UCHIDA, Akiko

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of International Research and Education, School of International Liberal Studies

Job title

Professor

Concurrent Post 【 display / non-display

  • Faculty of Political Science and Economics   Graduate School of Political Science

  • Affiliated organization   Global Education Center

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • The University of Tokyo   B.Sc.

  • 東京大学   理学士

  • The University of Tokyo   M.Sc.

  • 東京大学   理学修士

  • Havard University   AM

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Professional Memberships 【 display / non-display

  •  
     
     

    日本進化学会

 

Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Physical anthropology   人類進化

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • Evolution, Biology, Anthropology

Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Commentary: Human Evolution and Constructive Approaches to Language Evolution

    UCHIDA Akiko

    Journal of The Society of Instrument and Control Engineers   53 ( 9 ) 865 - 866  2016

    CiNii

  • リンカーンとダーウィン-それぞれの「平等」

    東京明新会会報    2013.05

  • 17th International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences

    Kanazawa Eisaku, Uchida Akiko, Kondo Osamu

    Bulletin of the Anthropological Society   121 ( 2 ) 113 - 116  2013

    CiNii

  • 言語の進化=生き方の進化という観点から

        133 - 160  2012.03

  • (巻頭言)人間による人間の科学

    内田亮子

    日本生命倫理学会ニューズレター   44   1  2010.04

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Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • 進化でわかる人間行動の事典

    小田亮;橋彌 和秀;大坪 庸介;平石界(編)( Part: Contributor, 食べる p.163-167)

    朝倉書店  2021.05

  • 進化と暴走 : ダーウィン「種の起源」を読み直す

    内田亮子( Part: Sole author)

    現代書館  2020.01 ISBN: 9784768410189

  • 宇宙には、だれかいますか? : 科学者18人にお尋ねします。

    縣秀彦, 佐藤勝彦(編)( Part: Other, 対談 知的生命は旅を続けるのか. 縣, 秀彦;佐藤, 勝彦;内田, 亮子 (p.118-136))

    河出書房新社  2017.02 ISBN: 9784309253619

  • 生命をつなげる進化のふしぎー生物人類学への招待

    単著, 内田亮子

    筑摩書房  2008.10

  • 人類はどのように進化したか-生物人類学の現在

    単著, 内田亮子

    勁草書房  2007.01

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Other 【 display / non-display

  • Public Lecture (Dr. Jane Goodall, DBE) - Organizer

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    Dr. Jane Goodall, DBE Public Lecture - Organizer- 2007/11/13 (Sponser: SILS, JGI-J ,WAVOC)

  • Dr. Jane Goodall, DBE Public Lecture - Organizer- 2007/11/13 (Sponser: SILS, JGI-J ,WAVOC)

Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • Variation of salivary steroid hormone values in Japanese

    Project Year :

    2000
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  • Variation and ageing pattern of free steroid hormone levels among Japanese

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    Salivary testosterone levels were analyzed for 15-90 year-old-Japanese in order to understand the variability and ageing patterns. Findings are as follows :1) The variation in salivary free testosterone levels (T) among Japanese for the both sexes is significant.2) The aging pattern in T among Japanese males is different from those of hunter-gatherers in showing a significant decrease from 20s to 40s. But it is also different from those of western industrialized countries in not showing any significant decrease after 40 years old.3) Decrease in diurnal fluctuation which has been know to be common among old men in the western countries was not significant among Japanese males. There are many 60-70 year-old males who show significant diurnal T-fluctuation. Probably they maintain healthy neuro-endocrinological systems.4) There is no clear association found between mental rotation scores and free testosterone levels for both sexes, except that males with extremely low testosterone levels scored high.5) There is a positive association between Mini-Mental-State and free T in 90-year-old males

  • Behavioral genetic study on higher order mental functions by twin method.

