2022/01/19 更新

写真a

スナム ラメシュ クマラ
スナム ラメシュ クマラ
所属
附属機関・学校 高等研究所
職名
講師(任期付)
プロフィール
Dr. Ramesh Sunam is Assistant Professor at the Waseda Institute for Advanced Study (WIAS), Waseda University, Tokyo. After completing a JSPS postdoctoral fellowship at the United Nations University (UNU), Tokyo, he joined the Waseda University from May 2019. Dr Sunam earned his Ph.D. from the Australian National University (ANU) in 2015. His research focuses on international migration (both regular and irregular), precarity, poverty and rural transformation in the global South. He has extensively published about 15 peer-reviewed articles, most appearing in well-respected, leading international journals, such as the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, the Journal of Peasant Studies, and the Anthropological Forum. He is currently working on a book manuscript entitled ‘Transnational labour mobilities, poverty and agrarian change in Nepal’ to be published soon through a reputed academic press.

兼担

  • 社会科学総合学術院   社会科学部

学歴

  • 2011年03月
    -
    2015年12月

    Australian National University (ANU)   Crawford School of Public Policy  

学位

  • Australian National University, ANU, Australia   PhD

  • Australian National University, ANU   MA

  • Tribhuvan University, Nepal   BA

経歴

  • 2019年05月
    -
    継続中

    Waseda University   Waseda Institute for Advanced Study   Assistant Professor

  • 2016年10月
    -
    2018年10月

    United Nations University   Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability   JSPS Postdoctoral Research Fellow

  • 2016年03月
    -
    2016年10月

    Irregular Migration Research Programme, Canberra, Australia   Research Fellow

  • 2013年07月
    -
    2016年02月

    Australian National University (ANU)   Crawford School of Public Policy   Research & Teaching Associate

所属学協会

  •  
     
     

    UK Development Studies Association (DSA)

  •  
     
     

    South Asia Research Institute (SARI)

  •  
     
     

    Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies

  •  
     
     

    Australian Sociological Association

  •  
     
     

    International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES)

 

研究分野

  • 社会学   Sociology of Migration; Rural Sociology

  • 地域研究   South Asia & Southeast Asia

  • 応用人類学

  • 人文地理学

研究キーワード

  • Poverty and Livelihoods

  • Anthropology of Development

  • Rural Development

  • Precarity

  • International Migration

論文

  • Does affirmative action undermine meritocracy? “Meritocratic inclusion” of the marginalized in Nepal’s bureaucracy

    Ramesh Sunam, Bishnu Pariyar, Krishna K Shrestha

    Development Policy Review    2021年03月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

    DOI

  • Transnational labour migration and livelihoods in rural Asia: Tracing patterns of agrarian and forest change

    Ramesh Sunam, Keith Barney, John F. McCarthy

    Geoforum   118   1 - 13  2021年01月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

    DOI

  • Failing the Most Excluded: A Critical Analysis of Nepal’s Affirmative Action Policy

    Ramesh Sunam, Krishna K Shrestha

    Contributions to Nepalese Studies   46 ( 2 ) 283 - 305  2019年07月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

  • Aboveground carbon of community-managed Chirpine (Pinus roxburghii Sarg.) forests of Nepal based on stand types and geographic aspects

    Pariyar S, Volkova L, Sharma RP, Sunam R, Weston CJ

    PeerJ   7:e6494  2019年03月  [査読有り]

  • [Policy Brief] Implementing the 2030 Agenda in Asia and the Pacific: Insights from Voluntary National Reviews. UNU-IAS Policy Brief Series. United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability.

