ロバーツ グレンダ S (ロバーツ グレンダ S)

写真a

所属

国際学術院 大学院アジア太平洋研究科

職名

教授

兼担 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 附属機関・学校   グローバルエデュケーションセンター

  • 社会科学総合学術院   大学院社会科学研究科

学歴 【 表示 / 非表示

  •  
    -
    1986年

    コーネル大学   その他   Cultural Anthropology  

  •  
    -
    1978年

    ミシガン大学   Department of Asian Studies   Asian Studies  

学位 【 表示 / 非表示

  • アジア学科修士、人類学修士、Ph.D.(博士)

経歴 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 1998年04月
    -
     

    - 早稲田大学アジア太平洋研究センター助教授

  • 1998年04月
    -
     

    - 早稲田大学アジア太平洋研究センター助教授

  • 1996年06月
    -
     

    -1998年 3月 東京大学社会科学研究所客員助教授

  • 1995年08月
    -
     

    -1996年 5月 University of Hawaii, Dept. of

  • 1995年
    -
     

    副所長;アジア学科講師;助教授審査終了)

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所属学協会 【 表示 / 非表示

  •  
     
     

    移民政策学会

  •  
     
     

    Japan Anthropology Workshop(JAWS)

  •  
     
     

    Association of Asian Studies

  •  
     
     

    American Anthropological Association

 

研究分野 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 社会学

研究キーワード 【 表示 / 非表示

  • ジェンダー、社会人類学、日本研究、移民問題

論文 【 表示 / 非表示

  • The work, family and care nexus in Paris and Tokyo: Gender equality and well-being among urban professionals

    Glenda S. Roberts, Hiroko Costantini

    Contemporary Japan     1 - 34  2021年05月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者

    DOI

  • Leaning out for the long span: what holds women back from promotion in Japan?

    Glenda S. Roberts

    Japan Forum   32 ( 4 ) 555 - 576  2020年10月  [査読有り]

    担当区分:筆頭著者

    DOI

  • An Immigration Policy by any Other Name: Semantics of Immigration to Japan

    Roberts, Glenda S

    Social Science Japan Journal   21 ( 1 ) 89 - 102  2017年02月  [査読有り]

  • 似たような成果たが経路は異なる—ジェンダー化された雇用規制の国際移転

    ロバーツ・グレンダ・S

    知識経済をジェンダー化する:労働組織・規制・福祉国家     155 - 175  2016年08月

  • (Book Review) Career Women in Contemporary Japan: Pursuing Identities, Fashioning Lives. London: Routledge.

    Anne Stefanie Aronsson

    Social Science Japan Journal   19 ( 1 ) 142 - 145  2016年

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書籍等出版物 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Japan's Evolving Family: Voices from Young Urban Adults Navigating Change

    Roberts, Glenda S( 担当: 単著)

    East-West Center  2016年10月 ISBN: 9780866382748

     概要を見る

    In recent decades, Japan has become a rapidly aging, low-birthrate society. Late marriage and no marriage have also become commonplace. With the prolonged recession, stable employment declined, wages dropped, and the reputation of the prototypical "salaryman" of the postwar period took a beating. In this milieu, how do young adults feel about conventional gender roles? Have attitudes changed in regard to marriage and childrearing, and if so, how? How do the unmarried envision themselves in the future, and how do the married wish to raise their children? In this interview study, diverse views can be heard, but those relating to childbearing and rearing remain fairly conservative. Furthermore, expectations that women should be solely responsible for the "double shift" of household labor and caregiving upon marriage, as well as continued discrimination against women in the workplace and a workplace culture of long hours, appear to underlie the hesitancy young adults have in acting on their dreams in the recessionary economy.

  • Japan’s Evolving Family: Voices from Young Urban Adults Navigating Change. Hawaii: East-West Center

    Roberts, Glenda S

    East-West Center  2016年

  • Capturing Contemporary Japan: Differentiation and Uncertainty

    Satsuki Kawano, Glenda S. Roberts, Susan Long, eds

    University of Hawaii Press  2014年09月 ISBN: 9780824838690

  • Migration and Integration--Japan in Comparative Perspective

    Gabriele Vogt, Glenda S. Roberts, ditors

    Iudicium  2011年03月

  • Japan and Global Migration

    Mike Douglass, Glenda S. Roberts, eds

    Routledge (published with a new preface in paperback by U. Hawaii Press, 2003)  2000年

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Misc 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Women in motion: Globalization, state policies, and Labor migration in Asia

    Glenda S. Roberts

    CONTEMPORARY SOCIOLOGY-A JOURNAL OF REVIEWS   35 ( 5 ) 533 - 534  2006年09月

    書評論文,書評,文献紹介等  

その他 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 私の研究に興味を持っ...

