Faculty of Human Sciences, School of Human Sciences

Job title

Assistant Professor(without tenure)


1. うつと不安に対するマインドフルネス集団療法の作用機序研究ーマインドワンダリングと関わる脳波による検討ー(ランダム化比較試験)
2. Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaireの短縮版の作成と妥当性・信頼性の検討

3. マインドフルネスのメカニズムの予測符号化モデルに基づく理解



1. 潜在的な対人志向性を測定する潜在連合テスト(Implicit Association Test)の開発

2. 自閉スペクトラム症者の社会的カモフラージュ行動とメンタルヘルスの関連

3. Autism Acceptance Questions 日本語版の開発

Education 【 display / non-display

  • 2017.04

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Human Sciences   Doctoral Course  

  • 2015.04

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Human Sciences   Master Course  

  • 2013.04

    The University of Tokyo   Faculty of Education   Division of Educational Psychology  

  • 2011.04

    The University of Tokyo   College of Arts and Sciences   Natural Sciences 2  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • 2021.03   早稲田大学   博士(人間科学)

  • 2017.03   早稲田大学   修士(人間科学)

  • 2015.03   東京大学   学士(教育学)

Research Experience 【 display / non-display

  • 2021.04

    Waseda University   Faculty of Human Sciences

  • 2020.04

    Waseda University   Faculty of Human Sciences   Research Associate

  • 2017.04

    日本学術振興会   特別研究員DC1

  • 2018.04

    Tokyo Seitoku University   Faculty of Business Administration

  • 2017.09

    Waseda University   School of Human Sciences

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Professional Memberships 【 display / non-display






    Japanese Society of Anxiety and Related Disorders





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Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Basic brain sciences

  • Clinical psychology

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • 社会的カモフラージュ

  • 自閉スペクトラム症

  • predictive coding

  • EEG

  • neurofeedback

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Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Effects of transdiagnostic group treatment for sleep disturbances in adult Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders and Autistic spectrum disorder: A pilot study

    Miho Ishii, Wakako Ito, Yuki Karube, Yuko Ogawa, Anna Tagawa, Shunta Maeda, Hideki Sato, Toru Takahashi, Natsumi Inomata, Hajime Narisawa, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Koichiro Watanabe, Isa Okajima

    Sleep and Biological Rhythms    2021.11  [Refereed]

  • The Moderating Effect of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms on the Relationship Between Procrastination and Internalizing Symptoms in the General Adult Population

    Mana Oguchi, Toru Takahashi, Yusuke Nitta, Hiroaki Kumano

    Frontiers in Psychology   12  2021.10  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <bold>Background:</bold> The symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are known to exacerbate the effect of cognitive-behavioral impairments on emotional burden. Although adults with ADHD frequently experience procrastination and internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety, few studies have examined whether the association between procrastination and internalizing symptoms differs by ADHD symptoms.

    <bold>Objective:</bold> This study aimed to examine the moderating effect of ADHD symptoms on the association between procrastination and internalizing symptoms.

    <bold>Method:</bold> A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 470 adults (mean age=26.57, standard deviation=2.93) using self-reported questionnaires: Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, General Procrastination Scales, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and State–Trait Anxiety Inventory.

    <bold>Conclusion:</bold> Participants with more substantial ADHD symptoms experienced more procrastination and internalizing symptoms than those with the less substantial ADHD symptoms. Therefore, procrastination constitutes the treatment target for those suffering from ADHD and comorbid internalizing symptoms. Alternatively, there was no enhancing effect of ADHD symptoms on the association between procrastination and internalizing symptoms. It is necessary to examine more precise and valid hypotheses and underlying mechanisms of procrastination in high and low ADHD symptom groups.


  • Effects of the Attention Training Technique on Brain Activity in Healthy University Students Assessed by EEG Source Imaging

    Kaori Usui, Issaku Kawashima, Nozomi Tomita, Toru Takahashi, Hiroaki Kumano

    Psychological Reports   (Published online)   1 - 20  2021.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study aimed to investigate the neurocognitive effects of the Attention Training Technique (ATT) on brain activity in healthy participants. The participants included 20 university students who were asked to practice ATT as a homework assignment for 20 days. The intracerebral source localization of their electroencephalogram during rest and the ATT task, which comprised selective attention, attention switching, and divided attention conditions, was evaluated by standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography. Brain activity during rest was subtracted from that during the ATT task, and that was compared before and after the homework assignment. The results for the divided attention condition indicated significantly decreased alpha 1 frequency band power in the left orbital frontal cortex (OFC) and alpha 2 power in the right inferior temporal cortex. Further, decreased alpha 1 power in the left OFC correlated with reduced subjective difficulty during the divided attention condition. One possibility is that the brain activity changed as the effect of ATT practice, although this study cannot confirm causality. Further studies are required which include a control group that would complete similar training without the ATT task.


