Updated on 2022/05/25

写真a

 
FURUYA, Shuichi
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Law, Waseda Law School
Job title
Professor

Concurrent Post

  • Faculty of Law   School of Law

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

  • Faculty of Law   Graduate School of Law

  • Faculty of Commerce   School of Commerce

Education

  •  
    -
    1987

    Waseda University   Graduate School, Division of Law   International law  

  •  
    -
    1987

    Waseda University   Graduate School, Division of Law   International law  

  •  
    -
    1981

    Chuo University   Faculty of Laws  

Degree

  • Waseda University   master of Law

Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    European Society of International Law

  •  
     
     

    Asian Society of International Law

  •  
     
     

    American Society of International Low

  •  
     
     

    International Law Association

  •  
     
     

    国際人権法学会

  •  
     
     

    世界法学会

  •  
     
     

    Japanese Society of International law

▼display all

 

Research Areas

  • International law

Research Interests

  • International law

Papers

  • 国際刑事裁判所における『同一人物・同一行為』基準の適用―補完性に関する法と政策の狭間

    古谷修一

    浅田正彦他編『現代国際法の潮流II』     199 - 217  2020.11  [Invited]

  • Reparation Mechanisms for Victims of Armed Conflict: Common and Basic Principles

    Shuichi Furuya

    NINA H.B. JORGENSEN ED., THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY OF WAR’S FUNDERS AND PROFITEERS (Cambridge University Press)     481 - 505  2020.08  [Invited]

  • 武力紛争被害者に関する賠償メカニズムの動的展開-共通する基本原則の生成と進展

    古谷修一

    『法学雑誌』   65 ( 3・4 ) 231 - 267  2019.12

  • 国際刑事裁判所における被害者賠償の展開―個別的損失補填から行政目的の集団的賠償へ―

    古谷修一

    平覚・梅田徹・濱田太郎編『国際法のフロンティア 宮崎繁樹先生追悼論文集』(日本評論社)所収     337 - 361  2019.07

  • 国際刑事裁判の発展と直面する課題-四半世紀の挑戦に対する評価-

    古谷修一

    『国際問題』   ( No. 680 ) 40 - 49  2019.04  [Invited]

  • 国際刑事裁判 四半世紀の歩み

    古谷修一

    『外交』   ( 49号 ) 90 - 95  2018.05  [Invited]

  • Waiver or Limitation of Possible Reparation Claims of Victims

    Shuichi Furuya

    ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR AUSLÄNDISCHES ÖFFENTLICHES RECHT UND VÖLKERRECHT   vol. 78   591 - 595  2018  [Refereed]

  • Domestic Implementation of the Rome Statute in Japan

    Shuichi Furuya

    SEOUL INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL   22   39 - 56  2015.12  [Invited]

  • Victim Participation, Reparations and Reintegration as Historical Building Blocks of International Criminal Law

    Shuichi Furuya

    MORTEN BERGSMO, CHEAH WUI LING, SONG TIANYING AND YI PING EDS., HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW: VOLUME 4 (Torkel Opsahl Academic Publisher)     837 - 863  2015.11  [Invited]

  • 指導者犯罪としての侵略犯罪—システム責任の顕在化

    古谷修一

    柳井俊二・村瀬信也編『国際法の実践—小松一郎大使追悼』(信山社)所収     309 - 324  2015.06

  • The “Criminalization” of International Law: A Critical Overview

    Shuichi Furuya

    JAPANESE YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW   58   1 - 16  2015  [Refereed]

  • Draft Procedural Principles for Reparation Mechanisms

    Shuichi Furuya

    INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, REPORT OF THE SEVENTY-SIXTH CONFERENCE HELD IN WASHINGTON D.C. (2014)     782 - 813  2015.01

  • 国際刑事裁判権の意義と問題—国際法秩序における革新性と連続性

    古谷修一

    村瀬信也・洪恵子共編『国際刑事裁判所(第2版)—最も重大な国際犯罪を裁く』(東信堂)所収     3 - 40  2014.09

  • 作為“領袖犯罪”的侵略罪 — 最好的留到最后?

    古谷修一

    国際法研究(中国社会科学院・国際法研究所発刊)   9   135 - 146  2013.12

  • 国際刑事裁判システムの国際法秩序像—『介入の国際法』の顕在化

    古谷修一

    法律時報   85 ( 11 ) 32 - 36  2013.11

  • Procedural Standards for Reparation Mechanisms

    Shuichi Furuya

    INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, REPORT OF THE SEVENTY-FIFTH CONFERENCE HELD IN SOFIA (2012)     581 - 602  2013.07

  • 平和条約と個人の請求権—中国人慰安婦損害賠償請求事件(第二次訴訟)」

    古谷修一

    小寺彰、森川幸一、西村弓編『国際法判例百選[第2版]』(別冊ジュリスト204号)     234 - 235  2011.05

  • 被害者救済の機関としての国際刑事裁判所

    古谷修一

    芹田健太郎・戸波江二・棟居快行・薬師寺公夫・坂元茂樹編集代表『講座国際人権法4 国際人権法の国際的実施』(信山社)所収     451 - 476  2011.03

  • 個人の国際責任と組織的支配の構造

    古谷修一

    国際法外交雑誌   109 ( 4 ) 34 - 66  2011.01

  • 国際組織犯罪としての人身取引—人身取引議定書の特徴と国内実施

    古谷修一

    早稲田大学社会安全政策研究所紀要   ( 2 ) 113 - 144  2010.03

  • The Principle of Complementarity in Reality: Who Actually Applies It and in What Way under the ICC System?

