SEGAWA, Shiro

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Political Science and Economics, School of Political Science and Economics

Job title

Professor

Homepage URL

https://www.waseda.jp/fpse/faculty-en/2019/08/15/764/

Concurrent Post 【 display / non-display

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

  • Faculty of Science and Engineering   Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering

  • Faculty of International Research and Education   Graduate School of Asia Pacific Studies

  • Faculty of Political Science and Economics   Graduate School of Public Management

Research Institute 【 display / non-display

  • 2019
    -
    2023

    次世代ジャーナリズム・メディア研究所   プロジェクト研究所所長

Education 【 display / non-display

  •  
    -
    1978

    University of Tokyo   Graduate School, Division of Engineering  

  •  
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    1977

    University of Tokyo   Faculty of Liberal Arts  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • 東京大学   教養学士

Professional Memberships 【 display / non-display

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    Japanese Society for Science and Technology Studies

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    Japan Society for Journalism and Mass Communications

 

Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Library and information science, humanistic and social informatics

  • Sociology of science, history of science and technology

  • Sociology

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • Journalism studies, Fact checking, Information Literacy, STS, Environment and Media

Papers 【 display / non-display

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Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • Is the news "truth"?

    Shiro SEGAWA( Part: Edit)

    2019.12 ISBN: 9784657190253

  • Journalism is the rough draft of history.

    Shiro SEGAWA( Part: Edit)

    2018.12 ISBN: 9784792333829

  • Transformation of science and technology policies in the Post-Cold War era : science and technology research project 2016

    National Diet Library( Part: Contributor, 'The US Department of Energy and the Human Genome Project')

    National Diet Library (Japan)  2017.03 ISBN: 9784875827962

  • The Truth of Science Reporting : Journalism and the Mass Media Community

    Shiro SEGAWA( Part: Sole author)

    Chikuma-Shobo  2017.01 ISBN: 9784480069276

  • Aspects in life sciences : science and technology research project 2015

    ( Part: Contributor, 'Overview of the Discussions on State-of-the-art Medical Technology and Bioethics Based on the Analysis of Newspaper Editorials')

    National Diet Library (Japan)  2016.03 ISBN: 9784875827856

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Misc 【 display / non-display

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Works 【 display / non-display

  • FUKUSHIMA STUDY

    Shiro SEGAWA, Osamu NAKAMURA, Kou YAMADA, Atsushi OKETA  Database science 

    2016.03
    -
    Now

     View Summary

    Our research group will focus on the early stages of the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. In particular, we will prepare transcripts of the press conferences of the Japanese government and TEPCO, which were important sources of information for the public at the time of the accident, and publish the texts on the web for wide use as records with public value.

Awards 【 display / non-display

  • Science Journalsit Award 2017

    2017.05   Japanese Association of Science & Technology Journalists   For his book, "The Truth of Science Reporting: Journalism and the Mass Media Community" (Chikuma Shobo)

    Winner: Shiro SEGAWA

Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • Study on construction of factchecking system as effective countermeasure against dis- & mis-information

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Project Year :

    2019.04
    -
    2023.03
     

    Shiro SEGAWA, Kentaro INUI, Naoya SEKIYA, Emi MAKINO

    Authorship: Principal investigator

  • A Comparative Study of Press Conference of Japanese Government and News coverage on the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster in Its Early Stage

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2018.03
     

    SEGAWA SHIRO, YAMADA Kou, OKETA Atsushi, CHIBA Ryo, U Kaishun

    Authorship: Principal investigator

     View Summary

    We tried to analyze the relationship between the three elements, “actual situation of accident,” “press conferences of Japanese government (including TEPCO),” and “coverage of major newspapers” on the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident (March 2011) in its early stage. When analyzed in quantitative and qualitative way narrowing to “meltdown”, there was a tendency that press conference officers underestimated the actual situation of meltdown and news reporting quoted comments of press conference officers as their major news source. Analyzing news coverage of major newspapers in China as a foreign coverage, it was found that news articles of China quoted Japanese news media as their major news source.
    As important data for our research, we created transcript of Japanese press conferences and constructed a site “FUKUSHIMA STUDY”. Utilizing this transcript, we conducted further research on press conference and news coverage in more detail.

