Updated on 2024/05/22

写真a

 
FUKAMI, Eiichiro
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Sport Sciences, School of Sport and Sciences
Job title
Professor
Degree
博士(体育科学) ( 筑波大学 )
体育学修士 ( 筑波大学 )

Research Experience

  • 2023.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Sport Sciences   Professor

  • 2011.04
    -
     

    Waseda University   Faculty of Sport Sciences

  • 2008.04
    -
    2011.03

    Tenri University   Faculty of Budo and Sport Studies

  • 2002.04
    -
    2008.03

    Tenri University   Faculty of Budo and Sport Studies

  • 2004.04
    -
    2007.09

    Nara University of Education   Undergraduate of Education

  • 1997.04
    -
    2002.03

    Toho University   Faculty of Science

▼display all

Education Background

  • 2005.08
    -
    2006.07

    インディアナ大学   HPER学部  

  • 1998.04
    -
    2002.03

    筑波大学大学院 博士後期課程   体育科学研究科  

  • 1990.04
    -
    1994.03

    University of Teacher Education Fukuoka   Faculty of Education  

  •  
     
     

    筑波大学大学院 修士課程   体育研究科  

Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    体育授業研究会

  •  
     
     

    日本スポーツ教育学会

  •  
     
     

    日本体育科教育学会

  •  
     
     

    (一社)日本体育学会

Research Areas

  • Education   Sports Education, Pedagogy of Physical Education

Research Interests

  • 運動部活動

  • スポーツ指導者

  • 教授技術

  • 教師の相互作用行動

 

Papers

  • Feasibility of player's independence on school athletic teams:

    Eiichiro FUKAMI, Yusuke OKADA, Kazuhiko INOUE

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   67   343 - 360  2022  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • A report about the practice of Olympic and Paralympic Education in 2019:Focusing on the area in charge of WASEDA Research Center for Olympic and Paralympic Education

    Eiichiro Fukami, Takeshi Yoshinaga, Yusuke Okada, Suyun Liu, Ryutaro Kinami, Ayana Aoki

    Sport Sciences Research   18   39 - 51  2021.06  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • A report of Olympic & Paralympic Education in WASEDA Research Center for Olympic & Paralympic Education in 2019:Focusing on seminar and workshop

    Eiichiro Fukami, Takeshi Yoshinaga, Yusuke Okada, Suyun Liu, Ryutaro Kinami, Ayana Aoki

    Sport Sciences Research   18   27 - 38  2021  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • A study of promotive method to develop Olympic and Paralympic Education from the Teacher’s view

    Yusuke OKADA, Hidenori TOMOZOE, Eiichiro FUKAMI, Takeshi YOSHINAGA

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   40 ( 2 ) 31 - 50  2020.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • A report about the practice of Olympic and Paralympic Education in 2018: Focusing on the area in charge of WASEDA Research Center for Olympic and Paralympic Education

    Hidenori Tomozoe, Eiichiro Fukami, Takeshi Yoshinaga, Yusuke Okada, Saki Tohkairin, Mizuho Takemura, So Nemoto, Yuta Ono, Masanori Kaji, Ayana Aoki, Jyunki Yasuda

    Sport Sciences Research   17   14 - 27  2020  [Refereed]

  • Developing Criterion of Observational Movement Evaluation for Pushing Off the Wall and Gliding Motion in a Streamlined Position in 3rd Grade Children of Swimming Classes in Elementary School of Physical Education and Its Reliability and Validity

    Junki Yasuda, Hidenori Tomozoe, Eiichiro Fukami, Takeshi Yoshinaga, Yusuke Okada, So Nemoto

    Japan Journal for the Pedagogy of Physical Education   36 ( 2 ) 1 - 17  2020  [Refereed]

  • The relationship between coaches ’initiative and students’ formative evaluations in school athletic clubs

    Eiichiro Fukami, Kazuhiko Inoue

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   64 ( 1 ) 369 - 384  2019.06  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • A Study on the Effectiveness of in-service Teacher Training on Olympic and Paralympic Education in Japan

    Yusuke OKADA, Hidenori TOMOZOE, Eiichiro FUKAMI, Takeshi YOSHINAGA, So NEMOTO

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   39 ( 1 ) 51 - 59  2019.05  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • A report of Olympic & Paralympic Education in WASEDA Research Center for Olympic & Paralympic Education in 2018:Focusing on seminar and workshop

    Sport Sciences Research   16   14 - 25  2019  [Refereed]