    Shuichi Furuya

    TERUO KOMORI AND KAREL WELLENS EDS., PUBLIC INTEREST RULES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW: TOWARDS EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION (Ashgate)     293 - 312  2009.10

  • 国際テロリズムに対する国連安保理の対応—立法的・行政的機能の拡大

    古谷修一

    村瀬信也編『国連安保理の機能変化』(東信堂)所収     41 - 55  2009.05

  • Draft Model Statute of an Ad Hoc Compensation Commission

    Shuichi Furuya

    INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, REPORT OF THE SEVENTY-THIRD CONFERENCE HELD IN RIO DE JANEIRO (2008)     500 - 518  2009.05

  • Draft Declaration of International Principles on Reparation for Victims of Armed Conflict (Procedural aspects)

    Shuichi Furuya

    INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, REPORT OF THE SEVENTY-THIRD CONFERENCE HELD IN RIO DE JANEIRO (2008)     494 - 500  2009.05

  • 国際組織犯罪防止条約の特質と国内実施における問題—共謀罪の制定を中心に

    古谷修一

    早稲田大学社会安全政策研究所紀要   ( 1 ) 225 - 246  2009.03

  • 国際組織犯罪防止条約と共謀罪の制定—条約の国内実施の観点から

    古谷修一

    島田征夫・古谷修一編『国際法の新展開と課題』(林司宣先生古稀祝賀論文集)(信山社)所収     31 - 55  2009.02

  • イデオロギーとしての『国際共同体』

    古谷修一

    大沼保昭編『国際社会における法と力』(日本評論社)所収     155 - 189  2008.12

  • 国際組織犯罪防止条約と共謀罪の立法化-国際法の視点から-

    古谷修一

    警察学論集   61 ( 6 ) 143 - 168  2008.06

  • ノン・ルフールマン原則と犯罪人引渡:人権侵害が予見される国家への引渡により生じる人権条約違反-ゼーリング判決-

    古谷修一

    戸波江二、北村泰三、建石真公子、小畑郁、江島晶子編『ヨーロッパ人権裁判所の判例』(信山社)所収     124 - 128  2008.05

  • 主権免除と戦後補償

    古谷修一

    法律時報80巻4号   80 ( 4 ) 93 - 98  2008.04

  • 国際テロリズムに対する国連安保理の対応—立法的・行政的機能の拡大

    古谷修一

    国際問題   ( 570 ) 45 - 55  2008.04

  • 国際刑事裁判権の意義と問題—国際法秩序における革新性と連続性

    古谷修一

    村瀬信也・洪恵子共編『国際刑事裁判所—最も重大な国際犯罪を裁く』(東信堂)所収     3 - 39  2008.03

  • 国際刑事裁判制度における被害者への賠償

    古谷修一

    早稲田法学   83 ( 3 ) 155 - 181  2008.03

  • 国際刑事裁判所の歴史と現在の動向

    古谷修一

    法律のひろば   60 ( 9 ) 4 - 12  2007.09

  • 自衛と域外法執行措置

    古谷修一

    村瀬信也編『自衛権の現代的展開』(東信堂)所収     165 - 200  2007.05

  • State Immunity: An Impediment to Compensation Litigation—Assessment of Current International Law

    Shuichi Furuya

    INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, REPORT OF THE SEVENTY-SECOND CONFERENCE HELD IN TORONTO 4-8 JUNE 2006     783 - 794  2007.05

  • A Model Statute of An Ad Hoc Compensation Commission: Preliminary Analysis of Some Issues to be Addressed

    Shuichi Furuya

    INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, REPORT OF THE SEVENTY-SECOND CONFERENCE HELD IN TORONTO 4-8 JUNE 2006     794 - 803  2007.05

  • 稼動を始めた国際刑事裁判所の課題—外からの抵抗と内なる挑戦

    古谷修一

    法律時報   79 ( 4 ) 18 - 24  2007.04

  • Anzenhosho to Kokusai Hanzai (Security and Transnational Crime), edited by Atsushi Yamaguchi and Kazuhiro Nakatani

    Shuichi Furuya

    JAPANESE ANNUAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW   49   140 - 143  2007.03

  • 外国国家による商業取引に関する裁判権免除の可否(最高裁判所第二小法廷平成18年7月21日判決)

    古谷修一

    Law And Practice   ( 1 ) 267 - 277  2007.03

  • State Cooperation

    Shuichi Furuya

    A. KLIP AND G. SLUITER EDS., ANNOTATED LEADING CASES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS, VOL. 11 (2007)     534 - 538  2007.02

  • 国際刑事裁判所(ICC)における補完性の原則—事案配分に関する決定プロセスと実体的基準

    古谷修一

    島田征夫・林司宣・杉山晋輔編『国際紛争の多様化と法的処理』(栗山尚一先生・山田中正先生古稀記念論文集)(信山社)所収     91 - 126  2006.12

  • 「テロとの戦争」における国際人権法の役割—人権法の機能的拡張

    古谷修一

    国際人権   ( 17 ) 2 - 7  2006.10

  • 国際法における領土・国境—その意義と紛争解決

    古谷修一

    ユーラシア研究   ( 34 ) 32 - 37  2006.05

  • 国際人道法違反と被害者に対する補償—国際的制度の展開

    古谷修一

    ジュリスト   ( 1299 ) 64 - 72  2005.10

  • 第5章「排他的経済水域」

    古谷修一

    島田征夫・林司宣編『海洋法テキストブック』(有信堂)     53 - 65  2005.03

  • Implementing International Refugee Law through a National Legal System: Practice in Japan

    Shuichi Furuya

    JAPANESE ANNUAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW   47   1 - 33  2005.03