  • Establishment of the "Science Media Centre of Japan" as an Information Hub for Science and Technology

    Research and Development Project

    Project Year :

    2009.10
    -
    2013.03
     

    Shiro SEGAWA, Mikihito TANAKA, MIho NAMBA, Motoko KAKUBAYASHI

    Authorship: Principal investigator

  • Mass Media Literacy of Researchers

    Project Year :

    2008.10
    -
    2009.03
     

    Shiro SEGAWA, Mikihito TANAKA

    Authorship: Principal investigator

Presentations 【 display / non-display

  • Global Warming Reporting and Skepticism

    Shiro SEGAWA  [Invited]

    Society for the Study of Intelligence 

    Presentation date: 2019.12

  • Fact-checking as a Countermeasure against Mis- & Disinformation, and its Introduction into Journalism Education in Japan

    Shiro SEGAWA  [Invited]

    “Journalism and Communication Education in the Context of Media Convergence” 3rd International Forum for Yuelu Media and Culture Industry Development 

    Presentation date: 2019.11

  • Methodology, Specialized Journalism, Data and Investigative Journalism

    Shiro SEGAWA  [Invited]

    Paradigm Exploration and Innovation: Journalism and Communication Talents Cultivation in a Changing Era 

    Presentation date: 2018.10

  • How to Read and Understand Science News

    Shiro SEGAWA  [Invited]

    A lecture event for Super Science High School at Komaba High School, University of Tsukuba 

    Presentation date: 2017.12

  • Current Status and Issues of Fact Checking in Japan

    Shiro SEGAWA  [Invited]

    Presentation date: 2017.11

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Specific Research 【 display / non-display

  • 実効性ある偽情報・誤情報対応策としてのファクトチェック・システムの構築

    2020  

     View Summary

    In order to explore the requirements for an effective fact-checking system, we attempted to analyze the effectiveness and limitations of fact-checking articles during the September 2018 Okinawa gubernatorial election. The first basic analysis on fact-checking of the Okinawa gubernatorial election was conducted by Okamoto (2021), and Segawa built on Okamoto's research and analyzed data from 500,000 tweets (September 1-October 15, 2018), including retweets. Specifically, we compared the amount of tweets that affirmed or denied the target discourse (questionable discourse) to be fact-checked before and after the publication of the fact-checked article. We also focused on the accounts that tweeted and retweeted positively or negatively about the target discourse, and coded the political leanings of the accounts based on the descriptions in their profiles. We analyze whether or not there is a relationship between the political tendencies of the accounts and the affirmation or negation of the target discourse.Taro Okamoto (2021), "Exploring the Effectiveness of Fact-Checking: Focusing on the 2018 Okinawa Gubernatorial Election," March 6, 2021, Fact-Checking Research Group, Institute for Next Generation Journalism and Media, Waseda UniversityThis research was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP19H04425.This research was supported by a grant from the Sakuradakai Foundation for Political Research.

  • ファクトチェック・システムの有効性と課題

    2019  

     View Summary

    In order to establish an effectivefact-checking system in Japan, this year we conducted a survey and research on thecurrent situation of fact-checking system in Asia, especially in neighboring countries such as Koreaand Taiwan. In Korea, university (SNU), news organizations, and platformer(NAVER) are working together to build a fact-checking system. In Taiwan, afact-checking system has been established by fact-checking organizations,citizens, and platformer (LINE Taiwan). South Korea is characterized byfact-checking done by journalists, while Taiwan is characterized byfact-checking that involves citizen participation. Citizen participation isalso important in fact-checking in Indonesia and the Philippines. Fact-checkingin these countries mainly covers Dis- & Mis-information in the politicalfield as well as Dis- & Mis-information on SNS that are widely used in eachcountry.(For this study, Yajung Chih participated in a fact-checking conference held in Taiwan in October 2019. Descriptions for Taiwan and other countries (excluding Korea) are based on Chih's report.)

