上田 路子 (ウエダ ミチコ)

写真a

所属

政治経済学術院 政治経済学部

職名

准教授

ホームページ

https://waseda.pure.elsevier.com/en/persons/michiko-ueda

学位 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology   Ph.D.

 

論文 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Who is more likely to ignore experts' advice related to COVID-19?

    Brian A. O'Shea, Michiko Ueda

    Preventive Medicine Reports   23   101470 - 101470  2021年09月  [査読有り]

    DOI

  • Green space and suicide mortality in Japan: An ecological study

    Wenhao Jiang, Andrew Stickley, Michiko Ueda

    Social Science & Medicine   282   114137 - 114137  2021年08月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:最終著者, 責任著者

    DOI

  • Suicide trends in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic: an interrupted time-series analysis of preliminary data from 21 countries.

    Jane Pirkis, Ann John, Sangsoo Shin, Marcos DelPozo-Banos, Vikas Arya, Pablo Analuisa-Aguilar, Louis Appleby, Ella Arensman, Jason Bantjes, Anna Baran, Jose M Bertolote, Guilherme Borges, Petrana Brečić, Eric Caine, Giulio Castelpietra, Shu-Sen Chang, David Colchester, David Crompton, Marko Curkovic, Eberhard A Deisenhammer, Chengan Du, Jeremy Dwyer, Annette Erlangsen, Jeremy S Faust, Sarah Fortune, Andrew Garrett, Devin George, Rebekka Gerstner, Renske Gilissen, Madelyn Gould, Keith Hawton, Joseph Kanter, Navneet Kapur, Murad Khan, Olivia J Kirtley, Duleeka Knipe, Kairi Kolves, Stuart Leske, Kedar Marahatta, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Nikolay Neznanov, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Emma Nielsen, Merete Nordentoft, Herwig Oberlerchner, Rory C O'Connor, Melissa Pearson, Michael R Phillips, Steve Platt, Paul L Plener, Georg Psota, Ping Qin, Daniel Radeloff, Christa Rados, Andreas Reif, Christine Reif-Leonhard, Vsevolod Rozanov, Christiane Schlang, Barbara Schneider, Natalia Semenova, Mark Sinyor, Ellen Townsend, Michiko Ueda, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Roger T Webb, Manjula Weerasinghe, Gil Zalsman, David Gunnell, Matthew J Spittal

    Lancet Psychiatry   8 ( 7 ) 579 - 588  2021年07月  [査読有り]  [国際誌]

     概要を見る

    BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic is having profound mental health consequences for many people. Concerns have been expressed that, at their most extreme, these consequences could manifest as increased suicide rates. We aimed to assess the early effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on suicide rates around the world. METHODS: We sourced real-time suicide data from countries or areas within countries through a systematic internet search and recourse to our networks and the published literature. Between Sept 1 and Nov 1, 2020, we searched the official websites of these countries' ministries of health, police agencies, and government-run statistics agencies or equivalents, using the translated search terms "suicide" and "cause of death", before broadening the search in an attempt to identify data through other public sources. Data were included from a given country or area if they came from an official government source and were available at a monthly level from at least Jan 1, 2019, to July 31, 2020. Our internet searches were restricted to countries with more than 3 million residents for pragmatic reasons, but we relaxed this rule for countries identified through the literature and our networks. Areas within countries could also be included with populations of less than 3 million. We used an interrupted time-series analysis to model the trend in monthly suicides before COVID-19 (from at least Jan 1, 2019, to March 31, 2020) in each country or area within a country, comparing the expected number of suicides derived from the model with the observed number of suicides in the early months of the pandemic (from April 1 to July 31, 2020, in the primary analysis). FINDINGS: We sourced data from 21 countries (16 high-income and five upper-middle-income countries), including whole-country data in ten countries and data for various areas in 11 countries). Rate ratios (RRs) and 95% CIs based on the observed versus expected numbers of suicides showed no evidence of a significant increase in risk of suicide since the pandemic began in any country or area. There was statistical evidence of a decrease in suicide compared with the expected number in 12 countries or areas: New South Wales, Australia (RR 0·81 [95% CI 0·72-0·91]); Alberta, Canada (0·80 [0·68-0·93]); British Columbia, Canada (0·76 [0·66-0·87]); Chile (0·85 [0·78-0·94]); Leipzig, Germany (0·49 [0·32-0·74]); Japan (0·94 [0·91-0·96]); New Zealand (0·79 [0·68-0·91]); South Korea (0·94 [0·92-0·97]); California, USA (0·90 [0·85-0·95]); Illinois (Cook County), USA (0·79 [0·67-0·93]); Texas (four counties), USA (0·82 [0·68-0·98]); and Ecuador (0·74 [0·67-0·82]). INTERPRETATION: This is the first study to examine suicides occurring in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in multiple countries. In high-income and upper-middle-income countries, suicide numbers have remained largely unchanged or declined in the early months of the pandemic compared with the expected levels based on the pre-pandemic period. We need to remain vigilant and be poised to respond if the situation changes as the longer-term mental health and economic effects of the pandemic unfold. FUNDING: None.

