Updated on 2024/02/29

写真a

 
HINO, Airo
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Political Science and Economics, School of Political Science and Economics
Job title
Professor
Degree
Ph.D (Government) ( University of Essex )
MA (Political Science) ( Waseda University )
BA (Political Science) ( Waseda University )

Research Experience

  •  
     
     

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Fellow, 2004/10-2005/07 Flemish Community Fellow at Instituut voor Sociaal en Politiek Opinieononderzoek (ISPO) of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL), 2006/04-2007/03, FRS Fellow at Centre de Politique Comparée (CPC) of Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL), 2007/04-2010/03, Associate Professor at Tokyo Metropolitan University, 2010/04-2014/03 Associate Professor at Faculty of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University 2014/04

Education Background

  • 2001.10
    -
    2006.06

    University of Essex   Department of Government Ph.D Programme  

  • 2000.04
    -
     

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Political Science   Ph.D Programme  

  • 1998.04
    -
    2000.03

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Political Science   Master Programme  

  • 1994.04
    -
    1998.03

    Waseda University   School of Political Science and Economics   Political Science Major  

Committee Memberships

  • 2022.05
    -
    Now

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Editor

  • 2020.06
    -
    2021.05

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Referee Committee Chair

  • 2020.06
    -
    2021.05

    日本選挙学会  査読委員会委員長

  • 2018.04
    -
    2021.03

    ICPSR国内利用協議会  会長

  • 2019.05
    -
    2020.05

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Referee Committee Vice-Chair

  • 2019.05
    -
    2020.05

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Referee Committee Sub-Chair

  • 2019.05
    -
    2020.05

    日本選挙学会  査読委員会副委員長

  • 2009.11
    -
    2019.04

    Reviathan  Review Committee Member

  • 2009.11
    -
    2019.04

    レヴァイアサン  書評委員

  • 2018.05
    -
     

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Council Member

  • 2018.05
    -
     

    日本選挙学会  理事

  • 2018.04
    -
     

    Japanese National Membership of ICPSR (Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research)  Council Chair

  • 2016.11
    -
     

    European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)  Official Representative (OR) of Waseda University

  • 2016.11
    -
     

    European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)  Official Representative (OR) of Waseda University

  • 2014.10
    -
    2016.10

    Japanese Political Science Association  Referee Board Member

  • 2014.10
    -
    2016.10

    日本政治学会  査読委員

  • 2012.05
    -
    2016.05

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Council Member (Chair of International Committee)

  • 2012.05
    -
    2016.05

    日本選挙学会  理事(国際化委員会委員長)

  • 2013.04
    -
    2016.03

    Japan Forum for Research in Public Policy  Council Member

  • 2013.04
    -
    2016.03

    政策研究フォーラム  理事

  • 2013.10
    -
    2015.12

    Japanese Association of Political Science  Editorial Board Member

  • 2013.10
    -
    2015.12

    日本政治学会  編集委員

  • 2014.06
    -
    2015.06

    Japanese Association of Comparative Politics  Editorial Board Member

  • 2014.06
    -
    2015.06

    日本比較政治学会  編集委員

  • 2013.04
    -
    2015.04

    Japanese Association of Political Economy  Council Member (Secretary General)

  • 2013.04
    -
    2015.04

    政治経済学会  理事(事務局長)

  • 2013.04
    -
    2015.03

    Japanese National Membership of ICPSR (Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research)  Financial Audit

  • 2013.04
    -
    2015.03

    ICPSR国内利用協議会  会計監査

  • 2013.11
    -
    2014.06

    Japanese Association of Comparative Politics  Working Group Member of Launching Online Journal

  • 2013.11
    -
    2014.06

    日本比較政治学会  オンライン・ジャーナル編集・査読体制検討WGメンバー

  • 2013.06
    -
    2014.06

    Japanese Association of Comparative Politics  Program Committee Member

  • 2013.06
    -
    2014.06

    日本比較政治学会  企画委員

  • 2013.05
    -
    2014.05

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Program Committee Member

  • 2013.05
    -
    2014.05

    日本選挙学会  企画委員

  • 2013.05
    -
    2014.04

    21st Century Policy Institute  Task Force Team Member

  • 2013.05
    -
    2014.04

    21世紀政策研究所  タスクフォース委員

  • 2013.04
    -
    2014.03

    Japan Forum for Research in Public Policy  Member of Research Committee on Policy Trends of Political Parties in Europe

  • 2013.04
    -
    2014.03

    政策研究フォーラム  欧州政党の政策動向研究委員会委員

  • 2012.04
    -
    2013.03

    Japanese Association of Political Economy  Council Member (Financial Officer)

  • 2012.04
    -
    2013.03

    政治経済学会  理事(会計主任)

  • 2011.05
    -
    2012.05

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Secretariat Member

  • 2011.05
    -
    2012.05

    日本選挙学会  事務局幹事

  • 2012.04
    -
     

    Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)  Designated Representative (DR) of Waseda University

  • 2012.04
    -
     

    Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)  Designated Representative (DR) of Waseda University

  • 2010.12
    -
    2012.04

    21st Century Policy Institute  Task Force Team Member of Party Politics Project

  • 2010.12
    -
    2012.04

    21世紀政策研究所  タスクフォース委員(政党政治プロジェクト)

  • 2009.11
    -
    2011.06

    the Supreme Court of Japan Officer and the Family Court of Japan Investigator.  Examiner of the Supreme Court of Japan Officer and the Family Court of Japan Investigator

  • 2009.11
    -
    2011.06

    最高裁判所  裁判所事務官採用Ⅰ・Ⅱ種試験・家庭裁判所調査官補採用Ⅰ種試験出題委員(教養問題)

  • 2008.04
    -
    2010.03

    Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)  Official Representative (OR) of Tokyo Metropolitan University

  • 2008.04
    -
    2010.03

    European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)  Official Representative (OR) of School of Law and Political Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University

  • 2008.04
    -
    2010.03

    European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)  Official Representative (OR) of School of Law and Political Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University

  • 2008.05
    -
    2009.12

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies  Editorial Board Member

  • 2008.05
    -
    2009.12

    日本選挙学会  編集委員

  • 2009.10
    -
     

    COMPArative Methods for Systematic cross-caSe analySis (COMPASSS)  Advisory Board Member

  • 2009.10
    -
     

    COMPArative Methods for Systematic cross-caSe analySis (COMPASSS)  Advisory Board Member

▼display all

Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    Japanese Association of Political Economy

  •  
     
     

    Japanese Political Science Association

  •  
     
     

    Japanese Association of Comparative Politics

  •  
     
     

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies

  •  
     
     

    Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research

  •  
     
     

    International Political Science Association (IPSA)

  •  
     
     

    European Consortium for Political Research

  •  
     
     

    American Political Science Association (APSA)

▼display all

Research Areas

  • Politics

Research Interests

  • Election, Voting Behaviour, Public Opinion, Political Communication, Social Media, Electoral System, Party System, Comparative Politics

