KUMANO, Hiroaki



Faculty of Human Sciences, School of Human Sciences

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Concurrent Post 【 display / non-display

  • Faculty of Human Sciences   Graduate School of Human Sciences

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

Research Institute 【 display / non-display

  • 2019

    応用脳科学研究所   プロジェクト研究所所長

Education 【 display / non-display


    The University of Tokyo   Faculty of Medicine   School of Medicine  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • 東京大学   博士(医学)

  • The University of Tokyo   PhD of Medical Science


Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • General internal medicine

  • Psychiatry

  • Nutrition science and health science

  • Clinical psychology

Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Self-focused attention related to social anxiety during free speaking tasks activates the right frontopolar area

    Nozomi Tomita, Hiroaki Kumano

    Current Psychology    2021.09  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author

     View Summary

    <title>Abstract</title>Self-focused attention (SFA) and other-focused attention (OFA) are central maintenance factors of social anxiety. Tomita et al., Cognitive Therapy and Research 44:511–525, 2020 investigated brain activities when manipulating SFA and OFA during speech tasks, after controlling for social anxiety, using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and eye-tracking. Compared with the control condition, the SFA condition demonstrated greater activity in the right frontopolar area (rFPA) and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. In the OFA condition, relative to controls, activity was greater in the left superior temporal gyrus. We investigated whether the activity in these brain areas increased in healthy individuals in proportion to their social anxiety tendency without manipulating SFA and OFA. Thirty-nine participants performed speech tasks under a no attentional manipulation (no-instruction) condition and a control (looking at various places) condition. Brain activity was measured using NIRS (oxy-Hb responses), and eye movements were tracked. We found that higher social anxiety was associated with higher rFPA activity in the no-instruction condition compared to the control condition and that higher subjective SFA during the no-instruction condition with higher social anxiety was associated with increased rFPA between the no-instruction and control conditions. These results suggest that greater activity in the rFPA is a useful objective measure of SFA related to social anxiety during speech tasks.


  • Measuring Momentary Experiential Avoidance in Daily Life: A Preliminary Investigation for a New Contingency-Based Measurement Framework

    Taiki SHIMA, Kazuya INOUE, Takashi MUTO, Hiroaki KUMANO

    Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies   21 ( 1 ) 113 - 132  2021.03  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    "This preliminary investigation aims to develop a new measure for
    momentary experiential avoidance in daily life using ecological momentary
    assessment (EMA) and a small sample. To measure momentary experiential
    avoidance, this study devised a new method that involves capturing
    reductions in unwanted experiences after a behavior has occurred based on
    negative reinforcement characteristics. A daily life investigation on students (N = 25) indicated that although “a momentary experiential avoidance index” did not correlate with acceptance and commitment therapy or symptomrelated questionnaires, it could partially predict a decrease in “irritation” and an increase in “satisfaction” after a behavior that is measured separately from an unpleasant private experience preceding the behavior. Moreover, the momentary experiential avoidance index predicted a number of positive mood states only in a group with high global experiential avoidance defined by a self-report questionnaire. Although the momentary experiential avoidance index may measure one aspect of experiential avoidance, consistent results were not obtained. Thus, this preliminary investigation only suggests the potential of expanding the measurement framework and reveals issues that require further examination."


  • Effects of the Attention Training Technique on Brain Activity in Healthy University Students Assessed by EEG Source Imaging

    Kaori Usui, Issaku Kawashima, Nozomi Tomita, Toru Takahashi, Hiroaki Kumano

    Psychological Reports    2021.02  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    This study aimed to investigate the neurocognitive effects of the Attention Training Technique (ATT) on brain activity in healthy participants. The participants included 20 university students who were asked to practice ATT as a homework assignment for 20 days. The intracerebral source localization of their electroencephalogram during rest and the ATT task, which comprised selective attention, attention switching, and divided attention conditions, was evaluated by standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography. Brain activity during rest was subtracted from that during the ATT task, and that was compared before and after the homework assignment. The results for the divided attention condition indicated significantly decreased alpha 1 frequency band power in the left orbital frontal cortex (OFC) and alpha 2 power in the right inferior temporal cortex. Further, decreased alpha 1 power in the left OFC correlated with reduced subjective difficulty during the divided attention condition. One possibility is that the brain activity changed as the effect of ATT practice, although this study cannot confirm causality. Further studies are required which include a control group that would complete similar training without the ATT task.