  • 領土・国境紛争の処理—最近のICJ判決にみられる特徴

    古谷修一

    日本国際問題研究所 『国際裁判の判例研究』(平成16年度外務省委託研究報告書)所収     86 - 102  2005.03

  • 国際テロリズムと武力紛争法の射程—9・11テロ事件が提起する問題

    古谷修一

    村瀬信也・真山全編『武力紛争の国際法』(東信堂)所収     165 - 187  2004.12

  • カンボジア特別裁判部の意義と問題—国際刑事司法における普遍性と個別性

    古谷修一

    国際法外交雑誌   102 ( 4 ) 46 - 72  2004.03

  • 国際刑事裁判所設置の意義と直面する問題

    古谷修一

    法学教室   ( 281 ) 23 - 28  2004.02

  • Possibility of an International Criminal Tribunal in the Post-Cold War Asia: The Case of Cambodia

    Shuichi Furuya

    Proceedings of the 2003 Internatinonal Symposium, Unity in Diversity: Asian Perspectives on International Law in the 21th Century     113 - 122  2003.10

  • 将来の戦後補償裁判は大丈夫か?——国際刑事裁判所への提訴の可能性

    古谷修一

    奥田恭弘・山口二郎編『グローバル化する戦後補償裁判』(信山社)     55 - 75  2002.09

  • Cooperation of States and Other Subjects of International Law

    Shuichi Furuya

    A. Klip and G. Sluiter eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Vol. 4     224 - 229  2002.07

  • 香港軍票事件(東京高裁平成13年2月8日第14民事部判決)

    古谷修一

    『平成13年度重要判例解説』(ジュリスト別冊)   1224   301 - 303  2002.06

  • 国際テロにいかに対処すべきか—逮捕・裁判に関する制度の『客観化』

    古谷修一

    法律時報   74 ( 6 ) 11 - 16  2002.05

  • 国際法上の個人責任の拡大とその意義—国家責任法との関係を中心として

    古谷修一

    世界法年報   ( 21 ) 82 - 109  2002.02

  • 犯罪人引渡しと死刑の存在—ソーリング事件」(欧州人権裁判決1989年7月7日)

    古谷修一

    山本草二・古川照美・松井芳郎編『国際法判例百選』(別冊ジュリスト)   156   104 - 105  2001.04

  • Legal effect of rules of the international criminal tribunals and court upon individuals: Emerging international law of direct effect

    Shuichi Furuya

    Netherlands International Law Review   47 ( 2 ) 111 - 145  2000

    DOI

  • 旧ユーゴ国際刑事裁判所に対する協力義務の性格—国内実施立法の検討を中心に

    古谷修一

    早稲田法学   74 ( 3 ) 189 - 209  1999.03

  • Commentary: Rule 61 Procedure in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: A Lesson for the ICC

    Shuichi Furuya

    Leiden Journal of International Law   12 ( 3 ) 635 - 669  1999

     View Summary

    Instead of conducting trials in absentia, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia has an innovative procedure against an accused not in custody. Officially, this ‘Rule 61 procedure’ is only a proceeding for reconfirming an indictment, which does not determine an accused's guilt or innocence. In substance, however, it has functioned as a trial-like procedure to some extent. As a judicial finding on legal issues, the decisions under the procedure have influenced subsequent trials. This article traces the evolution of the procedure and explores its unique character. In particular, by examining essential problems thereof, this article clarifies some points to be considered in establishing a similar mechanism for the International Criminal Court. © 1999, Kluwer Law International. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Setting up an International Criminal Court: Some Critical Issues Left to the Diplomatic Conference

    Shuichi Furuya

    KAGAWA LAW REVIEW   18 ( 1 ) 307 - 376  1998.06

  • 犯罪人引渡と請求国の人権保障状況に対する評価(二・完)

    古谷修一

    香川法学   16 ( 3-4 ) 49 - 109  1997.03

  • 域外法執行措置と国家管轄権

    古谷修一

    島田征夫・江泉芳信・清水章雄編『土井輝生先生古希記念 変動する国際社会と法』(敬文堂)     345 - 378  1996.11

  • 犯罪人引渡と請求国の人権保障状況に対する評価(一)

    古谷修一

    香川法学   15 ( 4 ) 33 - 80  1996.03

  • 航空機に対するテロ行為と国際法 ─ 『引渡か訴追か』方式の意義と問題

    古谷修一

    空法   33   77 - 103  1992.05

  • 普遍的管轄権の法構造 ─ 刑事管轄権の行使における普遍主義の国際法的考察(2・完)

    古谷修一

    香川大学教育学部研究報告第1部   75   79 - 107  1989

  • 執行管轄権の域外行使と司法管轄権の合法性 ─ male captus bene detentus原則の意義

    古谷修一

    香川大学教育学部研究報告第1部   77   71 - 101  1989

  • 普遍的管轄権の法構造 ─ 刑事管轄権の行使における普遍主義の国際法的考察(1)

    古谷修一

    香川大学教育学部研究報告第1部   74   81 - 106  1988

  • テロ行為の非政治犯罪化に関する考察

    古谷修一

    法研論集   41   277 - 304  1987

  • 政治犯不引渡とテロリストの引渡

    古谷修一

    法研論集   37   205 - 229  1986

▼display all

Books and Other Publications

  • Reparation for victims of armed conflict

    Correa, Cristián, Shuichi Furuya, Sandoval Villalba, Clara( Part: Joint author)

    Cambridge University Press  2020.12 ISBN: 9781108480956

  • 『国際法の新展開と課題』(林司宣先生古稀祝賀論文集)

    島田征夫, 古谷修一編( Part: Joint editor)

    信山社  2009.02

Research Projects

  • 国際法における責任主体の多元化ー国家・個人・中間団体の複合性と相互性

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(C)

    Project Year :

    2021.04
    -
    2024.03
     

    古谷 修一

  • Accountability-oriented perspective in international law

    Project Year :