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    The main results on research implementation / management are as follows.(1) Expansion of a twins registry : Complete-address investigation of the twins of an area was conducted from the basic resident register focusing on mainly Kanagawa and Chiba Prefecture, the address list (registry) was expanded, and 9000 sets of data was obtained. Thereby the base for big twins research which covers the main areas of Tokyo and the adjoining prefecture was improved.(2) Expansion and maintenance of a twin sample : it appealed for the participation to investigation based on the above-mentioned registry, about 500 sets of adolescence twins' new sample was newly obtained, and the number of twins subjects exceeded 800 sets. Moreover, data was collected also from the parents of the twins concerning a rearing and a societal attitude also from the parents who cooperated until now. Thereby, the research on the structure of the heredity about the transfer in a family of a rearing attitude or a societal attitude and environment was attained.(3) Addition of data and collect ion : From the old sample, the new data of event related potential (ERP), working memory, response time, and an individualized intelligence test (WAIS) were obtained. Moreover, from the new sample, the data about the zygosity diagnosis and the various personalities in question paper, eating behavior, etc. came to hand reliable model search of hereditability and the structure of heredity and environment. Model fitting by structural equation modeling was performed for these analyses.(4) Development of a brain-wave analysis program, an improvement of brain-waves measurement environment : development of the special brain-waves analysis program which suited the present measurement situation installed the shield room for exact brain-waves measurement. Although this was because it was obliged to move the place of a laboratory which performs brain-waves measurement for convenience' sake [unexpected], it will contribute to an improvement of experiment conditions as a result

  • Eco-ethology of West-African Chimpanzees and Other Primates

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    1. During this study period, we found the following three new examples of tool use among wild chimpanzees at the main study area of Bossou, Guinea : l) Algae-scooping ; Chimpanzees use sticks approximately 50 cm long to scoop and ingest algae (pond scum) floating in ponds. Ghimpanzees select thin, light grasses or stems of ferns as sticks, and they remove hampering side-branches before utilizing them. Holding them in one hand, they extend the processed sticks as far as possible from the edge of ponds to scoop algae. 2) Leaf-cushion ; Chimpanzees arrange several large leaves on the ground and sit on them when the ground is moist in order to avoid getting wet. 3) Termite-fishing ; Chimpanzees insert thin stems of grasses into holes of termite mounds after breaking open the surface of the latter. Termites bite the intruding stems, and are thus lifted out of the mounds and subsequently eaten by chimpanzees retracting the stems. Termite, -fishing is widespread among chimpanzees in Gombe, East Africa, but it has rarely been seen in West Africa. Our observations of Algae-scooping and Leaf-cushion constitute the first ever reports of these newly-found tools among wild chimpanzees. These discoveries lead to a claim that chimpanzees at Bossou have the largest repertoire of tools among all wild communities studied. There have so far been a total of 27 tools observed among wild chimpanzees, 18 of which can be seen at Bossou. We are now conducting an analysis of ecological factors to explain why chimpanzees at Bossou use such a large number of tools.2. We measured the study site and made a survey map for the basis of research. We also investigated the flora of Bossou, the availability of main fruits, and their seasonal changes. This data was used to analyze the correlation between seasonal changes in fruit availability and the frequency of tool use. The latter analysis is now beginning to indicate that chimpanzees frequently use tools during fruit scarcity to gain access to foods that could not be acquired otherwise.3. We observed parturition in a l0.5-year-old female. This fact along with accumulated data on population dynamics demonstrate that in wild chimpanzees at Bossou, the age of primiparity is lower and the inter-birth interval shorter than previously reported from East Africa