    ラメシュ スナム

       2018年  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者

  • In Search of Pathways out of Poverty: Mapping the Role of International Labour Migration, Agriculture and Rural Labour

    Ramesh Sunam

    JOURNAL OF AGRARIAN CHANGE   17 ( 1 ) 67 - 80  2017年01月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    The issue of rural poverty continues to shape critical academic and policy discourses in the global South. In such discourses, some scholars and policy-makers highlight non-agrarian pathways leading to prosperity, while others continue to emphasize the significance of land and farming for poverty reduction. However, such analyses tend not only to obscure strong linkages between agriculture, migration and rural labour, but also stay silent on how rural people interpret changes or continuities in their livelihoods. In this paper, I focus on the case of rural Nepal to unfold how some rural people, but not others, improve their livelihoods through international labour migration, farming and rural labour. This paper reveals that many poor people have experienced improved livelihoods pursuing a diverse portfolio of agricultural and non-agricultural activities including labour migration. However, the dispossession of poor people from land and their adverse incorporation into the local and international labour markets continue to perpetuate chronic poverty.

    DOI

  • How does Transnational Labour Migration Shape Food Security and Food Sovereignty? Evidence from Nepal

    Ramesh Sunam, Jagannath Adhikari

    ANTHROPOLOGICAL FORUM   26 ( 3 ) 248 - 261  2016年09月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    Achieving food security has become a critical development issue. It is more so for Nepal, a country facing serious social and economic problems. In recent years, Nepal has seen rising temporary-work migration of people to foreign countries with implications for food security, even in distant rural places. In this article, we examine differential effects of transnational labour migration on food security and food sovereignty in migrant-sending rural areas. In so doing, we draw on the fresh insights gained from case studies carried out in villages representing two distinct geographical regions of Nepal - Tarai (Plains) and Hills. Findings show complex and contradictory effects of transnational labour migration. We argue that this form of migration has led to improved food security on a short-term basis through remittances and migration-induced rural employment. At the same time, it has also caused erosion in food sovereignty through generating adverse effects on local food production, and thus creating growing dependence on food imports and threatening poor people's access to food. Rather than considering food security and food sovereignty as rival frameworks, this paper suggests that combining the two concepts offer rich and broader understandings of the impacts of migration on rural people's access to food.

    DOI

  • Can Evidence and Voice Influence Policy? A Critical Assessment of Nepal's Forestry Sector Strategy, 2014

    Hemant R. Ojha, Dil B. Khatri, Krishna K. Shrestha, Basundhara Bhattarai, Jagadish C. Baral, Bimbika Sijapati Basnett, Keshab Goutam, Ramesh Sunam, Mani R. Banjade, Sudeep Jana, Bryan Bushley, Sindhu Prasad Dhungana, Dinesh Paudel

    SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES   29 ( 3 ) 357 - 373  2016年03月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    This article examines Nepal's recently prepared Forestry Sector Strategy (FSS) (as of 2014) in terms of the use of scientific evidence and the quality of stakeholder participation. By reviewing the content and analyzing the context of its development during 2012-2014, we found that the transitional politics and overt influence of international development agencies dominated the process and content of the FSS. Although the FSS was developed through a significant stakeholder engagement, there was limited use of the available scientific evidence. The FSS was narrowly conceived as a deliverable of supporting aid programs, with limited demand for a politically meaningful policy processes. While civil society groups were consulted, they largely failed to present an independent voice due to their dependence on funding agencies. Our assessment calls for rethinking policy development in a way that facilitates assertive and independent participation by a range of actors and make better use of the available research.

    DOI

  • Reconsidering the links between poverty, international labour migration, and agrarian change: critical insights from Nepal

