Updated on 2022/12/04

写真a

 
HITOMI, Takeshi
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Law, Waseda Law School
Job title
Professor

Concurrent Post

  • Faculty of Law   School of Law

  • Faculty of Law   Graduate School of Law

  • Faculty of Science and Engineering   Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering

Education

  •  
    -
    1984.03

    Tokyo Metropolitan University   Graduate School, Division of Social Sciences  

  •  
    -
    1982.03

    Waseda University   Faculty of Law  

Degree

  • 博士

Research Experience

  • 2010.04
    -
    Now

    RIKKYO UNIVERSITY   Law School   Professor

  •  
     
     

    Rikkyo University Law School   Professor

 

Research Areas

  • Public law

Research Interests

  • administrative law

Research Projects

  • 人口減少社会における生活保障のあり方-原発被災地復興支援を題材に-

    Project Year :

    2016.04
    -
    2019.03
     

     View Summary

    3年計画の初年度として、「住民の生活保障のあり方」班(菊池馨実・長谷川珠子〔連携研究者〕・川久保寛〔連携研究者〕)、「行政サービスのあり方」班(岡田正則・人見剛)、「賠償問題」班(須網隆夫・井上航〔研究協力者〕)では、それぞれ福島県内の被災地・避難地に赴き、行政担当者等からのヒアリングを行った。その成果として、2016年11月5日(土)、福島大学において、シンポジウム「帰還後の生活保障体制の整備に向けて」を、福島大学行政政策学類の協力を得て開催した。浪江町・楢葉町・富岡町の福祉・介護担当者からの報告の後、福島県・復興庁の担当者を含めた議論を行った。また研究分担者である人見・須網とともに、福島大学西田奈保子准教授からの研究報告を得て、学術的見地からの議論も行った。翌11月6日(日)には、同じく福島大学において、「原発被災地復興における事業者・支援者の現状と課題」と題する研究会を開催した。帰還地域で特別養護老人ホームを再開した施設長、町外で事業展開を進めている障害者福祉事業者、精神保健福祉士会などの職能団体の代表者、本研究の研究協力者である井上などによる報告の後、一橋大学猪飼周平教授のコーディネートによるディスカッションを行った。同年12月4日(日)には、早稲田大学において、シンポジウム「帰還後の生活保障体制の整備に向けて」を行った。基調報告として、帝京大学山川充夫教授による「原子力災害被災地の復興計画と帰還問題」と題する報告の後、本研究の研究分担者である人見・須網による報告を行い、ディスカッションを行った。以上のように、現地での調査の傍ら、3回にわたるシンポジウム・公開研究会を行い、一般市民やマスコミ等の関心を惹く活動を行った点で、初年度にもかかわらず大きな成果を挙げたものと考える。町内帰還に関する現地調査に関しては、菊池・須網を中心に、浪江町を中心に、楢葉町・富岡町ともコンタクトをとることができ、シンポジウムへの3町代表者の参加にこぎ着けた点で、予定通りの進捗状況である。福島県や復興庁の協力も得られている点では予想以上の進捗とも言うことができる。年度初めに研究代表者・研究分担者の打ち合わせを行った後、年度内中盤に研究進捗報告会は行えなかったものの(研究分担者の打ち合わせは行った)、福島大学におけるシンポジウム及び研究会、その後、早稲田大学におけるシンポジウムと、3回にわたる研究成果の発表の場を設けることができた点では、当初の予想以上の進捗ということもできる。2017年3月31日に浪江町、同年4月1日に富岡町の避難指示が解除され、両町では本格的な帰還が開始された。既に2015年9月に帰還を開始した楢葉町を含め、今年度は福島県浜通りを中心とした調査活動となることが予想される。帰還に伴い、自治体としての対応も、次第に二重の住民票問題、賠償問題から生活基盤の構築に移行するものと思われる。本研究の焦点も、自ずとそうした実態に合わせたものに調整していく必要がある。今年度は、帰還に伴い、7月22日に早稲田大学で上記3町の担当者を招いたシンポジウムを行うことがほぼ決定している。また昨年度に引き続き、11月に、福島で生活保障関連のシンポジウムを開催するとともに、12月ないし1月に、早稲田大学で行政・賠償問題関連のシンポジウムを開催する予定である。次年度使用額は少額にとどまるため、全体としての使用計画には特段修正の必要を認めない

  • Relocation of state administration in interdependence network of governance - reconsideration and revival of "modern administrative law"

    Project Year :

    2014.04
    -
    2017.03
     

     View Summary

    Regarding the significance of network theory in administrative law, firstly we investigated the theoretical trends in Germany and the United States. Next, various areas such as measures for the poor, town planning by the residents, response to the shrinking of the city, relations between local governments, network phenomena beyond the nation in procurement contracts were examined. This research revealed that there is a phenomenon that needs analysis by network theory, because it can not be clarified by conventional hierarchy models and public and private collaborative models. In addition, we examine the significance, limitations and problems of network theory for general theory of administrative law

  • Legal study of the locally autonomous, regionally cooperative and multi-layered disaster resilient system construction.

