Updated on 2024/07/14

Affiliation
Affiliated organization, Waseda Institute for Advanced Study
Job title
Assistant Professor(non-tenure-track)
Degree
Ph.D. (Public Administration) ( 2020.09 Shanghai Jiao Tong University )
Profile

My research is centered on the intersection social welfare policy, gerontology, sociology, and public health. 

I am particularly interested in unraveling the intricacies of pluralistic policy networks involving individuals, families, governments, civil society, and corporations.

Driven by a keen interest, my recent researches focus on comparative studies of family caregivers, the policy process of social welfare policies, and community-based integrated care in China and Japan. 

Research Experience

  • 2024.04
    -
    Now

    Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Geriatrics and Gerontology   The Center for Promoting Dementia Support   Adjunct researcher

  • 2024.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Waseda Institue for Advanced Study   Assistant professor

  • 2023.08
    -
    Now

    Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Geriatrics and Gerontology   Welfare and Life Care Research Team   Adjunct researcher

  • 2023.04
    -
    Now

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies   lecturer

  • 2020.11
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Institute of International Education Cooperation   Adjunct researcher

  • 2023.04
    -
    2024.03

    The University of Electro-Communications   Adjunct lecturer

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Education Background

  • 2013.09
    -
    2020.09

    Shanghai Jiao Tong University   School of International and Public Affairs   Ph.D. of Public Administration  

  • 2017.09
    -
    2018.09

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies  

  • 2014.09
    -
    2015.03

    Vrije Universiteit Brussel  

  • 2009.09
    -
    2013.06

    Wuhan University   School of Political Science and Public Administration   B.A. of Law-International Relations  

  • 2009.06
    -
    2013.06

    Wuhan University   School of foreign languages and literature   B.A. of Literature- French  

Professional Memberships

  •  
     
     

    Association for Asian Studies

  •  
     
     

    The Gerontological Society of America

Research Areas

  • Social psychology   老年学、老年心理学、地域保健、態度と行動 / Area studies   東アジア、ジェンダー / Social welfare   高齢者福祉、障がい者福祉、地域社会、地域福祉 / Politics   公共政策、政治過程論、政治参加

Research Interests

  • Community-based integrated care

  • Healthcare and welfare system (Long-term care, Adult guardianship system, etc.)

  • Policy Process of Social Welfare Policies

  • Civil Society & Collaborative Governance

Awards

  • Outstanding presentation award

    2023.06   IAGG Asia/Oceania Regional Congress 2023  

  • The 3rd Xia Shuzhang National “Outstanding doctoral dissertation nomination award” in Public Administration (Top-10 in 2020-2023)

    2023.05   “How Policy Network Influence Policy Outcome: Research based on the ICT Policy to Increase Employment and Entrepreneurship for People with Disability of T City”

  • Second Prize

    2019.07   The 5th National PhD. Forum on City Governance, China  

  • First Prize

    2019.07   Peking University   The 4th Peking University Ph.D. Forum on Elderly Health

  • Research Travel Grants

    2018.07   Santander Universities Award of Doctoral College Conference 2018, United Kingdom  

  • China Scholarship Council Scholarship (Joint Scholarship Program with Waseda University)

    2017.09   China Scholarship Council  

  • Second Prize

    2017.07   The 3rd National Ph.D. Forum on City Governance, China  

  • Asem-Duo Scholarship (DUO-Belgium/Flanders)

    2015.03   Asia-Europe Vision Group  

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Papers

  • Helping the Elderly Live Better With Dementia: Recent Developments in Japan’s Adult Guardianship System and Its Role in Geriatric Social Work Practice

    Jiyuan Zhang, Zi Yan

    Journal of Disability Policy Studies    2024.02  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Corresponding author

     View Summary

    With the rapid aging of Japanese society and increasing concerns over the welfare of people with psychiatric disorders, intellectual disability, and dementia, a renewed adult guardianship system based on the notion of respect for self-determination, the practical use of one’s remaining abilities, and re-socialization, has now been in place for 20 years. Japanese adult guardianship practices are understudied in English language literature; thus, this article presents an overview of recent developments in Japan’s adult guardianship system and geriatric social work initiatives adopted in Japan’s adult guardianship practice. The authors found that the guardianship system not only helped the elderly live better with dementia but also contributed to the realization of “ageing in place” in the community-based integrated care system.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • Blessing or curse: the role of authoritarian filial piety and self-efficacy in caregiver gains among Chinese family caregivers caring for physically impaired older adults

    Jiyuan Zhang, Xin Sun, Zi Yan

    BMC Geriatrics   24 ( 1 )  2024.02  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Corresponding author

     View Summary

    Abstract

    Background

    This study investigated the effects of authoritarian filial piety (AFP) and caregiver self-efficacy on the caregiving experience of adult children of physically impaired older adults. Socio-cultural stress and coping model was applied to test the influence of AFP on caregiver gains.