    Ramesh K. Sunam, John F. McCarthy

    JOURNAL OF PEASANT STUDIES   43 ( 1 ) 39 - 63  2016年01月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    The role of international labour migration in processes leading to the (re)production of rural poverty in the rural South continues to shape critical academic and policy debate. While many studies have established that migration provides an important pathway to rural prosperity, they insufficiently analyse the profound effects that migration and remittances have on agrarian and rural livelihoods. This article uses the case of rural Nepal, where over half of the households are involved in foreign labour migration, as a window' to understand the processes shaping how migration effects poverty. The paper analyses how migration generates outcomes across the domains of rural people's changing relationship to land and agriculture, their experience of migration, and rural labour markets to advance our arguments. First, it argues that migration leads to the commodification of land, generating changes in patterns of land uses and tenancy relations. With respect to rural people's engagement with agriculture, migration generates both processes of deactivation' and repeasantization'. Second, foreign migration offers an exit from poverty for some while also creating processes of deeper impoverishment for others. Third, migration leads to structural changes in rural labour markets, reducing the supply of agrarian labour. Consequently, in contrast to the simplifying narrative' accounts of a migration pathway out of poverty, this paper concludes that the effects triggered by migration are highly contradictory, providing an exit from poverty when linked to diversification strategies, while engendering rising inequality and rural differentiation.

    DOI

  • Conservation Policy Making in Nepal: Problematising the Politics of Civic Resistance

    Ramesh Kumar Sunam, Dipak Bishwokarma, Kumar Bahadur Darjee

    CONSERVATION & SOCIETY   13 ( 2 ) 179 - 188  2015年04月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    Protected area governance has witnessed a shift from a strict-nature conservation model towards a seemingly more participatory approach in Nepal. Despite some progress, top-down and non-deliberative processes characterise policy making in protected area. However, many civil society actors have increasingly challenged the government to provide space for local people in decision making so that their rights to natural resources are considered. This article examines two key aspects of the politics of policy process: why conservation policy making is often less deliberative than it could be and why civil actors pick up some policy decisions (not others) for contestation. In doing so, we analyse a recent policy decision of the Nepal government on the protected area which encountered civic contestation. Drawing on the review of policy decisions and interviews with government authorities, civic leaders and protected area experts, this paper shows that the government and large conservation organisations continue to shape the policy process while undermining the legitimate voices of local and non-state actors in the conservation policy landscape. Civic resistance as a means of democratising policy processes looks promising, challenging unquestioned authorities of the government and conservation organisations. Nevertheless, the politics of resistance has enjoyed limited success due to the political interests of civic institutions and their leaders, at times overshadowing critical policy agenda such as the severity of rights constrained and issues of poverty and marginalisation. This article suggests that civic actors need to rethink over their politics of resistance in terms of pursuing agenda and strategies to ramp up policy deliberation.

    DOI

  • Agrarian Future(s) of Rural Nepal: Revitalizing peasant agriculture?

    Sunam R, Goutam K

    Himalaya   35 ( 1 ) 91 - 102  2015年  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

  • Marginalised Dalits in International Labour Migration: Reconfiguring Economic and Social Relations in Nepal

    Ramesh Sunam

    JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES   40 ( 12 ) 2030 - 2048  2014年12月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    International labour migration continues to rise in Nepal affecting the livelihoods of many people. In this article, I draw on ethnographic research with Dalits, a marginalised group, to examine the role of international labour migration in altering migrants' economic and social space in their places of origin, once affected by Maoists' 'people's war'. In particular, I explore how Dalits have used their agency to contest caste institutions by mobilising financial, human and symbolic capitals accumulated through migration. Much of the existing studies highlight the economic side of migration paying little attention to the social and cultural dimension. This article seeks to complement these analyses by illustrating how Dalits repudiate caste relations that have shaped their experiences of exploitation and domination.

    DOI

  • Can authority change through deliberative politics? Lessons from the four decades of participatory forest policy reform in Nepal

    Hemant R. Ojha, Mani R. Banjade, Ramesh K. Sunam, Basundhara Bhattarai, Sudeep Jana, Keshab R. Goutam, Sindhu Dhungana