     概要を見る

    私の研究に興味を持っている方、ご遠慮なくコンタクトをしてください。

  • 私の研究に興味を持っている方、ご遠慮なくコンタクトをしてください。

受賞 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Book “Staying on the Line: Blue-Collar Women in Contemporary Japan,” University of Hawaii Press was selected for inclusion on the list of Noteworthy Books in Industrial Relations and Labor Economics (1994)

    1994年  

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Social inclusion and integration of diversity: Employers, newcomer migrant workers, and community response in Japan

    研究期間:

    2019年04月
    -
    2022年03月
     

     概要を見る

    Japan is gradually becoming a nation that depends on diverse migrant labor. It is important to integrate immigrant populations into society early to avoid the later conflicts and mutual mistrust found elsewhere.This study will investigate the social inclusion of migrants at multiple levels. At a time when the Japanese government is expanding the categories and lengths of stay of migrant workers to ease the labor shortages accompanying drastic population decline, this project seeks to understand how newcomer migrant labor will be welcomed and integrated into the workplace and the community.Together with my RA, I visited the JA office in Kyoto, in July 2019, interviewing at two chicken farms, meeting some foreigner ginou jisshusei and Special Skilled Workers 1. On 12/3 we met farmers from Aichi at a reception in Tokyo where they had attended a presentation by the Ministry of Agriculture.<BR>On 12/19, we returned to Kyoto-fu with the JA staff to discuss with local town representatives and a chicken farm manager how the foreign workers might get involved in town events. We saw farms in Yawata and learned of farmers' difficulties in securing workers who would stay long-term. We visited a JA meeting for local farmers, where a representative explained the new SSWI system.<BR>We participated in two academic conferences:RA Noriko Fujita presented her research on 10/20 at a Diversity panel of the Japan Society of Policy Studies. The second conference was the Japan Labor Sociology conference on 11/3, where we heard a talk on dairy farms in Hokkaido. My RA and I compiled our preliminary findings from our field trips into a talk for the Waseda University/U. Birmingham international NODE migration conference in December, 2019.On 5 February, we visited the town in Aichi where we had been invited to return, interviewing five women farmers about their roles managing foreign workers. They invited us back to stay for a longer trip, to do a homestay in order to understand more about their farming lives and needs.I and my research assistant carried out as many field trips to Kyoto and Aichi as we had planned in the past year. The trips were productive. We had great help from the JA representative as well as from the farmers in Kyoto prefecture and Aichi. We have been requested to return and stay longer in order to observe the daily life of the foreign workers. We are communicating with JA and with the Aichi farmers online. We have gained a good rapport with them. We presented preliminary results at NODE conference on migration, held with Waseda and U. Birmingham scholars, December 3-6, 2019. Our presentation was well received. We made collaborations with UK scholars for future research. The only problem was we could not present at the Association for Asian Studies in March due to Covid 19.We would like to make a follow-up trip to JA in Kyoto prefecture in July, if the Corona virus situation improves. Furthermore we will visit Aichi, to stay for a week or ten days' trip, in order to get to know the people there better, and find out to what extent the workers are being incorporated in local events. I will interview some of the local politicians, as well as Ministry of Agriculture staff, to understand their views on the SSWI program going forward. We will expand our contacts with farms who employ SSWI workers to have more of a variety of farms and stakeholders. I will be able to make more field trips in December 2020 as well as February 2021 if the virus situation has improved.<BR>I will apply again to attend the Association of Asian Studies meeting next year in the US in March 2021. With a world pandemic, it is difficult to predict to what extent we can carry out the field trips, or join the conferences. I may delay applying to present my findings at the American Anthropological Association conference in November 2020,depending on the pandemic. Instead I will attend the final year of the grant. I will keep up with the news and scholarly accounts on this

  • グローバル金融危機以降におけるアジアの新興/成熟経済社会とジェンダー

    研究期間:

    2011年04月
    -
    2015年03月
     

     概要を見る

    グローバル金融危機以降のアジア経済社会の変化を把握するために、フェミニスト経済学の最新知見を応用し、金融・生産・再生産の三領域のグローバル化の関係を把握する。グローバル金融危機以降の金融排除/包摂の日米、日韓比較分析(住宅ローン、消費者ローン、生命保険)による金融領域のジェンダー分析、高齢社会対応産業(車いす産業)と社会保障制度(介護保険)の制度間比較と組織・インタレスト集団、利用当事者に関するマクロ・メゾ・ミクロレベル分析、新国際分業の現状分析(日系縫製企業の中国からバングラデシュへの二次移転、フィリピンのBPO産業の生成と労働力移動(コールセンター・事務処理産業の生成)を行っている

  • 「ニュー・エコノミー」の比較ジェンダー分析−高齢社会のサービス化、情報化と格差問題

    研究期間:

    2002年
    -
    2003年
     

  • 中国・沿海地域における女性出稼ぎ労働者の就労と生活

     概要を見る

    本研究の目的は中国沿海地域における女性出稼ぎ労働者の就労と生活の実態を、経営主体の異なる企業間において比較することである。本研究では特に広東省の電子産業関連企業3社を取り上げ、女性出稼ぎ労働者の就労と生活実態の比較・検討を試みた。その結果以下のことが明らかとなった。1.経営管理面からみると、深〓所在のA社は安定志向型経営で日本的な要素を多く持ち、社内の分層化と中間管理職の安定的な確保が可能な体制を作り、全社的な安定成長を実現した。恵州市にあるB社は変化追求型経営で人材の現地化を柱に、現地の文化と習慣に合う人心管理方式を用い、女子従業員の生産性向上を達成している。東莞市にあるC社は外延拡張型で「多国籍」の人的資源を活用し、合弁による委託生産で税制面での優遇策をコスト削減に活かしている。2.女性出稼ぎ労働者の就労面で、A社は三交代および常日勤の勤務形態を中心とし、B社、C社は残業を前提とする二交代制である。それぞれの賃金は中央値比較で各200元程度の差が存在する。このため、給与面および能力が発揮できている程度はそれぞれの仕事に対する満足度に有意な差をもたらしている。生活面においても、残業時間が自由時間の長短を左右し、余暇における新しい知識の習得や出稼ぎ生活全般への評価に各社間で若干の相違がみられる。ただし、全体として、女性出稼ぎ労働者は出稼ぎに肯定的な評価を示している。3.ジェンダーの視点からこれらの3社を比較したところ、各社における男女不平等観は賃金と報奨金の面でB社とその他2社との間に有意な差が示されたが、それ以外の面での差は必ずしも有意ではなかった。ただし、男女間の比較が可能なA社の場合、職種上の性別による差は有意であった。他の2社ではライン工に女性のみが就業しており、そのこと自体がすでに性別による分業を示すものといえよう

  • 「ニュー・エコノミー」の比較ジェンダー分析-高齢社会のサービス化、情報化と格差問題

     概要を見る

    本研究は、経済グローバル化のもとで、「ニュー・エコノミー」として生じているとされる産業構造や労働組織など変化について、英、独、米および日本について、ジェンダー関係との関連を比較分析するもの。たとえば、産業や労働の組織の「フラット化」や「柔軟化」が語られながら、じつは社会的格差の拡大が懸念されること、また、近年の規制改革や福祉国家改革のベクトルでも、規制緩和や民営化ばかりではなく、再規制化やセーフティネット強化の要素が見逃せないこと、これらの事象のいずれもジェンダー関係と交差していること、が指摘される。対象4国は、今日の世界経済で大きな比重をもち、かつ相互に意味ある好対照をなしている。なにより4つの国は、異なる性格のジェンダー・レジームを持っている。アメリカは女性の就業を促進する方向に最も進んでおり、日本は女性の世帯内役割を最優先するジェンダー・レジームであるように見える。福祉と産業労働、家庭を横断するジェンダー・レジームは、収斂しているのか、あるいは強い経路依存性のもとで分岐しているのかなどの論点が、本研究で解明され発表されてきた。すなわち、2002年9月3日には東京大学において、公開シンポジウム「グローバル時代の「ニュー・エコノミー」-日米欧の比較ジェンダー分析」を開催し、本研究のコンセプトについて研究グループの外部から意見等を得た。その内容は、雑誌『現代思想』31巻1号(2003年1月号)の特集「トランスナショナル・フェミニズム」として発表された。2003年9月末にはブレーメン大学、2004年3月初めには日本国内で、海外共同研究者との研究会を集中的に開催した。研究の成果を広く社会に還元するべく、2004年3月4日に東京大学において、公開シンポジウム「グローバル時代の「ニュー・エコノミー」-日米欧の比較ジェンダー分析II」を開催(第18回東大社研シンポジウム)

