2024/03/04 更新

写真a

オウ シンホウ
王 薪鵬
所属
理工学術院 創造理工学部
職名
講師(任期付)
学位
修士(建築学) ( 2013年09月 早稲田大学 )
博士(建築学) ( 2020年02月 早稲田大学 )
メールアドレス
メールアドレス
プロフィール
中国出身。早稲田大学創造理工学部建築学科・講師。博士(建築学)。 研究分野は建築空間論、建築意匠論、建築デザイン論、街路空間論。 早稲田大学創造理工学術院建築学専攻・修士課程、博士課程を修了。 早稲田大学創造理工学部建築学科・助手、早稲田大学理工総合研究所招聘研究員を担任した。 所属ゼミで英文学術誌(Web of Science、Scopus収録)に掲載多数、国際学術会議で論文発表多数。 中国で「街路空間再生」をテーマとした実施のプロジェクトを担当。 早稲田大学での担当授業は、「建築表現Ⅰ」「建築表現Ⅱ」「設計製図Ⅰ」「設計製図Ⅱ」「先端建築学論B」、「卒業計画」など。

経歴

  • 2020年09月
    -
    継続中

    早稲田大学理工学術院 創造理工学部 建築学科   講師

  • 2020年04月
    -
    2020年09月

    早稲田大学 理工学術院総合研究所   招聘研究員

  • 2017年04月
    -
    2020年03月

    早稲田大学理工学術院 創造理工学部 建築学科   助手

学歴

  • 2013年09月
    -
    2017年03月

    早稲田大学   建築学専攻博士課程  

  • 2011年09月
    -
    2013年08月

    早稲田大学   建築学専攻修士課程  

所属学協会

  •  
     
     

    日本建築学会

研究分野

  • 建築計画、都市計画 / 建築史、意匠

研究キーワード

  • 建築意匠論

  • 街路空間論

  • 半透明空間論

  • 中国市街地空間論

  • 建築空間論

 

論文

  • The transformation of the bright-dark space in Chinese traditional dwellings

    Guoqing Zhu, Xinpeng Wang, Kai Fang, Wenda Zhang, Zhehan Zhang, Nobuaki Furuya

    JOURNAL OF ASIAN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING ENGINEERING   22 ( 5 ) 2768 - 2786  2023年09月

     概要を見る

    The spontaneous transformation of traditional residential space is one of the important phenomena in urban development in China, which is generally considered as a disorderly, random, and individual spatial product derived from current life. However, are these transformations really random individual phenomena? With traditional residential dwellings of Sanyi Street in Jingzhou as research objects, this study revealed the inherited characteristics of the concept system of "Bright-Dark" in the process of contemporary transformation of traditional residential dwellings. Typical residential dwellings were selected for surveying and mapping and the expression of the "Bright-Dark" concept system in the current transformed residential space compared with traditional residential space patterns. The results demonstrated the traditional concept system ("Bright-Dark") of residential space still exerts its spatial control function in the seemingly random transformation of contemporary dwellings. In addition, the study provided new perspectives and methods for understanding contemporary transformation of traditional dwellings from the perspective of the concept system of "Bright-Dark".

    DOI

    Scopus

  • A micro-scale study on the spontaneous spatial improvement of in-between spaces in Chinese traditional districts considering the relationship between modifications and encroachment

    Zhehan Zhang, Xinpeng Wang, Guoqing Zhu, Wenda Zhang, Lin Chen, Kai Fang, Yunfei Xie, Muhan Shen, Nobuaki Furuya

    JOURNAL OF ASIAN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING ENGINEERING   22 ( 2 ) 783 - 801  2023年03月

     概要を見る

    As the transition between streets and houses, in-between spaces represent unique and important residential components in East Asia, which reflect the spontaneous spatial improvement awareness of users in traditional districts and the state of public-private relations. To fill a gap in prior research regarding in-between spaces after spontaneous spatial improvement in traditional districts, this study considered 97 houses on Jiazhi Street and evaluated the two expressions of spontaneous spatial improvement of in-between spaces by quantifying modification indicators and encroachment using field surveys and area statistical methods. The research examined the correlation between various modifications and encroachment using multiple regression analysis and evaluated the characteristics of spontaneous spatial improvement by users based on multi-group relationships. The results offer a new perspective for observing the changes in residential environments in the context of urbanization, thus providing a basis for developing renewal strategies for traditional districts in China.

