2022/03/30 更新

写真a

ヤマザキ ミキ
山崎 美輝
所属
理工学術院 大学院先進理工学研究科
職名
助手
 

論文

  • Cortical transcriptome analysis after spinal cord injury reveals the regenerative mechanism of central nervous system in CRMP2 knock-in mice.

    Ayaka Sugeno, Wenhui Piao, Miki Yamazaki, Kiyofumi Takahashi, Koji Arikawa, Hiroko Matsunaga, Masahito Hosokawa, Daisuke Tominaga, Yoshio Goshima, Haruko Takeyama, Toshio Ohshima

    Neural regeneration research   16 ( 7 ) 1258 - 1265  2021年07月  [国際誌]

     概要を見る

    Recent studies have shown that mutation at Ser522 causes inhibition of collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) phosphorylation and induces axon elongation and partial recovery of the lost sensorimotor function after spinal cord injury (SCI). We aimed to reveal the intracellular mechanism in axotomized neurons in the CRMP2 knock-in (CRMP2KI) mouse model by performing transcriptome analysis in mouse sensorimotor cortex using micro-dissection punching system. Prior to that, we analyzed the structural pathophysiology in axotomized or neighboring neurons after SCI and found that somatic atrophy and dendritic spine reduction in sensorimotor cortex were suppressed in CRMP2KI mice. Further analysis of the transcriptome has aided in the identification of four hemoglobin genes Hba-a1, Hba-a2, Hbb-bs, and Hbb-bt that are significantly upregulated in wild-type mice with concomitant upregulation of genes involved in the oxidative phosphorylation and ribosomal pathways after SCI. However, we observed substantial upregulation in channel activity genes and downregulation of genes regulating vesicles, synaptic function, glial cell differentiation in CRMP2KI mice. Moreover, the transcriptome profile of CRMP2KI mice has been discussed wherein energy metabolism and neuronal pathways were found to be differentially regulated. Our results showed that CRMP2KI mice displayed improved SCI pathophysiology not only via microtubule stabilization in neurons, but also possibly via the whole metabolic system in the central nervous system, response changes in glial cells, and synapses. Taken together, we reveal new insights on SCI pathophysiology and the regenerative mechanism of central nervous system by the inhibition of CRMP2 phosphorylation at Ser522. All these experiments were performed in accordance with the guidelines of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at Waseda University, Japan (2017-A027 approved on March 21, 2017; 2018-A003 approved on March 25, 2018; 2019-A026 approved on March 25, 2019).

    DOI PubMed

  • Effective microtissue RNA extraction coupled with Smart-seq2 for reproducible and robust spatial transcriptome analysis.

    Miki Yamazaki, Masahito Hosokawa, Koji Arikawa, Kiyofumi Takahashi, Chikako Sakanashi, Takuya Yoda, Hiroko Matsunaga, Haruko Takeyama

    Scientific reports   10 ( 1 ) 7083 - 7083  2020年04月  [国際誌]

     概要を見る

    Spatial transcriptomics is useful for understanding the molecular organization of a tissue and providing insights into cellular function in a morphological context. In order to obtain reproducible results in spatial transcriptomics, we have to maintain tissue morphology and RNA molecule stability during the image acquisition and biomolecule collection processes. Here, we developed a tissue processing method for robust and reproducible RNA-seq from tissue microdissection samples. In this method, we suppressed RNA degradation in fresh-frozen tissue specimens by dehydration fixation and effectively collected a small amount of RNA molecules from microdissection samples by magnetic beads. We demonstrated the spatial transcriptome analysis of the mouse liver and brain in serial microdissection samples (100 μm in a diameter and 10 μm in thickness) produced by a microdissection punching system. Using our method, we could prevent RNA degradation at room temperature and effectively produce a sequencing library with Smart-seq2. This resulted in reproducible sequence read mapping in exon regions and the detection of more than 2000 genes compared to non-fixed samples in the RNA-seq analysis. Our method would be applied to various transcriptome analyses, providing the information for region specific gene expression in tissue specimens.

    DOI PubMed