  • A report about the practice of Olympic and Paralympic Education in 2017:Focusing on the area in charge of WASEDA Research Center for Olympic and Paralympic Education

    Sport Sciences Research   16   1 - 13  2019  [Refereed]

  • 11教-12-口-23 小学校中学年の水泳運動における児童の面かぶりクロール習熟のための学習指導プログラムの開発

    安田 純輝, 友添 秀則, 吉永 武史, 深見 英一郎

    日本体育学会大会予稿集   70   303_2 - 303_2  2019

     View Summary

    小学校体育科の水泳運動では、児童の初歩的な泳ぎの習熟に向けて、推進力の獲得を強調した学習指導が行われてきた(金沢・吉永、2014)。しかし、クロール泳中の泳者に加わる水の抵抗力は、泳速度の約3乗に比例することから(Narita et al.、2018)、「け伸びや初歩的な泳ぎをすること」(文部科学省、2018、p.91)の達成には、水の抵抗力の低減に着目した初歩的な泳ぎの学習指導が求められると考えられる。そこで本研究は、面かぶりクロールの習熟を企図した学習指導プログラムを開発し、その有効性について検証した。具体的には、け伸びによる低抵抗姿勢の維持を基礎としたばた足やストロークに関する教材ならびにトリオ学習を取り入れた検証授業(8時間)を実施した。データの収集ならびに分析の方法については、泳力に関する技能を基に選出した第4学年の抽出児童17名(男子9名、女子8名)を対象に、単元前後に実施した面かぶりクロールの試技測定から距離と観察的動作評価法を用いた動作の比較を行った。その結果、抽出児童による面かぶりクロールの距離(2.34m)ならびに動作全体の動作得点(5.14点)は、いずれにおいても1%水準の有意な向上が確認された。

    DOI CiNii

  • A study of methods for promotion of Olympic and Paralympic Education in Japan:

    Yusuke Okada, Hidenori Tomozoe, Eiichiro Fukami, Takeshi Yoshinaga, So Nemoto

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   63 ( 2 ) 871 - 883  2018.12  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Conceptions of learning and learning strategies of students in junior high school physical education

    Yuta Ono, Hidenori Tomozoe, Shuichi Takahashi, Eiichiro Fukami, Takeshi Yoshinaga, So Nemoto

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   63 ( 1 ) 215 - 236  2018.06  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Overview of the project to create a "Model Core Curriculum" for coach development

    Eiichiro Fukami

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   38 ( 1 ) 93 - 97  2018.05

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • Construction of an Instrument for Formative Evaluation of Athletic Clubs

    Eiichiro FUKAMI, Yoshinori OKAZAWA

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   37 ( 2 ) 47 - 60  2018.02  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • A report of Olympic & Paralympic Education in WASEDA Research Center for Olympic & Paralympic Education in 2017: Focusing on seminar, workshop and forum

    Sport Sciences Research   15   64 - 76  2018  [Refereed]

  • A survey report on the actual situation of the Olympic and Paralympic education in Republic of Korea for the 2018 Winter Pyeongchang Olympic and Paralympic Games

    Sport Sciences Research   15   39 - 55  2018  [Refereed]

  • A report of Olympic and Paralympic education in WASEDA Research Center for Olympic and Paralympic Education: Focusing on the practice of Olympic and Paralympic education in elementary school, junior high school, high school, and school for special needs

    Sport Sciences Research   15   1 - 16  2018  [Refereed]

  • Effectiveness of Dietary Education Using the Vegetables Exercise Program for Middle-Grade Elementary School Students: Focusing on Students’ Food Consciousness and Eating Behavior

    Eiichiro Fukami

    Tokyo Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Science Online Journal   9   21 - 31  2018  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 11教-24-口-38 小学校中学年の水泳運動におけるけのび習得のための学習指導プログラムの有効性に関する研究

