59 ( 4 ) 310 - 314  2005.03

    CiNii

  • PC018 自己愛と集団メンバーとしての特性 : 自己評価と他者評価の比較(ポスター発表C,研究発表)

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   47 ( 0 ) 237 - 237  2005

    DOI CiNii

  • PA050 性格の自他評定による自己愛類型の特徴 : Big Five Personalityによる検討(ポスター発表A,研究発表)

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   46 ( 0 ) 50 - 50  2004

    DOI CiNii

  • PA23 自己愛傾向と自己不一致(1) : 現実自己と理想自己,義務自己の不一致の程度に注目して(人格,ポスター発表A)

    小塩 真司, 小平 英志

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   45 ( 0 ) 23 - 23  2003

    DOI CiNii

  • PA24 自己愛傾向と自己不一致(2) : 理想自己に記述される"他者"に注目して(人格,ポスター発表A)

    小平 英志, 小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   45 ( 0 ) 24 - 24  2003

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己心理学の展開(3) : パーソナリティの諸概念をめぐって(シンポジウム(1))

    林 洋一, 小塩 真司, 横井 優子, 小林 亮, 榎本 博明, 岡田 努

    日本性格心理学会発表論文集   11 ( 0 ) 18 - 19  2002

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己愛傾向と対人ネガティブイベントから生じる落ち込み

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   44 ( 0 ) 140 - 140  2002

    DOI CiNii

  • 対人的傷つきやすさ尺度作成の試み : 信頼性・妥当性の検討

    鈴木 英一郎, 小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   44 ( 0 ) 278 - 278  2002

    DOI CiNii

  • PB10 レジャー活動と動機づけ(1) : 青年期版レジャー活動尺度の構成

    中谷 素之, 安藤 史高, 西口 利文, 小塩 真司, 伊田 勝憲, 伊藤 敏雄, 原田 一郎

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   43 ( 0 ) 113 - 113  2001

    DOI CiNii

  • P13 自己愛傾向と異性に対する態度との関連

    小塩 真司

    日本性格心理学会発表論文集   9 ( 0 ) 76 - 77  2000

    DOI CiNii

  • PD30 自己愛的な青年の学生生活(1) : 学生生活で重視する領域との関連

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   41 ( 0 ) 428 - 428  1999

    DOI CiNii

  • 人格 A-8 青年の自己愛傾向と友人関係 : 高校生を対象として

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   40 ( 0 ) 148 - 148  1998

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己愛的性格傾向に関する研究 : 自尊感情・友人関係との関連

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   39 ( 0 ) 191 - 191  1997

    DOI CiNii

  • 自己愛傾向と友人関係 : 友人イメージ・友人選択理由を中心に

    小塩 真司

    日本青年心理学会大会発表論文集   5 ( 0 ) 33 - 34  1997

    DOI CiNii

  • 人格 3-PB4 自己愛的性格傾向と依存性 : 青年男子を対象として

    小塩 真司

    日本教育心理学会総会発表論文集   38 ( 0 ) 215 - 215  1996

    DOI CiNii

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Awards

  • 日本パーソナリティ心理学会奨励論文賞

    2016.09   日本パーソナリティ心理学会  

    Winner: 上野雄己, 小塩真司

  • 優秀大会発表賞

    2009.01   日本パーソナリティ心理学会  

    Winner: 小塩真司

Research Projects

  • パーソナリティの生涯発達に関する総合的研究

    文部科学省  科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(C))

    Project Year :

    2017
    -
    2019
     

    小塩真司

  • 二分法的思考が社会的適応に及ぼす影響の研究

    文部科学省  科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(C))

    Project Year :

    2013
    -
    2016
     

    小塩 真司

     View Summary

    本研究は,ものごとを「白と黒」「善と悪」「勝者と敗者」のように中間を排除した二種類のいずれかとして二項対立でとらえる二分法的思考が適応・不適応にどのように関わるかを解明することを目的としている。平成25年度においては,二分法的思考と適応・不適応の指標となる諸変数との関連を探索的に検討した。特に,外的な問題行動として敵意や攻撃行動との関連を検討した。全国の大学生を対象としたインターネット調査を行い,男性371名,女性429名,計800名から回答を得た。平均年齢は20.0歳であった。使用した尺度は,二分法的思考とBuss-Perry攻撃性質問紙であった。分析結果から,二分法的思考と短気,敵意,身体的攻撃,言語的攻撃との間に中程度の正の相関が見られることが明らかにされた。二分法的思考のうち「二分法の選好」は短気や言語的攻撃に,「二分法的信念」は身体的攻撃に比較的大きな関連をすることが示された。また,二分法的思考と自尊感情が身体的攻撃や言語的攻撃に及ぼす影響について重回帰分析によって検討した。結果から,二分法的思考のうち「二分法的信念」が身体的攻撃に正の影響を及ぼしており,二分法的思考のうち「二分法の選好」と自尊感情の高さが言語的攻撃に正の影響を及ぼしていることが示された。二分法的思考と自尊感情がともに高いほど,言語的攻撃を行う傾向が示されており,今後はこの背後にあるプロセスに焦点を当てていくことも有用であると考えられた。また平成25年度においては,二分法的思考と特権意識やDark Triad(自己愛,マキャベリアニズム,サイコパシー)といった望ましくない心理的特性との関連も確認された。これらの関係性も考慮に入れながら,二分法的思考と外在化問題との関係性を明確化していく必要性が示唆された。