    2018.04
    -
    2021.03
     

  • Criminalization of International Law

    Project Year :

    2015.04
    -
    2018.03
     

     View Summary

    Under the current international law, international criminal justice which is based on the vertical legal relations between international criminal judiciaries and responsible individuals has been giving a great impact on the traditional norms on international law which are based on the horizontal relations of sovereign States. This generates various unique phenomena of international norms based on the vertical image of international order, which can be regarded as“criminalization”of international law

  • 国際法の「刑事化」― 垂直的秩序構造の認識と影響

    科学研究費助成事業(早稲田大学)  科学研究費助成事業(基盤研究(C))

    Project Year :

    2015
    -
    2017
     

  • Individual responsibility of system criminality in international law

    Project Year :

    2012.04
    -
    2015.03
     

     View Summary

    The individual responsibility for serious international crimes such as the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crime entails the collective nature which is embodied by a mechanism of State or other political or military organization. While it has been relied on an analogy of domestic criminal theory, it is undeniable that the individual responsibility for these crimes has special nature of “system criminality”, according to which illegal conducts are made not by independent persons, but by persons incorporated in the organizational mechanism. They work like a gear of a great machine and then commit a serious crime. The present analysis clarified the characteristics of such aspect of individual responsibility and suggested the new concept of “system responsibility” as a part of traditional theory of individual responsibility

  • Crime of Agression: Comprehensive Study on the Kampala Amendment of the ICC Statute

    Project Year :

    2011.05
    -
    2015.03
     

     View Summary

    The purpose of this project is to comprehensively analyse the Kampala Amendment of the International Criminal Cpurt(ICC) Statute on the Crime of Aggression. The issues which it has examined are: the definitions of act of aggression and crime of aggression; elements of crime of aggression; conditions of exercise of jurisdiction, scope of control by the UN Security Council; character and forms of individual criminal responsibility, cooperation between the ICC and States. In addition to these analysis on articles, the project considers the role and function of the ICC in the field of international security and its interrelationship with the UN Security Council.Furthermore, this study provides important guidelines to the Japanese Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defense, when they consider the accession of Japan to the Amendment. The project could also show issues which should be discussed at the National Diet when it approves the Japanese accession

  • A Study of organizational principles and functions of international criminal justice

     View Summary

    From the analysis on the relation between the International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Court on one hand, and national jurisdiction on the other, the following points become clear.1. The Tribunal, which is given primacy over national jurisdiction under its Statute, has elaborated its supremacy through subsequent judgments and decisions. The Tribunal, for example, found in Blaskic case that its order had a direct effect on individuals in the territory of states without national implementing jurisdiction, and it can take forcible measures (such as on-site investigation) in the territory, when the national legislation impedes its effective conduct of investigation and trial.2. On the contrary, each state made an implementing legislation in the framework of international legal cooperation in a traditional sense. Many states inserted into their legislations the same principles as in extradition procedure. For example, there are many stipulations in the legislations that allow a judicial organ of a state to determines whether the Tribunal really has jurisdiction on the accused whom thc state is requested to surrender, or whether there is probable cause to believe that the accused really committed the alleged crimes. In this respect, Tribunal's primacy is reduced implicitly by the national legislations.3. The International Criminal Court adopts the principle of complementarity, which may imply the primacy of national jurisdiction over the Court. Nevertheless, the examination of its legislative history makes it clear that under the Rome Statute, the Court is given a power to determine whether prosecution or trial by national authorities is really effective, and due to this power, it serves as an extra appellate judicial body to review the performance of national prosecutors and judges.On the basis of the researches above, I will next attempt to analyze practical function of the Court by examining in detail implementing legislations which will be made in the near future in order to ratify the Rome Statute of the Court

  • Research on Implementation of Multilateral Environmental Agreements

     View Summary

    There is no doubt that the global environmental protection is the most important agenda in international society. Since 1972 Stockholm Human Environment Conference, it is recognized the lack of law on international environmental protection and has rapidly made treaties for the purpose of environmental protection. As a result, there are a lot of treaties of environmental protection. But these environmental treaties, general principle and so on are not quite implemented adequately. For example, some treaties do not work after all and become sleeping treaties. Since 1992 Earth Summit, it has rapidly address implementation of international environmental law, that is compliance of international environmental law. Then, the purpose of our project for three years is examination of multilateral environmental agreements whether is properly implemented in the international level and domestic level through the analysis(study) of main agreements. And also we try to theoretically and practically consider about state responsibility, international compensation, civil liability and free trade. Ultimately we seek to analyze the substance of compliance on international environmental law.On first year our project addressed compliance for setting the framework of conceptual analysis. First, we tried to identify the nature of obligation to comply with international environmental law from the point of view of hard law and soft law. Then, we deliberated policy instruments and economic instruments enhancing compliance on each dimensions and also compliance on the domestic level. On second year we especially addressed Asia-Pacific region because there are some arguments which level is effective in working on compliance with environmental law on the international (global), regional(EU, north America, south America and Asia-Pacific) and national level.As a result, we found that it is better to attempt the settlement of certain environmental problem on regional level firstly, not on global level. On last year we addressed Environment and Trade because after the study of 1999 and 2000 it emerged the need to resolve the interference with environmental protection and free trade enhancing effective compliance with environmental law. As a result, it is pointed out some problem that free trade institutions, for example WTO, are not necessarily positive with environmental protection

  • Implementing process of international norms in the system of international criminal justice: A comparative analysis of various types of tribunals