    安田 純輝, 吉永 武史, 友添 秀則, 深見 英一郎

    日本体育学会大会予稿集   69   250_2 - 250_2  2018

     View Summary

    けのびは、水中を効率よく進む動作を習得する上で最も基本的かつ重要な動作であるとされる(合屋、2013;奥野、2010;柴田、2003)。これまでの水泳授業では、ストリームラインの形成に焦点が当てられたけのびの学習が取り組まれてきた。しかし、中島・高木(2016)は、けのびの習熟過程について、立位姿勢から水平姿勢への浮き沈みの動作を伴った姿勢変換や蹴り出しなどの推進力を得る動作、浮いた状態での姿勢維持に向けた技術の習得が重要であることを示している。そこで本研究は、泳力に関する技能レベルを基に抽出した泳ぐことが苦手な児童(男子5名、女子4名、いずれも3年生)を対象に、けのび習得を目的とした学習指導プログラムを作成し、浮く・泳ぐ運動の単元においてその有効性を検証した。具体的には、先述した技術の習得に向けた教材を系統的に配列した学習指導プログラムを10単位時間で実施した。データの収集ならびに分析の方法については、単元前後で抽出児にけのびの試技を行わせ、距離の測定と観察的動作評価法を用いて動作を評価した。その結果、抽出児全体のけのびの平均距離は1.97m、動作全体の平均得点は0.35点の有意な向上が確認された。

    DOI CiNii

  • A report of Olympic & Paralympic education in WASEDA Research Center for Olympic & Paralympic Education: Focusing on the seminar & workshop for teacher and the citizen forum

    Sport Sciences Research   14   57 - 71  2017  [Refereed]

  • An experimental study of acquiring an effective sprinting movement in upper elementary grade PE classes - focusing on enhancing students' sports competence

    Fukami Eiichiro, Nobushima Shin, Suzuki Kousuke, Shimazaki Takashi

    Sport Sciences Research   14   1 - 12  2017  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • The influence of goal-setting, desire to win, and individual opinion on the satisfaction of students with athletic clubs

    Eiichiro Fukami, Yoshinori Okazawa

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   61 ( 2 ) 781 - 796  2016  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI CiNii

  • Constructing a system for sharing information about government guidelines for teaching

    Yutaka Sato, Hidenori Tomozoe, Kazuhiro Shibata, Masahiro Okoshi, Eiichiro Fukami

    Sport Sciences Research   13   12 - 27  2016  [Refereed]

  • A study of instruction on improving lower-level students' motor skills in junior high school Gymnastics class.

    Eiichiro Fukami, Koichi Muzushima, Hidenori Tomozoe, Takeshi Yoshinaga

    Sport Sciences Research   12   56 - 73  2015  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    CiNii

  • Comparison Between Experienced and Novice Teachers' Teaching Skills in Physical Education:— Focusing on the Times Allotted to Each Episode of Teaching and Student's Awareness of Teacher's Feedback —

    FUKAMI Eiichiro, TANAKA Yuichiro, OKAZAWA Yoshinori

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   34 ( 2 ) 1 - 16  2015  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study is to identify characteristics of effective teaching strategy through a comparison of experienced and novice teachers' teaching behavior in ball-game units in elementary school physical education.<br>In the study, we analyze various elements in the teaching units in order to identify characteristics of teacher management techniques and teacher-student interaction. Secondly, we analyze "students' perception of teacher advice" in order to clarify how advice were received by students.<br>Our purpose is to propose effective teaching skills for novice teachers to allow them to perform more like experienced teachers early on.<br>The study is based on case studies of two ball-game units (a total of 16 classes) taught by two elementary school teachers.<br>The main findings of the study were as follows: The experienced teacher dedicated much time to independent motor skill learning throughout the unit, and interacted with each student, giving a high amount of corrective/affirmative feedback concerning student motor skills. Advice was perceived as useful by most students. Furthermore, the experienced teacher establishes learning discipline in the early stages of the unit and in order to secure time for independent motor skill learning.

    DOI CiNii

  • 11教-27-口-37 小学校中学年における面かぶりクロール習得のための学習指導の検討(11.体育科教育学,一般研究発表抄録)

    金沢 翔一, 吉永 武史, 友添 秀則, 深見 英一郎

    日本体育学会大会予稿集   62   265 - 265  2011

    DOI CiNii

  • Case study: methods for improving game performance of junior high school students who learn volleyball for the first time in PE class

    Eiichiro Fukami, Kaori Suda, Toshihiko Motozuka, Yoshinori Okazawa, Aiko Hisatou

    Tenri University journal   61 ( 3 ) 15 - 29  2010  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    CiNii

  • 「学習内容」 と 「楽しさ」 はどう違うのか?いまさら聞けない体育の常識Q&A part2

    深見英一郎

    体育科教育   58 ( 8 ) 38 - 39  2010

  • A case study on effective teaching of apparatus gymnastics in high schools

    Eiichiro Fukami, Toshihiko Motozuka, Takahiro Uezu, Yoshinori Okazawa

      26 ( 2 ) 27 - 39  2010  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • Research on the Physical Education system in schools of China

    Eiichiro Fukami

    Tenri University journal   59 ( 3 ) 21 - 31  2008  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • A study of the Physical Education Teacher Education program at Indiana University

    Eiichiro Fukami, Kenta Goto

    Tenri University journal   58 ( 3 ) 25 - 38  2007  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 競技選手の心理状態評価に関する研究

    清水悟, 篠原信一, 深見英一郎, 藤井主計

    天理大学学報   56 ( 3 ) 1 - 11  2005

  • The trend of research on physical education teachers' effective feedback in the U.S.A.