    DOI PubMed

  • Short-Term Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Suicidal Ideation.

    Hajime Sueki, Michiko Ueda

    Crisis    2021年06月  [査読有り]  [国際誌]

     概要を見る

    Background: Few studies have examined the effect of pandemics on suicide-related outcomes. Aims: We examined whether suicidal ideation levels among the general population changed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic by tracking individuals between January and April 2020. Method: We used a prospective observational longitudinal design (n = 6,683) and stratified sampling to conduct online surveys of the general adult population in Japan before (baseline) and during the pandemic (follow-up). Results: Suicidal ideation levels were significantly lower during than before the pandemic; however, the effect size was very small. Participants who were younger, with unstable employment, without children, with low income, and receiving psychiatric care were more likely to have higher suicidal ideation levels during the pandemic. Limitations: Because this was an Internet survey and subject to selection bias, the sample was not necessarily representative of the Japanese population. At the time of the survey, COVID-19 cases and deaths in Japan were relatively lower than in other developed countries. The dropout rate may have affected the results. Conclusion: Although the short-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on suicidal ideation is limited, relatively young and economically vulnerable individuals are more likely to show exacerbated suicidal ideation during the pandemic.

    DOI PubMed

  • Suicide and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan.

    Michiko Ueda, Robert Nordström, Tetsuya Matsubayashi

    Journal of Public Health (Oxford, England)    2021年04月  [査読有り]  [国際誌]

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者

     概要を見る

    BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is an unprecedented public health crisis, but its effect on suicide deaths is little understood. METHODS: We analyzed data from monthly suicide statistics between January 2017 and October 2020 and from online surveys on mental health filled out by the general population in Japan. RESULTS: Compared to the 2017-19 period, the number of suicide deaths during the initial phase of the pandemic was lower than average but exceeded the past trend from July 2020. Female suicides, whose numbers increased by approximately 70% in October 2020 (incidence rate ratio: 1.695, 95% confidence interval: 1.558-1.843), were the main source of this increase. The largest increase was found among young women (less than 40 years of age). Our survey data indicated that the status of young women's mental health has been deteriorating in recent months and that young female workers were more likely to have experienced a job or income loss than any other group, suggesting adverse economic conditions surrounding them. CONCLUSIONS: Continuous monitoring of mental health, particularly that of the most vulnerable populations identified in this study, and appropriate suicide prevention efforts are necessary during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    DOI PubMed

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書籍等出版物 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Economic analysis of suicide prevention : towards evidence-based policy-making

    Yasuyuki Sawada, Michiko Ueda, Tetsuya Matsubayashi

    Springer  2017年 ISBN: 9789811014994

  • 自殺のない社会へ : 経済学・政治学からのエビデンスに基づくアプローチ

    澤田 康幸, 上田 路子, 松林 哲也

    有斐閣  2013年 ISBN: 9784641173910

Misc 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Japan’s suicide rate highlights the other health challenges stemming from the pandemic

    Michiko Ueda

    Washington Post    2020年12月  [招待有り]   [ 国際誌 ]

    記事・総説・解説・論説等(商業誌、新聞、ウェブメディア)  

  • Graph-based open-ended survey on concerns related to COVID-19

    Tatsuro Kawamoto, Takaaki Aoki, Michiko Ueda

       2020年12月

     概要を見る

    The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented public health crisis with broad
    social and economic consequences. We conducted four surveys between April and
    August 2020 using the graph-based open-ended survey (GOS) framework, and
    investigated the most pressing concerns and issues for the general public in
    Japan. The GOS framework is a hybrid of the two traditional survey frameworks
    that allows respondents to post their opinions in a free-format style, which
    can subsequently serve as one of the choice items for other respondents, just
    as in a multiple-choice survey. As a result, this framework generates an
    opinion graph that relates opinions and respondents. We can also construct
    annotated opinion graphs to achieve a higher resolution. By clustering the
    annotated opinion graphs, we revealed the characteristic evolution of the
    response patterns as well as the interconnectedness and multi-faceted nature of
    opinions.