     View Summary

    This research analyzed the implementing process of international norms by examining in detail the drafting process of various international criminal tribunals like ICTY, ICTR and ICC and the decisions and judgment thereof.In 2001, close examinations into the establishing process of the ICTY, ICTR and ICC have revealed that a new direct way of implementation of international norms is emerging and it has a completely different character from the traditional one which has been basically relied on the domestic legal systems of States. The research has also demonstrated that the above-mentioned special character of implementing process introduces two roles of implementing legislation of a State: Firstly a role to give effect to international norms in its domestic legal system, and secondly a role to accommodate its domestic law with international norms in order not to be in conflict with each other.In 2002, by examining the Special Court of Sierra Leone, Special Court of East Timor and ICTY/ICTR, leading principles for determining the distribution of cases between international courts and national courts were clarified. In spite of their international nature in common, each court has its own historical, political and social background. The research has demonstrated that according to the expected roles of each court vis-a-vis the States concerned, it adopts different principles for determining whether a case should be dealt with by itself or by a national court. The research also has clarified that the determination of distribution has actually been made at several levels of the whole process from investigation to trial, to which researches so far made have failed to pay attention

  • Reeansructing the Basic Theory of Internaitonal Law : Critical Examination of "Realist" International Legal Scholarship and Critical Legal Studies

     View Summary

    This three-year research project has been carried out, organizing intensive semi-annual seminars among members and occasional public symposiums, through the examination of works of so-called "realist" in international legal scholarship such as Julius Stone, Hans Morgenthau, Georg Schwarzenberger, Charles de Visscher, and Prosper Weil.During the first two-year period (2002 to 2003), we have examined possibilities of realism in international legal scholarship, reading all the major works of Stone, Schwarzenberger, and Weil. An important finding is the existence of an internal relationship between realism and legal positivism, elucidated through an investigation of their prima facie contradictory combination, as is the case with Schwarzenberger.In the last year (2004), we set to the completion and publication of the results of the project, with an emphasis on the theoretical implication of the relationship between law and power in international society. The main results are to be published in the forthcoming year as a book temporarily titled, Law and Power in International Society

  • Domestic implementation, of international criminal justice : Function of implementing legislation

     View Summary

    In the research project of this year, implementing legislations in terms of the International Criminal Court(ICC) were examined from a comparative point of view. In particular, following points were focused : (1)role of domestic procedures and organs in executing an arrest warrant issued by the ICC ; (2)role of domestic courts in transferring accused to the ICC ; (3)domestic measures to seize the property of a person who was convicted by the ICC ; (4)applicability of domestic penal rules to the execution of sentences declared by the ICC.Through this examination, this investigator came to the following conclusion : In the state which has an ICC implementing legislation besides existing criminal laws, the implementing function of that legislation is generally so effective to succeed to link ICC Statute with domestic legal system. On the contrary, in the state which bases the implementation of ICC Statute on existing criminal laws and procedure, its purpose is not necessarily attained. In some states, relation between their national courts and the ICC is not considered as "vertical" one as in the case of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda (ICTY and ICTR). Those states constitute domestic implementing system for the ICC just as quasi inter-state penal cooperation (an intermediate between "vertical" and "horizontal" systems). In this respect, effective implementation of the ICC system cannot be fully expected because it is dependent on the discretionary power of judiciary of the state concerned.As to the civil procedure concerning seizure of property for compensation to victims, the way of implementation varies from state to state. Remarkably, some states do not respond at all to the compensation for victims that is clearly incorporated in the ICC system

  • Function of International Criminal Justice in the Process of State-Reconstruction and Peace-Building: Study on Its Legal Framework and Dynamics

     View Summary

    In the research project of this year, the legal framework and the dynamics of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Process of State-Reconstruction and Peace-Building were analyzed by using two models, namely "Clearance-Function Model" and "Construction-Function Model".In particular, following points were focused: in terms of "Clearance-Function Model", (1)Applicability of domestic law before the ICC ; (2)Significance of "general principles of domestic law" as one of applicable laws before the ICC ; (3)Status of victims in the judicial process of the ICC ; and (4)Compensation for the victims. In terms of "Construction-Function Model", (1)vulnerability of the ICC as a system for reconstructing domestic legal system and realizing the rule of law; (2)Relationship with the Truth and Reconciliation Commissions in the States in question ; and (3)Effect of amnesty and other domestic measures on the procedure of the ICC.Through this examination, this investigator came to the following conclusion: It is quite likely that some measures taken by the States concerned such as the establishment of Truth and Reconciliation Commissions and amnesty will be incompatible with the criminal justice to be realized by the ICC. In this regard, we need other mechanism for State-Reconstruction and Peace-Building in addition to the ICC. On the other hand, by introducing so-called "self-deferral" in the prosecutorial strategy, the ICC, particularly the Prosecutor, has attempted to take into account the domestic situations of the States concerned. However, this analysis also shows some problems that this attempt is facingwith

  • Beyond Legal Positivism in International Law

     View Summary

    Our study group, with almost the same members, has begun this project since 2002. While we received this fund, especially in 2006, our project was not necessarily working better than we thought, mainly because core members had to be hospitalized due to their illness and partly because the discrepancy of each member's idea became more apparent in the phase of publishing the common achievement. We continued our discussion in the meetings and e-mails so that we have reached more plausible ideas for other academia and intellectuals.We had three intensive meetings this year. In one of the meetings above, we invited Prof. ENDO Seiji, Professor of Seikei University, to have a presentation on E. H. Carr. Prof. ENDO is one of the leading researchers on his thought. Our project is stimulated by E. H. Carr's thought which criticize utopianism with proper Utopian elements in the age of two World Wars. Most of our members are international lawyers and this session putting more emphasis on political and economic side provides useful perspectives to our project.Each member's paper based on our common concern was published as showed on the reverse side of this report. In addition, our study group are ready to publish "Law and Power in International Society" (tentative title), the most important fruit of this project. Our work concerns on fundamental issues such as the concept of "power", "law", "society", those of which are important but not investigated enough in international law study. We tacked with these problems with interdisciplinary perspectives.We have not been granted by this fund this year, but we are ready to publish the work based on this fund in the very near feature