    Fukami Eiichiro

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   49 ( 6 ) 583 - 593  2004  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to examine recent trends in research on physical education teachers' effective feedback, and to identify future research areas of interest. Several studies have indicated that frequent teachers' affirmative, corrective and specific feedback about students' motor learning has a significant positive relationship with increases in students' formative evaluation scores in physical education classes (e.g., Takahashi, Fukami, and others 1991-1997). Teacher feedback was also found to be a useful element for improving students' motor skills and performance. In recent years qualitative research on teaching methods in physical education has become accepted as a new research approach. However, with regards to teachers' feedback it is often difficult to discern whether qualitative research has been conducted, and in studies that do include qualitative aspects it is often left unclear what type of research was conducted and what the implications of the research results might be. In this study five recent books that deal with effective teaching of research on physical education were examined, and 31 suggestions concerning teachers' effective feedback were identified. We were particularly interested in the research methods and content of those dealing with experimental research, but found that this type of research was rather limited and that the content of actual physical education classes rarely played a part in the analysis. The vast majority of suggestions concerning feedback (23) presented in the examined studies were clearly the ideas and opinions of the researcher himself. In addition, we found that most experimental studies applied quantitative and qualitative methods simultaneously (5), while none of them relied exclusively on qualitative methods. These results lead us to conclude that it is necessary to examine the effectiveness of feedback based on a set of more meaningful indicators such as appropriateness and correctness of feedback in improving students' motor skills and performance as seen from the position of both teachers and students.

    DOI CiNii

  • Case studies of appropriate teacher feedback in gymnastic units at elementary school level

    Eiichiro Fukami, Takeo Takahashi

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   23 ( 2 ) 95 - 112  2003  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI CiNii

  • Characteristics of the Purpose and Method of Qualitative Research on Teaching in Physical Education

    Satoshi Otomo, Satoshi Yoshino, Takeo Takahashi, Yoshinori Okade, Eiichiro Fukami, Junji Hosogoe

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   22 ( 2 ) 93 - 113  2002  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • An examination of the time transition pattern allotted to episodes of teaching in gymnastic units at elementary school

    Fukami Eiichiro, Takahashi Takeo, Hosogoe Jyunji, Yoshino Satoshi

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   45 ( 4 ) 489 - 502  2000  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    A study was conducted to examine relationships among the times allotted to each episode of teaching(instruction, management, motor learning, cognitive learning), the frequency of teacher feedback behavior, and student evaluation of physical education classes, in units of elementary school physical education.By analyzing these relationships, it was hoped to be able to find an effective transition pattern of episodes of teaching and teacher feedback behavior, thus improving the student evaluation score.The main findings were as follows:1)After analyzing 6 gymnastic units, 4 units showed the same tendency.In the first half of the units, teachers allotted plenty of time to instruction episodes.As the units continued, times for instruction episodes gradually decreased.Also, times for management episodes in the three units decreased in the latter half of the units.On the other hand, the time for motor learning episodes and the frequency of teacher feedback behavior increased slowly in the latter half of the units.Corresponding to these trends, student evaluation scores increased.2)However, 2 units did not show this tendency.In these units, the student evaluation scores did not increase.This was caused by two problem.One teacher with poor skills spent too much time on management and could not give enogh time to motor learning.In the other teacher, despite allowing enough time for motor learning and giving active feedback behavior, the learning task for students was too difficult to achieve.

