Updated on 2022/05/25

写真a

 
USUI, Chiyoko
 
Affiliation
Faculty of Sport Sciences, School of Sport and Sciences
Job title
Assistant Professor(without tenure)

Education

  • 2004.04
    -
    2008.03

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Human Sciences  

  • 1999.04
    -
    2001.03

    Waseda University   Graduate School of Human Sciences  

  • 1995.04
    -
    1999.03

    Tokyo Woman's Christian University   Department of Mathematics  

Degree

  • 東京女子大学   学士(理学)

  • 2001.03   早稲田大学   修士(人間科学)

  • 2008.03   早稲田大学   博士(人間科学)

Research Experience

  • 2019.04
    -
    Now

    Waseda University   Faculty of Sport Sciences

  • 2015.04
    -
    Now

    National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition

  • 2010.10
    -
    Now

    Tsuda College   Faculty of Liberal Arts

  • 2015.04
    -
    2018.03

    Tokyo Woman's Christian University   School of Arts and Sciences Division of Human Sciences

  • 2011.04
    -
    2015.03

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

  • 2010.04
    -
    2011.03

    National Institute of Health and Nutrition

  • 2008.04
    -
    2009.03

    Waseda University   Consolidated Research Institute for Advanced Science and Medical Care

  • 2005.04
    -
    2008.03

    Waseda University   Faculty of Sport Sciences

  • 2003.04
    -
    2004.03

    National Institute of Health and Nutrition

  • 2002.11
    -
    2003.03

    National Institute of Health and Nutrition

  • 2001.10
    -
    2002.10

    National Institute of Health and Nutrition

  • 2019.02
    -
    2019.09

    Japan Women's College of Physical Education

  • 2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    Tokyo Gakugei University   Faculty of Education

  • 2016.04
    -
    2019.03

    Waseda University   Institute for Sport Sciences

  • 2017.04
    -
    2017.09

    Ferris University   Faculty of Global and Inter-Cultural Studies

  • 2011.04
    -
    2015.03

    National Institute of Health and Nutrition

  • 2010.04
    -
    2010.09

    国立障害者リハビリテーションセンター学院   非常勤講師

  • 2007.04
    -
    2008.09

    Toyo Eiwa University   The Faculty of Human Sciences

  • 2005.04
    -
    2008.03

    National Institute of Health and Nutrition

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Professional Memberships

  • 2016.04
    -
    Now

    日本発育発達学会

  • 2016.04
    -
    Now

    日本公衆衛生学会

  • 2014.04
    -
    Now

    日本スポーツ栄養学会

  • 2004.04
    -
    Now

    European College of Sport Scienc

  • 2003.04
    -
    Now

    日本フットボール学会

  • 2003.04
    -
    Now

    日本栄養改善学会

  • 2000.04
    -
    Now

    日本体力医学会

  • 2005.04
    -
    2008.03

    American College of Sports Medicine

▼display all

 

Research Areas

  • Nutrition science and health science

  • Sports sciences

Research Interests

  • 応用健康科学

  • スポーツ栄養学

  • 体力科学

  • エネルギー代謝

Papers

  • Association between alcohol dietary pattern and prevalence of dyslipidaemia: WASEDA'S Health Study.

    Kumpei Tanisawa, Tomoko Ito, Ryoko Kawakami, Chiyoko Usui, Takuji Kawamura, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Shizuo Sakamoto, Kaori Ishii, Isao Muraoka, Koichiro Oka, Mitsuru Higuchi

    The British journal of nutrition     1 - 31  2021.07  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    The association between a dietary pattern characterised by high alcohol intake and dyslipidaemia has not been fully investigated. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the association between alcohol dietary patterns and the prevalence of dyslipidaemia and its components. This cross-sectional study enrolled 2,171 men and women aged ≥40 years who were alumni of a Japanese university. To identify dietary patterns, a principal component analysis was performed based on the energy-adjusted food intake estimated by a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were identified, the second of which was named the alcohol dietary pattern and was characterised by a high intake of alcoholic beverages, liver, chicken, and fish. This alcohol dietary pattern was associated with reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. The fully adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of high LDL-C for the lowest through highest quartile of alcohol dietary pattern score were 1.00 (reference), 0.83 (0.64-1.08), 0.84 (0.64-1.10), and 0.68 (0.49- 0.94), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the alcohol dietary pattern was inversely associated with the prevalence of dyslipidaemia in women, whereas it was positively associated with high triglyceride levels in men. In conclusion, the alcohol dietary pattern, characterised by a high intake of alcoholic beverages, liver, chicken, and fish, was associated with the prevalence of dyslipidaemia and its components. This finding provides useful information for the prevention and treatment of dyslipidaemia by modifying the diet.

    DOI PubMed

  • Development and validation of a simple anthropometric equation to predict appendicular skeletal muscle mass

    Ryoko Kawakami, Motohiko Miyachi, Kumpei Tanisawa, Tomoko Ito, Chiyoko Usui, Taishi Midorikawa, Suguru Torii, Kaori Ishii, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Shizuo Sakamoto, Mitsuru Higuchi, Isao Muraoka, Koichiro Oka

    Clinical Nutrition    2021.09

    DOI

  • Determinants of Resting Oxidative Stress in Middle-Aged and Elderly Men and Women: WASEDA'S Health Study.

    Takuji Kawamura, Kumpei Tanisawa, Ryoko Kawakami, Chiyoko Usui, Tomoko Ito, Hiroki Tabata, Nobuhiro Nakamura, Sayaka Kurosawa, Wonjun Choi, Sihui Ma, Zsolt Radak, Susumu S Sawada, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Kaori Ishii, Shizuo Sakamoto, Koichiro Oka, Mitsuru Higuchi, Isao Muraoka

    Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity   2021   5566880 - 5566880  2021  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    Previous studies have not investigated the determinants of resting oxidative stress, including physical fitness, as it relates to redox regulation. The present study therefore was aimed at identifying lifestyle and biological factors that determine resting oxidative stress, including objectively measured physical fitness. In 873 middle-aged and elderly men and women, age and anthropometric parameters, lifestyle-related parameters, medication and supplementation status, physical fitness, biochemical parameters, and nutritional intake status, as well as three plasma oxidative stress markers: protein carbonyl (PC), F2-isoprostane (F2-IsoP), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), were surveyed and measured. The determinants of PC, F2-IsoP, and TBARS in all participants were investigated using stepwise multiple regression analysis. In PC, age (β = -0.11, P = 0.002), leg extension power (β = -0.12, P = 0.008), BMI (β = 0.12, P = 0.004), and HDL-C (β = 0.08, P = 0.040) were included in the regression model (adjusted R 2 = 0.018). In the F2-IsoP, smoking status (β = 0.07, P = 0.060), BMI (β = 0.07, P = 0.054), and HbA1c (β = -0.06, P = 0.089) were included in the regression model (adjusted R 2 = 0.006). In TBARS, glucose (β = 0.18, P < 0.001), CRF (β = 0.16, P < 0.001), age (β = 0.15, P < 0.001), TG (β = 0.11, P = 0.001), antioxidant supplementation (β = 0.10, P = 0.002), and HbA1c (β = -0.13, P = 0.004) were included in the regression model (adjusted R 2 = 0.071). In conclusion, the present study showed that age, anthropometric index, lifestyle-related parameters, medication and supplementation status, objectively measured physical fitness, biochemical parameters, and nutritional intake status explain less than 10% of oxidative stress at rest.

    DOI PubMed

  • Cut-offs for calf circumference as a screening tool for low muscle mass: WASEDA'S Health Study.

    Ryoko Kawakami, Motohiko Miyachi, Susumu S Sawada, Suguru Torii, Taishi Midorikawa, Kumpei Tanisawa, Tomoko Ito, Chiyoko Usui, Kaori Ishii, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Shizuo Sakamoto, Mitsuru Higuchi, Isao Muraoka, Koichiro Oka

    Geriatrics & gerontology international   20 ( 10 ) 943 - 950  2020.10  [Refereed]  [Domestic journal]

     View Summary

    AIM: To re-evaluate the suitability of calf circumference as a surrogate marker of low muscle mass measured by both bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We also examined the effects of obesity and age on low muscle mass screening using calf circumference. METHODS: In total, 1239 adults participated in this cross-sectional study. We measured the maximum calf circumference in a standing position and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) using BIA and DXA. We defined low muscle mass based on the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019 consensus. RESULTS: Calf circumference was positively correlated with BIA-measured ASM/height2 (men: r = 0.81, women: r = 0.73) and DXA-measured ASM/height2 (men: r = 0.78, women: r = 0.76). In the subgroup analyses by obesity and age, calf circumference was also positively correlated with ASM/height2 . The optimal calf circumference cut-offs for low muscle mass screening measured by BIA and DXA were 35 cm (sensitivity 91%, specificity 84%) and 36 cm (sensitivity 82%, specificity 80%) for men, and 33 cm (sensitivity 82%, specificity 84%) and 34 cm (sensitivity 85%, specificity 72%) for women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Calf circumference is positively correlated with BIA- and DXA-measured muscle mass regardless of obesity and age and is a simple and accurate surrogate marker of muscle mass for diagnosing sarcopenia. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; 20: 943-950.

    DOI PubMed

  • Visceral fat and cardiorespiratory fitness with prevalence of pre-diabetes/diabetes mellitus among middle-aged and elderly Japanese people: WASEDA'S Health Study.

    Chiyoko Usui, Ryoko Kawakami, Kumpei Tanisawa, Tomoko Ito, Hiroki Tabata, Satoshi Iizuka, Takuji Kawamura, Taishi Midorikawa, Susumu S Sawada, Suguru Torii, Shizuo Sakamoto, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Kaori Ishii, Koichiro Oka, Isao Muraoka, Mitsuru Higuchi

    PloS one   15 ( 10 ) e0241018  2020  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    The relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) measurements not confounded by adiposity and the prevalence of pre-diabetes mellitus (pre-DM) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are not well known. Thus, we aimed to investigate the associations of visceral fat (VF) and CRF with the prevalence of pre-DM/DM among Japanese adults. The study included 970 individuals (327 women and 643 men) who were 40-87 years old and had complete health examinations, abdominal fat area, and fitness data from WASEDA'S Health Study during 2015-2018. The VF area was measured using magnetic resonance imaging. CRF was measured using a cycle ergometer and was defined as VO2peak divided by fat free mass. The pre-DM/DM was identified based on the questionnaire and fasting blood tests. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for prevalence of pre-DM/DM were calculated. Seventy-three participants had pre-DM and 48 participants had DM. Compared to the low VF group, the high VF group had a higher prevalence of pre-DM/DM (OR: 1.87, 95% CI: 1.18-2.96), although no significant relationship was observed between CRF and pre-DM/DM prevalence (P for trend = 0.239). The sub-group analyses also revealed no significant relationship between CRF and pre-DM/DM prevalence in the low VF group (P for trend = 0.979), although CRF values were inversely related to the prevalence of pre-DM/DM in the high VF group (P for trend = 0.024). Although CRF was not independently related to the prevalence of pre-DM/DM after adjusting for adiposity, higher VF values were related to a higher prevalence of pre-DM/DM. In addition, CRF levels were inversely associated with the prevalence of pre-DM/DM only among high VF individuals.

    DOI PubMed

  • Simple Prediction of Metabolic Equivalents of Daily Activities Using Heart Rate Monitor without Calibration of Individuals.

    Yuko Caballero, Takafumi J Ando, Satoshi Nakae, Chiyoko Usui, Tomoko Aoyama, Motofumi Nakanishi, Sho Nagayoshi, Yoko Fujiwara, Shigeho Tanaka

    International journal of environmental research and public health   17 ( 1 )  2019.12  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    BACKGROUND: Heart rate (HR) during physical activity is strongly affected by the level of physical fitness. Therefore, to assess the effects of fitness, we developed predictive equations to estimate the metabolic equivalent (MET) of daily activities, which includes low intensity activities, by % HR reserve (%HRR), resting HR, and multiple physical characteristics. METHODS: Forty volunteers between the ages of 21 and 55 performed 20 types of daily activities while recording HR and sampling expired gas to evaluate METs values. Multiple regression analysis was performed to develop prediction models of METs with seven potential predictors, such as %HRR, resting HR, and sex. The contributing parameters were selected based on the brute force method. Additionally, leave-one-out method was performed to validate the prediction models. RESULTS: %HRR, resting HR, sex, and height were selected as the independent variables. %HRR showed the highest contribution in the model, while the other variables exhibited small variances. METs were estimated within a 17.3% difference for each activity, with large differences in document arrangement while sitting (+17%), ascending stairs (-8%), and descending stairs (+8%). CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that %HRR is a strong predictor for estimating the METs of daily activities. Resting HR and other variables were mild contributors. (201 words).