    FOREST POLICY AND ECONOMICS   46   1 - 9  2014年09月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Based on the review of relevant literature, this paper investigates how forest authority is produced or reproduced in the course of forest policy change, by drawing on the past four decades of participatory forest policy reform in Nepal. We analyze various waves of deliberative politics that emerged in different contexts related to the Himalayan crisis, the flow of international aid for conservation and development projects, civil conflict and democratic transition, and most recently the policy responses to climate change. The analysis shows how such deliberative politics contributed to the change or continuity of conventional authorities around forest policy and practice. It shows that despite notable participatory policy reform, the conventional authority has become further re-entrenched. Based on this analysis, we argue that efforts to understand forest policy change can be more meaningful if attention is paid to whether and how deliberative politics emerge to challenge the hegemonic claims to power and knowledge about resource governance practices. Such approach to policy analysis can open new possibilities for understanding democratic policy reform by explicating the nuances of deliberation and policy politics occurring at multiple scales. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI

  • Community Forestry and the Threat of Recentralization in Nepal: Contesting the Bureaucratic Hegemony in Policy Process

    Ramesh K. Sunam, Naya S. Paudel, Govinda Paudel

    SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES   26 ( 12 ) 1407 - 1421  2013年12月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    Nepal's community forestry program has been touted as a successful case in decentralized forest management. However, the government of Nepal has often constrained the autonomy of local communities as an apparent attempt to reverse decentralization. This article identifies the mechanisms through which decentralized reforms and growing deliberative culture of policy process are attenuated. To this end, we analyze an amendment proposal of the government to revise the Forest Act 1993a widely recognized legislation for democratic decentralizationwith the tacit aim of re-equipping the government forestry staff with substantial power. This article shows that the government often monopolizes the policy process and obstructs community forestry, while failing to address its own governance deficits. While acknowledging the importance of an antagonistic form of resistance, we emphasize the combination of alliance-led resistance and research-informed deliberation as an effective strategy to contest inappropriate policy decisions and promote a deliberative culture.

    DOI

  • Democratising Nepal’s Forest Sector Policy Process: The Role of Resistance by Community Federation

    Ramesh Sunam, Govinda Paudel

    J. Forest & Livelihood   10 ( 1 )  2013年09月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

    DOI

  • Can Bureaucratic Control Improve Community Forestry Governance?

    Ramesh K. Sunam, Mani Ram Banjade, Naya S. Paudel, Dil Bahadur Khatri

    SSRN Journal    2010年12月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

    DOI

  • Advancing equity in community forestry: recognition of the poor matters

    R. K. Sunam, J. F. McCarthy

    INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY REVIEW   12 ( 4 ) 370 - 382  2010年  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    The community forestry program in Nepal has been advancing as a successful means of improving the condition of forests. However, as in other areas around the world. Nepal's community forestry initiative continues to face unresolved equity issues. This paper seeks to explore underlying causes of inequity using contemporary theories of justice. Examining two community forest user groups in the middle hill districts, the study finds that lack of recognition in interpersonal and public spheres exacerbated the powerlessness of marginalized people, reducing their participation in decision-making. The paper argues that, while distributional rules advanced by the program are crucial, the problem of recognition remains an unaddressed but necessary pre-condition for achieving equity. This suggests that policy and practice in community forestry needs to focus on broader political questions, including representation in decision making, making space for the voice of members to influence decisions, and transforming socio-economic and political institutions and cultural practices.

    DOI

▼全件表示

書籍等出版物

  • (Book) Transnational Labour Migration, Livelihoods and Agrarian Change in Nepal: The Remittance Village

    ( 担当: 単著)

    Routledge  2020年04月

  • [Book chapter] People smuggling in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka’. In Coyne, J., Nyst, M. (eds). People smugglers globally

    ラメシュ スナム( 担当: 共著)

    Australian Strategic Policy Institute  2017年

  • [Book chapter] South Asia: Migrant Smuggling Data and Research’, in: McAuliffe, M.L., Laczko, F. (eds.), Migrant Smuggling Data and Research: A global review of the emerging evidence base

    ラメシュ スナム( 担当: 共著)

    International Organization for Migration  2016年

  • [Book chapter] The significance of foreign labour migration and land for poverty reduction in Nepal’, in: Heshmati, A., Maasoumi, E., Wan, G. (eds.), Poverty reduction policies and practices in developing Asia.