  • 現生大型類人猿の種内変異分析と種間比較によるヒト上科歯形態進化の検討

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    現生大型類人猿4種(Pongo pygmaeus,Gorilla gorilla,Pan troglodytes,Pan paniscus)の下顎大臼歯の形態について、種内変異の程度とそのパターンを分析した後、種独特の形態が存在するのかを検討した。また、現生種グループと、中新世化石ヒト上科属するインド・パキスタン出土Sivapithecusと、ケニア出土Proconsulとの比較分析を行った。形態情報としては、下顎第1大臼歯咬頭面の写真を画像解析して計測した咬頭面積およびそのプロポーションを使用した。現生種4種の種内変異の程度はさまざまで、Pongo pygmaeusでは,集団間変異が亜種間変異に相当する。使用したサンプルに観察された種内変異では、Gorilla gorillaが一番変異が著しく、Pan paniscusの変異が小さい。しかしながら、4種それぞれが、種独特の形態を示すことが明らかになった。即ち、サイズが大きく異なる雌雄で形態が類似し、また、亜種間の変異が大きい種も他種と比べて、一定の形態パターンを示す。これは、多変量解析(主成分分析、分散分析)の結果から明らかである。また、歯の部位によって、種内変異が大きい部分と種間変異が大きい部分が、異なることがわかった。この違いには、歯の発生・形成の時期と関係が影響している可能性がある。更に、現生種全体が、化石種グループとは異なる形態を示す。特に、その違いは近心部と遠心部の咬頭のプロポーションの差に顕著である。現生種は化石種にくらべ、いずれも、近心の咬頭の割合が大きい。この結果から、咬頭面の形態パターンが系統的関係をある程度反映することが示唆された

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Presentations 【 display / non-display

  • Human Evolution and Language

    Akiko Uchida  [Invited]

    Presentation date: 2018.12

  • Human Evolution and Runaway

     [Invited]

    Presentation date: 2018.10

  • Human Evolution and Runaway

    Akiko Uchida  [Invited]

    Presentation date: 2018.09

  • The Trouble with Symbol: Symbolic Behavior and Human Evolution

    Akiko Uchida, Terrence W. Deacon

    Behavior 2017  (Estoril) 

    Presentation date: 2017.08

  • Evolution of the Human Mind and Body

    Akiko Uchida  [Invited]

    Presentation date: 2017.06

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Specific Research 【 display / non-display

  • 言語の起源・進化・多様性への人類学的アプローチ

    2015  

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    研究課題「言語の起源・進化・多様性への人類学的アプローチ」について国内および海外の共同研究者(言語学、霊長類学、考古学、文化人類学、社会進化学、認知神経科学の専門家)と研究体制および研究構想を検討し、科研費申請の準備を次の3項目について行った。a. 共同研究者の各専門分野での言語進化の考え方および仮説検討の方法ついて意見交換、b.理論言語学および生物言語学の近年の学術書と論文を精査し人類進化学との整合性を考察、c. 人類および現生大型類人猿の道具製作・使用における言語を可能とする認知機能との関係性をメタ分析するためにデータ収集。

  • 言語の起源・進化・多様性の生物学的基盤

    2014  

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    本特定課題の代表はH26年度新学術領域研究応募「進化言語学の確立と推進:人間言語の起源・進化の共生的理解にむけて」(領域代表 藤田耕司 京大)の生物学分野の計画研究代表で、H27年度応募「共生に基づく進化言語学の創成と革新的発展」(同領域代表)の計画研究「言語の起源・進化・多様性への人類学的アプローチ」の代表である。本課題への助成により、領域代表者、新たに参加する研究分担者そして海外共同研究者との打合せおよび研究内容調整を有効に実施できた。その結果、H27年度応募は改良・強化した領域・計画研究体制とで望み、昨年度同様ヒアリング対象となり、より実効性および発展性の高い研究計画調書を作成できた。

Overseas Activities 【 display / non-display

  • 言語創発の生物学的基盤

    2016.04
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    2016.09

    アメリカ合衆国   ハーバード大学

    アメリカ合衆国   カリフォルニア大学バークレー校

  • ライフヒストリーにみる人類進化

    2011.04
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    2011.09

    アメリカ   Harvard University

 

Syllabus 【 display / non-display

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Social Activities 【 display / non-display

  • 放送大学

    放送大学 

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    2004年度 講義:心の科学ー人類学的視点から(波田野誼余夫氏と共に出演)