    DOI PubMed

  • Micronutrient Intake Adequacy in Men and Women with a Healthy Japanese Dietary Pattern.

    Tomoko Ito, Kumpei Tanisawa, Ryoko Kawakami, Chiyoko Usui, Kaori Ishii, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Shizuo Sakamoto, Isao Muraoka, Koichiro Oka, Mitsuru Higuchi

    Nutrients   12 ( 1 )  2019.12  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    This study examined the relationship between a healthy Japanese dietary pattern and micronutrient intake adequacy based on the Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese 2015 (DRIs-J 2015) in men and women. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1418 men and 795 women aged 40-87 years, who participated in the Waseda Alumni's Sports, Exercise, Daily Activity, Sedentariness, and Health Study. Dietary patterns were derived from principal component analysis of the consumption of 52 food and beverage items, which were assessed by a validated brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Micronutrient intakes were quantified using the dietary reference intakes score (DRIs-score) for 21 micronutrients (based on DRIs-J 2015). The healthy dietary pattern score was significantly and positively correlated with the intakes of all 21 micronutrients used for constructing the DRIs-score in men and in women (each, p < 0.001). In both sexes, the healthy dietary pattern scores were strongly and positively associated with DRIs-scores (in men: ρ = 0.806, p < 0.001; in women: ρ = 0.868, p < 0.001), and the DRIs-scores reached a plateau around the highest tertile of the healthy dietary pattern score. These results indicate that a healthy Japanese dietary pattern is associated with adequate micronutrient intakes based on the DRIs-J 2015 in both men and women.

    DOI PubMed

  • Prediction of Physical Activity Intensity with Accelerometry in Young Children.

    Chiaki Tanaka, Yuki Hikihara, Takafumi Ando, Yoshitake Oshima, Chiyoko Usui, Yuji Ohgi, Koichi Kaneda, Shigeho Tanaka

    International journal of environmental research and public health   16 ( 6 )  2019.03  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    Background: An algorithm for the classification of ambulatory and non-ambulatory activities using the ratio of unfiltered to filtered synthetic acceleration measured with a triaxial accelerometer and predictive models for physical activity intensity (METs) in adults and in elementary school children has been developed. The purpose of the present study was to derive predictive equations for METs with a similar algorithm in young children. Methods: Thirty-seven healthy Japanese children (four- to six-years old) participated in this study. The five non-ambulatory activities including low-intensity activities, and five ambulatory activities were selected. The raw accelerations using a triaxial accelerometer and energy expenditure by indirect calorimetry using the Douglas bag method during each activity were collected. Results: For non-ambulatory activities, especially light-intensity non-ambulatory activities, linear regression equations with a predetermined intercept (0.9) or quadratic equations were a better fit than the linear regression. The equations were different from those for adults and elementary school children. On the other hand, the ratios of unfiltered to filtered synthetic acceleration in non-ambulatory activities were different from those in ambulatory activities, as in adults and elementary school children. Conclusions: Our calibration model for young children could accurately predict intensity of physical activity including low-intensity non-ambulatory activities.

    DOI PubMed

  • Physical activity in young children during outdoor and indoor free playing time and in physical education lessons in preschools

    Tanaka Chiaki, Ando Takafumi, Usui Chiyoko, Hikihara Yuki, Sasaki Reiko, Inayama Takayo, Tanaka Shigeho

    Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   68 ( 3 ) 207 - 213  2019  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p></p><p>The primary aim of this study was to examine moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels in preschool children during indoor and outdoor free playing time and during preschool physical education (PE) classes. The secondary aim was to determine which types of PE lessons are the best for increasing the percentage of MVPA. Physical activity during free playing time and in lessons was objectively evaluated with a triaxial accelerometer in preschool boys and girls (n = 281). Minutes of physical activity were categorized into physical activity ratios (PAR). MVPA was defined as PAR ≥3.0. Time tables and PE lesson types were recorded using logs kept by class teachers. The percentage of MVPA in outdoor free playing time (38.9±16.3%) was significantly higher than that of indoor free playing time (12.6±10.1%, p<0.001). On the other hand, there was no significant difference between the percentage in MVPA in outdoor free playing time and the percentage in PE lessons (n=94: 38.0±19.4%vs. 34.9±15.8%, ns). After adjustment for gender, age, body height and weight and preschool, there were not significantly different the percentage of MVPA among contents of PE lessons. In conclusion, children engaged in almost 30~40% MVPA during outdoor free playing time or PE. The children also engaged MVPA during indoor free playing time.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Validity of estimating physical activity intensity using a triaxial accelerometer in healthy adults and older adults.

    Sho Nagayoshi, Yoshitake Oshima, Takafumi Ando, Tomoko Aoyama, Satoshi Nakae, Chiyoko Usui, Shuzo Kumagai, Shigeho Tanaka

    BMJ open sport & exercise medicine   5 ( 1 ) e000592  2019  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    Background: A triaxial accelerometer with an algorithm that could discriminate locomotive and non-locomotive activities in adults has been developed. However, in the elderly, this accelerometer has not yet been validated. The aim were to examine the validity of this accelerometer in the healthy elderly, and to compare the results with those derived in a healthy younger sample. Methods: Twenty-nine healthy elderly subjects aged 60-80 years (Elderly), and 42 adults aged 20-59 years (Younger) participated. All subjects performed 11 activities, including locomotive and non-locomotive activities with a Douglas bag while wearing the accelerometer (Active style Pro HJA-750C). Physical activity intensities were expressed as metabolic equivalents (METs). The relationship between the METs measured using the Douglas bag and METs predicted using the accelerometer was evaluated. Results: A significant correlation between actual and predicted METs was observed in both Elderly (r=0.85, p<0.001) and Younger (r=0.88, p<0.001). Predicted METs significantly underestimated compared with actual METs in both groups (p<0.001). The mean of the errors was -0.6±0.6 METs in Elderly and -0.1±0.5 METs in Younger. The degree of underestimation increased with increasing METs in Elderly (p<0.001). A stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that predicted METs, age, and weight were related to actual METs in both groups. Conclusion: The degree of correlation between predicted and actual METs was comparable in elderly and younger participants, but the prediction errors were greater in elderly participants, particular at higher-intensity activities, which suggests that different predicting equations may be needed for the elderly.

    DOI PubMed

  • Effect of diurnal variations in the carbohydrate and fat composition of meals on postprandial glycemic response in healthy adults: a novel insight for the second-meal phenomenon.

    Takafumi Ando, Satoshi Nakae, Chiyoko Usui, Eiichi Yoshimura, Nobuo Nishi, Hidemi Takimoto, Shigeho Tanaka

    The American journal of clinical nutrition   108 ( 2 ) 332 - 342  2018.08  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    Background: Meals, particularly carbohydrate intake, determine diurnal blood glucose (BG) excursions. However, the effect of meals with variable carbohydrate content on diurnal BG excursions remains poorly understood, despite routine consumption of meals that vary daily. Objective: The aim of this study was to verify our hypothesis that glycemic response is elevated when a meal with a higher carbohydrate content follows a meal with a lower carbohydrate content. Design: This was a secondary analysis of a study whose primary endpoint was energy metabolism (e.g., energy expenditure and substrate oxidation). This crossover study was designed to test BG responses to 3 types of meals with different macronutrient contents [regular meals (R), meals with a high-carbohydrate breakfast (CB), and meals with a high-fat breakfast (FB)] using a continuous glucose monitoring system. The R test included 3 meals/d with the same macronutrient composition; the CB test, a high-carbohydrate meal at breakfast, a high-fat meal at lunch, and a high-carbohydrate meal at dinner; and the FB test, a high-fat meal at breakfast, a high-carbohydrate meal at lunch, and a high-carbohydrate meal at dinner. Each test had similar daily macronutrient compositions, except CB and FB had larger variations in carbohydrate content than R. Fourteen healthy young men were tested in random order and underwent whole-body indirect calorimetry. Results: Daily peak BG concentrations were higher for the CB (mean ± SD: 143.9 ± 25.3 mg/dL) and FB (140.2 ± 24.8 mg/dL) conditions than for the R condition (127.5 ± 15.7 mg/dL). Postprandial BG peaks after a high-carbohydrate meal were ∼20 mg/dL higher when a previous meal was relatively high-fat than when not high-fat (P < 0.05 for all). A multiple regression analysis indicated that the postprandial glycemic response was negatively associated with the preprandial respiratory quotient. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that switching from high-fat to high-carbohydrate meals contributes to larger postprandial BG excursions, along with alterations in prioritization of carbohydrate utilization. This study was registered at the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry as UMIN000028895.

    DOI PubMed

  • Estimating metabolic equivalents for activities in daily life using acceleration and heart rate in wearable devices.

    Motofumi Nakanishi, Shintaro Izumi, Sho Nagayoshi, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Masahiko Yoshimoto, Toshikazu Shiga, Takafumi Ando, Satoshi Nakae, Chiyoko Usui, Tomoko Aoyama, Shigeho Tanaka

    Biomedical engineering online   17 ( 1 ) 100 - 100  2018.07  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    BACKGROUND: Herein, an algorithm that can be used in wearable health monitoring devices to estimate metabolic equivalents (METs) based on physical activity intensity data, particularly for certain activities in daily life that make MET estimation difficult. RESULTS: Energy expenditure data were obtained from 42 volunteers using indirect calorimetry, triaxial accelerations and heart rates. The proposed algorithm used the percentage of heart rate reserve (%HRR) and the acceleration signal from the wearable device to divide the data into a middle-intensity group and a high-intensity group (HIG). The two groups were defined in terms of estimated METs. Evaluation results revealed that the classification accuracy for both groups was higher than 91%. To further facilitate MET estimation, five multiple-regression models using different features were evaluated via leave-one-out cross-validation. Using this approach, all models showed significant improvements in mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) of METs in the HIG, which included stair ascent, and the maximum reduction in MAPE for HIG was 24% compared to the previous model (HJA-750), which demonstrated a 70.7% improvement ratio. The most suitable model for our purpose that utilized heart rate and filtered synthetic acceleration was selected and its estimation error trend was confirmed. CONCLUSION: For HIG, the MAPE recalculated by the most suitable model was 10.5%. The improvement ratio was 71.6% as compared to the previous model (HJA-750C). This result was almost identical to that obtained from leave-one-out cross-validation. This proposed algorithm revealed an improvement in estimation accuracy for activities in daily life; in particular, the results included estimated values associated with stair ascent, which has been a difficult activity to evaluate so far.

    DOI PubMed

  • Associations of physical fitness and dietary intake with body mass index in female university students

    Science reports of Tokyo Woman's Christian University   67   2023 - 2036  2017

    CiNii

  • Brown adipose tissue is involved in diet-induced thermogenesis and whole-body fat utilization in healthy humans

    M. Hibi, S. Oishi, M. Matsushita, T. Yoneshiro, T. Yamaguchi, C. Usui, K. Yasunaga, Y. Katsuragi, K. Kubota, S. Tanaka, M. Saito

    International Journal of Obesity   40 ( 11 ) 1655 - 1661  2016.11  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. Background/Objectives: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a potential therapeutic target against obesity and diabetes through thermogenesis and substrate disposal with cold exposure. The role of BAT in energy metabolism under thermoneutral conditions, however, remains controversial. We assessed the contribution of BAT to energy expenditure (EE), particularly diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), and substrate utilization in human adults.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, BAT activity was evaluated in 21 men using 18 F-fluoro-2-deoxy- D -glucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (18 F-FDG-PET/CT) after cold exposure (19 °C). The subjects were divided into BAT-positive (n=13) and BAT-negative (n=8) groups according to the 18 F-FDG-PET/CT findings. Twenty-four hour EE, DIT and respiratory quotient were measured using a whole-room indirect calorimeter at 27 °C. Results: Body composition, blood metabolites and 24-h EE did not differ between groups. DIT (%), calculated as DIT divided by total energy intake, however, was significantly higher in the BAT-positive group (BAT-positive: 9.7±2.5%, BAT-negative: 6.5±4.0%, P=0.03). The 24-h respiratory quotient was significantly lower (P=0.03) in the BAT-positive group (0.861±0.027) than in the BAT-negative group (0.889±0.024). Conclusion: DIT and fat utilization were higher in BAT-positive subjects compared to BAT-negative subjects, suggesting that BAT has a physiologic role in energy metabolism.