    ラメシュ スナム( 担当: 単著)

    Springer  2015年

Misc

  • [Policy Brief] Addressing Water Pollution from Agriculture in South Asia

    Ramesh Sunam, Anupama Mahat

       2020年11月  [招待有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者

  • [Policy Blog] The Precariousness of Migrant Workers in Japan amidst COVID-19

    Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology    2020年04月

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

  • [Policy Brief] Governance and National Implementation of the 2030 Agenda: Lessons from Voluntary National Reviews. UNU-IAS Policy Brief Series. United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability.

    ラメシュ スナム

       2019年  [査読有り]

    速報,短報,研究ノート等(大学,研究機関紀要)  

  • [Book review] Review of Dalit in the Nepali Media: Participation and the Content by J. B. Bishwokarma. Himalaya, 34(1): 142-43.

    ラメシュ スナム

       2014年  [査読有り]

受賞

  • 2020 Waseda Research Award (High-Impact Publication)

    2021年03月   Waseda University  

講演・口頭発表等

  • South-South Transnational Labour Migration and Precarity

    ラメシュ スナム

    Mobility and the Future of Work  

    発表年月: 2019年11月

  • The Nexus Between Transnational Labour Migration, Precarity and Urbanisation: The Emergence of Locally Scattered Livelihoods in Rural Nepal

    ラメシュ スナム

    Migrations: Movement of People, Ideas, and Goods at the Waseda University (Oct. 16-17, 2019).  

    発表年月: 2019年10月

  • Contentious Affirmative Action Policy of Nepal: Reinterpreting Key Narratives

    ラメシュ スナム  [招待有り]

    International Symposium on Politics of Dignity and Social Justice: Voices of Emerging Change Makers in Nepal  

    発表年月: 2018年08月

  • Anthropology of rural migration/outmigration

    ラメシュ スナム

    8th IUAES World Congress  

    発表年月: 2018年07月

  • Implications of international migration for poverty, land and agriculture in Nepal

    ラメシュ スナム  [招待有り]

    What does migration mean on the home front? Implications for land and social change in Nepal  

    発表年月: 2017年12月

  • Are young people leaving farming and rural areas? Understanding the interconnections between migration and rural development in the Global South

    ラメシュ スナム

    Sustainability interrogated: societies, growth, and social justice  

    発表年月: 2017年09月

  • Gendered Migration and Access to Land and Food’

    ラメシュ スナム

    Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA) Conference  

    発表年月: 2016年07月

  • The Great Transformation in South Asia: Feminization of Agriculture and Implications for Food Security

    ラメシュ スナム

    International Symposium on Food Security  

    発表年月: 2015年08月

  • Geographies of mobilities and implications for rural places

    ラメシュ スナム

    Himalayan Studies Conference, Yale University  

    発表年月: 2014年11月

  • Foreign labour migration and subaltern Dalits in Nepal: reconfiguring economic and social relations

    ラメシュ スナム

    International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) with JASCA Conference  

    発表年月: 2014年05月

  • Mobility of out of poverty in South Asia’, Rethinking Environmental Futures in Asia and the Pacific

    ラメシュ スナム

    Research School of Asia and the Pacific (RSAP) Conference  

    発表年月: 2013年11月

  • Transnational labour migration shaping food security and food sovereignty in South Asia

    ラメシュ スナム

    Australian Anthropological Society (AAS) Annual Conference  

    発表年月: 2013年11月

  • Revitalizing traditional agriculture for food security and climate change

    ラメシュ スナム

    International Workshop on Climate Change Mitigation with Local Community and Indigenous Peoples, United Nations University (UNU), Cairns  

    発表年月: 2012年03月

▼全件表示

 

現在担当している科目

担当経験のある科目(授業)

  • Cultural Traditions of Asia

    Australian Catholic University  

  • Introduction to Sociology

    Australian Catholic University  

  • State, Society & Natural Resources

    Australian National University  

  • Food Security and Agricultural Policy

    Australian National University