YOKOTA, Kazuhiko

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Commerce, School of Commerce

Job title

Professor

Concurrent Post 【 display / non-display

  • Faculty of Political Science and Economics   School of Political Science and Economics

  • Faculty of Commerce   Graduate School of Commerce

Education 【 display / non-display

  •  
    -
    2004

    University of Colorado at Boulder   Graduate School, Department of Economics   Economics  

  •  
    -
    1989

    Waseda University   Graduate School, Division of Economics  

  •  
    -
    1989

    Waseda University   Graduate School, Division of Economics  

  •  
    -
    1986

    Waseda University   School of Commerce  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • University of Colorado at Boulder   Ph.D. in Economics

Research Experience 【 display / non-display

  • 2007
    -
    2009

    Kyushu University, Visiting Associate Professor

  • 2007.08
    -
    2007.09

    Korea Institute for International Economic Policy, Visiting Fellow

  • 2007
    -
     

    National Productivity Corporation, Malaysia, Technical Expert

  • 2006.10
    -
     

    University of Indonesia, (LPEM)Jakarta, Visiting Fellow

  • 2006.08
    -
    2006.10

    Malaysian Institute of Economic Research, Kuala Lumpur, Visiting Fellow

display all >>

 

Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Economic policy

  • Economic policy

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • International Economics, Development Economics

Papers 【 display / non-display

  • In Search of the Learning-by-Exporting Effect: Role of Economies of Scale and Technology

    Kazuhiko Yokota, Kyosuke Kurita, Shujiro Urata

    China Economic Policy Review   5 ( 1 ) 1650001-1 - 1650001-27  2016.11  [Refereed]

    DOI

  • Who gains from foreign direct investment-induced technology spillovers? Horizontal and vertical linkages

    Akinori Tomohara, Kazuhiko Yokota

    Australian Economic Review   46 ( 3 ) 312 - 324  2013.09  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    While the literature has explored the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and productivity, a consensus has yet to be reached regarding FDIs impacts on the productivity of local companies, specifically with respect to vertical spillovers. This analysis extends upon previous works and sheds light on the necessity of distinguishing establishment characteristics when discussing potential benefits from FDI. The analysis shows that export-oriented establishments enjoy forward spillovers. Horizontal and backward spillovers are observed in local market-oriented establishments. These results lead to the conclusion that the literature during the 2000s shows country-wide spillover effects or averaged effects across industries. © 2013 The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research.

    DOI

  • R&D Spillovers and Foreign Market Entry: Acquisition versus Greenfield Investment

    Kazuhiko Yokota, Kung-Ming Chen

    International Economic Journal   26 ( 2 ) 265 - 280  2012.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper presents a three-stage game to model the entry behavior of a multinational firm in the presence of R&amp
    D spillovers. The multinational firm's entry mode choice - that is, to invest to set up a new plant or merge with a local firm - is a function of the magnitude of spillovers, as well as the relative cost of greenfield investment, and mergers and acquisitions (M&amp
    A). Our model shows that if there exist relatively high R&amp
    D leakages and relatively small difference in cost between M&amp
    A and greenfield investment, an R&amp
    D-intensive foreign firm tends to choose greenfield investment rather than M&amp
    A, while if there exist relatively low R&amp
    D leakages, the foreign firm is more likely to choose M&amp
    A rather than greenfield investment. It is also shown that the size of social welfare of the host country depends on the degree of R&amp
    D spillovers. These results produce strong implications for antitrust policy for particularly developing countries. © 2012 Copyright Korea International Economic Association.

    DOI

  • Foreign direct investment and wage inequality: is skill upgrading the culprit?

    Akinori Tomohara, Kazuhiko Yokota

    APPLIED ECONOMICS LETTERS   18 ( 8 ) 773 - 781  2011  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article examines whether inward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a source of wage inequality between skilled and unskilled labour in developing countries. Although the literature has explored wage inequality issues, we studied the impacts of FDI on skill upgrading comprehensively, together with trade and other factors (such as FDI externalities). Specifically, our analysis introduces the origin of FDI, controls for plant heterogeneity and relates the results to the FDI theory on Multinational Enterprises (MNEs). The results show that, on average, FDI caused wage inequality because of FDI-led skill-biased technological change. However, Japanese and Taiwanese investments helped to alleviate the inequality. Japanese and Taiwanese FDI is motivated by cost advantages achieved through vertical FDI and thus increases relative demand for unskilled labour.