    Methods

    A total of 601 Chinese adult children caregivers and care-recipient dyads participated in this cross-sectional study in 2021. Four instruments were used to collect data: the 4-item Zarit Burden Interview, Positive Aspects of Caregiving Scale, Caregiver Task Inventory Scale, and Authoritarian Filial Piety Scale. All mediation and moderated mediation effects were estimated using SPSS 26.0.

    Results

    Caregiver self-efficacy was found to not only mediate but also help family caregivers convert their burden into positive gains. AFP moderates the association between caregiver burden and self-efficacy, as well as between caregiver burden and caregiver gains.

    Conclusions

    This study provides valuable insights into filial piety, elucidating AFP’s comprehensive impact on cognitive appraisals of caregiving. Culturally sensitive psychoeducational therapy, addressing AFP expectations and boosting caregiver self-efficacy, is recommended to enhance positive caregiving outcomes.

    DOI

    Scopus

    1
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Voluntary Guardianship Notarization: China’s Legal Remedy to Support Self-determination and Decision-making for Incapacitated Older Adults

    Zi Yan

    Intercultural Relations   7 ( 2(14) ) 92 - 105  2023.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

     View Summary

    In lieu of a comprehensive adult guardianship law, voluntary guardianship notarization has become the main route to support the self-determination, autonomy, and decision-making of incapacitated older adults in China. This article is a first attempt to provide an overview of recent developments and current forms of voluntary guardianship notarization initiatives in mainland China. Besides highlighting the difficulties and challenges faced by the country, this article also outlines the types of guardians under the current legal framework, identifies the social functions of the notary office in adult guardianship socialization, and sets out the emerging initiatives to support decision making for incapacitated older adults.

    DOI

  • HOW FILIAL PIETY INFLUENCES THE LINKS BETWEEN ELDER ABUSE, SOCIAL WELL-BEING, AND DEPRESSION AMONG CHINESE SENIORS

    Xin SUN, Zi YAN

    Innovation in Aging    2023.12

    Authorship:Corresponding author

  • HELPING SENIORS AGING IN PLACE: ADULT GUARDIANSHIP AND ITS ROLE IN GERIATRIC SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE IN CHINA AND JAPAN

    Zi Yan

    Innovation in Aging   7 ( Supplement_1 ) 901 - 901  2023.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

     View Summary

    Abstract

    As the most aging society in East Asia, a renewed adult guardianship system for the idea of respect for self-determination, practical use of remaining abilities, and re-socialization have been practiced in Japan for 20 years. While, compared with Japan, in lieu of a comprehensive adult guardianship regime, not until 2017, voluntary guardianship notarization has become the main alternative for supported decision-making and self-determination for incapacitated adults and a tool for mitigating the social risks of the frail elderly in China. Based on secondary data and semi-structured interviews, this study is the first attempt that demonstrates a comprehensive comparison of the recent developments and current forms of adult guardianship initiatives in mainland China and Japan. Besides highlighting the difficulties and challenges faced by these two countries, this article also outlined the types of guardians under their current legal framework, identified the social functions of guardians, the notary office in adult guardianship socialization, and the emerging geriatric social work initiatives adopted. The geriatric social work practices in China and Japan’s adult guardianship point in particular toward the potential provocativeness: adult guardianship in the eastern context—a context marked by a strict family system that emphasizes the virtues of filial piety and discourages outside intervention in family matters. As the number of people with dementia is projected to reach 82 million in 2030, China and Japan’s experience potentially holds wide significance for countries that lack substantial policies and programs for caring for the frail elderly.

    DOI

  • Burdened but Meaningful?: How Gender Role Attitudes Influence the Complex Links between Care-giver Self-Efficacy, Formal Support Utilisation and Benefit-Finding among Spousal Care-givers

    Zi Yan, Jiyuan Zhang, Xin Sun

    The British Journal of Social Work (Oxford University Press)   54 ( 1 ) 124 - 146  2023.08  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