    DOI PubMed

  • Validity and reproducibility of a novel method for time-course evaluation of diet-induced thermogenesis in a respiratory chamber.

    Chiyoko Usui, Takafumi Ando, Kazunori Ohkawara, Rieko Miyake, Yoshitake Oshima, Masanobu Hibi, Sachiko Oishi, Kumpei Tokuyama, Shigeho Tanaka

    Physiological reports   3 ( 5 )  2015.05  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    We developed a novel method for computing diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) in a respiratory chamber and evaluated the validity and reproducibility of the method. We hypothesized that DIT may be calculated as the difference between postprandial energy expenditure (EE) and estimated EE (sum of basal metabolic rate and physical activity (PA)-related EE). The estimated EE was derived from the regression equation between EE from respiration and PA intensity in the fasting state. It may be possible to evaluate the time course of DIT using this novel technique. In a validity study, we examined whether DIT became zero (theoretical value) for 6 h of fasting in 11 subjects. The mean value of DIT calculated by the novel and traditional methods was 22.4 ± 13.4 and 3.4 ± 31.8 kcal/6 h, respectively. In the reproducibility study, 15 adult subjects lived in the respiratory chamber for over 24 h on two occasions. The DIT over 15 h of postprandial wake time was calculated. There were no significant differences in the mean values of DIT between the two test days. The within-subject day-to-day coefficient of variation for calculated DIT with the novel and traditional methods was approximately 35% and 25%, respectively. The novel method did not have superior reproducibility compared with that of the traditional method. However when comparing the smaller variation in the fasting state than the theoretical value (zero), the novel method may be better for evaluating interindividual differences in DIT than the traditional method and also has the ability to evaluate the time-course.

    DOI PubMed

  • Physical activity group classification algorithm using triaxial acceleration and heart rate.

    Motofumi Nakanishi, Shintaro Izumi, Sho Nagayoshi, Hironori Sato, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Masahiko Yoshimoto, Takafumi Ando, Satoshi Nakae, Chiyoko Usui, Tomoko Aoyama, Shigeho Tanaka

    Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference   2015   510 - 513  2015  [International journal]

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    As described in this paper, a physical activity classification algorithm is proposed for energy expenditure estimation. The proposed algorithm can improve the classification accuracy using both the triaxial acceleration and heart rate. The optimal classification also contributes to improvement of the accuracy of the energy expenditures estimation. The proposed algorithm employs three indices: the heart rate reserve (%HRreserve), the filtered triaxial acceleration, and the ratio of filtered and unfiltered acceleration. The percentage HRreserve is calculated using the heart rate at rest condition and the maximum heart rate, which is calculated using Karvonen Formula. Using these three indices, a decision tree is constructed to classify physical activities into five classes: sedentary, household, moderate (excluding locomotive), locomotive, and vigorous. Evaluation results show that the average classification accuracy for 21 activities is 91%.

    DOI PubMed

  • Relationship of exercise at preschool and out of school and daily physical activity to physical fitness in preschool children in the Kanto region: a cross-sectional study

    Tanaka Chiaki, Hikihara Yuki, Ando Takafumi, Ohkawara Kazunori, Usui Chiyoko, Sasaki Reiko, Tanaka Shigeho

    Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   63 ( 3 ) 323 - 331  2014.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    This study sought to examine the potential relationships of physical education (PE) participation at preschool and sports club (SC) participation out of school and daily physical activity (PA) measured objectively using a triaxial accelerometer, with physical fitness in preschool children. Physical fitness testing was used to measure both health-related and skill-related parameters of fitness in 191 Japanese preschoolers in the Kanto region (94 boys and 97 girls, 5.6 ± 0.6 years). Daily PA was assessed using a triaxial accelerometer (ActivTracer, GMS) for 6 consecutive days, including weekdays and weekend days. PE and SC participation was assessed using questionnaires for preschool teachers or parents of subjects, respectively. All health-related and skill-related physical fitness and total Z-score were correlated with time spent with physical activity ratio (PAR)≧4 when adjusted for age, sex, body height and weight. In addition, greater grip strength was associated with PE participation at preschool, and 25 m run speed was associated with SC participation, also. However, 25 m run speed was negatively associated with PE participation. These findings suggest that daily PA may contribute to the development of both health-related and skill-related fitness in preschool children, although further research on the cause-effect relationship is needed. Moreover, participation in a SC may contribute to the development of running speed.

    DOI CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • Effects of intermittent physical activity on fat utilization over a whole day.

    Takafumi Ando, Chiyoko Usui, Kazunori Ohkawara, Rieko Miyake, Masashi Miyashita, Jonghoon Park, Osamu Ezaki, Mitsuru Higuchi, Shigeho Tanaka

    Medicine and science in sports and exercise   45 ( 7 ) 1410 - 8  2013.07  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    PURPOSE: We examined whether continuous and intermittent physical activity (PA) differentially influence fat utilization. METHODS: This was a randomized crossover study. Nine healthy young male participants performed two 39-h (two nights, three days) PA sessions (continuous and intermittent exercise) in a respiratory chamber to measure energy expenditure (EE) and substrate oxidation. Participants used a stationary cycling ergometer continuously for 40 min and then 45 min in the continuous PA trial and for 5 min every 30 min 17 times in the intermittent PA trial. They consumed high-carbohydrate meals corresponding to predicted daily total EE for 3 d before entering the respiratory chamber and four high-fat meals corresponding to predicted total EE in the chamber. RESULTS: Twenty-three-hour RER adjusted for sleeping RER on the preceding day was significantly lower in the intermittent PA trial than that in the continuous PA trial (P = 0.021). Twenty-three-hour RER adjusted for sleeping RER on the preceding day was correlated with accumulated consecutive minutes of METs ≤ 1.5 (3 min or more, r = 0.477; 5 min or more, r = 0.510; 10 min or more, r = 0.605). CONCLUSIONS: The intermittent PA trial induced greater fat utilization than the continuous PA trial. The present study, therefore, suggests that intermittent PA has a beneficial effect on 24-h fat oxidation after consumption of a high-fat meal, which may help prevent weight gain over time.

    DOI PubMed

  • Resting energy expenditure can be assessed by fat-free mass in female athletes regardless of body size.

    Motoko Taguchi, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Wakako Tatsuta, Chisa Katsuragi, Chiyoko Usui, Shizuo Sakamoto, Mitsuru Higuchi

    Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology   57 ( 1 ) 22 - 9  2011  [Refereed]  [Domestic journal]

     View Summary

    Energy requirements can be estimated from resting energy expenditure (REE). However, little is known about factors influencing REE in Japanese female athletes. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between REE and body composition in Japanese female athletes with a wide range of body sizes. Ninety-three athletes (age 20.3±1.2 y, height 162.8±6.4 cm, body weight (BW) 57.0±9.2 kg, fat-free mass (FFM) 45.4±6.2 kg) were classified into three groups according to BW: small-size (S) (n=34), medium-size (M) (n=34), and large-size (L) (n=25). Systemic and regional body compositions (skeletal muscle (SM), fat mass (FM), bone mass (BM), and residual mass (RM)) were estimated by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Measured resting energy expenditure (REEm) was evaluated by indirect calorimetry. Marked differences were found in REEm (S: 1,111±150, M: 1,242±133, L: 1,478±138 kcal/d), and systemic and regional body compositions among the three groups. REEm was strongly correlated with FFM, and absolute values of RM and SM increased significantly according to body size. There was good agreement between REEm and estimated REE (REEe) from the specific metabolic rates of four major organ tissue level compartments. These data indicate that REE for female athletes can be attributed to changes in organ tissue mass, and not changes in organ tissue metabolic rate. That is, change in REE can be explained mainly by the change in FFM, and REE can be assessed by FFM in female athletes regardless of body size.

    DOI PubMed

  • Characteristics of body composition and resting energy expenditure in lean young women.

    Ayana Hasegawa, Chiyoko Usui, Hiroshi Kawano, Shizuo Sakamoto, Mitsuru Higuchi

    Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology   57 ( 1 ) 74 - 9  2011  [Refereed]  [Domestic journal]

     View Summary

    The number of lean young women has been increasing. Fear of being fat may induce unnecessary attempts to reduce body weight, which can cause several types of illness. Many investigations have demonstrated dysfunction of the hypothalamus and metabolic differences in patients with anorexia nervosa. However, it is unclear whether there are any differences in physical characteristics between women with lower body weight and no illness compared to those of normal body weight. In this study, we investigated the differences in body composition, biochemical parameters, and resting energy expenditure (REE) between young women with low and normal body mass index (BMI). Twenty lean women (BMI<18.5 kg/m(2)) and 20 normal women (18.5≤BMI<25 kg/m(2)) were recruited for this study. Body composition, biochemical parameters, and REE (REEm: measurement of REE) were measured, and the REE (REEe: estimation of REE) was estimated by using a prediction model. Marked differences were found in body composition. All of the values of blood analysis were in the normal ranges in both groups. REEm (kcal/d and kcal/kg BW/d) was significantly lower in lean than in normal women, but there were no significant differences in the REEm to fat free mass (FFM) ratio between the two groups. In addition, there was good agreement between REEm and REEe obtained from the specific metabolic rates of four tissue organs. These data indicate that the lean women without any illness have normal values of biochemical parameters and energy metabolism compared to women with normal BMI.

    DOI PubMed

  • Elderly oarsmen have larger trunk and thigh muscles and greater strength than age-matched untrained men.

    Meiko Asaka, Chiyoko Usui, Megumi Ohta, Yohei Takai, Tetsuo Fukunaga, Mitsuru Higuchi

    European journal of applied physiology   108 ( 6 ) 1239 - 45  2010.04  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    To evaluate whether regularly performed rowing exercise affects the trunk muscles size and function, and to examine the effect of rowing exercise on thigh muscle size and function in elderly rowers, we compared the cross-sectional area (CSA) and strength of these muscles in elderly male rowers and in age-matched untrained men. Participants were 16 elderly rowing-trained men (ROW age, 67.8 +/- 2.3 years) and 18 elderly untrained men (CON 66.2 +/- 3.0 years). CSA was measured by MRI in the trunk and thigh muscles. Isometric trunk flexion force and leg extension power were measured. ROW had a 20% larger total trunk muscle CSA than CON (P < 0.01); rectus abdominis was 27% larger, psoas major 64% larger, and erector spinae 14% larger in ROW than in CON (P < 0.05-0.001). Isometric trunk flexion force was related to the CSA of the rectus abdominis (r = 0.777, P < 0.001) and psoas major (r = 0.694, P < 0.001), and was 42% larger in ROW than in CON (P < 0.001). However, force adjusted for the CSA of the muscles did not differ significantly between CON and ROW. In ROW, the CSA was 13% larger in the total thigh muscles (P < 0.01), and leg extension power was 43% higher than in CON (P < 0.001). These results suggest that rowing exercise is a favorable training modality for the trunk muscles, especially psoas major and that it improves thigh muscle size and function in elderly men.

    DOI PubMed

  • Age and cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with arterial stiffening and left ventricular remodelling

    Y. Gando, H. Kawano, K. Yamamoto, K. Sanada, M. Tanimoto, T. Oh, Y. Ohmori, M. Miyatani, C. Usui, E. Takahashi, I. Tabata, M. Higuchi, M. Miyachi

    Journal of Human Hypertension   24 ( 3 ) 197 - 206  2010.03  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Arterial stiffening, hypertension and left ventricular (LV) remodelling are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with cardiovascular function and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness, arterial stiffness, blood pressure (BP) and LV remodelling in women. On the basis of peak oxygen uptake, a total of 159 premenopausal (young) and postmenopausal (older) women were categorized into either low (unfit) or high (fit) cardiorespiratory fitness groups. The arterial stiffness and LV remodelling were measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid augmentation index (AI) and LV relative wall thickness (RWT). Two-way analysis of variance indicated a significant interaction between age and cardiorespiratory fitness in baPWV, carotid AI, BP and RWT. In the older group, arterial stiffness (baPWV
    1401±231 vs 1250±125 cm s-1, P&lt
    0.01, AI
    32.9±9.9 vs 24.8±10.1%, P&lt
    0.01), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (130±22 vs 117±15 mm Hg, P&lt
    0.01) and RWT (0.47±0.08 vs 0.42±0.04, P&lt
    0.05) in fit women were lower than in unfit women. In older women, RWT was significantly related to baPWV (r=0.46, P&lt
    0.01), carotid AI (r=0.29, P&lt
    0.05), SBP (r=0.57, P&lt
    0.01) \\[Vdot]2peak (r=0.32, P&lt
    0.05). In young women, they were not significant correlations, except for a weak correlation between RWT and SBP (r0.21, P0.05). These results suggest that higher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with lower arterial stiffness, BP and RWT in older women. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

    DOI PubMed

  • Visceral fat is a strong predictor of insulin resistance regardless of cardiorespiratory fitness in non-diabetic people.