    DOI

    Scopus

    4
    被引用数
    (Scopus)
  • Physical environmental factors that affect users’ willingness to visit neighbourhood centres in China

    Zhehan Zhang, Kai Fang, Suihan Zhang, Wenda Zhang, Xinpeng Wang, Nobuaki Furuya

    Building Research and Information   51 ( 5 ) 568 - 587  2023年

     概要を見る

    The physical environment is crucial for creating an attractive and sustainable neighbourhood centre. Previous research has explored various aspects of the physical environments of community public spaces; however, few studies have focused on neighbourhood centres in China or elucidated how to prioritize those factors to affect willingness to visit. A questionnaire survey was used to capture which potential physical environmental factors most affect residents’ perceived willingness to visit a neighbourhood centre. Three hundred fifty-six valid survey answers were collected online from residents of Zhejiang Province, China. The results highlight key physical environmental factors and their relative priorities; safety factors are the most valued by residents, whereas green spaces, number and quietness (which have been discussed in previous studies) are considered generally unimportant. The key factors were classified into three groups: spatial quality, accessibility and spatial capacity. The results presented herein provide new insights from residents about neighbourhood centres. The research developed a comprehensive framework for assessing the physical environment of a neighbourhood centre based on key factor prioritization and grouping characteristics that can guide designers and decision makers in assessing and enhancing neighbourhood centres in communities with limited resources.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • The spatial feature and use pattern of external space in Chongqing traditional urban settlement

    Lin Chen, Kai Fang, Xinpeng Wang, Wenda Zhang, Guoqing Zhu, Zhehan Zhang, Nobuaki Furuya

    JOURNAL OF ASIAN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING ENGINEERING   22 ( 1 ) 125 - 138  2023年01月

     概要を見る

    The importance of external space in residential areas is well-established in academic circles, and the spatial feature and use pattern have emerged as key aspects for relevant discussion. Research regarding the external space in urban settlements primarily involves relational holistic studies by western scholars and micro-observations by oriental scholars; both approaches have their own limitations. The research presented herein (i) studies external space as a physical space, categorizes the external space characteristics of Chongqing's Shibanpo traditional settlements at three microscopic levels (i.e., upper elements, side elements, and bottom elements), (ii) conducts on-site observations of the use pattern of external space, and (iii) evaluates the interactions between spatial features and use patterns, as well as their joint effects on the development of the external space in the traditional urban settlement. The results indicate that various spatial elements can influence utilization behavior, and this relationship is discussed in detail to provide a foundation to guide future research and decision-making efforts.

    DOI

    Scopus

  • Spatial distribution characteristics of urban private gardens under the influence of shiyin concept (seclusion in the city): Case studies of urban private gardens in Suzhou from the end of the 14th century to the middle of the 18th century

    Wenda Zhang, Xinpeng Wang, Zhehan Zhang, Kai Fang, Yuri Fujii, Nobuaki Furuya

    JAPAN ARCHITECTURAL REVIEW   6 ( 1 )  2023年01月

     概要を見る

    This study examined the spatial distribution characteristics of urban private gardens under the influence of the shiyin concept (seclusion in the city) by studying urban private gardens in Suzhou from the end of the 14th century to the middle of the 18th century. Under the influence of shiyin, private gardens were constructed within the city. The urban spatial distribution features of 38 private gardens were analyzed through space syntax and related methods. The results show that (1) locationally, the private gardens were located more in main functional areas instead of suburban areas, and (2) structurally, the urban private gardens were integrated globally and separated locally in the urban space system. Combined with the discussion of shiyin, the results show that the reclusion aspect of shiyin is not related to the location distribution of urban private gardens, but is reflected more at the structural level, with urban private gardens locally separated from urban space systems. This study provides a new perspective to discuss urban private gardens in terms of urban space and suggests a focus on local structural features of private gardens at the medium and micro level of urban space (such as streets and blocks).