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講演・口頭発表等 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Changing Face of Demographics in Japan

    Roberts, Glenda S

    Panelist and Presenter at in American Embassy Tokyo Consular Workshop   (Tokyo)  American Embassy Tokyo  

    発表年月: 2016年09月

  • Ready or NOT?” Youngish Urban Adults’ Views on Family Formation in the 20-teens

    Roberts, Glenda S

    AAS in Asia   (Kyoto)  Doshisha University  

    発表年月: 2016年06月

  • The Semantics of Migration to Japan: Unpacking the Ambiguities

    Roberts, Glenda

    UCLA Global Japan Forum   (Los Angeles) 

    発表年月: 2016年05月

  • Rethinking Japan’s Lost Decades: Crisis Narratives and Post-Bubble Transformations

    Roberts, Glenda S

    Discussant at American Anthropological Association   (Colorado) 

    発表年月: 2015年11月

  • Marriage in Mid-life: Marriage, Intimacy and Well-being for Middle-aged Salarywomen in Urban Japan

    Roberts, Glenda S

    Presenter at East Asian Anthropology Association   (Hokkaido)  University of Hokkaido  

    発表年月: 2015年10月

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特定課題研究 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Women, Work and Family in the 21st Century: A Comparison between Japanese and French.

    2019年   Umegaki-Costantini, Hiroko

     概要を見る

    This research concerns how middle-class families in Paris and Tokyo balance their working lives and their family lives in contemporary society.&nbsp; While the societies are quite different in many respects, they also have points in common--they are both post-modern democracies, both have high rates of education for women and a substantial presence of women in employment, and both experienced demographic decline in more recent years.&nbsp; France, however, though government policy that emphasizes thick support for families, has managed to stave the sharp decline in the birth rate, while Japan has not taken this route and is still confronted with a very low birthrate.&nbsp; Our research, is an anthropological study, based on narrative in-depth interviews of middle and upper-middle class working men and women in Paris and Tokyo.&nbsp; It asks these families how they manage their everyday schedules, who takes care of the family, how their relatives and partners are involved, what sorts of services they use from the government and their satisfaction with that, and their conception of the family and the couple, and their hopes for their futures.&nbsp; We are currently writing an academic paper based on our analysis from these cases.

  • Women, Work and Family in the 21st Century: A Comparison between Japanese and French.

    2018年   Umegaki-Costantini, Hiroko

     概要を見る

    This research project seeks to understand familyorganization and social change in the 21st century, especially inregard to work/life balance, gender roles, and caregiving.&nbsp; With this fund from Waseda University in2018, with the collaboration of Professor Hiroko Umegaki-Costantini who alsosecured research funds from her university, Sciences-Po, I was able to make substantialprogress on the research.&nbsp; The Frenchside of the research ended in May last year when we completed 30 researchinterviews with men and women who had at least one child under the age of 18. &nbsp;&nbsp;Dr.Umegaki-Costantini of Sciences-Po and I wrote a preliminary researchpresentation based on our study, presenting it at the Historical Demographyseminar of Professor Antoinette Fauve-Chamoux of the EHESS, in May 2018. Preliminary findings indicate that although the French have more social supports for work/life balance, it remains a problem in their family lives.&nbsp;&nbsp;We received excellent feedback whichencouraged us to look further into social class aspects of work/life balanceand care. Hence I plan to take another trip to Paris in the next phase of thisresearch in order to interview people of more varied socio-economicbackgrounds. I also presented this research to the faculty of GSAPS when Ireturned from my sabbatical leave in September, 2018.