Awards

  • Best Paper Award

    2021.12   5th International QCA Paper Development Workshop 2021   Time-differencing Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA): A set theoretical development

    Winner: Niikawa, Sho, Hino, Airo

  • Waseda Research Award (High-Impact Publication)

    2016.02   Waseda University   Waseda Research Award (High-Impact Publication)

  • Okuma Memorial Academic Award

    2015.11   Waseda Univeristy   Okuma Memorial Academic Award

  • Best Article Award (Japanese Association of Electoral Studies)

    2015.05   Japanese Association of Electoral Studies   Best Article Award

 

Papers

  • Japan: Political Developments and Data in 2021

    AIRO HINO, HIROKI OGAWA, ROBERT A. FAHEY, LING LIU

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook   61 ( 1 ) 264 - 286  2022.12

    DOI

  • A Japanese Subjective Well-Being Indicator Based on Twitter Data

    Tiziana CARPI, Airo HINO, Stefano Maria IACUS, Giuseppe PORRO

    Social Science Japan Journal   25 ( 2 ) 273 - 296  2022.09  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Abstract

    This study presents for the first time the SWB-J index, a subjective well-being indicator for Japan based on Twitter data. The index is composed by eight dimensions of subjective well-being and is estimated relying on Twitter data by using human supervised sentiment analysis. The index is then compared with the analogous SWB-I index for Italy in order to verify possible analogies and cultural differences. Further, through structural equation models, we investigate the relationship between economic and health conditions of the country and the well-being latent variable and illustrate how this latent dimension affects the SWB-J and SWB-I indicators. It turns out that, as expected, economic and health welfare is only one aspect of the multidimensional well-being that is captured by the Twitter-based indicator.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • Still valuable? Reconsidering the role of authoritarian values among Japanese voters

    Antonio Benasaglio Berlucchi, Airo Hino

    Japanese Journal of Political Science   23 ( 2 ) 129 - 145  2022.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Abstract

    The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) has dominated Japanese politics since its foundation in 1955. The party's ability to support the interests of small farmers and its commitment to the middle-class through redistributive economic policies have been regarded as among the primary factors leading to its prolonged hegemony. Yet, the LDP has occasionally relied on non-economic political appeals addressing rather conservative issues such as Japan's military force and the country's traditional values. These appeals have significantly intensified under the premiership of Junichirō Koizumi and his successor Shinzō Abe, whose authoritative leadership styles and nationalist agendas reveal the relevance of non-economic values. This study focuses on the role of authoritarian values in shaping vote choice in twenty-first century Japan. Previously emphasized in The Japanese Voter, the authority–liberty dimension has gradually lost prominence in recent models of voting behavior, where socio-economic factors have had a central role in explaining vote choice. Our inquiry places new emphasis on this value dimension and provides evidence for the enduring relevance of individual authoritarian dispositions in models of vote choice.

    DOI

  • Populism in Japan

    Robert A. Fahey, Airo Hino, Robert J. Pekkanen

    The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Politics     316 - 350  2022.01

     View Summary

    <p>While populism has become a major force in many nations in recent decades, the extent to which the phenomenon is found in Japan’s politics is a contested topic on which scholars have asserted positions ranging from claims that it simply does not exist in Japan, to opposing claims that Japan’s most powerful and influential recent prime ministers have in fact been populists, with various positions in between those extremes also being represented. Some of this contestation arises from different definitions of “populism” that were developed in parallel in Japanese and Western literature, both of which also further differ from the vernacular usage of the term in Japanese political and media discourses. Consequently, scholars following different definitions have drawn quite different conclusions regarding the populist nature of Japanese political actors. This chapter outlines the correspondences and contrasts between the different definitions and uses them to examine claims that prominent contemporary political figures, including former prime ministers Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzō Abe, as well as regional governors Toru Hashimoto, Yuriko Koike, and Takashi Kawamura, have been populists or have utilized populist rhetoric in their campaigns. We find that while overt populism in Japan—at least according to the definitions used internationally—is generally confined to regional politics, national leaders have also displayed proclivity to borrow limited aspects of populist rhetoric and strategy in support of their political campaigns and policy objectives.</p>

    DOI

    Scopus

    2
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • The Impact of COVID-19 on Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from Twitter Data

    Tiziana Carpi, Airo Hino, Stefano Maria Iacus, Giuseppe Porro

    Journal of Data Science     1 - 20  2022  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study analyzes the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on subjective well-being as measured through Twitter for the countries of Japan and Italy. In the first nine months of 2020, the Twitter indicators dropped by 11.7% for Italy and 8.3% for Japan compared to the last two months of 2019, and even more compared to their historical means. To understand what affected the Twitter mood so strongly, the study considers a pool of potential factors including: climate and air quality data, number of COVID-19 cases and deaths, Facebook COVID-19 and flu-like symptoms global survey data, coronavirus-related Google search data, policy intervention measures, human mobility data, macro economic variables, as well as health and stress proxy variables. This study proposes a framework to analyse and assess the relative impact of these external factors on the dynamic of Twitter mood and further implements a structural model to describe the underlying concept of subjective well-being. It turns out that prolonged mobility restrictions, flu and Covid-like symptoms, economic uncertainty and low levels of quality in social interactions have a negative impact on well-being.

    DOI

  • How populist attitudes scales fail to capture support for populists in power

    Sebastian Jungkunz, Robert A. Fahey, Airo Hino

    PLOS ONE   16 ( 12 ) e0261658 - e0261658  2021.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Populist attitudes are generally measured in surveys through three necessary and non-compensatory elements of populism, namely anti-elitism, people-centrism, and Manicheanism. Using Comparative Study of Electoral Systems Module 5 (2016–2020) data for 30 countries, we evaluate whether this approach explains voting for populist parties across countries in Asia, Europe and the Americas. We show that the existing scales of populist attitudes effectively explain voting for populists in countries where populist leaders and parties are in opposition but fail to explain voting for populist parties in countries where they are in power. We argue that current approaches assume “the elite” to mean “politicians”, thus failing to capture attitudes towards “non-political elites” often targeted by populists in office—in particular, journalists, academics/experts, bureaucrats, and corporate business leaders. The results reveal limits to the usefulness of existing survey batteries in cross-national studies of populism and emphasize the need to develop approaches that are more generalizable across political and national contexts.