  • Implementation of Rules Protecting Public Interests of the International Community

     View Summary

    Last three years starting from 2005, this project has held plenary meeting twice a year and several research meeting. In this process, we have analyzed various problems existing in the implementation processes of institutions and rules protecting public interests of the international community and also considered how those problems have been dealt with from the viewpoints of how the measures to solve them are justified. In the final year of 2007, we held an international workshop on the Implementation of public interests of the international community, inviting Professor Karel Wellens of Nijmegen University, Dr Kern Alexander of Cambridge University, and Director Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger of the Centre for Sustainable Development in Canada as guest speakers. Professor Wellens and the Head Investigator have edited the all the papers submitted by the members of this project and guest speakers into a book consisting of 16 chapters entitled "Implementation of Rules Protecting Public Interests of the International Community: Towards Process-based Concepts of Effectiveness in International Law and submitted it to Cambridge University Press for publication

  • Individual Responsibility under International Law : Research on the Multiple Aspects of Realizing the Purpose of International Law

  • Interactive functions of international criminal tribunals and reparation mechanisms in a peace-building process

     View Summary

    While the international criminal judiciaries and the reparation mechanisms are closely related with each other from the political point of view, it is hard to say that they constitute an integrated legal system. On the other hand, the International Criminal Court(ICC), which includes the reparation procedure in it, does not have any inconsistency as a system. However, since the main purpose of the ICC is to prosecute and try those who are criminally responsible for international crimes, it has the problem that the reparation provided by it is limited in scope

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Presentations

  • 自由権規約委員会について―総括所見、見解、一般的意見の相互作用―

    古谷修一  [Invited]

    国際人権法学会・第32回(2020年度)研究⼤会 

    Presentation date: 2020.11

    Event date:
    2020.11
     
     
  • To Fight Transnational Organized Crimes or To Protect Human Rights: Controversial Legislation on Conspiracy in Japan

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    EU-Japan Forum 2018  (Louvain)  Université catholique de Louvain

    Presentation date: 2018.03

  • Right to Reparation for Victims of Armed Conflict: The Intertwining Development of Substantive and Procedural Aspects

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    Max Planck Trialogues on the Law of Peace and War Vol. III: Reparations for Victims of Armed Conflict Workshop  (Berlin)  Max Plank Institute of Comparative Public Law and International Law

    Presentation date: 2017.11

  • Generating respect for IHL in Asia through the International Fact-Finding Commission

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    International humanitarian law in Asia: Regional Conference on Generating Respect for the Law  (Singapore)  ICRC and S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies

    Presentation date: 2017.04

  • Independent investigation following an attack on medical personnel and/or structure

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    Attacks on Hospital Roundtable  (東京)  Medecins Sans Frontieres

    Presentation date: 2017.03

  • Cooperation with Differences or Basic Value without Cooperation?: Issue of Death Penalty in the Agreement between Japan and the EU on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

    Shuichi Furuya

    Roundtable “EU-Japan Strategic Partnership in Criminal Matters”, 2016 EU-Japan Forum  EU-Japan Forum

    Presentation date: 2016.10

  • Mechanisms to Ensure Respect of International Humanitarian Law: Fact-finding, Criminal Trials or Both?

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    The 14th Red Cross International Humanitarian Law Moot  International Committee of Red Cross and Hong Kong Red Cross

    Presentation date: 2016.03

  • Domestic Implementation of the ICC Statute in Japan

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    International Conference “Domestic Implementation of the ICC Statute in East Asia  Seoul International Law Academy

    Presentation date: 2015.10

  • Seeking for an Effective Framework of International Legal Order in the Asia-Pacific Region

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    Strengthening a Legal Framework for Preventing Conflicts in the Asia-Pacific Region  United State-Japan Research Institute

    Presentation date: 2015.09

  • Victim Participation, Reparations and Reintegration as Historical Building Blocks of International Criminal Law

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    International Symposium “Historical Origins of International Criminal Law”  (New Delhi)  Centre for International Law Research and Policy, Nalsar University of Law, O.P. Gindal Global University, Peking University International Law Institute, Waseda University Law School, European University Institute (Department of Law), Asian-African Consultative Organization, and Indian Society of International Law

    Presentation date: 2014.11

  • Draft Procedural Principles for Reparation Mechanisms

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    International Law Association, the Seventy-Sixth Conference held in Washington D.C.  International Law Association

    Presentation date: 2014.04

  • The Implementation of Human Rights Treaties in the Domestic Legal System of Japan

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    International Symposium on the Domesticalization and Practice of International Human Rights Instruments  Taiwan Academy for the Judiciary

    Presentation date: 2013.11

  • 武力紛争犠牲者のための賠償メカニズムの構築—Mass Claims Processの意義と課題

    国際法協会日本支部研究大会 

    Presentation date: 2013.04

  • The Crime of Aggression as a Leadership Crime: The Best comes Last?