    DOI CiNii

  • The Effect of Teacher Interaction Behaviors on Student Evaluation of Physical Education Classes

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   17 ( 2 ) 73 - 83  1997  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • A study on the effective teacher's feedback behavior in physical education class : mainly focusing on student's awareness of teacher's feedback and formative evaluation

    Fukami Eiichiro, Takahashi Takeo, Hino Katsuhiro, Yoshino Satoshi

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)   42 ( 3 ) 167 - 179  1997  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the effective feedback behavior for teachers which produced better learning results in physical education classes. Data were collected during 42 elementary school physical education classes taught by 42 teachers. In a previous study (Takahashi et al., 1996), the expression modes of teacher's feedback, especially "two-way communication", "transmittable" and "sympathetic" showed significant correlations with student's formative evaluation of physical education classes. In this study we examined the relationships between teacher's feedback and their expression modes and student's awareness of them and their formative evaluation of physical education classes. The main findings were as follows: 1) "Positive feedback", "corrective feedback" and "specific feedback" given to student's skill learning showed significant correlations with student's awareness of teacher's feedback. 2) The expression modes, especially "transmittable", "sympathetic", "expression technique" and "verbal content" showed significant correlations with student's awareness of teacher's feedback. 3) The students who were aware of having received effective advice from the teacher evaluated physical education classes significantly higher than the others.. 4) Thus, we conclude that teacher's positive and corrective feedback with a specific content aimed at student's skill learning and their desirable expression modes would be accepted as effective advice by students, leading to better learning results.

    DOI CiNii

  • The Effects of Teacher's Interaction Behaviors and their Ways of Expression on Student's Formative Evaluation to Physical Education Class

    Takeo TAKAHASHI, Yoshio UTAGAWA, Satoshi YOSHINO, Katsuhiro HINO, Eiichiro FUKAMI, Shigeyuki SHIMIZU

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   16 ( 1 ) 13 - 23  1996  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

  • A Study on the Effectiveness of an Observation Checklist in Physical Education Class

    Katsuhiro HINO, Takeo TAKAHASHI, Satoru IYODA, Etsushi HASEGAWA, Eiichiro FUKAMI

    Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies   16 ( 2 ) 113 - 124  1996  [Refereed]

    DOI CiNii

▼display all

Books and Other Publications

  • 実践!グッドコーチング レベルアップ編

    スポーツ庁, 日本スポーツ協会, 伊藤雅充, 土屋裕睦, 荒井弘和, 黒岩純, 佐良土茂樹, 相馬浩隆, 橋口泰一, 深見英一郎, 古川佑生, 本間三和子, 松井陽子, 山田快( Part: Contributor, CASE9 規律や⻑幼の序を学ぶための伝統を守りたい、CASE10 指⽰どおりに動くプレーヤーを育てたい pp. 38-41)

    PHP 研究所  2022.10

  • 体育科教育学⼊⾨[三訂版]

    岡出美則, 友添秀則, 岩田靖 編著( Part: Contributor, 第 7 章 ①モニタリングと相互作⽤技術 pp. 110-118)

    (株)⼤修館書店  2021.05

  • 体育科教育学研究ハンドブック

    細越淳二, 友添秀則, 日野克博 編著( Part: Contributor, 第 4 章 教師⾏動研究、pp.100-106)

    (株)⼤修館書店  2021.03

  • よい体育授業を求めて:全国からの発信と交流

    細越淳二, 近藤智靖, 吉永武史, 清水由, 深見英一郎

    大修館書店  2015

  • 新版 体育科教育学の現在

    深見英一郎, 岡出美則, 友添秀則, 松田恵二, 田靖

    創文企画  2015

  • 新版 体育科教育学入門

    深見英一郎, 高橋健夫, 岡出美則, 友添秀則, 田靖

    大修館書店  2010

▼display all

Research Projects

  • Desirable method of player selection in high school baseball clubs

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2021.04
    -
    2024.03
     

  • A study on teacher's appropriate approach to improve students' motor skill

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • Research on desirable teaching methods for students in athletic clubs

    Project Year :

    2015.04
    -
    2018.03
     

     View Summary

    The formative evaluation method shows the observation point of view on daily activities of the athletic clubs, and presents improvement points on the practice contents and teaching methods. In this study, in order to clarify desirable teaching methods for athletic club for students, a formative evaluation method for athletic clubs was created based on previous studies.In addition, in the course of study, voluntary activities of students are recommended in athletic clubs. In the actual teaching, the coach exchanged opinions with the students and clarified whether they were actively incorporating their opinions. Furthermore, it was clarified whether the students were evaluating the teaching methods of the coach who emphasized the independence of the students

  • Research on effective teaching skills and techniques to improves student's motivation on Physical Education.