    DOI

    Scopus

    24
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Japan: Political Development and Data in 2020

    AIRO HINO, HIROKI OGAWA

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook   60 ( 1 ) 222 - 232  2021.12  [Invited]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • Value Politics in Japan and Europe

    François Foret, Airo Hino

       2021.12  [Refereed]

  • Japan: Political Development and Data in 2019

    AIRO HINO, HIROKI OGAWA

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook   59 ( 1 ) 214 - 224  2020.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • COVID-19, digital privacy, and the social limits on data-focused public health responses

    Fahey, R, Hino, A

    International Journal of Information Management   55   102181 - 102181  2020.12

    DOI

    Scopus

    109
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Electoral mobilization and voter fatigue in a multi-level context

    Jaehyun Song, Airo Hino

    Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies   36 ( 1 ) 23 - 34  2020.07  [Invited]

  • Japan: Political Development and Data for 2018

    AIRO HINO, HIROKI OGAWA

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook   58 ( 1 ) 162 - 169  2019.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • Context Impacts on Confirmation Bias: Evidence From the 2017 Japanese Snap Election Compared with American and German Findings

    Knobloch-Westerwick, S, Liu, L, Hino, A, Westerwick, A, Johnson, B. K

    Human Communication Research    2019.05  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Much concern exists about individuals’ tendency to favor attitude-consistent messages (confirmation bias) and the consequences for democracy; yet, empirical evidence is predominantly based on U.S. data and may not apply to other cultural contexts. The current three-session online experimental study unobtrusively observed Japanese participants’ (N = 200) selective exposure to political news articles right before the 2017 Japanese snap general election. The research design paralleled an earlier U.S. study and a German study, which allowed direct comparisons of confirmation biases among the three countries. Japanese exhibited a confirmation bias, but it was smaller than the confirmation bias among Americans, though comparable to that of Germans. The extent of the confirmation bias among Japanese participants was influenced by individual media trust, which provides new insight into causes of these cross-country differences. Attitudinal impacts resulted from selective exposure, in line with message stance, and persisted for two days.

    DOI

    Scopus

    14
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Representing the Twittersphere: Archiving a representative sample of Twitter data under resource constraints

    Hino, A, Fahey, R

    International Journal of Information Management   Vol. 48   175 - 184  2019.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The rising popularity of social media posts, most notably Twitter posts, as a data source for social science research poses significant problems with regard to access to representative, high-quality data for analysis. Cheap, publicly available data such as that obtained from Twitter’s public application programming interfaces is often of low quality, while high-quality data is expensive both financially and computationally. Moreover, data is often available only in real-time, making post-hoc analysis difficult or impossible. We propose and test a methodology for inexpensively creating an archive of Twitter data through population sampling, yielding a database that is highly representative of the targeted user population (in this test case, the entire population of Japanese-language Twitter users). Comparing the tweet volume, keywords, and topics found in our sample data set with the ground truth of Twitter’s full data feed confirmed a very high degree of representativeness in the sample. We conclude that this approach yields a data set that is suitable for a wide range of post-hoc analyses, while remaining cost effective and accessible to a wide range of researchers.

    DOI

    Scopus

    28
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Ranking and Rating: Neglected Biases in Factor Analysis of Postmaterialist Values

    Airo Hino, Ryosuke Imai

    International Journal of Public Opinion Research   31 ( 2 ) 368 - 381  2019  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    © 2018 The Author(s). The pros and cons of ranking and rating scales have been much discussed. It is widely accepted that factor analysis based on ranking scales suffers from a negativity bias, while that based on rating scales in turn suffers from a positivity bias. Recent decades have witnessed an increasing sophistication in techniques of neutralizing these biases in factor analysis. Using data from an experimental survey of postmaterialist values conducted in Japan, we applied these techniques and compared the dimensions extracted using ranking and rating scales. The results suggest that the postmaterialist and materialist dimensions are in fact positively correlated, in contrast to the common view that they are opposed to each other. Implications for postmaterialist theory are discussed.

    DOI

    Scopus

    11
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Japan: Political development and data for 2017

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook    2018.08  [Invited]

    DOI

  • The intensity of government–opposition divide as measured through legislative speeches and what we can learn from it: Analyses of Japanese parliamentary debates, 1953–2013

    Curini, Luigi, Hino, Airo, Osaki, Atsushi

    Government and Opposition    2018.07  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Through the analysis of legislative speeches made by prime ministers and party representatives in parliamentary sessions in Japan from 1953 to 2013, we argue that it is possible to place parties according to a dimension that captures their confrontational nature within a parliamentary democracy and its evolution over time. Using this dimension extracted via a well-known scaling algorithm (Wordfish), we develop an index of the intensity of the government–opposition divide that is directly related to the dynamics of the electoral cycle of Japanese politics. We then show how this new index greatly facilitates the investigation of two important aspects of Japanese legislative politics (the survival rate of governments and the speed of passage of cabinet bills) compared to a situation in which we focus on more traditional measures capturing the ideological position of the parties alone.

    DOI

    Scopus

    13
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Japan

    AIRO HINO

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook   56 ( 1 ) 159 - 169  2017.12

    DOI

  • Mecanismos de participación ciudadana en Japón

    Hino, A

    Mecanismos de participación ciudadana: Una Experiencia Global     239 - 250  2017

  • Measuring deliberation-within through survey questions : Comparisons of the Reason Quality Index (RQI) and the Argument Reportoire (AR)

    Imai, Ryosuke, Hino, Airo, Chiba, Ryo

    The Leviathans (The Japanese Journal of Political Science)   ( 61 ) 61 - 93  2017  [Invited]

     View Summary

    In this article, we propose a new index, named RQI (Reasoning Quality Index), to analyze the extent to which respondents in surveys ‘deliberate within’. The index measures the degree in which a preferred choice by respondents is grounded by their related attitudes coherently and accurately. Our experimental study with the existing index of Argument Repertoire (AR) and ‘perspective-taking’ batteries demonstrates that RQI validly taps the reasoning process of deliberations.

    CiNii

  • Japan

    Airo Hino

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook   55 ( 1 ) 156 - 163  2016.12  [Invited]

    Authorship:Lead author

    DOI

  • Examining response-order effects through computer randomization

    Ryosuke Imai, Airo Hino

    Electoral Survey Methodology: Insight from Japan on Using Computer Assisted Personal Interviews     74 - 85  2016.03

    DOI

    Scopus

  • The ‘very’ introduction of electoral studies: Did the Internet election campaigning mobilise voters?