    Chiyoko Usui, Meiko Asaka, Hiroshi Kawano, Tomoko Aoyama, Toshimichi Ishijima, Shizuo Sakamoto, Mitsuru Higuchi

    Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology   56 ( 2 ) 109 - 16  2010  [Refereed]  [Domestic journal]

     View Summary

    Abdominal adiposity and low cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with insulin resistance in people with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes. However, little is known about which factor precedes insulin resistance in people with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes, and which is the stronger predictor of insulin resistance in non-diabetic people. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between insulin resistance and cardiorespiratory fitness, visceral fat, and subcutaneous fat in non-diabetic people. Subjects included 87 men and 77 women aged 30-72 y (mean+/-SD, 51.3+/-12.3 y). Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by measuring the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in a progressive continuous test to exhaustion on a cycle ergometer. The visceral and subcutaneous fat areas were measured by magnetic resonance imaging. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-R) was calculated from the fasting concentrations of glucose and insulin. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed that visceral and subcutaneous fat were significant correlates of HOMA-R, explaining 24% and 6% of the variance, respectively, whereas sex, age, and VO2max were not significant independent determinants. Abdominal fat deposition rather than cardiorespiratory fitness is a significant predictor of insulin resistance in non-diabetic people; visceral fat is the most important factor.

    DOI PubMed

  • Differences in body composition and risk of lifestyle-related diseases between young and older male rowers and sedentary controls.

    Kiyoshi Sanada, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Kenta Yamamoto, Hiroshi Kawano, Chiyoko Usui, Mitsuru Higuchi

    Journal of sports sciences   27 ( 10 ) 1027 - 34  2009.08  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare body composition and risk factors of lifestyle-related diseases between young and older male rowers and sedentary controls. Healthy males aged 19-73 years participated in the study, and were divided into four groups: 26 young rowers, 24 senior rowers, 23 young sedentary controls, and 22 senior sedentary controls. Total and regional lean soft tissue, fat mass, and bone mineral density were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The HDL-cholesterol of senior rowers (67.4 +/- 13.4 mg . dl(-1)) was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of senior sedentary controls (59.2 +/- 11.9 mg . dl(-1)), while HDL-cholesterol was similar in senior rowers and young rowers (66.1 +/- 10.8 mg . dl(-1)). Arm, leg, and trunk lean soft tissue mass were significantly higher in senior rowers (5.6 +/- 0.6 kg, 18.2 +/- 1.8 kg, and 27.3 +/- 3.2 kg respectively) than in senior sedentary controls (5.1 +/- 0.4 kg, 16.3 +/- 1.4 kg, and 24.6 +/- 1.7 kg respectively; P < 0.05). Bone mineral density was also significantly higher in senior rowers than in senior sedentary controls (ribs, lumbar spine, and pelvic segments; P < 0.05). We conclude that age-related increases in the risk of lifestyle-related diseases, such as osteoporosis and sarcopenia, are attenuated in male rowers. These results suggest that regular rowing exercise may have a positive influence in the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases in older Japanese people.

    DOI PubMed

  • METABOLIC SYNDROME RISK FACTORS IN RELATION TO AEROBIC FITNESS IN JAPANESE MIDDLE-AGED AND ELDERLY PEOPLE : ANALYSIS BASED ON "EXERCISE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY REFERENCE FOR HEALTH PROMOTION 2006 (EPAR2006)"

    AOYAMA TOMOKO, ASAKA MEIKO, ISHIJIMA TOSHIMICHI, KAWANO HIROSHI, USUI CHIYOKO, SAKAMOTO SIZUO, TABATA IZUMI, HIGUCHI MITSURU

    Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   58 ( 3 ) 341 - 352  2009.06  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    PORPOSE: This study aimed to compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors and its components in different levels of aerobic fitness established by &ldquo;Exercise and Physical Activity Reference for Health Promotion 2006 (EPAR2006)&rdquo; in Japanese middle-aged and elderly people.<br>METHOD: Men (n=102) and women (n=133), aged 30-69yrs, participated in this study. The prevalence of MS risk factors was evaluated as the number of MS risk factors, according to the diagnostic criterion for Japanese-specific MS. Aerobic fitness was quantified as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Subjects were classified into the three groups by aerobic fitness level based on &ldquo;Reference values&rdquo; and &ldquo;Reference range&rdquo; established in EPAR2006; 1) High fitness group (H); VO2max (mL/kg/min) is higher than &ldquo;Reference values&rdquo;, 2) Medium fitness group (M); VO2max is below &ldquo;Reference values&rdquo; but within &ldquo;Reference range&rdquo;, 3) Low fitness group (L); VO2max is lower than &ldquo;Reference range&rdquo;.<br>RESULTS: In men, M and L groups showed significantly higher frequency of risk factors for MS than H group (H: 1.09&plusmn;0.98, M: 1.81&plusmn;1.07, L: 2.27&plusmn;0.70, P<0.01). In women, L group showed significantly higher frequency of risk factors for MS than H and M groups (H: 0.57&plusmn;0.80, M: 0.81&plusmn;1.01, L: 1.53&plusmn;1.07, P<0.01).<br>CONCLUSION: These results suggest that higher MS risk appears when the VO2max is lower than &ldquo;Reference values&rdquo; in men, and below &ldquo;Reference range&rdquo; in women, and that particularly, men with low aerobic fitness have higher MS risk.

    DOI CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • Muscle mass and bone mineral indices: Does the normalized bone mineral content differ with age?

    K. Sanada, M. Miyachi, I. Tabata, M. Miyatani, M. Tanimoto, T. W. Oh, K. Yamamoto, C. Usui, E. Takahashi, H. Kawano, Y. Gando, M. Higuchi

    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition   63 ( 4 ) 465 - 472  2009  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Objective: To investigate the relationships between regional skeletal muscle mass (SM mass) and bone mineral indices and to examine whether bone mineral content (BMC) normalized to SM mass shows a similar decrease with age in young through old age. Subjects/Methods: One hundred and thirty-eight young and postmenopausal women aged 20-76 years participated in this study and were divided into three groups: 61 young women, 49 middle-aged postmenopausal women and 28 older postmenopausal women. Muscle thickness (MTH) was determined by ultrasound, and regional SM mass (arm, trunk and leg) was estimated based on nine sites of MTH. Whole-body and regional lean soft tissue mass (LSTM), bone mineral density (BMD) and BMC (whole body, arms, legs and lumbar spine) were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: Ultrasound spectroscopy indicated that SM mass is significantly correlated with site-matched regional bone mineral indices and these relationships correspond to LSTM. The BMC and BMD in older women were significantly lower than those in middle-aged women. When BMC was normalized to site-matched regional SM mass, BMC normalized to SM mass in arm and trunk region were significantly different with age
    however, whole-body and leg BMC normalized to SM mass showed no significant difference between middle-aged and older postmenopausal women. Conclusions: The age-related differences in BMC were found to be independent of the ageing of SM mass in the arm and trunk region. However, differences in BMC measures of the leg and whole body were found to correspond to age-related decline of SM mass in postmenopausal women.

    DOI PubMed

  • Resting energy expenditure can be assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in women regardless of age and fitness

    C. Usui, E. Takahashi, Y. Gando, K. Sanada, J. Oka, M. Miyachi, I. Tabata, M. Higuchi

    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition   63 ( 4 ) 529 - 535  2009  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    Objective:To evaluate the possibility that measurement of the magnitude and distribution of fundamental somatic heat-producing units using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can be used to estimate resting energy expenditure (REE) in both young and elderly women with different aerobic fitness levels. Subjects and methods: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) and REEm were directly measured in 116 young (age: 22.3 ± 2.1 years) and 72 elderly (63.3 ± 6.4 years) women. The subjects were divided into four groups according to categories of age and VO2 peak
    young: high fitness (YH, n=58)
    low fitness (YL, n=58)
    elderly: high fitness (EH, n=37) and low fitness (EL, n=35). Using DXA, systemic and regional body compositions were measured, and REEe was estimated from the sum of tissue organ weights multiplied by corresponding metabolic rate. Results: Although there were remarkable differences in systemic and regional body compositions, no significant differences were observed between REEm and REEe in the four groups. REEe significantly correlated with REEm in elderly as well as young women
    the slopes and intercepts of the two regression lines were statistically not different between the elderly and young groups (elderly: y=0.60x+472, r=0.667
    young: y=0.78x+250, r=0.798
    P&lt
    0.001, respectively). A Bland-Altman analysis did not indicate bias in calculation of REE for all the subjects. Conclusion: These results suggest that REE can be estimated from tissue organ components in women regardless of age and aerobic fitness.

    DOI PubMed

  • Required muscle mass for preventing lifestyle-related diseases in Japanese women.

    Masae Miyatani, Hiroshi Kawano, Kei Masani, Yuko Gando, Kenta Yamamoto, Michiya Tanimoto, Taewoong Oh, Chiyoko Usui, Kiyoshi Sanada, Mitsuru Higuchi, Izumi Tabata, Motohiko Miyachi

    BMC public health   8   291 - 291  2008.08  [Refereed]  [International journal]

     View Summary

    BACKGROUND: Since it is essential to maintain a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness to prevent life-style related disease, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan in 2006 proposed to determine the maximal oxygen uptake (Vo2max: mL.kg-1.min-1) reference values to prevent life-style related diseases (LSRD). Since muscle mass is one of the determinant factors of Vo2max, it could be used as the reference parameter for preventing LSRD. The aim of this study was to determine and quantify the muscle mass required to maintain the Vo2max reference values in Japanese women. METHODS: A total of 403 Japanese women aged 20-69 years were randomly allocated to either a validation or a cross-validation group. In the validation group, a multiple regression equation, which used a set of age and the percentage of muscle mass (%MM, percentage of appendicular lean soft tissue mass to body weight), as independent variables, was derived to estimate the Vo2max. After the equation was cross-validated, data from the two groups were pooled together to establish the final equation. The required %MM for each subject was recalculated by substituting the Vo2max reference values and her age in the final equation. RESULTS: The mean value of required %MM was identified as (28.5 +/- 0.35%). Thus, the present study proposed the required muscle mass (28.5% per body weight) in Japanese women to maintain the Vo2max reference values determined by the Japanese Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare. CONCLUSION: The estimated required %MM (28.5% per body weight) can be used as one of the reference parameters of fitness level in Japanese women.

    DOI PubMed

  • Basal metabolic rate can be easily and accurately estimated by measuring of LBM in young female

    Journal of training science for exercise and sport   20 ( 1 ) 25 - 31  2008  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • Relationship between blood adipocytokines and resting energy expenditure in young and elderly women.

    Chiyoko Usui, Eri Takahashi, Yuko Gando, Kiyoshi Sanada, Jun Oka, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Mitsuru Higuchi

    Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology   53 ( 6 ) 529 - 35  2007.12  [Refereed]  [Domestic journal]

     View Summary

    It has been demonstrated in a previous study that resting energy expenditure (REE) is associated with adiponectin levels in the blood. However, body composition was not taken into consideration in that study. The purpose of the present study was to again investigate the relationship between blood adipocytokines and REE, adjusted by body composition, in both young and elderly women. REE and blood adipocytokines were measured in 115 young (age: 22.3+/-2.1 y, BMI: 21.3+/-1.9 kg/m(2)) and 71 elderly (63.4+/-6.5 y, 22.9+/- 2.3 kg/m(2)) women. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure percent body fat. Fat mass and fat free mass (FFM) were calculated. REE (kcal/d and kcal/kg BW/d) was lower in elderly women than in young women, but no significant difference was observed in REE, expressed as kcal/kg FFM/d, between the two groups. Although elderly women had a higher percent body fat and higher serum leptin concentrations than young women, plasma adiponectin concentrations did not differ between young and elderly women. In elderly women, REE (kcal/d) was significantly and inversely correlated with plasma adiponectin concentration (r=-0.386, p<0.001), but REE expressed per kilogram of BW or FFM was not significantly correlated. Furthermore, no significant correlation was observed between REE (kcal/d) and concentrations of plasma adiponectin or serum leptin, after adjusting for potential confounders such as body composition and hormones, in either age group. These results suggest that adipocytokines do not influence REE in adult women.