  • Transcranial direct current stimulation of the posterior parietal cortex biases human hand choice

    Kento Hirayama, Takayuki Koga, Toru Takahashi, Rieko Osu

    Scientific Reports   11 ( 1 ) 1 - 10  2021.01  [Refereed]

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    <title>Abstract</title>Hand choices—deciding which hand to use to reach for targets—represent continuous, daily, unconscious decisions. The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) contralateral to the selected hand is activated during a hand-choice task, and disruption of left PPC activity with a single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation prior to the execution of the motion suppresses the choice to use the right hand but not vice versa. These findings imply the involvement of either bilateral or left PPC in hand choice. To determine whether the effects of PPC’s activity are essential and/or symmetrical in hand choice, we increased or decreased PPC excitability in 16 healthy participants using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS; 10 min, 2 mA, 5 × 7 cm) and examined its online and residual effects on hand-choice probability and reaction time. After the right PPC was stimulated with an anode and the left PPC with a cathode, the probability of left-hand choice significantly increased and reaction time significantly decreased. However, no significant changes were observed with the stimulation of the right PPC with a cathode and the left PPC with an anode. These findings, thus, reveal the asymmetry of PPC-mediated regulation in hand choice.


  • Effects of the time-of-day (morning vs. afternoon) of implementing a combined physical and cognitive exercise program on cognitive functions and mood of older adults: A randomized controlled study

    Toru Takahashi, Tomosumi Haitani, Fumiko Tanaka, Takaki Yamagishi, Yasuo Kawakami, Shigenobu Shibata, Hiroaki Kumano

    Advances in Gerontology   33 ( 3 ) 595 - 599  2020.09  [Refereed]  [International journal]

    Authorship:Lead author

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Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • 仏典とマインドフルネス 負の反応とその対処法

    高橋徹, 熊野宏昭( Part: Contributor, 瞑想中の雑念を脳波で可視化する――マインドフルネス療法がうつ・不安を低減するメカニズム)

    臨川書店  2021.06

  • 大法輪 特集 生活にいかせるマインドフルネスと呼吸法

    高橋徹, 熊野宏昭( Part: Contributor, マインドフルネスのメリットを科学する)

    大法輪閣  2020.03

  • 職場で使えるカウンセリング

    高橋徹, 熊野宏昭( Part: Contributor, マインドフルネス)

    誠信書房  2019

  • マインドフルネス精神医学 マインドフルネスに生きるメソッド.

    川島一朔, 高橋徹, 熊野宏昭( Part: Joint translator, Chapter2:可塑性と統合 マインドフルネスの神経科学)

    新興医学出版社  2019

  • 今日から実践!日常診療に役立つ行動医学・心身医学アプローチ

    高橋徹, 熊野宏昭( Part: Contributor, マインドフルネス)

    医歯薬出版  2018.11 ISBN: 9784263206829

Misc 【 display / non-display

  • Does shifting time from mind-wandering explain the effect of a mindfulness-based intervention?

    Toru Takahashi, Taro Uchida, Issaku Kawashima, Fukiko Sugiyama, Tomoki Kikai, Siqing Guan, Mana Oguchi, Hiroaki Kumano

    32nd International Congress of Psychology    2021.07  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 注意制御は恐怖条件づけと消去学習に影響を及ぼすか

    朴木優斗, 管思清, 管思清, 小口真奈, 小口真奈, 高橋徹, 高橋徹, 仁田雄介, 仁田雄介, 熊野宏昭

    日本行動医学会学術総会プログラム・抄録集   27th (CD-ROM)  2020


  • 日常生活場面における主観的な睡眠状態が翌日の気分に与える影響

    榎本ことみ, 小口真奈, 小口真奈, 管思清, 管思清, 仁田雄介, 仁田雄介, 高橋徹, 高橋徹, 熊野宏昭

    日本行動医学会学術総会プログラム・抄録集   27th (CD-ROM)  2020


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Awards 【 display / non-display