    Airo Hino

    Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics   389‐390   37 - 43  2016.03  [Invited]

  • 欧州議会の機能と構造―立法・選挙・政党

    日野愛郎

    EU・欧州統合研究 改訂版-”Brexit”以後の欧州ガバナンス    2016  [Invited]

  • Political communication research in Asia

    Airo Hino, Willy Jou

    International Encyclopedia of Political Communication     1 - 10  2016.01  [Invited]

    DOI

  • Representation and integration of new political issues in party systems: Analyses of new challenger parties in 15 West European democracies

    Airo Hino

    The Annuals of Japanese Political Science Association, 2015-II   2015 ( 2 ) 130 - 165  2015.12  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • Japan

    Airo Hino

    European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook   54   169 - 180  2015.12  [Invited]

    DOI

  • Effects of electoral system reforms on political process in Japan

    Airo Hino

    Quarterly Jurist   13 ( 春 ) 126 - 132  2015.04  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • The state of art of public opinion research in Japan and its challenges

    Airo Hino

      115 ( 115 ) 21 - 37  2015.03  [Invited]

    DOI CiNii

  • 現代ベルギー政治: 連邦化後の20年

    津田由美子, 松尾秀哉, 正躰朝香, 日野愛郎

       2015

  • Representation and Integration of New Political Issues in Party Systems:

    Airo Hino

    The Annuals of Japanese Political Science Association   66 ( 2 ) 2_130 - 2_165  2015

    DOI

  • The Status-quo and Challenges of CAI Surveys in Political Science::Comparisons of Waseda-CASI Surveys and Official Election Results

    Aiji Tanaka, Airo Hino

    Sociological Theory and Methods   30 ( 2 ) 201 - 224  2015  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    In this paper, we illustrate how CAI surveys in political science have developed in the context of election studies, in particular, how CASI (Computer Assisted Self-administered Interviews) surveys have been applied to election studies in Japan. We then argue that various advantages exist for a survey mode of CASI, ranging from a quick data output, randomization and customization of questions and response choices, recording response time, implementation of survey experiments, mitigating social desirability bias, and to high representativeness. At the same time, we reckon two disadvantages of CASI, which are a lower response rate and a higher cost than other survey modes. To examine if a lower response rate really undermines a representativeness of data collected by CASI, we constructed a database of 79 post-election surveys conducted in Japan. Our analyses demonstrated that a lower response rate does not necessarily increase a turnout bias, i.e. a gap between an estimated turnout in surveys and the actual turnout at an election. Our analyses also con rmed that a lower response rate neither increases a vote percentage bias, i.e. a gap between estimated percentages of votes garnered by political parties and the of cial election results. Among the several survey modes, CASI appears to be closest to the actual electoral records. The concerns over a higher cost of CAI remain but its advantages seem to be not only theoretically assured but also empirically grounded.

    DOI CiNii

  • Looking at how respondents look at survey questions: Eye-tracking examination of response order effects in party support question and value batteries

    Airo Hino, Arata Yamazaki, Masahisa Endo

    Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies   30 ( 1 ) 31 - 43  2014.06  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Computer-assisted self-administered interviews: Advantages and limitations

    Airo Hino

    Yoron (Journal of Japanese Association of Public Opinion Research)   113   67 - 72  2014.03  [Invited]

  • Missing Links in Party-System Polarization: How Institutions and Voters Matter

    Luigi Curini, Airo Hino

    JOURNAL OF POLITICS   74 ( 2 ) 460 - 473  2012.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article aims to understand the determinants of party-system polarization by moving beyond the (almost exclusive) emphasis placed in the literature on the role of the electoral system and the number of parties. We propose a larger menu of explanatory variables that includes both institutional and voters-related factors. Regarding the institutional factors, we highlight the consequences of expectations of coalition formations as well as office-related elections (e.g., Presidential ones) on party-system convergence in legislative elections. For the voters-related factors, we address the importance of specific characteristics of the electorate following insights from the spatial theory of voting. To test our hypotheses, we use survey data covering 33 nations and 67 elections. While hypotheses derived from electoral systems and number of parties find little empirical support, the new variables that we consider involving institutions and voters matter significantly.

    DOI

    Scopus

    65
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Second-ordering the Upper House Election in Japan

    IMAI Ryosuke, HINO Airo

    Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies   27 ( 2 ) 5 - 19  2012  [Invited]

     View Summary

    The article applies the second-order election model developed in Europe to the bicameral contexts in Japan where elections are held in different electoral cycles. By analyzing both the Lower House and Upper House elections held in 2009 and 2010, the article finds that some if not all Japanese voters indeed differentiate the importance of the Lower House (i.e. first-order) election and the Upper House (i.e. second-order) election. The article further demonstrates that this 'importance of elections' variable is related to the ways in which voters' evaluation of government performance affects the voting behavior at both Lower House election in 2009 and Upper House election in 2010. Applying the second-order election model to Japan not only contributes to the further understanding of the behavior of Japanese voters but also develops the second-order election model in national contexts.

    DOI CiNii

  • The Mechanical and Psychological Effects of Electoral Systems: A Quasi-Experimental Study

    Andre Blais, Romain Lachat, Airo Hino, Pascal Doray-Demers

    COMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES   44 ( 12 ) 1599 - 1621  2011.12  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Having two votes for the same election or two simultaneous elections with different electoral systems provides a golden opportunity to ascertain the impact of the electoral system and to sort out the relative magnitude of mechanical and psychological effects on parties and voters. The authors propose a new methodology for estimating such effects and apply that methodology to 13 elections, 9 in Switzerland and 4 in Japan. The authors find mechanical effects to dominate in half of the elections examined, most particularly in the more recent Swiss elections. They discuss the implications of these findings.

    DOI

    Scopus

    36
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Censored and hurdle regression models in TSCS data: Electoral support for extreme right parties in 19 West European democracies

    Airo Hino

    選挙研究   26 ( 1 ) 88 - 101  2010.06  [Invited]

     View Summary

    The article examines why extreme right parties are successful in some elections while not in others by analyzing the elections held in 19 West European democracies from 1970 to 2000. To that end, the article discusses the methodological limitations that arise from applying the Tobit and the decomposed Tobit model (Cragg's model) to the Time-Series and Cross-Sectional (TSCS) data. The Tobit model in the presence of fixed effects is known to be biased and inconsistent due to the so-called 'incidental parameter problem'. The article first reviews the possible remedies for the incidental parameter problem, including the conditional frequentist, semi-parametric, and Bayesian approaches, proposed in the econometric literature. While discussing the alternative approaches to cope with the incidental parameter problem, the article pursues an approach to decompose the Tobit model and overviews the Cragg's model and its application to the TSCS data. To demonstrate the Tobit and Cragg's model in the TSCS analyses, the analysis of the vote share of extreme right parties in the extant literature is replicated. The re-analysis of the vote share suggests that the Cragg's model can further improve the Tobit model usually applied in the literature.

    DOI CiNii

  • The general election in 2009 and innovations in public opinion research

    Airo Hino

      105 ( 105 ) 51 - 56  2010.03  [Invited]

    DOI CiNii

  • Time-series QCA: Studying temporal change through Boolean analysis

    Airo Hino

    Sociological Theory and Methods   24 ( 2 ) 247 - 265  2009.12  [Refereed]  [Invited]

     View Summary

    &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Recent years have witnessed increasing interests in integrating temporality into Boolean analysis or Qualitative Comparative Analysis (hereafter QCA). Despite the rapid development of the Boolean method and the extensive application, QCA had been often criticized for its static nature and limitations in analyzing a dynamic process of temporal changes. This article joins the recent efforts in the literature and argues that temporal changes can be analyzed using the existing QCA methods. The article first reviews the existing work on temporal QCA (hereafter TQCA) in a broader context of analyzing temporality in the Boolean method. It then proposes different techniques to analyze dynamic processes of temporal changes through Boolean analysis by incorporating time-series variations into QCA (hereafter TS/QCA), which take sub-forms of Pooled QCA, Fixed Effects QCA, and Time Differencing QCA. Lastly, it maps various types of &ldquo;QCA families&ldquo; in a typological framework and discusses the challenges that TQCA and TS/QCA face and suggest future directions of methodological innovations.