    DOI PubMed

  • Effects of carbonated and noncarbonated beverage intakes in response to prolonged cycle ergometer exercise

    Taewoong Oh, Mitsuru Higuchi, Kazuyuki Kanosue, Chiyoko Usui, Isao Muraoka, Shizuo Sakamoto, Ikuo Shibuichi, Hiromichi Mitsuda

    Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   55 ( SUPPL. ) 205 - 208  2006.10

     View Summary

    Athletes have been instructed to refrain from taking carbonated beverages in the sports world, but the mechanism has not been clear. The purpose of this study was to clarify how physiological and biochemical evaluation are affected by taking a 10% CHO carbonated beverage after cycle ergometer (60 min, 60% V̇O 2max). Seven subjects consumed a carbonated or noncarbonated (10% carbohydrate) beverage after exercise. No differences were observed in concentration of glucose, insulin, free fatty acids, K and Na in serum from carbonated beverage compared with noncarbonated beverage intakes after exercise. These results indicate that carbonated beverage did not affect the changes of physiological and biochemical parameter after prolonged exercise, and it could be more refreshing and stimulate taste rather than noncarbonated beverage, but seemed to be hard to drink immediately after exercise because it made subjects feel as if having drunk more than they did.

    DOI

  • Basal Metabolic Rate and Its Determinants in Older Males and Females

    USUI Chiyoko, KANEKO Kaori, OKA Jun, TABATA Izumi, HIGUCHI Mitsuru

    The Japanese journal of nutrition and dietetics   63 ( 1 ) 21 - 25  2005.02  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The basal metabolic rate (BMR) in 46 fit older people (age: 66&plusmn;3yrs., height: 163.3&plusmn;9.5cm, body weight (BW): 59.0&plusmn;10.4kg; mean&plusmn;SD) was evaluated in relation to the body composition (body fat mass (FM): 15.3&plusmn; 4.0kg, lean body mass (LBM): 43.7&plusmn;9.5kg). BMR for all the subjects was 1, 328&plusmn;218kcal/day, 22.6&plusmn;1.9kcal/kgBW/day, and 30.9&plusmn;3.6kcal/kgLBM/day. BMR (kcal/day) was significantly correlated with BW (r=0.87, p<0.001) and LBM (r=0.85, p<0.001). The height, BW, BMI and LBM were significantly higher in the males than in the females (p<0.01, respectively). No difference was apparent in FM between the two sexes. BMR (kcal/day) was higher in the males than in the females (p<0.01), but the males had lower BMR in terms of kcal/kgBW/day and kcal/kgLBM/day than the females (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively). No significant difference was apparent in the adjusted BMR (kcal/(kgLBM&plusmn;24.5)/day) between the males and females. A multiple-regression analysis showed the most powerful predictor to be LBM and the second most powerful to be FM of BMR in fit older people.

    DOI CiNii

  • 食事条件がウォーキング中のエネルギー代謝に及ぼす影響

    青山 友子, 成田 知代, 薄井 澄誉子

    ウォーキング研究   8 ( 8 ) 177 - 181  2004  [Refereed]

    CiNii

  • BASAL METABOLIC RATE AND ITS DETERMINANTS IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN

    USUI CHIYOKO, OKA JUN, YAMAKAWA JUN, SASAKI YUMI, HIGUCHI MITSURU

    Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   52 ( 2 ) 189 - 198  2003.04  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    The basal metabolic rate (BMR) of 70 postmenopausal women (age: 60.6&plusmn;4.2 yrs., height: 154.9&plusmn;5.2cm, body weight (BW) : 52.7&plusmn;6.2kg; mean &plusmn;SD) was evaluated in relation to body composition (body fat mass (FM) : 17.3&plusmn;3.9kg, lean body mass (LBM) : 35.3&plusmn;3.6kg) . BMR was 1, 148&plusmn;126kcal/day, 21.9&plusmn;2.2kcal/kgBW/day, 32.7&plusmn;3.2kcal kgLBM/day in all subjects. BMR (kcal/day) significantly correlated with BW (r=.635, p<0.001) and LBM (r=.598, p<0.001) . When divided into two groups, (lower %fat group (LF; <35%fat) and higher %fat group (HF; &ge;35%fat) ), BW and FM were significantly higher in HF than in LF (BW: 56.6&plusmn;6.4 vs 51.0&plusmn;5.3 kg, FM: 21.7&plusmn;2.8 vs 15.5&plusmn;2.7 kg, p<0.001, respectively) . No difference was observed in LBM between the two groups (34.9&plusmn;3.9 vs 35.5&plusmn;3.5 kg) . BMR (kcal/kgBW/day) was lower in HF than in LF (21.0&plusmn;1.8 vs 22.3&plusmn;2.3, p<0.05), but HF group had higher BMR in terms of kcal/kgLBM/ day than LF (34.0&plusmn;3.1 vs 32.1&plusmn;3.1, p<0.05) . Multiple regression analysis was performed to predict BMR. A single predictor LBM and a pair of predictors LBM and FM explained 35.7% and 42.7% of the variance of BMR. This study suggested that a decrease in LBM is a major factor in affecting the reduction of BMR in postmenopausal women, whereas FM gained after menopause could be considered to have metabolic activity related to BMR.

    DOI CiNii

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Misc

  • The association between physical activity and primary dysmenorrhea in female collegiate lacrosse athletes

    Usui C, Kobayashi S, Mita Y.

    25th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science    2020.10

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 栄養教育は女子大学生アスリートの食行動変容を向上させるか

    小林沙綾, 三田有紀子, 竹内万莉乃, 佐久間理英, 横山礼奈, 薄井澄誉子, 石原健吾, 加藤昌彦

    栄養学雑誌   78 ( 5 Supplement )  2020

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    J-GLOBAL

  • 日本人成人における糖尿病有病率と心肺フィットネスおよび内臓脂肪との関連 WASEDA'S Health Study(Cardiorespiratory fitness and visceral fat on prevalent diabetes in Japanese adults: WASEDA'S Health Study)

    Usui Chiyoko, Kawakami Ryoko, Tanisawa Kumpei, Tabata Hiroki, Ito Tomoko, Iizuka Satoshi, Kawamura Takuji, Midorikawa Taishi, Sawada Susumu, Torii Suguru, Sakamoto Shizuo, Suzuki Katsuhiko, Ishii Kaori, Oka Koichiro, Higuchi Mitsuru

    The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   8 ( 6 ) 364 - 364  2019.11

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • The association between physical activity and primary dysmenorrhea in young Japanese women

    Usui C, Mita Y

    24th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2019.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 女子大学生アスリートにおける食行動変容に関連する要因の検討

    小林沙綾, 三田有紀子, 竹内万莉乃, 佐久間理英, 横山礼奈, 薄井澄誉子, 石原健吾, 加藤昌彦

    栄養学雑誌   77 ( 5 Supplement )  2019

    J-GLOBAL

  • DXAで推定した成人の内臓脂肪面積の妥当性 WASEDA'S Health Study(Validity of visceral fat area estimated from DXA in adults: WASEDA'S Health Study)

    Usui Chiyoko, Midorikawa Taishi, Tanisawa Kumpei, Kawakami Ryoko, Ito Tomoko, Torii Suguru, Sakamoto Shizuo, Suzuki Katsuhiko, Oka Koichiro, Higuchi Mitsuru

    The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   7 ( 6 ) 390 - 390  2018.11

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • The associations between chronotype, dietary intake, and physical fitness in young women

    Usui C

    23th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2018.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Walking speed and prevalence of lifestyle-related diseases in adults: WASEDA'S Health Study

    Sato K, Sawada S, Wang D, Koriyama S, Tabata H, Tanisawa K, Kawakami R, Ito T, Usui C, Ishii K, Suzuki K, Higuchi M, Oka K, Sakamoto S

    25th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science    2020.10

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 最大歩行速度と生活習慣病有病率の関係 横断研究 WASEDA'S Health Study

    佐藤 孝太朗, 澤田 亨, 王 棟, 郡山 さくら, 田端 宏樹, 谷澤 薫平, 川上 諒子, 伊藤 智子, 薄井 澄誉子, 石井 香織, 鈴木 克彦, 樋口 満, 岡 浩一朗, 坂本 静男

    日本臨床運動療法学会学術集会プログラム・抄録集   39回   83 - 83  2020.09

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 中高年者における最大脂質酸化量の関連要因(Related factors of maximal fat oxidation in middle-aged and older people)

    Tabata Hiroki, Tanisawa Kumpei, Konishi Masayuki, Ito Tomoko, Kawakami Ryoko, Usui Chiyoko, Sawada Susumu, Ishii Kaori, Midorikawa Taishi, Torii Suguru, Suzuki Katsuhiko, Oka Koichiro, Higuchi Mitsuru, Sakamoto Shizuo

    The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   8 ( 6 ) 317 - 317  2019.11

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 年代別・性別によるウエスト身長比と生活習慣病有病率の関連 WASEDA'S Health Study

    田端 宏樹, 小西 真幸, 谷澤 薫平, 伊藤 智子, 川上 諒子, 薄井 澄誉子, 澤田 亨, 石井 香織, 緑川 泰史, 鳥居 俊, 鈴木 克彦, 岡 浩一朗, 樋口 満, 坂本 静男

    日本臨床運動療法学会学術集会プログラム・抄録集   38回   53 - 53  2019.08

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis and cardiorespiratory fitness in Japanese men and women: WASEDA'S Health Study

    Iizuka S, Sawada S, Kawakami R, Tanisawa K, Tabata H, Nakamura N, Konishi M, Ito T, Usui C, Midorikawa T, Higuchi M, Suzuki K, Sakamoto S, Ishii K, Oka K, Torii S

    24th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2019.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Combined association of chronotype and exercise habits on central obesity in middle-aged and elderly Japanese adults: THE WASEDA'S Health Study

    Ito T, Kawakami R, Tanisawa K, Usui C, Qiwei Z, Miyawaki R, Ishii K, Sawada SS, Torii S, Suzuki K, Sakamoto S, Muraoka I, Oka K, Higuchi M, WASEDA'S Health, Study Group

    24th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2019.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Estimation of metabolic equivalent values of daily activities using heart rate monitor and anthropometry measures

    Caballero Y, Ando T, Nakae S, Usui C, Aoyama T, Nakanishi M, Nagayoshi S, Fujiwara Y, Tanaka S

    6th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM)    2019.06

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Prevalence of Lifestyle-related Diseases In Japanese Men And Women: WASEDA'S Health Study

    Susumu S. Sawada, Ryoko Kawakami, Kumpei Tanisawa, Hiroki Tabata, Nobuhiro Nakamura, Kim Hyeon-Ki, Masayuki Konishi, Tomoko Ito, Chiyoko Usui, Taishi Midorikawa, Mitsuru Higuchi, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Suguru Torii, Lee I-Min, Steven N. Blair, Isao Muraoka, Kaori Ishii, Koichiro Oka, Shizuo Sakamoto

    MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE   51 ( 6 ) 218 - 219  2019.06

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • 高齢者において3軸加速度計により推定した身体活動強度の正確性(Accuracy of estimating physical activity intensity using a tri-axial accelerometer in the elderly)

    Nagayoshi Sho, Oshima Yoshitake, Ando Takafumi, Nakae Satoshi, Usui Chiyoko, Aoyama Tomoko, Tanaka Shigeho, Kumagai Shuzo

    The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   6 ( 6 ) 464 - 464  2017.11

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • Effects of fat intake at breakfast and physical activity on daily fat utilization

    Ando T, Nakae S, Usui C, Kurosawa S, Tanaka S

    4th International Conference on Recent Advances and Controversies in the Measurement of Energy Metabolism (RACMEM 2017)    2017.10

