Updated on 2023/09/30


DENDUP, Ngawang
Faculty of Political Science and Economics, School of Political Science and Economics
Job title
Assistant Professor(non-tenure-track)
PhD (Economics) ( Waseda University )

Research Experience

  • 2019.09

    Faculty of Political Science and Economics   Assistant Professor (without tenure)

  • 2019.04

    Faculty of Political Science and Economics   Research Associate

  • 2016.04

    Research Institute for Environmental Economics and Management   Research Assistant

  • 2011.01

    Sherubtse College, Royal Univeristy of Bhutan, Bhutan   Assistant Lecturer

Education Background

  • 2015.09

    Graduate School of Economics, Waseda University   PhD in Economics  

  • 2009.01

    School of Business and Law, Edith Cowan Univeristy-Australia   Finance (MBA)  

  • 2004.06

    PSG College of Arts and Science (India)   Economics   B.A Economics  

Research Areas

  • Economic policy   Energy, Environment and Development Economics / Economic policy   Energy, Environment and Development Economics

Research Interests

  • Water

  • Energy

  • Public Policy

  • Development

  • Environment



  • Returns to Grid Electricity on Firewood and Kerosene: Mechanism

    Journal of Environmental Economics and Management   111   102606 - 102634  2022.01  [Refereed]

    Authorship:Lead author

  • Information Leverage: The Adoption of Clean Cooking Fuel in Bhutan

    Ngawang Dendup

    Energy Policy   125   181 - 195  2019.01  [Refereed]

  • Demand for Piped Drinking Water and a Formal Sewer System in Bhutan

    Ngawang Dendup

    Environmental Economics and Policy Studies   20 ( 3 ) 681 - 703  2018.02  [Refereed]

  • Climatic changes and their impact on socio-economic sectors in the Bhutan Himalayas: an implementation strategy

    Andreas Hoy, Om Katel, Pankaj Thapa, Ngawang Dendup, Joerg Matschullat

    REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE   16 ( 5 ) 1401 - 1415  2016.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This paper contributes to an enhanced understanding of present climatic conditions, observed climate trends and regional climate vulnerability of the Bhutan Himalayas. Bhutan's complex, often high-altitude terrain and the severe impact of the Indian summer monsoon leads to a strong exposure of the countries' key economic sectors (agriculture, forestry, hydropower generation and tourism) to climatic changes. Climate change also threatens Bhutan's vast biodiversity and increases the likelihood of natural hazards (e.g. glacier lake outburst floods, flash floods, droughts and forest fires). A better understanding of Bhutan's climate and its variability, as well as observed and possible climate impacts, will help in improving the handling of regional social, economic and ecologic challenges not limited to the Himalayas. Only a few climatological studies exist for the eastern Himalayas. They mainly focus on adaptation to immediate threats by glacier lake outbursts. In contrast, this paper (1) investigates the average spatial and inner-annual diversity of the air temperature regime of Bhutan, based on local meteorological observations, (2) discusses past temperature variability, based on global datasets, and (3) relates effects of observed warming to water availability, hydropower development, natural hazards, forests, biodiversity, agriculture, human health and tourism in the Bhutan Himalayas. Results indicate a large spatial and temporal temperature variability within Bhutan and considerably increasing temperatures especially over recent decades. Implications of regional climatic changes on various socio-economic sectors and possible adaptation efforts are discussed.




Books and Other Publications

  • Community-Based Tourism as a Strategy for Building Climate Resilience in Bhutan

    ( Part: Joint author, Book Chaper)

    Springer  2022

  • Transboundary Water Resources Management in the Context of Global Environmental Change: The Case of Bhutan Himalaya

    Ngawang Dendup( Part: Joint author, Managing Water Resources under Climate Uncertainty)

    Springer International Publishing Switzerland  2015


  • Returns to Grid Electricity: Mechanism of Causal Conservation and Household Technology

    Ngawang Dendup

    European Association of Enviornmental and Resource Economists 

    Presentation date: 2019.06

  • Returns to Grid Electricity on Conservation: Mechanism of Causal Effect and Spillovers on Household Outcomes