    DOI CiNii

  • Interviewer training in survey research

    Swyngedouw, M, Hino, A

    早稲田政治経済学雑誌   370   109 - 120  2008.12

  • The electoral fate of new parties in government

    Jo Buelens, Airo Hino

    New Parties in Government: In Power for the First Time     157 - 174  2008.02  [Refereed]

    DOI

    Scopus

    21
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Voting behavior in the European Parliamentary Election: The Belgian case in 1994

    Airo Hino

    選挙研究   20   148 - 158  2005.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This article examines the patterns of voting behavior in the European Parliamentary Election through the European Election Study surveys. It has been widely argued that the voting behavior in the "Euro Elections" is merely a reflection of national politics. However, the analyses based on the Belgian case in this article revealed that voting orientations in the 1994 European Parliamentary Election were composed of voting orientations towards 'regionalist parties', 'anti-immigrant and anti-EU parties', and 'left parties'. Furthermore, it became clear that the voting orientation for regionalist parties had a 'pro-European' affinity, while the voting orientation for anti-immigrant parties is closely linked with an 'anti-European' message. These findings suggest that the voting behavior in the European Parliamentary Elections needs to be analyzed not only in the 'national' level, but also in the 'regional' and 'European' level.

    DOI CiNii

  • Revisiting the Lipset-Rokkan theory: A case of Belgium

    Airo Hino

    早稲田政治公法研究   74   467 - 493  2003.12

  • Rise of New Politics and value change: Analysis of Belgian party system

    Airo Hino

    The Leviathans (The Japanese Journal of Political Science)   31 ( 31 ) 121 - 147  2002.10  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Electoral participation in Japan: A comparison of two different levels of elections, 1999-2000

    Aiji Tanaka, Airo Hino

    Research Institute of Aoyama Gakuin University Research Series   6   23 - 32  2002.03  [Invited]

    CiNii

  • Re-examining the “Freezing Hypothesis” in Belgium: De-alignment or re-alignment?

    Airo Hino

    早稲田政治公法研究   66 ( 66 ) 251 - 279  2001.04

    CiNii

▼display all

Books and Other Publications

▼display all

Presentations

  • Time-differencing QCA: A Set-theoretical Development

    Niikawa, Sho, Hino, Airo  [Invited]

    Time-in-QCA (TiQ) International Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2022.10

  • Two Sides of the Same Coin: The Electoral Effects of Populist and Anti-Populist Attitudes

    Camatarri, S, Gallina, M, Hino, A

    American Political Science Association Annual Conference 

    Presentation date: 2022.09

  • The impact of Voting Advice Applications: Evidence from a randomized field experiment in Japan

    Hino, A, Gallina, M, Camatarri, S, Fahey, R.A, Serdult, U

    Japanese Society for Quantitative Political Science (JSQPS), 2022 Summer Meeting 

    Presentation date: 2022.07

  • Time-differencing Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA): A set theoretical development

    Niikawa, Sho, Hino, Airo

    International QCA Paper Development Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2021.12

  • Belief in Conspiracy Theories and Socio-Political Identity in Japan

    Fahey, R. A, Hino, A, Camatarri, S, Jungkunz, S

    American Political Science Association Annual Conference 

    Presentation date: 2020.09

  • European Parliamentary Elections: Its electoral systems in each member state and its consequences of electoral cycles

    Hino, A  [Invited]

    National Diet Library 

    Presentation date: 2020.01

  • Party competition in voters’ mind: Simulating the role of policy issues - The case of the Japanese Upper House election in 2019

    Camatarri, S, Gallina, M, Hino, A

    The 3rd Winter Meeting of Japanese Society of Quantitative Political Science 

    Presentation date: 2020.01

  • Populist dynamics: Interplay between parties’ rhetoric & voters’ attitudes in shaping electoral results

    Camatarri, S, Hino, A

    3rd Waseda Brussels Conference 

    Presentation date: 2019.12

  • Populist voters & political trust in Europe & Japan

    Hino, A, Fahey, R, Jungkunz, S

    3rd Waseda Brussels Conference 

    Presentation date: 2019.12

  • Electoral Systems of European Parliamentary Elections

    Hino, A  [Invited]

    Ministry of Internal Affairs and Telecommunication 

    Presentation date: 2019.11

  • Measuring party system polarisation through quantitative text analysis: An attempt to archive party manifestos and estimate party positions through Wordfish, 1996-2017

    Hino, A. Chiba, R, Kikkoji, T

    Japanese Political Science Association Annual Conference 

    Presentation date: 2019.10

  • District magnitude and manifesto coordination: Analyses of Japanese local elections

    Hino, A, Blais, A

    Conference on Multifaceted Values in Multilevel Contexts, Waseda University 

    Presentation date: 2019.09

  • Decline of Pillarisation in Europe, resilience in Japan? The case of value-based parties: Komeito and Christian democracy

    Endo, M, Foret, F, Hino, A

    Conference on Multifaceted Values in Multilevel Contexts, Waseda University 

    Presentation date: 2019.09

  • A rise of authoritarian values in Japan and Europe?

    Gonthier, F. Jou, Hino, A

    Conference on Multifaceted Values in Multilevel Contexts, Waseda University 

    Presentation date: 2019.09

  • Demand meets supply: How policy offers condition voting for challenger parties

    Hino, A, Camatarri, S

    American Political Science Association Annual Conference 

    Presentation date: 2019.08

  • Populist attitudes and party preferences in Japan

    Fahey, R. Jungkunz, S, Hino, A

    North-eastern Workshop on Japanese Politics, Dartmouth 

    Presentation date: 2019.08

  • The results of EU elections and their consequences on the EU reforms

    Hino, A  [Invited]

    The 21st Century Public Policy Institute 

    Presentation date: 2019.07

  • A new way of measuring reasoning quality in citizens' deliberation: Applications to deliberative experiments in Japan

    Hino, A  [Invited]

    “Experiments in reasoning and deliberation”, Amsterdam School of Communication Research 

    Presentation date: 2019.05

  • Putting the systemic turn into a systematic test: Evidence from deliberative and mini-publics experiments on the issue of foreign labour in Japan

    Hino, A, Endo, M, Yamazaki, A, Chiba, R

    Waseda-Essex Scientific PoliSci/IR Collaboration and Exchange 

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • A rise of authoritarian values in Japan?

    Jou, W, Hino, A

    FNRS-JSPS Joint-Conference “Values in European and Japanese politics”, Université Libre de Bruxelles 

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • An Unnoticed Pillar? Religion and Party Politics in Japan

    Endo, M, Hino, A

    FNRS-JSPS Joint-Conference “Values in European and Japanese politics”, Université Libre de Bruxelles 

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • District magnitude and manifesto coordination: Analyses of Japanese local elections

    Hino, A, Blais, A

    FNRS-JSPS Joint-Conference “Values in European and Japanese politics”, Université Libre de Bruxelles 

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • Values - An object of reconciliation or conflict in Japan and Europe?