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2008
    -
    2010
     

    FUKAMI Eiichiro, OKAZAWA Yoshinori, TANAKA Yuichiro

     View Summary

    In this study we examined an effective instructional method for physical education, especially focus on a student be not good at exercise. We wanted to have all students experience the pleasure of engage in movement with classmates, and acquire the motor skills in physical education which is a base of lifelong sports. We guided a careful preparation and the positive approach to students from the viewpoint of being motivated to the movement. As a result, we were able to accomplish an effective physical education class, especially, students be not good at exercise are positively engaged in the movement, and are related with classmates, and their motor skill have improved

 

Syllabus

▼display all

 

Overseas Activities

  • 共生の視点からみた望ましいスポーツ指導の在り方

    2023.02
    -
    2024.02

    米国   フロリダ大学

Sub-affiliation

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

  • Faculty of Sport Sciences   Graduate School of Sport Sciences

Internal Special Research Projects

  • 選手一人一人が輝けるチームづくりとそれを実現する指導者の在り方

    2023  

     View Summary

    2023年春に開催された第5回WBCでは日本が14年ぶりの世界一に輝いた。MLBで活躍する超一流の選手が参画し史上最強の日本代表チームが結成されたことが大きな話題となった。しかし、最も印象的だったのは代表チームのチームワークの良さであり、選手たち一人一人がのびのび楽しんでプレーする姿であった。野球に限らず、これまでオリンピックなどの国際大会において、日本人は「日の丸を背負って」「絶対に負けられない」といった重圧から、本来の実力を発揮できなかったり大事な場面で凡ミスを犯したりする場面を何度も目にしてきた。なぜ、選手たちは大舞台において大きなプレッシャーを感じながらも、最高のパフォーマンスを発揮することができたのか。それは指導者と選手が世界一という明確な目標に向かって各自の強みを最大限発揮し、良好なチームワークが形成されたからであると考えられる。ここでは、指導者や選手がどのようなリーダーシップを発揮すればそのようなチームづくりにつながるのかを明らかにしようとした。「選手一人一人が輝けるチームづくりとそれを実現する指導者の在り方」をテーマとして、その要因を検討した。方法は、第5回WBC日本代表監督が決定した2021年11月30日以降の新聞記事及びインターネットニュース記事から、チームづくり、チーム運営、指導者・選手のコメントを拾い集め、分析用データを作成しコーディングを行った。その結果、「選手一人一人が輝けるチーム」とは、①選手が自分の役割を認識して、チームの勝利に向けて最高のパフォーマンスを発揮する、②控えの選手は応援しつつも常に自身の準備を怠らない、③負けている時も勝利を信じてプレーや態度・行動でチームを鼓舞する、④指導者の強い意志と信念をもったリーダーシップとチーム全員のフォロワーシップである。

  • 運動部活動における選手選考がチームに与える影響

    2021  

     View Summary

     運動部活動に参加する生徒の多くは、選手に選ばれ試合に出場したいと考えている。しかし、多くのチームスポーツにおいては競技人数が決まっており、誰もが選手に選ばれるわけではない。その点で、選手選考は部員のやる気やチームの士気に大きく影響する。チームによって選手を選ぶ基準は異なり、指導者とすべての部員が納得できる選手選考を実行するのは難しい。 本研究の目的は、チーム運営を左右する重要な課題である選手選考がチームに与える影響を明らかにすることであった。そのために、調査用紙を作成し全国の運動部活動の指導者ならびに部員を対象に調査を行った。今後、分析して論文にまとめ学会誌に投稿する予定である。

  • 運動部活動における望ましい選手選考の在り方

    2020  

     View Summary

    We conducted a survey on current high school athletic club coaches regarding the method of player selection, which is important for both coaches and members to manage the team. The subjects were coaches of the high school&nbsp; athletic clubs. As a result of survey, the most common method of player selection is that the coach takes the initiative and listens to the thoughts and opinions of the members, and he selects the player based on them. Here, the coach presented the selection criteria that all the members should make an effort to in advance, and equally guaranteed the opportunity to be selected as a player for all members. Moreover, it was important selection criteria that not only the player's performance skills and achievements were high, but also that the player's attitude of training and school life were reliable and hard-working. It is considered that these selection criteria and procedures ensured the opportunity for all members to make independent efforts. Among the target high school athletic clubs, no team was found to democratically select players by exchanging opinions with members only. This is because it is very complicated and difficult to show fair and clear selection criteria and selection procedures to members, and to select players fairly and democratically in a diverse and large team. In addition, most of the technical and tactical play in the sports match is executed by the direction and sign of the coach. Therefore, it is considered that neither the coach nor the members feel uncomfortable when the coach selects a player. In the future research issue, it is necessary to examine how the member feels and evaluates the choice of players led by the coach.