  • Development of an educational program to cultivate multiple thinking

    Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(若手研究(B))

    Project Year :

    2010
    -
    2012
     

    Atsushi OSHIO

     View Summary

    Dichotomous thinking is an individual's propensity to think in terms of binary opposition. The aim of this study was to clarify the fundamental characteristics of the dichotomous thinking and to explore possibilities of transformation of such style of thinking. Studies showed that the dichotomous thinking tend to related to deem the human abilities more innate, to link to distorted body images and eating disorders, and to be associated with tendencies of personality disorders. Possibility to change the style of thinking was explored in a university course through use of debate.

  • 自己愛的人格を中心とした青年期発達プロセスの検討

    文部科学省  科学研究費補助金(若手研究(B))

    Project Year :

    2004
    -
    2006
     

    小塩 真司

     View Summary

    青年期は自己の再構成が重要な課題であり,児童期までにいったん確立された自己の構造が大きく変化する時期であると言われている。そしてそのような自己の再構成の時期には,自己愛的な状態に陥りやすいことが指摘されている。このような自己愛的な人格を中心とした青年期の心理的特徴を探ることが本研究の目的である。第1に,自己愛傾向と自尊感情が,集団での活動の自他評定に対してどのような影響を及ぼしているのかを検討した。実際に数名の集団活動を行う授業内で調査を実施し,一連の授業のほぼ終了時に調査を行った。調査では,集団活動の自己評価とメンバー相互の評価を求めた。結果から,自己愛傾向も自尊感情も,集団内においてうまく活動しているという自己評定に対しては正の影響を及ぼすのに対し,自己愛傾向の一部は他者からの否定的な評価に結びつく可能性があることを示した。第2に,自己愛傾向の尺度に関する先行研究と,自己愛傾向の2成分モデルに至るまでの経緯をまとめた。そして,NEO-PI-Rによって測定されたBig Five Personalityとの関連を検討することにより,自己愛傾向の2成分モデルによって導かれる自己愛の2つの側面の特徴を明確化することを試みた。結果は以下のようなものであった。「自己愛総合」は神経症傾向と負の相関,外向性と正の相関,調和性と負の相関,誠実性と正の相関を示した。「注目-主張」は神経症傾向,外向性,調和性と正の相関,開放性と負の関連を示した。

Presentations

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Specific Research

  • ストレスフルな状況下におけるパーソナリティ特性の機能に関する研究

    2021  

     View Summary

    新型コロナウイルス感染症(COVID-19)の拡大がとまらない状況が続いているが,社会的な行動は大きく変化している。本研究では,COVID-19パンデミック初期の状況下における買いだめとパーソナリティ特性との関連を検討した。Big Fiveパーソナリティのうち神経症傾向と開放性が買いだめ行動に関連しており,資質的強欲傾向も買いだめ行動に一貫して関連を示していた。日本社会における買いだめ行動と,パーソナリティ特性との一定の関連が示唆された。

  • 集団レベルのパーソナリティ特性に関する基礎的検討

    2020  

     View Summary

    本研究課題では,集団レベルのパーソナリティ特性について,基礎的な検討を行うことを目的とした。集団レベルのパーソナリティ特性としては,時代レベルと地域レベルのパーソナリティの検討が含まれる。時代レベルのパーソナリティ特性としては,時間横断的メタ分析を行うことで日本におけるパーソナリティ特性の時代変化を社会状況との対応を検討した。地域レベルのパーソナリティ特性としては,ビッグ・ファイブ・パーソナリティやダーク・トライアドについて,大規模なデータを用いて県レベル・郵便番号レベルでとりまとめたパーソナリティ特性について検討を進めた。今後も検討を重ね,結果については追って論文化していく予定である。