  • 小野梓記念賞 学術賞

    2021.03   早稲田大学   うつ・不安に対するマインドフルネス介入の作用機序の検討── 反応しないスキルの主観指標と脳波指標の役割──

    Winner: 高橋徹

  • 第26回日本行動医学会学術総会 優秀演題賞

    2020.12   日本行動医学会   日常生活場面における主観的な睡眠状態が翌日の気分に与える影響

    Winner: 榎本ことみ, 小口真奈, 管思清, 仁田雄介, 高橋徹, 熊野宏昭

  • アーリーキャリアヘルスサイコロジスト賞

    2019.05   日本健康心理学会   Interceptive awareness mediates the relationship between mindfulness group therapy and decrease in depression: the interim analyses of randomized controlled trial

    Winner: Takahashi T, Kikai T, Sugiyama F, Guan S, Oguchi M, Uchida T, Kumano H

  • 優秀ポスター発表賞

    2018.12   日本マインドフルネス学会   洞察瞑想はマインドワンダリングへのメタ的気づきを高める ──瞑想実践者における集中瞑想との直後効果の比較──

    Winner: 高橋徹, 川島一朔, 藤野正寛, 熊野宏昭

  • 優秀発表賞

    2018.09   第 65 回北関東医学会総会   脳波を用いたマインドフルネス瞑想中のニューロフィードバックに関する研究

    Winner: 寺内萌絵, 豊村暁, 星野孝文, 高橋徹, 成島響子, 廣神佑香, 灰谷知純, 三井真一, 熊野宏昭

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Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • Prediction of effects of mindfulness group therapy on depression and anxiety: Focusing on the resting state EEG

    Grant-in-Aid for Research Activity Start-up

    Project Year :


    Toru Takahashi

    Authorship: Principal investigator

  • うつ病の再発防止のためのマインドフルネスのニューロフィードバック介入法の開発

    Project Year :



    Authorship: Principal investigator

Presentations 【 display / non-display

  • Shifting time from mind-wandering predicted by EEG using machine learning relates to mindful skills

    Toru Takahashi, Issaku Kawashima, Masahiro Fujino, Hiroaki Kumano

    32nd International Congress of Psychology 

    Presentation date: 2021.07

  • The mechanism of mindfulness intervention for depression and anxiety: Estimating the fluctuation of mind-wandering during meditation by EEG

    Toru Takahashi, Taro Uchida, Hiroaki Kumano

    Mindfulness and Human Cognition: A Joint Research Project of Buddhist studies, Psychology, and Neuroscience 

    Presentation date: 2021.03

    Event date:
  • うつ・不安に対するマインドフルネス集団療法の効果予測ーマインドフルネスのメカニズム変数と発達障害傾向に着目してー



    Presentation date: 2019.08

  • Immediate Effect of Focused Attention and Open Monitoring Meditation on Mind-Wandering and Meta-Awareness of Mind-Wandering in Experienced Meditators.

    Takahashi T, Kawashima I, Fujino M, Kumano H

    International Symposium for Contemplative Research 

    Presentation date: 2018.11

  • The neural correlates of open monitoring meditation and its effects on meta-awareness

    Takahashi T

    International Symposium on Clinical Neuroscience of Mindfulness 

    Presentation date: 2018.10

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Specific Research 【 display / non-display

  • うつ・不安に対するマインドフルネス集団療法の効果の予測ー生理・心理・行動指標から


     View Summary



Syllabus 【 display / non-display

Teaching Experience 【 display / non-display

  • 数理の基礎


  • Life Science Research Methods

    Waseda University  

  • Introduction to Life Science (Biological Systems)

    Waseda University  

  • Psychological Research Methods

    Waseda University  


Social Activities 【 display / non-display

  • マインドフルネス瞑想で脳に起こる変化



  • マインドフルネス瞑想中、脳で何が起きているのか?

    埼玉県新座市  自殺予防対策事業 ゲートキーパー養成講座 


  • マインドフルネスで脳がどう変わるのか?

    埼玉県新座市  自殺予防対策事業 ゲートキーパー養成講座 


  • マインドフルネスの脳神経科学

    埼玉県新座市  自殺予防対策事業 ゲートキーパー養成講座 


  • マインドフルネスの効果の神経メカニズム

    埼玉県新座市  自殺予防対策事業 ゲートキーパー養成講座