  • 生徒の運動技能の向上につながる教師の適切な働きかけに関する研究

    2019  

     View Summary

    &nbsp;&nbsp; In the High School Baseball Championship(HSBC), all members are eager to participate in the game, and player selection greatly affects the motivation of members and the morale of the team. The criteria for selecting players vary according to the head coach, and it is difficult to select players that the coach and all members can convince.This study clarifies the ideal way of selecting players of HSBC for all members.&nbsp;&nbsp; The authors conducted a survey form on player selection based on the Guidelines for club activities guidance (2018). The subjects were 34 head coaches, more than 80% have been teaching high school baseball for more than 10 years.- About 70% of the registered players were "coaches only" and about 30% were "coaches and members".- Approximately 60% of the coaches' selection criteria were baseball technical skills and daily practice attitudes, while the remaining 40% were school attitudes, personalities and humanities.&nbsp;&nbsp; Player selection is an important issue that determines the fate of the team, so it is necessary to ensure fairness and transparency. Coaches need to consider player selection as an important educational opportunity, and provide some clear selection criteria to indicate the direction in which members should work.

  • 顕著な競技成績を収めた運動部活動の指導・活動実態を明らかにする

    2015   岡沢 祥訓

     View Summary

    The purpose of this study was to analyze therelationship between the student’s consciousness for the goal of team /individual and their satisfaction for the athletic club.We made a questionnaire survey of goalsetting of the team / individual of the athletic club activity, and investigatethe student’s satisfaction for their activity, and analyzed the relation of them.We investigated 4 questions about goal setting of the team, a)set or not, b)whowas decided, c)share or not, d) identification of goals. We investigated 4questions about goal setting of the individual, a)set or not, whether or not b)making a concrete plan for the achievement, and c) making an effort foraccomplishment. The object was 4,104 students of 292 athleticclubs of in 29 junior high schools, and &nbsp;3,944students of 249 athletic clubs in 23 high schools, 8,048 students in total.The main results were as follows:1) It was important that the team has aclear goal, all students share it, and they were concerned with the aimdecision, leads to many students satisfied with the athletic clubs.2) Each student had one's goal, to make aconcrete plan for the achievement, and to make an effort for accomplishmentevery day.

  • 生徒の主体性と指導者の主導性の両方を重視した運動部活動の指導の在り方

    2014   岡澤祥訓

     View Summary

    Constructionof an Instrument for Formative Evaluation of Athletic Clubs. The purpose of this study was to developa reliable and effective structure for formative evaluation of athletic clubsof junior high school and high school. To develop a formative evaluation ofathletic clubs which can be used in each activity unit is shown an improvementpoint of observation and the way to desirable coaching with students. The schoolstudents were asked to answer a questionnaire which contained 25 items on theinstructional objectives and the ways of training after each activity unit, anda factor analysis was done. Factor analysis reveals a three-factorsolution. The first factor, "Motivational coaching" was defined by three items.The second factor, "Successful training" was defined by three items. Thethird factor, "Enthusiastic training" was defined by three items. Thereliability of these scales were tested by the coefficient&nbsp;α, and credibleresults were obtained. Three factor scores showed significant and positiverelationships with those of the comprehensive evaluation items concerning goodand effective training.Thus, the factors wereinterpreted as effective standards for formative evaluation.