     View Summary

    Abstract

    To foster family caregiving resilience, helping care-givers find benefits to further promoting care-giver and care-recipient well-being has emerged as an efficacious intervention in geriatric social work practice. This cross-sectional mixed-methods study investigates how gender role attitudes influence the complex associations between care-giver self-efficacy, formal support utilisation and benefit-finding among spousal care-givers. A total of 210 spousal care-giver/care-recipient dyads from four Chinese cities participated in a survey from July to August 2021. The survey used the Positive Aspects of Caregiving Scale, Caregiver Task Inventory Scale and Gender Role Attitude Scale. Mediation and moderated mediation analysis found that care-giver self-efficacy partially mediated the path of the primary stressor and benefit-finding; formal support utilisation directly moderated the mediated pathways linking primary stressor, care-giver self-efficacy and benefit-finding; and gender role attitudes moderated these intersections. Qualitative analysis revealed that spousal care-givers with high self-efficacy, who used formal support services, and who had modern gender role attitudes found the most benefits in caregiving. The findings also suggested that professionals should recognise the influence of gender role attitudes in spousal caregiving and incorporate this understanding into the development of tailored psychoeducational interventions aimed at promoting care-giver well-being.

    DOI

    Scopus

    1
    Citation
    (Scopus)
  • Adult Guardianship under Aging Society: Development Experience and Enlightenment of Japan’s Adult Guardianship System

    Jiyuan Zhang, Zi Yan, Shinya Saisho

    Academic Research   10   106 - 112  2021.10  [Refereed]

  • Gender Role Attitudes and Values toward Caring for Older Adults in Contemporary China, Japan, and South Korea: Evidence from a Cross-sectional Survey.

    Journal of Asian Sociology   50 ( 3 ) 431 - 464  2021  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • Is the Policy Value Concept Mismatched with the Policy Tool? A Quantitative Analysis of China’s Employment Policy Texts for Disabled People during 1978-2018

    Zi Yan, Xiaoyi Zhang

    Population & Development   26 ( 4 ) 86 - 100  2020.07  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Coordination Innovation: Government-Society Interaction in Social Assistance Scheme—Based on In-depth Case Analysis of Different Resources Endowments

    Zi Yan, Jianfeng Huang, Xiaoyi Zhang

    Chinese Public Polices Review.   11 ( 6 ) 114 - 127  2020.05  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Underpinning Social Security Mechanism from the Perspective of Synergetic Governance: On the Coupling Mechanism of Structural Synergy and Procedural Synergy

    Jianfeng Huang, Zi Yan

    Social Work & Management   20 ( 2 ) 81 - 91  2020.03  [Refereed]

  • Prone to Tradition or Modernity: Gender Ideology and Eldercare Responsibilities—Comparative Study of China, Japan and South Korea

    Zi Yan

    Public Administration Review   11 ( 6 ) 112 - 136  2018.12  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Towards Cooperative Governance: Interaction of Governments and Social Organizations in Transitional Countries— Grassroots Governance of Mahallas in Uzbekistan

    Zi Yan

    Comparative Economic & Social System   197 ( 3 ) 102 - 112  2018.05

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

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Books and Other Publications

  • 政策网络如何影响政策结果——基于 T 市残障人士“互联网+”创新创业就业试点政策的研究

    Zi YAN( Part: Sole author)

    Ph.D. Thesis  2020.09

  • Subproject of TCC6·World Bank “Targeting Mechanism of Social Assistance and the Residence Economic Status Verification System” / Low-income Families Verification Center of Ministry of Civil Affairs”

    ( Part: Joint author, International Comparison of the Targeting Mechanism in Social Assistance and its Experience)

    2018 ISBN: 7508759486

    ASIN

Presentations

  • How Cultural Values Affect the Well-being of Family Caregivers in an Aging Society

    Yan Zi  [Invited]

    WIAS Monthly Workshop 

    Presentation date: 2024.06

    Event date:
    2024.06
    -
     
  • Fill the gaps in the system: Volunteer Dementia Companions & Group for Family Caregivers in Immenstadt and Sonthofen

    ZI YAN  [Invited]

    Roundtable Dementia in Oberallgäu, Germany 

    Presentation date: 2024.05

  • Aging in Place and Community-based Integrated Care in Japan

    Yan ZI  [Invited]

    The Chinese University of Hong Kong Business Field Study Trip to Tokyo 

    Presentation date: 2024.03

    Event date:
    2024.03
    -
     
  • How to make presentations in international conference?(online training for undergraduate participants)

     [Invited]

    11th Asian Undergraduate Research Symposium( AURS11) 

    Presentation date: 2023.11

  • Beyond Filial Piety: How Intergenerational Solidarity affect Older Adults’ Willingness-to-pay Formal Care Services in China

    Zi Yan  [Invited]

    Okayama University 

    Presentation date: 2023.09

  • Burdened but Meaningful? An Examination of the Complex Links Among Gender Role Attitude, Caregiver Self-efficacy, Formal Support Utilisation and Benefit-finding in Spousal Caregivers.