    Foret, F, Hino, A

    EU-Japan Forum 

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • Citizens' Deliberation and Reasoning Quality: Evidence from Deliberative Experiments in Japan

    Airo Hino, Ryosuke Imai  [Invited]

    Democratic Innovations & Legitimacy Research Group, KULeuven 

    Presentation date: 2019.03

  • Large-scale “mini-publics” experiments: On the topic of foreign labour in Japan

    Airo Hino  [Invited]

    4th Japan Mini-Publics Forum, Tokyo Institute of Technology 

    Presentation date: 2018.12

  • Lost in Translation?: Testing the Validity of Ideological Scales in Japan

    Hino, A, Endo, M

    Waseda-Irvine Conference on Political Economy 

    Presentation date: 2018.10

  • Voting Behaviour at the European Parliamentary Election: Conditional Effects of the Relative Importance of National and EU Elections

    Imai, R, Hino, A

    Japanese Political Science Association 

    Presentation date: 2018.10

  • Beyond Ideology: Measuring the Intensity of the Government-Opposition Divide from Legislative Speeches: An application to Japanese Parliamentary Debates, 1953-2013

    Curini, L, Hino, A, Osaki, A

    Waseda-Essex Scientific PoliSci/IR Collaboration and Exchange 

    Presentation date: 2018.09

  • Lost in Translation?: Testing the Validity of Ideological Scales in Japan

    Hino, A, Endo, M

    American Political Science Association, Boston 

    Presentation date: 2018.08

  • Putting the systemic turn into a systematic test: Evidence from the interactive experiments of the public sphere and mini-publics in Japan

    Hino, A, Endo, M, Yamazaki, A, Chiba, R

    European Consortium for Political Research, General Conference, Hamburg 

    Presentation date: 2018.08

  • District magnitude and manifesto coordination: Analyses of Japanese local elections

    Hino, A, Blais, A

    International Political Science Association, Brisbane 

    Presentation date: 2018.07

  • Representing the Twittersphere: Archiving a Representative Sample of Twitter Data under Resource Constraints

    Hino, A, Fahey, R

    Waseda Workshop on Quantitative Text Analysis 

    Presentation date: 2018.06

  • Scoring from the Angles: Electoral Bases of New Challenger Parties in the 2014 European Parliamentary Election

    Hino, A, Camatarri, S

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies 

    Presentation date: 2018.05

  • Making sense of nationalism in Asia: A comparative analyses of Asian Barometer surveys

    Jou, W, Hino, A

    EU-Japan Forum 

    Presentation date: 2018.03

  • Effects of District Magnitude on Manifesto Coordination: Evidence from candidate manifestos compared across prefectural and municipality levels in Japan

    Hino, A, Blais, A

    Waseda-ULB workshop on Manifesto Coordination in Multilevel Setting 

    Presentation date: 2018.03

  • Party System Institutionalisation in Japan and East Asia

    Airo Hino  [Invited]

    University of Nottingham 

    Presentation date: 2018.02

  • A new index to measure the quality of deliberation: Through a comparison between the Reasoning Quality Index (RQI) and Argument Repertoire (AR)

    Ryosuke Imai, Ryo Chiba, Airo Hino

    8th Annual Conference of Japanese Association of Political Economy 

    Presentation date: 2017.03

  • To fight or not to fight for issue ownership: Analyses of New Politics Parties and Extreme Right Parties across 15 West European democracies

    Airo Hino

    General Conference, European Consortium for Political Research, Prague 

    Presentation date: 2016.09

  • Warping the trend: the use and reuse of social media data in social science

    Airo Hino

    Annual Conference, Italian Political Science Association, University of Milan 

    Presentation date: 2016.09

  • 安保法制をめぐるTwitterと メディアの共鳴関係-時系列分析による議題設定仮説の検証

    日野 愛郎, クリーニ ルイジ, 中西 健輔, 角間 実, 小橋 洋平, 明石 裕太郎

    Japanese Association of Political Economy 

    Presentation date: 2016.03

  • Modality Theory and Syntactic-based Exploratory Analysis to Measure Political Polarization on Twitter

    Kobashi, Y, K. Kakuma, Nakanishi, M, Hino, A

    Southern Political Science Association, San Juan 

    Presentation date: 2016.01

  • Sorting out Chicken and Egg: Causal Mechanisms of the Media and Public Sentiment

    Hino, A. Curini, L. Nakanishi, K. Kakuma, M. Kobashi, Y, Akashi, Y

    Southern Political Science Association, San Juan 

    Presentation date: 2016.01

  • Measuring the quality of deliberation within: A proposal of Reasoning Quality Index

    Hino, A, Imai, R, Chiba, R

    General Conference, European Consortium for Political Research, Université de Montreal 

    Presentation date: 2015.09

  • 世論調査における回答者の「熟慮」−その度合に関する指標化の試み

    日本選挙学会 

    Presentation date: 2015.05

  • Twitterデータの集積と分析−景況感指標と株価の時系列分析

    政治経済学会 

    Presentation date: 2015.03

  • 政党システムの変容と政策対立軸の変化

    日本政治学会 

    Presentation date: 2014.10

  • Dying with dynastic politicians: Who is voting for hereditary candidates in Japan?

    Airo Hino

    International Political Science Association, World Congress, Montreal 

    Presentation date: 2014.07

  • Looking at how respondents look at survey questions: Eye-tracking examination of response order effects in party support questions and value batteries

    Airo Hino, Arata Yamazaki, Masahisa Endo

    1st Asian Political Methodology Conference 

    Presentation date: 2014.01

  • Measuring Party Competition from Legislative Speeches: Analyses of Japanese Parliamentary Debates, 1953-2011

    Airo Hino, Luigi, Curini, Atsushi Osaki

    General Conference of European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR), Bordeaux  (Bordeaux, France) 

    Presentation date: 2013.09

  • Electoral cycles in bicameral contexts in Japan

    Hino, A, Imai, R

    International Political Science Association (IPSA) World Congress, Madrid 

    Presentation date: 2013.07

  • Party System Dynamics in Japan: Measuring the underlying changes and status-quos

    Airo Hino

    European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Joint Sessions of Workshops, Mainz  (Mainz, Germany) 

    Presentation date: 2013.03

  • Tracking Order Effects in Survey Responses: Evidence from Eye Movements

    Economic Science Association 

    Presentation date: 2013.02

  • The Spiral of Silence Revisited: Examining through a CASI (Computer Assisted Self-administered Interview) experimental survey