  • Inclusion and integration of diversity: Employers, newcomer migrant workers, and their communities in Japan

    2018年  

     概要を見る

    This research involved directly contacting the stakeholders in the system of Technical Interns and Trainees in the area of farming, and hearing from them how they manage the current system and how they envision the new system of tokutei ginou&nbsp; as it comes into place in the next years.We studied Aichi and Kyoto prefectures, because they are two of the prefectures that exhibited a great deal of interest in utilizing new systems of labor to support agricultural innovation.&nbsp; We are interested in how foreign labor has been utilized up until now, and how they will be incorporated into the local societies in the future. Hence, social inclusion is a key word of this project.&nbsp;&nbsp;With the assistance of an RA, I was able to make three trips to Kyoto and Nagoya in order to assess the current situation.&nbsp; We interviewed JA officials in Nagoya City, Kyoto, as well as a local JA office, and we also interviewed one official at the Kyoto Prefectural Agricultural office. We participated in a farmers' meeting in one local area, and on a separate occasion, visited several farms there and spoke with the owners about their operations.We also spoke with some of the Technical Interns and Trainees, and saw the lodgings of some of them. Furthermore, we were able to do participant observation at a weekly meeting of one of the Japanese language learning workshops, held in that locale in the evening.&nbsp;

  • Urban Salarywomen in Japan:A Longitudinal Study

    2017年  

     概要を見る

    The Special Project research grant for 2017 allowed me to re-interview the women in my Salarywomen dataset and to have those interviews professionally transcribed. Although the fund was insufficient to transcribe all of the interviews, I will be able to use my personal research funds to finish the remaining transcriptions in April of 2018. This will be in time for the remainder of my sabbatical leave, which I will spend at the East-West Center and the University of Hawaii, in the summer months.&nbsp; There I will spend my time in analysis and writing up of this interview data.&nbsp;&nbsp;By way of preliminary results, what I can say I have found from this most recent set of interviews is interesting material on women's evolution of their self concept as they age. Some have taken on increased responsibilities as managers in their firms, while another has become a manager after a long wait and much perseverence.&nbsp; Children are growing up and moving on to senior high school and university; life projects such as rebuilding a house are achieved, parents age apace, while some have passed away.&nbsp; As well, my informants themselves are aging and sense their age. Their doctors warn them of gaining weight, and caution them to get more exercise, which many of them take to heart. At least two of my informants have lost a significant amount of weight and say that they feel much better.&nbsp;&nbsp;In addition, some of the women are now thinking about what to do in retirement, and are honing their outside interests, such as jazz piano or other arts, which they plan to continue when they retire.My current sabbatical leave allows me the time to analyze this data and to write about these women's lives. I am currently writing an article which looks at how women sustain marriage in middle-age whilst they continue with their fulltime, regular employment.

  • Women, Work and Well-being in the 21st Century: Effects of Diverse Life Courses at Home and in the Labor Market

    2017年   Umegaki-Costantini, Hiroko

     概要を見る

    This project fund has allowed me to develop and pursue the French side of this research while I am resident in Paris during my sabbatical leave.&nbsp;&nbsp;The funds have paid for honorarium for interpreters to accompany myself and one other collaborative researcher as we interview French dual-earner families about their work/life balance and well-being, focusing on issues of the household division of labor, carework by and for the older generations, the social welfare network that supports work-life balance, the corporate or other work environment that supports or detracts from work/life balance, as well as couple's attitudes toward bearing and rearing children, and the meaning of family today.&nbsp;&nbsp;I first discussed with my collaborator, Dr. Hiroko Umegaki of Sciences Po in Paris, about her interest in carrying this out as a joint project. She has done a Ph.D. dissertation from Cambridge University on the role of grandparents in the family.&nbsp; Hence she was interested in pursuing especially the question of intergenerational care in families of dual earners in Paris. We began the project in December by finding the interpreters ard readying the resume and fiche in both languages for the interviews.&nbsp; We began the interviews in January 2018 and had finished 18 by the end of February. We are continuing the project until we reach thirty informants, but Dr. Umegaki's funds will cover the rest of the interviews.&nbsp;&nbsp;To date we have found that the French have far more flexibility in achieving work and life balance than their Japanese counterparts.This is not particularly surprising, given the high level of government support for childbearing and rearing, and the lower working hours.&nbsp; We find the range of how they think about family, and how women think about work and their own sense of liberation and independence, to be quite striking..&nbsp; It is too early to give definitive findings, but we will be doing fieldwork on the project until the end of April 2018 and expect to carry out analyes over the coming two years.

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海外研究活動 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Comparing well-being and work/life balance of women in France with those in Japan and Germany など

    2017年09月
    -
    2018年08月

    France   EHESS

    USA   East-West Center and U. Hawaii

  • Migrant workers and Caregiving

    2006年08月
    -
    2007年09月

    アメリカ   イエール大学

    アメリカ   ハワイ大学

 

現在担当している科目 【 表示 / 非表示

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