  • パーソナリティーと各種行動指標に関する基礎的研究

    2019  

     View Summary

    パーソナリティは人間の心理学的な個人差を記述するための一種の構成概念であり,多様な活動を背景として記述されるものである。本研究の目的は,基礎的なデータを得ることで,パーソナリティ特性の様々な行動あるいは行動の結果に関する指標との関連を検討することである。今年度は企業との連携により,5万人規模の様々な指標を含むデータの取得に成功した。調査はオンライン上で行われ,年齢範囲は10代後半から70代以降まで広範にわたる。現在,得られたデータセットを分析し,順次公表する段階にある。

  • パーソナリティの適応過程に関する基礎的検討

    2018  

     View Summary

    パーソナリティはさまざまな行動とどのようにかかわるのだろうか。本研究課題では,日常的にみられる常習的な行動とパーソナリティ特性との関連について基礎的な検討を行った。日常の常習的な行動の例として,爪噛みと貧乏ゆすりを取り上げた。18歳から71歳までの5328名を調査したデータセットを分析したところ,両行動とも,パーソナリティ特性のうち協調性と勤勉性との関連が認められた。これらのパーソナリティ特性が低いほど,これらの常習的な行動が見られる傾向にあるといえる。また,年齢によってパーソナリティとの関連が異なる傾向についても明らかにされた。

  • パーソナリティ特性の時代変化に関する検討

    2017  

     View Summary

     本研究は,日本人の心理的特質を時間横断的メタ分析によって検討することである。時間横断的メタ分析とは,論文に記載された平均値等の統計量について,そのデータが収集された調査年ごとに統合することで,心理学的概念の時代的な変化を明らかにするメタ分析の一手法である。今年度は既存の論文に記載された自尊感情尺度の平均値を引き続き収集することで,これまでに行われた平均値の時代変化の傾向が再確認された。具体的には,平均値の継続的な調査年度に伴う低下が確認された。また,新たな試みとして,韓国における自尊感情尺度の平均値の収拾も行われた。今後,得られたデータを分析し,日韓で比較を試みる。

  • 心理尺度構成手続きの特徴と変遷の検討

    2016  

     View Summary

    本研究の目的は,心理学の研究手法のひとつである質問紙法の尺度構成に焦点を当て,文献のレビューを通してその変遷を明らかにすることであった。その中でも本年度は,心理学研究に公刊された論文の中から,再検査信頼性について報告している論文に注目した。尺度構成において再検査信頼性は頻繁に報告される一方で,その扱われ方については明確な基準が認められないからである。心理学研究より58文献が収集され,メタ分析が行われた。再検査信頼性係数の母相関係数は.76であった。検査間隔が長いほど再検査信頼性係数は低く,尺度に含まれる項目数が多いほど高くなることが示された。

  • 時間横断的メタ分析による自尊感情の時代変化に関する研究

    2015  

     View Summary

    「日本人の自尊感情(self-esteem)が低下している」という言説をよく耳にすることがある。しかし,その根拠は曖昧なものである場合が多い。小塩・岡田・茂垣・並川・脇田(2014)は,時間横断的メタ分析(Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis; CTMA)という手法を用いて,この問題を検討した。本研究の目的は,小塩他(2014)では扱われていなかった,より近年の自尊感情を使用した論文を収集すること,そして他の指標についても資料収集を行なうことであった。結果より,自尊感情の低下はさらに近年も継続していることが示された。

  • パーソナリティ変数間の関連情報データベース構築の試み

    2014  

     View Summary

    本研究は,国内のパーソナリティ心理学研究をレビューし,パーソナリティ特性どうしの関連情報のデータベース構築を試みるものであった。特に,Big Fiveパーソナリティと呼ばれるモデルに着目し,このモデルが測定する5つのパーソナリティ次元が他の指標とどのような関連を示すかを既存の論文の結果から指標を抽出することで,統合的に理解することを試みた。わが国でこれまでに発表された47本の論文を収集し,その中から全1350個の相関係数を抽出した。これらの相関係数を分析することで,様々な心理・行動における個人差をBig Fiveパーソナリティの枠組みで整理する可能性が示された。

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Overseas Activities

  • パーソナリティ特性の国際比較研究

    2017.04
    -
    2018.03

    USA   University of Texas at Austin

    USA   University of Hawaii at Manoa

 

Syllabus

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Teaching Experience

  • 個性の発達と差異

    早稲田大学  

  • 感情・人格心理学

    早稲田大学  

  • 心理学実習(質問紙法)

    中部大学  

  • 心理データ解析

    中部大学  

  • 発達心理学

    中部大学  

  • パーソナリティ心理学

    中部大学  

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