    Imai, R, Hino, A, Endo M, Hosogai, R, Mimura, N, Yamazaki, A, Arai, K, Iida, T

    International Political Science Association (IPSA) World Congress, Madrid 

    Presentation date: 2012.07

  • The second-order election model in the national context: The electoral cycle and government popularity in Japan

    Hino, A, Imai, R

    General Conference of European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR), Reykjavik 

    Presentation date: 2011.08

  • 「二次的選挙」としての参院選

    日本選挙学会 

    Presentation date: 2011.05

  • コンピュータを用いた世論調査について

    統計関連学会連合大会 

    Presentation date: 2010.09

  • QCAの時系列分析

    数理社会学会 

    Presentation date: 2009.09

  • マルチレベル選挙における投票行動 −ベルギーにおける「二次的選挙」モデルの再検証−

    日本比較政治学会 

    Presentation date: 2009.06

  • Ranking vs. Rating: Re-examining the Inglehart scalet through an experimental survey

    American Political Science Association 

    Presentation date: 2008.08

  • Interaction effects meet QCA:Towards a future discussion

    Expert Roundtable: “The Study of Strategies of Social Change using the Method of QCA”, University of Manchester 

    Presentation date: 2008.06

  • Who said QCA is static?

    Expert Roundtable: “The Study of Strategies of Social Change using the Method of QCA”, University of Manchester 

    Presentation date: 2008.06

  • Public party funding and new parties’ success: A comparative analysis of 15 Western European democracies

    Airo Hino

    Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Chicago 

    Presentation date: 2007.08

  • Blending extreme-right ideologies: Testing the ‘winning formula hypothesis’ in Western Europe

    Airo Hino

    Annual Meeting of American Political Science Association, Chicago 

    Presentation date: 2007.08

  • Government participation of new parties and its consequence: A comparative analysis of 11 West European democracies

    Hino, A, Buelens, J

    Annual Meeting of Japanese Electoral Studies Association, University of Kobe 

    Presentation date: 2007.05

  • Examining institutional effects on new parties’ success: A comparative analysis of 15 West European democracies

    Airo Hino

    20th World Congress of International Political Science Association 

    Presentation date: 2006.07

  • Bridging the QCA and Time-Series-Cross-Sectional (TSCS) analyses

    Airo Hino

    International Conference of Comparative Social Sciences, Sophia University, Tokyo 

    Presentation date: 2006.07

  • Censored panel?: Application of Tobit and Cragg’s model in Time-Series and Cross-Sectional analysis

    Airo Hino

    the 3rd ECPR General Conference, Budapest 

    Presentation date: 2005.09

  • Comparing electoral and party funding systems in West European legislatures

    Airo Hino

    2005 ECPR joint-Sessions of Workshops, University of Granada 

    Presentation date: 2005.04

  • The end of cleavage politics?: The case of Belgium

    Airo Hino

    the 100th American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Chicago 

    Presentation date: 2004.08

  • Electoral fate of new parties: Effects of government participation in comparative perspective

    ECPR Joint-Sessions of Workshops, Uppsala University

    Presentation date: 2004.04

  • Recipes for success?: Comparative analysis of green party manifestos

    the, General Conference of European Consortium for Political Research, Philipps-University, Marburg

    Presentation date: 2003.09

▼display all

Research Projects

  • The erosion of democracy: How to prevent it

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2023.04
    -
    2028.03
     

  • Fostering Co-creation of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) in Political Science: Time-orientation, Conditionality, and Good Practices

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2023.06
    -
    2027.03
     

  • The Paradox of Mainstreamed Populists: Enriching the Elite Concept and Renewed Measurements of Populism

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2022.04
    -
    2026.03
     

  • International Comparative Study of Political Culture in a Rapidly Changing Information Environment: Information share and political participation in the after-corona era

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2022.04
    -
    2025.03
     

  • The Japanese Database of Populism Studies: New Insights and Contributions

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2020.10
    -
    2025.03
     

  • A study on political polarization

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2020.04
    -
    2024.03
     

  • Economic and psychological effects of network diversification

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2023.03
     

  • Divided Democracies and Roles of Electoral System

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2017.04
    -
    2022.03
     

    YAMADA Masahiro

     View Summary

    We designed and carried out national survey via face-to-face mode after the general election in 2017. The Japanese version of the dataset is released at the SSJ Data Archive at University of Tokyo, and the English version is on cses.org as a part of cross-national dataset.
    Our key finding are below; 1) growing income inequality may challenge the legitimacy of democratic elections; 2) the existing scales of populist attitudes effectively explain voting for populists in countries where populist leaders and parties are in opposition but fail to explain voting for populist parties in countries where they are in power: 3) individual authoritarian dispositions still contributes to the vote choice for the Liberal Democratic Party.

  • Innovative approach for the Asian Barometer Wave 5 survey containing comparative experiments on political culture

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03
     

    Ikeda Kenichi

     View Summary

    In pursuit of the goal of uncovering what values, cultures, and institutional contexts Japanese and other Asian citizens operate in and how they think and behave consistently with those values, cultures, and contexts, we conducted the fifth wave of the Asian Barometer Survey in Japan in 2019 for the purpose of international comparison. We obtained 5 waves of time-series international comparative data in East and South East Asia for the first 20 years of the 21st century (total 50 national surveys). In working with ABS international team, the results of the study show a strong commitment to democracy as well as a decline in political involvement among the Japanese, and the relevance of this to the changing values of "Asian" vertical social relations are to be examined in detail.

  • Building a Twitter Database to Answer Political Science Research Questions

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • Policy formation and pursued values in multilevel polities

    FNRS(ベルギー)  Bilateral Joint Research Project (JSPS-FNRS)

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2020.03
     

  • Establishing time-series databases of party manifestos and estimating party positions(Fostering Joint International Research)

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2016
    -
    2019
     

    Hino Airo

     View Summary

    The aim of this project is to collect party manifestos in Japan longitudinally and to estimate party positions based on their texts using relevant scaling methods. To this end, party manifestos in digital form and its texts are archived for future public use. Party positions estimated based on text data are largely similar to those available from existing data such as the Comparative Manifestos Project and expert surveys but also yield a slightly different picture that needs to be further studied.

  • Institution Building and Policymaking that Reflect Needs of Citizens: An Approach of Political Economy

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2013.05
    -
    2018.03
     

    Tanaka Aiji, Kikkawa Toru, Konishi Hideki, Funaki Yukihiko, Imai Ryosuke, Shinada Yutaka, Jou Willy

     View Summary

    We empirically compared Computer-Assisted Self-administered Interview (CASI) based on deliberation within himself/herself with Mini-Publics (MP) based on deliberation with other people, CASI is preferable because it guarantees representativeness of sample better and costs less. However, this research project also found that deliberation within himself/herself was not as effective as deliberation with other people in some aspects of attitudes. For example, when a respondent wrongly believed incorrect information to be true, only deliberation with other people can correct his/her wrong concept. Therefore, we now know that each of CASI and MP has its own merit, and it would be premature to conclude that one method is better than the other.