  • Relationship between depression, rumination, worry and executive function from the view point of metacognitive therapy


    Japanese Journal of Behavioral Medicine   25 ( 2 ) 207 - 215  2020.12  [Refereed]  [Domestic journal]

    Authorship:Last author


  • Development of the Metacognitive Beliefs about Maladaptive Coping Behavior Scale and Examination of its Reliability and Validity

    FUJISHIMA Yuma, IKEDA Hiroto, UMEDA Ayumi, TAKAHASHI Eriko, TOMITA Nozomi, KUMANO Hiroaki

    Japanese Journal of Behavioral Medicine   25 ( 2 ) 227 - 235  2020.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Last author


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Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • 実践!マインドフルネスDVD-体験に気づき、反応を止め、パターンから抜け出す理論と実践

    熊野宏昭( Part: Sole author)


  • ストレスに負けない!心のストレッチ-はじめてのマインドフルネス.


    NHK出版  2017

  • 実践!マインドフルネス-今この瞬間に気づき青空を感じるレッスン.

    熊野宏昭, 富田望, 樋沼友子, 荒木美乃里, 黒田彩加

    サンガ  2016

  • 新世代の認知行動療法.


    日本評論社  2012

  • マインドフルネスそしてACTへ-二十一世紀の自分探しプロジェクト.


    星和書店  2011

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Misc 【 display / non-display

  • 心身相関の基盤としての脳

    富田 望, 熊野宏昭

    臨床心理学   20 ( 2 )  2020.03  [Invited]

     View Summary

    本稿では,心身相関の基盤となる脳の働きについて,心身相関を研究する手段として多用されてきたストレス研究における知見を踏まえて解説を行った。 心身相関では,感覚器でストレッサーが知覚されると,大脳皮質と大脳辺縁系において認知的反応と情動的反応とがやりとりをしながら負担の程度を認識し,その信号が視床下部に伝達されていくことで末梢臓器・行動面・心理面のストレス反応が表出するという脳の経路が基盤として働いている。 心身症とうつ病や不安症はともに心身相関の観点から病態を理解できるが,脳内における病態の責任部位が異なっている。心身症を理解する上で強調される脳部位は,生体機能調節系の中枢である視床下部・下垂体である一方で,うつ病や不安症を理解する上で強調される脳部位は,大脳皮質・大脳辺縁系である。 心身症は身体疾患であるということから,内臓感覚器から入力される身体反応が心理的反応に影響を及ぼす「身心相関」の視点も重要である。 心―脳―身相関の解明が進んだことによって,うつ病や不安症を心身相関の観点から捉えやすくなった。うつ病や不安症は精神疾患であるが,どちらも様々な自律神経失調症状を呈するため,心身相関の脳内基盤を理解しておくことが重要である。


  • Mind-wandering and EEG

    Issaku Kawashima, Hiroaki Kumano

    Psychiatry   34 ( 2 ) 132 - 137  2019.02  [Invited]

  • 臨床応用を学ぶ:メタ認知療法

    富田 望, 今井正司, 熊野宏昭

    臨床心理学   18 ( 1 ) 36 - 39  2018  [Invited]

  • マインドフルネスと注意の制御

    今井正司, 富田 望, 熊野宏昭

    Clinical Neuroscience   35 ( 8 ) 934 - 937  2017  [Invited]

  • Examining the influence of cognitive fusion on experiential avoidance by using Ecological Momentary Assessment

    Hikari Honda, Taiki Shima, Yuko Ouchi, Junichi Saito, Ayaka Iwata, Toru Takahashi, Hiroaki Kumano

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY   51   128 - 129  2016.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

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Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • 中高年のこころの習慣と脳のコホート研究-精神的健康の予測と改善を目指して

    Project Year :


  • Using attentional function to detecting early stage of mental illness and recovery from it

    Project Year :


  • An Empirical Research on the Buddhist Meditaion(zhiguan) and Mindfulness by Cooperation of Buddhism, Psychology and Brain Science

    Project Year :


  • The self-focused attention and the threat monitoring in social anxiety: Optimization of the intervention to attentional dysfunction.