    Zi Yan

    The 17th International Conference on Social Security. Xi’an. 

    Presentation date: 2023.08

  • Buffering or Deteriorating: How Filial Piety Influences the Links between Elder Abuse, Multi-dimensional Social Isolation, and Late-life Depression among Chinese Older People.

    Zi Yan, Xin Sun

    AGG Asia/Oceania Regional Congress 2023, Jun 14, 2023 

    Presentation date: 2023.06

  • Burdened but Meaningful? An Examination of the Complex Links Among Gender Role Attitude, Caregiver Self-efficacy, Formal Support Utilisation and Benefit-finding in Spousal Caregivers.

    Zi Yan

    IAGG Asia/Oceania Regional Congress 2023 

    Presentation date: 2023.06

  • Burdened but Meaningful? An Examination of the Complex Links Among Gender Role Attitude, Caregiver Self-efficacy, Formal Support Utilisation and Benefit-finding in Spousal Caregivers.

    Zi Yan

    The 9th Asian Conference on Aging & Gerontology (AGen2023) 

    Presentation date: 2023.04

  • The Last Line to Defense the Frail Elderly: A Comparative Study of the Adult Guardianship System between China and Japan.

    Zi Yan

    The18th Annual Conference of the East Asian Social Policy Research Network, online. 

    Presentation date: 2022.06

  • Solution to Safeguard the Vulnerable Elderly? The Socialization of Adult Guardianship and the Emerging Voluntary Guardianship Notarization in China.

    Zi Yan

    The 8th Asian Conference on Aging & Gerontology 

    Presentation date: 2022.03

  • Helping the Poor to Escape Poverty or Creating a Bigger Problem? The Outcome of China’s Poverty Alleviation Resettlement.

    Zi Yan

    The Asian Conference on Asian Studies (ACAS2021), Online 

    Presentation date: 2022.03

  • From State to Society: Research of the Transitional History of China’s Employment Policy for Disabled People Since the Opening-up Reform.

    Zi Yan

    The 11th Straits Forum·2019 Cross-Strait Exchange Carnival on Disability Studies. 

    Presentation date: 2019.06

  • Welfare Binding or Timely Help: How Does Special Assistance Scheme Influence the Expenditure of Vulnerable Family in China?

    Zi Yan

    Second Forum of China’s Social Security Theory and Policy 2018 

    Presentation date: 2018.11

  • Collaborative Innovation: Interaction between Government and Society in Social Assistance---Comparison of Cases Based on Heterogeneous Resource Endowment

    Zi Yan

    Global Chinese Urban Governance Symposium 

    Presentation date: 2018.11

  • Changing Gender Values and Eldercare Responsibility in Asia: Comparative Studies of China, Japan and South Korea.

    Zi Yan

    Aging & Society: Eighth Interdisciplinary Conference 2018. 

    Presentation date: 2018.09

  • A Tale of Three Countries: Changing Gender Values and Eldercare Responsibility in Asia.

    Zi Yan

    Santander Universities Award in the Doctoral College Conference 2018 

    Presentation date: 2018.07

  • Prone to Tradition or Modernity: Gender Ideology and Eldercare Responsibilities— Comparative Study of China,Japan and South Korea.

    Zi Yan

    Transitions in Chinese marriage and family during the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up. 

    Presentation date: 2018.03

  • Examining the Mechanism of Social Assistance Targeting from the Perspective of Community-capability: The Experiences of Transitional Countries.

    China’s Annual Conference of Sociology 2017 

    Presentation date: 2017.07

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Research Projects

  • An empirical investigation of the regional dementia care networks in Germany based on the comprehensive theory of integration

    Waseda University  Grant for Special Research Projects (Tokutei Kadai)

    Project Year :

    2024.06
    -
    2025.04
     

    YAN Zi

Misc

 

Teaching Experience

  • Aging and public policies in contemporary Japan

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies  

    2023.10
    -
    Now
     

  • Introduction to public policy

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies  

    2023.10
    -
    Now
     

  • Academic writing and research skills

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies  

    2023.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Aging and the life course

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies  

    2023.04
    -
    Now
     

  • Interactive English - Production

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies  

    2023.10
    -
    2024.02
     

  • Academic English for the Second Year II

    The University of Electro-Communications  

    2023.10
    -
    2024.02
     

  • Interactive English - Production

    Tokyo University of Foreign Studies  

    2023.04
    -
    2023.07
     

  • Academic English for the Second Year i

    The University of Electro-Communications  

    2023.04
    -
    2023.07
     

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