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Estimation of physical activity intensity with classifying non-ambulatory and ambulatory activities by a triaxial accelerometer in young children

    Tanaka C, Hikihara Y, Ando T, Oshima Y, Usui C, Ohgi Y, Kaneda K, Tanaka S

    2017 International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM)    2017.06

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Relationship between qualitative evaluation of fundamental motor skills and the quantitative motor performance in preschool children

    Tanaka Chiaki, Hikihara Yuki, Sasaki Reiko, Ando Takafumi, Naka Tatsuki, Usui Chiyoko, Tanaka Shigeho

    Japan Journal of Human Growth and Development Research   2017 ( 76 ) 8 - 15  2017  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    <p>This study aimed to examine the relationship between qualitative evaluation of fundamental motor skills and the quantitative motor performances in preschool children (122 boys and girls:5.7±0.5 years) . Fundamental motor skills were assessed based on 5 tests:25 m run, standing long jump, jump over and crawl test, overarm throwing, and zigzag run. Movements were videotaped and evaluated on observational evaluation criteria of "whole-body movement sequence image" and "several movement components". Each motor performance was measured simultaneously. Children with superior skills in whole-body movement had significantly higher motor performances except for in the zigzag run using ANCOVA adjusted for sex, age, body height, and weight. Moreover, children with superior skills in several movement components had significantly higher motor performances except for arm swings in the 25 m run, the leap over in the jump over and crawl test, and all items in the zigzag run. These findings suggest that development of fundamental motor skills by qualitative evaluation may be related to the superior quantitative motor performances in preschool children.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • 女子大学生における座位行動および身体活動とクロノタイプとの関連性(Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with chronotype in female university students)

    Usui Chiyoko, Kitada Mana, Aoyama Tomoko, Tanaka Shigeho

    The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   5 ( 6 ) 526 - 526  2016.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 女子大学生における食行動尺度と生活習慣の関連

    北田 真菜, 風見 公子, 薄井 澄誉子, 桑田 有

    日本公衆衛生学会総会抄録集   75回   438 - 438  2016.10

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • Brown adipose tissue is involved in diet-induced thermogenesis and whole body fat utilization in healthy humans

    Tanaka S, Hibi M, Oishi S, Yamaguchi T, Yasunaga K, Yoneshiro T, Matsushita M, Usui C, Kubota K, Saito M

    The 13th International Congress on Obesity. The congress took place    2016.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 食事誘導熱産生及び基質利用量に与える褐色脂肪組織の影響

    日比壮信, 大石幸子, 松下真美, 米代武司, 山口亨, 薄井澄誉子, 安永浩一, 桂木能久, 窪田和雄, 田中茂穂, 斉藤昌之

    肥満研究   22 ( Supplement ) 235 - 235  2016

    J-GLOBAL

  • 女子大学生におけるBMIと座位行動および身体活動との関連

    北田 真菜, 薄井 澄誉子, 青山 友子, 田中 茂穂, 桑田 有

    体力科学   64 ( 6 ) 688 - 688  2015.12

  • Physical Activity Group Classification Algorithm using Triaxial Acceleration and Heart Rate

    Nakanishi M, Izumi S, Nagayoshi S, Sato H, Kawaguchi H, Yoshimoto M, Ando T, Nakae S, Usui C, Aoyama T, Tanaka S

    37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.    2015.08

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 超音波法による部位別サルコペニアと健康関連指標との関係

    真田 樹義, 樋口 満, 薄井 澄誉子, 宮地 元彦

    臨床栄養   126 ( 5 ) 530 - 531  2015.05

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

  • Validity and reproducibility of a novel method for time-course evaluation of diet-induced thermogenesis in a respiratory chamber

    Usui C, Ando T, Ohkawara K, Miyake R, Oshima Y, Hibi M, Oishi S, Tokuyama K, Tanaka S

    3rd International Conference on Recent Advances and Controversies in the Measurement of Energy Metabolism (RACMEM 2014)    2014.10

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Effects of Carbohydrate and Fat Ratio of Breakfast on Substrate Utilization over a Whole Day

    Ando T, Nakae S, Usui C, Tanaka S

    3rd International Conference on Recent Advances and Controversies in the Measurement of Energy Metabolism (RACMEM 2014)    2014.10

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Relationship Between Exercise And Daily Physical Activity With Physical Fitness In Preschool Children

    Chiaki Tanaka, Yuki Hikihara, Takafumi Ando, Kazunori Ohkawara, Chiyoko Usui, Reiko Sasaki, Shigeho Tanaka

    MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE   46 ( 5 ) 120 - 121  2014.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • 福祉施設高齢者における血液検査値と筋肉量との関係

    小金井 恵, 中村 健太郎, 増田 耕大, 在田 創一, 上野 興治, 時田 佳代子, 時田 純, 芦田 欣也, 山地 健人, 高橋 毅, 三宅 理江子, 薄井 澄誉子, 田中 茂穂, 楠木 伊津美, 饗場 直美

    日本病態栄養学会誌   17 ( Suppl. ) S - 190  2013.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 福祉施設高齢者における筋肉量と介護度や基礎代謝量との関係

    増田 耕大, 三宅 理江子, 薄井 澄誉子, 小金井 恵, 中村 健太郎, 在田 創一, 上野 興治, 時田 佳代子, 時田 純, 芦田 欣也, 山地 健人, 高橋 毅, 田中 茂穂, 楠木 伊津美, 饗場 直美

    日本病態栄養学会誌   17 ( Suppl. ) S - 190  2013.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 高い有酸素性能力は高脂質摂取時において1日の脂質酸化量の増加をもたらす

    安藤貴史, 薄井澄誉子, 大河原一憲, 三宅理江子, 朴鍾薫, 宮下政司, 江崎治, 樋口満, 田中茂穂

    体力科学   62 ( 6 ) 510 - 510  2013.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    J-GLOBAL

  • Appetite scores in the morning are associated with subsequent sedentary behavior

    Ando T, Park J, Miyashita M, Ohkawara K, Usui C, Miyake R, Ezaki O, Higuchi M, Tanaka S

    2013 International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM).    2013.06

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 高齢者福祉施設入居者における基礎代謝量の推定

    三宅理江子, 薄井澄誉子, 楠木伊津美, 饗場直美, 大森由実, 田中茂穂

    栄養学雑誌   71 ( 5 Supplement )  2013

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    J-GLOBAL

  • ヒューマンカロリメーターを用いた食事誘発性体熱産(DIT)の評価法と妥当性・再現性

    薄井 澄誉子, 安藤 貴史, 大河原 一憲, 三宅 理江子, 大島 秀武, 日比 壮信, 山口 幸子, 徳山 薫平, 田中 茂穂

    体力科学   61 ( 6 ) 623 - 623  2012.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 幼児の基礎的動きと体力・運動能力との関係

    仲 立貴, 田中 千晶, 引原 有輝, 安藤 貴史, 薄井 澄誉子, 佐々木 玲子, 田中 茂穂

    体力科学   61 ( 6 ) 647 - 647  2012.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 断続的な身体活動が1日の脂質酸化量に及ぼす影響

    安藤貴史, 薄井澄誉子, 大河原一憲, 三宅理江子, 宮下政司, 朴鍾薫, 江崎治, 樋口満, 田中茂穂

    体力科学   61 ( 6 ) 623 - 623  2012.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    J-GLOBAL

  • 幼児の体力と母親の食生活の準備要因との関連

    柳奈津代, 稲山貴代, 田中千晶, 安藤貴史, 薄井澄誉子, 田中茂穂

    栄養学雑誌   70 ( 5 Supplement )  2012

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    J-GLOBAL

  • 幼児における身体組成と体力特性

    仲 立貴, 田中 千晶, 引原 有輝, 安藤 貴史, 薄井 澄誉子, 佐々木 玲子, 田中 茂穂

    体力科学   60 ( 6 ) 701 - 701  2011.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • Prediction of energy expenditure of low-intensity physical activity from triaxia acceleration in indirect human calorimeter

    Usui C, Ando T, Ohkawara K, Miyake R, Oshima Y, Hibi M, Tokuyama K, Tanaka S

       2011.11

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Estimation of physical activity intensity with classifying locomotive and nonlocomotive activities by a triaxial accelerometer in young children

    Tanaka C, Hikihara Y, Ando T, Oshima Y, Usui C, Ohgi Y, Kaneda K, Tanaka S

    2nd international conference on Recent Advances and Controversies in Measuring Energy Metabolism (RACMEM)    2011.11

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

  • Metabolic syndrome risk factors in relation to fitness and exercise habits in Japanese men and women: analysis based on "Exercise and Physical Activity Reference for Health Promotion 2006 (EPAR2006)"

    樋口満, 坂本静男, 薄井澄誉子, 青山友子

    Descente sports science   31   59 - 68[含 英語文要旨]  2010.06

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (other)  

    CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • Psoas major muscle in elderly female rowers

    Asaka M, Usui C, Ohta M, Takai Y, Fukunaga T, Higuchi M

    56th Annual Meeting of American College of Sports Medicine    2009.06

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Adipocytokines and Risk Factors of Lifestyle-Related Diseases in Untrained and Rowing-Trained Elderly Men

      22 ( 1 ) 47 - 47  2009.05

    Authorship:Lead author

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (bulletin of university, research institution)  

    CiNii

  • Visceral fat is a strong predictor to assess insulin resistance regardless of cardiorespiratory fitness in middle-aged and elderly people

    Asaka M, Usui C, Kawano H, Aoyama T, Ishijima T, Terada S, Sakamoto S, Higuchi M

    14th International Biochemistry of Exercise Conference    2009.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 体力とメタボリックシンドローム発症リスクとの関係

    青山友子, 薄井澄誉子, 浅香明子, 樋口満

    体力科学   57 ( 6 ) 926 - 926  2008.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii J-GLOBAL

  • 中高年女性ローイング愛好者とウォーキング愛好者との大腰筋断面積の比較

    浅香明子, 薄井 澄誉子, 金子 香織, 太田 めぐみ, 高井 洋平, 福永 哲夫, 樋口 満

    体力科學   57 ( 6 ) 798 - 798  2008.09

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • Visceral fat is a powerful predictor of insulin resistance even in well-trained elderly oarsmen

    Asaka M, Usui C, Kaneko K, Higuchi M.

    JOURNAL OF AGING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY   16  2008.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Adipocytokines and risk factors of lifestyle-related disease in untrained and rowing-trained elderly men

    Chiyoko Usui, Meiko Asaka, Kaori Kaneko, Mitsuru Higuchi

    JOURNAL OF AGING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY   16   S109 - S109  2008.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Maintaining euhydration prevents oxygen uptake drift during moderately intense prolonged exercise in heat

    Ishijima T, Kanosue K, Muraoka I, Suzuki K, Usui C, Hashimoto H, Satou K, Okamoto T, Higushi M.