    DOI

    Scopus

  • Research on the Composition and Space Utilization of Residential Neighborhoods in Old Lilong, Shanghai, China:Mutual influence between streets and residences from the dual perspective of “activeness” and residential remodeling rate

    Lin Chen, Kai Fang, Xinpeng Wang, Zhehan Zhang, Nobuaki Furuya

    Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering   21 ( 2 ) 284 - 297  2021年01月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Alongside modern urbanization, traditional Lilong housing structures have undergone tremendous changes in internal and external spatial form and usage status in order to adapt to the needs of modern, social life. In these spontaneous transformations, the street "publicness" and the residential privacy create a set of contradictory relationships that affect the overall morphology of the neighborhood. Taking the traditional lane residential area of Xing'anli, Dongtai Road, Shanghai, China as an example, we analyze the relationship between street "activeness" and the rate of residential remodeling. We attempt to clarify the characteristics of street publicness and housing "privateness" in the traditional Lilong neighborhoods and their mutual effects. This contributes to a comprehensive, workable knowledge of traditional cities and has reference significance for future urban transformation. We analyze the space utilization characteristics of Lilong neighborhoods from two perspectives here. First, with the overflow articles as a medium, we explore the activeness characteristics of different types of roads using the SD method. Second, based on field surveying and mapping, we assess the remodeling characteristics of buildings around different types of roads through remodeling volume and rate statistics. We draw conclusions through careful analysis of the relationship between the street activeness and residential remodeling rate information.

    DOI

    Scopus

    2
    被引用数
    (Scopus)
  • Characteristics, correlations of traditional street space elements and tourist density following spontaneous renovation: a case study on Suzhou’s Shantang Street

    Zhehan Zhang, Kai Fang, Xinpeng Wang, Lin Chen, Wenda Zhang, Nobuaki Furuya

    Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering   20 ( 1 ) 29 - 43  2021年01月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Shantang Street in Suzhou serves as the object of this study; field investigation, street mapping, data statistics, and other methods are utilized to observe spatial elements, tourist density, and the relationships among them. The spatial elements of Shantang Street are divided into basic elements (store density, facade opening, water proximity, D/H) and activity elements (upper shelter, commercial overflow, life overflow). These characteristics are also analyzed quantitatively. Next, tourists on Shantang Street are counted on-site to analyze their basic density. The SPSS software Canonical Correlation tool is utilized to establish a relationship between basic elements and activity elements; a set of canonical variates with a significant correlation between the two are obtained. The SPSS Multiple Regression tool is then used to observe the correlation between tourist density and street space elements. Store density, D/H, water proximity, commercial overflow, life overflow, and tourist density are found to be significantly correlated.

    DOI

    Scopus

    8
    被引用数
    (Scopus)
  • Riverside building boundary spatial characteristics and utilization patterns in China post-urbanization: a case study on Shantang River, Suzhou

    Zhehan Zhang, Kai Fang, Xinpeng Wang, Lin Chen, Wenda Zhang, Guoqing Zhu, Nobuaki Furuya

    Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering   21 ( 2 ) 1 - 16  2020年11月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Suzhou, a Chinese "water town", has undergone an essential transformation in the spatial nature of its riverside area post-urbanization. This research focuses on the spatial characteristics and utilization patterns of the building boundary along the Shantang River in Suzhou through field investigation and correspondence analysis. The constituent elements are determined, and then spatial characteristics are analyzed in terms of space type, river encroachment, and urban connectivity. The relationships between these characteristics and four utilization patterns are discussed. The building boundaries along the river have undergone a fundamental change within the modern era. There are significant relationships between utilization patterns and space type, river encroachment, and urban connectivity. The results presented here can provide workable guidance for effective further development of riverside spaces in Suzhou and beyond.

    DOI

    Scopus

    6
    被引用数
    (Scopus)
  • Characteristics of space network system formed by the constituent elements in urban streets: Tianzifang in Shanghai as a case study

    Kai Fang, Xinpeng Wang, Wenda Zhang, Zhehan Zhang, Yunfei Xie, Lin Chen, Guoqing Zhu, Nobuaki Furuya

    Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering   20 ( 6 ) 1 - 13  2020年09月  [査読有り]

     概要を見る

    Using a street in Shanghai as a case study, a strategy was developed to study an urban network space system by analyzing and interpreting street space from the microscopic perspective of urban composition elements. At the methodological level, this study, using research methods related to Space Syntax Theory, explored the process of establishing urban elements, element space, and a spatial network system for these elements. The analysis included the integration degree and its distribution (overall infiltration characteristics), the systematic degree, and an adjustment relationship graph for local typical areas. There are three conclusions drawn from the analysis: From the perspective of elements, the Tianzifang street space is annularly connected in circles on different scales and connected in parallel to form an overall spatial structure. At the global level, the distribution of integration degrees exhibits a dotted infiltration pattern from the street to the interior, with a local core. In terms of local and global correlations, spaces with higher traffic attributes tend to increase local and global integration, and spaces with stronger functional attributes tend to increase the separation of local from whole. The element space and its associated shallow space of buildings approximate the overall synergy degree.

