POKARIER, Christopher J



Faculty of International Research and Education, School of International Liberal Studies

Job title


Homepage URL


Concurrent Post 【 display / non-display

  • Faculty of Commerce   School of Commerce

Education 【 display / non-display


    Australian National University   Australia-Japan Research Centre   International business & policy  


    University of Queensland   Department of Government   politics and economics  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • 博士

Research Experience 【 display / non-display

  • 2010

    April present Professor, SILS, Waseda University

  • 2004

    April 1 March 2010 Associate Professor, as above

  • 2001

    Senior Lecturer, School of International Business, Queensland University of Technology, Australia

  • 1996

    Lecturer, as above

Professional Memberships 【 display / non-display


    European Association of Japanese Studies


    Association of Cultural Economics International


    Consortium of Higher Education Researchers


Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Economic policy

  • Economic policy

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • public policy (higher education, FDI policy, cultural industries policy, nation branding), higher education enterprise, corporate strategy

Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Designing under uncertainty: professional identity and market disciplines in the creative industries

    Waseda Global Forum    2018  [Refereed]

  • Australia's foreign investment policy: An historical perspective

    Christopher Pokarier

    International Journal of Public Policy   13 ( 3-5 ) 212 - 231  2017

     View Summary

    Why did Australia, historically open to overseas capital, turn to restrictive policy in the early 1970s, only to significantly liberalise again from the mid-1980s? Furthermore, why has the regulatory apparatus of Australia's Foreign Investment Review Board (FIRB), established in the illiberal mid-1970s, been little changed over the last four decades, despite a return to relative openness? The paper finds that the initial illiberal turn arose from the changing sectoral and country-of-origin mix of foreign investment, a less liberal domestic and international ideational climate FDI, and from oppositional policy entrepreneurship. Liberalisation followed growing external imbalances, elite neo-liberal ideational change and transformative public leadership. The FIRB mechanism placated populist economic nationalist sentiment while allowing liberal policy in general, yet also tailored to the public and private interest logics of specific investment proposals. Remaining sectoral restrictions reflect both private interest influences and sector-specific public interest sensitivities.


  • ‘Building Transformations: Jerusalem’s Glass Menagerie’, The Israeli Journal of Architecture

    The Israeli Journal of Architecture     72 - 83  2016

  • ‘The Business of Japanese Culture Abroad: Implications for Japanese Studies’, Globalisation, Localisation and Japanese Studies in the Asia Pacific Region: Nichibunken Sydney Symposium, Kyoto: International Research Center for Japanese Studies


  • ‘Japanese higher education: Seeking adaptive efficiency in a mature sector’, Chapter 10 in Christopher Findlay & William Tierney, eds. Globalisation and Tertiary Education in the Asia Pacific: The Changing Nature of a Dynamic Market, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company.

    Christopher Pokarier


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Books and Other Publications 【 display / non-display

  • Transit through terror: the architecture of international mobility after 9.11, in An Anthology of Contending Views on International Security

    C. Pokarier, in David Walton &amp, Michael Frazier, eds

    Nova, New York  2012

  • Japanese higher education: Seeking adaptive efficiency in a mature sector, Chapter 10 in Globalisation and Tertiary Education in the Asia Pacific: The Changing Nature of a Dynamic Market

    C Pokarier, in Christopher Findlay &amp, William Tierney, eds

    World Scientific Publishing Company  2010

  • Open to Being Closed?: Foreign Control and Adaptive Efficiency in Japanese Corporate Governance’, Chapter 9 in Corporate Governance in the 21st Century: Japan’s Gradual Transformation

    C. Pokarier, in Luke Nottage, Leon Wolff, Kent Anderson, eds

    Edward Elgar, London  2008

  • Open Secure Influential?: Contemporary issues in Japan’s international economic engagement’, in Japan’s Future in East Asia and the Pacific

    C. Pokarier, in Mari, Pangetsu &amp, Ligang Song, eds

    Asia Pacific Press, Australian National University  2007

Awards 【 display / non-display

  • Australian Postgraduate Research Award


Research Projects 【 display / non-display

  • Politics of Higher Education Marketisation

    Project Year :


  • Changing Dynamics of Conflict and Implications for the United Nations

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Specific Research 【 display / non-display

  • A comparative political economy of partial higher education marketisation


     View Summary

    Comparative studies of higher education systems reveal three striking features: mass participation is a universal feature across developed economies, great variance both in the mix of public/private contribution to student costs and, thirdly, in the mix of public/private provision. A fourth dimension of variance, independent of whether public or private institutions predominate, is their degree of operational and ‘entrepreneurial’ autonomy from state control.  Through a multi-method comparative case study approach this ongoing research project aims to explore the political determinants of this variance. The first dimension has been recently emphasized by higher education specialists such as Baker (2014) and Marginson (2016), while the political determinants of the second dimension (public/private funding mix) has recently been explored ably by scholars such as Jungblut (2014), Vukasovic (2013), and Garritzman (2015, 2016) with whom I am interacting in conferences such as ECPR & CHER. My own efforts center upon the third and fourth dimensions; namely the politics of the mix of public/private provision and the degree of institutional operational autonomy and at ECPR 2016 presented a study of the Japanese case. I am also working on a related project on the ‘campus as catalyst’, recently on an Israeli case. 

  • Strategic rescaling of higher education provision?: responses to demographic and economic distress


     View Summary

    This ongoing research looks at how higher education systems, and particular institutions, respond to a diminished operating environment. Higher education institutions in a number of countries have faced severe financial pressures from one or more of the following: diminished public capacity to fund universities at a given scale of student enrolments, diminished private capacity to pay for a university education owing to economic downturn, and/or a declining domestic cohort of potential students owing to demographic change. The research analyses public policy responses to these diminished means, and examines how higher education institutions (and universities in particular) seek to influence policy in accordance with their financial interests and self-concepts.The project explores whether and how higher education institutions, and entire systems, escape pressures to ‘de-scale’ - downsize - through broadening the ‘market’ they serve, through either being less selective in domestic recruitment, marketing to fee-paying international students, or both. The first research stage has focused on the Australian case, culminating in presentation of a substantial paper titled ‘The Political Enterprise of Australian Higher Education Funding’ at the European Consortium for Political Science Research (ECPR), held in Montreal on 26-29 August 2015.

Overseas Activities 【 display / non-display

  • ①The Enterprise of Architecture  ②The political economy of overseas investment


    Israel   Truman Institute, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    Australia   Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University


Syllabus 【 display / non-display

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