    13th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2008.06

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Elderly Oarsmen Have Larger Major Psoas Muscle Mass

    Meiko Asaka, Chiyoko Usui, Kaori Kaneko, Kenji Yamada, Megumi Ohta, Yohei Takai, Tetsuo Fukunaga, Mitsuru Higuchi

    MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE   40 ( 5 ) S371 - S371  2008.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • 189. 閉経後中高年女性の基礎代謝量とアディポサイトカインの関係

    薄井 澄誉子, 高橋 恵理, 丸藤 祐子, 真田 樹義, 宮地 元彦, 田畑 泉, 樋口 満

    体力科學   56 ( 6 ) 673 - 673  2007.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 220. 長時間運動中の低浸透圧飲料摂取が運動前後の最大随意収縮に及ぼす影響

    石島 寿道, 彼末 一之, 村岡 功, 鈴木 克彦, 薄井 澄誉子, 橋本 秀紀, 佐藤 克彦, 岡本 武久, 樋口 満

    体力科學   56 ( 6 ) 688 - 688  2007.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 415. 若年成人女性の日常生活における歩数とエクササイズ(メッツ・時)の関係(生活・健康,第62回日本体力医学大会)

    高橋 恵理, 薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満, 田畑 泉

    体力科學   56 ( 6 ) 786 - 786  2007.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 120. 心肺体力の高い女性では加齢による動脈硬化と左心室肥大が抑制される

    丸藤 祐子, 宮地 元彦, 河野 寛, 真田 樹義, 山元 健太, 谷本 道哉, 呉 泰雄, 宮谷 昌枝, 薄井 澄誉子, 高橋 恵理, 田畑 泉, 樋口 満

    体力科學   56 ( 6 ) 638 - 638  2007.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • Hypotonic drink supplementation attenuates systemic inflammatory responses to endurance exercise in the heat

    Suzuki K, Oh T, Peake J, Usui C, Kaneko K, Ishijima T, Mitsuda H, Ishii C, Higuchi M

    10th Asian Federation of Sports Medicine Congress    2007.10

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Basal metabolic rate can be estimated from four tissue-organ components by using DXA regardless of age and aerobic fitness level in female adults

    Usui C, Gando Y, Sanada K, Miyachi M, Tabata I, Higuchi M

    12th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2007.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 大学トップアスリートの身体組成およびエネルギー・バランスに関する研究

    樋口 満, 薄井澄誉子, 高橋恵理, 緑川泰史, 坂本静男

    2006年度 日本オリンピック委員会/日本コカ・コーラスポーツ科学基金(アクエリアス基金) 研究報告書     20 - 25  2007.06

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (other)  

  • Greater age-related arterial stiffening and left ventricular hypertrophy in poor cardiorespiratory fitness women

    Gando Y, Miyachi M, Kawano H, Sanada K, Yamamoto K, Tanimoto M, Oh T, Omori Y, Miyatani M, Usui C, Takahashi E, Tabata I, Higuchi M

    54th Annual Meeting of American College of Sports Medicine    2007.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Relationship between body composition, basal metabolic rate, and aerobic capacity.

      20 ( 0 ) 187 - 187  2007.03

    Authorship:Lead author

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (bulletin of university, research institution)  

    CiNii

  • メタボリックシンドロームにおける高脂血症

    樋口 満, 薄井 澄誉子

    臨床スポーツ医学 = The journal of clinical sports medicine   24 ( 3 ) 277 - 282  2007.03

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

    CiNii

  • 210. 若年女性の基礎代謝量に及ぼすスポーツ活動と身体組成の影響

    高橋 恵理, 薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満

    体力科學   55 ( 6 ) 683 - 683  2006.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 265. 暑熱環境下における90分間運動中の自由なハイポトニック飲料摂取が血漿量の変化に及ぼす影響

    呉 泰雄, 樋口 満, 彼末 一之, 薄井 澄誉子, 石島 寿道, 村岡 功, 坂本 静男, 光田 博充, 石井 千広, 鈴木 克彦

    体力科學   55 ( 6 ) 711 - 711  2006.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 若年女性の身体組成と基礎代謝量

    高橋 恵理, 薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満, 田畑 泉

    栄養学雑誌(第53回栄養改善学会学術総会)   64 ( 5 ) 215  2006.10

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 聴覚障害者(デフ)スポーツ選手の身体活動量と栄養・食事摂取状況や食意識

    金子 香織, 薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満

    栄養学雑誌(第53回栄養改善学会学術総会)   64 ( 5 ) 155  2006.10

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • The Effect of Ingested Hypotonic Beverage on Voluntary Drinking and Fluid Balance and Metabolic Responses to Prolonged Exercise in Hot Enviroment.

    T. Oh, K. Suzuki, C. Usui, T. Ishijuima, H. Mitsuda, C. Ishii, I. Muraoka, M. Higuchi

    13th International Conference of Biochemistry of Exercise    2006.10

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Abdominal Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue Cross-Sectional Area Measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Older Female Swimmer.

    K. Yashiro, K. Sanada, C. Usui, I. Tabata, M. Higuchi

    11th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2006.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Effects of Carbohydrate and Fluid Intake on Leucocyte and Cytokine Responses to Endurance Exercise in the Heat.

    K. Suzuki, T. Oh, J. Peake, C. Usui, K. Kaori, T. Ishijima, K. Ogawa, O. Terada, H. Mitsuda, K. Sato, C. Ishii, I. Muraoka, M. Higuchi

    11th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2006.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Association between Regional Muscle Mass, Muscle Function, and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women.

    K. Sanada, M. Miyachi, KF. McGrath, I. Tabata, C. Usui, M. Higuchi

    11th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2006.07

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • Regularly Performed Swimming Exercise does not Induce Increase of Basal Metabolic Rate Associated with Soft Lean Tissue Mass in Postmenopausal Women.

    C. Usui, M. Miyatani, K. Sanada, M. Miyachi, I. Tabata, M. Higuchi

    11th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science    2006.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • The Relationship Between Physical Activity, Cardiovascular Fitness, Muscle Strength and Age-related Change In Body Composition

    Masae Miyatani, Motohiko Miyachi, Chiyoko Usui, Hiroshi Kawano, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuru Higuchi, Izumi Tabata

    MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE   38 ( 5 ) S493 - S494  2006.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • Absence of Age-Related Increases in the Risk of Lifestyle-Related Diseases in Male Rowers

    Kiyoshi Sanada, Motohiko Miyachi, Chiyoko Usui, Masae Miyatani, Hiroshi Kawano, Izumi Tabata, Mitsuru Higuchi

    MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE   38 ( 5 ) S428 - S428  2006.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • 【ライフサイクルとスポーツ・栄養】中・高年齢者の運動・スポーツと栄養・食事

    樋口 満, 薄井 澄誉子

    臨床栄養   108 ( 2 ) 150 - 154  2006.02

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

  • 194.中高年女性の基礎代謝量に及ぼす身体各部の組成の影響

    薄井 澄誉子, 呉 泰雄, 金子 香織, 宮谷 昌枝, 宮地 元彦, 田畑 泉, 樋口 満

    体力科學   54 ( 6 ) 515 - 515  2005.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 331.ローイングによる高強度・間欠的トレーニングがパフォーマンスに及ぼす影響

    新村 優, 呉 泰雄, 薄井 澄誉子, 金子 香織, 樋口 満

    体力科學   54 ( 6 ) 584 - 584  2005.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 158.年齢別の全身持久力ならびに筋力水準と動脈硬化との関係

    宮地 元彦, 宮谷 昌枝, 樋口 満, 薄井 澄誉子, 河野 寛, 岡島 真由美, 田畑 泉

    体力科學   54 ( 6 ) 497 - 497  2005.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 279.年齢別全身持久力ならびに筋力水準と介護予防関連因子との関係

    宮谷 昌枝, 宮地 元彦, 樋口 満, 薄井 澄誉子, 河野 寛, 岡島 真由美, 田畑 泉

    体力科學   54 ( 6 ) 558 - 558  2005.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • Body Composition In Japanese Middle-aged And Elderly Female Swimmers

    Chiyoko Usui, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Mitsuru Higuchi

    MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE   37   S258 - S258  2005.05

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • 身体活動と骨の健康

    薄井 澄誉子

    体育の科学   55 ( 4 ) 321 - 323  2005.04

    Authorship:Lead author

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

  • 「身体活動と骨の健康」に関するアメリカスポーツ医学会(ACSM)の公式見解

    薄井 澄誉子, 田畑 泉

    榮養學雑誌 = THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION AND DIETETICS   63 ( 1 ) 39 - 40  2005.02

    Authorship:Lead author

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

    DOI CiNii

  • Effect of high impact sports on bone health in postmenopausal women

    C Usui, Y Ishimi, J Oka, J Wu, K Kaneko, Tabata, I, M Higuchi

    JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND SPORTS MEDICINE   54 ( 1 ) 76 - 76  2005.02

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    DOI CiNii

  • The effect of carbonated beverage taken after endurance exercise on body temperature and serum glucose level

    T. Oh, C. Usui, Mhiguchi, I. Muraoka, K. Kanosue, S Sakamoto, I. Shibuichi, H. Mitsuda

    8th Asian Federation of Sports Medicine Congress    2005

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 中高年女性の下肢筋群に対する水泳の影響

    谷代 一哉, 薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満, 田畑 泉

    日本運動生理学会(第13回日本運動生理学会大会)    2005

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • スポーツ様式の違いが閉経後中高年女性の上・下肢及び体幹の身体組成に及ぼす影響

    成田 知代, 薄井 澄誉子, 岡 純, 樋口 満

    体力科學   53 ( 6 ) 763 - 763  2004.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 運動と基礎代謝 (特集 運動と体温調節)

    薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満

    体育の科学   54 ( 10 ) 792 - 796  2004.10

    Authorship:Lead author

    Article, review, commentary, editorial, etc. (scientific journal)  

    CiNii

  • 持久性運動後の炭酸飲料摂取が体温及び血糖値に及ぼす影響

    樋口 満, 呉 泰雄, 村岡 功, 彼末 一之, 坂本 静男, 薄井 澄誉子, 渋市 郁雄, 光田 博充

    体力科学   53 ( 5 ) 592 - 592  2004.10

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • 5. Nutritional status of male collegiate soccer players

    SODA SOGO, Usui Chiyoko, HIGUCHI MITSURU

    Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine   53 ( 5 ) 592 - 592  2004.10

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • Effect of high impact sports on bone health in postmenopausal women

    C. Usui, Y. Ishimi, J. Oka, J. Wu, K. Kaneko, I. Tabata, M. Higuchi

    9th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science (JSPFSM EXCHANGE SYMPOSIUM)    2004.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

    DOI

  • 運動習慣・食事摂取状況が閉経後中高年女性の身体組成に与える影響

    金子 香織, 薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満

    栄養学雑誌 (第51回日本栄養改善学会学術総会)   62 ( 5 ) 428  2004

  • 429. 運動習慣のある60歳以上の高齢男性の基礎代謝量(代謝)

    薄井 澄誉子, 岡 純, 樋口 満, 山川 純, 田畑 泉

    体力科學   52 ( 6 ) 929 - 929  2003.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • Effect of daily physical activity level and body composition on biochemical parameters of lipid and glucose metabolism in postmenopausal women

    C. Usui, J. Yamakawa, J. Oka, K. kaneko, I. tabata, M. Higushi

    12th International Biochemistry of Exercise Conference    2003.07

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 2000 meter rowing power and muscle cross-sectional areas

    K. Yashiro, K.Tachibana, C. Usui, J. Miyazaki, T. Tani, M. Higuchi

    50th Annual Meeting of American College of Sports Medicine    2003.05

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

  • Relationships between partial moption power during rowing and muscle cross-sectional areas.

    K. Tachibana, J. Miyazaki, K. Yashiro, T. Tani, C. Usui, M. Higuchi

    50th Annual Meeting of American College of Sports Medicine    2003.05

    Research paper, summary (international conference)  

  • 若年女性の1日当たり総エネルギー消費量に及ぼす持久性及びレジスタンストレーニングの影響

    薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満

    栄養学雑誌   60 ( 6 ) 305  2002.12

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 閉経後中高年女性の運動習慣・基礎代謝量・身体組成の関係

    薄井 澄誉子, 岡 純, 山川 純, 樋口 満

    体力科学 (第57回日本体力医学会大会)   51 ( 6 ) 635  2002

    Authorship:Lead author

  • 閉経後中高年女性の運動習慣 体組成と糖質 脂質代謝の関係

    岡純, 薄井 澄誉子, 山川 純, 樋口 満

    体力科学   51 ( 6 ) 634 - 634  2002

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 83.エクセントリック運動における筋損傷と急性炎症反応の関係(【運動器】)

    薄井 澄誉子, 樋口 満, 太田 冨貴雄, 高橋 裕子

    体力科學   50 ( 6 ) 774 - 774  2001.12

    Authorship:Lead author

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

  • 529.茶カテキン摂取が運動時酸化ストレスに及ぼす影響

    粕谷 優子, 光田 博充, 高橋 裕子, 薄井 澄誉子, 平野 裕一, 樋口 満

    体力科學   49 ( 6 ) 931 - 931  2000.12

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference)  

    CiNii

▼display all

Research Projects

  • 女子大学生における月経困難症の改善に対する時間栄養学及び時間運動学的アプローチ

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(C)

    Project Year :

    2017.04
    -
    2021.03
     

    薄井 澄誉子

     View Summary

    本研究では,女子大学生の月経困難症と生活習慣との関連を『時間栄養学』×『時間運動学』の観点から解明し,適切な食品・栄養素の摂取タイミングと効果的な身体運動の実施タイミングの相乗効果により月経困難症の症状改善にアプローチすることを目的としている.
    本年度は,【研究課題1】である女子大学生の月経困難症と食品・栄養素摂取及び身体運動実施の状況との関連に関する横断研究について,453名の女子大学生にアンケート調査を行った結果を分析し,国際学会で発表を行った.また,論文執筆に向けてさらなる分析を行っている.
    また,【研究課題2】である女子大学生の月経困難症の症状改善に対する食品・栄養素摂取及び身体運動実施のタイミングに関する介入研究について,運動部に所属する女子大学生の栄養指導介入の前後における月経困難症の症状変化について検討するため,1年後の測定を行った.69名の運動部に所属する女子大学生を対象として,アンケート調査及び3軸の加速度計を用いた身体活動量の測定を行った.この介入前後のデータを分析して,次年度の国際学会で発表する予定である.