    DOI

    Scopus

    10
    被引用数
    (Scopus)
  • The influence of atrium types on the consciousness of shared space in amalgamated traditional dwellings – a case study on traditional dwellings in Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, China

    Xinpeng Wang, Kai Fang, Lin Chen, Nobuaki Furuya

    Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering   18 ( 4 ) 335 - 350  2019年09月  [査読有り]

  • Research on the correlation between pedestrian density and street spatial characteristics of commercial blocks in downtown area: a case study on Shanghai Tianzifang

    Kai Fang, Xinpeng Wang, Lin Chen, Zhehan Zhang, Nobuaki Furuya

    JOURNAL OF ASIAN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING ENGINEERING   18 ( 3 ) 237 - 250  2019年05月

     概要を見る

    Taking Shanghai Tianzifang as an example, this study attempted to utilize theories, such as the Space Syntax Theory, to build a multivariate model with street spatial characteristics as variables, and investigate the correlation between street spatial characteristics and pedestrian density in commercial blocks using multivariate regression analyses of the variables in this model. This study inspected two aspects of spatial characteristics of street space. First, in terms of commercial use characteristics, this study examined how pedestrian density is affected by three variables: store density, overflow ratio of store-front space. Density of building exits and entrances. Next, in terms of structural characteristics, this study probed the relationship between commercial pedestrian density and three other variables: street integration, height of buildings on both sides of the streets, and the stores' distance from block entrances. Last, a multivariate regression analysis was conducted on the research data of the six variables. The results validated that four of the variables are correlated with commercial pedestrian density, in the order of their degree of influence: street integration, store density, density of building exits and entrances, and height of buildings on both sides of the streets.[GRAPHICS]

    DOI

    Scopus

    13
    被引用数
    (Scopus)
  • Reconsideration and Revelation of the Relationship among Big Events, Preservation and Urbanization in the Context of Metabolism Concept

    Xinpeng Wang

    学術講演梗概集2015   2015   943 - 944  2015年09月  [査読有り]

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講演・口頭発表等

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Misc

 

現在担当している科目

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他学部・他研究科等兼任情報

  • 理工学術院   大学院創造理工学研究科

特定課題制度(学内資金)

  • 東アジアの伝統的街並み空間の〈多層的構造〉の研究

    2023年  

     概要を見る

    During this year, the establishment of the overall theoretical framework and the collection and arrangement of corresponding research objects were further improved. Specifically:(1) Research theory, sort out and review relevant literature, clarify the core and boundaries of the core concept "multi-layer composition", and redefine related concepts such as "elastic composition" and "multi-layer composition".(2) In terms of research methods, the research model and analysis methods have been re-optimized. Try to supplement and test quantitative analysis methods based on space syntax.(3) In terms of research objects, we conducted an inspection and screening of key target streets in Kyoto, a secondary survey of target streets in Jingzhou, China, and an inspection of potential targets (expected to apply to cultural heritage). also,Co-authored two articles for Scopus journals, which have been published.Guided the completion of a doctoral thesis on the comparison of traditional Chinese gardens in Japan.

  • 公共空間は衰退する? ―東アジアの高密度都市における街路の界面空間に関する研究―

    2022年  

     概要を見る

    This research project focuses on the imagination of the decline of urban public space, especially because of COVID-19 and other reasons, this phenomenon has been accelerated, and it is more reflected in blocks with commercial as the main function. But at the same time, some neighborhoods took the lead in recovering from the epidemic because of their flexible resilience.This study collects and arranges first-hand data through field surveys on the blocks in the Okubo area of Tokyo and the blocks in the central urban area of Okinawa, in preparation for subsequent paper submissions.During the research process, I also got acquainted with many local shops and trade unions to accumulate for further questionnaires and exchange meetings.

  • 日本・中国おける街路の「伸縮空間」の概念提示および空間評価に関する研究

    2021年  

     概要を見る

    This project is based on the "Theory of Elastic Space" proposed in the applicant's doctoral dissertation, and discusses the higher practicality of the traditional street space in Japan and China. The following is accomplished:The latest academic literature, optimization of research models, screening of pre-research subjects, and publication of den journal papers with previous data.