    Shuichi Furuya  [Invited]

    Symposium of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) & Ninth International Law Forum “Developing International Law and Global Governance”  Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

    Presentation date: 2012.11

  • Procedural Standards for Reparation Mechanisms

    Shuichi Furuya

    International Law Association, the Seventy-Fifth Conference held in Sofia  International Law Association

    Presentation date: 2012.08

  • 個人の国際責任と組織的支配の構造—脱国家責任体系の機能的限界と克服の試み

    国際法学会2008年度秋季大会 

    Presentation date: 2008.10

  • 戦後補償と主権免除

    日中国際シンポジウム「戦後補償裁判と個人請求権」 

    Presentation date: 2007.11

  • ICCの活動の現状と評価

    古谷修一  [Invited]

    EU・外務省共同主催 セミナー「国際刑事裁判所の課題と将来」  (東京) 

    Presentation date: 2004.12

  • 冷戦後のアジアにおける国際刑事裁判所の可能性—カンボジアの場合

    古谷修一

    国際法学会2003年度秋季大会・国際シンポジウム(名古屋大学) 

    Presentation date: 2003.10

  • 将来の戦後補償裁判は大丈夫か?—国際刑事裁判所への提訴の可能性

    古谷修一  [Invited]

    北海道大学高等法政教育研究センター主催『戦後補償裁判の過去・現在・未来』  (北海道大学) 

    Presentation date: 2001.10

  • 国際刑事裁判制度における民事賠償責任

    古谷修一

    国際法学会2001年度秋季大会(同志社大学) 

    Presentation date: 2001.10

  • 国際法上の個人責任の拡大とその意義 — 国家責任法との関係を中心として

    古谷修一

    世界法学会2001年度研究大会 

    Presentation date: 2001.05

  • 航空機に対するテロ行為と国際法 — 「引渡か訴追か」方式の発展と非政治化

    古谷修一

    日本空法学会第37回研究大会 

    Presentation date: 1991.05

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Specific Research

  • 第一次大戦終結時における個人責任論の展開

    2019  

     View Summary

     現代国際法を特徴づける原理として、著しい人権侵害や国際社会の秩序を破壊する行為について、当該行為の計画・命令した者に対する個人責任の原則が挙げられる。こうした個人責任論の直接的な淵源は、第二次大戦後のニュルンベルグ裁判・東京裁判に求められるが、すでに第一次大戦終結時には、こうした個人責任論の萌芽が見られる。本研究では、ドイツ皇帝ウィルヘルム二世が戦争を開始した責任を問われ、特別裁判所の設置を規定したヴェルサイユ講和条約227条の起草に至る外交交渉と当時の国際法学者の見解を検討し、ドイツ皇帝の責任が国家を体現する元首としての責任論であり、国家責任と個人責任が十分に峻別されていない点を解明した。

  • 地域人権裁判所における責任追及指向性-欧州・米州・アフリカの比較研究

    2018  

     View Summary

     本研究は、現代国際法における責任追及指向性の特徴を地域人権裁判所の動向を比較検討しながら析出し、それが持つ課題を明らかにした。とりわけ、アフリカ連合が国際的な刑事管轄司法を一部門として包含するアフリカ司法人権裁判所を新たに設置したことに着目し、国際刑事裁判所(ICC)との関係において、ICCを否定しながら地域に限定した責任追及メカニズムを構築しようとする試みの背景で、相互補完的なメカニズムに向かう可能性があることを明らかにした。加えて、「加害者-被害者」という関係性の強調が一方で刑事的処罰、他方で被害者賠償という発想を呼び起こしている点に着目し、この関係性について比較検討を行った。

  • 国際事実調査における責任追及指向性 ― 国際法の「刑事化」の一断面

    2015  

     View Summary

     国際的な事実調査(fact-finding)が「中立的な事実の究明」から「刑事責任を追及するための証拠収集」へと転換しつつある動向を、国際法の「刑事化」の一部としてとらえ、近時における人権理事会により設置された事実調査機関の実行(リビア、シリア、中央アフリカ、スリランカ、ガザなど)を横断的に分析し、刑事裁判との関連がどのように認識されているのかを検討した。その結果、こうした事実調査機関は、シリアの調査委員会(COI)に代表されるように、安保理の機能不全(これに伴う、ICCへの非付託)を補う形で、人権理事会がCOIを使って人権侵害状況の責任追及を行うという性格を強く帯びていることを解明した。

  • 国際人道法違反に関する個人賠償メカニズムの動態

    2014  

     View Summary

     本研究では、国際人道法違反の犠牲者に対する賠償を実効的に実施するためのMass Claims Processと呼ばれる制度の課題を抽出し、それに対する法的措置の提案を行った。1980年代以降に設置あるいは構想された13の機関について比較分析を行い、手続における個人請求権の法的位置づけ、請求提起の方法と関係国家の関与の仕方、他の請求制度との競合可能性とその処理など各々の手続的特徴と問題点を検討した。この研究成果は、国際法協会(ILA)の第67回ワシントン大会において、“DraftProcedural Principles for Reparation Mechanisms,”の題目で報告が行われた。

  • 戦争犠牲者の補償に関する国際制度の構築―個人請求受理プロセスの研究

    2008  

     View Summary

    本研究では、戦争犠牲者の補償に関する国際制度を構築するに際して課題となる点を抽出し、それに対する法的措置の検討を行った。具体的には、イラク・クウェート「国連補償委員会」(United Nations Compensation Commission, 1991年)、ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ「避難民および難民の不動産請求権に関する委員会」(Commission for Real Property Claims of Displaced Persons and Refugees, 1996年)、コソボ「家屋および財産に関する請求権委員会」(Housing and Property Claims Commission, 1999年)、「エリトリア・エチオピア請求権委員会」(Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, 2000年)、「イラク財産請求権委員会」(Iraq Property Claims Commission, 2004年)などを研究対象とし、これらの請求受理のプロセスに①犠牲者個人、②その国籍国、③加害国、④補償委員会といったアクターがどのような形で関与することが想定され、また現実にそれがどの程度実効的に機能しているのかを解明した。 さらに、こうした研究を基盤として、将来設置される補償委員会が備えるべき個人請求の受理システムにつき、(1)当該手続における個人請求権の法的位置づけ、(2)請求提起の方法と関係国家の関与の仕方、(3)請求処理システムの効率性と実効性、(4)他の請求制度(たとえば、国内裁判所における請求)との競合可能性とその処理、(5)一括・定額処理方式の実効性と問題、(6)補償金の配分方法などの論点整理を行うとともに、補償委員会のモデル規程の原案を作成した。 このモデル規程案は、2008年8月にリオデジャネイロで開催されたInternational Law Association世界大会において報告され、重要な進展として評価されるとともに、さらに2010年の次回大会までにより詳細な規程案を作成することが要請された。