  • 閉経後における肥満・サルコペニア予防のための運動がエネルギー基質選択に与える影響

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 特別研究員奨励費

    Project Year :

    2011.04
    -
    2015.03
     

    薄井 澄誉子

     View Summary

    本研究は,「脂質酸化能の低下が肥満につながる」という仮説を解明するため,脂質酸化能に対する食事と運動の相互作用について,食事摂取状況を統制した条件下でヒューマンカロリメーターを用い,24時間のエネルギー代謝量や脂質酸化量をモニタリングして,安静時や運動後にエネルギー基質がどのように選択されるかを検証することを目的としている.
    本年度は,前年度に引き続き,本試験を実施した.ヒューマンカロリメーター入室前に,問診・診察及び身体組成測定,基礎代謝量,採血,OGTT(糖負荷試験),筋力測定,最大下運動負荷試験,アンケート調査を行う事前測定を行った.事前測定を行ったあと,対象者は,ヒューマンカロリメーター入室2日前から高糖質食を摂取し, 3日目の夕方にヒューマンカロリメーターに入室し,24時間の測定を行った.4日目はヒューマンカロリメーター内で高脂肪食を摂取し,決められた時間に自転車運動を行った.ヒューマンカロリメーター内では,座位安静及び食事,採尿,自転車運動,就寝といった決められた行動以外は,自由行動とした.
    本年度は,ヒューマンカロリメーターの質量分析計が長期にわたって故障し修理していたため,測定実施可能な期間が短く,10名の被験者をリクルートするにとどまった.測定を実施していく中で,1名の被験者が体調不良によりドロップアウトしたため,実際には9名のデータを得た.したがって,当初の測定実施目標対象者数20名に対し,昨年度と併せても若干及ばなかった.
    測定を完了した15名は,6名が習慣的に運動を行っている閉経後中高年女性,9名が習慣的な運動を行っていない閉経後中高年女性であった.

  • Fundamental study on estimated energy requirements for the Japanese healthy and diagnosed children

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Research Activity Start-up

    Project Year :

    2011
    -
    2012
     

    NAKAE Satoshi, EBINE Naoyuki, MIYATANI Shuichi, IDA Shinobu, ETANI Yuri, NISHIMOTO Yukiko, USUI Chiyoko

     View Summary

    The estimated energy requirements of the Dietary Reference Intakes for the Japanese (DRIs) is based on results from studies in healthy people including Japanese. However, there is no reference data for Japanese pre-school children. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the validity of estimated energy requirements of DRIs in Japanese healthy children(3 - 5 yr) and their diagnosed counterpart. This study contribute to childhood health by revising DRIs and improving its practical use

  • Effects of rowing exercise on psoas major size and walking ability in elderly people

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Project Year :

    2008
    -
    2010
     

    HIGUCHI Mitsuru, SAKAMOTO Shizuo, SANADA Kiyoshi, USUI Chiyoko, KAWANO Hiroshi

     View Summary

    Rowing exercise is a safe and efficient exercise for health promotion in elderly people. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of rowing exercise on psoas major muscle size and walking ability in elderly people. The data lead us to conclude that the rowing exercise using by both rowing ergometer and exercise resistance tube is a valuable tool for increasing psoas major and thigh muscle size. Further studies are needed to confirm the effect of rowing exercise on walking ability.

  • Physiological responses to short-term, high-intensity intermittent rowing exercise

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    Project Year :

    2006
    -
    2007
     

    HIGUCHI Mitsuru, USUI Chiyoko, SUZUKI Katsuhiko

     View Summary

    This study was designed to observe physiological response during one bout of high-intensity intermittent short time rowing exercise and to evaluate the effect of repeated bouts of the exercise on rowing performance for college oarsmen.
    The high-intensity, intermittent exercise consisted of either five or eight bouts of 20-sec rowing with the maximal effort of the subjects, and each bout was separated by 10-sec rest. In the first experiment, subjects reached to the maximal level of VO_2 and heart rate at the fourth set during both 5- and 8- sets of high-intensity, intermittent exercises. However, blood lactate concentration after high-intensity, intermittent exercise was significantly lower in the 5-set protocol than in the 8-set protocol (9.0±1.2vs. 11.3±1.6mM, p<0.05), suggesting that the 8-set protocol is much vigorous and better than the 5-set protocol as high-intensity, intermittent rowing exercise for rowers. In the 6-week rowing training, low frequency group (LF: 2 times/week) markedly improved their rowing performance (Δ3.2±1.9sec/1000m, Δ8.4±5.5sec/2000m time trials), whereas high frequency group (HF: 5 times/week) improved only in 1000m trial (Δ4.5±2.3sec).
    Bowers performed 5-week training regimens by single scull boat on water which consisted of high-intensity rowing exercise(8 sets/bout, 2 times/week). Their rowing performance in the 2000m-time trial on ergometer was significantly improved.
    These results suggest that high-intensity, intermittent rowing exercise on both ergometer and on water, which consists of 20-sec maximal exertion with 10-sec interval, 8 sets/bout, 2 times/week, more than 6 weeks, could be recommended to the collegiate rowers in order to improve their rowing performance.

Specific Research

  • 女子大学生における月経異常と食事パターンとの関係

    2021  

     View Summary

    本研究では,女子大学生の月経異常の発症状況と特徴的な食事パターンとの関係を調査した.アンケートによる月経や生活習慣,食品・栄養素摂取量の調査を行ったところ,有効な分析対象者は414名であった.そのうち,軽度以上の月経困難症のある学生は318名であった.食事パターンは主成分分析により,第1に「野菜型」,第2に「デザート型」,第3に「晩酌型」,第4に「魚類低摂取型」が同定された.各食事パターンスコアと月経困難症有無の関連についてロジスティック回帰分析を用いて多変量調整オッズ比(95%信頼区間)を算出した結果,「魚類低摂取型」において,スコア低値群を基準とした場合,中程度群で1.25(0.72‐2.15),高値群で1.86(1.03‐3.34)であった(P for trend = 0.04).本研究の結果により,月経異常の有無と魚類の摂取量が少ない食事パターンが関連するかもしれないことが示唆された.

  • 女子大学生における月経異常と身体活動量との関係

    2020  

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    本研究は,女子大学ラクロス選手の身体活動と月経困難症との関係を調査した.70名の選手にアンケート調査と身体活動量測定を行い,月経困難症スコアで3群に分け比較検討した:非月経困難症(Non群;n=22),軽度月経困難症(Mild群;n=35),および月経困難症(Severe群;n=13).歩数は3群間に差はなかったが,Non群はMild群と比べて高強度の歩・走行活動時間が長かった(p=0.025).一方,3群間で歩・走行以外の活動時間に差はなかった.月経困難症の女子大学ラクロス選手は,高強度の歩・走行活動を増やすことが,女子大学ラクロス選手の月経困難症の有効な治療法になるかもしれない.

  • 女子大学生における月経異常と食習慣及び栄養素摂取状況との関係

    2019  

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    本研究は,女子大学生の月経異常の発症状況と食習慣及び食品・栄養素摂取の状況との関係を明らかにすることを目的とした.518名の女子大学生にアンケートによる月経や食習慣及び食品・栄養素摂取量の調査を行ったところ,有効な分析対象は400名であった.分析の結果,月経異常群(314名)は,月経正常群(86名)に比べて,初経年齢が有意に低かった(p=0.004).また,月経異常群は月経正常群に比べて,ビタミンAが有意に低く(p=0.026),普通・高脂肪乳(p=0.035)及びフルーツ(p=0.019)の摂取量が有意に少なかった.本研究の結果により,月経異常の有無に主にビタミン類の摂取が関連するかもしれないことが示唆された.

  • 水泳が中高年女性の四肢及び体幹の筋・脂肪量と基礎代謝に及ぼす影響に関する縦断研究

    2006  

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     本研究は、43-75歳の41名の中高年女性を対象として、定期的かつ長期間の水泳トレーニングをしている人としていない人の四肢及び体幹の除脂肪量(FFM)・脂肪量(FM)と基礎代謝量(BMR)を縦断的に測定し比較検討することで水泳トレーニングの効果を検証することを目的とした。 体重および身体組成は、DXA法によって測定し、四肢及び体幹の除脂肪量と脂肪量を算出した。最大下酸素摂取量(VO2peak)は、トレッドミルを用い漸増負荷法により測定した。BMRは早朝空腹時に30分以上の仰臥位安静後、ダグラスバッグ法により10分間の呼気を2回採取し、質量分析計によって呼気を分析しBMRを求めた。 水泳トレーニング(T)群(n=26,年齢59.9±6.8歳,身長155.0±5.0cm,体重55.8±7.3kg,%fat 28.2±4.6%)と非トレーニング(UT)群(n=15,63.2±8.0歳,154.6±5.0cm,57.8±8.6kg,32.2±5.2%)において年齢、身長、体重およびFFMに有意な差はなかった。VO2peak は、UT群と比べT群において有意に高かった。全身の体脂肪率及びFMは、UT群よりもT群において有意に低かった。特に、四肢のFMにおいて、UT群よりもT群において有意に低かった。1年後の測定において全身および身体各部の組成やVO2peak に有意な変化はなかった。また、BMRにおいて2群間の相違は認められず、さらに1年後の測定値との間にも有意な差は認められなかった。 本研究の結果から、中高年女性の長期間の定期的な水泳トレーニングはFMの増加を抑制し、また、呼吸循環器系能力を維持することが示唆された。しかしながら、FFMやBMRに関連する大きな変化は認められなかったことも示された。

  • 閉経後中高年水泳愛好者の身体各部の組成と基礎代謝との関係

    2005  

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    1日のエネルギー消費量の60~80%を占める基礎代謝量 (BMR)は、様々な形態学的・生理学的な要因に影響を受ける。閉経後女性において、定期的な水泳運動が内臓および骨格筋のような除脂肪量(FFM)と関係のあるBMRの増加を引き起こすかどうかは明らかではない。本研究は、50-75歳の52名の閉経後女性の水泳愛好者におけるBMRおよび身体組成の関係を横断的に検討することを目的とし、水泳運動を良くやっている群(WT)とそうでない群(LT)の2つの群において比較検討した。 体重および身体組成は、DXA法によって測定し、軟除脂肪組織量(SLTM)はFFMから骨量を除いた値を用いた。最大下酸素摂取量(VO2peak)は、トレッドミルを用い漸増負荷法により測定した。BMRは早朝空腹時に30分以上の仰臥位安静後、ダグラスバッグ法により10分間の呼気を2回採取し、質量分析計によって呼気を分析しBMRを求めた。LT群(n=24,年齢63.3±5.9歳,身長154.3±5.6cm,体重56.5±4.9kg,%fat 31.6±4.2%)とWT群(n=28,61.3±5.9歳,154.2±5.7cm,54.2±6.7kg,28.4±4.6%)において年齢、身長、体重および閉経経過年数に有意な差はなかった。VO2peak は、LT群と比べWT群において有意に高かった。全身の脂肪量(FM)は、LT群よりもWT群において有意に低かった。頭部及び体幹のFMにおいては2群間で相違はなかったが、四肢のFMにおいてはLT群よりもWT群において有意に低かった。しかしながら、2群間の全身および身体各部のSLTMに有意な相違はなかった。BMRにおいて2群間の相違は認められなかった。BMRに対する身体組成を独立変数にしたステップワイズ重回帰分析の結果、頭部及び体幹のSLTMがBMRの有意な独立変数であった。 本研究の結果から、閉経後女性の長期間の定期的な水泳運動はFMを低下させ、また、呼吸循環器系能力を上昇させたが、しかしながらBMRに関連するSLTMの大きな増加を引き起こさないことも示唆された。

 

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