    Project Year :

    2013.04
    -
    2016.03
     

     View Summary

    Strategies to reduce the damages by disasters are envisaged in the direction to strengthen disaster local resilience. It is a challenge to build a legal system on disaster prevention organization. In response to the phase and the cycle of disaster, "mitigation → preparation → response → recovery → mitigation →… " , to reduce the damage immediately after the disaster, an autonomous separated activities of communities are important. Community disaster prevention plan should ensure this autonomous activity of the communities. And it is essential to build the residents organization and train them. Following this phase, the response by collaboration and cooperation between municipalities, prefectures and nation are important. Cooperated responses are possible only after these sectors have common unified codes of command, standards and organization like Incident Command System of United States

  • A Paradigm Conversion of the Japanese Local Government Law System

    Project Year :

    2011.04
    -
    2014.03
     

     View Summary

    The main achievements of this project have been as follows: (1) Through an examination of key concepts --; such as “residents” and “residency” --; as well as international comparison, this research re-examined several fundamental premises of Japanese local government law from their origins. (2) The naïve assumption that changing the institutional system changes the reality has been tacitly accepted under the simple scheme that “centralization is bad” and “decentralization is good”, and this research identifies several conditions enabling a better understanding of the negative points of decentralization and enhancing such reform.Regarding concrete research achievements of this project, in addition to the publications of papers by project members, a total of four booklets to disseminate the research to the public will be published (two are published and the other two will be published by August 2015). Moreover, three edited volumes, will be published in early 2016

  • Legal study of division of roles between the state and civil society with the focus on public-private-partnership in specific administrative areas

    Project Year :

    2011.04
    -
    2014.03
     

     View Summary

    While taking a survey of public-private-partnership(PPP) in individual administrative areas, we were studying the general doctrine on PPP. The theory of extension of public law norms to PPP which occurred through the so-called privatization ("Security State" theory to request a re-regulation and "Private Administrative Law" theory) is required to be other doctrine in the area of supporting the young people, such as withdrawal people and NEET. Doctrine of PPP as the assistance that respects the way to a spontaneous collaboration of private people each other is necessary in such a area. On the oter hand, the subsidiarity principle which request generally private initiative must not be generalized in the view of current status of the re-municipalization in Germany

  • Non-profit Organizations, Local Governments, and Subsidiarity Principles With Regard to Housing Welfare Law

     View Summary

    First, the annexation movement all over Japan in Heisei-Era has been critically reexamined with regard to housing welfare law: the merits and demerits of annexation of local governments are broadly analyzed in terms of housing welfare property, focusing on local governments that reject this global movement.In addition, how to revitalize the local community is the focal point of this research project. In Hokkaido, many local governments, most prominently Yubari city, suffer from financial bankruptcy issues, and the community economic development has been seriously needed.Secondly, how the damaged local governments should recover from the natural disasters with the subsidiary help of central governments has also been the related topic of this research, since many earthquakes, especially in Niigata Prefecture and Noto peninsula, hit regional areas seriously in this term.Third, various non-profit organizations as the actors for the new community economic developments in regional area, have been taken close-up. Some of them overtake the administrative services, and play important roles in the areas of the health services for the elderly, nursery schools for the working women, job trainings especially for jobless or handicapped people, and low-income housing etc. The new legislation for those organizations and their non-divided property scheme is also the topic of this research.Fourth, the internationalization of local government law in the context of globalization has also been the important current issue and will be continually examined in the future

  • The legal issue accompanying institutionalization of PPP and the method of dispute settlement

     View Summary

    The means of new problem solving came to be searched which local self-governent have so far borne, because criticism came out to the public service. It is origins that the needs from a user is diversify and on the other hand, the financial situation is failure. "Public Pribate Partnership (PPP)" which provides high quality service on the basis of economical, efficiency and efficiency is one of new these means. PPP attacked attention and has been institutionalized with various forms. However, introduction of the "PPP" as means was accompanied by various problems, such as maintenance of right protection and the public service of a user. Then, we arranged the legal examination subject and examined the means of dispute settlement

  • Research of Socially Inclusive Disaster Recovery Law : Related to Compensation, Housing Welfare, and Local Revitalization

     View Summary

    Disaster recovery policy following events such as earthquakes, floods and volcanoes, and the revitalization of the devastated area, are enormous challenges in Japan, and this research intends to provide a critical reappraisal of the field. This is necessary because from a comparative law perspective issues of living welfare and housing have been neglected most in Japan among the developed countries

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Specific Research

  • 地方自治法制における補完性原則の意義と機能

    2014  

     View Summary

     まず、日本における近年の分権改革の文脈における「補完性原則」の援用の模様を、経済界、政界、官界の諸領域においてフォローを行い、特に、2001年の地方分権推進委員会中間報告以降の政府関係文書における「補完性原則」の用いられ方に着目した。そこでの同原則の援用に対する学界での批判論をサーベイし、特に断固した批判論においては反福祉国家・新自由主義のイデオロギーであるとの批判もある。しかし、欧米特にドイツにおける分厚い学問的蓄積を踏まえれば、それはやや一面的に過ぎる把握であり、「補完性原則」の概念は、より慎重な考究を要する概念であるという認識のもと、主にドイツの近年の地方自治論における「補完性」概念・原則の検討を進めてきた。

Overseas Activities

  • 行政行為の公定力の客観的範囲の研究、及びドイツ地方自治法制の現代的課題の研究

    2019.10
    -
    2020.03

    ドイツ   マンハイム大学

 

Syllabus

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