    DOI

  • Modeling FDI-induced Technology Spillovers (Lead Article)

    Kazuhiko Yokota, Akinori Tomohara

    International Trade Journal   24 ( 1 ) 5 - 34  2010  [Refereed]

display all >>

Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • Economies in Transition, China, Russia, Vietnam

    Nazrul Islam, Kazuhiko Yokota

    Eastern Academic  2016

  • 川邉信雄、嶋村紘輝、山本哲三編著 『日本経済の成長戦略』

    横田一彦, 経済統合, 日本の進むべき道

    中央経済社  2012

  • 松岡俊二・勝間田弘編著 『アジア地域統合の展開』

    横田一彦, 東アジアの経済統合, 貿易構造の変化と統合の利益

    勁草書房  2012

  • 弦間正彦、吉野久生編著『技術選択と経済発展』

    横田一彦, 技術的外部経済と工業化政策

    アジア経済研究所  2012

  • 浦田秀次郎、栗田匡相編著 『テキストブックアジア経済統合』

    横田一彦, 重力方程式は何を推計しているのか

    勁草書房  2012

display all >>

Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • Global Value Chains and Economic Development: A Firm-level Analysis

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2023.03
     

  • The impacts of Trade Liberalization Policy through the Domestic Supply Chain in Japan

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • Japan's Trade Liberalization Policy and Economic Growth

    Project Year :

    2015.04
    -
    2018.03
     

     View Summary

    Japan’s two economic partnership agreements (EPA) are examined for analyzing the effects of trade liberalization on changes in exports and comparative advantage structure. I analyzed two Japan’s EPAs, Japan-Mexico, and Japan-Chile EPAs. In so doing, I construct two theoretical models: one is based on a heterogeneous firm model and the second is based on a Ricardian continuum good model incorporating intensive and extensive margins.The results show that the tariff liberalization increases intensive margin but not extensive margin in Japan-Mexico EPA, while it increases both extensive and intensive margins of Japan’s exports to Chile through the change in comparative advantage of Japan in Japan-Chile EPA. These findings suggest the importance of expanding FTA networks and promoting the use of FTAs in order to increase trade. Governments can contribute to an increase in the use of FTAs by implementing the measures such as disseminating the information about the benefits of using FTA

  • オフショアリングと日本の賃金構造

    基盤研究(C)

    Project Year :

    2012
    -
    2014
     

     View Summary

    企業のオフショアリングが日本の賃金格差の拡大に影響を与えたか、与えたとすればどの程度かを明らかにすることが本研究の目的である。日本ではオフショアリングの影響がしばしば産業空洞化と結びついて議論された結果,産業の雇用喪失が大きな論点とされ、賃金格差にまで議論が及ばなかった。本研究では日経NEEDS-FAME、Financial Quest、Astra Manager等のデータ・ベースを活用し、できるだけ詳細な産業別、企業規模別の主要データを採用する。現在,経済産業省『海外事業活動基本調査』、『海外事業活動動向調査』データ、東洋経済新報社『海外進出企業総覧』と合わせ、オフショアリングの企業規模別、職種別の主要なデータを収集中である。
    しかしながら望ましい賃金データが存在しないことが明らかになったので,CSR企業総覧データ・ベースから平均年間給与総額を従業員数で割ることによって代替する予定である。ただしこのデータはPDFファイル形式でしか入手できないので,現在のところ収集・整理に時間がかかっている。
    2013年度もこの方向で研究を進めてきたが,賃金データの入手がかなり困難であったため,むしろ理論研究に時間を使用した。理論研究ではオフショアリングが生じた場合,貿易にどのような変化が生じるかを検討している。貿易の拡大には主に2つの要因がある。一つはそれまで貿易していなかった財の取引が生じる効果と以前から取引されていた財の数量が増える効果である。そこで本研究ではこの2つの貿易の変化とオフショアリングの影響を考慮するモデルを考えた。
    今年度はこの理論モデルを完成させ,国内外の会議で発表し,コメントを得る予定である。

  • Internationalization and Firm Productivity: International Comparative Perspective

    Project Year :

    2010
    -
    2013
     

     View Summary

    Whether or not exports and foreign direct investment contribute to enhance the international competitiveness of the firms is an important question for both Japanese business circles and policy makers. This research project attempts to answer this question, using firm-level data and trade data. We examined the characteristics of the firms which enter into the export market and/or start foreign direct investment. Our project also examined whether or not the performance of firms improved after firm start exporting and/or foreign direct investment.

display all >>

Overseas Activities 【 display / non-display

  • 企業の国際化とその影響に関する研究

    2014.08
    -
    2016.08

    アメリカ合衆国   ワシントン大学ビジネススクール

 

Syllabus 【 display / non-display

display all >>