  • 自殺と報道

    上田路子, 松林哲也

    日経ビジネス 新しい経済の教科書     106 - 111  2015年05月  [招待有り]

     概要を見る

    2015/5/20

  • 政治学・経済学から示す自殺対策のエビデンス

    上田 路子, 松林 哲也

    よくわかる自殺対策―多分野連携と現場力で「いのち」を守る     43 - 46  2015年04月

  • 鉄道自殺の現状と予防策

    松林 哲也, 澤田 康幸, 上田 路子

    精神科治療学   30 ( 3 ) 381 - 386  2015年03月

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共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題 【 表示 / 非表示

  • メディアと自殺:メディア上の自殺に関する情報の実態とその自殺者数への影響の解明

    基盤研究(B)

    研究期間:

    2020年04月
    -
    2024年03月
     

    上田 路子

  • チャット悩み相談に寄せられた相談内容の深刻度判定とその成果の相談事業への応用

    研究期間:

    2021年04月
    -
    2022年03月
     

  • 社会経済環境と自殺

    研究期間:

    2019年04月
    -
    2020年03月
     

    上田 路子

    担当区分: 研究代表者

  • 自殺報道の過去30年間の変遷とその影響:5カ国データの比較実証研究

    研究期間:

    2018年10月
    -
    2020年03月
     

    上田 路子

    担当区分: 研究代表者

  • 自殺の社会経済的要因と自殺対策の実証分析:エビデンスに基づいた政策評価と提言

    研究期間:

    2017年04月
    -
    2020年03月
     

    上田 路子

    担当区分: 研究代表者

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特定課題研究 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 日本人の自殺念慮と自殺観の背景に関するサーベイ調査

    2020年  

     概要を見る

    日本人の自殺念慮(死にたいと思うこと)と孤独感に関するサーベイ調査を2021年1月実施した。対象は日本在住の一般市民1000人とした。また、早稲田大学に在籍する学生を対象としたオンラインサーベイも実施した。後者では自殺念慮については質問しなかったものの、抑うつ傾向と不安障害、孤独感や孤食について調査を行った。

  • 大規模クラスルーム内のピアエフェクトについての研究

    2020年   田中久稔, 星野匡郎

     概要を見る

    本研究は大規模教室で実施される講義を用いてフィールド実験を行い、教室内着席位置と学生の学業パフォーマンスの因果関係を明らかにすることを目的としているが、2020年度は大教室における講義が行われなかったため、実験は実施することができなかった。そのため、将来に向けて準備を行った。

  • 自殺に関するポジティブなメディアコンテンツの人への影響についての実験

    2019年  

     概要を見る

    本研究では、自殺に関する内容を含む映画を用い、ポジティブな内容(例:主人公が自殺を考えていたが、その後立ち直ったストーリー)とそうでない内容(例:悩みを抱えた主人公が悩みの解決に至らず、最終的に自ら命を絶つ)の二つの種類の映画を被験者に見せ、その前後で自殺に関する考えなどがどのように変化するかを計測する実験を実施することを目的としていた。研究計画を立てる際には、自殺に関する報道や情報でもその内容が最終的にポジティブなものであれば、自殺を考えている人に良い影響を与えるということが先行研究により示されていることを参考にした。その後研究内容に改善を加え、19年度は実験の準備を行った。

  • 自殺報道と自殺の連鎖:ツイッターデータを用いたメカニズム分析

    2016年   松林哲也, 澤田康幸

     概要を見る

    本研究は著名人の自殺に関する SNS(ソーシャルネットワークサービス)上での人々の反応を分析した。具体的には、2010年から2014年に自殺で亡くなった23名の著名人の死亡記事が報道された前後におけるツイッターでの投稿数を分析した。その結果、自殺報道直後に死亡した著名人に関するツイッターでの投稿数は急増すること、しかしすべての著名人についての投稿数が増えるわけではなく、新聞などでは取り上げられているものの、ツイッターの利用者の間でほとんど話題になっていない著名人の自殺もあることが明らかになった。さらに、ツイッター上で話題になった著名人の自殺報道の後には自殺者数がより多く増加する傾向も明らかになった。

 

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