  • 生徒の守備能力を高めるティーボールグラブの開発

    2013  

     View Summary

    体育授業において、初めてベースボール型ゲームに取り組む小・中学生が手軽に使用できる、素手の感覚に近い、軽くて柔らかい、かつ安価な「Tボール用グラブ」を開発することを目的とした。これにより捕球技能が向上し、攻撃と守備、両方の能力が高まってベースボール型ゲームのおもしろさをより深く味わえる。また正式なグラブを用いる小学校高学年以降のソフトボールへのスムーズな移行が期待できると考えた。研究計画の第一弾として、日本学術振興会の科学研究費補助金を充てて「Tボール用グラブ」の開発を業者に依頼する予定であったが、当てが外れてしまった。グラブの開発には多額の費用がかかるため、計画を見直さなければならなかった。そのため新しい研究テーマとして、「運動部活動の指導の在り方に関する調査研究」を設定した。ここでは、運動部活動における望ましい指導の在り方を検討するために、指導者及び生徒に対してアンケート調査を行いたいと考えた。運動部活動は、スポーツに興味・関心をもち、心身の成長が著しい中・高校生に対して、学校教育の一環として生涯にわたる健全な心と身体を培い、豊かな人間性を育む重要な教育活動である。また、運動部活動は顧問教諭をはじめとした多くの関係者の日々の熱心な指導によって運営されている。2013年 文部科学省は、運動部活動の在り方に関する調査研究報告(~一人一人の生徒が輝く運動部活動を目指して~)において、理想的な指導の在り方について、「生徒との意見交換を十分に行い、生徒の意見を十分に反映させることが必要」であり、「生徒一人一人が主体性を持ってより納得してスポーツに取り組めるよう」、また「生徒たちが自ら課題を見いだし、自ら目標を設定し、自ら工夫して活動に取り組むよう」に指導すべきであると示されている。しかしながら中学生と高校生では、心身の発達及び人間的な成熟度が異なり、特に中学生では指導者がある程度、主導的に目標と内容を定めて運営を進める必要があるかもしれない。果たして、実際に学校現場で行われている運動部活動では、どのような指導方針及び運営のしかたがなされているのか、調査したいと考えた。そこで本研究では指導者の指導方針とチーム成績及び生徒の満足度との関係を調査する。具体的には、指導者の指導方針はチームの目標・運営にどのように反映されているか、また日頃の練習の目標・内容・方法について、誰がどのように決定・運営しているか、さらにそれらについて生徒の考え・意見がどの程度反映されているか等を調査する。くわえて、それらの運動部の指導方針及び運営のしかたを生徒たちはどのように受け止め、実際にチームの成績にどのようにつながっているかを明らかにする。現在、指導者と生徒に対する「運動部活動の指導の在り方に関する調査票」(各A4用紙1枚、生徒用は表裏印刷)を作成し、南は鹿児島県から北は岩手県まで全国の中学校25校、高等学校25校における約300名の指導者と約8000名(予定)の生徒を対象にアンケート調査を実施し、現在、回収し、分析中である。次年度には、一定の研究成果を報告することができる。

  • 中学・高校の体育授業における教師のフィードバックの適切性に関する研究

    2011  

     View Summary

    体育授業ではすべての生徒を運動やスポーツに親しませ,上手くさせることが求められる。そのため教師は生徒の運動学習に対して適切なアドバイス(技能的フィードバック)を与える必要がある。しかし教師が適切なアドバイスを与えたとしても,生徒がその内容を理解できなければそれは適切とは言えない。そこで,運動の専門的知識・技術を理解したり判断したりすることができる中・高校生の体育授業を対象に,教師のフィードバックの適切さを検討したいと考えた。これにより,日頃,運動の苦手な生徒の指導に悩んでいる教師たちに手がかりを与えることができると考えた。運動の苦手な生徒に対して教師が積極的に関わるようになれば,彼らの積極的な取り組みと技能成果の向上が期待できる。このように教師のフィードバックの「適切さ」を検討することは,すべての生徒を運動やスポーツに親しませ,上手くさせることにつながると考えられる。一方で,数々の研究から中学・高等学校の体育授業では教師の肯定的な相互作用行動が非常に少ないことが指摘された。そこで,フィードバックの適切さを検討する前に,まずは「いかに授業中の相互作用行動を増大させることができるか」を検討することにした。具体的には,相互作用行動が多い熟練教師と少ない初任教師の体育授業中の教師行動を観察・分析することによって熟練教師の優れた指導方略を明らかにしようとした。対象は,単元過程でみたボール運動(ゴール型)2単元15授業であった。熟練教師は単元過程で自立的な運動学習時間を確保して,その中で数多くの相互作用行動,なかでも技能に関する肯定的・矯正的フィードバックを与えた結果,より多くの生徒から「役に立った」と受けとめられていた。一方,初任教師は単元過程でマネジメント場面と行動的フィードバックが多くなった結果,生徒が助言を受けとめた割合が少なかった。初任教師の授業では,一部の生徒がなかなか集合できなかったり教師の話を集中して聞くことができず授業が予定通り進行できなかったために,教師は生徒の望ましくない行動・態度に対して注意を与えざるを得なかった。結局,それは教師の説明が不十分であったり課題ゲームのルールが曖昧であったりしたためである。以上の結果から,肯定的な相互作用行動を促進するためには,生徒の学習規律を確立し,自立的学習が営まれる運動学習時間の中で,教師が生徒と数多くの相互作用行動を営むことが重要であることが示された。特に,技能に関する肯定的・矯正的フィードバックを与え,より多くの生徒から「役に立つ助言を受けた」と認識させる必要がある。今後は,教師の技能的フィードバックに着目して,その内容が実際に生徒のつまずきや問題に対応し,問題解決につながっていたかを客観的に検討していく必要がある。

▼display all