  • マスメディアのニュース生産過程における誤報発生の要因と誤報対策の研究

    2018  

     View Summary

    課題を「沖縄をめぐる偽情報・誤情報の実情と、その対応策としてのファクトチェックの取り組み」に変更して研究に取り組んだ。沖縄をめぐる偽情報と誤情報の実情を把握するため、沖縄の地元紙である琉球新報と沖縄タイムス両社の編集局長にインタビューを実施した(2018年9月実施)。その結果、以下の説明するような特徴が明らかになった。①2000年代半ばから、米軍普天間飛行場や米海兵隊について「事実と異なる言説」が登場していた。その頃は単なる誤解や知識不足から来る誤情報と考えられた。②2016年頃から「事実と異なる言説」に悪意が感じられるようになった。誤解というよりも意図的な中傷(デマやフェイク)が感じられるようになった。誤情報から偽情報へと情報の質が変化した。③沖縄に関する偽情報・誤情報を信じやすいのは沖縄以外に人と、沖縄の若者である。沖縄の若者は、新聞をあまり読まず、ネットで情報を得るため、ネットで拡散しやすい偽情報・誤情報に接しやすく、信じやすいと考えられる。

  • マスメディアのニュース生産過程における誤報発生の要因と誤報対策の研究

    2018  

     View Summary

    課題を「沖縄をめぐる偽情報・誤情報の実情と、その対応策としてのファクトチェックの取り組み」に変更して研究に取り組んだ。本研究では、2018年9月に実施された沖縄県知事選挙で取り組まれた、NPO法人 ファクトチェック・イニシアティブ(FIJ)(注1)のプロジェクトによるファクトチェックの状況を整理・分析した。FIJの沖縄県知事選プロジェクトには、バズフィードジャパンなど5つのネットメディアと地元新聞の琉球新報の計6メディアが参加して実施した。計25件のファクトチェックが掲載され、FIJのファクトチェック基準を満たしていたケースは21件だった(注2)。計25件のファクトチェックの対象言説を玉城候補サイドあるいは佐喜真候補サイドのいずれかに分類したところ、玉城サイド13件、佐喜真サイド12件だった。判定は正確6件、ほぼ正確5件、不正確1件、ミスリード2件、根拠不明1件、誤り・偽情報9件、不明1件だった。疑義言説は玉城候補を対象としたものが多いといわれたが、ファクトチェックの対象としてはほぼ半々となった。対象言説の選ばれ方やは、ファクトチェックの有効性については今後、さらに質的・量的な分析をしていく必要がある。(注1)筆者はFIJの理事長を務めている。(注2)一人の疑義言説の中で2つのファクトチェックが行われている場合は2件とした。

  • 福島第一原発事故における日本政府記者会見と各国の新聞報道の比較研究

    2016   中村理, 山田耕

     View Summary

     福島第一原発事故における日本政府記者会見と各国新聞報道の比較研究の一つとして、対象とする新聞を日本の全国紙4紙(朝日新聞、日本経済新聞、毎日新聞、読売新聞)とし、また、対象とする事象を「炉心溶融」に限定して、4つの分析方法(見出し分析、情報源分析、言説分析、数量分析)で研究を実施した。 その結果、炉心溶融に関する新聞の初期報道は政府・東京電力の記者会見の内容にほぼ沿った「発表報道」になっていた。ただし、朝日新聞、毎日新聞の2紙と読売新聞、日経新聞の2紙とは語り方に差異がみられた。朝日・毎日は、炉心溶融が一部はおきているという前提の見出しや記事が目立つのにたいし、読売・日経は、おきているのは燃料棒の損傷であり、炉心溶融はおきていないという前提の見出し・記事が目立った。

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Syllabus 【 display / non-display

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Committee Memberships 【 display / non-display

  • 2019.04
    -
    Now

    Journalism Practitioners' Forum  Chairman

  • 2018.01
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    Now

    FactCheck Initiative Japan  Chairman

  • 2015.04
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    Now

    石橋湛山記念早稲田ジャーナリズム大賞  選考委員

  • 2017.06
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    2019.05

    Japan Society for Journalism and Mass Communications  Editorial committee member

  • 2015.04
    -
    2017.03

    国立国会図書館  客員調査員

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