  • 戦争犠牲者の補償に関する国際制度の構築―大規模請求処理手続の比較研究

    2007  

     View Summary

     本研究は、イラク・クウェート「国連補償委員会」(United Nations Compensation Commission, 1991年)、ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ「避難民および難民の不動産請求権に関する委員会」(Commission for Real Property Claims of Displaced Persons and Refugees, 1996年)、コソボ「家屋および財産に関する請求権委員会」(Housing and Property Claims Commission, 1999年)、「エリトリア・エチオピア請求権委員会」(Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, 2000年)、「イラク財産請求権委員会」(Iraq Property Claims Commission, 2004年)、「スーダン・ダルフール補償委員会」(Compensation Commission, 2005年)など、冷戦後に設置された補償委員会・請求権委員会に関して、一時期に大量の個人請求が提起される可能性に対応して、どのように迅速かつ実効的な処理を行うメカニズムを備えているのかという観点から、比較研究を行った。 具体的には、(1)個人請求の関係国家による取りまとめ(consolidated claims)の制度的な問題、(2)関係国家による取りまとめを望まない個人による請求の処理制度、(3)国家に対して支払われた賠償金の個人への迅速かつ公正な配分のあり方について、個々の委員会の手続が持つ特徴と問題を分析した。そのうえで、本研究の成果として、“Model Statute of Ad Hoc International Compensation Commission”の草案を作成するとともに、、これに対して詳細なコメンタリーを付ける作業を行った。 なお、このModel Statuteとコメンタリーは、2008年8月にブラジル・リオデジャネイロで開催される2008年International Law Association大会において報告される予定である。

  • 戦争犠牲者の補償に関する国際制度の構築-国際手続の諸課題に関する基礎的研究

    2006  

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     本研究は、イラク・クウェート「国連補償委員会」(United Nations Compensation Commission, 1991年)、ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ「避難民および難民の不動産請求権に関する委員会」(Commission for Real Property Claims of Displaced Persons and Refugees, 1996年)、コソボ「家屋および財産に関する請求権委員会」(Housing and Property Claims Commission, 1999年)、「エリトリア・エチオピア請求権委員会」(Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, 2000年)、「イラク財産請求権委員会」(Iraq Property Claims Commission, 2004年)、「スーダン・ダルフール補償委員会」(Compensation Commission, 2005年)など、冷戦後に設置された補償委員会・請求権委員会に関する比較分析を行い、各々の手続的特徴と問題点を検討した。 具体的には、1)請求の法的基盤にある個人請求権の位置づけ、2)個人による直接的な請求提起と関係国家による一括提起のあり方、3)大量請求に対応するための処理システムのあり方、4)補償金の配分方法といった点に関して、各委員会の規程(設立文書)や手続規則の分析を行うとともに、それに至った審議過程について検討した。その際に、国連による国家再建・平和構築活動(PKO活動など)や国内法整備支援活動などとの関連性を念頭に、地域・社会における国際的なプレゼンスの特徴と補償のための国際手続の構造・動態との関係についても考察した。 研究成果の一部は、国際法協会(ILA)2006年世界大会(カナダ・トロント)における「戦争犠牲者の補償に関する委員会」において報告され、その研究内容の独創性と実務的な重要性が多くの出席者より評価された。

  • 国際刑事裁判手続の国内実施措置―国内実施立法の機能に関する研究

    2003  

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    研究課題に関して、①国際刑事裁判所(ICC)に対応した犯罪人引渡・捜査共助に関する各国の国内実施立法の内容、②混合刑事裁判所における国内法の機能、の二点について研究を行った。 ①に関しては、イギリス、オランダ、ドイツなど新たにICC協力法を制定して対応している国と、カナダのように既存の犯罪人引渡法、刑事共助法を改正して対応している国がある。しかし、いずれにおいても、具体的なICCからの容疑者引渡請求や証拠等の提出請求に対しては、個々の国家の伝統的な国内手続を準用する傾向が見られる。このため、ICCからの協力要請に対し、これを拒絶する規定を持つ場合がある(たとえば、カナダ法では双罰性の原則などが維持されている)。また、検察官による関係国家領域内での直接的な捜査行動(ICC規程99条4項)など、国家間の司法共助では見られない手続に関しては、これを担保する国内法規を持たない国が多い。こうした点を踏まえて、今後は日本における国内法の対応に関して検討を行う予定である。 ②に関しては、シエラレオネ特別裁判所、コソボ・パネル、東ティモール・パネル、カンボジア特別裁判部の検討を行った。とりわけ、シエラレオネとカンボジアにおいては国内法が裁判実施に重要な役割を果たしているが、前者が裁判所を設置した国連・シエラレオネ間の協定の技術的な国内実施立法としての性格を持つのに対して、後者においてはカンボジア国内法が裁判部設置の直接的根拠となっており、その運営に関しても国内法が主導的な役割を果たすことを解明した。混合刑事裁判においては、協定と国内法との関係が、その「国際的」ないし「国内的」性格のバリエーションを判断する上での重要な基準となることが明らかになった。継続して今後は、こうした角度から、種々の混合刑事裁判の類型化を試みる予定である。

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Committee Memberships

  • 2021.03
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    United Nations  Human Rights Committee Vice-Chair

  • 2019.01
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    United Nations  Human Rights Committee

  • 2012.04
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    International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission  member

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    2016.12

    International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission  Vice-President