    Ngawang Dendup

    East Asian Economic Association's 16th International Convention 

    Presentation date: 2018.10

  • Information Leverage: The Adoption Clean Cooking Fuel in Bhutan

    Ngawang Dendup

    The 16th International Conferece of the Japan Economic Policy Association 

    Presentation date: 2017.11

  • Demand for Piped Drinking Water and Formal Sewer System in Bhutan

    Ngawang Dendup

    Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 

    Presentation date: 2016.09

Research Projects

  • Demand for Piped Drinking Water and Formal Sewer System in Bhutan

    South Asia Network for Development and Environmental Economics  SANDEE

    Project Year :


    Ngawang Dendup



▼display all

Teaching Experience

  • Statistics (Undergraduate)

    Sherubtse College, Royal University of Bhutan (2011-2014)  

  • Microeconomics (Undergraduate)

    Sherubtse College, Royal University of Bhutan (2011-2014)  

  • Advance Econometrics (Fall 2019)

    School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University  

  • Applied Microeconometrics (Fall 2019)

    Graduate School of School, Waseda University  


Research Institute

  • 2022

    Waseda Institute for Advanced Study   Concurrent Researcher

Internal Special Research Projects

  • Physical Capital vs Social Capital: Evidence from Rural Electricity Project

    2022   Yayue Xiao, Dil Rahut

     View Summary

    There are many situations where it is difficult to enforce a social contract. In addition, addressing global problems such as climate change requires collective action. Social capital can help overcome market failure due to the inability to enforce social contract and collective action. However, social capital can be affected by external shocks such as electricity provision in developing countries, but not evident in the literature. This study examines the effect of electricity on social capital, particularly household-level trust, social interactions \& network density. To address the endogenous electricity provision, we estimate bivariate probit model using plausibly exogenous land gradient as an instrument.Our results show that, in short run the effect of electricity on various measures of social capital is not distinguishable from zero. However, we do find some evidence of a heterogeneous effect. Female-headed and electrified households are positively correlated with social interaction and trust. 

  • Crop Residue Burning and Pollution in Delhi (India)

    2021   Dil Rhaut

     View Summary

    This research is in very early stage at the moment. We have completed literature survey and submitted request for the approval conducting survey in India and we are waiting for the approval. 

  • Intra-Household Time Allocation and Biogas: Evidence from Quasi-Experimental Design


     View Summary

    In this study, we examine how an alternative household energy, biogas affects the times allocated for economic and noneconomic activities and investigate if the biogas has any crowding out effect on household poverty and conservation related outcomes using census and administrative data from Nepal. To account for the nonrandom assignment of biogas, we exploit the limitation of biogas technology that exogenously becomes less feasible at the cutoff of annual ambient temperature of 20 degree Celsius. Our results show that biogas affects the time allocation differently between male and female household members. Female household members spend more time in household production by about two folds than male members. On the contrary, male members allocate more time on market participation by about three folds compare to female members from the same household. We find no positive returns to health. 

  • Bunching at Kink:Structural Price Elasticity of Nonlinear Electricity Price from Developing Country


     View Summary

    The market instruments are effective only if agents (commonly consumers) respond to the price. The market advocates have developed various pricing mechanisms and blocking pricing structures are commonly used price regimes to signal consumption decision, especially by electricity and water utility both in developing and developed countries. Market instruments are also becoming increasingly important instrument to tackle climate change and to achieve the target of 2°C of Paris Agreement. Therefore, understanding whether agents respond to such price regimes has become an important policy question than ever before. On the other hand, studies have also pointed out that households do not pay attention to what electricity price they are paying and their total consumption. Following the seminal work of (Saez, 2010), this study exploits mass around the threshold and infer the behavioral response (in terms of price elasticity) to nonlinear pricing and electricity subsidy, using census of monthly electricity consumption data from Bhutan. The results show that price elasticity of urban households is not significant for any of the sample periods. Similarly, for the pre subsidy rural sample, price elasticity is insignificant and elasticity is close to zero. On other hand, for all the post subsidy rural sample, elasticity is highly significant. However, the price elasticity is small and it ranges from 1.5% to 3.6%.