  • Party Manifestos Database and Policy Position Estimates in Japan

    Japanese Society for Promotion of Science  Fund for the Promotion of Joint International Research (Fostering Joint International Research)

    Project Year :

    2015
    -
    2018.03
     

  • Establishing time-series databases of party manifestos and estimating party positions

    Project Year :

    2013.04
    -
    2017.03
     

     View Summary

    This study aims to establish a historical database of party manifestos in Japan and to estimate their policy positions by applying various coding techniques. Party manifestos are valuable resources for the studies of political parties and in particular for empirically observing their policy positions. Yet, there have been only limited attempts to archive them in a systematic manner and to analyse them by applying various computer-assisted coding techniques developed in the recent years. This study attempts to fill this lacuna by collecting the past manifestos where possible and discussing how various coding techniques can help us understand the policy positions of political parties in Japan

  • Two-party System and Political Spectrum in Japan: Transformation of Voter-Party Relationship

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2012.04
    -
    2015.03
     

    REED Steven R., HINO Airo, ARAI Kiichiro

     View Summary

    The main purposes of this research project are 1) to reveal the policy preference of Japanese voters and candidates, and 2) to create a new political spectrum among voters. To achieve our goals, we conducted focus group interviews, web-based surveys, and web-based experiments in 2012 general election and 2013 House of Councilors election. The analysis provides the following results. Firstly, Today’s Japanese voters are classified into 5 groups. Voters who belong the largest group (about 27% of Japanese voters) prefer the restart of nuclear power stations, Japan’s participation in TPP, and expanding public works. Secondly, Ideologies such as “Liberals-Conservatives” or “Big government-Small government” have relatively few effect on the classification of voters

  • Voting Behaviour and Party Strategies in Multi-level Elections : A Comparative Analysis of European, National, and Regional Levels

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2008
    -
    2010
     

    HINO Airo

     View Summary

    This project studied the voting behaviour of electorates and strategic behaviour of political parties in multi-level settings in the European, national, and regional levels. In theoretical terms, the project based its analytical framework on second-order election model and Political Opportunity Structure (POS). In empirical terms, the project analysed the existing data from European Election Study as well as some survey data conducted for an election at regional level

  • International Collaborations

    Project Year :

    2008
    -
    2009
     

  • Political Change and Decision Making Mechanism of the Japanese : Integration of Psychological Economic Experiment and Public Opinion Survey

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research

    Project Year :

    2006
    -
    2008
     

    TANAKA Aiji, KOHNO Masaru, SHIMIZU Kazumi, YAMADA Masahiro, WATABE Motoki, KUME Ikuo, NISHIZAWA Yoshitaka, HASEGAWA Mariko, FUNAKI Yukihiko, SHINADA Yutaka, KURIYAMA Kohichi, FUKUMOTO Kentaro, IMAI Ryosuke, HINO Airo, IIDA Takeshi

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Misc

  • Japan’s constitutional divide

    Airo Hino

    Inroads - The Canadian Journal of Opinion   43 ( 43 ) 71 - 78  2018.05  [Invited]

  • New challenger parties in Western Europe: A comparative analysis

    Airo Hino

    New Challenger Parties in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis     1 - 285  2012

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    This book provides a systematic and comparative account of the rise of 'new challenger parties' across Western Europe. It analyses how parties that challenge the conventional party system by addressing issues neglected by existing parties can succeed and fail. Systematically comparing 229 elections since 1950 across 15 European democracies, including the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, the Benelux and Scandinavian countries, this book questions why new challenger parties are more successful in some countries than others, and analyses the conditions that determine their emergence and subsequent success or failure. As one of the first systematic and comparative examinations of new challenger parties, this book looks at both new politics parties and extreme-right parties, and the structures to aid their emergence at the time of an election. Identifying two distinctive stages of party development, the author adopts a 'double-hurdle' model involving, first, the chances of emergence, and second, sustained success. This framework, in combination with a wide-range of empirical data, provides for an innovative and insightful analysis of a neglected topic. New Challenger Parties in Western Europe will be of interest to students and scholars of government, comparative politics and political parties. © 2012 Airo Hino. All rights reserved.

    DOI

Other

  • Refereed j...

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    Refereed journals:
    American Journal of Political Science (x2), Comparative Political Studies, British Journal of Political Science, Public Opinion Quarterly, European Journal of Political Research (x2), Political Science Research and Methods (x3), International Political Science Review (x3), Party Politics (x3), Electoral Studies, West European Politics, International Journal of Public Opinion Research (x3), Government and Opposition, Environmental Politics, Field Methods, Asian Journal of Public Opinion Research, Statistica Applicata – Italian Journal of Applied Statistics, COMPASSS Working Paper Series, Japanese Journal of Political Science, Social Science Japan Journal, The Annuals of Japanese Association of Political Science (x5), Japanese Political Science Review, Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies (x7), Japanese Journal of Comparative Politics (x3), International Journal of Japanese Sociology, Japanese Journal of Behaviormetrics, AGLOS Journal of Area-Based Global Studies, Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics (x2), EU in Japan Working Paper Series, EU Studies, WOJUSS Working Paper Series

 

Syllabus

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Sub-affiliation

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

  • Faculty of Political Science and Economics   Graduate School of Political Science

Research Institute

  • 2023
    -
    2024

    Center for Data Science   Concurrent Researcher

Internal Special Research Projects

  • 新興政党の台頭と有権者のポピュリスト的態度

    2022   Robert Fahey

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     本研究は、新興政党の台頭と有権者のポピュリスト的態度との関連を明らかにすることを目的とする。これまでの研究は、権力を持つ腐敗した政治家に対抗する反体制的(anti-establishment)な民衆に視点を置いたものが多かったが、ポピュリスト勢力が権力を掌握した際に新たに標的とされる官僚、ジャーナリスト、学者、大企業の経営者等の多様な「エリート」には十分に光が当てられてこなかった。本研究は、政治家をエリートと同義として構築されてきた民衆のポピュリスト的態度を測定する指標に、非政治的エリート(non-political elite)の項目を追加して新尺度を考案する等、国際的な学術的貢献をなすことを目指す。コロナ禍の影響もあり、2022年度に調査会社が所有する該当する国々のサンプルを対象に、ウェブ調査を行う予定である。

  • 視線測定機を用いた政治経済学実験

    2014   船木由喜彦, 遠藤晶久, 山崎新, 宇都伸之

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     本研究ではアイトラッカー(視線測定機)を用いて、人々の情報収集活動のデータを集め、政治経済学的な仮説を検証することを目的としていた。政治学、経済学の研究者、ならびに大学院生が定期的に研究会を重ね、各自の実験デザインを吟味し、今年度は2014年7月と2015年1月の2つの期間にアイトラッカーを用いた実験を行った。経済学に関する実験研究の成果は、国内における複数の学会で報告されている。政治学研究におけるアイトラッカーの利用は緒に就いたばかりであるが、成果の一部が査読誌に掲載された。