    Project Year :


     View Summary

    First, we developed subjective and objective measurements of self-focused attention and threat monitoring for social anxiety. It was revealed that the hyperactivity in the frontopolar area is an objective measurement of self-focused attention, whereas hyperactivity in the superior temporal gyrus is an objective measurement of external attention. Second, we investigated the mechanism of the "Situational Attentional Refocusing (SAR)" that is an intervention for threat monitoring. It was suggested that the change of metacognition to threat monitoring is important for the SAR. Finally, we revised the Attention Training Technique (ATT) to improve the self-focused attention in social anxiety and investigated its effect. As a result, the score of the fear of social situation and the rumination about social situation were significantly decreased only in the group treated by the revised ATT

  • Development of a Package of Dementia Support Programs based on Multi-generational Approach

    Project Year :


     View Summary

    [Purpose]This research aimed to develop a package of multi-generational programs to support people with dementia(PWD).[Method]Questionnaires were mailed to citizens age 40 and older. A package of six action research studies was conducted: implementing a series of lectures and workshops ; delivering a study program in elementary schools; organizing a volunteer group;collaborating regular meetings of community care professionals; delivering mindfulness therapy for caregivers; and intervening to in old apartments. The Social Capital Scale administrated at baseline and at 24 months. [Results] The respondents in the follow-up survey confirmed the decline of the ratio of participants in community activities; however the increased ratio of people who hoped to help neighbors was statistically significant.[Conclusion] Multi-generational education programs,including volunteer placement and support, must encourage residents to join activities to help PWD and their families

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Specific Research 【 display / non-display

  • 中高年のこころの習慣と脳のコホート研究-精神的健康の予測と改善を目指して

    2020   高橋徹

     View Summary

    早稲田大学の卒業生を対象としたコホート研究のための準備を進めた。具体的には、脳の変化を媒介して高い幸福度をもたらすと想定している心の習慣であるマインドフルネスを簡便に測定する尺度の開発を行った。マインドフルネスとは、現在の体験にありのままに気づく心のあり方であり、Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaireなどの自己評定尺度で測定するのが主流であるが、39項目と比較的項目数が多く負担があるという問題があった。特に、本研究課題のコホート研究は、その他にも多くの測定を実施するため、少しでも負担を減らすことが重要であることから、項目数を削減した短縮版の開発を行った。

  • 社交不安症における自己注目と脅威モニタリング:注意制御不全への介入方法の最適化

    2019   富田望

     View Summary


  • うつ病の病態維持に関る前頭葉機能異常と注意制御機能訓練の治療効果


     View Summary

     本研究の進捗状況としては、注意訓練(Attention Training; ATT)課題、効果の評価課題、光トポグラフィ(NIRS)と機能性核磁気共鳴画像(fMRI)のそれぞれを用いた実験のプロトコールを作成し、予備的検討を続けてきた。また、本研究の基礎になる観点を総説論文の形にまとめ、『心身相関医学の最新知識』に発表した。 ATT課題では、音源を複数用意し、研究従事者及び大学院生に聞き取りやすさ等を調査し、適切な音源を作成した。また、予備実験として、大学生を対象とした介入実験を行った。実験は、統制期間10日間、介入期間10日間とし、ATTを行う前には心理教育を実施した。介入期間には被験者にホームワークを課し、ATTを1日15分行うように伝えた。そして、ATTを行った時間・場所・周囲の状況・集中度・雑念が浮かんだ時の対処法の記入も求めた。結果は、抑うつには効果はみられなかったものの、反芻には有意な改善がみられた。抑うつに効果がみられなかったことに関しては、介入期間の短さや、元々の抑うつの低さが原因として考えられた。 NIRS用の評価課題としては、注意制御機能の3 つのコンポーネント(注意の選択、転換、分割)の測定が可能となる両耳分離聴課題を作成している。作成に当たっては、研究従事者及び大学院生に課題の難易度、聴覚刺激の聞き取りやすさ等に関する意見を求め、修正を繰り返している。fMRI用の評価課題としては、脳機能レベルで両耳分離聴課題(上記とは別課題)、PASATを、行動レベルでEmotional Distraction課題を作成した。後者については、情動刺激を選定し、プログラムの改良と予備実験を繰り返している。両耳分離聴課題とPASATについては、fMRIを用いた予備実験を5名実施した結果に基づいて課題を改良し、再度、課題やプロトコールの評価のために予備実験を10名について実施することを予定している。現在、6名実施し、結果の整理、分析を随時実施している。 以上の成果を踏まえて提出した研究計画が、平成25年~27年度の基盤研究(C)に採択されたので、予備実験の結果を踏まえてこれから本実験に取り掛かる予定である。


Syllabus 【 display / non-display

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